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r0M*r tonifKt. Cloudy and , with possible rain» to« ■OfT0* She Suites - 2mtr£ Largest Daily Circulation of Any Newspaper in North Carolina in Proportion to Population GOOD AFTERNOON Weather lUm from aot»to-»unny Spain: Rain, no war.' 0L i 57—No. 305 HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1938 SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS iOTEST MADE f) SPEECH BY ICTY. ICKES Win Told Protest Is "111 ■Graced" and Without I "Propriety" ■run maintains I SPEECH 'INSULTING' j I c Berlin. Dec. 22.—<up)—it ■ unced here Wlli official ■ ... hat Germany has "most ■ tested to the United ■ - utate department against I c ... s*f and insulting" remarks l< . of the Interior Har-1 Is !(k •> in his speech at Cleve ■ dins the conditions in ■many. ft. any's charge d' affaires at ■sr..:-. presented the protest ■r.tr -it.-: secretary of state. ■1 Berlin and other cities news ■ a ie.-cribed Ickes as seeking ■ up sentiment for war ■ir.s; Germany. j ■. in his Cleveland speech ■ attacked Americans who ac ■t Nasi medals, referring spe . to Col. Charles A. Lind K~. and Henry Ford. ■vs speech before the Zionists Mfrveland created the greatest ■ neat in Germany. It was ■insultinj to the leadership of ■many that Washington cannot ■left in doubt about the detri ■ttai effects these impertinences K cabinet member will have in rlin." r.he t/or trolled Nazi : :ess con id ed that it was "childish" to f tha' Ickes could make such h-.'-.vs without official sanction. AZJS SCORED FOR ITACKS ON F.D.R. fASHI.VC TOX. Dec. JJ. (L'P) '• < Secretary of State Sum Welles today disclosed that I' ti : States emphatically • ■tt'd German protests against f address by Secretary of the ff' ": Ickes. and at same time attacks in the German P: esident Roosevelt and uv...v-t. • :; ,u >t was lodged with ;••• 5 >>^erday by German I 'A it aires Hans Thorn s' s: t.-.e German embassy here. •v juested the United ..ike public a statement er Ickes' Cleveland i ^ ' : -e I nited States said st was ill graced and 1 ' : epn'ety." ARMY FLIERS OILED TODAY 'reck age Found Off Hawaii Believed OJd Scrapped Bomber U.K. Ya.. Dec. 22. (UP) j 4 .'.:ers were killed when n i ashed and burned on P>:nt road, a few miles '»■ ' k, today. were Lieut. Dale E. ;■/ Beaverfalls, Pa., and Pri ,-'p S. L)wner of Paren *h men were stationed "Un^y Kield. fiO.VOLL'LU, T. H., Dec. 22.— ■X- Army officials yes !ri<--ed they were con iia,B, "iat rhe wreckage of a s i :n the ocean off Kaena , . .. t-at of an old type Key L". scrapped and sunk ; -<t at sea la^t spring. L... ' t- announcement, the v "i it was dropping b!." '. -ation of the wreck tr:-' v»Ted by a Filipino fish i- \ ,a JO yards off shore Saturday. fohn W. Farmer's Brother Is Dead V ; mer today received ' S»i ' " of his brother, , - or, 62, at his home ' K.V.. following an ill >a•; time. The deceased if- t ' and one daughter. •i leaving to attend , -vices which will be •»:.Kfort on Saturday. Oversees Probe of Drug Firm Assistant U. S. Attorney Gen eral Krien McMahon was ap pointed co-ordmator of the nu merous Federal departmental investigations into the Coster McKesson & Robbins swindling case. PENNEY'S WILL j GIVE BONUS 30,000 Employes to Share in Gift; to Close Early Christmas Eve As has been the custom of two previous years, the J. C. Penney company will pay a bonus to its 30.000 employes in stores and warehouses throughout the coun-i try, it was learned here today. i Xo managers, officials or other employes who receive compensa tion other than salary will partic ipate. As in the past, the bonus will be paid on a basis of one day for each month worked during 1938, the maximum amount be ing two weeks' pay. Regular ex tra salespeople will also share in a proportionate way. W. F. Algary, manager of the local Penney store, said all man- j agers and officials are in hearty accord with the decision of the j board of directors to pay this bon us. It is not a permanent plan "but is rather extra compensation for efficient and faithful service rendered during 1938," Mr. Al gary said. In order to permit local store employes to be at home with their families on Christmas eve, j the Penney store will close at 8 o'clock Saturday night. Police, Firemen j Are Given Bonus Hendersonville policemen and firemen received their Christmas presents "from the city in the form of cash, it was announced today. All members of the two depart ments received a bonus of 10 per cent of their monthly salary as a Christmas present from the city. HANCOCK ON BOARD WASHINGTON. Dec. 22. (UP). President Roosevelt today ap pointed Franklin W. Hancock, Jr., of North Carolina to the Federal Home Loan Bank board. HUNDREDS DIE IN EUROPEAN SUBZERO WAVE Temperatures Reach Rec ord Low of Century on the Continent JEWISH REFUGEES' PLIGHT SAID SERIOUS LONDON, Dcc. 22. (UP)—The cold wave, enveloping: Europe con tinued yesterday to cause intense suffering and widespread crop damage, while deaths mounted in to the hundreds. Violent gales swept the Black Sea, the Baltic and North Sea as temperatures in the third day of sub-zero weather reached record lows for the century or longer in parts ot England, France and Germany. Swirling blizzards in the wake of the freeze added to the suffer ing of millions, with the plight of Jewish refugees huddling along the German-Polish and Czechoslo vakian borders causing increased concern. In Great Britain 25 deaths were attributed to the cold. Rumania reported 11 known dead; Czecho slovakia, 3; Hungary, 2; while 70 persons were reported frozen to death in the Lodz area of Poland. Ten German-Jewish refugees died from influenza on the German Polish frontier: The death toll in France reach ed 23. Winter crops were damaged in parts of Germany, England and France while extensive property losses from fire were reported from Bucharest to London as hose lines froze, impeding the work of firemen. Tugs and barges were ice-bound on Germany's inland waterway systems, and the Elbe was choked by ice from Hamburg to the North Sea. Traffic on the Danube and Rhine was impeded while shipping was tied up at Memel and other Baltic ports. North Sea coastal traffic was paralyzed and airplanes took over passenger and mail service to the ice-bound Frisian Islands, near which two Dutch ships were frozen in. Temperatures of 27 degrees be low zero were reported in Poland and 40 below in Russia. London shivered in the coldest December morning in 47 years when the fercury went to 23 degrees above zero. Temperatures in France ranged down to zero and the cold est weather in 61 years was fore cast. Berlin experienced the cold est December day in 80 years. Legion Auxiliary To Allot Toys For Christmas Friday Mrs. Frank Yarborough, presi dent of the American Legion auxiliary, announced today that the organization was prepared to supply toys to organizations for Christmas distribution. This distribution will be made between 10 o'clock tomorrow morning and noon at the Legion clubhouse. Mrs. Yarborough stated that the auxiliary had some really fine toys for distribution to organiza tions. Japs May Seek To Cut Off Chinese Munitions By South China Drive SHANGHAI, Dec. 22. (UP) — The possibility of a new Japanese drive in South China, designed to clit Chinese munitions import lines from France's South Asian posses sions, va« seen yesterday follow ing the announcmeent by a Japa nese spokesman that Japanese na val planes have bombed the South China port of Pakhoi. Pakhoi is on the Gulf of Tong king- and just east of the border of French Indo-China. It is con nected with Haiphong, big French Indo-China port where munition* ships have been unloading, by e steamship line. Japan for more than a year has been protesting; against munition: shipments from French Indo-Chins into the southwest Chinese prov inces, where Nationalist Generalis simo Chiang Kai-shek now is di recting1 anti-Japanese operations ' and has accused France of "bac faith" in failing to prevent the traffic. From Pakhoi the Japanese could invade Kwangsi province, a chief center of Chinese resistance, from the south and divert large Chinese armies now holding up their west ward drive from Canton at Wu chow, on the Kwangtung-Kwangsi border. Military attaches said the Japa nese might be expected to inten sify their activities in an effort to end the war before Anglo-Ameri can aid to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek can become effective. They believed that new muni tions shipments to Chiang Kai shek, to be naid for by the $25, 000,000 credit giveji him by the United States and a lesser credit given by Britain, hardly could f reach China in effective amounts ,' in less than three or four months. Duel Personality Annabella, French film charmer, seems aDie to reiax pieasanuy at Miami, Fla., after the nervous strain of having a duel fought over her during her recent visit to Rio de Janeiro. 2 ARE INDICTED FOR ESPIONAGE Russian and American Are Held in Hijacking of U. S. Records LOS ANGELES, Dec. 22. (UP) An alleged Russian spy plot in volving theft of highly confiden tial records of the United States naval intelligence service resulted yesterday in an espionage indict ment against a Russian and an American. The indictment returned by a federal grand jury named Mik hail Gorin, 34, Pacific coast man ager of Intourist, Inc., Soviet travel bureau, and Hafis Salich, 33, Russian-American, an em ploye of the intelligence service. Salich was accused of filching records from private .navy files and turning them over to Gorin. Authorities said he allegedly re ceived at least $1,700 from Gorin, a Russian subject, over a 15 month period. The grand jury considered the case only briefly befox*e voting the indictment, which charges each of the men with three counts under the espionage act. The charges carry a possible maximum sentence of 60 years in prison— j 20 years on each count. I One of the witnesses who ap peared before the jury was Henry Clayborn, agent attached to the I San Pedro office where Salich was •' employed. | The arrest of the two men last week stirred diplomatic circles and resulted in the Soviet embas sy sending a consular official to ! Los Angeles to interview them. The suspects have been held in county jail, in default of $25,000 I bail each. They are to be arraign j ed next Monday. Mikhail Ivanovich Ivanushkin, Soviet vice consul at New York, who flew here last week, con ferred several times with Gorin, but insisted he was not interest ed in Salich, who although Rus sian-born is now an American I citizen. Ivanushkin has been at I tempting to raise bail for Gorin. U. S. District Attorney Benja min Harrison who presented the evidence to the grand jury, said Gorin, who lives in a sumptuous 1 ly-furnished home in an exclusive residential district, first met Sal ich on September 15, 1937. The meeting, which took place in Salich's more modest home, fol lowed a visit the latter made to the Russian consular x-epresenta , tive in San Francisco, Harrison I (Continued on page three) MADRID FACES ITS SADDEST WARTIME YULE No Lights or Fires, Food Nearly Gone, City Vows to Hold Out By EDMUND ALLEN United Pre«« Staff Correspondent MADRID, Dec. 22. (UP)—A million men, women and children, shivering with cold in devastated Madrid, Without fires and light and almost foodless, under the cannon mounted in the Casa de Campo Park ju9t across the river Manzanares, await their third and biterest Christmas since the Span ish war began. But they are grim ly resolved that enemy troops "shall not pass." The wind that blows down from the Guadarrama mountains, where Generalissimo Francisco Franco's army is entrenched amid the snow, according to an old Madrid saying is "not strong enough to snuff a candle, but deadly enough to kill a man." It cuts like a knife through the scanty clothing of the beleaguer ed Madrilenos, as families huddle (Continued on page three) Community's Yule Tree Service Set 8 P. M. Saturday Music and Worship To Be Program; Gifts Are Not Planned Then A sacred service of Christmas ! music and worship will be held at the Community Christmas tree, on the vacant lot at the corner of Church street and Fifth avenue 1 west on Saturday night at 8 o'clock. The service is being held through the cooperation of the city of Hendersonville, Chamber i of Commerce, and the City Minis terial association, and the pro gram will be in charge of the Min isterial association. Streets in the vicinity will be roped off to care for those at ; tending. The program will consist of music and brief talks, but con trary to a previous announcement, no Christmas gifts or baskets will ; be distributed at this time. WHITE SLAVE RING BLAMED IN PA. MURDER Find Girl Slain, Drowned; Sentence Woman in Manslaughter 4 CHILDRENBURN IN GEORGIA HOME KEELERSBUKG, Pa.. Dec. 22. I (UP).—Pennsylvania authorities | today suspected that 19-year-old Margaret Martin, whose nude body was found trussed in a gun nysack in a creek near here had been kidnaped and murdered by a white slave ring. Their suspicion was based on the similarity in technique used by the girl's kidnaper and known activities of a white slave ring which operated in Wilkesbarre re cently. The man who lured Miss Martin from her home in Kingston Satur day was offering her a job as a stenographer. Nothing more was heard of her until a trapper found a gunny sack submerged beneath a bridge near here with the girl's body in it. "OFFICE WIFE" IS GIVEN LONG TERM ST. JOSEPH, Mich., Dec. 22.— (UP).—Mrs. Fern Patricia Dull,: blonde "office wife" who killed her employer anil lover, William! Holbrook, today was sentenced from 14 to 15 years in Detroit house of correction. She was given the maximum term for man slaughter. PARENTS AWAY AS CHILDREN BURNED HOSCHTON, Ga., Dec. 22. — I (UP)—Four small children were burned to death last night when flames levelled their family home while their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harold Miller, were absent. The children, all girls, ranged from 18 months to four years in age. The blaze was believed to hare started by a grate fire in the ba bies' room. BLOCK LETTER i CLUB J DINE Annual Football Banquet for H.H.S. Set Fri day Evening The annual football banquet of the block letter club of the Hen dersonville high school will be held at the Ames hotel on Friday night, December 23, at 7:30 o'clock. F. M. Waters, city school super intendent, will serve as toastmas-i ter. This banquet is given each year; after the football season for the! members of the club. Mr. Waters, Principal L. K. Singley and a num ber of other guests will attend. Members of the club will attend with ladies. NOT SAME HOMER CORN The Homer Corn, recently re ported as in court on a prohibition charge, is not the painter who re , sides in the city of Hendersonville. Honor Student Is Murdered Police of nine states searched for Margaret Martin,. 20, of Kingston, Pa., business college graduate, after she disappeared Saturday. Her body was found yesterday, press dispatches said, in a Wyoming county creek and officers said she was "definitely murdered." MASS KILLING AT SAVANNAH IS UNSOLVED Officers Puzzle Over Wan ton Murders; No Motive Is Established SAVANNAH, Ga., Dec. 22.— A wanton murderer yesterday took a five-foot section of iron pipe and bludgeoned to death four members of a family on re lief, and blasted the head off a filling station nightwatchman with a shotgun. - -■ f _ J UOUniy omcers were uamcu by the mass slaying. Identity of the killer was not known. No ar rest had been made and there was no suspect to night. There was not even an accepted motive. The murderer—believed by of ficers to be a crazy or temporar ily insane man—went into a. di lapidated shack 100 yards off .a main coastal highway on the out skirts of Savannah. He carried a five-foot section of a rusty iron pipe, three inches in diameter. Sleeping in one iron bed was James S. Tillman, 34, unemploy ed acetylene torch worker, and his wife Mary Eliza, 27. Besides them on another bed were their children, Clara Pearl, 8, and Mary Leola, 6. Ruthlessly swinging the long pipe, the slayer batered to death the four while they slept. The victims did not arouse even enough to throw off the bed cov ers. Their skulls were crushed. Blood spattered the beds, floor and walls. Tom Chester, 40, watchman, was decapitated by a shotgun blast at the small frame filling station-sandwich stand which had been closed recently. The filling station was on the highway di rectly in front of the crude cot tage in which the Tillmans were (Continued on page three) Greater Air Defense, More Drastic Election Laws Among Objectives WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. (UP) . Speaker of the House Bankhead today predicted that measures for I increasing the n a t i o n's air 1 strength will be the main feature of the national defense program in the next congress. Bankhead said he looked for aviation increases rather than | recommendations for building up ; the navy still further. i WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. (UP) I Chairman Morris D. Sheppard (D., I Tex.), of the senate campaign; expenditures investigating com- i mittee, today caustically assailed the federal corrupt practices laws as "indefinite and unsound," and predicted that congress would be asked soon to put teeth into them. At the same time, Senator Carl I A. Hatch (D., N. M.), served, warning that he would continue i 1 his fight in the new congress to I take federal cash and employes out of political campaigns. He said he would introduce two mea sures directed at this objective. One would extend to all govern ment officials and employes the ban against participation in poli tics which the civil service laws impose on those who come under their jurisdiction. The other, he said, would prevent federal job holders from being 'delegates to a political convention. •Both proposals were rejected by the 75th congress. Hatch's amend ment to the relief bill, which would have imposed criminal pen alties on federal workers taking part in election activities, was de feated in the senate, 40 to 37. It lost, 33 to 32, on a motion to reconsider but only after Major ity Leader Alben W. Barkley (D., Ky.) had opposed it vigorously. (Continued on page three) STAND TAKEN IN PLEA FOR F1MR COIN Shutdown of Relief Work February 7 Is Declared Alternative equitablTfreight RATES TO BE SOUGHT WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. (UPL A WPA request for emergency funds to avoid a shutdown Febru-. ary 7 made yesterday will meet with opposition from anti-New Deal Democrats in congress. Senator King, D., Utah, todny demanded abolition of the WPA. King, opponent of most admin istration policies, based his de mand on reports to the senate campaign investigating committee which charged that relief workers were coerced during election cam paigns in several states. In place of the WPA King said he would introduce a bill to place supervision' of distribution of federal relief funds 'with the chairmen of the senate and house appropriations • committees. Aubrey Williams, deputy WPA administrator, yesterday told a Pennsylvania delegation of relief workers that the WPA must begin trimming its relief rolls oil Janu ary 26 and close its work com pletely in less than two weeks afterward. A number of Democratic con gressmen now in the capital city, lead by Senator Norris, Ind., Neb., were confident that con gress would quickly approve an emergency relief appropriation and placed such a measure at the top of their agenda of prospective legislation. Republican Leader Senator Mc Nary, Ore., yesterday had ex pressed the belief that here would be little or no Republican opposition to such a proposal. M'KELLER TO FIGHT FOR ONE RATE TARIFF WASHINGTON, S«e. 22. — Discriminatory freight rates in the south will be under fire at the forthcoming session of con gress, it was indicated yesterday by the announcement of Senator Kenneth McKellar of Tennessee, that he had drafted a bill to establish a uniform freight struc ture throughout the country. In outlining his program to ob tain equitable rates for the South, McKellar said his bill called not only for a uniform and equitable freight rate structure, but also for a report by the interstate commerce commission after it had established such a rate. "We now have five freight rate structures in the United States," said Senator McKellar, "and I shall demand fair play for the south. Under the present sys tem, it costs as much to ship from a southern point east as it does almost twice the same distance en tirely in the eastern or official territory. This issue is age-old and nothing has been done about it. The matter has been neglect ed so long that it it now time for congress to take a hand and re quire this uniform and equitable (Continued on page three) 2 Shopping Days Till Christmas <$rr-co*N €rr£*s£#AUgQ§ 9PR*apino### r OOKDfO BACK TO CBKI8T L MAS TWO Y1AB8 AGO U. of Wisconsin prexy Frank fighting ouster move. . . . Face of Literary Dif est still red be cause of THAT POLL. ... Britons stunned bver voluntary abdication of King Edward. . . . F. D. R., Jr.. ill In Boston. . . . "You"Cant Take It With You" laying 'em in the aisles. . . . "(tone With the Wind" outstrip ping in sales the equally bulk) "Anthony Adverse." . . . Sit down strikes were spreading.