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gain and colder tonight. Sun partly cloudy, little change in ©lui GOOD AFTERNOON The elections should serve to emphasize the obligation of the Democrats to the Republican party. VOL. 57—No. 277 Largest Daily Circulation of Any Newspaper in North Carolina in,Proportion to Population ill*:, HENDERSONVILLfc, N. C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1938 SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS [Japan Prepares Far East New Deal Demands b REOPEN QUESTION OF US. RELATIONS epJy to Latest U. S. Note I Conciliatory But Tokyo ■ to Yield Nothing ft DETERMINED TO I CONTROL EAST ASIA I; KY Nov. 19. (UP)—Japan Be..-- ared to demand a now B se-American rela I. . issne a declaration I- the Japanese viewpoint ■ ■ future. ■ I : mats placed this interpre ■t the Japanese reply to K • >te of last month K against "unwarranted ■t- nee" w ith American rights H• ,i by the Japanese. m7r.~ reply was handed to Ani ■ C. Grew here last and, while its tone generally m- conciliatory, diplomats at Ehed the greatest significance to ■concluding paragraphs in which k Japanese government "rweit I for another occasion a state ftut regarding the treatment of ■anese in American territory." ■i*. was believed the Japanese ■ to open up the whole Bestiun of Japanese-American re B ns and to ur>je that the L'nit I - ktes abandon such principles I »n - of Japanese immi ■fcr'.? from American territory, to H v.n. Tokyo lonjf has objected. ■T'.- Japanese reply, while ■ ess blunt language Ib:'. the American note which K'it tl ree specific requests of the lt:a' ese government, showed that ■t Ja do not intend to ■t 1 ' ■ ited States in China ■ : the* are determined to Kk'.- good their declaration that B iominant power in Asia. I. S. NOT PLEASED BY WANESE REPLY ■ B> MACK JOHNSON ■ Staff Correspondent B v Nov. 10. (UP) ' officials last night ■ tion with Ja V to the United States -t infringement of lights ::i China, as guar » nine power treaty, >rmal comment * nal srtudv by Sec 1 Cordell Hull. I hich reached here K. ta-h'on daring the ■ denied that Japan is ■1 '. *■ treaty, said that ■ 1 " 'i return to cities ■ China without "restric V : pledged reestablish ■ ormality" as sooa as ■* I '• 1 that the note. ■ ■'! to protests by the K iring the past six in "garbled" con ■ 'hat some "clarifica I mist be made before Hull ■ tu :e a formal study. I- ated, however, that ■ be some official re ■ I • occupied vesterdav M meeting and with B\Pr details of the recipro ♦■cment program with ■ *:United Kingdom. I n of the note in news ■ «ght informal opinions ■ • "bservers that the Jap I 'i to explain ade Bit*:^,1''* ,n,elr, OWn commercial I*"":' c'"u'd function without f - • , / s°-called "danger ■ ;' u, uhiie foreign in I On " deluded. I ,L .. ' of the note, which continued on page three) ft CABINET I CHANGES soon ■Sources Close to President I «y Personnel to Hold I Several Months Vov-1»- (L'p). I' I 1 further changes I W-VI■It'-: cabinet, I the president to I -'i remain unchang I nontW. I airifd as Roosevelt ■^•Week* ,v'' tomorrow for a I ation at Warm I' J having named a ■^•iiiirv . Att0™ey General ■ " lesignation, ef J'Ua»y l, has been ac Trade Envoy Is Recalled Douglas Miller, United States commercial attache at Berlin, has been recalled to Washing MARSHALL H.S. STAGES 13 TO I VICTORY HERE Tremendous Driving Power Takes Cats Off Feet; Lo cals in One Offensive Marshall high school's undefeat ed and unscored on football team kept its record intact here yester day afternoon, rolling: over Hen-1 dersonville's Bearcats 13-0. Displaying- tremendous power in their running attack the visitors j rolled up 17 first downs and liter ally drove the Cats off their feet. Taking the ball early in the first' quarter on their own 45-yard line, with Tweed and Bradburn furnish ing most of the power, the visitors rolled up four first downs and pushed across the Cats' goal in 11 plays, Tweed going over and pass ing to J. Nix for the extra point. Hendersonville was unable to pain on running plays and their only threat of the first half came when Quarles passed 31 yards loi Drake who ran 22 more to the Marshal! 28-yard line before being: pulled down from behind. The visitors braced there and stopped the Cats in their tracks. A bad pass by YV. Rector, Mar shall center, pushed them back to their own 5-yard line but Quarles fumbled the punt-out and Mar shall recovered to pull out of dan ger. • Early iu the second half Coach Ramsey's boy started another drive that pushed to the Cats' 25 yard line but a fumble halted the drive. However, on a forward lateral Orr fumbled the lateral and Mar shall recovered on the 31-yard line. In nine plays Tweed and Bradburn drove to the 2-yard line and Crow drove over for the mark er. A line plunge for the extra point failed. Hendersonville's only offensive drive came after the next kick-off as Quarles returned it 20 yards Co the Cats' 40-yard line. Chandler got a yard but Quarles added 1G in two tries and followed with 11 more. J. Nix, however, intercept ed a pass to stop the drive. In the final period Quarles con nected on a pass to Drake for 33 yards but the Cats could gain no (Continued on page five) C.I.O. READY TO SUPPORT NEW LIBERALLAWS Perfected Organization to Further Campaign for Membership FASCISM FLAYED AS NATIONAL POLICY PITTSBURGH, Nov. 19. (UP) Leaders of the CIO today pie pared to carry out the mandate of the first convention and initi ate immediately an unremitting drive to unionize mass production workers. Two new international charters were granted to the Plating and Novelty Workers union and Fish ermen and Allied Workers. John Lewis said also the cam paign to organize workers of the Ford Motor company would be in tensified. Intensified membership drives will be conducted in little steel, cement, rubber, glass, packing, furniture and textile industries. The Congress of Industrial Or-1 ganizations ended its first conven tion yesterday after a tumultuous session in which whooping dele gates elected John L. Lewis presi dent, opposed any change in the Wagner Labor Act and demanded that the United States cooperate with other democracies to combat the spread of fascism in the wes tern hemisphere. Elected as" Vice presidents to! serve with Lewis were Philip Mur ray, white-haired chief of the Steel Workers Organizing Com-1 mittee, and Sidney Hillman, presi dent of the Amalgamated Cloth- i intr Workers. James B. Cary, 27-1 year-old boss of the electrical workers, was named secretary-1 treasurer and a 42-man executive board was chosen. The delegates drafted a far reaching program of social, politi cal and economic action during their five-dav session. They went on record overwhelmingly in fa-1 vor of President Roosevelt's "so cial and humanitarian" policies; they endorsed his criticism of Nazi persecution of Jews in Germany; they called for a two-year public works program to provide jobs i and recommended a $5,000,000,-, 000 housing program. The delegates cleared the way for an AFL-CIO clash in congress, this winter over the Wagner Act by opposing without qualification "all changes whatsoever." They adopted a resolution condemning attacks on the law and on the National Labor Board and de plored the "support given anti-1 Democratic corporate interests' proposing revisions "by certain reckless and unscrupulous office holders in the labor movement who have presumed to advance their own unsound and untimely recom mendations for amendments." Widespread changes in the act were demanded bv the AFL con (Continued on page four) Seek To Free 2 Trapped In Mine SHENANDOAH, Pa., Nov. 19. (UP).—Weary rescue crews to day worked in relays to reach! two bootleg coal miners trapped in an isolated shaft on a moun tainside near here. | After 19 hours labor the work-, ers were within 15 feet of the men. No communication was pos sible wth the entombed men and it was not known whether they were trapped dead or alive. British Press Reports 200 German Jews Die Before Firing Squads In Buchenwald Concentration Camp MANCHESTER. England, Nov. 19. (UP) — The Manchester . Guardian's diplomatic correspond ' ent reported yesterday that he had learned "reliably" that 200 German Jews had been executed at the Buchenwald concentration camp. ! The Guardian, a critic of Chan cellor Adolf Hitler and frequently banned from newsstands in Ger many, said it had been confirmed that 70 Jews were executed on the nipht of Wednesday, Novem ber 9, two days after the shooting in Paris of a minor German dip lomat by a 17-year-old Polish Jew. i The 70 executions occurred, however, before the death of the diplomat, the newspaper said. Since November 9, it was as serted, additional executions had brought the total number at Buchenwald to about 200. The Nazi diplomat, Ernst von Rath, died of his wounds in Paris on November 9. The executions were carried out by Nazi firing squads. The Guardian gave its estimate of the number of Jews arrested throughout Germany, not includ ing Austria and the Sudetenland, as nearly 40,000. Plymouth Rock to HearfRabbi Condemning; anti-Semitism, tne Plymouth, Mass., Council of Churches broke a 317-year prec edent to invite Rabbi Samuel A. Friedman to preach the Thanks giving Day sermon in the his toric Church of the Pilgrimage. He is pictured at Plymouth Rock. MAROONS BEAT RIDGIANS19-0 Locals Stopped in First Quarter; No Opportun ity for Scoring ASHEVILLE, Nov. li).—Strik ing for two touchdowns in the second period and a third score in the fourth, the Asheville high Ma roons defeated a stubborn Blue Ridge Hilltopper team here yes terday afternoon by a score of 19 to 0. Asheville capitalized three of four scoring opportunities while a stout Maroon line halted the vis itors, who never had a real scor ing opportunity. The Hilltoppers' best offense was shown in the opening min utes of the game, when the vis itors got the ball on a punt and i tolled up three first downs. Stopped cold in the first quar ter, the Maroons took to the air in the second. A 26-yard pass from Burns to Justice advanced to the Blue Ridge 35. A second first down was added and Hamp ton passed to Justice from the 13 yard line for a touchdown. Rollins recovered Gardner's fumble on the Hilltopper 1*7 short ly afterward. Burns picked up 12 yards and a five-yard penalty put (Continued on page five) Girl Scouts Will Hear Dr. Camak Sunday Morning The annual sermon to the Girl Scouts of Hendersonville will be delivered tomorrow morning at the 11 o'clock service of the First Methodist church by the pastor, Rev. D. E. Camak. This service, which is undenom inational in nature, is held each year, honoriner the founder of the Girl Scout movement, and Rev. Camak has taken for his subject: "A Good Scout." Seats will be reserved for all Girl Scouts, who will open the ser vice with a processional. Mrs. R. L. Gibbs today requested that all Scouts be at the church ten min utes before, the hour for the ser vice. All parents and friends of Scouts are especially invited to attend. MUNICH PEACE IS INJURED BY DRIVE ON JEWS Revelation Comes as Bri ton Moves Toward Defi nite Refugee Aid TWO BRITONS ASSAIL ACTIONS OF HITLER By JOSEPH W. GRIGG, JR. United Pre** Staff Correspondent LONDON. Nov. 19 (UP)—Two members of Prime Minister Nev ille Chamberlain's cabinet,yester day admitted publicly that the "horror" of Germany's anti-Jew ish drive had struck a severe blow to the government's hope of bringing Fuehrer Adolf Hitler in to a scheme of European peace. Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir John Simon, No. 2 figure in the government (intimated strongly that Britain must "recognize the reaction of world opinion" and put aside at leasf. temporarily the plan of general appeasement for mulated after the Munich four-l power pact. While Simon was speaking at Rhyl in North Wales, the Mar quess o: Zetland, secretary of state for India, told a meeting at Tor quay that his hope for a new era of peace resulting from the Mn-i nich accord had been "hudely sha-! Ven by the events in Germany." i Lord Zetland announced that trrv "fcritish go'ver 11 Hf enV. "*tm the jaasis of.investigations throughout] the far-flung colonial possessions.] would bb able to find a haven of refuge "for some at least" of Ger-| many's Jews. This was the first definite an nouncement of results from a, movement, due largely to the in- j itiative of U. S. Ambassador Jos. P. Kennedy, to carry out a huge: migration plan whereby Britain would furnish the land for settle ment and the United States would furnish most of the funds for financing. Simon, discussing the refugee plan, said: "We have telegraphed the gov ernors of a number of colonies where some settlement mipht be possible and expect to make a statement in the house of com mons at the beginning of next week." He struck back sharply, as did the Marquess of Zetland, at the statements of German Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels ac cusing Britain and the United States of "meddling" in a purely German internal matter—the re strictions against the Jews. The statements of Simon and Lord Zetland regarding the Mu nich accord were significant in that they followed the first major rebuke of Chamberlain's foreign policy at the polls, particularly the "peace of Munich." Returns from the parliamentary by-election in Bridgewater, Som erset. showed a victory for Ver non Bartlett, an independent con servative who campaigned on a warning against "the grave dan gers of Chamberlain's foreign policy." Bartlett, 44-year-old journalist and radio commentator, ran as an independent progressive to win by 19,540 votes to 17,208 from the government national conservative candidate, Heathcoat Amery, in the normally conservative strong hold. CYCLONES HIT 2 STATE AREA One Person Killed, Nine Injured, Buildings Are Wrecked, Damaged NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 19 (UP) Two states last night counted a toll of one dead, at least nine in jured, scores of wrecked or dam aged buildings, tree-blocked high ways and stricken rural communi cation lines in the wake of cy clones, high winds and torrential rains which swept a wide area. I Ruby Thomas, negro, was killed near Centreville, La., when the wind ripped a group of cabins apart. No others were injured in that vicinity. Four were hurt when an auto mobile and a truck collided in a blinding rainstorm near Raymond, Miss. Charles Mooneyham, 24, of Utiea, driver of the truck, was re ported to have been seriously in jured. The others were slightly I hurt. NAZIS PROMISE TO RELEASE U.S. JEW. CAMP PRISONER; JEWS ARE DRIVEN TOWARD GHETTO LIFE Many Jews Being Held Must File New Papers for Emigration (By UNITED PRESS) ^ Moves by Germany and Japan « Friday accentuated the position ov. the United States in world align? merits of dictatorships and democfjj racies. The German ambassador tXt Washington was ordered back to Berlin to explain President Roose velt's "strange attitude" toward the anti-Semitic campaien. The' order amounted to a "symbolic suspension" of relations between the two countries, as the Ameri can ambassador in Berlin was on his way home. Japan replied to the United States note protesting against in terference with American rights in China. While conciliatory, it emphasized there was a new day in the far east. It also, intimated that Japan later might reopen the exclusion question involving Japa nese emigration to the United States. The movements of U. S. Am bassador Hugh Wilson and the commercial attache of the U. S. embassy at Berlin, and now the recall of Dieckhoff, make it clear that German-American relations have reached an acute stage. As the announcement of Ger man Ambassador Dieckhoff's re turn was ma^de, it was learned at Merlin that an American citHsen,, Morris tJfeenfree," 49, who wfcSj born in San Luia Obispo. Cal., is one of the estimated 50,000 Jews under arrest in Germany. Greentree, who was arrested in the buildir^ of the Berlin firm by whom he was employed, is be-1 lieved to be held either in the Saehsenhausen or the new Buch enwalde concentration camps but police said he would be released and turned over to the U. S. con sulate today. The police promise was obtained after Raymond H. Geist, acting U. S. consul-general, intervened on the plea of Greentree's sister,; a German citizen. Greentree has not been in the United States since 1911. Terrorized Jews, being driven swiftly toward ghetto existence, (Continued on page four.) 6 ARMY FLIERS KILLED WHEN BOMBER FALLS Bodies of 3 Cremated; Survivor Too Injured To Be Questioned LA GRANGE. Ga.f Nov. 18.— (UP)—Six army fliers were kill-1 ed and one other seriously injur ed when an army bomber crash ed in dense woods near here. The plane plowed into the for-, est, cutting off trees when it fell. It burst into flames. Three occupants were cremated beyond recognition, and two were burned and crushed. The one who escaped dfeath and was seriously hurt was John D. Madre. Injuries prevented his questioning as to how the accident happened. The plane was en route from Mitchel field, New York, to Max well field, Alabama. Joe Nanartowitch died in a hospital. » . . A Jew Guards Reich Consul Prominent Nazis in New York will be guarded by a special squad of Jewish policemen, headed by Captain Max Finkel steih. . • BARCELONA'S SHELL PLANT IS BLOWN UP Fire and Explosion Partial ly Wreck Loyalist Muni tions District PERPIGNAN, Nov. 19. (UP) — Fire and explosion today partially wrecked the munitions manufac turing: district of Barcelona. Fire destroyed large loyalist munitions stocks and the chief source of ar tillery shells, thus weakening loy alist defenses in the Catalan zone. INSURGENTSFAIL TO HALT U. S. FREIGHTER BARCELONA, Nov. 19. (UP) Insurgent warships twice attempt ed to halt the American freighter Erica Reed before she reached here with a $300,000 cargo of food and medical supplies, Capt j Harry Johnson said yesterday. j Before entering the Straits of i Gibraltar, he said, "a little trawler j patrol signalled us to stop. We paid no attention and left him be hind easily." Later, Johnson said, "a passen ger ship faster than we were speeded toward us but we finally i left him, too." Postpone Marker Unveiling Event The scheduled unveiling of a marker at the grave of Elijah Wil: j liamson, Revolutionary soldier, has been postponed until a later date due to the weather, it was an nounced today. The marker was scheduled to be unveiled tomorrow afternoon at the old Williamson home place, near Naples. Merchants Set Nov. 29 For Opening Of Christmas Season; Will Meet Monday To Adopt Trade Plans Hendersonville's Christmas sea son will be formally opened Tues day night, Nov. 29, when all street decorations will be in place and merchants wjll invite the trading pvblic to inspect window displays. The date was set last night by directors of the merchants divi sion of the chamber of commerce after they had considered plans for decorating the business dis tricts and discussed proposals for contests and other features calcu lated to bring as many people as possible to Hendersonville to do their Christmas shopping. A general meeting of merchants will be held at 8 p. m. Monday at the city hall for ilnal adoption or revision of recommendations to be made by the directors. A large attendance is urged. Miss Jennie Bowen. vice-chair man of the merchants organiza tion, presided last night and led the discussion of plans for stimu lating business during the holiday season. In addition to activities of the merchants, the chamber of com merce proper will sponsor a com munity Christmas tree and pro gram, and a movement also is un derway to offer cash prizes in an outdoor lighting contest so that homes throughout the city will be decorated for the holidays. REFUGEE AID PLAN REMAINS UNDETERMINED Peace Stressed in Thanks* giving Message, as Nazi Rupture Looms REFUGEESNOWIN U. S. WILL NOT BE OUSTED WASHINGTON. Nov. 19. (UP> President Roosevelt today cal'ed upon Americans to pray for tin* unfortunate people in other land! who are in dire distress at th'i Thanksgiving season. . . Mr. Roosevelt in a Thanksgiving day proclamation took cognizance of troubled developments in other sections of the world, emphasizing that in the United States "we have cherished and preserved our democracy." . , . His proclamation coincided with congressional and official division over proposed measures to aid ref ugees from oppressing measures in other countries. , The proclamation also recalled to the nation that the year for which it will give thanks next week also "saw the world escape the dangers of a great war.' NAZIS HAlfrO RETORT TO SAVE FACE, VIEW WASHINGTON, Nov. \9. (UP) Germany's recall of Ambassador last night as a reciprocal gesture of disapproval of the United States attitude toward the third Reich and the forerunner of a se rious rupture of realtions. Dieckhoff received the sum mons yesterday, less than four days after President Roosevelt forcefully denounced Nazi perse cution of Jews and Catholics and ordered Ambassador Hugh Wilson home from Berlin for "report and consultation." He will sail from New York next Friday night, leaving Di. Hans Thomsen, counsellor of the embassy, in charge here. The tall, robust diplomats re call had been regarded as fore gone. No major nation could, in the opinion of diplomatic observ ers, accept the twin rebuke ad ministered by Mr. Roosevelt with out retorting in kind, if only as a face-saving gesture. Neither embassy officials nor Secretary of State Cordell Hull would comment, nor would tne president when asked his press conference what he thought of the reason for Dieckhoff s recall, namely, to report on the rtW attitude" of American officials toward German mternal affair.,. Instead Mr. Roosevelt announc ed that he would suggest to con gress that it study the feasibility af permitting between ^?00®".d 15,000 German and Austrian ref ugees now in the United Sto.es an visitors' permits to remain lere indefinitely. He said he believed it would be :ruel and inhuman to force the •efugees to return to their native ands and almost certain oppres !ion. He added that from the joint and view of humanity this :ountry has no right to put the.-e jeople on a ship and send thei.i jack, any more than *0Uid (Continued on page three) credTTmanis ASSASMED Police Lay Death of New Yorker to Two Hired Gunmen NEW YORK, Nov. 19. (UP) — Police today blamed hired gun men for the assassination of John F O'Hara 26, credit investigator for Duori.»d Br*dstreet. He w" killed at the entrance of hi* mpnt Policeman Joseph Monahan £d tt« killers. Author, t,.» have no clue or motive for the * HiThome was at Woodside, in QUJ<SSh Monahan, Jr., eight year-oW son of a policeman wa3 wounded by one of the^lle^, which ricocheted offawall. .Ti noliceman, who was with his son, fftwo shots at the gunmen thev escaped in an automobile. More tSan $60 was D'Hara's pockets. Neighbors told police thtft the dead man bore a ?ood reputation.