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Occasional showers tonight and Wednesday; little change in tem perature. i (Llrr (Ttmrs - Ketorjg GOOD AmMOOM TU N«w DmI mm u» jolur la Hw pack. VOL. 53—No. 224 3f HENDERSONV1LLE, N. C., TUES DAY; SEPTEMBER 18, 1934 SUKUJE CONES, FIVE CENTS y ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ y ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ League Reveals Vast A rms Traffic GERMANS PUSH PLANE OUTPUT UNDER HITLER Washington Arms Inquiry Unexpectedly Ampli fied by Data developingTaviation FORCES TESTIFIED TO By FREDERICK KUH United Preis Staff Correspondent JjKNKYA. Sept. 18.—(UP).— Kewlations in the Washington arms inquiry were unexpectedly amplified last night by publica tion of the League of Nations yearbook, including data on the traffic in arms and munitions. The figures are only up to 1932* but disclose that even then Ger many's immediate neighbors were importing large orders of arma ments. The yearbook's data was based ..n official governmental reports. It points out that traffic in ex plores frequently has been veil ed by listing as chemicals. The lawful traffic in 1932 was •riven as $33,934,000, the report siows. adding that in 1932 Hol land imported 1,212,000 pounds sterling worth of arms and muni tions from Great Britain and »!I»>.t»00 francs worth from Fiance. The yearbook states that the combined duties on Belgian, Pol ish and Swiss purchases on arma ments abroad in 1932 totaled S2.700.00. South American imports were s3.000,000, while Japan and China received $6,000,000 worth of arms in that year. According to their own figures, British and French armament ex port.- totalled approximately $10, 0DO.000. The United States re- J port divulged America exported! only S.'i,000,000 worth of arms, compared with $4,000,000 from Sweden. ' . . • WASHINGTON, Sept. 18. (UP).j (iernan airplane factories ^reat-i !y increased the number of their employes after Hitler came into nnwer an<l an American firm has "lil $1,445,000 worth of aviation equipment in the reich since Jan. 1. senate munitions investigators heaiil yesterday. Those statements were contain ed in correspondence of United Aircraft (.'o. officials. Senator Uerald P. Nye, committee chair man. read itno the record a let ter from a. Butterfield, United a:reran engineer in London, to Thomas F. Hamilton", the firm's I'aris a<;ent: "Ont« large airplane factory in Uerniany has doubled the number "i its «- iiployes since Hitler came into power. The next ranking '"iiipanv has tripled the number 1,1 employes in the same period." 1 i»it<-.l aircraft was the concern that sold the equipment to Ger many. 1" rancis H. Love, head of Uni ;e«l Aircraft's Export corpora tion, tf-ttified the firm's German »usine>s had increased steadily in Hfeent years. Youi sales are of a commer ua- nature?'* Nyc asked. Love said, "we never any military equipment to Germany. j'-hat would prevent that?" Have vou understood that engines m>M to Germany would, u-"e(| in planes for military purposes?" Xye asked *e understand just the con-: C" W' DeedS' ..(• i ot the company. i in ia f-f,use engines be used | ' lane* as well as com [ that ti °."es asked Senator Ar .... Wn'ieriberg.-— - could |bsr-/)®edd n *nued on p#ge\.fofrv President and His Pals Enjoy Cup Race Outing President Roosevelt was in holiday mood when he turned from cares of state to be a spectator at the America's Cup Races off Newport, R. I. Ready to pull for the American entry against the British challenger, he is shown here at the rail of Vincent Astor's yacht Nourmahal. With him, also, keenly ! enjoying the voyage, are his grandchlidren, Sistie and Buzzie Dall, and Astor. OPEN COUNTY I FAIR OFFICES Officials Announce Attrac tions for Week of October 8-13 Plans are going forward rapid ly for the Henderson county fair which will be held in Henderson ville, at the high school grounds, the week of October 8 to 13. All contracts have been signed by the Henderson County Fair Association, Inc., of which H. I>. Kelly, vice-president of the State ' Trust oompany, is president. John I L. Loy, secretary, and L. H. Mc- | Kay, treasurer. Rbbert Hallock I arrived last week and has estab- ! lished offices in the Chamber of j Commerce, for the fair associa-! tion, where he is making plans '■ for several outstanding events during the week of the fair. • Advertisements elsewhere in this paper give some idea of the several events that will take place, such as the Miss Hender sonviile popularity contest and the legal public wedding which will take place on the fair! grounds on Friday night of fair j week. The public wedding will j be in charge of Wm. J. Klinger, j Jr., who is a veteran in produc-j in*r public weddings. This "will i be the 89th public wedding which 1 he has staged all over the coun- (1 trv for fairs and organizations. The grand opening of the fair , will take place at 7 p. m. Monday night, October 8. On Tuesday will be the • crowning of the queen and awarding of prizes in the Miss Hendersonville per- • sonality contest. This contest ii» open to all of the young ladies in Henderson county between the ages of 16 and 22. Wednesday will be children's dav for all Hen- i derson county. The children will be admitted free to the fair on this day only. Thursday is ladies' day when all ladies will be ad mitted free to the fair. Friday hp been designated by the Fair ' * (Continued on page four) :ING; PART of famed TOWN burns ""."p., Alaska. Sept. IH. (UP) Armed vigilantes patrolled the str*ers hue today guarding the 100<l an»l clothing left after Are '•^troyed two-thirds of this fa ni()U> far northern mining camp. Kt-ti Cross survey indicated 'vr«- a-a> no danger of starvation *<»r he inhabitants. Temporary shelters have been provided for the homeless. blames levelled an area ten Mocks long and several blocks wide. The cause of the lire is un determined. J^eeaing temperatures .caused -'^•at suffering amaiwr the ^utpe* less. . Three coastguard cutters are iaang from Unalaska with sup plies for those made homeless. The new structures left stand ing were converted into tempor ary barracks. The government j radio station, one hotel, a ware house and a group of homes on the north side alone survived. The fire broke out yesterday afternoon. Fire department head quarters was among the first buildings destroyed. A 34-mile an hour wind added to the handi cap Under' which volunteer fire ,aaeA woW#dV dynamite was-^sed in ^' effort to halt advamc^of mf !hut the explosions only] scatteVed ' spirit* 'to other .'build ings. - *1 1*5 iijgjj r 1 Most of the destroyed build-] (Continued on page four.) J Liquor And Big Still Captured! Three Arrests Made; One Man Posts Bond The Henderson county sheriff's department, Township Constable Jerry Orr, and Federal Officer Norton captured a large distilling outfit and 40 gallons of liquor yesterday afternoon at the Wood chuck Lodge, near Lake Falls. Three people were arrested. They were W. A. Cook, who is under $1000 bond, and Ed Jen nings and his wife, both colored, who are in jail without bond. Taken in the raid were il fer menters, a 45-gallon copper still with cap connections, worm, cool er, and gas burner, 7 gallons of gasoline, a 40-gallon boiler five 10-gallon kegs, four 1-gallon jugs, a gas rectifier, a five-gallon torch, 150 feet of one-inch syphon hose, and 40 gallons of liquor. Prof. Smith On Blue Ridge Staff Prof. Edward N. Smith, of Richmond, Va.. is an addition to the faculty of the Blue Ridge School for Boys, which will soon jpen its 1934-35 session. Mr. Smith is a graduate of the University of Virginia, where he later took post-graduate work. For 12 years he was connected tvith the MeGuire University School, of Richmond, serving as issociate principal and instructor sf English and Latin, and for :hree years he was headmaster of S'orfolk Academy. For a number of years he was iirector of Camp Shawanogi, the | jldest and largest educational and recreational camp in Virginia. At j :he outbreak of the World war he ' jnlisted in the army and became . i commissioned officer in the field artillery. , Italian Military | Bill Is Approved ROME, Sept. 18. (UP).—Pre mier Mussolini's cabinet approved bills regulating national military preparations today. In addition to preparations, the measure pro vides for military training as an integral part of the national edu cation, beginning as soon as the boy is able to learn. PENNSYLVANIA BANK IS ROBBED OF $35,000, HAWLEY, Pa., Sept. 18. (UP) Fout armed and unmasked ban dits today robbed the Hawley bank of $35,000, holding two em ployes at bay while rifling the vault. Cherokee Indian Fair In Progress CHEROKEE, Sept. 18. — The 21st annual Cherokee Indian fair will open at Cherokee, capital of the Indian reservation, Tuesday morning. The fair will continue through Friday: The schedule of events will be as follows: 7:30 a. m., entrance gate open ed (daily); 10 a. m., archery and blow-gun contest (daily) 11a. m., old-time Indian dance (daily); 11:30 a. m.. singing contest be tween Indian choirs (Wednesday only); 11:30 a. m., baby show (Thursday only); 2 p. m., old time Indian dance (daily); 2:30 p. m., Indian ball game (daily); 7:30 p. m., old-time Indian dancc (Tuesday only); 7:30 p. m.,1 square dance and music by old time string bands (daily except Tuesday). All the entertainment features will be held on the fair grounds with the exception of the singing contest and the baby show, which will be held in the auditorium above agricultural hall. Bascom Lamar Lunsford, of A.sheville, a folk-lore authority, is in charge of the entertainment features this year. Special ampli fication facilities have been pro vided for announcements and vo :al features. CONSTITUTION FOES ASSAILED OVER NATION Jgden Mills, Bainbridge Colby and Others Back Fundamental Law DICTATORSHIP BY BRAIN TRUST SEEN BY UNITED PRESS Opponents of tht New Deal seized on Constitution Day, Mon day, for a concerted attack on manv of the fundamental policies of the Roosevelt administration. In speeches throughout the United States "constitutionalists" denounced "brain trust" measures as: Leading the American people toward a dictatorship; Threatening- freedom of speech and freedom of the press; Confiscating property of the frueral to care for the shiftless; Designed to create a gigantic I bureaucracy which can be turned into a self-perpetuating political machine; Tending towards a complete abdication of the powers of con gress "which would give the bu reaucrats the power to make laws as well as to execute them." Speakers included Ogden Mills, mentioned as a possible Republi can candidate for president; Oo!. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.; former Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby, and others. Most of the addresses dwelt at length on the central theme in former President Herbert Hoov er's new book—the alleged dan gers to personal liberty involved in "regimentation" features of "new deal" policies. CARPENTER'S HALL, Phila delphia, Sept. 18.— (UP).—"In this hall the Constitution of the United States, the sacred charter of our rights, was agreed to and adopted,'' declared Bainbridge Colby, in an address here last night in defense of the Constitu tion. He continued: "Demagogic voices are heard today endeavoring to make a cheap play upon words on the Constitutional guarantee of per sonal liberty. Men high in th>» government speak of it as only a liberty to oppress and exploit, and ask if there is not an over looked liberty—the liberty to live and to work and to eat. "This is rather a low type of political charlatanism. "The Constitution is expressly dedicated to the promotion of th» general welfare, and to securing the blessings of liberty. To that end it has ordained a system of" legal protection for the rights of every individual, and had provid ed apt means of protection against tyranny or oppression or arbitrary rule. "The unemployed of the mo ment and other victims of the de (Continued on pajre three) 2—ITS LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION This is the second of a series of six articles reviewing the his tory contents of the U. S. Constitution,1 in observance of "Con stitution Week" and the 147th anniversary of the Constitution's birth, Sept. 17, 1787. the people of the United States,fin order to form a more "» perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." By this simple, straightforward declaration, the makers of the Constitution of the United States gave out the basic law of the land. It is the Preamble to the Constitution. The 11 aricles that follow detail section by section the purpoges set forth in the Preamble. the first Article is most important. In 10 sections, it gives the composition, powers and limitations of both Houses of Coagre9B. In four ways the new Congress became much more important dnd powerful than the Congress under the Articles of Confederation. First, Congress could devise and collect taxes, without asking the help of the states. Second, it could raise and support armies and naval forjces with out state permission. i Third, it could regulate commerce among the states and with foreign countries. / Fourth, it could do all things necessary and proper to «;arry into effect the powers given it by the Constitution. The Constitution further provided that revenue-raising meas ures originate only in the lower House, and Congress had sole power to mint coins, declare war, establish post offices, and exer cise authority over what later became the District of Columbia. Finally, the states were prohibited from coining money and en tering into any treaty with foreign countries. Further, without consent of Congress, no state was permitted to keep troops or engage in war unless actually invaded, or lay and duties on im ports or exports. y NEXT: Defining the executive and judiciary powers. 1, F. R. MAY STILL TAKE HAND IN STRIKE, IS SAID Action Depends on Report To Be Made by Special Mediation Board STRIKE INCREASING TEAR GAS BUSINESS WASHINGTON, Sept. 18 (UP) —Tightening: of the textile strike HneR today indicated that Presi dent Roosevelt's personal inter vention ultimately may be re quired to settle the deadlock. Whether the President takes a hand was expected to be deter mined by th& special mediation board's report, requested before October 1, but possibly available earlier. SYMPATHETIC STRIKE CALL IS CONSIDERED WASHINGTON. Sept. 18 (UP) —John W. Young, president of Federal Laboratories, Inc., Pitts burgh, today told the Senate com mittee investigating the munitions business that the textile strike had increased the firm's tear gas business from five to ten per cent. Francis J. Gorman, national strike chief, recently protested to President Roosevelt against the use by national guardsmen on strike duty of guns, ammunition and other war material owned by the federal government. Meantime, developments in the capital yesterday threatened the jobs of an additional 275,000 tex tile and garment workers. The executive council of the United Textile Workers was to meet today to decide on whether 100,000 carpet and synthetic ray on employes shall be called out to swell the strikers' ranks. The NRA advisory council re jected the cotton garments code authority proposal for revision of an order by President Roosevelt which reduced working hours from 40 to 36 a week, maintains present hourly rates and increases piece rates 10 per cent. At a rtieeting in New York members -of the industry issued reports they would not obey the order. Union leaders have made all preparations to call out 176, 000 garment makers on October 1 when the order becomes effec tive unless industry accepts it. AGED COUNTY RESIDENT DIES Rites for Mrs. Sally Hoots Being, Held at Mt. Mo riah Today Mrs. Sally Rogers Hoots, 77, | died suddenly on Monday after-1 noon at 2 o'clock at the Home of her daughter, Mrs. Eliza Nix, wife of M. A. Nix, of Point Lookout. Mrs. Hoots died suddenly while sitting in a rocking chair. She was the widow of Andrew | Hoots, who died 14 years ago, and had spent all her life in Hen derson county. She was a member of the Mt Moriah church and funeral serv ices were being held there this afternoon at 2 o'clock. Burial was to follow in the cemetery there. She is survived by the follow ing children: A. L. Hoots, Mrs. M. A. Nix, Mrs. Lura Nix, Mrs. Dovie Williams of Spindale, Hil liard HootSj and Louis Hoots. She is also survived by one brother, Tom Newman, of Ebenezer. FERA Teachers Meet Supervisors Here Wednesday) Mrs. J. M. Day, of Asheville, district supervisor of adult educa tion under the FERA, will be in Hendersonville for a conference with local teachers who will carry on this work, on Wednesday at 11 a. in. ' • The conference will be held atl the city hall and will be attended by the Henderson county teach ers engaged .in this work. The public is also invited to attend. * - ' r- ' v u • i i . Pepperell Mills In Maine Close Arrests Made as Keystone Meeting Broken up BIDDEFORD, Maine, Sept. 18. r--(UP).—Threats of violence If workers remained on the job, forced the closing: of Pepperell Mills, the largest textile plant in the state. Th« plant employs 3600 textile work* «t. LANCASTER, Pa., Sept. 18.— (UP),,—Three were arrested and several Injured when police broke up a demonstration by 600 pick ets atfcxhpting to close the Stehti Silk, Tnc., plant, which is operat ing1 despite the strike. C L BAKER PASSES AWAY Brother of A. F. Baker of This City; Rites Thurs day at Fletcher C. Lincoln Baker of Asheville, a brother of F. Baker of Hen dersonville, died at Asheville, on Monday, S«pt. 17, at the age of TO years. He was a native of Tunbridge Wells, England, and came to the United States in 1913, residing with his son at! Arden for several years. • He leaves a widow, two sons, | a daughter, one grandchild, a brother, A. F. Baker, and two sis-1 ters, Mrs. Emily Barden. of Ra-| leigh,'and - Mm. Eva Wicker of Hendersonrille. • Funeral services- and interment will be at Calvary cemetery, at Fletcher, on Thursday afternoon. Mr. Baker was well known to.a number of residents of Hender sonville. STRIKE BY COPPER WORKERS IS ENDED BUTTE, Mont., Sept. 18. (UP) Montana's paralyzing 135-day copper workers' strike was ended officially last night. ' ' Union workers voted more than two to one to accept a comprom ise hour and wage offer from the Anaconda Copper Mining com pany and to return to work. The. official vote,, announced by Thomas Brown, president of the International Mine, Mill and Smel ter Workers union, showed: 2643 for acceptance, and 1105 against. STEAL IRON BENCHES FROM CEMETERIES NEWARK, N. J., Sept. 18. (UP) A new form of larceny was uncov ered, police said, when they ar rested two men on charges of the wholesale theft of iron benches from cemeteries. The prisoners, Henry J. Fitzgerald and Isaac Morris, allegedly entered grave yards at night with a truck, load ed up benches, and took them away to sell them. DREAM COMES TRUE TOPSFIELD, Mass., Sept. 18.— (UP)—Thomas Grey, 26-year-old bus driver, dreamed he wa* killed in an accident. His wife attempt ed to dissuade him from entering a motorcycle race at the Topsfleld fair. He was killed when the mo torcycle he was riding in: a *0 mile sweepstake skidded, throwing him. CRACK TRAIN WRECKED LAWRENCEVILLE, III., Septf. 18.—(UP).—The Egyptian flyer, :rack Big Four passenger train was wrecked when it demolished i truck at crossing here today. Fireman George Mobley, 55, wu killed and two occupants of the truck seriously injured. ISO STRIKERS HELD PRISONED AT ARMY FORI Military Trials Will B< Held When Peace . Fully Restored 2000 MENBACK IN J STATE MILLS TODATr ______ ATLANTA, Sept. 18.—(UP) Commanders of Georgia Nations Guard, using bayonets to back up manufacturers in an effort t< break the textile strike, reported today the campaign is succeeding. Four more mills reopened, mak| ing a total of 29 to reopen sincej| martial law wag proclaimed. Adjutant General Lindley W. Camp announced military trial? will be givea 160 pickets held at; Fort McPherson. S. A. Hollihan, state strike di rector, planned to confer during, the day with Camp, saying h<* would pro teat against the troop* refusing to let the strickers picketf peacefully. . Ten North Carolina mills havetj reopened, making-the total 10 toj reopen in two days. No violence! is reported.. • ATLANTA, Sept. 18.—(UP)-J Martial law, sternly enforced by 4000 National Guardsmen, is be ing nsfd to 'wrest the Georgia tex tile mills from the grip of one of! the greatest strikes in American history. ; • • > • ' r Authorities predicted that the end of the day will find at least two-third$ ©f the state's textile' mills in opetaion. T. M. Forbes, secretary of the Georgia Cotton Manufacturers as sociation said today.that fi7 mills' are running and 67 others are1 eloped. Twenty-five mills were re. opened yesterday,; the first day of Governor Talmadge's order, de daring that martial law auto* matically went in force wherever strike disorders occurred in thej state.; Governor Talmadge today ig nored the criticism of Francis J.l Gorman, strike chairman, who as-' sailed tfee governor's action of im prisoning 150 pickets, including 13 women, in f barbed wire en-; closure at Fort McPherson. Other southern strike sectors were quiet today. 'The prison camp, reminiscent of wartime days, was erected hastily on the militia rifle range.} near Fort McPherson, U. S. Army Fourth Corps Area headquarters. Barber wire was strung around a group of tents put up to house the prisoners. Officers indicated that these men and women and any oth«m caught violating Governor Tal madge's edict that "flying squad rons must go" would be held un til all disturbances ended. Mills reopening yesterday in eluded 11 at Griffin, and the Bibl Manufacturing company mills at Porterdale and Columbus, when, troops maintained order. Thret Bibb Mfg. Co. mills also reopenei at Macon under protection of 20( heavily .armed policemen and spe cial officers. Some fist fights bu no serious disorder occurrod a Macon. Troops were not on dutv at Macon, although local militiij units were mobilised. Where National Guard unit Were stationed, they usually erect1 ed cotton bale barricades and KB: up machine gun nests at mill en trance* The soldiers wert arme with full fUld and riot equipment I including pistols, automatic rifle and tear gas guns. Meanwhile,' an estimated 200' men returned to work in Nort' Carolina as additional mills xt opened under troops protectfck Thirty-eight militia unite oir dui. throughout the state prevent** Any- major disturbances. Fift pickets were arrested at Tarbor and released ... j CUBAN PALACE UNDER GUARD I AS NEW OUTBREAK IS FEARED . —r u+ a J HAVANA, Cuba, Sept * it.— (UP) —Machine guns were placed at the main entrances and' the soldier guard wag doubled at the presidential palace tonight an ru mors of a radical revolutionary outbreak circulated in the city. Police, armed with rifles, .< searched automobiles and pedes trians throughout the city. Mem bers of the A. B. C. political or ganization removed files and rec- « ords from headquarters in the Manzana de Gomez building, fear ing an attack. ' v' , -Three men armed with maehina guns kidnaped Carlos Garrida, editor of the opposition newfpa* per La Voz last night when hi w*» leaving the Union club on u>; Mulecon. s ^ " | NEUTRALITY VIOLATION } CHARGES ARE DROPPED i MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 18, (VP),; Fifteen natives of' Cuba, Sam' Domingo and Puerto Rica, chair1 »d with violating: TJnite'd Stat neutrality laws, were released y« terday. Jose M. Pichardo, Dominica, :onsul, dropped the charges r<| lack of evidence that,the men we)} allied with *■ band of men accustj. »f smuggling arnp and ammunfc tion. jntq Cuba to foment a polite caTuprisU*, i The men were placed aboatcfl train for Key West last night, '