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Hendersonville News Established in 1894 Hendersonville Times Established in 1881 Published every afternoon except Sunday at 227 North Main street, Hendersonville, N. C., by The Times-News Co., Inc., Owner and Publisher. J. T. FAIN Editor C. M. OGLE Managing Editor HENRY ATKIN City Editor TELEPHONE 87 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Times-News Carrier, in Hendersonville, or else where, per ^reek u 12c Due to high postage rates, the subscription price of The Times-News in zones above No. 2 will be based on the cost of postage. Entered as second class matter at the post office in Hendersonville, N. C. TUESDAY. DECEMBER 20, 1938 BIBLE THOUGHT 5. "NO ROOM FOR THEM in the inn" (Matt. 2:f) * * * We might even inquire whether there is always room for Him in our CHURCHES. "Behold I stand at the door and knock" (Rev. 3:20) was addressed by Christ to a church. Do you get the picture? There is a church that was built in His Name; it was dedicated to Hi* worship; the people were meet ing in it from Sabbath to Sabbath and going through a form of worship; and yet the Christ was standing on the outside of the fast closed door. That might be your church or mine.—Rev. Walter L. Lingle, D.D. (To be continued) UNCLE SAM—COTTON MERCHANT Southern cotton growers voted for con tinuation of federal government control of production and marketing of the staple, which fact invites attention anew to the status of cotton production and marketing since the control program was introduced. The government now holds more than j ten million bales of cotton, which has been, unloaded on the government through the subsidy arrangement by which cotton growers agree to reduce acreage and the government pays them for so doing and makes loans on the staple, with the result that Uncle Sam has been forced to become the owner of the aforesaid ten million bales of cotton. Under the reign of the old Federal Farm Board, from 1930 to 1932, the government became owner of 3,400,000 bales of cotton. Under the AAA system the government's cotton holdings have increased, as stated, to more than ten million bales. Te*i million bales is approximately a year's supply of cotton for domestic consumption. The value of government owned cotton is more than half a billion dollars. The United States News makes the state ment that AAA officials and other govern ment controllers are baffled in the search for a way out of the cotton impasse. But as the cotton growers on December 10 voted for a continuance of the subsidy, American tax payers will continue for an other year to pay the cotton farmers not to produce and will go right on buying their cotton and piling it up to further de press the market. The old Farm Board sought to peg the price of cotton, first at 16 cents and then at 12Vs cents, and by its maneuvers ac quired for the government ownership of 3,400,000 bales. The AAA sought to peg the price of cotton at 10 cents, then at 12 cents, and now at 8 cents. Cotton prices continue weak and wobbly, with an always present threat to drop lower, and the gov ernment makes loans and buys cotton. Prior to the last eight or ten years, cot ton was the chief commodity exported by this country to other nations of the world. The South sold hundreds of millions of dollars worth of cotton to the world—ex ports in those years amounting to fifty per cent, or more of the entire crop. Under the plan of government control the export mar ket for American cotton has rapidly de clined. World consumption of cotton has great ly increased during this period, but world consumption of American cotton has de clined. The cotton growing nations of the world have increased their production and sales, to the destruction of the South's world market. The former plantings of 40 million acres in cotton has been reduced to 27 million acres, but the position of the growers is not improved. The surplus goes right along piling up, prices go down, and4 American tax payers put up the cash to finance an utterly absurd plan to solve the problem. Of course, as long as the tax payers can find the money, and will permit the politi cians to scatter it that way, the govern ment can go on paying the cotton growers to refrain from producing and also the government can continue to buy cotton for Uncle Sam. As to finding a sensible, practical, work able way out of the mess into which the controllers have plunged the cotton grow ers, that is as far from realization today as it was ten years ago and the producers are in the worst predicament cotton growers have ever known. No one knows how many millions of money of the tax payers have been hijacked to finance these experiments. It is known only that they have failed and that the nation has been caught for the cash to pay the costs. .— In Europe, it's a wise child that knows his own fatherland. It is untrue that Ringling Brothers are j considering trading Gargantua for Goe ring. Pay your taxes with a smile as urged by an editorial writer prompts the immediate question, where will they take smiles for taxes? An economic royalist wants to borrow the leaning tower of Pisa from Mussolini, j He'll use it for local headquarters of the WPA. ! NEWSPAPERS' OPINIONS WHAT IJ TAKES TO MAKE THE REPORTS GO This being the reporting Reason, the last few j weeks before the general assembly convenes, docu ment after document is being presented to Gover nor Hoey who will in turn transmit them to the legislature along with any recommendations which ( he may see fit to make »n his executive capacity. The report of the public school improvement i commission, for example, hardly reached the gover- : nor's desk before it was followed by the biennial report of the state board of charities and public welfare. Both these reports, and we cite them ; merely by way of example, are progressive, for- i ward-looking, humane and commendable contribu tions to statecraft. They project plans and pro grams which, to the Daily News, seem highly desir able and earnestly to be striven for. Yet, in each instance, there is the bothersome j matter of costs. Just what expenditure would be ! entailed in effectuation of jhe school improvement commission's report has not been determined, al though estimates appearing in the public prints from different sources placed the added cost at1 from one to five million dollars. In the report of' the state board of charities and public welfare there , ue specific recommendations which would necessi tate an increase of approximately $500,000 in ap propriations. Thus the proposals, the recommenda- j tions and the demands become cumulative all along the governmental front. However much these auditions may be desired, | their sponsors cannot gloss over the challenging i question of where the money is coming from. Ob- j iously it can come from only one source, in the J final analysis, consumption. Thus there is emphasis upon a proper perspective, a panoramic view of the entire governmental structure in the relative worth, value and efficiency of its component parts, a searching inquiry as to how much revenue the traf fiv will bear without institution of the law of dimin ishing returns or a collapse which would jeopardize the entire governmental and economic systems as we now know them. To be sure the state and federal credit structure can stand more, but how much more nobody seems to know—and shall we add care?—although each additional appropriation necessarily sends us cor respondingly nearer to that Unknown.—Greensboro News. WELCOME, DUKE POWER The Star, on behalf of itself and the citizens of j Cleveland county welcomes Duke Power company, which is definitely coming to make an investment in an electric generating plant, the cost of which will probably exceed that of any other single industry j | in the county.. The Duke company asked no concession or in- j ducement. None was offered. We did point out to i this public service corporation that we in Cleveland ! I are a conservative group, that we appreciate what 1 power expansion and especially Duke Power has j done toward the development of this section, that j ) our tax rate is the second lowest of any county in 1 ; North Carolina, that our bonded indebtedness is j I low and that we are wisely and economically man- j aged as a county government. Sojne sections of the country entertain a distaste j and a distrust for "big business" and especially public utilities. Fortunately this prejudice does not; prevail in Cleveland county against the Duke Pow- j 1 er. Its record stands out above that of many other | public utilities in the nation. Duke's investment will be a great source of tax ; revenue to the county, but in all fairness we should ; and will not impose property tax burdens on its plant that we do not impose on ourselves. This attitude on the part of our county no doubt had its weight with the officials in selecting a site within our borders. , Again, we welcome Duke Power.—Shelby Star. THE PUBLIC'S RIGHT TO KNOW Harry Hopkins has asked the New York Times if the public does not have a right to know who in formed Arthur Krock, Washington correspondent, that he (Hopkins) had said that "we will spend and spend, and tax and tax, and elect and elect." ' Hopkins has denied that he said it, but Krock in ; sists that the information was from an unimpeach able source. It is interesting that Hopkins should have the face to try to stand on the public's right to know, | for he has been suppressing records to which the public certainly should have access. The Hopkins ; records relate to the spending of public funds. He has said that these records are none of the public's business; not in those words, perhaps, but with that meaning. Senator Holt, of West Virginia, will con firm this. There is a reason for suppression, and that reason is political. The public's right to know in the case of all abecdarian reports and records is indisputable. Suppression of them is arbitrary, indefensible. Hop kins fears to let the public know the names of many persons on his WPA rolls and the salaries they re ceive from his spending agency for boondoggling, 1 eurythmic dancing, and the et ceteras. , In view of Hopkins's own record with respect to the rights of the public, it comes with very poor grace for him to say what somebody else should tell the public. The truth at bottom is that Arthur Krock has placed Hopkins is a predicament. He cannot laugh this one off.—Charleston News and Courier. Competition in the Santa Claus Field ABSOLUTELY AUTHENTIC j ^ „ 1 LIFE DAY BY DAY iiy WICKES WAMBGI.ftT __ MODERN YOUTH My young friend, Charles, fif teen years old, has already de termined on his life work, lie is going to be a physician—like his father. | Wamboldt But since the I progress of sci-1 e n c e indicates less and less de p e n d e n c e on drugs and fewer and fewer surgi c a 1 operations, and since women will always be having babies and there must always be ex perts to help the newcomers safe ly into the world, Charles has de cided to special ize in obstetrics. The other evening at an enter tainment a woman standing with a group called Charles over. "Charles," she said, teasingly, "I understand that when you grow up you are going to be an obstetrician." (Smiles from the i group.) Charles said gravely he guess ed it would be something like that. "That's fine!" continued the i teaser. "As soon as you are ready to practice I'll employ you." (Laughter from the group.) "Oh," answered Charles casual ly, "it will be fifteen years before I shall be prepared to practice. I By that time you will be too old to have a babv." (Convulsed laughter from the group.) That same Charles when twelve years old had a friend spending the night with him. Before climb ing into bed, Charles—as was his custom—knelt by the side of it. The friend began to plague him. Lifting his head and looking around, Charles said sternly, "Damn you! Can't you see I am saying my prayers?" There was no further interrup tion. THE WRONG ANSWER "Mister," said a collector of alms, accosting a passerby, i ain't had nothin' to eat all day; won't you please gimme a quar ter?" The passerby looked at the supplicant searehingly and asked, "You are a Nazi, aren't you?" "Yes, sir," replied the suppli cant, thinking that the right an swer. "No quarter io the Nazis!" pro claimed the passerby as he passed by. "LESS" VS. "FEWER" In a recent nation-wide broad cast three university professors in a round table discussion used repeatedly the phrase "less hours." The educated layman knows that "less hours" is not good usage; so there is scant ex cuse for the professors. "Less" applies to that which is more or less indefinite in scope—like wa ter, sunshine, mist. "Less" refers to degree, value, amount—less confusion, less expensive, less money. "Fewer" refers to number. "Fewer hours," not "less hours," is what the professors should have said. And several times in that broadcast occurred the words "more or less"; but they were so run together they sounded like "moralless." Thus again we are reminded that too often the American school seems to regard the English language as not worth the time required to learn to use it correctly. NEW BRUNSWICK MAY BETTER SOCIAL LAWS FREDERICTON, N. B., Doc. 20. (UP)—The New Brunswick government is planning to take new measures to improve social legislation in the province. The government's fair wage board has announced after a sur vey of wages and hours in retail establishments throughout the province that it would ask for legislation to allow cities, and municipalities to regulate work ing conditions in their respective • JOHN T. FLYNN tt¥ JUHN T. f NBA Service Staff Correspondent npHE principle of incentive taxa tion now being discussed by a Senate committee is almost as old as the government. Tariff legisla tion is, of course, incentive taxa tion. It is taxation imposed in such a way as to encourage production. But a more direct type of incen tive taxation is in effect in New York State and New York City now. As far back as 1921 the City }f New York, under a state statute, passed a tax exemption law to en courage new building. At that time residence building had come to a standstill. The city was faced with an acute housing shortage. But labor rates and labor rackets, ma terial prices and material rackets and contractor agreements • had | tied the building business in such a knot that building ceased, i i To encourage building the city exempted from taxation for a J period of 10 years the improve ments in the case of any dwelling structure to the extent of $5000 per dwelling unit. The effect on home building was immediate. The day following the passage of that tax exempt law the builders lined up in droves with their plans be fore all the building offices of the city to file their blueprints. The city went off on such a flight of house and apartment building as it had never seen before. The law was far fro n a perfect • law. It- was not passed to stimulate I business but to get the city out of uie most sfvious nousing jam it had ever known. Later that law was amended and improved several times so as to limit the tax benefits to low cost tenements and then only for limited dividend corporc Uons. But the law is -still in existence. The idea, of course, is to extend this plan to other lines of industry. The New York City tax exemption law amounted to a 2% per cent subsidy for 10 years and made a considerable difference, of course, in the cost of the house. One may well doubt if the tax exempt law would have done so much if at the same time Samuel Untermyer had not broken up the labor and contractor rings that strangled the building business. One idea proposed now for all industry is to divide the fed eral taxes into three grades—nor mal, surtax and super-surtax. Tht normal and surtax taxes woulc apply to all. But the super surtaxes would be subject to nu merous deductions for the purpose of encouraging manufacturers anc builders to engage in new enter prises. Like the building business ir New York, it may well be ques tioned whether tax relief would do the trick unless many other ad justments were made. And tier there is always the question whether a tax exemption on one group of enterprises would not be a tax penalty on all othe"./s who have to compete. (Copyright, 1933, NBA Service, Inc.) Wait a Minute By NOAH HOLLOWELL CHRISTMAS EVERGREENS: Holiday decorations have become quite an industry. The forests are yielding plentifully and their products are made into many at tractive designs. I have never been able to wax enthusiastic over a pine bush, a small cedar or other evergreen in the home, as attractive as they can be made. Such admiration is against my country "raising." DISLIKE FOR HOLLY: With its numerous clusters of berries, holly is beautiful but I have held it in contempt from the time I romped barefooted as a boy thru the woods where holly was so plentiful tender, bare feet were unable to escape the fallen, dry, brittle leaves with their numerous puncturing thorns. CEDAR: It *erved only two 1 purposes in my circumscribed 1 youthful experience. They made fence and gate posts and bridge ; bearers that would last a life • time. Cedars with berries provided : food for birds when the ground ! had been covered with snow for several days and they were forced to eat holly berries, cedar ber ries, china berries and gall ber ries, or starve. And I was fond of hiding around nearby to shoot the birds, especially the robins. MISTLETOE: I regarded that something curious glowing mostly on gums in the swamps. During my boyhood our section learned that there was a market for such, and an appreciable income was made by gathering and shipping by the barrel to markets like Washington, Philadelphia and New York. MORE EVERGREENS: Other evergreens consisted of pine, gall berry, myrtle and yeopon tea. We didn't have the spruce and bal sam. DON'T GET EXCITED: I don't get wrought up over the alarm often raised about cutting young J trees for Christmas decorations, so long as a person stays on his own land. People should not tres i pass on the premises of others in order to cut a tree for their . own use or for commercial pur 1 poses. THEATER ANNEX FOR SYDNEY CRY BABIES SYDNEY, Australia. (UP) — Australia's latest contribution to the advancement of civilization is a sound-proof "crying baby theater." It is built in connection with the regular theater so that if a baby starts crying the mother can enter immediately the smaller one. From there she can watch the play with glasses and hear the dia logue through a sound equipment arrangement, while baby continu es to cry without disturbing the outside audience. areas. The wages and working condi tions of workers throughout the province now are regulated by the board itself. By digging hundreds of tiny holes in trees, the sapsucker causes injuries which, in the ma ple, produces the peculiarly grain ed wood known as "bird's-eye ma 1 nle." OPIUM REVENUE " DECLINE REPORTED SINGAPORE, Dec. 20. (UP)— Revenue from the state opium monopoly, largest single item of revenue of the Straits Settlement government, continues to decline, the annual budget estimate of H. Weisberg, financial secretary of this British colony, revealed to day. In submitting budget estimates for the 1939 liscal year, VVeisbeig estimated the government's reve , nue from opium sales would drop ; from the present year's estimated | 8,200,000 Straits dollars to 7, ! 000 dollars. |° MILLS RIVER 1 0 o MILLS RIVER, Dec. 20. — A meeting of the Grange was held .it the school building one night recently when the officers for ihe coming year were elected. An enjoyable feature oi' the program was the showing of several pic tures of thorough-bred cattle, tur keys and related items by County Agent (l D. White. Alec J'arnett, who has been i very sick at his home here is some | better. The Woman's Missionary So j ciety of the Methodist church will j hold their December meeting at I the home of Mrs. B. D. Wright on | the afternoon of December 21. H. C. Jones, who recently un derwent a tonsil operation in Pat ton Memorial hospital, is slowly improving. Dr. S. E. Greenwood and Dr. Sumner have gone on a hunting and fishing i»:; , . 011 the cuu Born, to .Mr aiM, j. * Bradley on D< er. J *'ad^ Marion Whira the F. B. ) . ing in this .■ ily have mov« : ,nVj. Some and 11th l. . play entitled • • !' to be given night before U - the Christ lie Lou Jordan play. ' Mrs. Ft.rmail B:i;n , . ing her motl m . . ' "'' Henderson\ guest of h . , | Greenwood nipht. " "RAN"' AT h NOW LJ-l % CEKTEK r' READINC. U P.-.; . lerin' Johnny . * lv celebrated ' .nh ■*'] anniversary, • longevity to t> • like hell at ti:<- <1 Bull Run." "That,'' hf .-a;: v/uyj. here today." Well acquired • . "Hollerin' Johi.;./' m tribal his leather 1* j with the 192 J sylvania v< .in • 1 ments duiin.- '• < \V..: "1 William the • ' : h;t,i ,.,j nated th'1 e'i.-i«>in < f * to signal all hou •<. i • : > tinguish their Ik; •• • 1... THIS CURIOUS WORLD rerguson SIN/CS. T-H-F. (4Ttl CENTURY, I MONKS HAVE LiVEC b IN MONA6TERj ES fcf ATOP THIS BARREN, B isol-ateo RCCK I IN NIORTTHERJN | THES5ALV. I ACCESS ;s MADE f BV A ROPE AND ; NET, WORKED BV H | A W/NDL/C5, | A SI«D'S NEST CNI A COUNTED H&AO. ARBOR. LOOSE. t Nkzf?*ZASKA CITY, NEBR. .!*"*» 'V I t|/HAT O/O TrE ) (GOVERNOR OF NORTH [ 1 CAROLINA SAY "TO ) THE GOVERNOR. Of J , SOUTH CAROLINA/) ANSWER: "It's a long time between drinks." This repiy w i given in pre-Civil War days by a North Carolina governor to< South Carolina governor when the latter, in demanding the > ' turn of a runaway slave, asked: "What do you say. governor?" ENGLISH NURSE HORIZONTAL 1 Florence pioneer in nursing. 10 Sea eagle. 11 Expert flyer. 12 Stomach. 13 Set w'.th pearK 15 Mystery. 16 Starting plac in golf. 17 Hazard. 18 Pronoun. 19 Wise man. 11 She was an English <pl.>. 17 Lacquer ingredient. !8 Dark red vegetable. !9 Enormous. JO Alas. 51 Perished. 12 Crawling animal. 13 Musical note. I 14 Breakwater. 15 To frustrate. 56 Gleeful. (Answer to Previous Puzzle) 37 Bugle signal. 38 Knife. 39 Moist. 40 Policemen. 41 Opposed to Warm. 42 Branch. 44 Beer. 45 Will not. 46 Beast. 48 She is still considered the ideal for . 49 She insisted on hospital conditions. VERTICAL 1 Fiber knots. 2 Wrath. . 3 Pertaining to the jaw. 4 Story. 5 Frosty. 6 Northeast. 7 Entertainer. 8 Thin. 9 Female sheep. 14 Roll of film. 15 Correct. 17 Valued. 18 Chaise. 19 To gibe. 20 Small particle of fire. 21 Drama. 22 Genus of p:ne trots 23 Rounded convex nrljing 24 Distinciivt theory. 25 Street. SO To kill 3! Kinds of candles. 32 Room sh» 33 Obese. 34 Document 3") Shoes 30 Un develop bud. 37 J', i"). 38 nu festival* 39 W n , document 40 Vood container 41 Kind of U-ttuce. 42 Cu 43 T<> soar 4r» You and I 16 Form of 47 Measure of area.