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Fair ard slightly colder Thur*. day and Friday. •••"■ ■, GOOD AFTERNOON fi . )/• S»me scientist* believe that the North Pole used to be near where New York is now. It moved when the town gql too hot for it. ('0L. 52—No. 304 HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1933 SINGLE CjOPIES. FIVE CENTS ISecretary Perkins Foresees Sharp Wage Upturn Dims GRAVE 'ROBLEMS YET 10 BE SOLVED insiders Steps To Stren rt/ien Security Commo dity Markets I0BE OF HARD COAL INDUSTRY SOUGHT ■ \GO. Dec. 21.—(UP).— ■ a:p upswing in wages and in B • • better times 'in B vere predicted by Frances ■ - cretary of labor, he:-.* B en she addressed a raeet ■ Railway Labor Execu ■ I varned that "grave and se ■ < blems remain to be B ut said the outlook is de'i B ftter than at any tine in B Other speakers stressed B ' nism of labor concerning B I ■ SUING rON. Dee. 21. <UP> B . rnment ho!• i it< domestic B ay njj rate unchanged at B for the fourth Br- ire day in the face of B ek and commodity B for more ac B> ngressiona) demands for ic B B the retention of the Bt ras understood the Br - seriously considering a B tsting H. to strength*.n the secur H om modity markets, if >'■ 'urther losses. INVESTIGATE ONE *1NG SITUATION WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. (UP) ■trough investigation of labor k • a the anthracite indu; f .noy empowered to nary an-on a^ain^ r • a< recommended to .\a: nal I.al>oar hoard la-t h" V :ts anthracite iact-find committee. '• t- committee's report is being i ■ ' by the board. Its course iction will be decided "as soon »>ible.*' it was said, hf fact-finding committee is '• >>e«| uf Charles I*. Neill, for •. year? h'.*ad of the concilia board of the anthracite re : !>'. Hugh Hanna of the de neat of labor, and Ban P. rews, state commissioner of r tor New York. ' *• report picturing distress r'ne likelihood of further dis ances in the anthracite re . emphasized two problems: —A difference of interpreta as to the reinstatement of kin miners after the fall <?s. --The need of a more thor i investigation than could be e by the fact-finding commit r.e committee was authorized I. •"> to investigate complaints p* i onditions and practices in I barre-Scranton district, krt of the agreement under F 'i iking miners returned to W charges laid before us are a very serious nature," the '' reported, "and if true jbstantial detrree the eon C"- alleged should be correct by prompt and decisive ac L" iTES INTERMEDIATE Y.P.U. TREE TONIGHT fee Yates Intermediate B. Y. L'. of the First Baptist church hold a Christmas program and t a tree tonight at 7:30 o clock ke Hollo well' Bible class room. Baldwin asks that all meni 1 be present and bring a small *nt. Gifts will be distributed drawing of names, so that f>' rst» will get one. w» OO OU* PAKV IP ielps-Dodgc Corp. declare* e» »al dividend of 25 cents a United Pre*s dispatch** the Times-News state. I'on Age estimates steel pro etion at 36 per cent of ca Mcity, up SH per cent from week's lerel. ^i»on Electric Institute re f*i power output in United M*s for week of December was 1,644.018.000 kilowatt ttlr*. up 6.6 per cent from t*ious week. Post in Roosevelt Cabinet for Him? I Reported slated for a post in the Roosevelt cabinet to replace Ho mer Cummings as attorney gen eral is Martin Conl>oy (above), newly appointed U. S. attorney for the New York district. Cuni minsrs was said to be ready to take the post of governor of tho Philippines, to which he was orig inally designated. NEW REVENUE SOURCES HARD TO DISCOVER Doughton Stirred To Re sentment By Labor Of Cooperation I WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. (UP) Irked by the steady drum-fire of criticism of proposed revisions in income tax laws. Chairman Dough ton of the house ways and means committee yesterday charged that representatives of various indus tries were failing to co-ooerate 1! with congress in its search for new revenue. Doughton noted that changes in tax laws proposed by the ways and means sub-committee had been severely criticized since hearings on the report opened a week ago. Only one witness, Geo. P. P. Bonnell. New York attor ney has promised to submit to the committee tax revisions which would swell the federal income. "It is not the purpose of this committee to add new burdens on industry." Doughton explained. "But many of the proposed taxes are justifiable. The government needs revenue badly. These wit nesses come here and tell a sad story of what will happen to in dustry if we make changes in the law but none of them tell us how we can get more money needed by the government if we don't change the laws." His resentment of the vigorous opposition expressed by the steady parade of witnesses before his committee flared into the open late yesterday when Doughton questioned E. Fillmore, of the As sociated Fur Coat and Trimming Manufacturers. After Fillmore had emphasized the necessity of abolishing the 10 per cent tax on the fur industry through which the government hopes to obtain $15,000,000 a year in revenues, Doughton asked sharply: "Well, you stand there and want us to throw out this tax but you don't tell us what we can sub stitute for it. do you " Fillmore recommended an "equitable sales tax." "There never was an 'equitable' sales tax," Doughton replied. PROF. WRIGHTON AND WIFE ARE VISITORS Prof, and Mrs. William H, Wrighton. of Athens, Ga., are spending some days at the Sky land Hotel and will remain hen for the Christmas holidays. Prof. Wrighton, is in charge of the department of Philosophy at the University of Georgia. Prof. Wrighton has b«en i summer visitor to Hendersonvilh in years past, and is now givinj the city a test as a winter resort He is delighted with the splen did winter climate and is havinj a thoroughly enjoyable stay. , FLORIDA POSTMASTER WASHINGTON. Dec. 21 (UP —H. D. Leavengood yesterda; was appointed acting postmaste of Ocalu, Fla. CLEANERS AND DYERS PRICES CUT IN CODE Horizontal Reduction Of 20 Per Cent On Mini mum Charges NRA YIELDS TO MANY VIOLENT PROTESTS WASHINGTON. Deo. 21. (UP) The NRA yielded last night to the violent protests of cleaners and dyers from many parts of i the country and ordered a hori zontal 20 per cent reduction of ' minimum prices established by the industry's code. A special board was set up to study th>» price situation. The cleaners code prescribed varying minimum prices for work ! in each city in the country and of recent hearings spokesmen for the industry contended the prices set were ruinously high. Establishment of the minimums was offered as settlement of the controversy within the industry over a differential for "cash and carry" cleaners who claimed they should be permitted to charge less than operators who had delivery costs to consider. Announcement of the price re-! ductions was acompanied by a warning from National Compl'-j ance Director William H. Davis | that violators of the new schedules would be prosecuted vigorously. J Davis already has referred more' than 100 alleged violators to the federal trade commission for in vestigation but prosecution ha.« been delayed to observe the ac-j tions of these operators under the i new system. J U nder the new arrangement uiy ; minimum prices which c an be I charged for cleaning and pressing men's suits and women's plain dresses now G5, 75, 85 or 95 coins according to the trade area, will l be 50, 60. 70 and 75 cents respec tively. The minimum prices for I other cleaning services will be re duced proportionately throughout ) the country from the existing ri»tes. These present rates range, from $1.50 for cleaning and: pressing a woman's fancy three- i piece suit to a dime for cleaning i j and pressing a necktie. 1 Special Blue Eagle insignia will 11 j be awarded cleaners who. giving j i ,a higher quality service, continue 1 j to charge prices set originally as j ] i minimum*. J < | The price study board will < : maintain a constant check on the i operation and effect of the sched- ; ules, the announcement said. The j ! board may hold public hearings in:'] ■ any locality on petition of 50 por j < ' cent of the cleaners in that local- \ ity, to determine and recommend ' j | necessary modifications of price | , schedules or other code provision -, j The new prices become effe>,| tive Friday, Dec. 22, supplanting i ] , those approved Nov. 22 for a 30-1; | day trial period. HOME FOR HOLIDAYS L. S. Knappen, of New Bruns wick. N. J., arrived today to spend the Christmas holidays with ! his parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. F. ! Knappen. winter residents, on Ridgewood Boulevard. 1 Vb STDBYc^J Then the Three "Wise Men opeueu , up the treasures which they had ' J borne with them out of the east | and presented unto Him their gifts of gold and frankincense and myrrh and departed. r\SHOm NG v 4md CHRISTMAS Daughter Comforts Torch Slayer round guilty 0f the torch murder of her divorced husband, Mrs. May Sanson, .'J'J, here is shown in court at Rockford, 111., comforted by ler daughter. June, 12, afte rthe verdict was returned. The jury ;onvicted Mrs. Hunson on a charge of killing her husband by drench ing his clothing with gasoline and then applying a match. She wa? ?iven 14 years in prison. U. S. Last Of American Countries To Approve Convention Granting Women Equal Nationality Rights Bv ARCH RODGERS Jnited Press Staff Correspondent MONTEVIDEO. Uruguay, Dec. !1.— (UP).—A convention grant ng equal nationality rights to vomen received the approval of he United States delegation at he Seventh Pan-American Con erence here yesterday. Subject o congressional action, the pro tosal now has the unanimous en lorsement of all nations at the onference. The approval by the United states delegation came after dif-: 'erences between two major wo-j nen's organizations of the United I States had caused the delegation ' 0 abstain from voting on the )roject. Agreement is subject to con rressional approval, the statement >y the United States said. It was ■eported that the action followed 1 suggestion by President Roose velt. By RUBY A. BLACK (Copyright, 193J, United Press) WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. (UP) Despite efforts from all sides to ibtain her intervention, Mrs. Franklin I). Roosevelt refused to participate in the feminist contro versy which ended yesterday when the United States delegation at Montevidea agreed to sign subject to congressional approval, the equal nationality treaty, which has been called the greatest feirf inist triumph in history. Both sides of the controversy in this country hoped that Mrs. Roosevelt would enter the lists. The National Woman's Party, whose program for complete equality between men and women is opposed by Mrs. Roosevelt be cause of her advocacy of special labor legislation for women, sought her intervention in per suading the state department that it should instruct the delegation to vote for the treaty last Friday. The National League of Women Voters, with which Mr. Rooseveit has long been associated, opposed the treaty agreeing to equal na tionality rights for women on the ground that it was vague. The league favors in principle equal nationality status. The department cf state re quested Mrs. Roosevelt's opinion on the treaty before advising the delegation and she refused to give it. Mrs. Roosevelt announced when she came to the White House that she would express no view on con troversial public affairs. She has occasionally taken up the cudgels for equal pay for women and has spoken for the highly controver sial Tugwell-Copeland pure food and drug measure but in the Mon tevideo dispute she refused to in tervene to settle a national policy. WAR VETERANS RULING MADE Compensation Not To Be J Cut Over 25 Percent Re gardless Of Condition WASHINGTON, Dec. 21 (UP) —A ruling by Veterans Adminis trator Frank T. Hines, last night deflected the economy tax from approximately 170,000 World War veterans faced with serious re ductions in their government compensation. In effect, Hint's' decision stat es that in no case of directly service-connected disability may compensation be reduced by more than 25 per cent of the amount due notwithstanding improvement in the veteran's condition. It was based on an interpretation by J. O'C. Roberts, veterans ad ministration solicitor^ of the in dependent offices appropriation bill providing drastic reductions in ex-soldiers' benefits. "A contrary interpretation," said a statement by the adminis tration "would have meant a considerable cut in the total pay ment of veterans compensation during the present fiscal year." No attempt was made to esti mate the approximate amount saved the veterans by Hines' de cision because the sliding rate scale of payments makes compu tation virtually impossible, it was explained. U. S. Awaits Data On Yanks Held iOn Spy Charges WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. (UP) The state department will await full official information concern ing the arrest of two Americans in France on charges of espion age before injecting itself into the case, it was said yesterday. So far, only press reports of the arrest of Robert G. Switz and his wife, Marjorie Tillev, both of i New York, charged by French se cret service operatives with being the "brains" of a huge spy ring, have been received by the state department. Acting upon these reports. Act ing Secretary of State William Phillips cabled the American em j bassv ir Paris asking for a full report. . NEW DRASTIC GOVERNMENTAL CHANGES ARE BEING MADE QUIETLY AT THE CAPITAL I Affect Both Recovery And Fundamental Organi tion, Is Said COORDINATION AND ECONOMY ARE AIMS By C. C. NICOLET United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Dec. 21 (UP) —Drastic changes being maneu vered quietly and unobstrusively in the policies and structure of the government, showed them selves Wednesday in a collection of developments. The changes involve both the emergency re covery organization and tho older basic structure. Some uve the result of the administration's open policy of experimenting and changing its course when expen- j ments prove the futility of aj particular program. Others are in the interests of economy and better coordination between gov-1 eminent departments. The changes figuring in the j day's news include: 1. Abandonment of the old! agricultural adjustment adminis-' tration policy of sponsoring mar- j keting agreements to protect j farmers and consumers, signaliz- j ed by an order ending the Chi- J cago milk marketing agreement January 1. 2. Agreement between Attor-; ney General Cummings and Act-, ing Secretary Morgenthau to j commission all investigators of i the justice department alcoholic) beverage unit as internal revenue agents. This, in effect, cousoli-1 dates the old prohibition unit, with the treasury inspection forces, increasing the efficiency f of the administration drive toi o-ft rid of hootleercers. 3. White House verification J of reports that serious consid eration is being given to trans fer of the coast guard from the treasury to the navy. This would be a move in the inter ests of both economy of opera tion in efficiency. It would make easier the use of navy air- J planes and ships to prevent smuggling and would make the coast guard of greater value to the navy in emergencies through coordination of activities in normal periods. It would facilitate the work of combatting smugglers. 4. White House announce ment that state directors under the new national emergency council, who will be in direct charge of NltA code enforce ment will be directly respon sible to Frank Walker, tempo rary chairman. That really means directly responsible to President Roosevelt and offers a check on the NRA. Previ ously local code enforcement agencies have reported directly to the NRA. In addition, President Roose velt issued an executive order extending for four months the president's r e-e m plo y m e n t agreement, due to expire Dec. 31. This was an admission that the optimistic summer expecta tion of having all industry operating under codes by Jan-! uary 1 had not been lived up to, but nobody has expected in j recent months that the theore-i tical goal could be achieved.1 The four ' month extension, I carrying the agreement to May 1. had some significance, when i considered in connection with the recent announcement that the civil works program for re employment at government ex-i pense would be ended on the same date. It was indicated that May 1 had been accepted as a dead line for winding up the plas tic, temporary stage of the re covery program and establish ing instead the foundations of a nermainent structure. I The announcement that Se cretary of Agriculture Wallace I had terminated the Chicago milk agreement was, patenitally at least, the day's biggest news in Washington. This was the j i first agreement negotiated to i rehabilitate the dairy industry jand was followed by dozens of, ' other local compacts designed to j guarantee dairy . farmers a fair ' price without undue increases ' in the cost of milk to city con i sumers. Former Agricultural Adjust ment Administrator Peek be lieved that such marketing agreements would do more than any other course to aid farm ers generally. The entrenched liberals of the agriculture de partment had little sympathy1 i' with such agreements, favoring1 crop limitation and money man-' 1 (Continued on page three; Elected Rose Tourney Queen Ruler of a vast realm is Miss Treva Scott, 19, above—"Queen of the Seven Seas." A Pasadena junior college student, Miss Scott has been selected to reign at th? annual Tournament of Roses in the California city on New Year's Day. * BUSINESS HAS NEW STABILITY Federal Reserve Board's, Review Again Estima tes Conditions By RICHARD L. BRIDLEY United Press taff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Dec. 21 (UP) —Business activity regained its! stability in November after sharp j declines in the three preceding1 months, the December Federal Reserve bulletin reported yester day in a resumption of its monthly business survey. The issue of the bulletin for November eliminated its usual discussion of economic develop ments. A reference to a "mark ed decline in industries" under codes and processing taxes in the October report drew strong criti cism from Recovery Administra tor Johnson and Secretary of I Agriculture Wallace. After the \ printed November report was is sued, however, a mimeographed supplement with a business re view was discussed. "It appears on the basis of re pliminary figures," the Decem ber bulletin said vesterday "that the output of basic industries, which had declined considerably during the three months, August, September and October, showed relative stability during Novem ber, and the volume of construc tion undertaken continued to in crease, refueling chiefly expan sion of public works." The reserve board's business observations were similar to those contained in the Decem ber survey of current business published by the department of commerce, which reported that "the movement of the weekly in dicators suggests that the reces sion, which has been in process sincc July, may have come to an end during November." The December reserve bulletin made no reference to the admin istration's gold buying and dollar depreciation program which has met with criticism in business and banking circles but said that open market reserve bank gov ernment bond purchases were abandoned because of the large volume of excess reserves that had been piled up by purchases aggregating nearly $000,000,000 through the summer months. Abandonment of bond purchases was attributed in some quarters to disapproval of the administra tion money program. The bulletin, in discussing fi nancial developments indicated that increase in money in cir culation in the past three months was caused by increased require ments arising from a growth in (Continued on page three) IMPROVEMENT TASK BIGGEST IN U.S HISTORY Lowell Rejects Presidency Of Federal Cinema Code i Authority INJURED SIGNALMAN PREVENTS BAD WRECK WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. (UP) A total of 314,000 men will l>.« given jojbs for 12 months, or 628,000 men for six months under the rivers and harbors and flood control work now being directed bv army engineers, Secretary oi War Dern announced today. I)ern terms the President's pro gram for improvement the "most comprehensive development of ou national waterways in the history of the country. ASK DR. LOWELL TO RECONSIDER DECISION WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. (UP) Dr. A. Lawrence Lowell, president emeritus of Harvard, informed tin' NRA that he preferred not to serve as president of the motion picture code authority, it was learned today. It was indicated that both tho President and Director Johnson were making efforts to have Dr. Lowell reconsider his decision. LESS TAXES WOULD GIVE MILLIONS WORK WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. (UP) Exemption of the business man from surtax payments for certain lines of endeavor would result m work for 3,000,000 men and wo men, Roger Babson, noted econo mist, told President Roosevelt to day. SKULL FRACTURED HE AVOIDS WRECK OAKDALE, Tenn., Dec. 21.— (UP).—An injured C. N. 0. and T. P. signal man saved the Flor ida-bound Ponce de Leon train from a wreck today. W. C. Waters and R. C. Kelly started out on a rail motor car to inspect the electric block system 10 miles north of Oakdale. At 4 a. m. the car crashed into a land slide, throwing Waters and his buddy from the tracks and, alth > suffering a possible fracture at the base of the brain, he ran to flag down the fast train. Beautification Of Highway Is Okehd Project The local CWA office was noti fied yesterday afternoon that a project designed to beautify the Spartanburg highway from the county line to the city limits of East Flat Rock had been approved by the Raleigh CWA office. The project is one which was sponsored by the local Woman's club. It calls for the setting out of plants and shrubs along the highway from East Flat Rock to Saluda. The local office stated today that work would begin on the project immediately. A number of men will be employed in the work and will work under the su pervision of a trained man in placing the plants. TIME GUESSES Wo K?tme V.GOVEPfOR » OF JPBftSYUMB ' ? n WWSK> DFTHEZOOA IS THIS? Santa claus Thi9 is thenameofa village in what state ? For correct answers to these questions, please turn to page 5.