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The Tulsa star. (Tulsa, Okla.) 1913-1921, August 19, 1914, SPECIAL EDITION, Image 5

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Diplomats of World Have Long
Foreseen That Struggle Was
Bound to Come.
Dream of Statesmen of Dual Mon
archy Has Been to Acquire Salo
nika and the Land Between
That Port and Fron
tier of Bosnia.
While tho Immediate causo of Austria-Hungary's
attack on Sorvla Is tho
demand for ropnratlon for tho murder
of the ArcMuke Francis Ferdinand
and his wife, tho duchcBS of Hohen
borg, tho ultimata causes nro the
movement of tho Hapsburg cmplro
toward the south and tho desperato
efforts of tho cntlro Serb race to re
gain complete national existence.
Ever since tho repulso of tho Turk
ish army from Vienna In 1683 tho Aus
trlnns havo steadily fought their way
southward, expecting ultimately to
make their way to tho Aegean over
tho ruins of tho Turkish cmplro. Aus
tria, Uko Russia, -was not unwilling to
see small buffer states set up to oc
cupy the mlddlo ground during the ln
torvals of rest In her forward move
ment, nnd so most of tho Balkan
etates of today camo Into, being.
Of tho Servian race, which In tho
thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
ruled a vast cmplro. extending over
tho western half of the Balkan penin
sula and the eastern coast of the Ad
riatic, practically all had como under
Turkish domination In the sixteenth
century. Tho Serbs of tho hinterland
of Istria and Dalmatla wore soon tak--en
from Turkey by Austria, and Mon
tenegro won Its independence. This
left tho Serbs of Bosnia, tho Herzego
vina and Servla proper, as well as of
tho Sanjak of Novl Bazar and North
cm Macedonia, Rtlll under Turkish
The Sorbs of the present kingdom
"became autonomous In 1830, but re-
ZIB.OS3 ion!
TOMj ,
voltcd In 1876-78, aiming at complete
freedom. With them Joined their
kinsmen of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tho Husso-Turklsh war, which fol
lowed, mado great changes In tho Bal
kans. Sorvla proper obtained com
plete Independence, but Bosnia and
Herzegovina wero left nominal Turk
ish dependencies, but really to be oc
cupied by Austrian troops.
Austria's Seizure of Bosnia.
Tho consequence of this was a four
year Insurrection against tho Austrl
ans, tho effects of which have never
disappeared. Tho Austrlans havo
spent large amounts of money on the
country, but never allowed It auton
omy; and In 1008-9, using as an ex
cuse tho constitutional revolution In
Turkey, which would require dele
gates to tho Turkish parliament to
como from these two statGs, which
were actually In Austrian hands, the
Hapsburg monarchy formally annexed
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Germany
backed up her ally, and the protests
of tho Slav powers did not go to the
extent of war. Meanwhile tho Slavs
of Dalmatla aro under Hungarian
rule; and hero, as in Bosnia and Her
zegovina, promises of local self-government
havo never come to anything
more than words. Thus tho northern
half of tho Servian race Is still under
the Austrian cmplro.
Meanwhile tho southern half was
finally united by the victories over
Turkey In tho war of 1912. Not only
did this reconquest by tho Servians
of tho coro of their old cmplro In
western Macedonia give a tremendous
Impulse to the longing for completo
national unity; It showed tho Servian
nation that Us military organization
could bo relied on for hard work.
In tho fall of 1912 the Servians mob
ilized 260,000 men In the first three
wpelts, and later added 145,000 more
to tho number; and whllo their losses
In this war and In tho struggle with
Bulgaria In tho summer of 1913 wore
lieavy, the Servian troops fought bril
liantly and proved themselves efficient
and enduring.
Robbed of Fruits of Victory.
But the fruits of this war were In
patt taken from them by AuBtrla,
(whoso diplomatic activity was respon-
stble for the ruling of tho powers
which compelled the Servians to glvo
up part of their conquests In Albania
Thus Sorvla lost her chanco to get a
scuport and remains a landlocked
power, her only outlet being through
tho friendly Greek -ports on tho Ao
gean sea.
But tho Servian victories In Mace
donia, and the Greek capture of Sa
lonika put an unexpected obstacle In
tho way of Austria's march to the
south. No more could the dual mon
archy hope to Inherit Salonika and
tho land between that port and tho
frontier of Bosnia on tho final down
fall of Turkey; Servla was now
squarely across her path.
So tho Balkan wars left tho Servi
ans confident of their military ability,
elated by victory, determined on com
plete national unity, and angered by
Austria's continued "hold on tho north
ern part of tho nation and by her ac
tion In depriving tho nation of an out
let to tho sea. These wars left Austria
Hungary with Increased dtfllcultles lit
dealing with the Slav tribes, particu
larly the Servians, now In her domin
ions, and convinced that tho march to
the southward must bo given up alto
gether unless Servla could bo put out
of tho way.
To this wero added minor Irrita
tions, such as tho railroad question In
Macedonia. Tho Servians wanted to
add tho railroads in the terltory con
quered from Turkey to tho state sys
tem, but the stockholders, most of
whom were Austrlans or Hungarians,
objected. Moreover, there was con
stant friction In Bosnia, and tho party
In Servla which regretted tho break
up of tho Balkan lcaguo was inclined
to attribute tho discord between Bul
garia nnd her former allies to tho op
erations of Austrian diplomacy.
Thirty years ago Servla was a cats
paw for Austria In Balkan schemes,
with Russia backing Bulgaria, but now
tho Servians can count on Russian
sympathy, for their cause Is Indlroctly
tho causo of tho entlro Slavic raco In
Its double strugglo to bo freo from
German rulo and to fight with tho Ger
mans for the heritage of Constanti
nople. Peter Made King by Tragedy.
King Poter, under whose rule Ser
vla has advanced to a strong position
In southeastern Kuropo, came to tho
throno as tho result of a crime that
shocked tho world.
Eloven years ago King Alexander of
Servla and Queen Draga wero assas
sinated In their palace at Belgrado.
I Half an hour after midnight on June
10, 1903, forty army officers entered
the palace, burst Into tho apartments
of the king and queen and killed them.
Details of the tragedy vary, but the
best authenticated Is that the couple
died In each other's arms. The Bame
night several ministers were slain by
the plotters. The total number of vic
tims of tho conspiracy Is said to havo
been fifty-four.
At the time of the tragedy King Pe
ter was In Geneva, living a secluded
life, and, apparently, taking little In
terest In tho politics of his natlvo
land. Ever since tho terrible night
of the assassinations ho has denied
that ho had any foreknowledgo of
them. Nevertheless, suspicion has con
tinued, Justly or unjustly, to rest upon
him, and It was some years after his
accession to tho throne boforo Great
Britain and other powers recognized
him formally as king of Servla.
King Poter as a young man led an
adventurous life. He studied In Switz
erland and then went to the French
Military academy at St. Cyr. Ho took
part In the Franco-German war as an
ofTlcer of the Foreign legion
For many years ho Is said to have
engaged In conspiracies against King
Milan of Sorvla, but for forty-five
yeors ho nover set foot on Servian soil
until he was elected king by tho Serv
ian parliament.
New Capital Easier to Defend.
Kraguycvatz, to which King Peter
has moved his court from Belgrade, Is
about fifty miles duo south of Semen
drla, on the Danube, and about sixty
five miles south-southeast of Belgrade.
It lies on a branch Bpur of railroad
about fifteen miles from the main line
to Salonika and Constantinople, and
Is well adapted to defenso. It Is the
third town In size In tho old kingdom
of Servla, with about 20,000 people.
Its only superiors are Belgrado and
The town was the first capital of
the principality of Servla, after Its
partial liberation from tho Turks,
serving as the seat of the Obrenovltch
princes from 1815 to 1842. After that
the family of Karageorgovltch occu
pied tho throne from 1842 to 1868, tho
Obrenovltchos again from 1858 to
1903, and the Karageorgevltches since.
Captain Polack Brings the Kronprinzessin Cccilic In Safely to
Car Harbor, Maine, After a Sensational Dash Jhrough
Thick Fog With All Lights Out.
Her Officers Warned in Midocean of the Danger of Capturo
From Cruisers Who Were on the Lookout for the Richest
Prize That Ever Sailed the Ocean.
Bar Harbor, Mo. The people of this
city felt that they had a touch of tho
European war when tho North Gor
man Lloyd Htcamer Kronprinzessin Co
clllo entered tho harbor nftor a sen
sational run to escapo capturo by
French war vessels. Tho story of
her trip to within a comparatively
short dlstanco of the English coast,
tho picking up of wireless signals be
tween French battleships thnt wero
lying In wait to effect her capturo, tho
run through tho fog with nil lights out,
reads moro like Jules Vorno fiction
than hard facts.
Speculation at to Trip.
Sowell Haggard, associate editor of
tho Cosmopolitan Magazine, gives the
following account of tho voyngo:
Tho Kronprinzessin Cccolle, with
1,454 passengers and a cargo of $11,
500,000 In gold and silver, eallod out
of Now ork harbor nt ten o'clock on
the morning of July 28. Hor first port
of call was to bo Plymouth and then
Cherbourg and then Bremen. Tho
war scare was on, and naturally tho
majority of hor first-cabin pnssengors
being English and Gorman, thero was
somo speculation as to what would
happen to tho ship should war bo de
clared while sho was on tho high seaa.
Persons familiar with Spanish-American
war precedents recalled that ships
leaving port after that war was de
clared wero In each Instance released
by prlzo courts.
A Gay Voyage, but
So speculation died down and tho
voyago became the usual uneventful
trip ncross the Atlantic. Thoro was
a dance each night; English, French
and Gorman paosongers fraternized In
tho smoking-room nnd expressed the
hope to ono nnother that a way out
of tho difficulty would yet bo found.
Tho weather wbb good. We mado 535
knots tho first day, 534 the second, 549
tho third, nnd wo had mado 233 on
tho fourth, when
Thoro was a danco In progress on
deck, and there was tho usual assem
bly In the smoking room. At a fow
minutes past ten somo of tho paseen
gers wero startled by signs that tho
ship was being turned nround. They
announced this dlscovory to others,
only to be laughed nt.
At 10:20 Captain Polack entored
tho smoking room. Ho carried his
huge bulk a llttlo moro erect; his
faco appeared to bo a llttlo moro se
rious than usual.
"Gentlemon," ho said, "I want your
attention. I havo an announcement
to make. War has broken out between
England, France, Russia and Germany,
and wo nro going back to America.
Wo havo plenty of coal and I think we
will get back safely. I want tho gen
tlemen to" assist mo In allaying tho
fears of tho women."
News a 8hock.
No ono uttered a sound for what
Bocmed to bo n very long time. I
was seated at a tablo with an English
man, a Bavarian and a Grook. The
Bavarian, a kindly faced gentleman of
perhaps fifty, was tho first to break
tho sllenco. Ho aroso; we all arose;
ho grasped each by tho hand, the
Englishman last, and as ho grasped
tho Englishman's hand ho Bald, very
intensely, "I am sorry, vory sorry."
Afterward It was learned that ho
w s Major General Krlstof Klefober,
retired, of the Gorman army. Tho
Englishman makos his living selling
war materials. After-tho captain loft
tho smoking room an American ap
proached him and asked him If It
wero not possible to buy tho ship, hero
and now, and sail hor under tho Amer
ican flag. Tho captain did not think
this was posalblo.
That tho situation might becomo
serious began slowly to dawn upon
tho passengers. Did ever a greater
prlzo sail tho seas In tlmo of war
than tho Kronprinzessin Ceclllo, with
her $11,500,000 of gold and sllvor con
signed to Franco and England? Were
thoro any British and French war
ships near? Was It U3ual for British
and French warships to sail up and
down tho American coast? If bo,
what wore the chances of slipping by?
And so It went.
No ono could answer, but tho ques
tions wero asked over and over again.
But what of tho bridge? What was
going on there?
The ship was 850 miles out of Ply
mouth when she turned back.
Sho would havo reached that port
Sunday night or Monday morning.
Tho problem confronting Captain Po
lack was to get bis load of gold and
human souls back to America with
out being overhauled by a French or
English warship. There was no an.
swer from England, It ts true, but h
did not know It.
Couldn't Use Wireless.
Ho could not afford to sond
wireless messages bocauso ho would
betray himself, but ho could Intercept.
Every messago coming out of the air
from Sayvlllo admonished him to bo
careful; they told !.li i that French and
English vosbbIs woto already tulktug
about that great pr! , the Kronprlu
zessln Ceclllo, wllh hor gold on board.
Friday night ho considered himself
reasonably aafo. Ho steerod far to
tho north, out of the beaten path but
took no further precautions. Saturday
tho usual Marconi nowspapor was
omlttod and nt tho lunch tablo each
passenger found a printed notlco that
the electric lights would bo turnod out
that night In order to conceal" our
lrontlty from passing vossels, nnd that
wo must, bo content with oil lamps.
Thoro wero no deck lights. To mako
matters worso from the standpoint of
tho passengers, Saturday brought with
It a denBu fog. But tho fog was to the
liking of tho captain. Ho sont tho
boat along at tho best speed she could
mako through thick weather aud with
the foghorn silent. Thero was small
chanco of his being seen through this
black curtain.
Many paBsengors romalned on deck
all night nnd others rottrod fully
clothed. They romombored tho Ti
tanic nnd they wanted to bo propared
for emergencies.
Again Sunday night thero was a fog.
The nerves of tho passengors wero on
edgo. A delegation ascended to tho
brldgo nnd naked tho captain to please
blow tho fog whlstlo and to carry tho
usual sldo and stay lights.
Crew Showed Strain.
Tho crow wero showing the strain.
The dining room stewards were ab
stracted and not as altoutlvo as they
wore during the first days of tho voy
ago. It was difficult to got a cabin
steward, as they had othor things to
think about. It was not uncommon
to sco stewardesses In tears. Thoy
hnvo brothers, sons, fathers, husbandB
nnd swoethoarts who may bo sacrificed
In tho war.
In tho smoking room thoro wero no
more cigars and clgarottcs to bo had,
and yet tho voyage was only ono day
longer than the usual voyngo across
tho Atlantic. Tho men Just seemed
to smoko moro. Aftor tho famlno bo
gan thoso who had tobacco divided
with tho less fortunate.
A protest was written out and an at
tempt mado to get tho signatures of
clthons of tho United States, but this
waa unsuccessful, tho captain stating
that tho passengers were his first con
sideration, that ho would glvo up the
ship rather than sacrifice thom.
Passengers In Dark.
Monday night came, and with It
moio fog. By this tlmo tho passen
gers wero speculating as to which
port wo wero headed for. Tho same
question was being debated on the
bridge. Tho wireless Indicated to tho
captain that It would bo unwlao to
attempt to mako Now York or Boston
Ho had to mako up his mind on Buch
fragmonts of Information ns ho could
grab from tho air. Portland first camo
to his mind, but thon ho favored a less
known port. Ho had heard of Bar Har
bor, of courso, but ho was uot certain
of tho wator thereabouts. Aud here
outers C. Ledyard Blair of Blair Broth
ers, bankers, Now York. Mr. Bla'.r's
father, D. C. Blair, has a eummor homo
at Bar Harbor aud tho boiis had sailed
their yacht In these waters so often
that ho knows his wny around thero
as well as ho docs In Wall street. Fig
uratively speakli , Mr, Ledyard Blair
took tho helm.
Heads for Bar Harbor.
Wo wero headed for Bar Harbor,
but tho Information was confined to
the brldgo. Wo folk below woro not
even told to pack our luggago. Those
who stayed nwako could tell that
something was In tho wind. Wu were
taking soundings every little while.
Evidently wo wero running Into some
place that wo wero not qulto sure of.
Tho fog was thick, and tho fog horn
was crying out every minute. Thon
daylight, and tho fog lifted.
Mrs. Howard Hlnklo of Cincinnati
and her daughter woro awakened by
the unusual doings. Sho got up and
peered out of a porthole. Sho could
soe land.
"I do wish wo would land at Bar
Harbor," sho said to hor daughter.
Mrs. Hlnklo has a cottago at Bar Har
bor. Sho took another look. Tho land
around about seemed familiar. "Why,
1 It Is Bar Harbor," sho exclaimed.
Finds Health in Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable
Creston, Iowa. "I suffered with fo
mn!o troubles from the timo I camo Into
womanhood until I
had taken Lydia E.
rinkham s Vegeta
ble Compound. I
would hnvo pains if
I ovorworkod or
liftod anything
heavy, and I would
bo so weak and ner
vous nnd In so much
misery thnt I would
bo prostrated. A
friend told mo what
your medicino had dono for her nnd I
tried It. It mailo mo strong and healthy
and our homo Is now happy with a baby
boy. I am very glnd that I took Lydia
E. Pinkhnm'a Vegetable Compound and
do all I can to recommend it" Mrs. A.
B. Boscasip, 501 E. Howard Street,
Creston, Iowa.
Tons of Hoots nnd Herbs
nro used annually In tho mnnufocturo
of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegutablo Com
pound, which is known from ocean to
ocean as tho standard remedy for
female ills.
For forty years Uiis famous root and
herb medicine has been pro-rminently
successful in controlling tho diseases of
women. Merit nlono could havo stood
this test of timo.
If you hnvo tho flllglitAst doubt
thnt Lydia K.lMnklium'H Vcgctit
TjloConipound'vvIllhoIpyoii.'wrlto to IiydlaH.lMnklinm McdiclnoCo.
(confidential) Lynn,IIiuH.,fornd
vice. Your letter will bo opened,
rend nnd answered by u woman.
Bud held lu strict coniidcuce.
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
Nine times in ten when the liver Is
right the stomach and bowels aro right.
gently butfirmly com
pel a lazy liver
do its duty.
Lures Con
stipation, In
and Dittreaa After Eating-.
Genuine must bear Signature
Knows What
To Use
. ToCIto
Balsam of Myrrh
For Cuts, Burns.
Bruises. Sorains.
Strains. Stiff Nedr.
Chilblains. Lame Rnc-L-
Old Sores. Orjen Wound..
and all External Injuries.
Mado Since 1846. $$.
Prlco 25c, 50c and $1.00
Ail D8cllBrS U-C.HanfordMfo.ee.
in i uiimiwhi laarn l
Unless u man is willing to admit
his Ignoranco, ho will nover bo la a
position to lcaru.
Don't bo misled. Ask for Itcd Crou
Hall Blue. Makes beautiful white clothe.
At all Bood Krocera. Adv.
The Kind.
"I understand this bharpshootor la
on his mettle."
"Yes, on his gunmotal."
Piles Cured In 6 to 14 Days
Your drueiltt will rotund moner It PAZO
OINTMENT (alls to curs any cast of Itchlnf.
Blind. Bleodlnt or Protruding Pilot In 6 to 14 dart.
Tb first application glvei Bats and Rait. ita.
"Has your friend down In Mexico
been doing any of the lighting?"
"Oh, ho Is still in the running."
Whenever You Need a General TosJc
Take Grove's
The Old Standard Grovo's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties ot QUININE
and IRON. It acts on tho Liver, Drives
out Malaria. Enriches the Blood and
Builds np the Whole System. SO cents.
" 'Vm ?m .-' "T
T?h -a y$i
aaaW- ' t"l
to .iLLHr a n-r erne
i.i.H aaiTTi r
aaaaaaaaValR aHflkb.
aT nP1"- " ' " I
Mr F w I ul
' Jj ril TV,

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