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Fair tonight, with little change jn temperature; Friday partly f to udy; moderate temperature. \ 0L. 57—No. 155 ' 'f'M .. . i • u: - " V-* ' Largest Daily Circulation of Any Newspaper in North Carolina in Proportion to Population HENDERSONVILLE, Nf C., THURSDAY, JUNE 30, 1938 SINGLE C»Plia(, nVE CENTS U.S. AND ENGLAND 31. 31. St. u u u -- -- — — — — -www t *r t *f* «t* *T T T ^ Report Large Summer Camp Enrollment -♦ 1. i SEASON TO BE IN FULL SWING BY WEEK END Patronage Shows Largest Gain of Summer Activi ties in Decade SOME CAMPS END PRE-CAMP SEASON Hundreds of boys and girls from al! sections of the nation tlu> wt ok are arriving in Western North Carolina to spend their va cation- at the summer camps in this area. ...nimav "umnu in Jtl'> — r H»'iuio. M.aville area will open th«ir regular seasons tomorrow tu Saturday. Some camps are al ready in o2,erat'on» while' others arc completing the pre-camp sea son ami preparing for the regular campinjr season. A.'rrost 20 summer camps for b»»ys and girls are located in Hen derson county and many others in this immediate area. Practically all of these summer camps report large enrollments and good pros-1 Dects for the camping season. Probably a larger growth has been recorded in summer camp ing than in any other department of the summer tourist business in the past ten years. A number of new camps will be operated here this summer, in cluding Fruitland camp, at the i site of old Fruitland Institute, Camp Glencarol. located near Fruitland. which will be operated as a camp for business women by Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Bellamy, and others. Camps located in Henderson county are Noah's Ark camp. Tuxedo; Blue Ridge Summer School ami Camp, Henderson vifle; Fruitland Camp, Fruitland; Camp Highland Lake, at the lake I of the same name; Kanuga camp at the Episcopal conference cen ' ter; ('amp Mishemokwa, at Bear Wallow; Camp Mondaniin. Tuxt edo; Camp Osceola, Osceola Lake; Camp I'eep-Out. R.F.D. 4; Camp Pinnacle, in the Kanuga section; ' amp Bearwallow, on the Spar | tanburg road; Camp Carlyle, on the Chimney Rock road; Glencar ol camp, Fruitland; Camp flrry stone. Tuxedo, and Camp Tona Wandah. at l.ake Falls. ROTARY HEARS DAVE CLARK Founder of Local Club, 11 Years Asjo, Talks on Social Changes ' Davr Clark, of Charlotte, for mer Rotary District Governor and founder of the Hendersonville Rotary club, was the principle speaker at the club meeting Wed nesday afternoon. Mr. Clark, who as district ••rnor started the local club 11 years ago, spoke of the changing economic and political conditions in this country since the time this club was founded. Praising the Constitution of the 1 nitcd States, Mr. Clark *aid that many of the thinr* which the states placed in this document to preserve their individual riehts were beinsr overruled today, citing Principally the wage and hour l^cislation which he termed "two Actions of the country ganging u» on the third section," refer ring to the North and West, forc |"tr this legislation on the South in order to prevent the South's economic expansion. Rotary, said Mr. Clark is not politically, minded in the United States, but yi Europe it is the STrntest force for peace. Rotar ians from every country of Eu rope meet and discuss the prob lem* of their countries and try to solve them along the lines of Ro tary. Victor E. Rector asked the sup port of the club in the underpriv chidren camp now being started on the Cleveland farm on the South Carolina line. The matter was referred to the hoard of directors. Herman Hickman. assistant f"otball coach at N. C. State col lege was a special guest at the Meeting. MATANG evacuates HANKOW. June 30. (UP) — Chinese reports reaching here to (i*y said that Chinese forces had evacuated the Matange forts on the Yangtse river along which Joe Japanese are driving toward "ankow. Good Time Had by All—Corpse' Too j —— . Pleased as pie. bewhiskered Felix "Bush" Breazeale fans himself in front of the coffin, which he bui't himself, and enjoys the eulogy as a minister preaches his "funeral." Bush ouJjjpKt the ceremonies ; held at' a lift're church' 1 n*1 Kin gSfo"n7~Tenn., tm his 7<fth birthday 1 so there would be "no question of a preacher gettin' things wronjr" about him after his death. More than 12,000 people gathered for the occasion. Senate Group Holds President's Intervening In Primaries To Help Liberals Not In Its Jurisdiction PAYNE. TURNER TO DIE FRIDAY Execution of Negro Set First at State's Prison Tomorrow KA LEIGH. June 30. — Bill Payne and Wash Turner, who were convicted of the murder of State Highway Patrolman George Penn near Asheville last August, will die in the state's lethal gas chamber on Friday. Following conferences between relatives of the two men and Pa role Commissioner Edwin Gill on Monday. Governor Clyde Hoey stated that he saw no reason for changing his decision of refusing to stay the execution. According to Warden H. H. Wilson, of state prison. Wiley Brice, vondemned necrro. will die first and his execution is sched uled for 10 o'clock in the morn ing. The second execution will fol low in about 20 minutes and the third in about 30 minutes. The warden had not decided which of the two white men will die first. Four members of the state high way patrol from ?he Asheville sec tion, two from Charlotte, and ap proximately 14 from other parts of the state will witness the ex ecution of Payne and Turner. Penn was shot and killed by the two men after a running gun (Continued on page four) Miss Mattie Self Granted Private Pilot's License A private pilot's license has been granted to Miss Mattie Vera Self of East Flat Rock and Sara sota, Fla., after tests at the Hen dersonville-Asheville airport yes terday. She is the first woman to acquire such a license at the lo cal airport. The tests were conducted by L. M. Younjr, department of com merce inspector. Miss Self took part of her stu dent training at Sarasota and compieted the work under the di rection of Paul McMurray at the port at Fletcher. Row Over Bid For WPA Vote to Return New Dealers Not Settled WASHINGTON, June 30. (UP) —The senate campaign investi gating committee will not attempt to censure President Roosevelt if he carries out his announced in tention of intervening in primar ies on behalf of liberal candidat es, it was indicated last night. The committee, two members of which met yesterday, was rep resented a? feeling Mr. Roose velt's political utterances are out of its jurisdiction, especially since his remarks usually are ad dressed to the voters at large and can not bp construed as coercion or undue influence. Sen. Morris Sheppard, I)., Tex., committee chairman, and Sen. Joseph '€. O'Mahoney, D., Wyo., only members of the group in town, met and discuessed the im plications of the president's Fri day nieht fireside chap in which he called for a purge of political conservatives and said bluntly that he would intervene in state contests where the future of New Deal liberal was at stake. "A presidential speech to the ! country at larjre is an entirely different situation than that of Mr. Aubry Williams (deputy works progress administrator( and does not come within our jur i isdiction," Sen. Sheppard said. "Mr. Roosevelt is entirely within his rights." The statement was understood to be an accurate reflection of committee sentiment. The group was reported still divided, how ever, over the remarks of Wil liams who, in an extemporaneous speech before the workers al liance of America, urged the al liance to "organize and keep your friends (the New Deal) in pow er." The committee is expected to determine whether Williams's re marks come within the scope of a senate resolution prohibting par ticipation of federal employes in political activities. Committee members previously described Williams' utterances as "unfortunate" but indicated that no action would be taken. Yester day, however, Sheppard and O'Mahoney began persuing a par tial transcript of the deputy ad ministrator's talk as prepared by David Lassar, alliance president. Sheppard said he would obtain proxies of other committeemen in order to be able to hold sessions to consider the Wililams matter. Meanwhile Williams, in an open letter to the committee, defended (Continued on page three) CITY CLOSING SUCCESSFUL FISCAL YEAR Workings Under Debt Re Adjustment Plan Fully Satisfactory NO TAX INCREASE IF VALUES UNCHANGED The city of Hendersonville to day will complete the first year of operation under the debt re adjustment plan, and city offi cials today declared that the first year's operation under the plan had been completely satisfactory. Interest obligations at the rate of two per cent have been in op eration during the past fiscal year and the interest rate of two per cent will continue for four more years, increasing at the end of the period to two and one-half per cent. Under this plan of operation and at this interest rate, city of-i ficials are of the opinion that no increase in the tax rate will b^ necessary provided the property valuation of approximately seven million dollars is not decreased. The city today was ready to meet the second interest payment under the plan by paying approx imately $24,000 in interest on city and water department ob ligations. This money is already on deposit at the Chemical Na tional bank, New York City, and will be paid on presentation of interest coupons on die refund ing bonds at that institution. The first interest payment of approx imately the same amount was met on January 1 of this year. Of this total interest payment due now, approximately $10,500 is on water department obliga tions and the remainder is on city refunding bonds. Troop Four Boy Scouts Are Called All Boy Scouts and committee men of troop four were asked to day to be present at the Ameri can Legion club house tonight at 8 o'clock. A special event is plan ned for the occasion in which it is desired that all members and committeemen take part. Director Of Horse Show Arrives H. II. Mitchell, director of the Hendersonville Horse Show, ar rived here today to begin making plans for the third annual Horse Show to be held on August 4 and 5. HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE ARE EXPECTED AS INFORMAL 4TH OF JULY CELEBRATION NEARS ) ALL FOR LOVE ! It was love and not his money that moved her to marry Basil A. (Pat) Ryan at Hickory, the \ first time she went out with him last November, declared Mrs. Martha Barkley Ryan. She ta pictured in New York su preme court as she pleaded for f'Lft,000 yearly alimony and jUflfcOOQ counsel fees in- her un &<^K£&3tad scfcaratiori $yit against -« hoir to SI, 100,000 of the late Thomas Fortune Ryan's estate. All Business And Govern ment Agencies And Offices to Close Although no formal program has been arranged, hundreds of popple are expected here over the week-end for the observance of the Fourth of July holiday. A complete holiday will be ob served in the city. City and coun ty offices, the post office, bank, library, Chamber of Commerce office, merchants and business men will close during the entire day. Hotels and boarding houses to day were making plans to care for large crowds of week-end guests, and resort centers were planning to entertain hundreds of people. A survey of hotels and board ing houses today revealed that most such establishments held res ervations for full houses over the week-end. Some such places re ported limited reservations for the holidav week-end, but most of these anticipated that arrivals who had not previously made res ervations would practically fill their establishments. Since the holidays falls on Monday, many week-end guests are expected, but many others are expected to be here for Monday only and picnic and resort places are anticipating record crowds. Chief of Police Otis Powers to day requested the co-operation of the publ.c.a thrhoU day tflii ware TWW J Sane manne4-: The chief reported that he had al ready received many requests (Continued on patre three.) F. D. R. DECRIES DICTATORSHIPS NEW YORK, June 80. (UP) — President Roosevelt today infer entially but vigorously criticized government by dictatorship. Addressing the National Educa tion Association convention, he spoke out against suppression of art in culture in suhc a way that left no doubt in the listeners' j minds that he was referring to events in Germany since the Nazis took power. He mentioned no names. Roosevelt declared that educa tion must be kept intellectually free. "Tf the fires of freedom and civil liberties burn low in other lands, they must be made brighter in our own. If in other lands the press is censored we must redou i ble our effort here to keep it free," he declared. Earlier, Roosevelt addressed lo cal and foreign dignitaries in the laying of the cornerstone of what will be the Federal building at the New York world's fair. FEDERATION CANNERY OPEN; BIG SEASON IS ANTICIPATED Expect to Pack 3,000 Bushels of Beans; Yellow To mato Juice Will Feature Products Canning operations for this year were begun yesterday morn ing at the Farmers Federation cannery, located on Sixth Avenue East, and F V. Miller, manager, this morning declared that pros pects for the packing season were very favorable. At present, Mr. Miller said, the cannery is employing about fifty | people, most of them women, and can use about 25 additional em ployes as soon as health certifi cates are prepared for the addi tional workers. I This is the earliest date on which the cannery has ever start ed operations here. Operations last summer were started on Aug ust 6. The cannery is now engaged in packing green beans, and approx imately 500 bushels were on hand at the cannery this morning. This is a sufficient quantity to operate the cannery during the remainder of the week, Mr. Miller said. Packing of beans will require about two weeks, Mr. Miller said, and during this period it is antic-i pated that approximately 3,000 bushels of beans will be packed. The purpose of the cannery, Mr. Miller said, is to take the sur plus beans from the market and insure a good price to farmers from truckers. At present beans are bringing from three to four cents on the open market and the canncry is paying one and three quarters cents. Following the bean packing sea son, the cannery will begin pack ing yellow tomato juice, the spec ialty product of this particular plant. The Federation has about 125 acres of yellow tomatoes under contract and is aiming at packing about 15,000 cases of the yellow juice this summear, Mr. Miller said. The local canncry is the only packing house in the world now canning yellow tomato juice un der the name of Carolina Sun shine. This product is shipped all over the world and recently the Federation received an order for 100 cases from London, England, Mr. Miller said. Yellow tomatoes to be used in packing juice this summer will total from 20,000 to 25,000 bush els, Mr. Miller said. The growing season here looks highly favorable, Mr. Miller said, and it is probable that the can nery will use as many as 150 employes at the peak of the can ning season. The plant is equip ped to operate 24 hours daily, us ing three shifts. CHINESE SAY JAP FORCES I CRUMBLING Furious Fighting Continues [ in Japanese Advance on Hankow SHANGHAI, June 30. (UP) — Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek threw his crack German-trained divisions into the battle of the Yangtse river barricades south east of China's privisioner capital j in Hankow today and the Chinese war office claimed that invading I Japanese forces were crumbling in one of the greatest battles of the war. Yielding to pressure of Com I munists and other groups in his | "All-China anti-Japanese front," the generalissimo called off plans to send most of his personal army to his new secondary head- • 1 quarters in Hengchow, south1 of Hankow, and diverted them to • the Yangtse river battle. The Hankow war office said' "furious fighting is continuing along a 15-mile front on the south bank of the Yangtse around Matang" where Chinese infantry-1 men were trying to retake the ruins of the mud-walled forts j blasted yesterday by the big guns' of Japanese warships in the river. J It appeared the the Matang i barricade, first of the long series, j of Chinese obstructions across the) Yangtse below Hankow, still was partly in possession of the Chin-! ese, who were counter attacking despite a barrage by 50 Japanese warships in the river. The Chinese had brought up new batteries and were shelling the Japanese vessels. It was claim ed that one ship had been dis abled. "Numerous Japanese uig Xuug i have been disabled as result of close range broadsides by our ar tillery and the Japanese in many places have been driven back to the river bank and in some cases forced to retreat to their ships," a Chinese spokesman said. The Japanese spokesman in Shanghai merely said that "the Yangtse river drive is progressing satisfactorily." In Shantung province, delayed dispatched reported, the Japanese planes on Saturday bombed the town of Tsimo, 15 miles from the , bi£ Japanese base in Tsingtao, af ter the guerrilas halted railway and highway traffic. Two bombs hit in the grounds of the American Lptheran mission and seriously damaged its schools. Several Chinese school children i were wounded. Miss Elvira Strunk of Allen town, Pa., escaped unhurt when a bomb fell within twenty feet of her home and shattered furniture (Continued on page three J Unmoved by Love Sit-down Strike Although Mrs. Hedi Heusser, comcly red-haired divorcee,- in stalled herself as a voluntary prisoner in the master's bed room of his Irvington, N. Y., mansion to force: him to marry her, wealthy Rollo K. Blanch ard, above, remained unmoved. From his yacht, to which he fled when Mrs. Heusser made his castle her home, he declared he would not marry her, but neither would he dispossess her by law. 6Amm RETIRE JULY 1 Manager of Federation Warehouse to Retain Advisory Capacity The retirement of C. H. T. Biy as mana/fer of the Hendersonville warehouse of the Farmers Fed eration, effective July 1, was an nounced today by James G. K. McClure, president of the farm cooperative. Mr. Biy will continue to be as sociated with the Federation, how ever, in an advisory capacity, Mr. McClure said. He will be succeed ed in active charge of the ware house by William Francis, now manager of the Federation's Try on warehouse, who formerly lived in Hendersonville. A native of New York state, Mr. Biy came to Henderson coun ty 40 years ago. He first enter ed the dairy business, later open ed Hendersonville's first bakery and then, with his brother, F. A. Biy, operated a farm supply bus iness tor many years. He became manager of the Farmers Federa tion warehouse in April, 1925, two years after the organization of the Federation's local unit. "For some time," Mr. CcClure said, "Mr. Biy has been suggest ing to us that we relieve him of some of the heaviest of his re sponsibilities. He has done such a wonderfully fine job for the Fed eration that we arc naturally re luctant to relieve him of any re sponsibility. At the same time, we feel that he deserves the chance to take it a little easier and so, on July 1, Mr. Biy is retiring and we are retaining him in an ad visory capacity." C. of C. Directors, Merchants' Board Meet Friday 7:30 Directors of the Chamber of Commerce and of the Merchants' Division of the Chamber have jointly called a meeting: for Fri day night at 7-*30 o'clock at the city hall. Plans for participation in the Henderson County Centennial, to be staged here on the last day of July and the first three days of August will be discussed at thia meeting, and all merchants and business men are urged to at tend. TAXI PARTNERSHIP IS FORMED HERE Announcement was made todaj that Everett Rhinehardt and Troy Hoots had formed a taxi concern partnership. The new concern will operate from Shipp's Filling station, al the corner of Fifth avenue weal and Church street. FRANCE TAKES SAME COURSE; DELAYSACHON Escalator Clause Invoked By Britaia Today; Pre mier Under Hot Firi. ROW BREAKToVBI v; AIR DEFENSE LEAK ■ i LONDON, Juns St: (UP>— England and the United States h*ve decided to invoke Dm mciIi tor clause of the 198S London na val treaty, permitting them to build warships beyond treaty limits. Alfred Duff Cooper, first lord of the admiralty, has been dele gated to announce the decision, effective June 1. in the house of commons this afternoon. The treaty limits warships of the signatory nations to specific tonnage limits. France, third party in the treaty, has agreed to invocation of the escalator clause but doesn't intend to take advantage of it as long as the present European balance remtami unchanged. The escalator clause permits signatories to exceed treaty ton nage limits. Invocation of the clause fol lowed reports that Japan is build ing gigantic warships. Japan refused to subtcribe to the 1986 treaty because the Unit ed States and England would not recognise her claim to equality rights in naval total strength. PREMIER REVERSES STAND IN REVOLT LONDON, Jb» M. (UP) of one of it* wwSnr before the military tribunal, temporised to day end steved off what might have meant hit government's downfall. Chamberlain announced that the priviliges committee decided unanimously that summoning of Conservative Duncan Sandys be fore a military tribunal was a breach of parliamentary privilege. Duncan is accused of revealing military secrets on the house floor. ANGER AGAINST CHAMBERLAIN GROWS LONDON. June 30. (UP)— Prime Minister Neville Chamber lain's government, rocked by the wirespread anger against his "realistic" foreign policy, faced, a fight for existence m a storm cen tering on the official secrets act and a leak of air defense secrets. A constitutional issue and the possibility of a major cabinet crisis which Chamberlain has been struggling to avert, were involv ed in the controversy, which will be brought into the open with perhaps senstational disclosures in a hounse of commons debate late Thursday. Duncan Sandys, conservative member of parliament and son in-law of Winston Churchill, in formed commons late yesterday that a military court of injuiry had summoned him to appear be fore it in uniform today, in his capacity of an officer of the ter ritorial army. He was instructed, he said an grily, to testify regarding the | source of his recent house of commons statement regarding the British anti-aircraft weapons for home defenM. He had described the guns, quite minutely. "The question is this/' he shouted. How far is it permiss ible to compel a member of par liament to divulge the source -of information used by him in dis charge of his parliamentary dut ies ? "I submit to you that it is a gross breach of the privileges of this house that I should be sum moned to give evidence before this military tribunal.** Hore-Belisha, made war minis ter in a cabinet reshuffle by (Continued on page three) Mrs. Carson Will Be Given Burial This Afternoon Funeral services for Mrs. Mary M. Carton. 86, who died at Patton Memorial hospital yester* day morning, w*re being: held this afternoon at 4 o'clock at the Stepp Funeral Home. Mrs. Carson had been ill in the hospital for several weeks. A na tive of Pittsburgh, Pa., she is sir vived by two daughters, Mrs. W. H. Scott, of Little Falls, N. £» ; and Mrs. Fred R. Seibert, of Hen ; dersonville, with whom she ms4f her horns, . - " -.