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cHY WEATHER tonight and Sunday with change in temperature. Sitr STtm^js - ruv s -rfeSt —" Clrculat,»n «LAny Newspaper in. North Carolina in ProporH.n t„ Pnnni^n GOOD AFTERNOON That four-power pact Uft Ru> •ia holding th« Comck. HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1938 SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS IAPS WILL MODERATE CHINESE POLICY f iman* Fearful New Pol sh Law Would Dis franchise Deportees ST THEM BEFORE BECOMING CHARGES 7,:.n \\\. iviarui, Oct. 29.— | p .•! -.obaMy must ac , ~ -a::ils uf Jews I a:.> L . : :'ai v cles admitted : iay that negotia . : - ad*.* Bet hn to res v deportation order n>: y Jews living in Ger r. > progress. - : i-1'ti.'d obdurate 1 Zc •1 :.*;t. u: : - ^ citizenship law, 1...P Jews abroad to ! :'.s validated by to row those who refuse ( a.;, si- citizenship and .. ; - anent burden on cany. ■*..» mated that 9.000 . ... v. siting at the border, : i: train in the so-called . - ...• t etween stations r : Polish sides of the i lUr. »: •' iay the foreign ot .;:>ced that, as result c.- s with the German i>:v Germany had ec ■> ca \ -l the deportations r .^.-u:ed that Poland fl'.: : itt-rul to disfranchise » .n Germany under ••v \ tive at midnight pht. : • »!s said that the !'.t: , was under a ^ •> ::: assuming » •>. ' \s w ;.<i be depriv It was ex "• i.ev passport re ,r- -i •'< > '.'J* ;:.ean auto - "t • v. v .t /.t-nship. • •' ' •* 'ory set : - ■ ■ Polish au 1 * * * "■ •'•••• t, Keep the * :.ta: the frontier. 4SS DEPORTEES "UNDESIRABLES" EDWARD W. BEATT1E, JR. ted Prejj Staff Correspondent ERLIX. Oct. 29. (UP)—A s deportation of thousands of sn Jews. routed from their es throughout Germany in po inds, begun shortly before light when a train loaded i "undesirables" pulled up to frontier ar.d sent its passen aeioss to Polish soil. khough the German govern t's deadline for the mass ex ions had been fixed for mid it only a -mall part of those w it tiie round-ups appeared been deported and it was ttkd that some last-minute fcment might be reached by »arsaw and Berlin govern but this had failed to ma Kile. ^Polish frontier customs ■anan at Bentschener said a 5 ^frying between 600 and a: the deportees reached the *• a few minutes before mid :*sd that the prisoners en 'Poland without interference, j ?0rts from the Polish side » today indicated that more ' Lion of the deportees had Polish soil at various bur were being detained ■r:e frontier pending further by which Warsaw to tine h settlement with •toy. > u* :,ore^n office in Warsaw ••W that its announcement _ rtday to the effect that Ger ' r'a': ugieed, after diplomatic t(> cancel the deporta , wd ^een "premature." i*nna, where hundreds of continued on page three) icriff Davis Scapes Injury In Auto Wreck \\ y Davis narrowly serious injury Thursday nil , t*! b:s automobile was ^ '"m the highway by an jT an«| struck a tree. occurred on the ta -'hwa-v South Car Davis was return L' ,,a business trip to Green time. ' •oad !'al was ^orced from ;Jv a car coming in the fed*,/ ri°'« on the wrong * road. Star's Romance Fades I One of Broadway's most cele brated romances, the 12-year marriage of Kthel Shutta, above, to orchestra leader George 01 sen. will end in divorce, accord ing to reported plans of the > blond*.- singing star of stage, screen and radio. "It's just a case of our not being able to i get along together." she said. The couple will share custody | of their two children, Charles and George. Jr. E. N. SCOVILLE 1 PASSES AWAY Funeral Will Be Sunday Afternoon at Orange- I burg, S. C. E. N. Scoville, prominent resi-1 dent of Orangeburg. S. C., and a 1 summer resident here for many' years, died suddenly at Orange burj? yesterday, according to in formation received here. Mr. Scoville had spent the sum mer here at his home on Sixth avenue west, and had returned to Orangeburg only about two weeks ago. He had been in ill health for the past several years, but was believed improved. The funeral services will be held in Orangeburg on Sunday af ternoon at 3 o'clock. Mr. Scoville is survived by his widow and a number of other rel atives. 10 ARE ARRESTED IN FLORIDA ON ALIEN SMUGGLING CHARGE MIAMI, Fla., Oct. 29. (UP)— W. B. Thomas, inspector in charge of the federal immigration service here, yesterday announced the ar rest of two more men, bringing to 10 the total taken in custody with in a week, in connection with alien-smuggling activities. They were Howard Parker, 42, of Miami, and John Devaux, ne gro, of Key Largo. They were placed under $500 bond by U. S. Commissioner Roger E. Davis and held for a hearing. CATS TAKE WAYNESVILLE INTO CAMP 7-2 TO BREAK SIX-YEAR LOSING STREAK TO VISITORS __<«!> MIAMI SCHOOL SESSIONS HERE FIXED EVENTS Florida Institution to Hold Spring and Fall Terms in County After an October session, held at Camp Carlyle, on the Chimney Rock highway, it has been defi- j nitely announced that spring: and ; fall sessions of Miss Harris' Flor- j ida School, an exclusive Miami in- j stitution, will be held here each | year. The October session held this' year was successful in every way, it was .stated by officials, and it is felt that the holding of sessions here wiH promote the health of students. A number of the students were so delighted with this section that they signed a petition requesting the time here be extended. The entire school will shortly move to Miami, the younger girls leaving this week-end, and the old er pupils leaving by special cars on Monday. While here students have en-j joyed trips to many points of in terest in thits section, have en gaged in horseback trips and gen eral outdoor activities. The school will come back to this section next May for the spring session. Committee Finds Against Railway | Wage Cut Plan Roosevelt Told 5 Reasons Why Wage Reductions Inopportune WASHINGTON, Oct. 29. (UP) President Roosevelt's emergency fact-finding board rejected today the demand of railway manage ment for a 15 per cent wage cut affecting 960,000 workers. The board listed five reasons in recommending that railroads with draw their cut notice: 1. Wages of railway labor are not high enough as compared to other industries; 2. Horizontal reduction of-wages on a national scale would not meet the financial emergency of the in dustry; 3. Wage reduction would run counter to the trend of wage rates j in industry generally; 4. Financial distress of carriers is a short term situation and, as such, cannot be regarded as grounds for a wage cut. especially in view of present indications of improvement in business of the carriers; 5. In view of the findings car riers should cancel their notices of the impending wage cut. 28 WORKERS LAID OFF ANDERSON, S. C.—Wage-hour limits were blamed for laying off 28 bagging men here Friday. RUMANIA TOTALITARIAN AS DEMOCRATIC AID IS WANING V BUCHAREST Oct. 29. (UP) — Rumania today became a complete totalitarian state, similar to Nazil Germany and Fascist Italy. Acting under orders of King Carol II. Victor Iamandi, minister of justice, renounced the last rem nants of liberal institutions and proclaimed 1U0 per cent totalita rian principles, including the one party system and corporative or ganization. Iamandi's announcement coin cided with disclosure that Carol will leave for London next month on an official visit and will remain there several weeks, instead of a few days as originally contem plated. Iamandi frankly admitted that international considerations, re sulting from the recent European crisis, had contributed to the de cision to establish a totalitarian state and wipe out remaining lib eral institutions. "We live in a world where new 1 methods full of dynamic develop ments and increasing offensive forces demand a revision of the very structure of the state," he said. Since the World war Rumania, a nation of about 20,000,000 peo ple wedged in among the quarrel ing countries of central and south eastern Europe, had been an in tegral part of the French system of alliances and a member of the French-dominated Little Entente. During the Czechoslovak crisis, Carol's government was brought into the center of the troubles when Russia sought the right to move troops and war materials across Rumania in event the So viets were called upon to carry out their military alliance with the Czechs. Rumania was cool to the plea. When Carol's royal dictatorship was established last February sev eral loopholes were left open for an eventual return to democratic machinery of government, includ (Continued on page three) 4th Quarter Touchdown on Pass, Quarles to Drake, Turns the Tide Ilendcrsonville's Bearcats went to bat in the fourth quartet yes terday afternoon, scored a 7 to 2 win over the Waynesville Moun taineers and broke a six-year los ing streak to the lads from Hay wood on the athletic field before a large crowd. Listless and slow in the first half, the Cats got behind the eight ball when Waynesville blocked two punts in succession to score a safety, but the locals surged back in the fourth to score a touchdown on a pass from Quarles to Drake. It was fourth down and the pass was good for 20 yards. The Cats were butter-fingered all afternoon, fumbled six times, losing the ball on two occasions, and much yardage on the other four. The visitors had a slight edge on running attack, but made only one first down in the entire sec ond half. The Cats mac e two first downs in the first half and four in the second. LOCALS HAVE EDGE ON THE AIR ATTACK Quarles passed well, giving the ' locals an edge on the air attack with 80 yards against 8 through the air for the visitors. The Cats passed 16 times, completing 5 and,. Waynesville tried the air 14 times,! completing 2. Although 30 passes were tossed, there were no inter ceptions. The Cat pass defense was bet- j ter than in any previous game, j and the Mountaineers completed i only two short tosses. Due to the high wind, both' teams had trouble punting. Way nesville had a punt blocked in the j first period and the Cats had two , blocked in the third. Another of Quarles' boots went straight up for no gain. Hendersonville took the open ing kickoff, punted and the vis itors made a first down to mid-; field. B. Milner's punt was block ed and the ball went to the Cats 1 on Waynesville's 48. After a punt exchange, Quarles tossed to Miller, the pass and run J being good for 45 yards to Way nesville's 26. Miller was almost! away or. the play. Quarles failed to gain, McCrary took a pass from Quarles for 5 yards, but two other passed failed and the threat end ed on the visitors' 6 yard line. Waynesville made a first down to start the second, and Quarles fumbled Milner's punt, McCrary recovering on the Cat 27. The Cats worked a forward lateral with Yarborough winding up for a first down. After two punt exchanges,! Waynesville made a first down i and then punted to Quarles on ■ Hendersonville's 20. Miller fum-, bled to lose 2 yards, and Quarles | (Continued on nage three) County's School Population 6037; 424 In City H. S. Edneyville High and Gram mar Grades Enroll 615 Pupils Henderson county has a school population of 6,037, according to enrollment figures of city and county school systems. Of this number 5,590 are white ' and 447 are colored. Children enrolled in the city elementary schools total 616, the largest single unit, and the enroll ! ment at the Edneyville high and i i elementary school is second with 6i5. The enrollment at the city high school this year is 424. Enroll ment by school units is as follows: Hendersonville: high school 424, ( i elementary 616, colored high school 74, colored elementary 224. Edneyville 615, Bat Cave 72, Balfour 303, Dana 544, Etowah 441, East Flat Rock 577, Flat ! Rock 300, Fruitland 100, Fletch er 416, Mills River 514, Tuxedo 366, Valley Hill 302. | County colored: Brickton 39, East Flat Rock 77, and Edney ville 33. | High schools in the county are located at Edneyville, Dana, Eto wah, Flat Rock, Fletcher, and Mills River. Of the total enrollment, 2,897 , are in schools in Hendersonville I township. IDEAL AND ILH1ES WILL PLAN DEFENSE Billions Will Be Expended to Fuse Facilities for a I War-Time Program CONDITIONS BRANDED 'SERIOUS' WEAKNESS By ARTHUR F. DEGREVE U'r* d Prets Staff Corre»pondent Vf ASHINGTON, Oct. 2i>. (UP). Th j federal government and the leading public utility companies have agreed to start work at once on p broad program designed to fus4 power facilities in the na tions strategic war materials cen ters into an integrated system and thui remove what President Ro<«sevelt branded as a "serious" national defense weakness, it was amiiounced last night. T le agreement was made known by Assistant Secretary of Wsr Lo lis Johnson, chairman of a coumittee named by Mr. Roose vel on September 7 to recommend leg slation and take other steps to sal jguard this country against a shirtage of electrical energy in the event of war. 'he project calls for the imme diii :e expenditure of $350,000,000 fo equipment and construction, bu authorities said more than $2, 00*000,000 will J>e spent over a ?M?^rear period iA effectuating the first phase of the program. Johnson emphasized that plans re vealed yesterday constitute mere ly a start toward solution of the problem. Two of the multi-billion dollar power industry's most powerful j executives hailed the development ! not only as important in the in- i terest of national defense, but j forecast that it will give a potent | filip to economic recovery. Their j participation in the program was viewed by some as a hopeful sign j pointing to the end of the war be tween the New Deal and the in dustry. C. E. Groesbeck, head of the I electric bond and share system which has been in the forefront j of the fight against New Deal utility reforms, said the program affords an excellent demonstra tion of what can be accomplished when government and business "sit around the table in a coopera tive spirit." "The program is of great na tional significance not only as re lating to the defense program of (Continued on page four.) CITY'S HIDDEN TAX BILL SAID $334,152YEARLY National Commission Mak es Statement Following Full Survey ■ i Families of Hendersonville and vicinity pay $334,152 annually in taxes on their retail purchases j alone, according to a survey by the National Consumers Tax com mission. Most of that amount is paid through hidden taxes in higher prices on food, clothing, fuel, medicine and other daily purchas es, a report of the survey stated. The survey, directed from the commission's headquarters in Chi cago, was made public through Mrs. Rufus L. Allen, of Waynes ville, the North Carolina member of the commission's national com mittee. She said the analysis was based on total retail sales in Hen dersonville's 117 stores of $2,142, 000, as reported by the U. S. bu reau of the census. Mrs. Allen, describing the com mission as representing a nation wide fight by housewives on hid den and direct taxes that "penal ize the consumer," declared: "Every day shoppers, whether they know it or not, carry a ma jor share of the nation's $12,300, 000,000 tax burden. Hitmen taxes, increasing the cost of even the necessities of life, furnish 63 per cent of all local, state and nation al x'evenues." Mrs. Allen, who said commis sion units are being organized throughout North Carolina in the nation-wide fight, pointed out the Hendersonville tax figure concerns retail sales only and does not in clude the many other taxes, hid den and direct, which families here have to pay. Overshadowing U. S. Rival Homeward bound to Lunnenberg, Nova Scotia, goes the schooner Bluenose in the striking photo above, with her speed championship of the North Atlantic fishing fleet successfully defended against the American challenger, the Gertrude L. Thebaud of Gloucester, Mass. Most exciting race of the three-out-of-five series off Boston was the fifth and deciding one. Bluenose finished the thirty-flve and-a-half mile triangular course only 2 minutes and 50 seconds aiieau <ii iWr American riviX. - JAPS PUSHING CHINA DRIVE Foreign Pressure Grows; American Missionary's Child Killed By ROBERT BELLAIRE United Pre*i Staff Correspondent SHANGHAI, Oct. 29. (UP) — Japan drove forward with her conquest of China today in the face of increasing opposition from the great powers, including the United States. There was a noticeable harden ing in the Japanese attitude and occidentals in Shanghai believed that extremists in Tokyo had con verted the Japanese premier, Prince Fumimaro Konoye, to their doctrine that complete Jap anese domination of east Asia must be established once and for all time. Events indicating the determin ation of the Japanese included: In Paris the foreign office con firmed reports that Japan had pro tested to France against alleged shipments of arms entering south west China from French Indo China—an action which was con sidered possibly to portend Jap anese occupation of the big Chi nese island of Hainan which dom inates the sea approaches to France's south Asian empire. Meantime Paris called Tokyo's attention to the fact that Japan has blockadea the Yangtse river in at least a technical violation of international law since she has made no formal declaration of (Continued on page three) SALUDA HAS NEW MINISTER Dr. Elliott of Texas, Ac cepts Pastorate of Pres byterians There SALUDA, Oct. 29. (Special) — The Presbyterian church in Salu 1 da is very fortunate in securing the services of Dr. W. M. Elliott as pastor. Dr. Elliott is highly ! spoken of by the board of elders , of the church which he has serv ed in Colorado, Texas, since 1922. He is esteemed as a very fine preacher, an earnest and sincere pastor beloved by his people, lives what he preaches and has honesty and sincerity of purpose, making him a frien dof both young and old, in his former fields of ser vice. Dr. and Mrs. Elliott were here for a while last summer and the congregation are rejoiced that he is to be hore permanently. He has two sons, one the pastor of the Druid Hills Presbyterian church in Atlanta, and one study ing for the ministry. The Burford residence which i the trustees of the church bought recently is being fitted up for their residence. TO END PRISON HIRE LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Oct. 29.' (UP)—Gov. Carl E. Bailey last, night predicted abolition of the practice of counties hiring out misdemeanor prisoners to private individuals. SPANISH LOYALIST PLOT TO ! GET PLANE PARTS DISCLOSED WASHINGTON, Oct. 29. (UP) Secretary of State Cordell Hull last night disclosed that the de partment of justice is investigat ing a plot by a Spanish loyalist agent, posing as a representative of the Turkish government, to ob tain American airplane parts for use in the Spanish civil war. Hull said the occurrence was one of two attempts during the past year by Spanish agents to i circumvent provisions of the neu trality act and tjie American em I bargo against arms and munitions ! shipments to Spain. In the second case the Spanish agent posed as a J representative of the Greek gov ernment, he said. The disclosure was made by Hull in refuting a story contained in a Washington newspaper col umn (the Washington Merry-Go Round) charging that Jos. Green ; of the war munitions board had refused to issue export licenses in the two instances because the planes "might be going to the i Spanish loyalists." In a formal statement Hull said that 50 Grumman pursuit planes were ordered from a Canadian company by an agent of the Span ish government in Paris who fur nished documents "purporting to show that the planes had been ! purchased by the Turkish govern i ment." Subsequently the state depart ment issued iicenses to several American companies authorizing exportation of aircraft engines I and parts to Canada with the un derstanding that they were to be assembled in Canada and that the assembled planes would remain in I that country, Hull said. When it was discovered that the parts had been used to fill the Spanish agent's order the export 1 licenses were revoked, he said, but not before approximately 40 planes had been transshipped from Canada to Spain. Hull add ed that the documents presented to the Canadian government by the purchaser were declared to be 1 forgeries by Turkish officials. TO COOPERATE WITH BRITISH. NOV BELIEVED Cabinet Reformation Seen as Defeat for Japanese Extremists FRANCE WILL QUIT LEAGUE FOR ALLIANCE TOKYO, Oct. 29. (UP)—Jap anese Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye today reformed his cabi net. He appointed Hachiro foreign minister, succeeding; General K. Ugaki, who resigned early this month. The premier had held the portfolio until today. Yoshiaki Hata was appointed overseas minister. Arita was an adviser to the for eign minister before Ngaki re signed and when Ugaki stepped out because of opposition to the army's plan for a special govern ment bureau to deal with the Chi na question, Arita also resigned. The fact that he has now been selected to replace Ugaki would indicate that the premier still fa vors a liberal program for China. When Ugaki resigned it was wide ly known the premier hoped that eventually Ugaki could be brought back to public life. Arita's appointment was con sidered a victory for moderate elements in the cabinet who had been fighting demands of extrem ists for complete Japanese domi nation of all of China. Arita has held the foreign post before and is a veteran diplomat of wide international experience. He will favor a program of close cooperation with Great Brit ain, it is expebted, and will at tempt to obtain British support for an early end of the war with China. FRANCE TO WORK FOR 4-POWER TREATY PARIS, Oct. 29. (UP)—The foreign affairs committee of the Radical-Socialist party congress, meeting in Marseilles, last night called for virtual abandonment of France's system of alliances in fa vor of a four-power alignment with Great Britain, Germany and Italy. The foreign affairs resolutions committee overrode the objections of former Premier Edouard Her riot, staunch supporter of Prance's military alliance with Soviet Rus sia, who walked out on the com mittee during its discussions. The resolution omitted all ref erence to the Franco-Soviet pact, which has been the keystone of France's system of continental al liances. The recommendations of the committee conform with a speech which Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet will make before the con gress today, announcing a shift away from France's League of Nations ideology in favor of "big four" collaboration for the pres ervation of peace. The resolution expressed hope that the four-power Munich ac cord will "mark the beginning of more extensive negotiations which, without prejudice to any of our old friendships, will allow perma nent improvement in our relations with Germany and Italy." "The 36th congress regrets that as result of a series of faults for which neither the party nor its men are responsible, the League of Nations no longer is in a con dition to assure security within respect of law to all peoples," the draft said. The foreign affairs committee added that It was hoped that the four-power collaboration would lead to an international confer ence where "according to Presi dent Roosevelt's wish," means of remedying the world's economic disorder will be examined. Foreign Minister Bonnet will tell the Radical-Socialist party congress at Marseilles today that France h*s decided to abandon her League of Nations ideology and rely on "big four" collabora tion with the dictators for the preservation of peace. Bonnet was to have addressed the congress yesterday but his speech was postponed due to a fire which swept the center of Marseilles. Nation Will Miss 'Polio' Epidemic WASHINGTON, Oct. 29. (UP) The nation will escape an infan tile paralysis epidemic this year for the first time since 1932, the U. S. Public Health Service pre dicted today. The forecast was based on tin few cases reported during Sep tember when the rise of this dis ease reaches its peak.