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WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 6, 878. TREO. JOS. A( B. riUHMt, ) nvBm, I RABICAb ECONOMY. Tho Treasury Department has pre pared a comparative itatonicnt of the appropriations made for the fiscal year ending In 1878 and the fiscal year ending in 1874. According to this statement, tula model government ol ours will cost tho people eighteen million dollars moro tho curront year than it did last. Of this amount the exocutivo department receives over thrco millions: tho legislative ue partmctit a million and a third ; tho military and navy departments eight millions four millions each; and public works six millions. Eighteen millions Increase in ono vear 1 What in tho world has causod it ? It costs more to run tho goveru ment now than it did during the war, if tho depreciation of currency during that period is taken Into consldera lion. It isn't tho growth ol our country, nor it it the public debt, for this appropriation has nothing to do with that. Wo can comprehend the reason for a part of tho increase. Our selfish money-making President receives $25,000 more than any other .I'rosldout ever received for his sor- vicos, and our congressmen a million ami a third more than that branch ol tho government has ever cost the pcoplo tho result of tho back salary grab and inerenso bill. But why should our military and navy departments bo increuscd eight millions? Looking at thoso figures one might imagine that we wcro pre paring for wur, but such is not tho case. If war is imminent, then tho people aro cortaluly ignorant of tho fact. This is preparing for war in timo of peace with a vim. Six million for publlo works ovor lormor appropriations! Is Grant going to build another palaco stable, or is a dog kennel for his bull pups now tho order of tho day? This looks llko economy, reform and decreasing the public debt with a vengeance, the boast of tho adminis tration party. Tho following comparative figures of tho coat of running tho govern ment for a few years past, which wo clip from that excellent little journal, tho linnner of Liberty, may interest our readers: The Kxpendlturcn for the Kxccutlve De partment we aro told have been Inercaicd three millions of dollar for the current year from July Ut. 1870, to June 30, 1874. 'fill will tiring the sum to about Kcvcntecn tulllioUH '. Now iieu what a high priced lux ury General Orant is: In lstlii, llucbauan ran thin department on 51,820,804, uliout oniMcntli of what Grant expend. The lii;heit amount expended by Lincoln In any one vear In thin department was In IS ft, 94,093,328, or, when we take Into account the depreciation of greenback then, about oiiu-secnth of what Orant requires. Dur ing the war the huuw used by the Executive, Department were m follow : 18(12, fcl.ttts, 410; 1803, 92,nia,Uil; 181)4. 93,433,031; 1805, a above tuted, making In all four year during which the war was rajjln:, $I2,90J, 32, or (allowing for tho depreciation of our currency,) less than one-half of what Grant requires for a almrloycar hi time of pro louad peace. Under Lincoln in 186A, (bis hhrhctt year) less than one-half of ono per vent, of the expenditures ot the government Mtfficcd for rimiiliiK hi department ; Orant required thin year about, ten per cent, of ull the money appropriated, and If the future can be judjpd by the pant, will have a heavy defi ciency to be made good, benldes. Grant enamored republican, these tljrnreii are not of our manufacture they are official. In Ilia lighter tho lusson ttoy te-icli can you urgent any good reanou why the nation .should pay Oraut W,o00a year salary wlicn Lincoln received but 925,000? A for emigre, the cot of iiuiliiu the twolioUMiti, lumfoi Mivcral years been con tautly and miormounly Ineraultijr. In 1800, it took only 2,01,520 to run the Senate mid House of UeprcHCUtatlves. In 1804 and 1803, while Die wur waa raging and when cur re'ic.y was fearfully depreciated it coat only $3,r,Nj,m. In lh0 Grant'" example hud idi an effect on Uongres that it awelled It ilXIICUllllUre to 40.218.0-'! ! and nnw wn nl-e luld that a million and a third increase must lie nau ror tne current year ! Notwithstanding the repeated pub lications of u certain class of journals that 1'omeray' Democrat lias bus. ponded, this entiiiiablo paper contin ue to grace our tablo, and exhibits no signs of decay. It also gives tho liocrtiig information that It doesn't intend to cut a singlo oxohaugu oil' its list, unless directed to do so. Wo return our thuuks to neighbor ing exchanges for their expressions oi sorrow mid rcgrot at the iilllictlon tiict has lately befallen our town. WMATS-ITS1VA!IMB. Binco the foundation of our gov ornmcnt, political parties that have mot with succossivo defeats, or sotno of the inombers of such parties, liavo indulged in the pastime of forming new parties, ororgaulzing, with many of the most prominent dogmas of tho old parties, under now names. We have had Federal, Republican, Dem ocratic, Whig, Abolitionists, Kman cipatlonlsts, Frccsoilers, Know N'oth lug (or American) Radical, Liberal Republican and other parties. Now there is a tnovo on foot in Ohio for another new party, avowedly in op' position to thopresoutadmiulstrntioiii or tho Iladical party. A uumbor of politicians assembled in Columbus Ohio, on tho 30th ult., to form the Aunt Jemima's plaster that is to draw tho disaffected elements from both of tho recognized political par ties of tho day tho Democratic and Administration. Its object is about tho samo as that contemplated by the fusion of tho elements opposed to Grant and Ills office-seekers last year, and which mot with such a Waterloo defeat. Tho platform adopted by this new party What's-lts-Namo is In sub stanco as follows : First it declares against party infallibility, and holds that Its adherents should voto for tho best men presented, rcgurdless of parly affiliation. It then declares that tho Iteptiblicau and Democratic pur- ties havo both outlivod their useful- ucss, aud that tho interests of the pcoplo demand a now party. Thnt the Republican party, having control ol both branches of Congress aud of tho executlvo department, is directly responsible for tho salary grab, Mo biller frauds, etc., and that tho Dem ocrats who aided or acquiesced in theso measures, deservo equal public condemnation. It then goes on to condemn tho reloaso of railroads from their obligations, tho granting of lands to corporations, and tho cor ruption exhibited by tho investiga ting committees in congress ; con demns tho granting of special privi leges and exemptions to national banks ; demands that the government shall attend to its own business and leavo tho pcoplo to attend to theirs ; ucmands a reduction of offices and expenses; condemns tho practice of electing national bank stockholders and directors to Congress : insists on an observance by tho government of tho limitations of its power; declares that thoaopolutmcut of subordinate officers should depend upon their qualifications; declares that dutlos ou imports should bo imposed for revenues only, aud demands a repeal of all laws that favor capital to the prejudice of labor. Thcro is uothiug in tho principles of this platform to find fault with. but while tho convention declares that tho Democratic party hus out lived its usefulness, it engrafts sotno of its most important principles in tho platform it adopts. We havo al ways demanded a reduction of offices and expenses, uud that the govern ment attend to its own busluess and let the states alone to attend to theirs under the constitution ; opposed the granting of lands and special priv ileges to corporations; insisted on an obscrranco by tho government of the limitations of its power; udvocatod that all appointments to office should depend upon qualifica tions, aud that Import duties should be imposed for revenuo only. But it Is one thing to make a platform, and another to make a partv, Parties must grow, aud with them, like it is with a child, time lias a part to play, iu which principles aud declarations must bo strictly udhered to; but ono great weakness of our people is im patience anil a tendency to go bnck on any movement that doesn't meot with success iu the first contest, aud then they start out with tho samo principles, aud the samo object in view, undor another banner (or name). The consequence is, nothing practical is ever attained, and boloro ono name becomes familiar to the people, another is adopted. A roso would smell as sweet by any ather namo, and we do not cure what may be the name of the political party with which wejact, so its views suit our own ; but we know there aro people who dlfl'er widely with us in this, aud that there are many Dem ocrats who fuel the Justness of tho censure in the platform adopted by tho Columbus convention, aud adinlro tho principles laid down by it, and yet would icol that they were com mitting a breach of principle to voto a ttolr at with anv namn a I. Ill haail than "Democratic ;" white Republi cans would regard tho success of a ticket on tho platform given nbovo a a Democratic victory, and fool that thoy woro committing an act of dis loyalty to vote with it; for whllo Republicans havo been insisting for tho last flvo years that the Demo cratic party Is dead beyond resurrec tion, .they Imagine they soo a very substantial ghost of it in every new political movement. Ucuco it will be a difficult matter to compound a political plaster sufficiently strong to attract "disaffected Republicans" to it, that will not keep Democrats away, and vice versa ; and from this, wo Imaglno that tho now party (it hascn't oven a name) will not meet with any moro success than did tho mingling of tho elements last fall. Rut we would llko to soo something supplant tho corruption ot the pres ent administration, aud if this party can accomplish that end, wo bid it "God speed." JUDGE BILLON'S) BECIalON AtVB YH2 CITY PRESS. Truo.ittdopcndcnco of tho press is something wo often look for in vain. Journals that hold thomsolvcs high in tho scalo.of political purity, and denounce as tyranny every attempt from whatever source to interfere with the prerogatives of tho press, do not always object to surrender their own independence when sufficient In duccinonts in tho shape of a subsidy aro oflorod. Nearly all tho St. Louis papers aro lauding Judge Dillon for granting an injunction against tho sale ot tho Pacific railroad by Goyer nor Woodson. Tho action of tho Governor in advertising the road for salo was to test the constitutionality of the act of tho legislature of 1868, which surrendered tho lieu held by tho stnto against said road, which amounted to cloven millions of dol lars, upon tho payment by the com pany of llvo million dollars. In this transaction tho stato lost $6,000,000 through tho action of corrupt leg islators. According to tho confes sion of the committco appointed by tho railroad company to lobby tho measure through tho legislature, tho cost of this piece of legislation was $193,648.60, of which amount $57,- 313.60 had boon paid. Putting thoso facts together it is not difficult to ac count for the position of tho St. Louis press (tho Times alouo excepted, wo believe), in this contest between tho state and thti railroad. To make matters still plainer, it is only neces sary to quoto from the report of tho committco: Thcv (the number nf the rnmniltteM thought that the tint iuinortint ten tii lm taken was to nccurc a favorable consldera Hon of our acheine by the ttt. Louis pros, nu at once detcrmlded to accomplish this (a It Kccincd to us) great end. Alter verv many conferences, much delay and anxiety, till wai effected. This "fnvorablo consideration" having been secured iu 1868, it is to bo expected that theso papers would havo at this day no reason to change tholr course. It is certain that no effort has been or will bo made to so euro their favorable consideration for tho other side of tho question. This federal judgo, in granting an injunction to restrain tho Govornor from testing the constitutionality of tho release ot the stato's lien, in tho manner directed by tho legislature iu its last session, has taken upon him self tho same authority that Judgo Durell of Louisiana did when ho placed the usurper Kellogg iu tho gubernatorial chair of that state. Pa- pors that aro denouncing Durell aro praising and upholding Dillon. Wc can account for this upon no other hypothesis tliuu that through the ef forts of tho railroad company thoy saw tholr way clear to support in ono instance what they condemned in tho other. According to theso organs Judge Dillon's decision is a just interposi tion in behalf of vested rights. Tho vostcd rights of corporations and of monopolies are certain of defcuders and apologists whether or not they mean extortion upon tho agricultural communities, or aro obtained by bri bery and fraud. For our part, we are willing to accord to railroad uud other corporations Justice; but wo fail to sco any justico iu turning over to them, without any return what ever, millions of the people's hard earned money. UNIVERSITY or THE STATE OF MISSOURI. COLUMBIA, llOONK CotlNTY. Mo., ) July 10, 1ST3. I To the Clerk of the Lincoln County Court : Sift: It Is my duty to inform you Hist, under the provision of an act of the (leu eral Assembly, approved April 1, 1872 (vldo Watrner Statute-, p. 1296, ace. 07-08) your county ill entitled to neudto the depart ment nf the State University ut Columbia and Holla, during the year cndlnir July 4, 1874, evcn atudctiK between the age of sixteen mid tvelil)-lhe )rr. Under the rules .adopted by the Hoard of Curators, Mudcnt "idiall posse a Rood moral character, and shall puss u mthlaetory examination In orthography, reading, writ ing, arithmetic and (.'cojrraphy :'' and mut pay the fees prescribed by mid art, to-vlt , On tniitrtcuhitlnjr, an entrance ree of ten dollars, and a contingent fee of rive dollur : and a like contingent fee at the hcKlnuitiK of the second hulf year, making- the whole annual charge twenty dollars. The scsjloli begins on Monday, September 15, 1873, and continues forty weeks. Careful DrovMon Is made for the educa tion of Young Women in all the clmaca of the University. 1 heir to cull vour nttenlloii to the nn- JiendetT extract from the luw on this mi ce!, p. VMt, nee. W. lou will please, after giving two weeks publication nf this certiticate, transmit to me, on or before September tlrst, u list of the names of all the youth of your county who intend to make application for entrance to the University at the commencement ol the next session. If ouch list is not trammiltted. students from other counties will be allowed to enter in lieu or those to which your county ii en titled. ' Uourd ran hp bad In plllha In potloiro lmlM. Insr nt from fl.fo to if.'.oo per week ; in private families at $1 to 5. i am, cry respectfully. Your obedient servant. KOHKUT L. TODD, Sec'y Hoard of Curators of the University of Missouri. Persons desiring to enter the departments of the Slate University at Columbia or Hol la, are required to inaka known their inten tion to me on or before September 1, 1873. FKAM'IM C. CAKU, Clerk county court, Lincoln county, .Mo. Uy JAM. M. MCl.KI.LAN, D. C Troy, Mo., July 'J8, 187;J. 4 a o JOSEPH HART SELLS BOOTS AND SHOES From tba Smilloit to the Largest Sixes, Than they tan be bought elsewhere. Also all Oilier Goods: Dry Goods, White Lawns, Jcaconets, Linens, Edgings. HE HAS ON HAND 4 FULL STOCK OF CLOTH Glass and Chinaware, GROCERIES, WAIL PAPER. WINDOIV URTAINS,fcc 1IARTOM 8. ORANT, I ALDEIIT HOUSTON Late 1). S. (Jrant A Co. Late with Nannon, Dartholow It C i GRANT & HOUSTON, COMMISSION MERCH'TS, No. S25 N. COMMERCIAL ST., ST. LOUIS, MO. Special attention paid to the sale of Tobacco and Grain. aprSO mflp F. W. HARBAUM; Manufacturer of Wtona, BwggiQt, Plows, Wheelbarrow. All kinds of Wairon. hcavv. llirlit ami print; always on hand. BUGGIES OF EVERY STYLE Made to order ou short notice, AIX WOltK vrAKKAMKlJ ou same terms u uthvr fuetotlcs. Repairing Promptly Done. All material used, whetner In new work In reuairhu;, is of the best uuulitv that can he obtained. ' ;iu2 JEHU SYLVESTER WHOLESALE AXI HETAIL DEAL KH WATCHER, DIAMONDS. FRENCH CLOCK, Silver and Plated Ware, 3 ft o o s 59 5 k! C e c H W w t"1 M m o i ! S 8 I t ! 3 m m H - O H O m Saddles and t3T Taken ui by m. u. (Junior of I Watches and Jewelry Jlepaired. Hurricane towu.hip. a dark hay home 1 ...l.l. ....... I.. .' t I .....I... A,. WMWM niiu iiiir in lurciicuii nun tviiiiii imi uu moi enil ot the iioh'. blind In rijrht eye, knot ou left flank, about in haud IiIkIi, supposed to NO. 210 K0RTH FOURTH STREKT, by W. A. If. KUberry and 1. F. Foley be) ST. XjOTTIS, 30 Muy V, I873p A.t tlio Store ot t. w. wrfflROw, May be found a complete assortment of thi' above L'oods ol hi own manufuv Uln, together with a full xtm k of Saddle and Harness-Maket's Hardware IIAItXKSS, LKAT1IKK. COLLAltS, VRIULES, TRACES, WHIPS. WEDDING, HOUSE A SAD DLANKETS, Also, Trunks, Valises, Traveling-bags. r.t v KTC. All of wliich are rifTcred at the mort rr (inable CASH l'ltlCK. A aprciality ii made of Shoemakers' Findings, solk l.KA'rnmt a- uppskx, C'ALIi" AND Of every kind and all of the biM uitnllta, aud oiu at priee that cannot bu duplkatfil Buggies Trimmed to Order. AM. WOltK WAHIIA.VrD. The Celebrated Always on hand.