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SHIPMENTS THREATENED Higher Freight Rates May Stop Outgoing Move ment of Supply TULSA, Ok la., Sept. 12. (UP) Domestic oil companies have pre pared petitions setting forth that increased freight rates on crude petroleum from southwestern United States to Canada may re sult in loss of this market to So viet Russia. The protests, it was planned, will be presented this month at an executive session of the W est ern Trunk Lines association. This association approved the demands of the Canadian Pacific and Ca nadin Ntional rilways for the in creased freight rate. The South west Freight Bureau concurred. BUSINESS THREATENED The increased rate, shippers declared, is sufficient to put out of business all companies ship ping exclusively to the smaller refiners in Western Canada. They pointed out the rates would raise to an exorbitant price the oil which such refiners must pur chase. . ,. , The new rate, ranging as high as 40 per cent more, is applicable only on shipments going to Ca-1 nadian refiners, who do not re ship by rail at least 65 per cent of the refined by-products made from the American crude. The Imperial Refining com pany. leading refining and mar keting company in t anada and controlled by the Standard CHI Company of New Jersey, protest ed that the small companies in Western Canada who distribute their refined products by tank car in their immediate trade ter ritory were underselling the mar ket. This was reported to have brought the demand for the new rates by the Canadian railways. RATES PROTESTED fcnippers in me nuu-vunwuem. area, led by the Danciger Oil & Refining company, and the Fred Norton Oil company, both of Tulsa, and brokers and shippers from the Chicago area, protested the increased rates both with the Southwest Freight Rureau and in the interstate commerce commis sion as being discrimatorv and threatening existence of their in ternational trade. The ICC has no jurisdiction and the executive committee of the Western Trunk lines early in June accepted the demands and issued notice of increased rates which subsequently were approv ed by the Southwest Freight bu reau. LINES THREATENED Canadian officials answered hesitant Western Trunk lines of ficials that the Canadian lines would withdraw from all through schedules from the United States if the new rates were not adopted and published. “Of the two evils,” reported the Western Trunk Lines asso ciation, “we feel it justifiable to accept the increased rates.” The average increase contain ed in the new rates is about 21 cents per hundred pounds of 66.32 cents per barrel of oil, tak ing the weight of oil as 7-1-4 pounds per gallon and 42 gallons to the barrel. Interested shippers declared their last resort now is the Uni ted States supreme court. The Mer de Glace The Mer de Glace Is a glacier In Switzerland which, like other gla ciers, is caused hy a body of ice at the high altitude which does not melt because of the low tempera ture but continues to flow down the side of the mountain. Bodies buried in Ice of this kind are very apt to be preserved for years with very little deterioration. Tree Six Feet Thick The largest known tree In Mon tana is six feet in diameter and es tlmated at 1.000 years old. forestry agents report. I JEWISH REFUGEE MOVEMENT OUT OF GERMANY DECLARED i GREATEST IN FOUR CENTURIES THI^oTyou, Dame Rumor! In answer to rumors that they were planning a divorce, Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn, famous dancers, struck this affectionate pose for the cameraman at Beck et. Mass., where they are beauti fying their Berkshire estate. Ru mors of separation arose when Miss St. Denis abandoned dancing to appear in a play at Ogunquit, Me. UPWARD | o—— UPWARD. Sept. 12.—T h e singing school which was held at the Upward Methodist church has been brought to a close. A. N. Goodwyn and son, of Jacksonville. Fla., are at the home of Mr. and Mrs. John Jack son for the summer season. Mrs. Mary Laughter, of Shelby is visiting with her sister, Mrs. John Jackson. I Miss Lois Blackwell called to see M iss Anna Jackion, last week. Mrs. A. A. Bane who has been seriously ill is improving. I Mr. and Mrs. Ben Walden had at their dinner guests recently, Mr. and Mrs. 0. T. Parie and children. Mr. and Mrs. Barnie Fdney, all of Union Hill. Production of Licorice Licorice has not become a sue cessful commercial crop. It grows wild over large areas in Spain, Italy, southern Russia, Asia Minor and southern Asia. This country, how ever, uses quantities of licorice, f Ninety per cent of it finds its way into the tobacco industry, about 5 per cent into confectionery, and 5 per cent Into medicine. Its prin cipal medicinal use is to disguise the taste of acrid drugs. Plenty of Water Possible If all pumps in the New Orleans drainage system were operated to ' capacity at one time, they would i handle three billion gallons, or thir ‘ teen million tons o. water in four | hours. That is enough water, say ■ experts, to float ‘JGU ships the size of I the Leviathan. Over Half the 90,000 Who Have Fled Find Refuge in France By FREDERICK KUH United Press Staff Correspondent PARIS, Sept- 12.—(UP)—Of the iM),000 refugees from Ger many, mainly Jews who crossed the frontiers in the largest mi gration of their race in more than four centuries, almost half have sought a haven in France. German events have caused the greatest hegira of Jews since thousands were ejected from Spain at the end of the 15th cen tury. Even the exodus of the Jewish masses from Tsarist Rus sia has been eclipsed. Rigid frontier control, an out growth of the World war, has confronted the fugutive German Jews with difficulties far more harrowing than ever before. Prevalence of unemployment has made the assimilation of German fugitives a source of constant de spair. i.41 Those administering relief to German refugees here estimate that 25,000 now are in Paris, an other 15,000 elsewhere in France and the remainder scattered in Palestine, Poland, Holland, Sze choslovakia, Switzerland, Belgium and Britain. WAYSIDE STATION For some. Paris merely is a wayside station on their longer trek to Palestine, Tunis, Moroc co, Indo-China, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, South Africa or Aus tralia. Approximately 600, how ever. have found occupations on French farms. Only a tiny mi nority secured employment in of fices and factories. More than 6000 have been aid ed by the national committee for German Refugees, victims of an ti-Semitism. which has been spending 50,000 francs daily for feeding and sheltering German fugitives. Ninety per cent of those helped by the committee have been Jews. With the influx from Germany continuing, the committee nowr is arranging to shelter a thousand refugees in former army bar racks, offered by the French gov ernment. Branches are active in Strassbourg. Bordeaux, Marseil les. Metz and Lyons. SCHOOL FOUNDED A small group of well-to-do German Jews has founded a school for vocationally training refugees at Montesson. near here. Five hundred French families have taken German fugitives in 1 to their homes. German now is heard every where. More than a dozen so cialist, communist and liberal dailies and periodicals, published by German political and radical emigrants, have sprung into be ing. In prosperous times, experts assert, the German refugees could be absorbed in industry, agriculture and commerce, as rapidly as they appear. Nowa days, however, their future is at best enigmatic, and until the world recovers economically these wandering Jews and political ex iles face a long period of strug gle for survival. IRISH REPUBLIC BILLS ARE DRAFTED DUBLIN, Sept, 12,—(UP(— further move toward establish ment of a Republic of Ireland was seen today in the contents of three bills to be introduced in the dail by President Kamon de Valera when it reassembles September 27. The first proposes to abolish the governor-general's right to veto certain bills relating to the appropriation of money; the sec ond is designed to <|uash the right of King George to with hold1 his signature from Irish Free State acts of parliament; and the third proposes to abol ish the right of appeal to the privy council. ALLEY OOP By HAMLIN Culbertson Game Contrasts With British Bridge Visit Marked By Losses In Points And Cash For Britons Br H. L. PERCY United Press Staff Correspondent LONDON, Sept. 12.— (UP) — The difference between British and American contract bridge is the difference between chalk and cheese, Culbertson’s methods and bridge played naturally. This is the opinion of experts after the recent raid of Ely Cul bertson’s team on the British preserves, in which the British met with heavy losses, both fi nancially and in points. In the far-off days before Culbertson, contract bridge in Britain was played naturally, not to say naively. If it was thought a hand would play well in hearts, so it was said. If the partner thought the same, he put the bid ding up one, two, or more, ac cording to the extent he fancied his hand. THE PLAY If the hand appeared a good hid stronger than the average, the opening bid would tell the world that a contract of two seemed a sound idea. On a stronger hand still bids of three or four were hazarded. If the partner did not like the suit bid, he would say so by bidding his own suit, or no-trumps. And so on. Then came sundry experts, who said this method was wrong. A contract of two, they said, should betoken a stronger hand tnan " contract of three. P a r ® should bid his own suit, eveni if j he did not dislike the opene - sllit—it gives a better picture i of his hand. About this time, 1 l(o convential. or artificial, bids I that did not at all mean what I they said, sprang up. BRITISH CONFUSED i British bridge players were ' contused, wondering what to do ' next when suddenly the Culbcrt son hurricane struck the Amen I can bridge world levelled all bc Ifi-re it, and built up contract on new methods—the Approach Forcing. Low bidding became the fashion, so as to allow part ners to exchange as much infor mation as possible. This system was making some headway ’ in Britain, when Col. Walter Buller, who stood fast by “n atura 1” or “common-sense bidding, invited Culbertson to visit London and cross swords with him. Culbertson came, saw 1 and conquered, and the British bridge world capitulated to Ap proach Forcing, bought Culbert son’s “Bridge Blue Book, and played according to its com mandments. But there were le tters—notably the Portland and 1 the Devonshire clubs. These be came strongholds of “natural bidders, who regarded the Blue Book” as a new edition of “Alice-t h r o u g h-t h e-Looking Glass.” „ . .. Captain Lindsay Mundy, the ' bridge correspondent of the ; Daily Telegraph, and a member i of the Devonshire, felt that a | couple of clubfulls of passive re actionaries was of no particular benefit to British bridge. So he came out into the open with a declaration of war on Approach bidding. He contended not only that “natural” bidding was natural to the British mind, but that it was essentially the right way to nlav contract. All it needed was to be systematized and standard ized. Captain Mundy set himself to the task, and the outcome was his Direct System. Recently the Direct System was played against Approach Forcing when Captain Mundy s team met Culbertson’s four for a money prize. The Americans wo neasily by an overwhelming number of points. _ Newspaper Ads Showing Uptrend WASHINGTON, Sept. 12 (UP) I \ decided upturn in newspaper I advertising was announced last night by the NRA, which inter preted it officially as “a definite reflection of renewed confidence on the part of the nation’s busi I ness executives resulting in larger I advertising budgets. 1 Statistics from 25 cities showed a 16 per cent gain in newspaper advertising in August 1933, over August 1932. There had been a steady decline in display lineage through the year up to August 1. NRA statistics showed. Of the 25 cities surveyed, only one. Dayton. Ohio, showed los3 and this was only 973 lines. GOES TO WASHINGTON ASHEVILLE, Sept. 12. (UP) —Senator James Hamilton “Jim Ham” Lewis left here Sunday for Washington, where he ex pects to remain until Thursday. During the past six weeks he has been here for his health and will probably return later this week. ___ Prince Michael Learns About His Future Subjects BUCHAREST, Sept. 12. (UP) On orders from King Carol, Crown Prince Michael, 11-year old heir to the Rumanian throne, 1 is being brought up in close con tact with children from all classes. During the recent school year, the young prince studied in a class of nine students, which, in cluded, in addition to the sons oi lawyers, officers and officials, the sons of a locomotive engineer and a postman from a nearby village. When the class resumes it will have 12 members, including boys from Bukowina, Bessarabia, Ru mania. Hungary and Saxony. By throwing him into constant con tact with representative children, the King hopes to give Michael an understanding of the various elements which make up the king dom. Michael stood second in his class during the last, year, the best scholar being the son of an army lieutenant. The Prince was at his worst in ing but his other (rood. His deportmemm“8 ways the best. witne.A' * fist-fight with one 0f V^1* f!" The Prince plaj.s° J* hi, park and makes fr,<L* ^ sions into the countr ?,^ drives his own *niaj, auto._ He is forbidden tnA> the city, or in the ceuntr! drit« than 45 miles an hour^ he is already a vei v „ ' -3;t^ Often he takes hi country with him Qn ’*»: casions he swims.’ or JS Lake Snagov. not far f* (capital. Frequent!v h, . ^ : I the fashionable (m..,. i »n Bucharest, riding brown nan and ilaa^J riding tutors. 1 p? ^ At Sinaia there i* 9n golf course, and the i.ri!Xc*i it often, lie has ,‘f*> tennis, and in a («,„ . ; - be K’ven expert i„.trut,S that game. Michael’s entire cdur.« Sun,ier th,. very watchf0'2 i hi* father. King far< i •*«i L Ho is mal j ■ pro*, ! languages. Sine.- he \va-^ child he has spoken ! and English. Last year . hrench. and next Vear > start German. * ki EVERYBODY CAN RIDE NOW! for one paii«ltt or four paiiengW) PHONE 54 Office Next to Penney's Dept. Start r. nvrioht 1Q1* R J i. -r l. ■ I I 9 ABOVE—FRANK BUCK lugged tons of rhinos, cobras, tigers, and gorillas across the Pacific to win his famous title, “Bring-’em-back-alive Buck. He has to keep his nerves healthy to follow his strange occupa tion of capturing wild animals alive! j •WHETHER YOU’RE ON A HOLIDAY, or hard at work, Camels are the cigarettes for steady smoking.' Costlier tobaccos do make a difference. ' ** • ABOVE—FRANK BUCK HAS SM0B& his way around the globe with Camels. Hf ^ “I am a steady Camel smoker. Ca®*^ milder, and they don’t jangle my nen* I I tv . <Uh aiL IT j$ MORE FUN TO KNOW Camels are made from finer, MORE EXPENSIVE ' tobaccos than any other popular brand. You’ll ap preciate the mildness...the flavor...the added pleas ure in costlier tobaccos. “Bringing ’em back alive is a job Pac^ thrills, excitement, and real danger* J Frank Back. “I never would have been a * populate half the zoos in this c‘>untry’ ^ save my own life a half dozen times b> action, if I didn’t have healthy nerves. a^ heavy smoker, as you noticed if you sa* picture, ‘Bring ’em Back Alive, but ^ smoke all I want because I smoke a They don’t upset my nerves. I Prcfcr mild, rich flavor, too.” & $ * Turn to Camels and find out for yourself true it is that Camel’s costlier tobaccos better... and do not jangle the iv r -1 ■ today!