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Partly cloudy and colder Mon I n.«ht; Tuesday fair. aa? »'« sEht Wanes Largest Daify Circulation of Any Newspaper in North Carolina in Proportion to Population GOOD AFTERNOON The WPA worker lean* on hi* •hovel and the congreuman lean* on the WPA worker. VOL. 57—No. 290 HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1938 j' SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS LEADING DEMS DIVIDED OVER ; BOOM FOR F. R. Senator Guffey Boosts Him But It May Be "Plan to Tie Up Vote" b|G. BURKE HOLD STEP IS PREMATURE WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. a'P> "enator Joseph F. Guffey, of Vr.r>;. Aa:.;a. a member of the national committee ii.i ivu- of the party's liberal night called on Pies dent I! 'I'scvelt to seek a third r::; 1 • and warned that his • - ">'t support "middle -: • candidates. Hr -.i.d a statement that fee ismh' ;n 1940 would be the in-. "liberal democracy" i pv'Ai*: r. 0 shrd shrdlu oa a :r.v "camouflaged fascism (puw.-ifui financial and indus ibI intemb maaqiwradint un Itr the colors of the Republican ■ i he one man to justify the ■nevelt record is Roosevelt," ho Bio. "Pennsylvania wants him as pndard bearer in 1940. Penn Irlvama does nut want and will ive nuthi: c to do with any so illed : i .ui' caruli ates. "lV::«sylvatiia was. is and will e tor Koo.sevelt and Pt-nn.-yiva lUi's 7-' votes at the next Denio rata- conveniton will be east to cake him our standard-bearer in 19-10." He asserted the KepuDllcans lifted a "new but temporary" iase on life in some states in the lownber general election and ii/ytd that, a campaign to ■again makt* Wall Street the seat if government" was initiated at be Annual meeting of the Repub ican national committee here last leek. "The drive to saddle the cost if relief for the nation's unem ioyed wage earners on the backs if Uie nation's employed wage ■rners is also under way," the latement >aid. "The movement »establish industrial serfdom A destroy the partnership be tas labor and capital made pos bitby the liberal Democrats un etae leadership of Franklin iiaewlt is gathering momen Ihe Democratic leadership, rffey concluded, would be dere ct in its duty if it did not take tffective steps to make impos Me the accomplishment of these ^publican aims." H:> statement came a week af Senator (Jeorge W. Norris, w . \ebr., one of Sir. Roosevelt's kief advisers on power legisla os. toid reporters that the chief tecutive might be forced into •kin* a third terra if his liberal r*(fium should be sabotaged in "Jjiess. Similar expressions have ** from Secretary of the In T:,->r Harold L. I ekes and other ew Dealers but Guffey is be to be the first member of * national committee to take ■-1 stand publicly. «« me omer nana, several ^tsjcratic senators who have -<it extreme New Deal legis ^ " haw n uile no secret of • . r: to a presidential - These include Senator *"• K \\ r.eeler, of Montana, • : the successful tight the supreme court en . and Senator Ed i ..f Nebraska, who is '*"ii : ,ften outside the New (Cor.t.iiued on page four) Wards Made In Window Contest i?. ' $5 in the "scram ^ contest conducted in ... i window shopping '-i-onville was award • , - Mary Louise God C' . H«'»'ida avenue. goes, to Miss : third prize of $2 to Croft K*s^,ltra; contestants also •"i'ct solutions of the ^ .-.entences, and from K- .. selected the final w •' ;ii flit* basis of neatness h t-^" K " ' 1 attracted 114 en •e *0 -'hout 100 of these " r" errors were found. ltMfi fiav.!"L' on'y error were i ■awards on the basis I tft 't in the final analy * not only had the Ht-s • v"'ufl!>nM of all the sen ^ a.adjudged the neat Ch >•:; ,v- he mailed to Miss itii x Moss and Mrs. Croft ^ v - atulations of The bo i u> and 17 merchants H*ru ''Mires* thanks to all Coate;iants. Meeting Place for Pan-American Conference This is Lima. Peru. Main part of "City of Kings," where eighth Pan-American Conference convenes | Dec. 9, is shown in this air view. i A.D. ELLENBURG PASSES AMY ] Funeral for Retired Soldier Will Be Held Tues day Afternoon Funeral services for Adam D. Ellenburg, 64, a retired soldier, who di'ed at his home on the old Spartanburg: road yesterday morning at 5:05 o'clock, will be held on Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock. Services will be conducted from the late residence by the Rev. N. B. Phillips, and burial will follow in Oak Grove ceme tery. The Hubert M. Smith post of the American Legion will sup ply pallbearers and an escortand have charge of services. Mr. Ellenburg was a native of Tennessee and came here from that state. He served for 24 years in the U. S. army, enlist ing on May 10, 1893, and retir ing on May 10, 1917. He was a veteran of the Spanish-Ameri can war. He is survived by his widow. Wife Of Former Banker Here Dies Mrs. F. E. Durfee, a former Hendersonville resident, died on Sunday at Los Angeles, according to word received here today. Her husband was formerly a Hender sonville banker. The funeral services will be held Tuesday at Forest l.a\vn cemetery, Glendale, Calif. COSTS ASSESSED IN SETTING BRUSH FIRE Magistrate W. L. Miller on Sat urday assessed costs against Pat Reid of Green River township, on a charge of setting a brush fire without a permit. Ickes Stands By i Ban Upon Helium Supply For Nazis WASHINGTON. Dec. 5. (UP) Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes will stand bv his refusal to permit export of helium to Ger many, he indicated last nijiht in his annual report to the President., The gas, on which the United States holds a virtual monopoly, was on'y an incidental item in the report and Ickes discussed it brief ly. He said that no helium has been exported because "the secretary of the interior was not persuaded that the supply sought was not of mili tary importance. . This reaffirms the stand he took hist year when the Berlin govern ment sought to purchase 1G,UOO. 000 cubic feet to inflate its new dirigible, sistership of the ill-fated Hindenberg. State and war department offi cials approved the sale but Ickes, who has sole power to blow it, claimed that the amount sought constitutes "military importance," and withheld his sanction. Since that time the dirigible has been reconditioned so that it can be in flated with hydrogen, the highly inflammable gas that caused the Hindenberg's untimely end. In his report on helium produc tion Ickes said that the govern ment plant at Amarillo, Tex., pro duced 0,100.000 cubic feet during the 1938 fiscal year, an increase of 1,300,000 over 1937. He added that the government had acquired new helium-producing lands. Greek Ship Sinks; Crew, 15, Missing LONDON, Dec. 5. (UP)—Fif teen crew members of the Greek freighter Akti were listed missing today after the ship sank in a collision with the German steam er, LaPlata, near the entrance of the English channel. GERMAN JEWS WILL SUFFER NAZI REVENGE FOR CODREANU DEATH IN RUMANIAN PRISON | BERLIN, Dec. 5. (UP).—Ger man Jews last night were warned that they will suffer Nazi revenge for the flaying in Rumania of Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, the "Little Fuehrer* 'of Rumania's Fascist iron guard. | Nazis, describing the Rumanian killings as 'cold-blooded murder," posted signs in various parts of Berlin labelled "revenge for Cod reanu!" "We will revenge Codreanu through the Jews!" said the signs, found hanging from doorknobs and from trees. Newspapers, rejecting official Rumanian explanations that 17 iron guardists, including Codeanu, had been slain during the last five days when they attempted to "escape" from authorities, repeat ed accusations that the killings in grounds and other public places Von Rath in Paris by a 17-year old Polish Jew were part of a plot by "international Jewry." The new warning was posted before Germany's 700,000 Jews had recovered from a series of Nazi decrees banishing them to a 20th century form of Ghetto life. The decrees prohibited Jews from owning or driving automobiles, from walking; or riding in some of Berlin's principal steets, entering theaters, concert hall, athletic Rumania like the slaying of Ernst and advised them to move into the poor northwest Jewish section of Berlin. Nazi leaders' anger over the slaying of Codreanu and 13 of his followers last Wednesday in a purported Rumanian prison break was intensified by the slaying there Saturday of three youthful iron guardists, supposedly when they tried to "escape' 'after try ing to blow up a gas works at Cluj. Der Angrif, organ of Propa ganda Minister Paul Joseph Goeb bels, said Codreanu had been 1 "murdered in cold blood," and quoted French "right wing cir cles" as supporting the theory that it was a plain case of mur i der. The Rumanian government of I King Carol II, according to Der Angrief, appears to be removing i the iron guard leaders "by organ ized massacre," STRIKE CLOSES BUICK PLANT Expect Work to Resume at All Detroit Motor Plants on Tuesday ■ DETROIT, Dec. 5. (UP)—Gen- | eral Motors announced today its Buick plant at Flint was closed on account of lack of supp+W-re' suiting from the Fisher Body plant strike. With the Fisher strike settled, the plant was ex pected to reopen later today and Buick will resume tomorrow. Buick employs 13,000 men, 3,000 of whom were laid off Friday when linal assembly line closed | because of the strike. The .strike at the Fisher plant resulted when the UAW Flint lo cal No. .r>81 charged that Plant Manager George C. Patterson walked out on wage negotiations ! for employes in the stamping j unit. C. K. Wilson, General Motors vice president, charged that the strike was "in direct violation of j our agreement" with the UAW. In a telegram to Union President Homer Martin he said the con tract provides that there shall be no strike until "all steps set forth in grievance procedure have been exhausted without success." SAYS TVA WILL LOSE MILLIONS . I Arthur Morgan Says Defi cit Will Be Three Millions Annually WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. (UP) —Former TVA Chairman Arthur Morgan today charged that the TVA's power business will regis ter a three million dollar loss an nually when its seven power dams are in full operation. Morgan, testifying before the joint congressional investigating committee, asserted that residen tial consumers in the TVA area had been greatly oversold on elec trical appliances in an attempt to boom the agency's power business. > NLRB Upheld In Part In Appeal WASHINGTON, Dec. 5. (UP) j The United States supreme court today ruled that the NLRK em-; ployed faulty procedure in seek ing to invalidate a contract be-; tween the Consolidated Edison company and American Federa tion of Labor union. The high court modified the board order to allow the cntract to stand but upheld the remainder board or der confirming NLRB jurisdiction j over utilities which are local in nature but serve interstate in dustries. PRISONER IS SUICIDE SALEM. Mass., Dec. 5. (UP) — Penning a note which explained he could not bear separation from his wife, Robert C. Jackson, 35, leaped to his death Sunday from a third tier cell in Salem jail. He had served all but four months of a year's sentence. ROOSEVELT TO SPEAK TODAY IN CHAPEL HILL New Pronouncement on Foreign Affairs Believ ed Forth Coming By FREDERICK A. STORM United Pre«* Staff Correspondent WARM SPRINGS. Gu., Dec. 5. — (UP)—President Roosevelt last night put the finishing touches on a majoi address that he will de liver today at Chapel Hill. N. C., ion a subject as yet undisclosed wut which observers believe will be a restatement of his attitude on religious persecutions in Ger many. The president, who had been in iWarm Springs in his "second state" — Georgia — since Thanks 'giving, last night departed on the two-day journey northward to Washington where one of his first items of business will be to renew inferences with Hugh Wilson, ambassador to Berlin. Mr. Roosevelt boarded a special train of the Southern Railway at the Warm Springs Foundation and left at 9 1). m., CST. Several score persons from the foundation bid him troodbye at the train. Wilson was recalled from tier-' many for consultation on the Nazi anti-Jewish drive a few hours be fore Mr. Roosevelt issued a sharp denunciation of persecution of ra cial minorities in Germany and declared this nation was "deeply shocked" by what had occur rod. The statement, which he permit ted to be quoted directly, produced a profound reaction in political circles here and abroad. It was understood that the ad dress at Chapel Hill would be of sufficient international importance U> be broadcast in Europe as well this country! Some friends, however, believed l\Ir. Roosevelt would not confine his remarks to Nazi Germany alone, on the question of attacks upon racial, religious and political minorities, but would cover the entire field in which excessive re pression of these groups has been noted. Wilson and William Phillips, the ambassador to Rome who is in this country on a vacation, conferred with the president here a few days ago, on the subject of anti-Jewish developments in Italy and Ger many. Mr. Roosevelt was to stop today in Columbia, S. C., remaining for two hours for breakfast with Gov. Olin Johnston at the governor's (Continued on page four) Civic Chorus To Organize Fully Wednesday Night Membership to Take Up Active Work After the Christinas Holidays A meeting of the Henderson- [ ville Civic Chorus has been ar-1 ranged for Wednesday evening, , December 7, at 8:30 o'clock at' the Presbyterian church house. A formal announcement on be- i half of the club today said that I this will be the final organization ' meeting and all who are present I or represented at this meeting I will be entitled to membership on , payment of one dollar. After this | membership will be by invitation only. It is explained that this is for the purpose of keeping the chorus balanced and others will be invited as their voices are needed to maintain this balance of parts. It is emphasized that this rule is not made to keep any- j one out who may wish to join but for musical reasons. Members of the original cho rus are therefore urged by the newly elected officials to attend this meeting or send their name and one dollar. It is the aim of this group to begin in a conservative way but to work earnestly for an efficient chorus capable of rendering good selections in a creditable manner, and regular meetings will begin after the holidays. Anyone desiring further infor mation may phone the secretary, Miss Willie Morrow. High Rumanian Official Wounded BUCHAREST, Dec. 5. (UP) — Two youths today shot and wound ed Colonel Critesou, president of the military tribunal at Cernauti, in what was believed to be the first counterblow against the shooting of Corneliu Codreanu, Iron Guard leader, and 16 of his principal followers. COUNTY OFFICIALS AND FIVE SUPERIOR COURT CLERKS OF DISTRICT ARE SWORN IN HERE Deputy Sheriffs and Con stables Take Office Also; Tax Collector's Term Begins in Oct. Superior court clerks from five of the six counties in the 18th judicial district were sworn in of fice by Judge J.: Will Pless, Jr., of Marion, at the courthouse this morning, and oaths were admin istered to county officials by Clerk George W. Fletcher. Using a Bible presented to Mr. Fletcher by his parents on his liOtli birthday, Judge Pless admin istered the oath of office to Mr. Fletcher, Robert F. McFarland, Jr., of Polk county; Spaulding Mcintosh, Transylvania county; Fred Moody, McDowell county* and Frank Hall, Rutherford coun* ty. The only clerk in the district not. present was Fred Proffitt of Yancey county. Using the same Bible, Mr. Fletcher administered the oath to Sheriff W. E. Davis, County Commissioners T. L. Durham, J. A. Rusher and D. G. Wilkie; D. L. Worsham, Hoopers Creek con stable; Thomas Preston Lane, Hendersonville township con stable, and J. W. Rogers, con stable for Clerk Creek. Tax Collector J. W. Stewart will not be sworn in office until the first Monday in next Octo ber when his term begins. Coroner J. F. Brooks and Sur veyor C. B. Turner were not pres (Continued on page four.) French Lands Italians Seek Black portions in above map show French territory demand ed by Italy during tumultuous demonstration in Italian cham ber of deputies. The names Cor 'sica, Tunisia, Savoy and Nice were shouted from side to side of the legislative chamber by the deputies. OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTEST ARRANGED FOR CHRISTMAS; $50 IN CASH PRIZES OFFERED SEE PERIOD OF ITALO-FRENCH STRAIN AHEAD England Will Hold to Status Quo Policy in the Mediterranean By WALLACE CARRROLL (Copyright 1938 by United Preii) LONDON, Dec. 5. (UP)—The impression here that an extended period of bad relations between Italy and France lies ahead was strengthened today by the news from Rome, Paris and France's Mediterranean possessions. Con tinuation of Italian press attacks on France and France's determi nation not to consider Italy's de mands for concessions in the Med iterranean despite current pres sure offered small hope for early adjustment of differences. Although this situation gives Prime Minister Neville Chamber lain an opportunity to strengthen his domestic political position by attempting mediation between Italy and France—a course he ap pears to have determined upon— it undoubtedly constitutes a fur ther stoppage to Chamberlain's cherished campaign for general European appeasement. As the situation stands today, there is a marked coolness be tween Great Britain and Germany, caused principally by the Nazi anti-Jewish campaign, and a simi lar feeling between France and Italy over Italy's aspirations in the Mediterranean and over the Spanish war. On the other hand there is—at least on the surface —a betterment in Anglo-Italian relations because of their new friendship pact and between Ger many and France, with their "no war" pact agreed upon and wait ing for signature this week. The failure of a French protest and a British inquiry in Rome to halt the anti-French campaign convinced diplomatic quarters that Italy intends to maintain a state of tension with France, at least (Continued on page four) Participants Must File En tries at C. of C. Office by December IS Residential sections of Hender sonville and immediate vicinity which in former years have been beautified at Christmas by home and lawn decorations of colored lights will glow more than ever with the Yule spirit this year. A lighting contest with $50 in cash prizes was announced today by a committee of the chamber of commerce in anticipation that many home owners will compete. The prizes of $25, $10, $5, $5 and $5 will be contributed equally by the chamber of commerce and I the Duke Power Co. The Times News" will promote the contest, and three competent judges to be appointed later will select the win ners. The committee in charge is composed of C. M. Ogle, J. N. Brunson and Sam Kalin. Awards will be made solely to the three homes whose exteriors are adjudged to be most artistical ly decorated for Christmas. Thus, elaborate and costly displays will not have an advantage over sim pler and less expensive displays which may be more artistic and therefore more effective. Only those householders who sign an entry blank and take it to j the chamber of commerce office j on or before Thursday, December, 15, will be eligible to compete in the contest. As entries are made, the prospective contestant will be given a folder which may be of aid in planning displays. The dis plays must be in operation not later than Monday, December 19, and must be operated nightly through Monday, December 26. Names of the winners will be an nounced in these columns on Fri day, December 23. G. W. Tidd, city electrical in spector, today urged contestants to avoid use of flimsy and inflam mable materials in Christmas dec orations. In connection with the outdoor lighting contest, Mr. Tidd offered his advice and services without charge to any prospective contestant who wishes to be cer tain that his entry is properly and safely constructed and erected. Exceptionally artistic lighting effects can be obtained by judi cious use of colored lights for the holiday season, and it is the com mittee's desire to stimulate inter (Continued on page four) ENTRY BLANK HOME DECORATING CONTEST Name Address Fill in and leave at Chamber of Commerce office before 5 p. m., Thursday, December 15. MESSAGES OF LOYALTY POUR INTO CAPITOL Forthright Steps Planned to Learn Aims of Rome* Tokyo-Berlin Axis ITALY MAYBLUFF TO PREPARE FOR CLAIMS PARIS, Dec. 5. (UP)—Premie r Daladier today replied to Italian agitation for the ponession of French Tunis in Nofth Africa and the island of Corsica with a state ment declaring that France will defend the integrity of all hit possessions. Daladier said ht> had received thousands of telegrams of loyalty from Corsica and Tunis, proving the French are ready tu hold their possessions wherever the Tricolor floats. The statement hailed demonstrations in Corsica and Tunis against Italy as a re ply to clamorous demand by mem bers of the Italian chamber of deputies for cession to Italy of French North African posses sions. Meantime the outbreak of new strikes threatened Paria as the government, prepared to welcome German Foreign - Minister Von Ribbentrop, due tomorrow to sign the Franco-German peace declar ation. The 1 maritime strike con tinued to immobilise 88 ships. PARIS, Dec. 5.' (UP)—France last night prepared to ask Ger many for a "frank explanation" of reports that Italy's hostile agi tation against French Mediterra nean .possessions is the result of a Rome-Berlin-Tokyo agreement divftKng up zonea of world-wide expansion. Premier Edouard Daladier summoned his cabinet to meet in an extraordinary session to dis cuss the reports and place them before German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop when he arrive* in Paris Tuesday morning-. The strained relations between Italy and France were aggravated further yesterday by disorderly protests against Italy in Tunis, on the Island of Corsica and among Corsicana in Paris, Strasbourg, Casablanca, Rabat and other parts of the empire where mass oaths were taken to "live and die French." Ribbentrop will be asked to state whether there is truth in a report that Rome, Berlin and To kyo, acting under their tri-power alliance against communism, have agreed upon a division of zones of influence and expansion. According to the reports, Rome and Berlin have agreed to give Japan a free-hand in China while Italy and Japan will give Ger many domination over central and southeastern Europe while Italy is being urged to expand south wards across Africa. Many French observers are con vinced that in order to keep Italy out of Danubia and prevent her from supporting demands for a common Polish-Hungarian fron tier by means of the further dis memberment of Czechoslovakia, Chancellor Adolf Hitler has con sented to support a new Italian bid for Mediterranean power at the expense of Britain and France. Thus* it was said, Italy would try to achieve her ambition on making the Mediterranean a fas cist "mare nostrum" while Ger many pursues her "drang nach <> i ten," or drive to the east The French government ap peared to doubt that Hitler would go to war to plant Italy in Tuni sia, Savoy or Corsica. The general impression is that Mussolini, instead of demanding territorial concessions from France, actually seeks political concessions in Tunisia, which he regards as "Italy's Sudetenland." He was believed to be seeking the right of self determination for the thousands of Italians in Tunisia. British Ambassador Sir Eric Phipps conferred with Bonnet (Continued on page four) COTTAGE LOST IN SUNDAY FIRE A new four-room cottage, oc cupied by Mrs. S. F. Surr-itf, re siding on Flat Rock, Route 1, wus completely destroyed by fire with all its furnishings yesterday morn ing. There was no insurance <m the home. Mrs. Surrett estimated her loss at about a thousand d« l lars. She had been working at the home of a cousin, Mrs. Noh.n Sheeley, Kanuga road, and was preparing to return to her home when word same that it had been destroyed by fire. She will continue to stop with Mrs. Sheeley for the present.