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. „|, cl'udT •na W'i ?!, io«n* what warmer to SLhc ®mu?5 GOOD AFTERNOON AuitnlUn miners refuted to work btuuit their pit horse* had halitosis. Goodness, better bid breath thsn none' Largest Daily (irculation ol Any Newspaper in North Carolina in Proportion to Population HENDERSONV1LLE, N. C„ TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1938 SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS HOUSE GROUP ACCEPTS ROAD FUND CUT * * * * * .y. -Y Y **• * -Y ongress May Ditch •v Y- * .y. .y. •¥■ 9f. % if, Rail Industry Aid * m EARLY iDJOURNMENT ID KILL PLAN wevelt Prepares to Lay Full Economic Problem Before People [EPARING MESSAGE, ' FIRE SIDE CHAT WASHINGTON. An. 12. (UP) : at; ... adjournment t : day _i- ardized thel "C.'< o: ::::!«.■ ]Li. Ration ' i..; :r. : t y. 'halc.'.a:: i' '.: r. K Wheeler, M interstate IP.:.. mru.ttee, believed : a • ■ .1 ■ a ;'a: of the sum :n: :r«d to enact ; a* : UiT^e>ted by i. a. >tat« v .mnerce com i :t'<•»'*. rn-ade ! by com s Wa.'er M \Y. Splawn. L .vai!«-: A •< r. \V. Bark 1 Ky .t- •: • ::oomm:ttal on : • :!.••: ' the railroad .. any. i<> :M be passed • f!>• iv.eatedly hasj |. • ■ •! ':>• M'c, h -wever, that k:< - J'!. ' !! f'V May 15. 'iv-;.Hi >•>>»■ vrit left the : .:a!:ztt:«f the rail s a.-. - vu- their tinan t:xjauM-Iy up to con s- ■ s- -x\.i message yes lay H- nttt-d a copious ha: •: irate: ia! between rail i - : u:.d management. th. »*.•: . .1:1/ himself, to :(-g hisUu-. R. WILL LAY CRISIS FORE THE PEOPLE ASHIXGTON. Apr. 12. ll'P) Rom^'vi-U • a:.* '■> lay tall import of the economic before the nati.-n—possibly ■d firt-sido chat -. Thursday h:— un.i :t;so may send his spe :v~ag<> t • .'"tigress on in of the same dav, the White ant:.-uneed lust nif.ht. l'r.:re H..i,.>e set-- •;»:>, Stephen Early said the plan was entire Ui.tat.'.v hui that it would RO r-vr. it the .due!' executive can : ' !:;<• Mu-.-aLT and >peech. a:.:. > :m : ' came a< Mr. : ■ ■ ;t r.t-'.v impetus behind <1: ■ '•> mobilize the new deal's ami spending agencies > tci mightiest "pump priming" i ■' trade -lump since 'ti'.lavs I.f l the day he cancelled all v -r-a^emont- md conferred a parade of congressional '••• -• .i. .: . y iiea'U and fiscal !ina! shaping of his tirram which will pour at least •'.xi i>"" iit»o_ arid possibly more, & in.i -try and agricul ■rav.ty . f th»» crisis was empha '. -S-.'i the Treasury who >aid, after con fin^ with Mr. Roosevelt, that 1 -taiUpin has become 1 -tc that "some kind of gov ®rrt i-d" is :mperative [l CO TO CONGRESS J-RSDAY at NOON |"'r resident's decision to place "^f program before the peo a< a .surprise and was in ^ emphasizing the cha ' <d'-r ; •'•du-trv and unem - o-age to congress, if he • prepare it. Early said, ^^Rtinued on page four) Wfce Paralyzing French Arms Program; Government Takes Office 'Aus, April 12. (UP).—A. »it.y:sprt-Hd.r:n- strike wave kyz'.r.g thf .1*. 's armament ['5'-" • ' rt- than 150,000 - • '•••■ - • night as Premier Ddi.iilior's new "salva ?. *j>vi«rnnkent took office. metallurgical f hiding key industries ! for France's r • construction, I it-down strik LI lof Premier l.eon : • government j.' •' •: V ri<e of Pala ' "..i i. .i-narty cabinet / " :kes has nearly ' • r • ikers reached i'/," sit-downs ex £•_' -oh. Rleriot and t manufacturing and to the re * ::.«**«> workers ^ •; 1 ' ' ir.t is the largest r . ' "■ France, mami r".".'-' i '"••">biles, airplanes, ii• «.:ate and tanks. r,-lU aali of the heavy in dustries of the Paris region wore paralyzed, confronting Daladicr with a major crisis even before he could summon his cabinet for its first meeting. Paul Ramadier, new minister of labor, called a conference of trade union leaders late last night in an effort to stem the strike spread. Reports that Daladier has serv ed an ultinuitum on the strikers— most of the workers are strong supporters of the popular front and were bitter at the overthrow of Blum and Communist exclu sion from the new cabinet— threatening to call out troops un less the factories were surrender ed brought official denials. The government, it was explain ed, is seeking a peaceful evacua tion "but other measures will be considered if negotiations fail." Observers pointed out that Pala died would run the risk of an overthrow of his cabinet when he presents it in parliament today should he serve any immediate ultimatum on the strikers and union .croups. Victory Huddle After Reorganization Bill Deteat The triumph of Tammany's Representative John J. O'Connor, center, who led insurgent Democrats to a smashing defeat of the President's reorganization bill, is reflected in this striking picture,.taken a few minutes after the House killed the measure by a vote of 204 to 29G. With O'Connor, T^iean rehef htoc defivofr't! fife Mo>V~stu lining blow the'ffouse has yet given Mr. Roosevelt, are two other rejoicing Democrats, Representative Thomas O'Malley, Wisconsin, left, and Representative Arthur P. Lainneck, of Ohio. Coalition of Democrats with Republicans produced the vote to recommit the bill to committee, which action kills the measure for (bis session. REDDEN ASKS GOVERNOR FOR SECONDARY ROAD COIN HERE FLOOD WATERS ARE RECEDING Hundreds More Mississippi Refugees Are Able to Return Home HATTIESBURG, Miss., Apr. 12. (UP)—Receding flood waters in southeastern Mississippi yesterday allowed additional hundreds of refugees to begin rebuilding their homes in the lowlands. Edward Schamber, 35-year-old father, giving neighbor children a motorboat "joy-vide" on Cordon creek, became the first local flood victim. The boat struck a sub merged fence and capsized, drown ing Schamber. James Gill, 8, was under water eight minutes but was revived by firemen who worked on hini for two hours and 20 minutes. James* brother and sister and an other child were rescued. FIRE DAMAGES ROOF The fire department answered a call this morning at the home of Will Shepherd, colored, on Oak street. Only small damage to the roof resulted. Hoey Told Farm-to-Market Road Work Behind Two Years in County In a letter to Governor Clyde R. Hoey, M. M. Redden, county at torney, today called attention of the chief executive to the fact that repair work on secondary roads of this county is greatly needed, and asked that Henderson county be considered in the division of $2, 000,000 for this purpose. "1 have read with much pleas ure an article stating that you had made a two million dollar alloca tion of the highway funds for im provement of secondary roads," Air. Redden wrote the governor. ''Henderson county has, in my opinion, failed to receive its pro portionate share of work on the farm-to-market roads during the past two years. Consequently these roads are seriously in need of repair. In many instances very important roads have become im passable during the past winter, although the weather was unusual ly mild. This condition has become so widespread in the county that our local daily paper has comment ed editorially upon the necessity of immediate improvement to these roads," Mr. Redden wrote. "The citizens of Henderson county strongly endorse your ef forts to improve the farm-to-mar ket roads, and when the highway commission convenes on Thursday morning to determine where this allotment will be spent, I trust you will make known our needs." Mr. Redden stated this morning that if Henderson county received its proportionate share of the $2, 000,000 to be spent for this work every road in the county could be put in excellent condition this sum mer and fall. Moscow Claims 11 Jap Army Planes Cross Red Border MOSCOW, April 12.—(UP) — Eleven Japanese military planes from Manchukuo, including two bombers, were reported last night to have crossed the Soviet fron tier 8 1-2 miles from Paltavaka. The official Soviet news agency Tass reported from Kharbarovsk on the frontier that one of the planes made a forced landing on Russian soil and the pilot was de tained. The government was said to be investigating the incident prepara 1 tory to protesting to Tokyoy. AUTO SOUGHT IN DEATHS OF I NOT FOUND Fugitives in Frome Murd ers Are Believed To Be at Laredo, Texas LAREDO, Tex., April 12. (UP) Ranger Pete Crawford believed a man and women who have been sought since the brutal slaying of Mrs. Weston G. Frome and her daughter, Nancy, were hiding in Laredo last night. A blockade of highways failed to catch the car in which the two were riding and which Crawford has been trailing for days across the state. It was seen in this Mex ican border city at a grocery store at 8 o'clock yesterdav morning. "I believe that the fugitives are holed up somewhere in Laredo," Crawford said. "If they're fcere, we'll dig them out before morn ing." Possemen and rangers patrolled all highways in the Laredo district while the search was under way in town. Crawford and other rang ers went to Zapata after it was reported that the car—a Plymouth coach which is believed to be the one following the Frome car near (Continued on page four) Europe Watches Reich's Neighbors For New Minority Power Demands BERLIN, April 12. (UP)— Eu-1 ropean diplomats watched today the Austro-German reich's small neighboring countries where Adolf Hitler's overwhelming: plebiscite victory furnished a powerful weapon for Nazi organizations. Chief center of interest was1 Czechoslovakia. Diplomatic observ ers believed that Germany, Poland and Hungary soon would demand; the fullest degree of autonomy for their minorities in that coun try in view of the increasing na tionalistic fervor of peoples sepa rated from mother countries by post-war treaties. The almost unanimous approval by the electorate of Germany and Austria of Anschluss brought an immediate demand from Nazis and other minorities for closed asso ciation with their own peoples. Konrad Henlein, leader of the Sudeten German party in Czecho slovakia, took occasion at the con clusion of the Austro-German ple biscite to declare that all conces sions made to his people by the Prague government were insuffi cient. Should alternative concessions by the Czechoslovakian govern ment fall short of the demands of the Sudeten Germans, who were inspired to boundless patriotism by the Austrian plebiscite, it is considered by foreign observers quite possible that Henlein may attempt to emulate Dr. Arthur von Seyss-inquart, Nazi governor of Ausria, and request Hitler to free his co-nationals in Czechoslovakia. Count Festeicz Andreas Czillery, leader of the Hungarian rightist extremists, announced meanwhile that he was dissatisfied with the present bill to restrict Jewish in fluence and demand more radical measures along the lines adopted by Germany. EASTER BREATHING SPELL FOR AUSTRIA VIENNA, April 12.—(UP)— Josef Buerckel, Nazi administra tor in Austria, last night ordered an "Easter peace" until April 25 during which Nazi party activities will cease. Buerckel's decree, following re joicing over Sunday's plebiscite on (Continued on page three) I LOYALISTS ARE LEAVINGTOWNS ALONG COAST Mass Evacuations Are i Seen From Tortosa to Benicarlo INSURGENTS HAMMER AS FOE RESISTS f . I p HENDAYE, Franco - Spanish | [Frontier, Aj>ril 12. (UP).—Gen eralissimo Francisco Franco's tunnies driving upon the Mediter ranean seacoast were reported Hast night to have forced mass Evacuations of a dozen loyalist uowns alone the coast between Wortosa and Benicarlo. ji The southern insurgent com mander, General Garcia Valino, predicted that the 24-mile costal atrip would be in his hands with tn 48 hours. 1 Franco's Saragossa headquar «rs announced by radio that Gen jrai Valine's troops had surround ed Tortosa and that 21 1-2 miles Of the coastline was "at the mercy 6f our artillery." Several thousand civilians were reported to be moving out of Tor tosa, Vinaroz «*\nd Benicarlo to safer loyalist teritory north and jouth of the Tortosa bottleneck. i The insurgents, withi nsight of re Mediterranean, hammered ; wav through desperate loyal-, ist resistance and the most diffi cult terrain encountered by any army in the civil war. Thousands of loyalists, includ ing veterans of the El Campesino and Lister brigades, stood up grimly against Franco's forces and delayed the advance. The insurgents last night, how ever, were six miles along the Sirallel Rio Cerbol and Rei Seco e Benicarlo valleys south of Tortosa and had driven a deep wedge between the government's Tortosa and Morella bases. Six miles north of Tortosa, in the hills above the town of Cher ta,, the loyalist international brigades fought most stubbornly against Valino's two columns of Italian "Black Arrow" legion naries whom they have held at a standstill for eight days. Hundreds of machine guns, hid den from insurgent planes, pre vented any direct advance down the Gandesa road past Cherta to Tortosa. The stalemate outside Tortosa was said to be proving costly to Franco. During the last few days the Loyalists reportedly have thrown at least 20,000 troops into the Rio Cerbol and Rio Secol De Ben icarlo valleys to hold up the en emy advance. Franco today sent more bomb ing and fighting planes into the sector and they bombed, in almost endless relays, the 24-mile strip of coast between Tortosa and Benicarlo. The government's new fleet of planes, which flew over Barcelona Saturday and Sunday to arouse the populace to a "last stand" de fense, took no part in the air com bat. As result, the planes were deliv ered at Barcelona and other Cata lonia ports and assembled by Spanish and Russian mechanics at the rate of four a day. JAPS ATTACK ON 1500-MILE FRONT TODAY Air and Land Forces Are Retaliating for Severe Defeats CHINESE THREAT TO TSINAN WIPED OUT SHANGHAI, April 12. (UP) — Japan's air and land forces today opened a thunderous attack at points along a line more than IfiOu miles long in retaliation for tin* severe defeats suffered by van guards of the imperial army in Shantung province. Fleets of army and navy planes bombed a dozen Chinese cities while mechanized infantry columns in Shansi province captured one of (he strongholds of China's famed "Red Napoleon," Gen. Chu Teh, commander of the former Communist armies. Changsha, capital of Hunan province, was devastated in a se ries of air raids which resulted in the second destruction of Tsing hua university, which was driven from Peiping early in the war, and the razing of the Hunan provincial library, valued at more than 2, 000,000 yuan (about $559,000.) COMMANDER AND GUARD "ESCAPE BY MINUTES" "General Chu and his bodyguard were reported by the Japanese Domei news agency to have es caped the Japanese "by a matter of minutes." In Hankow the chief of Gener alissimo Chiang Kai-shek's politi cal affairs bureau, General Chen Cheng, described the bombing of Changsha, which lies south of Hankow on thes railway line to Canton, as a "wanton act of ter rorism to intensify the hatred of every living Chinese for Japan." Other cities bombed included all the key points in Generalissimo Chiang's fortified Lung-hai rail way defending his capital in Han kow. Suehow-fu, Kweiteh, Katfeng, Chengchow, Tungkwan and Sian fu. all were damaged. A Japanese spokesman in Shang hai said that 24 of 30 Chinese planes which attempted to beat off the Japanese air raiders were shot down in a big aerial battle east of Kweiteh. The Japanese lost two planes. The Chinese said five Japanese; planes were shot down. Suburbs of Canton, great south China metropolis, were bombed again and the hangers on the air; field at Paiyunshan were partly ( destroyed. The Domei agency said the four Japanese mechanized columns started a secret advance into south east Shansi province •m Friday and trapped parts of eight divisions ol General Chu Teh's army around, Tsinghsien, used as a base of Chu Teh's guerilla bands. Reorganized forces of the old Shansi provincial army of Marshal Yen Hsi-shan also were dispersed and driven across the Yellow river into Shensi province. Marshal Yen was said to be alive and command ing a "dare-to-die" corps. CHINESE THREAT TO TSINAN VANISHES Chinese admitted that their threat to Tsinan, provincial capi tal, had been brushed aside as the Japanese reinforcements passed through that city and streamed. southward on the Tientsin-Pukow railway toward the southern bnan-j tung front. , . , The Chinese right wing began to feel new pressure also as Japa nese reinforcements from Tsing tao, Shantung port, passed Chuh sien and began driving at the Lini sector. Musical Program To Mark Rotary Weekly Session Miss Kate Dotson will present a musical program tomorrow at the weekly meeting of the Rotary club at the Skylana hotel. Included on the program will be a recitation by Grady Edney ol Edneyville high school, recent win ner of the western district oratori cal contests; a solo by Mrs. Walter O. Allen, and songs by a group of Edneyville students who recently broadcast over station WWNL, Misses Elda E. Threlkeld, Calcie Lee Threlkeld, June Edney, Mary Camp, and Margaret Ann Sumner. I SAY F. R. AND GARNER SPLIT ON SPENDING House Sends New Tax Re vision Bill to Confer ence Today WASHINGTON, April 12.— (UP)—President Roosevelt and Vice President Garner today were reported in conflict over new pump priming expenditures under the circumstances, fore j telling a bitter battle to keep spending under congressional control, if the big fund is voted. Garner would neither confirm nor deny the report. WAGE-HOUR BILL WILL BE REPORTED WASHINGTON, April 12.— (UP)—The house today sent the new tax revision bill to con ference after a skirmish over changes made in the measure by the senate. Shortly afterward, the house labor committee decided to re port one form of the wage-hour bill to the house despite indica tion there is little hope for the pu«*age of such legislation. DEATH CLAIMS MRS. L NEWMAN Funeral Will Be Thursday at Silver Creek in Polk County Mrs. Leila Newman died this morning: at the home of a daugh ter, Mrs. Hugh Morrison, on the Spartanburg highway, after an ill ness of three years. Funeral services have been ar ranged for Thursday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock at Silver Creek Bap tist church, in Polk county, of which she was a member, and will be conducted by the Revs. N. B. Phillips and B. M. Strickland. In addition to Mrs. Morrison, she is survived by another daugh ter, Miss Edna Newman, of Hen dersonville, and five sons, Curtis, of Hendersonville; Taft, of Flat Rock; Lester, of Long Beach, CaL, and Hall and Billie, of the Spar tanburg road. East Side Singing Site Is Changed James Gilliam, president of the East Side Singing convention to day announced that the conven tion which had been arranged for Sunday, April 17, at the Edney ville Methodist church will not be held there, because of the fact that the Edneyville high school is having its baccalaureate service on that afternoon, but that the con vention will be held at the Refuge Baptist church at Dana, Sunday, April 17. The program will open at 1:30 o'clock. All singers and music lovers are invited, and all visiting quartets or other singing groups will be given a place on the program. Italy May Return To World League If African Conquest Recognized GENEVA, April 12. (UP).— Informed Fascist quarters indi cated today that Italy may return to the League of Nations soon as result of a British note asking that the question of recognizing Italy's Ethiopian conquest be put before the league's May 9 council meeting. The British government's note yesterday to Josep hAvenol, sec retary general of the league, sought to open the way for re leasing league states from their pledges to withhold formal recog nition of the new Italian empire. London's action indicated that negotiations in Rome on an An glo-Italian pact of friendship— trading British recognition of Italian pledge of "hands off Spain"—are at the point of con clusion. The British note opened the way for one of the stormiest ses sions in league history and diplo matic observers predicted that the delicate situation arising from the note might make or break the league. China and Soviet Russia, both concerned with Japan and both members of the council, probably will make a strong stand against the British move, believing that it might come to serve as a prece dent for similar recognition on Manchukuo. On the other hand, five mem bers of the league council already have formally or informally rec ognized Premier Benito Mus solini's seizure of Ethiopia and the Italian government pointed out last night that 34 nations, 27 of whfch are league members, have given either de facto or do jure recognition. If the British note haa the de sired effect, the Fascist said, Italy's withdrawal from the lea gue—announced by Mussolini last December 11—may be retracted before the end of the year. Italy's resignation does not be come effective until November, 11939, under league rules. F.R'S PLAN FOR ROAD ECONOMY ilS ADHERED TO Wallace Suggest* Process ing Tax Be Reimposed on Farm Products SAYS IT IS^IDEAL" FINANCING SCHEME WASHINGTON, April. 12. (UP). The house appropriations commit tee, cutting $75,589,049 under the current supply bill, rigidly followed budget recommendations for highway funds and favorably reported the $797,222,159 depart ment of agriculture appropria tion measure. The bill accepted President Roosevelt'3 recom mendations for an approximately 50 percent reduction in federal spending^ for highways, despite the house roads committee de mands for maintenance of funds at the present levels. PROCESS TAX AGAIN GOAL OF WALLACE WASHINGTON, April 12. (UP). Secretary of Agriculture Wallace in his testimony today disclosed the suggested reimposition of processing taxes on agricultural commodities as a means of financ ing future farm programs. An unsuccessful attempt was made last week to revive the pro cessing taxes through an amend ment to general tax revision bill. Processing taxes, Wallace told the house appropriations commit tee, studying the department of agriculture appropriation bill, are an "ideal way" of financing farm programs. "I feet that it is a serious thing that farmers have lost the self fi nancing character of the pro gram. Wallace said "it is now neces sary for them in their efforts to get a fair share of the national income to como to congress every year for this very large appropria tion. It is conceivable that some congress will arise which is un friendly to agriculture." BURLEY TOBACCO QUOTAS ADDED WASHINGTON, April 12. (UP). Marketing quotas under the new farm program will today be ex tended to include growprs of bur ley tobacco. The AAA announced that 87 1-2 percent of the growers who participated in Saturday's refer j endum approved of the quotas. The recent farm urogram amend , ment established a marketing ; quota of 350,000,000 pounds for 1938 burley crops. BALFOUR WILL CLOSE 4 WEEKS Effective Monday, April 18, the Balfour mills will close for a pe riod of four weeks, it was learned today. Notice was posted at the milt yesterday informing employes of the close. Officials stated this morning that the close was due to the condition of the market and to large stocks on hand. palm beach visitors Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Harrell ar rived Saturday from Puim Beach, Fla., and will spend a while as the guests of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Harrell.