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THE TIMES-NEWS
H*iMfc*Mnvill« News Established la 1894
* Hendersenrille Times Established ia 1M1
Published every afternoon except Sunday at 227
North Main Street, Headereonrille, N. C., by Tk«
Times-News Co., Inc., Owner and Publisher.
J. T. PAIN
C. M OGLE
HENKY ATKIN
Editor
-Managing Editor
City Editor
TELEPHONE 87
SUBSCRIPTION RATES
By Times-News Carrier, in Hendeiaonvilla, er alte
where, per week 12c
Due to high postage rates, the subscription price
of The Times-Newa in zones above No. 2 will be
based on tba cost of postage.
Entered as second ciaae matter at the post office
\n Hendersonville, N. C.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1938
BIBLE THOUGHT
ENDURING MERCY
"O give thanks unto the Lord; for He is good;
for His mercy endureth forever'* (Ps. 136).
* * * . « . '
• If a cloud has lowered on your horizon, turn to
this jubilant song of praise. You will note that
every one of its twenty-six verses ends with the
refrain, "For His mercy endureth forever."
All the outstanding mercies of God bestowed up
on the Hebrew people from the days of Egyptian
bondage to their conquest of Canaan are recalled
and re-echoed in regular measure with, "His mercy
endureth forever."—-Christian Observer.
THANKSGIVING
The fundamental principle underlying !
the giving of thanks, or the formal observ
ance ocf a fixed celebration for thanksgiv
ing, is-that of the spirit of individuals and
not the mere formal observance. The for-|
mal observance may have, and usually
does, we believe, little significance. As man
kind is taught to worship the Creator in
spirit and in truth, so his creatures must go,
much farther than the mere formality of
observing a fixed day of thanksgiving, if
they are to give thanks in spirit and in
truth.
These are trite statements and, no doubt,
already well considered and weighed in i
the thinking of intelligent and serious per- i
sons. However, it may be that some con-,
sideration of the subject may induce seri-'
ous thinking on the part of persons not
much given to that course.
A spirit of thanksgiving is not something
which should animate our people for a day
formally designated by the chief executive
of the national government or the chief
o\oc»!ive of* the State. Good citizens
si- mid maintain in their lives a condition
oi thanksgiving throughout the year and
throughout the years. As the day comes,
however, for the formal recognition of our
duty and privilege in giving thanks, no
citizen of the country should fail to give
recognition to the general and national
blessings which are a substantial reason
for thankfulness in this country. In our
own State and in the limited area of the
t field of this newspaper, there are addi-!
tional reasons for thanksgiving.
It has been the custom of this newspaper
when the annual day of thanksgiving is
celebrated, and on other occasions as well,
to remind our people of the 'special and;
particular blessings they enjoy as residents |
of Western North Carolina. The natural'
advantages of this section afford material
blessings which many of our fellow Amer-!
icatfs are deprived of in a measure. They
are basic reasons for giving thanks, tomor
row and every day.
At this time, also, citizens of this country }
are fufly warranted in making comparison j
of general conditions in their own and in
foreign countries. Our foremost and most
important reason for giving thanks at this |
time may well be put down as the fact that
arising from this citizenship.
So, we come to the formal recognition j
of another annual occasion on which we j
recognize our duty and privilege in show
ing ourselves to be men and women and
children with the true thanksgiving char
we are citizens of the United States of
America, and for the numerous blessings
acter and spirit. We count our many bless
ings, individual, local and national bless
ings, pausing for the formal acknowledge
ment of our indebtedness to the author of
all good and perfect gifts for his individual
* -and collective care of his people of our
great country and for the showering of our
land with the bounties of his hands during
, the past twelve months.
• The sale of goats to the Navy for mas
cots ie controlled by a monopoly. Must be
kidding.
It is hoped that Hitler's astrologist will
point out that the eclipse of the moon was
not caused by Adolf's shadow.
** i
Kepublicans of Columbus, Ohio, are rec
onciled to the fact that the theft of their
^elephant hide from headquarters was sim
ply another skin game.
f NEWSPAPERS' OPINIONS
I—— -I
SAYS POLITICS COSTS RAILROADS
A BILLION A YEAR - -
Asserting that "the troubles of the railways are,
at bottom, 100 per cent political in their origin."
Railway Age estimates that removal of political
handicaps would mean at least one billion dollars
of additional revenues, or equivalent operating
economies, to the rail carriers.
The publication estimates that political favors to !
rival agencies of transportation alone account for
a loss of $500,000,000 in traffic to the railroads !
and that this total is boosted by hundreds of mil
lions by the rate concessions which the rail carriers '
have been forced to make to hold traffic in the 1
face of government-aided competition. Other po
litical sources of reduced railway earnings are enu- I
merated as follows: 11 '•
"The long-and-short-haul clause, which prevents
the railroads from competing on even terms, par
ticularly with the coastal and intercoastal water
lines.
"The refusal of the -rate-making authorities to'
allow the railroads to make train-load rates. (Com
petent authorities have informed us that few, if
any, pipe lines except lor natui'al gas would even
have been built in this country if the railroads had
been permitted to establish rates for train-load
quantities of gasoline and crude oil, as, of course,
the pipe lines are permitted to do. Hence it fol
lows that this political restriction on the railroads
has lost to them many millions of tons of petroleum
traffic which, but for this restriction, they might
today be handling.* - " • • - • *
"Compulsory contributions exacted of the rail
roads for unremunerative improvements, such ag
grade-crossing elimiratioiw.
"Full crew and train limit legislation in many'
states, requiring the employment of men not eco
nomically lequirod to perform transportation ser
vice. • * \uk.
"Labor legislation which has given the final set
tlement of wage disputes to the political authorities
who are unable in judging sneh questions to over
look the fact that one party to auoh disputes has
votes which the} need to stay in office. (Wage:
rates in other industries show some tendency, at!
least, to fluctuate with the prosperity of the indus
tries, but, on the railroads, wages recently have I
been at an all-time peak while railway earnings
ivere at an all-time low.)"
Continuing, the magazine says: "Take the New
i'ork State Barge Canal. This canal last year han
dled 5,000,000 tons of traffic, as compared with
only 1,270,000 tons in 1921, an increase of almost ;
300 per cent. And yet. in the period that the barge i
canal has enjoyed such an increase in traffic, rail-j
road rates have been repeatedly lowered, and Tail
road service has been greatly improved. But these j
railroad improvements have availed nothing against
the million dollars that New York State tax
payers contribute each year to keep the barge ca
nal in operation. The barge canal would not move
a ton of traffic in competition with the railroads
if the 9!2-million subsidy were removed. And the
source of that subsidy is politics.
"Improved efficiency of operation is of little or
no help in meeting subsidized competition—be
cause the subsidy can always be increased to meet
any improvement in railroad efficiency or service,
regardless of how great it may be. Right now there
is a strong agitation going on for deepening the 1
barge canal to 27 ft. so it can accommodate ocean ^
vessels—the expense to be borne, of course, by the j
taxpayers. Such an increase in the subsidy would j
cancel years of steady improvement in railway op- 1
erating efficiency. And. even supposing that the 1
railroads could suddenly increase their efficiency j
enough to offset such an increased subsidy, there
tvould still be the possibility of extending the op- I
stations of the Federal Barge Line to the canal—so
the taxpayers would then not only subsidize the i *
svaterway itself, but the cost of operating vessels I j
jpon it as well. Railway engineers and operating 1
officers are competent men, but they simply cannot ^
nope to save money as fast as politicians can spend *
it for the benefit of railway rivals.
"Engineering talent can solve, and has been solv- t
ing briliantly, the railroads' engineering problems.
Managerial and operating and accounting genius *
have similarly brought the performance of the op- ^
erating, purchasing, accounting and other depart- t
ments up to a high standard of perfection. But in
the political realm, the railroads have lagged be- *
hind, and at a time when their most pressing prob- \
lems are political.
"ine u.uuuifs ui uk ranways, at Dottom, are iuu
per cent political in their origin. It follows, there
fore, that there cannot be any solution to the dif-1
ficulties which are crushing the railroad industry i
and its employing power which does not include I
the removal of at least some of the unfavorable I
political prtasure which is now being exerted against |
it. No one will deny that knowledge by railroad
employees" and the general public of the extent to
which they are harmed by the present handicaps of i
the railways would quickly bring a demand for the 1
removal of these handicaps. Never have organized
employees been so receptive as they are today to
the idea that whatever harms the railroads harms
the employees too."
traitorous?
John L. Lewis' attempt to link up the success of 1
his CIO movement with the safety of America and ;
the security of its government is an insult to the
intelligence of the whole American people, but
more especially the American workingmen whom
he is trying to control for some purpose which has
never yet been made quite clear.
The mixture of patriotic sentiment, war talk,
and denunciation of Hitler and Nazism, which he
wove into his opening address at the first GIO con- j
stitutional convention, and his effort to make all,
this appear like an argument why the United States |
needs and must support the CIO, was the extreme |
of radical demagogery.
And the veiled threat in his statement that "if j
war comes the United States will need the co-op
eration of millions of workers in the CIO," is some
thing to be resented most emphatically by every
honest and loyal American.
It would seem to be 1about time John L. Lewis ,
was told that it is not up to him to say whether or j
not the United States shall have the co-operation
of CIO or other workers in the event-of war, or in
any other event, and that he strikes mighty near
the edge of being a traitor in attempting that sort
of dictation.—Rock Hill (S. C.) Herald.
I Synopsis of any speech by the American ambas
sador to England: "Attaboy!", -•
That Quiet Guy in the State Department
V
alii I
SMrz&lA^ (im^\
ks^jm wmk
wkv_* .M&T\
* I
rioTe |
mmdj.
SecHRJ^RY
LIFE DAY BY DAY
. By WICKES WAMBOLDT
"I believe I'll give that box of
:andy Joe brought me to the little
3roadus children," said Char
otte.
"I would not
do it without the
consent of Mrs.
Broad us if I
were you," ad
vised Charlotte's
aunt. "S o ni e
mothers do not
like to have folks
feed their chil
dren; better give
the candy to
Mrs. B r o a d u s
and let her use
her judg m ent
about giving it
to the children."
In most well
regulated zoos
Wamboldt
ire posted notices reading', "inure
•"eed the Animals." The manage
nent does not want the health of
he creatures disturbed or endan
gered through visitors feeding
hem all sorts of truck. Little hu
uan animals deserve as much
onsideration and protection as
>ig and little zoo animals.
NECESSITIES AND LUXURIES
"Gee!" said a young woman as
he looked at the equipment an
lderly couple had just installed
ti their house; "these are exact
y what I want, and I don't see
;hy I shouldn't have them! My
lusband has got to get them for
ne—or somebody has! He ought
o be paid enough so he can get
hese things for me!"
"When I was your husband's
£e," replied the elderly man, "I
ad no more than he has. I have
worked and saved for many years
o get what I have now."
The time was when we regard
d luxuries as things to be work
d for and earne^—to be looked
for and earned—to be looked lor
ward to as a reward for industry
and thrift; but today we want
those luxuries right now, without
having done anything to deserve
them!
If every family in this land—
regardless of merit—could be sup
plied with every convenience and
luxury imaginable, those things
would soon be accepted as a mat
ter of course; and their owners
would not be one whit happier
because of them. The possession
of things does not long make hap
piness, though lack of real neces
sities does cause misery. When a
man has enough to live on, he
has all the happiness material
posessions can give him.
Once we become accustomed to
a luxury we are apt to think no
.more about it unless we lose it;
then we are liable to be far more
disgruntled than if we had never
had it. As has been said, the
luxuries of today are the necessi
ties of tomorrow; and of course
we are disconcerted if we are
without what we consider our ne
cessities. There are persons who
were born and brought up merrily
in one-room dirt floor cabins who
are growling terrifically that
they are being cheated by society
because they have only one bath
room in the house and cannot af
ford a mechanical refrigerator
and an automobile.
And here is another point: It is
common to hear young people
say, "I want money while I'm
young and can enjoy it!" But old
age is the time when money is
most enjoyed and appreciated.
Youth has strength, vitality, re
sistance, self-reliance. Age has
lost most, or* all, of those quali
ties. Age, more than youth, needs
the ease and the security which
money can buy. Youth can face
poverty and discomfort with a
BEHIND THE SCENES
IN WASHINGTON
BY RODNEY DUTCWFR
BX KUUNKx uutuher
NEA Service Stuff Correspondent
W7ASHINGTON.—Solicitor Gen
" eral Robert H. Jackson is more
than likely to succeed Attorney
General Homer S. Cummings
when the latter retires in January
to practice law—but that's not
certain.
Roosevelt may appoint Gov.
Frank Murphy of Michigan, who
was defeated for re-election.
Murphy was the President's
choice for the attorney general
ship in 1933 after his principal
choice, Senator Tom Walsh of
Montana, died.
Cummings was then slated for
governor generalship of the
Philippines. But a critical Far
Eastern situation developed and
Roosevelt sent Murphy to the
islands instead.
Sooner or later, Murphy is
fairly certain to be in the cabi
net.
Currently there is much pres
sure to get Murphy to act as a
mediator of the C. I. O.-A. F. of L.
battle. He has been approached
from both sides and it's a fair bet
Roosevelt also is trying to get him
to accept.
The report WPA Administrator
Harry Hopkins will succeed Dan
Roper as secretary of commerce
may not come true, but it is one
of the capital's Grade AA rumors.
Despite all the hollering about
Hopkins' political utterances and
alleged activities during the cam
paign he is rated in Washington as
perhaps the administration's out
standing executive and adminis
trator.
The new Department of Public
weiiare, proposed in the ibeaten
leor&anuation bill, was to have
Deen neaaeu uy nuyiwiia.
Now the President anticipates
putting' his closest associate in the
administration, who is Washing
Ion's New Dealer No. 2, into the
Commerce Department as part of
an effort to improve government
relations with business. Business
men and New Dealers alike are
lukewarm about Roper.
Several government functions
need co-ordination under the De- '
partment of Commerce roof and
the plan is to put certain agencies
there under Hopkins.
Thus the tentative idea is to
make Commerce a much bigger
job, commensurate with what
Roosevelt considers ate Hopkins'
abilities.
Replacement of Secretary of
War Harry Woodring by Assistant
Secretary of War Louis Johnson
is still in the cards, likely to pop
before long.
Johnson is playing a leading
part in the administration's big re
armament and national defense
program.
Sooner or later, also, Assistant
Secretary of^the Navy Charles
Edison will succeed Secretary
Claude Swanson, who is in poor
health.
Edison usually is called "the real
secretary of the Navy" and he and
Johnson are co-chairmen of the
Army and Navy Munitions Board.
Rumors that Secretary of La
bor Frances Perkins might soon
resign are, to this date at least, un
founded. Miss Perkins likes her
job and is more popular in Wash
ington than she used to be.
It's still anticipated that Jim
Farley will step out as postmaster
general and retain the Democratic
national chairmanship. But no one
knows when.
tConyrieht. 1938. NEA Service. Inc.!
courage, a confidence, an indif
ference which age cannot.
Wait a Minute
By NOAH HOLLOWELL
NOT OUT OF REACH: With
cold-storage, imported turkeys as
low as 1-2 cents a pound and
choicest hens at 23 there wasn't,
such a margin of difference to j
make it impossible for the aver-1
age householder to enjoy that na
tional Thanksgiving bird. Wonder
who started the custom of special
izing on turkey for Thanksgiving!
It's a bad idea for the grower who
has only two fair markets annual
ly, Thanksgiving and Christmas.
We understand Texas birds reach- j
ed our market this year.
HUNTER'S EXCITEMENT: The'
joke of the season seems to be on
Hall Reuben, reported by the
press to be too excited to shoot
when a 300-pound bear walked out
near his hunting stand. 1 wasn't
surprised at Mr. Reaben's excite
ment but I was at the cool, col
lected manner of Mrs. Gene
Wright, back in the forest alone,
who killed a big buck deer with
one shot.
The bear might have frightened
Mr. Reaben, which wouldn't be
unreasonable in the least, but
there is a hunter's excitement or
fright just as distinctive as stage
fright to the person not accustom
ed to speaking publicly. It is not
a wholesome* feeling.
1 remember, when a boy in my
teens, marching forth with a faith- j
ful dog to hunt squirrels. I was ,
armed with a single-barrel-muzzle
loading gun. The dog "treed" and
I tried to aim at the squirrel but
was so nervous I doubt if I hit the
tree top; at least 1 didn't bring;
down the game. The squirrel was ;
jumping from limb to limb; the
dog was barking with greatest ex
citement as I attempted to re-load.
I was too nervous to measure a
thimbleful of powder from tho
powder horn. I wasn't able to
make the nioutlv of the shot pouch
contact the guage, therefore pour- j
ed some in the barrel. Wadding
and ram-rodding was a poor job
and the firing cap was too tiny to j
ever get in place.
I don't know why a young life
should get so worked up over the j
prospects of killing a harmless j
squirrel. The thrill today would j
be worth a million dollars but ifi
it takes a 300-pound bear away
back in the forests to produce it,
you may have the million. I
wouldn't dare shoot except in my
own defence, and then I might .
not be able.
FIVE FROM COUNTY
ENLIST RECENTLY
FOR ARMY SERVICE
Staff Sgt. Joe Foster of the U. |
S. army recruiting offices, locat- '
ed in the Federal building at
Asheville, has advised that five j
Henderson county boys have en-!
listed in the recent past, and
states that all ex-regulars of the j
United States army are eligible |
for enlistment in the regular army j
reserve, provided that they have;
been discharged within the last j
thiee years and are otherwise,
qualified. The government pays
two dollars per month to men en
listed in the reserve.
Kecent enlistments for regular
service from here include: Elbert
and Albert Jackson, Hiram M.
Staton, John S. Cook, Jr., and
Curtis L. Hill.
WOULD EXPAND
COTTON USES
National Cotton Council
Has 5-Point Program
! for Consumption
MEMPHIS, T< 'nn., Nov. 23.—
(UP)—A conference of the Na
tional Cotton Council ended yes
terday after adopting a five-point
program designed to get the cot
ton industry out of the red with
out federal aid.
Oscar Johnston, chairman of the
council, outlined a plan whereby
consumption of American cotton
and its by-products could be in
creased both at home and abroad.
It was approved hy representa
tives of ci^ton industries in 15
states.
He pointed out that $150,000
would be needed to start the pro
gram of advertising, scientific re
search for new uses for cotton,
creation of good will toward
American cotton in foreign mar
kets, stimulation of international
commerce and to fight discrimina
tory freight rates.
Then, he said, $1,500,000 will
be needed annually to maintain
operations.
Dcclarijig that the task facing
the council would require "heavy
financing," he called upon every
i section of the cotton industry to
j coo-perate.
j Before the conference ended,
three vice-chairmen were elected.
They wer Lamar Fleming, Hans
ton/ Tex.; Harold Young. Little
Rock, Ark., and Dr. David R. Co
ker. Hartsville. ?. (•_
Johnstt-n ... . I
other confer*
Dallas in .la: ... , • ,,4
plans lor t . , '
paign. He said a |,,.u..vJ
fice for the 1 "Ui.r; \^.\x: >
be established a- W'
early next year.
WILLIAMSON HOME .
FOLLOWING ILLNtl
Kenneth \V ... Vv
recently crit. :tl! i m (, Vj
111., with 1
family wa- I
his condition. i.. . 1
Henderxtiivilir. '1
air. W illiain.- *. . I
duties next J
salesman lor '• • ! 1 M . ]
Brothers »•.. , \- > \
He recently Hv J|
course oi at /.J
plant het'.' . ^
where he is >! • < iu;:iin« ;
sale of c'.i : v l
rural section "■
CELEBRATION ENDS,
UP IN CITY COll
A hirlho:'. |
up in city court 11: mimr.*.
ne.v Mclntytf. «■ ■«<!. \\V,.
assessed t
iny; <1 runl.. ' A. \ |
wards thai i«• n.u.•.!
celebrating i
Ruth Bishop, •
duct, was uiver. ;
pended sentein < .
According •« -i
eatinjr sugar '•< f • <ir.t;-:
holic bevel;i.' I
maininjr sober.
THIS CURIOUS WORLD
By William
Ferguson
/%e- eONEFISH
SETS SA/lAt / Fte. WHILE
<3/^OW/f\/C5 U&/
THE larvae: shrink to
ONE-HALF SIZE BEFOFiE
ATTAINING THE ADULT FORM.
.AMERICANS
CHEWED ABOUT
ee,000,000
POUNDS OF
CHEWING
»N 1937.
IX
yLwp *
DO PARACHUTES
HAVE A HOLE r
IN THE CENTER/
ANSWER: Without a hole in the canopy of a parachute, the®
pressed air would be forced to escape from the edges, tntf
causing the passenger to swing back and forth like a aendulua
CARVER OF STONE
HORIZONTAL
1 Man who is
carving
statues in a
mountain.
12 Polynesian
chestnut.
13 Artless.
14 A styptic.
16 One who
consumes.
17 Indian civet.
18 To erase.
19 Spain.
20 Friend.
21 Corded cloth.
23 Type standard.
24 Wine vessel.
26 Drunkard.
27 Data
30 Ethical.
32 Quintessence.
34 Mus.'cal
drama.
35 Rabbit.
36 Note in scalc.
37 Preposition.
38 Each.
39 Growing out.
Answer to Previous Puzzle
|M A U D E A D AlhSLl
telQSt
□RLE IN
RlEiS
E IN
T
ML
■E L
Al&IOiRiA
iTi'tipp
PJA
LiML—
iLlElMlfljA!
AOffAiUlNtTI
A'RBSu ^Tj't]
CIOJVLE
B!0!R!E
INlll.iL lAiMjAjPFjAr
^Ha1sMa1]T die ilPiojL o
N F 1A NuriPtr'iTT R'P:A *1
42 Wild sheep.
45 Male bee.
46 Horb.
47 Profit.
49 Good name.
53 About.
56 Region.
57 To make
amends.
58 Observed.
59 He is a
painter,
writer, and
60 Fits.'
VERTICAL
1 To pant.
2 Indian.
3 Sailor.
4 Spanish cuncc.
5 Spikes.
G Child's napkin.
7 Manifest.
8 Network.
9 Boy.
10 Rubber tree.
11 Hybrid of a
horse.
12 This
monument is
o.n —
i MounUifl
15 It is a -
to four
Am'-ricu
president
20 Flattery
22 Palatine.
24 Form of ^
25 Scar.
28 Frost ti*
2D rcf-.r^ A
31 To expand
;j2 Seven" Gt
" Tetter
3C Virginia
willow.
. Coodby.
.]! Pcrt2in^
tone.
.]'(To a v.a'it
44 Twin
4T, God «
47 Ac-rifctt I
Circle pirt
•5!) IVi by.
50 'ndian.
:)1 N< itber.
b: Upon. .
5 I. nC. lQ—11
fj Being.

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