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The times-news. [volume] (Hendersonville, N.C.) 1927-current, November 28, 1938, Image 1

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c.i, and continued cold tonijht;
to«*d*y f*'r- with t*n,Pera*
(Lltr UitMB -
Wife Hurl* Defi appear* tncrcaa*
ingly in tb« newt, but the old
fashioned rolling pin U more dead
57—No. 284
Largest Daily Circulation of Anv Newspaper in North Carolina in Proportion to Population
#** * * * # * # *** C4 * * * # * # # * *
Santa Claus To Arrive Here Tuesday Night
- _ A,
my ml be
i S. Band to Play As
Christmas Season
Is Opened
Preparations went forward to
ar for the opening of the Christ
ian season in Hendersonville.
With the first event set for
[today night, which will be ob
eyed as window shopping night,
iirectors of the merchants divi
»n met this morning and ap
rored plans for the second at
wrtion. This will be county
cool day and will be observed
nt Saturday.
Merchants were busy today dec
rating store windows while a
irce of workmen under the di
ction of S. Maxwell was install,
g silver-colored pine trees the
ngth of Main street. Trees also
ill be placed on Fourth and Fifth
venues, Seventh avenue east and
erhaps other places in the busi
kss districts. The city's overhead
.tnstmas lights consisting of
ayriads of variously colored bulbs
ETinj across the streets for sev
en! blocks also will add much to
tfcione of the decorations.
' Siata Claus will arrive up own
C i o'clock Tuesday evening ac
companied by the high school
band, which will play at the in
tersects of other streets with
n&.i street. The veteran saint
till announce that his next ap
pearance here will be on Satur
fiay for countv school day.
A feature of window shopping
opt will be a "scrambled sen
dee" contest conducted by The
TbevNews and almost a score of
wdants who subscribed to an
c..v-."oct* rage in today's is
«:f th:> newspaper. In the win
of tach co-operating merch
ffT... !',o a card bet ring several
Cr.. .ed words, and these words
r-<-. properly unscrambled and
Psr.'td w.ll form a phrase or
wtence appropriate to Christ
j-' pping. For the best solu
Tne Times-Xews will give a
J* prize of >3 and second and
-/I Prize* of $3 and $2. Rules
- *:e contest are given on the
?ec:a. Daee.
Far school day next Saturday,
fe merchants division is offering
»irst prize of $25 to the school
a Henderson county which has
iry^st percentage of its pu
?1 enrollment in Hendersonville
■ that day. Second and third
Jttes of $15 and $10 also will
* awarded.
fcp: 3 will be asked to enroll
< * designated place, and each
«aool will be given a merit of
per cent for each mile which
* pupils have to travel. Thus, a
ten miles out will start with
'^A\: of 1- per cent, and if 90
cer.t of its enrollment regis
^ 1v "v,'e a perfect percent
^ / •-ation will be con
betweer the hours of 10
^ ~ 5 p. m. next Saturday.
Claus w !1 be here all day
* ccn iy or other -gifts
Neutrality Act's
Changes May Give
F. R. Freer Hand
President Would Be Able
to Apply Embargo on
Aggressor at Will
NEW YORK. Nov. 28.— (UP)
—A nlan to amend the United
States' Neutrality act so the Pres
ident could apply an embargo on
any nation he deemed to be an
aggressor, is being prepared by
government experts for presenta
tion to President Roosevelt.
Proposed amendments would be
designed to transform the neutral
ity law into one of the most pow
erful diplomatic weapons in exist
It is understood that the amend
ments would:
1. Increase discretionary pow
ers of the President in dealing
with aggressor nations;
2. Give the President power to
name the agjrressor in a foreign
conflict and apply an embargo on
that nation without also applying
it to the nation being attacked;.
3. Empower the President to
prohibit shipment of war materials
to an aggressor nation;
4. Include Canada in the list of
Latin American nations to which
the act at present does not apply.
Vehicle License
Applications Are
At Motor Club
Owners Not Receiving
These bv Mail Should
Call There
Motor vehicle owners who re
side in Hendersonville or who re
ceive their mail through the Hen
dersonville post office, should con
tact the local office of the Caro
lina Motor club if thev have not
received the white 1939 license
application card from Raleigh cov
ering their automobile, trucks or
trailers, according to Cathryn
Wiseman, manager of the club.
R. R. McLaughlin, director of
motor vehicles, has authorized the
post office to turn over to the
Carolina Motor c'ub all licence ap
plication cards that could not be
delivered here. These cards are
filed nlphabeticaallv at the Caro
lina Motor club office in the Sky
land Hotel building, where those
who have not received cnrds for
their vehic'es are invited to call
and see if their name appears
am^ng these cards.
The 1989 plates will go on sale
December 1, and arrangements
have been completed for hindlin^
the ru«ih qir'ckly and efficiently.
To date 4,449 plates have been
sold at the local office compared
with 4,? 16 for the entire year of
1937. The total sale for the en
tire state stands at 591.648 and
ind;cation* are that the total will
fall iust shy of 600,000. The sale
to date for the state has alre^dv
established a new alltime high
mark for North Carolina registra
tions in one year. Carolina Motor
club offices sell 85 per cent of the
state license plates.
Enforcement of the statute pro
viding a $2 penalty on purchasers
(Continued on page four)
^echs, Poles Dead In Border Clash;
Say Latter Take Land Not Allotted
Warsaw, n*0v. 28. (UP)—
flitting between Polish and
k^koslovak troops, with several
">n both aides, broke out yes
fefcy when the Polish army oc
the Javorina ditsrict of
l^-fiern Slovakia three days be
2 tfc time fixed for the Czechs'
"p'der of the area.
^11 government communique in
"fcsaw said the clash occurred
"<a Czech troops fired on the
facing Pole3 The Czech obser
[ .attached to the Polish occu
: was said to have pro
:pon the Czech sol
is'. tire again and the
r-; -;s returned the fire.
^ • -- r and two soldiers
J. ' ' > have been killed
-.s wounded. It was
|V'; nat Czech soldiers
Vd; r • killed and wounded.
aggravated a sit
acute because of
^-H:r..-a.-:an demands for a
■i "r' " • ': tier by amputation
' ' k;a's eastern prov
i,.. - ia. The demand for
•j.... ' r.r-cr, containing a
1 1 Evasion, has resulted
in warnings to Warsaw and Buda
pest from the British, French,
German and Italian governments.
Czech versions of the shooting
said the Poles used "extreme
brutality" against the civilian
population of the Javorina district
because the people, who had not
anticiptaed the occupation until
December 1, were unprepared to
leave quickly.
It also was alleged in Prague
that the Poles had occupied con
siderably more area in the dis
trict than had been ceded to tTiem
under the recent Polish-Czech
agreement and had taken the
town of Smercovka, which was
supposed to remain Slovak.
It was admitted in Prague thai
the Slovak population had resist
ed the Poles "because they were
unprepared for the sudden cross
ing of the border."
Czech authorities said they ha<]
been assured by Polish militarj
leaders that the Polish troops
would withdraw as soon as th<
new frontier is definitely drawr
. by a delimitation commission.
Score of "Front" Organi
zations Named for Le
gal Consideration
Chairman Martin Dies of the
house committee on un-American
activities demanded last night in
a letter to Secretary of State Cor
dell Hull that the state depart
ment prosecute communist, fas
cist and Nazi groups for alleged
failure to comply with the new
law requiring registration of
agents of foreign principals.
"The evidence before our com
mittee," Dies' letter said, "clearly
shows that the Communist party
of the United States is an agent
of the Communist Third Interna
tional which has headquarters in
Moscow. The evidence also indi
cates that certain 'front' organi
zations of the Communist party,
such as the League for Peace and
Democracy, the International La
bor Defense, the Civil Liberties
union, and many others whose
names will be found in our hear
ings, are likewise agents of the
Communist party. The evidence
further indicates that the Ger
man-American bund is an agent
of the Nazi party in Germany."
He recommended that Hull "in
struct the department of justice,
or any other appropriate agency,
to proceed with the indictment of
these various organizations and
that they be prosecuted for fail
Livestock Yards to Hold
Actions Thursday
in Future
The Hendersonville Livestock
Yards announce that the auction
sales will hereafter be held on
Thursday at 1 o'clock instead of
Tuesday, which has been observed
as auction day since the opening a
few weeks ago.
The owners, Josiah Johnson and
W. 0. Johnson and son, W. 0., Jr.,
sell all kinds of livestock at auc
tion and aside from the auction
business they buy and sell live
NEW YORK, Nov. 28. (UP).—
Robert Irwin, 81, confessed East
er triple slayer of Veronica Ged
eon, her mother and a roomer at
their home, was sentenced today
to life imprisonment.
NASHVILLE, Nov. 28. (UP).
Fire today completely destroyed
the Johnsonian apartments with a
$100,000 loss. ^.11 occupants es
Bulgarians Riot, Demand
inff Return of War
Lost Territories
ATHENS. Nov. 28. (UP)—Th<
chiefs of the army general staff
of Rumania, Yugoslavia and Tur
key, accompanied by large reti
nues of army, navy and air forces
arrived here Sunday for a 10-da:
conference on the Balkan entente'
military affairs.
The conference will get down t<
work todav under the direction o
General Papagos, chief of th»
Greek general staff.
The defense of Rumania aga'ns
the territorial demands of Bui
earia and Hungary, including mili
tary means of preserving the sta
tus quo in the Balkans, will forr
the chief topic.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Nov. 28.—
(UP)—The government yesterda
imposed virtual martial law on thi
city's 290.000 residents, cuttin
off all telephone communication i
an effort to suppress disorders o
the 18th annivevsarv of the Worl
war treaty of Neuilly.
A government order clearin
the streets and putting militar
and police patrols in charge of th
city at daybreak resulted from I
series of disorders in which crowd
of young Bulgarians demanded ri
turn of the nation's war-lost tei
ritories. i
These territories, stripped fro)
Bulgaria by the treaty of Neuill
(Continued on pasre four.)
ure to comply with this act of
congress." He added that in doin?
this the state department "wiH
render a great public service
which will have the approbation
of the overwhelming majority «.*
patriotic Americans."
The registration law became'
effective early last month. Less
than 500 representatives of
called foreign principals have reg*
istered although state department
officials sent precautionary warn
ings to more than 2500 persons
known to be agents of foreign
governments or businesses.
Among groups mentioned by
Dies as "front" organizations
were the Workers' International
Relief, Friends of the Soviet
Union, North American Commit
tee To Aid Spanish Democracy,
Friends of the Abraham Lincoln
Brigade, Society To Aid Spanish,
Democracy, American Society To
Aid Spanish Democracy, Interna
tional Workers' Order, and the
American Student union.
Others were the Young Com
munist League, Young Pioneers of
America, League For Industrial
Democracy, The Khaki Shirts, The ,
Silver Shirts, The Italian Fascists,1
rhe American Fascists, The Amer- i
ican Aryan Folk Association, of
Portland, Ore., American Guard,
The American League of The
Friends of New Germany, Port
and, Ore., and The American Na
:ional Socialist party.
"You will find in the reports of :
(Continued on patre three) i
ij O Shopping Days
i«rfO Till Christmas
English ^GAGBO in GBEAt
QMS <0 sse that eveoy
: soiDieQ got a Plum Pudding-.
German troops introduced
Christmas trees in Belgium.
I . ■. . English engaged in great
drive to see that every soldier
' got a plum pudding. . . . Pari
sian Christmas gaiety was
squelched. . . . Bernhardt was
til her way to her farewell tour
«.i America. . . . That was the
Christmas that Ford's Peace
Ship failed to get the boys out
oi vJie trenches by. . . . German
toys were boycotted
Says Fascists' Sch American
Program Indus Traffic In Arms
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28. (UJrith police guards to fight off the
—Dr. David Efron. secretai'y freen-shirted Fascist rebels, was
Latin-America of the Pan Amei^anced and directed by' Nazi
can conference on democracy, agents.
nounced last nieht that he h »we know," Efron said "that
documentary evidence of Germ^ortiy before the Interralista
and Italian propaganda act v:tikitsch, 25,000 guns and large
in Latin-America including 'clauantities of ammunition were
destine traffic in armaments. muggled into Brazil through the
He said that the organlzaticferts of San Francisco and Itajhy.
which meets here Dec. 10, a d He said he has evidence that a
after the eighth Pan-Americ|erman branch bank in Rio de
! conference opens at Lima, Pineiro and a leading- German
. will consider the evidence, inclifcsiness house were implicated in
ing names of German and Ita ihe arms transaction.
business firms and agents who "Von Cossel, Nazi delegate to
legedly are spreading anti-Amfrazil, and Prince Schaumburg- j
I ican propaganda in Brazil. Arg<,jppC> special delegate of the Nazi
tina. Mexico, Chile and Lruguaiinistry of propaganda, actually
. Efron, professor of Latin-AmSrected, together with Plinio Sal-1
i ican culture at Sarah Lawrei^do, the Integralista movement,"
college, New York, said that Jfron charged. "We know that
; groun would report "on the rith the connivance of certain1
I cessity for defending the Airfcilitary leaders, Nazi guns and'
! icas against Fascist invasion frjmmunitions are being imported j
within as well as from abroahto Guatemala, and then smug
He charged that the abortive Ij]ed through the Guatemala-Mex
cist integralist "putsch" in Br£an frontier for the Nazi colonies;
last summer, when President jf Soconusco which have raised
tulio Vargas personally joi' (Continued on page three) I
Snowfalls Are Record for
November; Cold Felt
Over Florida
i Most of the United States from
'the Rockies to the eastern sea
board and from Maine to the
southern tip of Florida today is
experiencing the second cold wave
pf the winter.
Freezing weather followed the
double blizzzard over the Thanks
jiving- week-end which established
;-ecord November snowfalls and
was responsible for more than
100 deaths in the east and middle
i New England was digging itself
»ut of snowfalls ranging from 10
o 20 inches, and reported 29
Now York C'ty's fatalities from '
•old and from accidents on icy
Highways totalled 23.
An insidious, bitter cold wave
;ripped the south last night to the •
louthern tip of Florida.
Like the Thanksgiving day
told wave, the cui'rent cold was
lorn in the snow-covered tundra
»f Canada, the weather bureau
tail. A "huge mass" of cold air
ertssed the Rocky mountains last
and moved southeastward, L
leong TO its wake ice, frost and
Unlike the Thanksgiving cold,
tie current wave woo trannvollv
daccompanied by snow or rain,
tic weather bureau said, although
rarthwest Arkansas was buried
lilt night beneath a white blan
I let of snow. I <
1 At least two deaths were di- ,
I rettly traceable to the cold. I (
The blackened body of Davis
Dtgeer, 65-year-old recluse, last 1
nifcht was recovered from the t
ashes of his lean-to. Degeer, hud-!
dling over a crude oil stove of his ^
own making, was believed to have i
fallen upon the heater. It over-;
turned and covered him with f
flaming kerosene. i r
1 Jennie Hudson, negro, died
'Sunday of burns she received
Vhen fire destroyed her home
near Batesville, Miss., Saturday.
'It was believed that she built a
'fire too big for her fireplace.
1 The weather was generally fair
Hhroughout the south last night
\s thermometers dropped steadily
Atlanta reported an official
;emperature of 29 degrees at 7
). m. and a probability of 20 by
- New Orleans felt its record low
,|or the season—34 degrees—at
il:30 a. m. Sunday. The thermom
eter climbed to 46, then slowly
♦egan to recede.
i Smoke from a burning "quiver
ing prairie" cast a pall over part j
if New Orleans last night. Shiv
ering firemen pumped water from
•hree pumps on the stubborn fire
ihorughout the day but returned ,
ftst night to report the fire still
turning. Mayor Robert Maestri,
acting on complaint of numerous
ratery-eyed citizens, ordered the
ire department to "put the fire j
>ut and keep it out." Firemen
bid the fire was smouldering
(Continued on page fou*->
London Hears German-Jap-Italian Anti-Communist Pact
Ready To Be Transformed Into Military Alliance
and Pledges Involved Made Public
TOKYO, Nov. 28. (UP)—Japan
must have sufficient munitions on
hand to fight, if necessary, two
wars simultaneously against Rus
sia and China, Japanese munitions
makers were told today by the
foreign office.
Lieut. Gen. Seishiro Itagaki,
war minister, told the manufac
turers at a conference that it was
necessary to increase the muni
tions output immediately.
LONDON. Nov. 28. (UP)—The
News Chronicle's diplomatic cor
respondent. A. J. Cummings, said
yesterday that Germany, Italy and
Japan are ready to transform their
anti-Communif* pact into a close
military alliance.
The newspaper said the text of
the new agreement, officiary en
dorsed in Berlin, Rome and Tokyo, i
would contain four main points.!
as follows:
1. If any one of the three coun-i
tries is menaced by war the other
two will assist immediately "politi
cally, diplomatically and by every
economic means at their disposal."
2. If 6ne of the three powers is
attacked, all three will consult im
mediately on measures of assist
ance. . ' 7 '
! 3. If two or all the powers of
j the Rome-Berlin-Tokio axis are
engaged simultaneously in a war
they will make no separate peace,
but only a tri-power peace in com
mon agreement,
4. The alliance's duration of 10
years will be extended automati
cally for another five years if it is
not denounced before the end of
the decade.
The News Chronicle said Joa
chim von Ribbbentrop, German
foreign minister, is ready to sign
the agreement immediately but,
that Foreign Minister Count Ga-;
leazzo Ciano of Italy, although he i
has agreed in principle to the pro
visions, has asked that the formal
signing be delayed for several ,
months. j 1
The Moscow weekly, "Journal
of Moscow," which is close to the ^
Soviet foreign office, announced ,
two weeks ago that Germany, Italy; \
and Japan were ready to remodel, (
their anti-comintern pact into a ?
militarv alliance as a direct result {
of the four-power Munich accord t
which dismembored Czechoslo- r
November Checks
For Blind Here
Welfare Office Hears Ap
plicants on Fixed Days
Announcement that November i
:hecks for the blind have been re
vived and are at the office of the
:ounty welfare department is
nade by A. G. Randolph, superin- j
endent of the department.
witn reierence to the time at
fhich applications for help may
e made, Mr. Randolph said:
"All applications made by white
eople are taken at the welfare
ffice Thursday and Saturday
"All applications made by col
ored people are taken on Tuesday
"Applications are not taken at
any other times.
"WPA clothing is distributed
on the same mornings that appli
cations are taken."
Mr. Randolph explained that
there is so much work to be done
by the office force that it can
only hear applications from the
public at the times stated above.
Junior Welfare Starts Serv
ing Undernourished
in Schools
The free soup kitchen, operated
for the past several years by the
Junior Welfare club, and serving
undernourished children in .the
city schools, was opened today.
The soup kitchen is the princi
pal objective of the welfare or
ganization, and 125 children in
citv schools are being served each
day. •
A shower was held last week by
school children, who contributed
canned goods, vegetables and
other articles to be used in the op
eration of the kitchen, and thanks
were extended by welfare club of
ficers today.
Plans are now being made for
the annual New Year's Eve dance
which is given by the club each
year as a benefit for the soup
kitchen. j
The Welfare club recently
bought dishes to be used in the i
nursery school, and is making a
cash contribution each month for
the operation of the nursery
Kedron Masonic lodge will meet
in special communication Tuesday
night at 7:30 o'clock for the pur-j
pose of conferring the fellowcraft
degree. All members are asked to (
attend and visiting Masons will be
welcomed. j
Is Included in Woodring'j
"Protective Mobiliza
tion" Program
' United Press Staff Correspondent
, | WASHINGTON, Nov. 28. (UP)
, : Secretary of War Harry H. Wood
- j ring last night recommended to
President Roosevelt a "protective
mobilization plan" calling for a
strong defensive army augmented
, by impregnable fortifications at
the Panama Canal, and unlimited
supplies of war materials.
The plan was the basis of Wood
ring's annual report to the chief
, executive. It reflected administra
' tion anxiety over world unrest
and complements President Roose
I velt's one-hemisphere defense pol
icy which is expected to receive
endorsement of the Latin-Ameri
can nations at the forthcoming
Pan-American conference at Lima.
Woodrins: stated bluntly that
existing defensive measures are
inadequate, that United States
military outposts, especially the,
Panama Canal, are glaringly weak, |
and that corrective measures must;
be taken immediately, with em
phasis on the canal.
While reporting vast improve-1
ment in the military machine since
1933, when he assumed office, he
said that there "remain deficien
cies in organization, equipment
and personnel which must be cor
C Continued on paee four)
Hull, At Sea, Believed Paving
Way For 'Hemisphere Defense'
AT SEA, Nov. 28. (UP)—Secre
tary of State Cordell Hull con
ferred yesterday with diplomatic
representatives of several Latin
! American countries on questions
! that may be raised before the
Eighth Pan-American conference
at Lima, Peru.
Hull, en route to Lima with the
American delegation and the am
bassadors and ministers of several
: Latin American nations, was be
j lieved to be preparing the way
for the introduction of the new
"hemisphere defense" program
outlined by President Roosevelt.
It was regarded as significant
that he was closeted with Miguel
Lopez Pumareja, the Colombian
ambassador to the United States,
for more than an hour following
receipt of an announcement from
the state department that the Uni
ted States would send naval and
military missions to Colombia.
In view of the war department
recommendations for increasing
defenses of the Panama Canal
Zone, the dispatch of American;
naval and military experts to as
sist in training Colombia's armed i
'forces was considered hiehly rg
nificant by observers aboard the
I Santa Clara.
Although no official mention of
the campaign of the United States
Ifto check the drive of the Euro
pean'totalitarian powers'to pene
trate South America and Mexico
has been made, it was understood
that much of the preliminary talk
will poiflt toward this question.
It was rumored from various
i Latin American sources that the
! question of settlement of Jewish
; refugees from Germany in Sonth
America would be brought up hy
i a "leading delegation." This v as
regarded as an indication that the
conference will consider Europem
affairs as they are related to the
American continents.
There was little doubt thnt t'ic
most important topics before the
delegates would be, first the
"Roosevelt doctrine*' of dofen e,
which Mr. Roosevelt enunciojrd
at Washington on Nov. 15, and
which has.been widely commented
upon; and second, the economic,
problems upon which Hull has cen
tered his interest for several yeai s.
Nazis Say Further Agna
tion May Bring Steps
Against U. S. Jews
WARM SPRINGS, Ga.. Nov. 28.
(UP)—President Roosevelt toda?
renewed his conventions with
American ambassadors to Ita'y
and Germany on the subject cf
European and religious persecu
It was reported that the confer
ences might lead to an even more
positive policy in this regard.
For more than four hours the
chief executive sat before nn open
fire in the living room of the Httb
White House here, listening to
Hugh Wilson, ambassador to Ger
many, and William Phillips, rm
bassador to Italy. When they final
ly left the cottage on Pine moun
tain they were instructed to re
turn for further conferences at
loon today.
BERLIN, Nov. 28. (UP)—In
ormed Nazis said last nifrht thnt
ontinued anti-German "agitation"
n the United States may resuH in
Herman authorities .refusing to
lermit American Jews to reonen
heir shons and stores closed since
he anti-Jewish rioting earlier this
iNazis saia sucn retanarion was
"almost certain to follow" if any
high American official should ad
vocate a tight boycott of German
goods. ' K
The United States government
stlfl if awaiting Germany's answer \
t-o two n&tee Miking for qui *s*v
ance that the Reich's announced
intention of driving .Jews from
I business arid "Aryanizinsr" their
shops will not jeopardize the prop
erty of Jews who arc American
. The anti-Jewish drive settled
I down to a business-like liquidation
and "Aryanization" of Jewish
businesses and real estate with a
constant tightening of social re
strictions against Jews, Thi-r/;
were sporadic reports of new ar
It was estimated today that, up
to the time of the Paris assa«s'na
' tion of Ernst von Rath which
I touched off the new anti-Jewish
measures, at least 100,000 Ger
man Jews have been deprived of
means of livelihood under the Nazi
regime. Now virtuallv all of the
remainine 600,000 in Germany
proper and in Austria will be ex
cluded from gainful labor, exceot
a limited few who will be nermft
j ted to serve the Jewish communi
j ties.
WARM SPRINGS. Ga., Nov. 28.
(UP)—President Roosovelt last
night explored the wholfe p'cture
of religious persecution with Am
erica's envoys to Italy and Ger
Seated before a roaring fire in
the cozy plne-paneled living room
of the little White House a'op
Pine mountain the chief executive
heard from Hugh Wilson, ambas
sador to Berlin, and William Phil
lips, ambassador to Rome, th'ir
conclusions on the European wave
of intolerance directed not only
(Continued on page four)

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