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H*iMfc*Mnvill« News Established la 1894 * Hendersenrille Times Established ia 1M1 Published every afternoon except Sunday at 227 North Main Street, Headereonrille, N. C., by Tk« Times-News Co., Inc., Owner and Publisher. J. T. PAIN C. M OGLE HENKY ATKIN Editor -Managing Editor City Editor TELEPHONE 87 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Times-News Carrier, in Hendeiaonvilla, er alte where, per week 12c Due to high postage rates, the subscription price of The Times-Newa in zones above No. 2 will be based on tba cost of postage. Entered as second ciaae matter at the post office \n Hendersonville, N. C. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1938 BIBLE THOUGHT ENDURING MERCY "O give thanks unto the Lord; for He is good; for His mercy endureth forever'* (Ps. 136). * * * . « . ' • If a cloud has lowered on your horizon, turn to this jubilant song of praise. You will note that every one of its twenty-six verses ends with the refrain, "For His mercy endureth forever." All the outstanding mercies of God bestowed up on the Hebrew people from the days of Egyptian bondage to their conquest of Canaan are recalled and re-echoed in regular measure with, "His mercy endureth forever."—-Christian Observer. THANKSGIVING The fundamental principle underlying ! the giving of thanks, or the formal observ ance ocf a fixed celebration for thanksgiv ing, is-that of the spirit of individuals and not the mere formal observance. The for-| mal observance may have, and usually does, we believe, little significance. As man kind is taught to worship the Creator in spirit and in truth, so his creatures must go, much farther than the mere formality of observing a fixed day of thanksgiving, if they are to give thanks in spirit and in truth. These are trite statements and, no doubt, already well considered and weighed in i the thinking of intelligent and serious per- i sons. However, it may be that some con-, sideration of the subject may induce seri-' ous thinking on the part of persons not much given to that course. A spirit of thanksgiving is not something which should animate our people for a day formally designated by the chief executive of the national government or the chief o\oc»!ive of* the State. Good citizens si- mid maintain in their lives a condition oi thanksgiving throughout the year and throughout the years. As the day comes, however, for the formal recognition of our duty and privilege in giving thanks, no citizen of the country should fail to give recognition to the general and national blessings which are a substantial reason for thankfulness in this country. In our own State and in the limited area of the t field of this newspaper, there are addi-! tional reasons for thanksgiving. It has been the custom of this newspaper when the annual day of thanksgiving is celebrated, and on other occasions as well, to remind our people of the 'special and; particular blessings they enjoy as residents | of Western North Carolina. The natural' advantages of this section afford material blessings which many of our fellow Amer-! icatfs are deprived of in a measure. They are basic reasons for giving thanks, tomor row and every day. At this time, also, citizens of this country } are fufly warranted in making comparison j of general conditions in their own and in foreign countries. Our foremost and most important reason for giving thanks at this | time may well be put down as the fact that arising from this citizenship. So, we come to the formal recognition j of another annual occasion on which we j recognize our duty and privilege in show ing ourselves to be men and women and children with the true thanksgiving char we are citizens of the United States of America, and for the numerous blessings acter and spirit. We count our many bless ings, individual, local and national bless ings, pausing for the formal acknowledge ment of our indebtedness to the author of all good and perfect gifts for his individual * -and collective care of his people of our great country and for the showering of our land with the bounties of his hands during , the past twelve months. • The sale of goats to the Navy for mas cots ie controlled by a monopoly. Must be kidding. It is hoped that Hitler's astrologist will point out that the eclipse of the moon was not caused by Adolf's shadow. ** i Kepublicans of Columbus, Ohio, are rec onciled to the fact that the theft of their ^elephant hide from headquarters was sim ply another skin game. f NEWSPAPERS' OPINIONS I—— -I SAYS POLITICS COSTS RAILROADS A BILLION A YEAR - - Asserting that "the troubles of the railways are, at bottom, 100 per cent political in their origin." Railway Age estimates that removal of political handicaps would mean at least one billion dollars of additional revenues, or equivalent operating economies, to the rail carriers. The publication estimates that political favors to ! rival agencies of transportation alone account for a loss of $500,000,000 in traffic to the railroads ! and that this total is boosted by hundreds of mil lions by the rate concessions which the rail carriers ' have been forced to make to hold traffic in the 1 face of government-aided competition. Other po litical sources of reduced railway earnings are enu- I merated as follows: 11 '• "The long-and-short-haul clause, which prevents the railroads from competing on even terms, par ticularly with the coastal and intercoastal water lines. "The refusal of the -rate-making authorities to' allow the railroads to make train-load rates. (Com petent authorities have informed us that few, if any, pipe lines except lor natui'al gas would even have been built in this country if the railroads had been permitted to establish rates for train-load quantities of gasoline and crude oil, as, of course, the pipe lines are permitted to do. Hence it fol lows that this political restriction on the railroads has lost to them many millions of tons of petroleum traffic which, but for this restriction, they might today be handling.* - " • • - • * "Compulsory contributions exacted of the rail roads for unremunerative improvements, such ag grade-crossing elimiratioiw. "Full crew and train limit legislation in many' states, requiring the employment of men not eco nomically lequirod to perform transportation ser vice. • * \uk. "Labor legislation which has given the final set tlement of wage disputes to the political authorities who are unable in judging sneh questions to over look the fact that one party to auoh disputes has votes which the} need to stay in office. (Wage: rates in other industries show some tendency, at! least, to fluctuate with the prosperity of the indus tries, but, on the railroads, wages recently have I been at an all-time peak while railway earnings ivere at an all-time low.)" Continuing, the magazine says: "Take the New i'ork State Barge Canal. This canal last year han dled 5,000,000 tons of traffic, as compared with only 1,270,000 tons in 1921, an increase of almost ; 300 per cent. And yet. in the period that the barge i canal has enjoyed such an increase in traffic, rail-j road rates have been repeatedly lowered, and Tail road service has been greatly improved. But these j railroad improvements have availed nothing against the million dollars that New York State tax payers contribute each year to keep the barge ca nal in operation. The barge canal would not move a ton of traffic in competition with the railroads if the 9!2-million subsidy were removed. And the source of that subsidy is politics. "Improved efficiency of operation is of little or no help in meeting subsidized competition—be cause the subsidy can always be increased to meet any improvement in railroad efficiency or service, regardless of how great it may be. Right now there is a strong agitation going on for deepening the 1 barge canal to 27 ft. so it can accommodate ocean ^ vessels—the expense to be borne, of course, by the j taxpayers. Such an increase in the subsidy would j cancel years of steady improvement in railway op- 1 erating efficiency. And. even supposing that the 1 railroads could suddenly increase their efficiency j enough to offset such an increased subsidy, there tvould still be the possibility of extending the op- I stations of the Federal Barge Line to the canal—so the taxpayers would then not only subsidize the i * svaterway itself, but the cost of operating vessels I j jpon it as well. Railway engineers and operating 1 officers are competent men, but they simply cannot ^ nope to save money as fast as politicians can spend * it for the benefit of railway rivals. "Engineering talent can solve, and has been solv- t ing briliantly, the railroads' engineering problems. Managerial and operating and accounting genius * have similarly brought the performance of the op- ^ erating, purchasing, accounting and other depart- t ments up to a high standard of perfection. But in the political realm, the railroads have lagged be- * hind, and at a time when their most pressing prob- \ lems are political. "ine u.uuuifs ui uk ranways, at Dottom, are iuu per cent political in their origin. It follows, there fore, that there cannot be any solution to the dif-1 ficulties which are crushing the railroad industry i and its employing power which does not include I the removal of at least some of the unfavorable I political prtasure which is now being exerted against | it. No one will deny that knowledge by railroad employees" and the general public of the extent to which they are harmed by the present handicaps of i the railways would quickly bring a demand for the 1 removal of these handicaps. Never have organized employees been so receptive as they are today to the idea that whatever harms the railroads harms the employees too." traitorous? John L. Lewis' attempt to link up the success of 1 his CIO movement with the safety of America and ; the security of its government is an insult to the intelligence of the whole American people, but more especially the American workingmen whom he is trying to control for some purpose which has never yet been made quite clear. The mixture of patriotic sentiment, war talk, and denunciation of Hitler and Nazism, which he wove into his opening address at the first GIO con- j stitutional convention, and his effort to make all, this appear like an argument why the United States | needs and must support the CIO, was the extreme | of radical demagogery. And the veiled threat in his statement that "if j war comes the United States will need the co-op eration of millions of workers in the CIO," is some thing to be resented most emphatically by every honest and loyal American. It would seem to be 1about time John L. Lewis , was told that it is not up to him to say whether or j not the United States shall have the co-operation of CIO or other workers in the event-of war, or in any other event, and that he strikes mighty near the edge of being a traitor in attempting that sort of dictation.—Rock Hill (S. C.) Herald. I Synopsis of any speech by the American ambas sador to England: "Attaboy!", -• That Quiet Guy in the State Department V alii I SMrz&lA^ (im^\ ks^jm wmk wkv_* .M&T\ * I rioTe | mmdj. SecHRJ^RY LIFE DAY BY DAY . By WICKES WAMBOLDT "I believe I'll give that box of :andy Joe brought me to the little 3roadus children," said Char otte. "I would not do it without the consent of Mrs. Broad us if I were you," ad vised Charlotte's aunt. "S o ni e mothers do not like to have folks feed their chil dren; better give the candy to Mrs. B r o a d u s and let her use her judg m ent about giving it to the children." In most well regulated zoos Wamboldt ire posted notices reading', "inure •"eed the Animals." The manage nent does not want the health of he creatures disturbed or endan gered through visitors feeding hem all sorts of truck. Little hu uan animals deserve as much onsideration and protection as >ig and little zoo animals. NECESSITIES AND LUXURIES "Gee!" said a young woman as he looked at the equipment an lderly couple had just installed ti their house; "these are exact y what I want, and I don't see ;hy I shouldn't have them! My lusband has got to get them for ne—or somebody has! He ought o be paid enough so he can get hese things for me!" "When I was your husband's £e," replied the elderly man, "I ad no more than he has. I have worked and saved for many years o get what I have now." The time was when we regard d luxuries as things to be work d for and earne^—to be looked for and earned—to be looked lor ward to as a reward for industry and thrift; but today we want those luxuries right now, without having done anything to deserve them! If every family in this land— regardless of merit—could be sup plied with every convenience and luxury imaginable, those things would soon be accepted as a mat ter of course; and their owners would not be one whit happier because of them. The possession of things does not long make hap piness, though lack of real neces sities does cause misery. When a man has enough to live on, he has all the happiness material posessions can give him. Once we become accustomed to a luxury we are apt to think no .more about it unless we lose it; then we are liable to be far more disgruntled than if we had never had it. As has been said, the luxuries of today are the necessi ties of tomorrow; and of course we are disconcerted if we are without what we consider our ne cessities. There are persons who were born and brought up merrily in one-room dirt floor cabins who are growling terrifically that they are being cheated by society because they have only one bath room in the house and cannot af ford a mechanical refrigerator and an automobile. And here is another point: It is common to hear young people say, "I want money while I'm young and can enjoy it!" But old age is the time when money is most enjoyed and appreciated. Youth has strength, vitality, re sistance, self-reliance. Age has lost most, or* all, of those quali ties. Age, more than youth, needs the ease and the security which money can buy. Youth can face poverty and discomfort with a BEHIND THE SCENES IN WASHINGTON BY RODNEY DUTCWFR BX KUUNKx uutuher NEA Service Stuff Correspondent W7ASHINGTON.—Solicitor Gen " eral Robert H. Jackson is more than likely to succeed Attorney General Homer S. Cummings when the latter retires in January to practice law—but that's not certain. Roosevelt may appoint Gov. Frank Murphy of Michigan, who was defeated for re-election. Murphy was the President's choice for the attorney general ship in 1933 after his principal choice, Senator Tom Walsh of Montana, died. Cummings was then slated for governor generalship of the Philippines. But a critical Far Eastern situation developed and Roosevelt sent Murphy to the islands instead. Sooner or later, Murphy is fairly certain to be in the cabi net. Currently there is much pres sure to get Murphy to act as a mediator of the C. I. O.-A. F. of L. battle. He has been approached from both sides and it's a fair bet Roosevelt also is trying to get him to accept. The report WPA Administrator Harry Hopkins will succeed Dan Roper as secretary of commerce may not come true, but it is one of the capital's Grade AA rumors. Despite all the hollering about Hopkins' political utterances and alleged activities during the cam paign he is rated in Washington as perhaps the administration's out standing executive and adminis trator. The new Department of Public weiiare, proposed in the ibeaten leor&anuation bill, was to have Deen neaaeu uy nuyiwiia. Now the President anticipates putting' his closest associate in the administration, who is Washing Ion's New Dealer No. 2, into the Commerce Department as part of an effort to improve government relations with business. Business men and New Dealers alike are lukewarm about Roper. Several government functions need co-ordination under the De- ' partment of Commerce roof and the plan is to put certain agencies there under Hopkins. Thus the tentative idea is to make Commerce a much bigger job, commensurate with what Roosevelt considers ate Hopkins' abilities. Replacement of Secretary of War Harry Woodring by Assistant Secretary of War Louis Johnson is still in the cards, likely to pop before long. Johnson is playing a leading part in the administration's big re armament and national defense program. Sooner or later, also, Assistant Secretary of^the Navy Charles Edison will succeed Secretary Claude Swanson, who is in poor health. Edison usually is called "the real secretary of the Navy" and he and Johnson are co-chairmen of the Army and Navy Munitions Board. Rumors that Secretary of La bor Frances Perkins might soon resign are, to this date at least, un founded. Miss Perkins likes her job and is more popular in Wash ington than she used to be. It's still anticipated that Jim Farley will step out as postmaster general and retain the Democratic national chairmanship. But no one knows when. tConyrieht. 1938. NEA Service. Inc.! courage, a confidence, an indif ference which age cannot. Wait a Minute By NOAH HOLLOWELL NOT OUT OF REACH: With cold-storage, imported turkeys as low as 1-2 cents a pound and choicest hens at 23 there wasn't, such a margin of difference to j make it impossible for the aver-1 age householder to enjoy that na tional Thanksgiving bird. Wonder who started the custom of special izing on turkey for Thanksgiving! It's a bad idea for the grower who has only two fair markets annual ly, Thanksgiving and Christmas. We understand Texas birds reach- j ed our market this year. HUNTER'S EXCITEMENT: The' joke of the season seems to be on Hall Reuben, reported by the press to be too excited to shoot when a 300-pound bear walked out near his hunting stand. 1 wasn't surprised at Mr. Reaben's excite ment but I was at the cool, col lected manner of Mrs. Gene Wright, back in the forest alone, who killed a big buck deer with one shot. The bear might have frightened Mr. Reaben, which wouldn't be unreasonable in the least, but there is a hunter's excitement or fright just as distinctive as stage fright to the person not accustom ed to speaking publicly. It is not a wholesome* feeling. 1 remember, when a boy in my teens, marching forth with a faith- j ful dog to hunt squirrels. I was , armed with a single-barrel-muzzle loading gun. The dog "treed" and I tried to aim at the squirrel but was so nervous I doubt if I hit the tree top; at least 1 didn't bring; down the game. The squirrel was ; jumping from limb to limb; the dog was barking with greatest ex citement as I attempted to re-load. I was too nervous to measure a thimbleful of powder from tho powder horn. I wasn't able to make the nioutlv of the shot pouch contact the guage, therefore pour- j ed some in the barrel. Wadding and ram-rodding was a poor job and the firing cap was too tiny to j ever get in place. I don't know why a young life should get so worked up over the j prospects of killing a harmless j squirrel. The thrill today would j be worth a million dollars but ifi it takes a 300-pound bear away back in the forests to produce it, you may have the million. I wouldn't dare shoot except in my own defence, and then I might . not be able. FIVE FROM COUNTY ENLIST RECENTLY FOR ARMY SERVICE Staff Sgt. Joe Foster of the U. | S. army recruiting offices, locat- ' ed in the Federal building at Asheville, has advised that five j Henderson county boys have en-! listed in the recent past, and states that all ex-regulars of the j United States army are eligible | for enlistment in the regular army j reserve, provided that they have; been discharged within the last j thiee years and are otherwise, qualified. The government pays two dollars per month to men en listed in the reserve. Kecent enlistments for regular service from here include: Elbert and Albert Jackson, Hiram M. Staton, John S. Cook, Jr., and Curtis L. Hill. WOULD EXPAND COTTON USES National Cotton Council Has 5-Point Program ! for Consumption MEMPHIS, T< 'nn., Nov. 23.— (UP)—A conference of the Na tional Cotton Council ended yes terday after adopting a five-point program designed to get the cot ton industry out of the red with out federal aid. Oscar Johnston, chairman of the council, outlined a plan whereby consumption of American cotton and its by-products could be in creased both at home and abroad. It was approved hy representa tives of ci^ton industries in 15 states. He pointed out that $150,000 would be needed to start the pro gram of advertising, scientific re search for new uses for cotton, creation of good will toward American cotton in foreign mar kets, stimulation of international commerce and to fight discrimina tory freight rates. Then, he said, $1,500,000 will be needed annually to maintain operations. Dcclarijig that the task facing the council would require "heavy financing," he called upon every i section of the cotton industry to j coo-perate. j Before the conference ended, three vice-chairmen were elected. They wer Lamar Fleming, Hans ton/ Tex.; Harold Young. Little Rock, Ark., and Dr. David R. Co ker. Hartsville. ?. (•_ Johnstt-n ... . I other confer* Dallas in .la: ... , • ,,4 plans lor t . , ' paign. He said a |,,.u..vJ fice for the 1 "Ui.r; \^.\x: > be established a- W' early next year. WILLIAMSON HOME . FOLLOWING ILLNtl Kenneth \V ... Vv recently crit. :tl! i m (, Vj 111., with 1 family wa- I his condition. i.. . 1 Henderxtiivilir. '1 air. W illiain.- *. . I duties next J salesman lor '• • ! 1 M . ] Brothers »•.. , \- > \ He recently Hv J| course oi at /.J plant het'.' . ^ where he is >! • < iu;:iin« ; sale of c'.i : v l rural section "■ CELEBRATION ENDS, UP IN CITY COll A hirlho:'. | up in city court 11: mimr.*. ne.v Mclntytf. «■ ■«<!. \\V,. assessed t iny; <1 runl.. ' A. \ | wards thai i«• n.u.•.! celebrating i Ruth Bishop, • duct, was uiver. ; pended sentein < . According •« -i eatinjr sugar '•< f • <ir.t;-: holic bevel;i.' I maininjr sober. THIS CURIOUS WORLD By William Ferguson /%e- eONEFISH SETS SA/lAt / Fte. WHILE <3/^OW/f\/C5 U&/ THE larvae: shrink to ONE-HALF SIZE BEFOFiE ATTAINING THE ADULT FORM. .AMERICANS CHEWED ABOUT ee,000,000 POUNDS OF CHEWING »N 1937. IX yLwp * DO PARACHUTES HAVE A HOLE r IN THE CENTER/ ANSWER: Without a hole in the canopy of a parachute, the® pressed air would be forced to escape from the edges, tntf causing the passenger to swing back and forth like a aendulua CARVER OF STONE HORIZONTAL 1 Man who is carving statues in a mountain. 12 Polynesian chestnut. 13 Artless. 14 A styptic. 16 One who consumes. 17 Indian civet. 18 To erase. 19 Spain. 20 Friend. 21 Corded cloth. 23 Type standard. 24 Wine vessel. 26 Drunkard. 27 Data 30 Ethical. 32 Quintessence. 34 Mus.'cal drama. 35 Rabbit. 36 Note in scalc. 37 Preposition. 38 Each. 39 Growing out. Answer to Previous Puzzle |M A U D E A D AlhSLl telQSt □RLE IN RlEiS E IN T ML ■E L Al&IOiRiA iTi'tipp PJA LiML— iLlElMlfljA! AOffAiUlNtTI A'RBSu ^Tj't] CIOJVLE B!0!R!E INlll.iL lAiMjAjPFjAr ^Ha1sMa1]T die ilPiojL o N F 1A NuriPtr'iTT R'P:A *1 42 Wild sheep. 45 Male bee. 46 Horb. 47 Profit. 49 Good name. 53 About. 56 Region. 57 To make amends. 58 Observed. 59 He is a painter, writer, and 60 Fits.' VERTICAL 1 To pant. 2 Indian. 3 Sailor. 4 Spanish cuncc. 5 Spikes. G Child's napkin. 7 Manifest. 8 Network. 9 Boy. 10 Rubber tree. 11 Hybrid of a horse. 12 This monument is o.n — i MounUifl 15 It is a - to four Am'-ricu president 20 Flattery 22 Palatine. 24 Form of ^ 25 Scar. 28 Frost ti* 2D rcf-.r^ A 31 To expand ;j2 Seven" Gt " Tetter 3C Virginia willow. . Coodby. .]! Pcrt2in^ tone. .]'(To a v.a'it 44 Twin 4T, God « 47 Ac-rifctt I Circle pirt •5!) IVi by. 50 'ndian. :)1 N< itber. b: Upon. . 5 I. nC. lQ—11 fj Being.