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Mostly clouJy and cooler to /lifht with scattered showers prob. jfclv rndin« Tuesday forenoon. (Tltf Suites - Keuts Largest Daily I ircuJationoLAny Newspaper in North Carolina in Proportion to Population 57—No. 38 HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1938 GOOD AFTERNOON More than 800,000. EnglUh wo men sign t petition to Parliament. So now Britain'! miniitert are pen-pecked. SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS [INT U. S. MAY LEAD IN NAVAL RACE .. iVl V M V ...... O V V •• For Corn Show Destroyers in Full Dress Drill >Vkh :ht- : the entire world centered on new armaments, I'nde Sa... stills :.vo of his newest destroyers churning through aciric var---. as -hown above, serving notice that America can protecC tr The nt-w vessels, most modern in design and •<iuip»u-nt. look as grim as though bound on a belligerent mission. Ictually. they ui«* »«neaj:ing in annual practice maneuvers off the lest coait. i ^ I Britain Unveils Singapore Base To Effect New Far East Naval Era I. S. FLEET IN HARD DRILLS Surprise Move Comes as Second Intensive War Game Called , SAN DIKGO. Ca».. Feb. 14.— ll'Pi— America's most powerful r»cetime navy ploughed out to pa today in intensive war jrames ['•r -ovind time in as many ►•Vv-. I y • ;ch maneuvers held BOr* tr.an once a month, lu: < »t!!.aas, fleet maneu r - « i|. >i more each «t*k. V i • t S. >. New Mex k A :• u ( la .rl.- ('. Hloch, com - : - • d armada of 'Ir'-a'inaughts. 12 heavy r v. viral Hurht cruisers. a: ;» 'v eijfht sub Zil: 1 ii'-stroyers, and near • . u - - i bombers a >*cret rendezvous off the Ca» a coast. Ad _ n' . _ ';ir flacrship, the S. Pi -in-yivan: t, was under bill •• t ••• pp-d anchor '• '< ' . -tallv .van assumed the: v. ;Iil ho no more mass '•ir.'-uvers until the warships f; avuy from their bases on "*rcH 1| to participate in fleet problem l'j — the annual war t;"/- which will keep the war K-'-Jt at sta f"r six weeks, during eh they will cover the entire lr<::» ■ i' d by the California Aleutian "islands, Panama, and Hawaii. ^*t Monday the a'reraft battle 0: • I'Mvi speeded up its ac *■«.*. when what were termed j^^her drills" were ordered for |* Panes based on the carriers ^ut.jga, Hanger and Lexington. (Continued on page four) Reports Florida Season Is Good fcturn'Vtf ^ '"iamson, who has Sb in Jr°™ a st.ay of sevt*ral in,- 1,"... '" '"'a. brings encourag k*te 'rts °» business from that LHr', Ui liamson says there are ' 'fnbeis of visitors in Flor •fbc.-i-' w,nter and that all lines v a'v doing well. He was .,.n,P,'^ed with reports WttK. i \ Ul' "'erehants, who in ^ that trade is *rood. U. S,. French and Holland Warships Present; Any Significance Denied By RICHARD C. WILSON Copyright, 1938, by United Press SINGAPORE, Feb. 14. (UP).| Great Britain today unveiled the mightiest bulwark of her far flung empire's defenses — the 5100,000.000 "Gibraltar of the far east" guarding Singapore straits—in a ceremony that was interpreted as a grim warning to any power that might attempt to infringe on British holdings in' the Orient. The official opening, attended by the civil governor, Sir Shen ton Thomas, was held in the pres ence of 10,000 persons and the warships of three friendly powers —the United States, France and Holland—but the secrets of the giant fortifications were closely guarded. The presence of the foreign warships, including the light cruisers Memphis, Trenton and Milwaukee of the American fleet which arrived here Sunday morn ing on a "courtesy visit," was re garded with almost as much in terest as the opening of the big naval base. Officially the commander of the American Flotilla denied that there was any "significance" to the visit of the U. S. warships. "We are here simply as guests and onlookers," Rear Admiral J. C. Townsend, told the United Press correspondent. "The fact (Continued on page four) AUSTRIA AND GERMANY WILL EXTEND, STRENGTHEN '36 PACT VIENNA, Feb. 14. (UP).— Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigp and Fuehrer Adolf Hitler are nego tiating1 an agreement supplement ing the Austro-German accord of July, iyy(>, it was said today in usually reliable quarters. It was hoped, informants said, that Hitler could announce the agreement in his speech to the reiehstag next Sunday. As the report of the negotia tions was received, Schuschnigg received General Karl Bardloff, a leader of the moderate wing of Austrian Nazis. It was reported that, under an agreement sought as the result of a conference between Hitler and Schuschnigg at Hitler's Bavarian mountain retreat Saturday, sub versive activitie of Austrian Nazis would be denounced and that, in return, Austria would make important concessions to the "national opposition." These concessions, it was re ported, would include an amnesty to Austrian Nazis now imprison ed, reinstitution of officials who had been dismissed for Nazi ac tivities, and the granting of some freedom of action to the "nation al opposition" within the frame work of the government's father land front. It was said that the agreement also would seek to in tensify Austro-German relations. General doubt as to the real background of the Hitler - Sch nuschnij*£ conference continued. Several hundred workers at two suburban factories sought to hold a meeting before they start ed work this morning, to protest against the possibility that the Nazification of Austria might be threatened. It was stated express ly that the demonstration was not (Continued on page four) U. S. MARINES TURN BACK JAP ARMED PATROL New Incident at Interna tional Settlement With out Tension REDS' SLAUGHTER JAPANESE GARRISONS SHANGHAI, Fob. 14. (UP) — United States marines today pre vented a Japanese troop detach ment from entering: the American defense sector of the Internation al Settlement. Marine officers announced that they are negotiating with Japa nese authorities to prevent further efforts by patrols to enter the zone assigned to marines to defend. Japanese sent out detachments yesterday to establish armed pa trols along the Nanking road. As this meant entering the marine defense zone, American authori ties feared it might establish a precedent for patrolling the Amer ican sector. Today, learning that a Japanese patrol was about to seek entrance in the American zone, a detach ment of 12 marines was sent to stop them. They refused to let the Japanese enter. Bystanders said the incident ,parsed without tension. Later in the day Japanese were allowed to send troops in trucks, apparently destined for a Japa nese defense zone, through the marine defense zone. ONSLAUGHT IN HOPEI SURPRISE FOR JAPS SHANGHAI. Feb. 14. (UP)— China's fiercest fighting men, vet eran campaigners of the Eighth Route Army under the famed "Red Napoleon," Chu Teh, today appeared to have staged another surprise onslaught in western Hopei, swarming down from the Taihsin mountains and slaughter ing Japanese garrisons along the Peiping-Hankow railroad. The raids appeared to be de signed to smash the rearguard of the Japanese forces pushing down toward the Yellow river in an ef fort to bottle up 400,000 Chinese trapped around Suchow. This campaign, which has been in progress for two weeks and has resulted in the slaughter of in credible numbers on both sides, is regarded by military observers as the prelude to the capture of Hankow, temporary capital of the fugitive Chinese government. The Japanese are driving from three directions — Hopei, Shan tung and from southern Anhwei— upon Suchow where the final bat tle is expected to be fought. The Eighth Route Army's at tack, if it attains serious propor tions, would be regarded as a se rious threat to the position of the Japanese forces in Hopei, who have already reached the banks of the Yellow river. CANTON OUTSKIRTS MASS RAID TARGET CANTON, Fob. 14. (UP)—Jap anese warplanes roared over Can ton's outskirts today dumping bombs on railroads and villages in a series of mass raids that aroused fears that the long-awaited drive to smash Canton had started. PLANS TAKING SHAPE FOR 2 COUNTY EVENT Prominent Speakers Will Feature Saturday Night Banquet TO OPEN JUDGING TESTS THAT MORNING Farm Agents G. I). White of Henderson ' county and Julian Glazener of Transylvania county are perfecting; details for the sec ond annual corn show and ban quet of these counties and an nounce several prominent speakers for Saturday night's event. The following have given suf ficient recognition to the impor tance of the event to promise to attend and take part on the pro gram : F. S. Sloan, district agent for] the western district of North Car-j olina, with headquarters in Frank lin. ' F. H. Jeter, agricultural editor of the Extension department of State college, Raleigh. Dean J. W. Harrelson of State college, Raleigh. Roy H. Thomas, director of vo cational agriculture, State college, Raleigh. Tal. H. Stafford, district super visor of vocational agriculture of Western Carolina, Asheville. Prof. S. C. Clapp, director of the state experiment station at Swannanoa. r% T T¥ J At1 U. XJ. uvmcnuvu, McDowell county. Messrs. Clapp ami Homewood will judge the corn exhibits. Mr. Jeter will award the cup to the champion corn grower of the two counties, the same passing from Transylvania to Henderson county this year. Henderson and Transylvania each has $100 to be awarded in cash prizes, ranging from $2«r> downward. Winners in the corn show will receive miscellaneous quantities of fertilizer, ranging from half a ton downward. Corn judging contests will be staged by vocational students and 4-H club boys. Another corn judging contest has been arranged for the adult farmers. This will be open to farmers of the two counties hav ing confidence in their ability to select good corn. Growers of good corn are invit ed to participate in the exhibits and to contest for the prizes. The exhibits will consist of single ear white and prolific white; single ear yellow and prolific yellow. Ten ears will constitute an ex hibit. The corn judging contests will take place at the Ames hotel, cor ner of Fourth avenue and Church street, beginning about 11 o'clock. The banquet will be served at about 7 o'clock at the Ames hotel. Mr. White announced tnai a number of farmers and business men, in addition to the invited guests, would attend. He feels that the hotel can accommodate all these, provided reservations are made not later than Thursday. Mr. White said these reservations I would be necessary because of the uncertainty of preparations for large numbers who might wish to attend from both Henderson and (Transylvania counties. Plates will cost 65 cents each, announced Mr. White. CROP CONTROL VOTE IS DUE Final Attack on Bill Is Opened But Pass age Is Expected WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. (UP) Foes of the administration's crop control bill opened their final coalition attack in the senate to- ; day but admittedly with little hope of success in blocking final ap roval for the long range agricul tural program. Senator Win. G. McAdoo (P Calif), in protesting the cotton section would cut off a livelihood for many California farmers said the bill "creates so much dissatis faction and so much hubbub that it will be repealed in a year." Vote on the bill was due at 3:30 p. m. (EST). Majority Leader Al ben W. Barkley is predicting ap proval by a good margin, 'LIVING DEATH' VICTIMS Hearing a doctor U'stify that she was certain to die from effects of radium poisoning. Mis. Catherine Donohue collapsed, right, as four other women, above, also believed victims of the "living death," fearfully looked on in a courtroom at Ottawa, III. Mrs. Donohue, who now weighs only 70 pounds, told an arbiter for the Illinois Industrial Commission that her superiors in a radium watch dial plant at Ottawa said to her in 1931, "Your limping will cause talk. We're sorry, you'll have to go." Along with 13 other women, she seeks compensation for incapacities attributed to work with radium in the factory. Nine women already have died. The young women in the above pictures are Frances O'Connell, Marga ret Glacinski, Helen Munch, and Marie Kossiter. MRS. WENTZ PASSES AWAY i- >>* ■ •• i Mother of Mrs. Drayton Justus Dies in Danville Mr. and Mrs. Drayton Justus loft early this afternoon for Dan ville, Va., where they will attend the funeral of Mrs. Justus' moth er, Mrs. Mary Jane Wentz,'who passed away there Sunday after noon at 3:10 o'clock. Mrs. Wentz was in the Memor ial hospital at Danville for treat ment at the time of her death, «jr.d she succumbed to an attack of heart trouble. Mr. and Mrs. Justus had been called to her mother's bedside on last Tuesday and had returned only last night, to learn that Mrs. Wentz had died during their trip home. Services will be held for Mrs. Wentz Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock, in Danville, and inter ment will follow in Concord, N. C. Mrs. Wentz, who survived her husband by a year and a half, leaves eleven children, as follows: Mrs. J. C. Combs of Greensboro, Cail Wentz of Concord, Jerry. Hanael, Ira and Frank Wentz of Danville, Va., George Wentz of Washington, D. C., Mrs. G. P. Floyd of Danville, Va., Mrs. E. H. Pryor of Danville, Va., Mrs. B. C. Long of Henderson, and Mrs. Drayton Justus. MRS. CANNON LAID TO REST Funeral for Wife of J. L. Cannon Held on Saturday BARKER HEIGHTS, Feb. 14. Mrs. J. L. Cannon, age 73, died Friday, February 11, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Sentell of Barker Heights. Mrs. Cannon was married at the age of 14 and lived 58 years with Mr. Cannon, who survives her. She is also survived by one sister, Mrs. Amanda Deadman, and three chil dren: T. W. Cannon of the Fruit land section, Robert Cannon of Florida, who was unable to attend, and Mrs. W. E. Sentell; also a number of grandchildren. Funeral services were conduct ed Saturday afternoon at the home by Rev. N. B. Phillips. Burial was at Patty's Chapel cemetery, near Fletcher Baptist church, of which she was a mem ber. P.-T.A. MEETING TO BE 3:30 TUESDAY The February meeting of the city P. T. A. will be held at the Rosa Edwards grammar school on Fourth avenue west, Tuesday af ternoon at 3:30 o'clock, it was announced today. FISH CHARGES U.S. BLOCKING [ NAVY PARLEY Fails to See Why Japan Should Not Have Full Naval Equality WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.— (UP)—Rep. Hamilton Fi»h (R N. Y.) today told the houie na* va| affairs committee that he •aw no reason why Japan should not be given navy equality with the United States. He charged that the United States, and not Japan or Great Britain, "blocked naval confer | ences seeking to obviate gigan tic international navy building races." 10 MISSING; 9 ; KNOWN DEAD Australian Tragedy Caused From Rush on Boat to See U. S. Cruiser SYDNEY, Australia, Feb. 14.— | (UP)—Ten of the 175 personsi aboard the double-decked ferry-1 boat that capsized in shark-infest ed waters here yesterday remain ed missing. Nine are known to have drown-1 ed. The bodies of four were recov ered from the cabin of the boat by divers. It was feared that the others missing were trapped some-1 where on the boat which sank in 70 feet of water. Nine previously reported as missing were found safe. The ac cident occurred when the passen gers rushed to one side to watch the United States cruiser Louis ville departing. DEMS COLD TO GAP. BID FOR i UNITED FORCE ■ Anti-New Dealers Fail to Take to Third Party Coalition Idea | WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. (UP) ; —Anti - administration Democrats last night greeted with cold silence ; the Lincoln Day proposals of Sen ator Arthur Vandenburg, of Mich-' igan, and other ranking Repub-1 licans that the two forces unite at the polls to scrap the New Deal. Senator Josiah Bailey (D-N. C.) 1 fier- and consistent critic of the administration's reform program, flatly refused to comment on the proposed coalition or on the warn ing of Gov. George D. Aiken of Vermont that a third party would emerge from failure of Republi cans to purge their leadership of ultra-conservatives. Senator Ben nett Clark (D-Mo.) who has fought some New Deal measures and Sen ator Joseph O'Mahoney (D-Wyo.) I, who broke with the White House on the supreme court enlargement | bill, also declined comment. , Other conservative Democrats,', who refused to talk publicly, took , (he position that it is too early to forecast the 1940 political align ment. They see little likelihood of ( coalition action in the congression al elections this year, unless fu-' ture moves by President Roosevelt make the New Deal even more ob- , noxious to some party leaders than !, it is. I The ill-fated manifesto, "an ad- ' dress to the people," which was prepared by Vandenberg and Bai- j j ley and which embraced a 10-point! program to combat the recession,; was pointed out as an example of the reluctance of anti-New Dealers to carry their antagonism of the administration to the extreme of , coalescing with Republicans. Cir- ' culated in the senate, the mani- , festo drew few Democratic signa-, ( (Continued on page four) RESCUE FOR FOUR MAROONED I; RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS NEAR; J MOSCOW, Feb. 14. (UP)— The Soviet icebreaker Taimir landed two airplanes on an im provised icefloe airfield today, seeking to reach four Russian sci entists isolated on ice a few miles off the Greenland coast. The ice breaker sought to blast its way, yard by yard, through the ice jam with dynamite. So thick was the ice that only 330 yards were made in many hours of effort yesterday. The rescue planes were made ready early this morning for the take-off. Newspapers maintained staffs on duty all last night, hoping that word "would come that the ice breaker had reached the scientists and taken them aboard. At 10 p. m. Saturday the ice breaker was only 20 miles from the floe and could see the smoke from the ice camp Scientists could see the ship's' J searchlights. At noon yesterday! the boat was within 15 miles of i the four men who were landed on 1 the floe by airplane last May 22. The floe was then at the north , pole but drifted steadily south-1 ward until near Greenland as1 ' they were encamped to make sci entific experiments. The last message from Dr. Ivan Papanin, leader of the four I marooned men who for a time y last week were believed to have perished, late yesterday reported the Taimir had hove into sight. Dr. Papanin and his compan ions, who are accompanied by a dog "Jolly," have drifted about 1 1,200 miles sout hof the pole, i Their situation became perilous i when their ice floe rode into i warmer waters and began to break up. i LEADERS SEE LITTLE VALUE IN ARMS MEET Say World Too Inflamed for Such Conference to Make Progress U. S. MAY CONSTRUCT 45,000 TON SHIPS WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. (UP) Possibility that the United States will take the lead in the greatest naval building race In history as result of Japan's flat refusal to reveal her intentions was hinted last night by a high administra tion official. Although Japan's reply to the American, British and French notes demanding information on the island empire's naval building program, left the door open to in ternational consultation for limi tation of armaments, President Roosevelt is said to believe that the present time would not be fa vorable for a conference. Since this government informed Japan that a refusal to divulge her building plans would be re garded as confirmation of reports that she is constructing super warships, the only alternative, this official said, is for the United States to carry out her declared intention to invoke the "Escala tor clause" of the London treaty. This probably would result in orders by Mr. Roosevelt to in crease the tonnage of the three draednaughts contemplated in the Vinson authorization bill from H6,000 tons each to 43,200 or 45,000 tons. High navy officials have intimated strongly that ships of that size probably would be armed with 18-inch gun*, th» most devastating sea weapons erer drnni i" Tbe president already hat re quested appropriation*, in addi tion to the $663,000,000 navy supply bill, to lay keels for two battleships this year. These ves sels would augment the regular building program and give the United States six battleshfjps un der construction within a year. Four of these may be 45,000-ton ners. Meanwhile, moves which will be launched in the house and senate to prevent the United States from joining the world rearmament race, are believed doomed to fail ure. Senator William King, D., Utah, and Representative Maury Maver ick, D., Texas, leader of the house liberal bloc, will introduce reso lutions authorizing the president to call a world naval limitation inference. "I want to see every nation in terested in this proposal come to Washington and put its cards on the table in an effort to dispel :he atmosphere of fear and to end :he terrible burden of arma nents," King said. "I want to see all branches of ;he major nations' armed services iiscussed without any previous lommitments. If the nations of he world want peace, this is the vay to give them an opportunity 0 get it." Maverick said "a conference iow — regardless of how irritat :d nations might be — may save 1 war." "Let's have some peace talk ind a peace conference befoie a var and not later," he continued. 'In fact, if we do this, we may top a naval race and eventually t war. "The Japanese reply to the Jnited States was not belligerent ind it was quite evident that their government is willing to discuss laval limitation. * • • « * •_ 1 "japan aiso poirut-u uui ■■■ u.;» tote that she proposed at th« London conference the abolition if cauital ships. Who. then, wants hem: We should thrash this out >ver a conference table with the >ther powers and make a real. :ontribution to peace." Chairman Key Pittman, D., tfev., of the senate foreign re ations committee, did not agree vith Maverick and King. He said he present world situation is less avorable for a successful conclu lion to such a conference than ipon many previous occasions. 'Since political antagonisms are rreater than ever before," he iaid, "I doubt that a conference vould be successful." The King and Maverick reso utions were expected to revive :ongressional discussion of the idministration'g foreign policy, vith a strong probability that here will be further demands in. (Continued on page three) VOODMAN CIRCLE'S TEAM WILL DRILL Announcement was made today hat a meeting of the drill team tnd officers of the Woodman Cir cle for practice will be held Tues lay nig-ht at 7:30 o'clock at the iVoodman hall. All team members ind officers were asked to attend.