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The times-news. [volume] (Hendersonville, N.C.) 1927-current, September 10, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER
Partly cloudy with riling tri
perjturri tonight and Sunday.
(Ltmrs -rsVtus
GOOD AFTERNOON
The British fleet is now concen
trated in Scottish waters, We
hope they realize whit a tight
*pot they're k.
Largest Daily Circulation of Any Newspaper in North Carolina in Proportion to Population
VOL. 57—No. 217
HENDERSONV1LLE, N. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1938
SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS
•y. .v. Y- Y- -r- -T- *i* 1- i
Nazis Mass Army On Czech Line
LONDON HEARS
OFFICERS NOT
BEHIND HITLER
Heavily Emphasizes That
No Instructions Sent
Envoy to Germany
KEY CABINET MEN
CONFER CONTINUALLY
I.O.\|M>.Y Sept. 10. I I T).
Kfpurts were published in l.on
iluii today thai iiermany had mass
»d au army of 200.000 on the
Austrian - (. /.i'c!u)>tuvukian front
ier.
i'he\ weif followed l>y a report
thut the government had received
iiilui mat ion tliat some hiu'h ot fl
eers of the Ut'i'uiail army v\ *• i «•
Adolf IlitU-r's polu\ in
the < zeclu»lovuk dispute.
Tlu* reports were circulated on
one of the jjravest days that Lon
«ion has seen in 20 years. Prime
Minister Neville Chamberlain and
key cabinet minister held confer
ences after conference in l>own- j
in? street.
They too?; remarkable nains to
assert that any reports as to l.rit
i>h action in the Czechoslovak
;ninoiit\ crisi> should not be ac
cepted, that they hail >ent no in
struction- to the British ambas
sador to (<et inaiiy. They annealed
to newspapers to avoid specula
tion.
I nose appeals louoweu if|HM i>
that Sir Nevile M«*rnlfison. the
British ambassador to Germany,
had been instructed or would bo
instructed to warn Germanv spe
cificallv that Great Britain coold
liot remain neutral in a war which
Germany started by attacking
• 'zechoslovakia.
At Nuremberg. where Adolf
Hitler is attending the Nazi party
annual rally, if was reported that
Sir Neville Henderson. British
ambassador, was awaiting an ur
gent dispatch sent to him from
London bv special courier. He
was expected to seek an immedi
ate audience with Hitler when the
dispatch arrived.
The government received re
ports from the French govern
ment last night of German troop
movements, it was understood.
Tht- newspaper Evening Stand
ard asserted that army authori
ties here had received information
that at least 200.000 German sol
diers were concentrated in a belt
..0 mi!e< <le».i> along the Au^trinn
Ozechoslovakia frontier. read\ to
move at a moment's notice. There
was information also, the news
paper said. that strong motorized
units and mechanized artillery
were massed in a second zone be
hind the advance belt, within inn
miles of the frontier, prepared t«>
follow any advance.
MINISTERIAL R00Y
TO CONFER TUESDAY
The retrular monthly meeting of
the Ministers association will l»e
held at the First Methodist church
on Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock.
All ministers of the countv are
welcome at these meetings.
PILOT. STUDENT HURT
SHREVKPORT. La.. Sept. 10.
— (UP)—Municipal airport night
manager Robert Emery. 27. ami
his flying student Edward F.
Khuades. 17. were injured yester
day when their cabin plane crash
ed just after taking to the air.
FIRST FEDERAL SAVINGS &
LOAN ASSN. BUYS FIFTH
AVF. BUILDING AS HOME
Now 'Messiah'
for Thousands
Although he has sought no <ii>
eiples. thousands of Jews haw
flocked to Moses Guibbory,
above, in Jerusalem where his
prophetic utterances come true
it) th<- past decade have con
vince*! many he is t!i«- lonj*
a waited Messiah. (Juibbury lift
ICussia for Palestine 1 i years
30,000 YANKEE
TROOPS ALONG
MEXIC BORDER
Forces Dwarfed by Those
Abroad But War
Games Played
WASHINGTON. St-1it. 10.—
I UP)—Thirty thousand Ameri
can troops have been assem
bled near the Mexican border
in routine maneuvers ami gen
eral precautionary measures
have been taken <>n other
t runts.
American officials are fully
conscious of huge armies mobil
ized in Europe which dwarf this
country's land forces.
Like some of the European
troop concentrations in strateg
ic areas, military moves along
th<* Mexican border have been
effected by routine maneuvers
and war games.
CORN WAREHOUSE BURNS
MEMPHIS. Tenn., Sept. 10 —
(IP)—An explosion caused by
spontaneous combusion in a corn
warehouse yesterday caused a tire
which destroyed the grain elevator
and warehouse of Davis and An
drews Mill with damage estimated
at between $65,000 and $100,000.
Farmers Of Louisiana's Bloody 6th'
Called To Bring Shot Guns to Polls
NEW ORLEANS. Sept. 10.
IUP>-—First pre-election blood
flowed in sanguinary sixth dis
trict's bitter campaign yesterday,
and bv nightfall word passed thru
the piney woods and strawberry
fields for farmers to bring their
shotguns to Tuesday's congres
sional balloting.
In the southeastern Louisiana
district where independent »i*ra
rians five years ago burned Huey
Loner's ballot boxes, a thrown
knife caught a supporter <»f James
H. Morrison under the ribs. Mor
rison, farm union organizer and
self-stvled Kingfish of the Berry
Belt. is opposing Congressman J.
K. Griffith. Shdell physician.
The shooting-irons have been
oiled since the farmers desrtoyed
ballots, swore in 5.000 deputies
against possible martial law, and
sent their own congressman to
Washington.
Long had Mrs. Bolivar E. Kemp,
a congressman's widow, nominat
ed without opposition. She receiv
ed 5.000 votes. But the "Bloody
Sixth" held its own ballot and
frtvp 15.000 votes to Y. San
ders, Jr., who later was elected
over Riley Wilson when eongress
declared the opposing elecitons
no contest.
Morrison, dnbhed the Robin
Hood of Tangipahoa parish,
sprang into national prominence
la<t >prirn; when he directed grow
ers *o dictating minimum retail
mark-up prices to leading chair
; stores. He has drawn on the late
Kiujrfish's strategy and platform
gymnastics.
So noisysorue did Morrison's
vicious attack on the "political
ifant;" become that Governoi
Rcihard Leche personally took thf
stump and directed the physician'?
treatment of the malignant polit
ical disturbance. The administra
i tion theme, ablv advanced b>
I^eche's editorial staff, wjis base<
I on "look what we give you vot
1 ers "
The administration newspaper
published in Morrison's bom*
(Continued on page three)
Will Recondition Structure
Before Occupancy
About Nov. 1
Tli*' First Federal Savings am
I.oiin Association *»f Henderson
viHe today purchased as its per
maneiit home tlie I• 11 iIti 1111'~ on Ml
| avenue uesl between Main am
ehuivli streets ;.nd now occupiei
by the II. Walter Fuller real es
tate office, Dr. J. (I. Bennett':
dental office, and the Quinn elee
trical shop.
D. II. Lee, secretary, said th<
association will recondition tlu
1 building and occupy the stuel
floor quarters ahont November 1
l)r. I'er.nett'- dental office on tlu
| second floor and the electrica
shop in the basement will not lit
affected by the change, it was
said.
The association has for the last
two years been occupying the for
mer quarters of the defunct Amer
ican Hank & Trust <"o., on Fourth
avenue west next to the post of
fice.
I he !• irtli avenue Duiltling was
purchasi d from tin* Virginia Trust
Co., through l!ro\vnluw Jackson as
airent. II was erected by Mr. Jack
sun 12 oi more years ago. It is of
briek construction and is 2.r»x55
feet in size on a lot 25x100 feet.
The building; and site are consid
ered ideal for the purpose of the
association, which was chartered
less than four years ago and now
has assets of $i{(JO.OOO.
Mr. Lee suid that directors <>f
the association in approving the
deal expressed confidence in Ihe
value of Ilendersonville real es
tate.
"This association," he said, "con
stantly advocates home ownership,
and in buying this building we are
doing nothing more than scores of
individuals in Henderson county
have done with our help. This aid
to home owners is, of course, made
possible by investments in the
stock of the association. These in
1 vestments are insured up to
U00 and the current dividend rate
is 4 per cent."
T. L. Durham is president of
the association; Bruce Drysdale is
vice-president, and J. Foy Justice
is attorney. Directors in addition
to the officers are: K. F. Latt, W.
M. Gregg. .1. X. Rrunson, Hoy C.
Bennett, Noah Hollowell, Roy K.
Johnson. («. C. Richardson and C.
M. Ogle.
$18,000 In Cash,
Checks Taken
From Messenger
s
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Sept. 10.—
(UP)—1Two bandits held up a
bank messenger and escaped with
$18,000 in cash and checks here
today.
The robbery occurred near the
Onio capitol building. The mes
senger, Richard Eckstein, 19, was
delivering a money pouch to the
bank when two men jumped from
an automobile, one grabbed the
bag, the other flourished a revol
ver and then they fled.
Citizens Bank
Receivership Is
Closed By Court
On petition by Hilliard B. At
kins. receiver for the Citizens Na
tional hank, closed here late in
19.'*0. Federal Judge E. Yates
Webh at Shelby Thursday direct
ed remaining assets of the bank
be sold to K. Y. Hill for $400,
thus completing the receivership
I of the bank. Certain papers in
the receivership operation are to
be banked and the remaining ones
destroyed by order of the court.
FRIDAY
I Maximum temperature—R.'J de
grees.
Minimum—62 degrees.
Moan—72.5 degrees.
! Day's range—21 degrees.
Normal mean temperature foi
September—66.9 degrees.
[ Rainfall to date—2.97 inches.
Normal rainfall—5.04 inches.
BAILEY LAYS
DIXIE'S ILLS
TO REST OF U S.
Bluntly Warns Other Sec
tions to "Keep Nose Out
of Our Business"
NATION HAS HEAVY
PRIMARY SCHEDULE
IMIillAM. Sept. Ml. (IT) —
Sen. Josiah Hailcv today placed
tilt* blame for tin* SoilUl's econo
tnic ills squarely on I lit* shoulders
of outside interference and blunt
ly warned other sections of the
country "to keep your nose out of
our business.''
Iiaile\ said the Sotllh bad been
discriminated attain I duriitv the
past and added, "Without fear
and equal chance in forming the
national policy the southern peo
ple proved their capacity to solve
their problems."
Senator llailev addressed the
state You lit* Democrats in conven
tion here.
11 STATE PRIMARIES
SET NEXT WEEK
WASHINGTON. Sept. lit. (IJI')
Tin. primary svumiii and President
Roosevelt's drive against conser
vative Democrats will reach its
climax lu'xt vvet'k during which
voting- will take place in 1 I states
ami nominating conventions in
another.
Maine's general election and
Maryland's primary in which the
New Deal is attempting to defeat
Senator Millard K. Tydings lead
id I on Monday.
On Wednesday Georgia will
pass on President Roosevelt's pol
icies in a primary in which the j
administration entered Federal
District Attorney Lawrence Camp
against conservative \\ a I I e r
George.
Between those days—on lues- i
day—are eight primaries of less
significance, in Arizona, Colorado,
Louisiana, Michigan, New Hamp
shire, Vermont, Washington and
' Utah.
, TYDINGS SAYS F. R.
REVERSES POLICY
BALTIMORE. Sept. 1(1. (Ill')
Senator Millard K. Tydings, as
sailing President Roosevelt's in
tervention in Maryland's Demo
cratic primary next Monday,
charged last night that the chief
executive himself once had criti- ,
(Continued on page live)
Is Spring Back?
Apple Trees On
Jump-Off Bloom
Spring evidently is here again.
According to J. H. Wright, the
apple trees in the old Toms or
1 chard, on Jump-Off Mountain are
i blooming again. To back bis
statement. Mr. Wright brought a
number of blooms to The Times
News office today.
He stated that a number of the
trees were in bloom, the matured
apples and blossoms being on the
i same trees.
According to Noah Hollowed,
recognized in certain quarters as
an apple expert, it is very unusual
, for apple trees to bloom twice in
a single season. Although, he
! says, we used to have a tree that
bloomed twice and brought in two
crops in a single season.
(iirl Exonerated
In Count's Death
lYftty Millie (laydoii, 2o-year
old cabaret cigaret girl, abuve,
wiiu was the last com pan i< >n of
tin- Count «»l* Covadonga, was
absolved of any blame I'lir liis
death in an early-morning au
tomobile collision with a light
pole. After testimony in which
.lack Fleming, the Spanish no
bleman's secretary, testified that
the fount's death-bed wish was
"For God's .sake, see that noth
ing happens to poor Millie," a
coroner's jury returned a ver
dict that the accident was "un
avoidable."
Last Czech Offer
For Equal Rights
Of All Minorities
But Protection Would Be
for All, Under Can
tonal Autonomies
PKAC1JK, Kept. 10. (UP) —
The Czech government's "final
and ultimate" plan of concessions
to tlie Sudeten German minority
provides for:
1 —Creation of autonomous dis
tricts in which the various minor
ity nationalities will be "protect
ed against oppression."
2 Equal rights for Czech, Ger
man, Hungarian, Polish, and
Kuthenian languages.
Protection of the minorities
not only against oppression from
the central government hut also
against "possible excesses of the
cantonal autonomous administra
(Continued on page live)
Two Afternoon Commercial Classes
Will Open At High School Tuesday
Inauguration of two afternoon
commercial classes by Henderson
ville high school next week was
announced today by Principal 1-.
K. Singley, who made the follow
ing statement in (his connection:
i "Beginning Tuesday afternoon
we shall operate afternoon classes
! in commercial work.
"From ii :30 until 3:30. in :««!
•lition to what we are offering in
the regular daily classes, we are
; scheduling a class in second year
shorthand. This class is designed
j primarily to take care of the reg
ular school students who want this
I work, but if there are any places
vacant the outside public may call
the hit^h school office and make
requests to take this subject.
"From 3:30 until 4:30 in the
afternoon, Typing One and Short
. hand One will be given. From
5:15 until 6:15 a class in Typing
| Two and Shorthand Two will he
arranged.
"We have made a vt*ry careful
canvass of possible students and
have endeavored to arrange this
work for the convenience of those
desiring this instruction. We feel
very fortunate in having secured
two very competent teachers who
u ill 11nvt- charge of the work. Mr.
H. K. Lyons, one of our regular
hiish school teachers and Miss
Kathleen Cleveland, who has had
wide experience as a teacher will
have charge of the afternoon com
mercial work.
"Anyone desiring to take this
work is asked to call the hiurh
school Office, telephone 1034. The
only charges in connection with
this work will be a small fee to
take care of the wear and tear of
the typewriters and other small
incidentals."
URGE CZECHS
MAKE NO MORE
j CONCESSIONS
France and Russia Firm in
Stand to Support
Little Ally
SEE OWN DEFENSE
AS PUT IN JEOPARDY
l'i:.\<;rK, ('-/.•-chnslovukia, S<-|it. J
10. (UP)—France and Russia I
have urged the government to
make uu more concessions to its 1
; C>« rnian minority or to Germany,
i it was reported today in well in
formed quarters.
Serpfe Alexundiov.-ky, the Ku?>
moii minister, \\a> said authorita
I lively to have told Foreign Minis
i ter Kamil Krofta that Russia is
behind her wilh millions ot° sol
diers hul only on condition that
there he no further surrender to
the Sudeten German party. He
was reported to have added that
to i'o beyond the latest govern
ment minority proposals, would
jeopardise the military defense of
Czechoslovakia and hamper any
military aid by Russia.
V let or Leopold de l.aCroiX, the
French minister, was reported to
have told Premier Milan llod/a
that it should not he necessary lor
the government to go beyond its
new offer.
I he.si* representations came co
ineiilcntuliy with a sharp warning'
l'rom Czech parliamentary leaders
tliat any great concessions tu mi- 1
norities might be repudiated by
parliament.
Premier Hod/.a and Krnst
, Knudt and Alfred Kosche,*of the
Sudeten German party, resumed
negotiations this morning on the
government's new minority plan.
Previously Foreign Minister Ka
' mil Krofta had reported to the
premier on a conversation he had
| with 1'r. Vojtech Mastny, Czech
oslovak minister to Germany, just
hack l'rom the .Nazi congress at
i Nuremberg.
\ It was with these developments
in mind that President Eduard
Menes prepared to address the na
| tion late today in both the Czech j
| and German languages.
lU-iies, in the belief that tht
Sudeten Germans speak for only j
a part of the German minority I
I and that the Germans of Czecho- \
I Slovakia as a body definitely do
I (Continued on page three)
BRITAIN AND
FRANCE READY
IN EMERGENCY!
Plans for Joint Action in
Final European Military
Showdown Complete
By WEBB MILLER II
(Copyright, 1938, United Pres») I
| LONDON, Sept. 10. (UP)—The I
British admiralty last night or-: t
dered mine-sweeping- flotilla No. 11
brought to full strength immedi-! I
ately and ordered up four mine- 1
sweeping destroyers from the na- I
val reserve as "precautionary \
measures" in the European emer- -
gency.
The reinforcement of Britain's
sea strength was officially attrib
uted to "the disturbed European
situation."
Forty-two warships of the home
fleet, loaded with unusually heavy
supplies of "live" ammunition, are
on maneuvers in the North Sea.
The fourth destroyer flotilla,
consisting of the Basiiisk, Beagle, '
Kempenfelt, Blanche, Boadicea, •
Boreas, Brazen, Brilliant, Keith I
arid Bulldog, arrived off Portland i
Isle in the English Channel for ; i
•'anti-submarine exercises not con
nected with the present interna-!I
tional situation." It was under-! i
stood, however, that several ves-; i
sels recently brought large quan.-j I
tities of oil to Portland. The flo-l
tilla was to proceed to Invergor- ]
don, Scotland, to rejoin the rest j I
of the home fleet after the exer
cises. 1 <
At the same time Britain and j 2
France perfected plans for merg- «
ing their armed strength in a gi- i I
gautic fighting machine, ready to j
spring into action on a few hours', <
notice, as the Czechoslovak crisis j
remained near the explosion point. 1
The two nations, linked in the i
most formidable defensive alliance i
in the world, took added precau- 1
tions almost hourly to cope with
(Continued on page three) i
MING THUNDERS WARNING
TO ffORLD TO KEEP HANDS
OFF CENTRAL EUROPEAN ROW
Only Some German Quarters Believt
Britain and France Can Now With
draw in Intervention Policy
NUREMBURG, Sept. 10. (UP)—Field Marshal Her
mann Wilhelm Goering today thundered a warning tti
the world to keep hands off central Europe. He declared,
"If fute should win and another world war comes, G<*i
many would not lose, but win." He called Czechoslovakia
an uiuuItUied state oppressing Sudeten Germans,
(By UNITED PRESS)
(iiral Britain and France today made ready for war.
Warships, artillery, tanks and troops were in motion.
On one man lay the decision. By a decisive gesture
he could stop the caissons from rolling or pursue a course
which must inevitably embroil the whole of the European
continent. He is Adolf Hitler and he was silent at Nu
remburg.
The kry to the answer, which is Britain's ultimate des
perate effort to head off disaster, was believed to be in
the hands of an obscure and unknown secret courier who
is understood to have arrived at Nuremburg with a dis
patch constituting Great Britain's final move on what may
be the eve of war. It was reported to be an order to Brit
ish Ambassador Neville Henderson to warn Hitler in cold
plain words that Britain is not bluffing and must join
France against Germany if Chechoslovakia is invaded,
thus starting war.
Field Marshall Hermann Goering, speaking at the
Na/.i congress in Nuremburg branded Czechoslovakia a-*
"a little state guilty of oppression." In a fiery speech,
which appeared to be largely a morale builder for hoin^
:onsumption, he mocked Great Britain's attempt to keep
peace, said that the Rome-Berlin axis is as good as ever
and pointed out that Germany, with the aid of Italy and
Japan, is stronger than ever.
There was no longer much doubt, excepting in some
quarters in Germany, that Britain and France meant busi
ness and have now gone too far to pull back.
British Ambassador Sir INeville<
Henderson last night cancelled hit
scheduled departure from Nurem
burg for Berlin and awaited new
instructions from London regard*
ng the message to Adolph Hitler.
A high Nazi diplomat said that
Hitler'i anger over Great Britain's
iwerve to greater sympathy with
the Czech position might impel
liim to proclaim a drastic course
of action when he ipcaki bcfoie
the matted Nazi ttalw«ru Mon
day night.
There were fear* in tome quar
ters that Der Fuehrer might d» •
mand a plebiscite in the Sudeteu
German areas of Czechotlovakin,
a development which France a!«
ready hat taid would be interpret*
ed by her at a hostile act.
Renewed Fighting By Czech Police
And Sudetens Imperiling New Truce
PRAGUE, Sept. 10.—(UP) —
•Mghting between crowds of Sude
en Germans and Czech police
iear the German border early to
lay jeopardized a truce providing
'or immediate resumption of mi
lority reform negotiations be
ween the government and Slide
en party.
The negotiations, which broke
lown Wednesday and drove cen
tal Europe's crisis closer to an
rxplosion, are scheduled to be re
'ived at 11 a. m. (t> a. m. EDT)
oday under an agreement an
lounced last night by .Premier
dilan Hodza and the chief Sude
en negotiator, deputy Ernst
Cundt.
The deadlock was broken when
he government assured Kundt
hat several police officials at
daehrisch - Ostrau, accused of
>eating and horse-whipping Sude
en deputies and followers, had
>een removed from their posts
md would be punished.
The Maehriseh-Ostrau "brutali
ies," which led Sudeten leaders
o break off negotiations abrupt
y for autonomous minority can
ions. were similar in some re
spects to the incidents reported
early today.
Five government gendarme:;
were injured in the new clashes.
At Bodenback in the Sudeten
land 3,000 Sudeten party mem
bers were said to have demonstrut
t*d outside a communist meeting
and to have been pelted with
stones, glasses and chairs. Tln»
Sudetens attacked police ^uardin^
the building, injuring two offi
cers.
The crowd was dispersed but
several thousand Sudetens assem
bled later, singing the forbidden
Nazi "Horst Wessel" song and
chanting:
I "One people, one fuehrer, <im«>
Heich."
At Friedberc in southern Bohe.
mia a group of Sudetens was re
ported to have attacked a group
of state gendarmes. Three of the
officers were injured, one beinjj
sent to a hospital.
Although the immediate effec
of the breaking of the nejjotij.
tions deadlock was one of deep
relief, a grave view was taken of.
the new reports of Sudeten-Czech
i (Continued on page three)
Roosevelt Denies Implication Of
Any U. S. Alignment To 'Stop Hitler'
HYDE PARK, N. Y., Sept. 10.
;UP)—President Roosevelt indi
■ated at a press conference late
Yesterday that the United States
las riot entered into any align*
nent with European democracies
n a "Stop-Hit:cr" movement.
He observed that some news
>aper interpretations of policies
vere 100 per cent wrong, account
ng for a false impression of ae
ualities.
Concerning domestic affairs, the
(resident defended the right of
hose jn relief to vote.
In a press conference before
ntraining for Rochester, Minn.,
ind the bedside of his ill son,
fames, the chief executive re
erred to the determination of a
:roup of New Jersey women to
leny suffrage to those receiving
»ublic aid, and observed perhaps
he next step would be for a sim
lar group to urge the ballot be
eserved solely for those with col
ege degrees.
The first question put to him
nvolved reports from Europe to
the effect an impression was grow -
ing there that the United State*
appeared to be normally alipnr.t
with the democracies in a Stop
Hitler movement.
This impression, it was pointed
out, took root as the result of
recent utterances on the part oi!
himself, Ambassador William C.
Bullitt in France, Ambassador
Joseph P. Kennedy in Great Bri
tain and Secretary of State Cor*
dell C. Hull.
In reply, Mr. Roosevelt indicat
ed there was no alignment and to
requests for a delineation of his
foreign policy respecting democ
racies abroad referred to past
speeches of himself and Secretary
Hull.
He took occasion at this junc
ture to recall that a press dispatch
of what Bullitt had said had been
categorically denied not only by
the ambassador but also by the
embassy in Paris.
The dispatch quoted Bullitt re
cently as asserting that the Unit
ed States stands with France "in
war ae in peace,"

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