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The times-news. [volume] (Hendersonville, N.C.) 1927-current, September 20, 1934, Image 1

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Probable showers tonight and
Friday; little change in tempera
VOL. 53—No. 226
No hwricane* or flood* ihovld
be acheduled daring October. All
the Red Cross people will boawajr
at a convention in Tokio.
ustice Agents Converge
On New York As Deve
lopment Looms
WASHINGTON, Sept. 20. —
I'P)—One Richard Hauptmann
at been arrested in New York
St* in the first big break in the
i»o-vear-o!d Lindbergh kidnaping
ivjterv Attorney General Ho
ler S. Cummings announced:
Hauptmann is known to have
»»»ed some of the Lindbergh ran
»m money, some of the Lindbergh
lonev Has been found in aubstan
a! amounts in Hauptmann't
ome since his arreat," the attor
«v general said.
i NEW YORK. Sept. 20. (UP).
■ t • Press learned today
Ay ii tified suspect has
Be-- wrested in the Lindbergh
Hdnaping ase. climaxing a series.
Hf my«t( is police maneuvers
H<e.- h the sudden arrival
Ht Street police station
Bf ' gar Hoover, of the Unit
Be! it-partment of justice,
I' . H. Norman Schwartz
■ r n Jersey state police,
ir L tenant James E. Finn,
r t operative, assigned to
la- • case exclusively.
Po.'ice Commissioner John F.
)R;.a- wa^ also present, lemiinjr
rr?r*th to report:* that an impor
pr: r-ak was imminent.
K. Young. president of the
Federal Laboratories, of Pitts
burgh. told the Senate munitions
committee today that he offered
!• sell tear >ras patents, manu
fac* -.nut: processes, and formulae
to 'he Japanese government in
British Yacht Is
l eading In Heat
NEWPORT. Sept. 20.—(UP).
[ " " S'.pwith today brought
h challenger. Endeav
or. a- ;rtd the halfway mark
t_ i i of Harold S. Vander
1 " \v in the third luat
i: • ica's Cup race.
Atteir; .n was called today to
i • r.ristian Harmony sinjr
wh h was announced some
irce a,:', to he held at the Eto
Methodist church, Sunday,
*Pt. 21 Carl M. Anders asks
"at a. attending this event
>r:ntr r Christian Harmony
j>n? rvx»ks, and ample basket
Miner and help to make this
r'p Neatest day the old folks
* evi?r had." These singings
a;ways especially arranged
r'r 'Heir enjoyment.
Flames Wipe Out Nome, Famous Gold Rush Town
Almost every building in the world's most famous jrold rush town, Nome, Alaska, was reduced to ashes
as a wind-fanned fire swept from block to block after starting at the Golden Gate Hotel, rendering 1,
500 persons homeless. The highly inflammable nature of the buildings, most of them of wooden fram >.
; construction. is clear from the above picture. The absence of trees is due to the bitter Arctic colu
j that *rrips the community most of the year.
Vote On Issue Should
Have Been Last Novem
ber Court Rules
I RALEIGH. Sept. 20.— (UP) —
Carolinians will not vote on the
| adoption of the proposed new
state constitution at a general 1
November election, as a result of
the Supreme court's decision late
yesterday, declaring last Novem
ber's repeal referendum a "gen
eral election."
Under the existing state law,
constitutional amendments must I
| be voted upon at the first general
election following the general as
I semblv which passed upon the
amendment. Since the repeal vote
^was ruled a "general election,"
the crmjing November balloting
would coh^titute the second gen
eral electiwN since the last gen
eral assembly/ vv
The Supreme court ruling, re
quested last week by Governor J.
C. B. Ehringhaus, was handed
down late yesterday afternoon.
Chief Justice W. P. Stacy,
Judges W. J. Brogden, George
, Connor and Michael Schenck made
1 the following reply to Ehring
j haus:
"Your communication presents
the following question: Was the
election held on Tuesday after the
first Monday, pursuant to chapter
403, public laws 1933, 'the next
general election' following1 the
meaning of section 2, article XIII
of the constitution?
"The undersigned, each for
himself, answers the question pro
pounded in the affirmative."
Justice Heriot Clarkson voiced
a concurrent opinion.
^Suspension Of Bankhead Cotton Act
flay Result From Parley Saturday
K'orks Hardship On Small Growers, Says Senator
Kussell; Roosevelt Could Declare Emergency Over
„ the Bankhead
r"' ' • "> control act
r. <>d as the result
« *.ht s; c■,■, year was
fort-see? • hv cotton ex
perts of the AAA.
I SeereUrj ulture Henry
IA. W.auace announced that he
proulfj confer with a concession
al delegation from the cotton
1 :ri: states on Saturday in
[rtirard to the future of the act
'>"• ne production of
tn< a - ' year to less than
i.5 m i I/O ha'.f s.
a admitted that unfav
orable reports had been receiv
— on v.- working of the law.
He .aid that President Roosevelt
I co. Id suspend the law by declar
I'nd the emergency ceases to ex
lr was learned that the legal
"faff of the AAA is investigating
|th«* possibility of termination of
the ^ct.
Senator Richard B. Russell, Jr. I
D., Ga., has informed Wallace'
that the law is working: a hard-'
ship on the small cotton planter.
The act also has aroused geo
graphical questions because some
areas have had favorable grow-1
ing conditions while others have!
not. I
Weather conditions, however,
in the western cotton belt, which I
was hard hit by the drouth, im-1
proved during the last week.
Rains and overast skies were un
favorable to the crop in the east
ern section.
The delegation which is sche
duled to confer with Wallace
will be headed by Senator John
H. Bankhead, D., Ala., who with
his brother Rep. William Bank-j
head, D.. Ala., authored the law. j
Sen. Bankhead declared Tues-(
day night that all cotton pro
(Contmued on page three) 1
Farm Mortgage
Relief Law Is Held:
Invalid By Court
Roosevelt Had Been Ex
pected To Veto Bill; |
Cummings Ruled
BALTIMORE, Md.. Sept. 1»0.—
(UP)—The Frazier-Ijemke law
authorizing millions of the na
tion's debt-ridden farmers to
tramp into federal courts and re
duce their obligations, was held
unconstitutional yesterday by
Federal Judge W. Calvin Chest
Judge Chestnut held that the
act violates the rights of creditors
as outlined in the 14th amendment
to the constitution and that it
seeks to supercede the rights of
state courts.
As passed bv the 73rd congress,
the act enables a farmer to appear
in court and obtain a revaluation !
jf property on which mortgages
tiave been issued. He would be al
lowed five years in which to meet
jeerued indebtedness on the prop
erty during which time he would
be permitted to continue to live
:>n it and pay a rental fee.
The measure was not proposed
by the administration and was en
acted only after Senator Huey P.
Long, Democrat, Louisiana, and
others threatened to filibuster the
closing days of congress unless
the act received the approval of
the senate.
There was considerable doubt
Df its constitutionality and the
(Continued on page two)
Ehringhaus Hits
At N. Thomas
Says Latter Could Have
Speeded Troops, Recall
CHARLOTTE, Sept. 20. (UP).
After spending two days in North
Carolina strike areas, Norman
Thomas, socialist leader, left to
day for Hyde Park to tell Presi
dent Roosevelt of "the disgrace
ful conditions iji the strike area."
Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus
last night dispatched a speedy re
ply to a telegram from Norman
Thomas, outstanding socialist,
charging that the presence of
troops "invites" disorder instead
of controlling it.
Thomas "earnestly entreated"
the governor to recall troops. He
accused them of slaying Riley "in
a citizen's home by troops acting
like a mob." Indicting the troops
farther, Thomas declared the
state's policy is "Hitlerizing North
The governor's reply was as
"Your wire is wholly at vari
ance with facts reported to me.
Had you*spent your time and tal
ents while in North Carolina in
appeals for law observance in
stead of excitations to disorder,'
you could have done much to
ward expediting the removal of
troops,' '
Or. Pell And OtherSf Ad
dress Students; Welcome
By Local Leaders
Dr. R. P. Pell, former president
of Converse college, addressed the
student body at the opening of
the 1934 term of Fassifern school
this morninpr at 10 o'clock in the
school assembly hall.
Dr. Pell spoke briefly on the
subject of studying, laying: partic
ular stress on two bad habits of
studying that are prevalent among
Stating that the real business
of any educational institution is
the training of students to certain
mental habits, he spoke first of
the bad habit of memorizing for
a certain period, in order to be
prepared for one day's recitation
and not for any lengthy period of
time. Memory depends on purpose
and if work is memorized solely
for the purpose of meeting one
day's recitation, the real useful
ness is lost. The true purpose of
memory is preparation for life,
to fix one's purpose for one's en
tire life.
The second habit, far worse
than the first, according to Dr.
Pell, is the habit of studying what
one liktes, and not studying what
one dislikes. Some schools, in pre
paring teachers, stress the idea
(Continued on page three)
Chicago Police
Officer Is Slain
CHICAGO, Sept. 20. (UP) —
Police Lieutenant John F. Day,
66, member of the force here for
40 years today was found beaten
to death in a vacant lot a block
away from a police station. His
pockets had been turned inside
Two Irrigation Canals And
Oriental Farmer's Home
Are Dynamited
PHOENIX, Ariz., Sept. 20. —
(UP)—New violence against Jap
anese farmers broke out in the
Salt River valley yesterday when
night riders bombed two irriga
tion canals and a home, flooding
20 acres on a farm operated by
an oriental.
The valley, one of the largest
artificial irrigation projects in
the world, has been the scene of
bitter strife between American
farmers and aliens for several
The bombings were reported to
the sheriff's office more than 12
hours after they' occurred by M.
Ishikawa, who claimed he was an
American citizen. Part of the
farm leased by Ishikawa was
flooded and his home was badly
.idamaged by a bomb tossed into
an adjacent canal.
A second b >mb set off in a canal
near the hori.~ of Fred Okuma
failed to do damage, the sheriff's
office reported.
Both Japanese were frightened
and excited when they appealed
to Sheriff J. R. McFadden for
protection. They said further vio
lence against their countrymen
was feared.
The bombings are the culmina
tion of a controversy over the
alien land law which started in
the valley more than three weeks
ago. American farmers of the val
ley at one time served notice on
the aliens that they must move or
they would be removed forcibly
from the land they are farming
on lease.
J. Tamura, secretary of the
Japanese Association of Arizona,
reported that six automobiles fill
ed with men drove to the valley
home of D. Tadano last week and
(Continued on page four)
The Mountain Home Baptist
church has called the Rev. S. F.
Huntley as its pastor. Rev. Mr.
Huntley will preach at that
church the fourth Sunday in each
This is the fourth of a series of six articles reviewing the history
and contents of the U. S. Constitution, in observance of "Consti
tution Week" and the 147th anniversary of the Constitution's
birth, Sept. 17, 1787.
0 sooner was the Constitution ratified than than several basic
- - objections were made. In fact, some of the states ratified
the document on condition that certain amendments be added that
would protect the states from invasion of their rights by the
national government.
Those amendments, numbering 10, were soon designated popu
larly as the "Bill of Rights." They were proposed at the first
session of Congress, Sept. 25, 1789 and declared in force, Dec.
15, 1701.
Amendment No. 1—Guarantees freedom of religion, of speech,
and of the press; and gives right of peaceable assemblage and
petition. «
Amendment No. 2—Provides the right to bear arms.
Amendment No .3—Forbids quartering of soldiers in private
homes in time of peace.
Amendment No. 4—Forbids "searchers and seizures" without
Amendment No. 5—Guarantees jury trial and other rights of
accused persons; forbids taking of private property without "just
- » 1— V15_
Amendment J\o. <>—-Uives iurxner guarau«eea ux gpccuj,
and impartial trials in criminal cases.
Amendment No. 7—Guarantees the right of jury trial in suits
at common law.
Amendment No. 8—Prohibits excessive bail, excessive fines, and
"cruel and unusual punishment."
Amendment No. 9—Reserves to the people the rights not enu
merated in the Constitution.
Amendment No. 10—Reserves to the states, or to the people,
the rights not delegated to the United States.
The last two amendments above—No. 9 and No. 10—were de
signed to prevent encroachment of the federal government upon
the rights of the states as well as upon those of the citizens.
NEXT: The next eleven amendments.
"So Unstrung" By Fire
He "Ignored Things He
Should Have Done"
NEW YORK, Sept. 20.—(UP).
—George Alagna, assistant radio
operator of the burned Ward
liner, Morro Castle, today told the
federal board of inquiry that Act
ing Captain W. F. Warms was so
unstrung by the Morro Castle fire
that "he did not know what it was
all about."
Alagna declared that Warms
had "ignored things which should
have been don*," in describing
how he vainly begged for orders
to send an SOS while the ship
NEW YORK, Sept. 20.— (UP)
Federal investigators, seeking to
learn whether man or machine
failed when the $5,500,000 lux
ury liner Morro Castle burned at
sea with a loss of 134 lives, yes
terday heard testimony which
placed the blame on man.
Witnesses testified that at the
most critical moments of the dis
aster a series of orders were is
sued from the bridge which, if
executed, would have sent the
doomed liner whirling in aimless
Great emphasis was put on the
first 30 minutes after the fire was
discovered — the period during
which it swept through the writ
ing room and lounge of the Mor
ro Castle.
In that half hour, management
of the big liner and operation of
fire fighting apparatus was para
mount. Upon the men on the
bridge, along the decks and in the
smoke-filled engine room depend
ed the fate of some 550 souls
And this, witnesses said, is
what happened:
1—A series of nine orders
came from the bridge over the
telegraph system to the engine
room in the brief space of 11
2—The last order—full speed
ahead on port engine and full
astern on starboard—would have
left the liner whirling crazily in
the sea if it had been executed.
3—The fourth officer, Howard
(Continued on page three)
Blue Ridge Season Inau
gurated Auspiciously;
Rev. Moser Speaks
Blue Ridge for Boys opened
its twenty-first session this morn
ing: with appropriate exercises at
the school auditorium.
The session opened with a
larger enrollment than at the
session last year and with a
promising outlook for one of the
most successful sessions in the
history of the school.
Students at the school are rep
resentative of ten states of the
nation, and there are four stu
dents enrolled from Cuba.
The students and parents and
friends assembled in the school
auditorium this morning for the
official opening exercises, and
heard an inspiring address by the
Rev. Claude H. Moser, pastor of
the First Methodist church of
Prof. J. R. Sandifer, headmas
ter of the school, extended words
of welcome to the old students
returning to their school work,
and welcomed the new students
to the institution.
Prof. Sandifer then introduced
members of the faculty to the
students. A number of new
teachers are in the faculty this
Football at the school will be
gin immediately with a squad of
18 players under Coach Robert
Morris and E. N. Smith. The
first game of the season will be
with Spartanburg high at Spar
tanburg on Friday,; September
The Hilltoppers will play a
hard schedule, meeting in addi
tion to Spartanburg, Asheville
high, Riverside academy, and
Bailey Military academy teams
in succession.
Radio Simplifies
David Sarnoff, president of the
Radio Corporation of America,
announces that successful experi
ments have been conducted by his
organization's engineers in the
transmission of pictures by ultra
short radio waves. The imminent
perfection of the process will
make possible a telephoto service
requiring only a few seconds in
transmission at a small fraction
of the cost of present methods.
Harbin Charges Invasion
And Investigation Is
HARBIN, Manchukua, Sept. 20.
(UP).—Charges that the Soviet
government has erected fortifica
tions on the Manchukuo side of
the Soviet-Manchukuo line were
voiced by the Manchukuo foreign
office yesterday.
The alleged invasion occurred
near the junction of the Snugari
and Amur rivers.
Manchukuo filed a protest and
an investigation is proceeding,
the announcement added.
PARIS, Sept. 20.—(UP).—
Japan intends to demand naval
equality in the forthcoming world
naval conference, it was reliably
reported today. This point was
asserted to have been reiterated
in recent communications be
tween the Tokyo government and
France, definitely defining the po
sition Tokyo has decided to take
during the London parley.
The United Press was informed
that Japan's position on naval
affairs at London would include,
first of all, naval equality—that
is, all parties to a treaty would
be entitled to construct as much
as they desired within a maxi
mum limit on tonnage; the limi
tation of capital ships to a ton
nage much smaller than that
fixed at Washington; and radical
reductions in aricraft carriers. I
Gorman Calls Out 20,000
Dyers As Mills Continue
To Resume
—The textile strike was extended
into another branch today when
Francis J. Gorman ordered 20,
000 dyers to strike on Monday.
The call was issued as Secre
tary Perkins and Governor Win
ant conferred with President
Roosevelt at Hyde .Park on means
of settling the strike.
It is believed in unofficial quar
ters that the visit of Secretary
Perkins and Governor Winant to
Hyde Park portended an early
nove by the President to end the
Secretary of Labor Frances Per
kins and Governor John G. Win
ant, of New Hampshire, chairman
of the textile strike inquiry board
left this morning for Hyde Park
to discuss the strike with Presi
dent Roosevelt, who is reported
alarmed over the strike and to be
considering action to end it.
Strike Chairman Francis J.
Gorman said that he planned this
afternoon to plan 20,000 dyers to
strike, effective Monday, unless
union demands are met by noon
NEW YORK. Sept. 20.—(UP) j
George A. Sloan, chairman of the j
cotton textile code authority to- i
day said that at least 75 per cent
of the southern textile mills will
be in normal operation next week
with a full complement of em
ployes. His statement was made
on the basis of a survey, results j
of which he received today.
Sloan based his prediction • on iJ
the claim that more than t\*o
thirds of the South's 300,000 tex- ji
tile workers are now on *he job. j
ATLANTA, Sept. 20.—(UP), j
—Textile workers today prepared
to resume strictly regulated pick- i
eting under the terms of a par- !
tial truce between labor union I
leaders and state military authori- {
After conferring with Adjutant '
General Lindley Camp, S. A. Hoi- .
lihan, Georgia strike chairman, j
prepared to send a bulletin to all
local committees advising union ,
leaders that flying squadron ac
tivities be barred.
In the order, pickets are for
bidden to carry arms and will op
erate in restricted numbers con
fined to striking employes of the
mill picketed.
Two more mills were opened
today, at Griffin and Summerville. '
T. M. Forbes, secretary of the
Georgia Cotton Manufacturers as
sociation said that 87 mills were i
in operation and 60 are closed.
It was reported here that in
North Carolina, 319 mills were |
operating today and 173 were
closed, while South Carolina had !
110 operating and 82 closed.
' CALCUTTA, Sept. 20. (UP) ,
Forty-flve persons were drown- j
ed when a boat was capsized by i
the wind off Noakhali, near the
mouth of the Ganges.
Unification Of Catholic And German j
Protestant Churches Is Aim Of Nazis '
• " il
Mueller Warns AH Unable To Cooperate Must Keep 1
Out Of The Way; Hitler May Arbitrate
HANOVER, Germany, Sept. 20.
(UP) — Rflichsbishop Ludwig
Mueller revealed yesterday that
unification of the Catholic and
Protestant churches into one
great Reichs church was an ulti
mate aim of Nazis in Germany.
His bold program for apparent
abolition of Catholicism and all
denominations of Protestantism as
now practiced in the third Reich
was outlined in an address.
"We want the church free from
Rome," Bishop Mueller cried to
a startled audience, "and we are
fighting for one church for the
Anyone unable to cooperate in
creation of such a church, he
warned, "must keep out of the
way, or I shall cope with them."
The reference was generally in
terpreted as a challenge to the
Vatican to halt the Nazi unifies
tion of all forms of religious wor
ship into one great Christian
church, praying to the same God,
if it could.
Rei<tfisbishop Mueller, who is an !
appointee of Reichsfuehrer Adolf
Hitler and his lieutenant in relig- 1
ious affairs, referred to the Nazi
anti-Jewish policy, demanding /
Christfans support it fully,
. ji
MUNICH, Germany, Sept. 20. ;!
(UP)—Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hit
ler is planning personally to take
charge of efforts to settle the ri»- jj
ing storm within the German '
Evangelical church, it was report- ij
ed reliably today. •
He was said to be preparing to
summon a conference of leaders |
in the Evangelical church in Be^> •
lin to arbitrate under his leader^ j
ship, after failure of recent nego- j
tiations umong church authoritiea,
~ \ ' ' 'TO

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