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The Tulsa star. (Tulsa, Okla.) 1913-1921, August 29, 1914, Image 1

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The Leading Race Paper in The State of Oklahoma
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THE Tsl .BrlflRB
- irar.v'"3
Official Organ of The Grand United Order of Odd Kellcnvs, And The Knights And Ladies of Harmony of The World, Oklahoma Jurisdiction
Vol. 2, No. 43.
Subscription $1.00 Por Year
Makes Good
p-pl era-
JR. vl JL
ational Leoe
Dr. Booker T. Washington
Delivers Master
Tlio mooting of tlio Natlonul Negro
IiiislneiiH Men's League nt. Muskogee
last week was without question one
of tlio most interesting ami spectae
ulur hold since tlio organization of
the Leaguo at Uoston 15 yours ago.
Fully 8,000 people of the Colored race
visited MuBkogeo during the three
days' session und nowhere in tlio
world wus there ever a more orderly
crowd, 'fho Convention Hall on South
Second street was used for the meet
ing place and at nearly every session
standing room was hardly available
On Wednesday night when Doctor
Washington delivered his annual ad
dress, tho hall was packed to Its ut
most capacity, until even standing
room wa3 unavailable. The evening
was very warm and sultry, but tho
pcoplo wero so anxious to see and
hear this great man that high tem
perature and humidity wore forgotton;
Men, women und children vied with'
each other for standing space, long
before tho tlmo for tho program of
tho evening to commence.
Tlio welcome address of Mayor
Garrett of Muskogee was delivered
by Superintendent Munroo of the
Muskogee City Schools. Ho told of
tho Negro'a progress In Muskogee an I
tho good relationship oxlsitlng be
tween tho races there and closed his
remarks with an eloquent eulogy to
tho man of tho hour, Dr. Hooker T.
Washington, who a short while befoio
had entered nmiu a deafenlg roar of
incessant applause which continued
-Tor several minutes. Ills speech In
patt follows:
GEE, AUGUST 19, 1914.
Throughout tho world tho ten mil
lion and more of tho blade pcoplo In
tho United States aro being ooser
ved and studied In a larger measure I
than is truo of any similar group of
black people lu existence, or perhaps
that has over existed. People fiom
all parts of the world Intel ested in
the civilization of black pooplo aro
comlngto tho United States to study
tho condition-and pi ogress of tho
American Negro; for nltnr all is said,
If there Is any place where tho Negro
has a chanco to show his metal, it Is
right hero In the United States.
For this reason, as well ns for tho
asko of ourselves, It Is a matter of
extremo Importance that w0 not dis
appoint ourselves nor thoso who aro
studying and observing us. Within
tho fifty years of our freedom, and
oven before physical freedom came,
groat and almost marvolous progress
has been made, but we must not rest
upon tho past; wo must contlnuo to go
Hon. John L. Morris, tlio Secretary
of tho tioasury for tho Republic of
Liberia, a man who hns conio In con
tact with black people In many'paits
of tho world, after meeting our people
In this country and nearly every sec
tion for several weeks, remarked to
mo that tho Negro In America Is mak
ing more progress than anywhere else
In tho world. I stato this, not to
tempt us to swell with pride, but that
wo may noto tho josponslbllltv that
rests upon us and to cause us to dou
ble our efforts.
The Negro National Iluslness
League, under whose auspices wo aro
gathered today In the now Stato of
Oklahoma in such largo unmbers. Is
simply one of tho many agencies em
ployed to piomoto furhter progress
among us.
This National Negro Iluslness
Leaguo has a unique hlBtory. Organ
ized by a small group of men and
women In tho city of Boston, .Massa
chusetts, lu l'JOO, It has grown in
power nnd Influence until Its spirit
li, felt and Is being carried In tlio
form of local Iluslness Leagues, or
similar organlzutioiiF, in nearly every
centre of Negro population through
out the United States. Getting Its
atrciigth nnd Its standing from thoso
Local Leagues, the National Negro
Business League ut each annual ses
ulonn, grows In dignity and Influence.
Uoforo beginning tlio body of my re
marks there aro n few fundnniontnl
but simple things to which I wish to
direct the special attention of eacli
Local Leaguo. These things I ask
In order that the usefulness of tho
League may bo still further felt In
and among tho ten million of our peo
ple. First of all. do not flitter away
too much time In your meetings on
technicalities known ns parliamenta
ry rules.
2. Let each Local Leaguo study the
condition nnd needs of our people in
its community, and dovoto Itself to
doing that which will piomoto the
commercial, industrial , educational,
professional and moral llfo of our
race In that community.
3. Have a legulnr tlmo of meotlng
and always novo a meeting at that
4. Strive to have n regular place
of meeting, ono that shall be atrac
tlvo and convenient.
f. Have for each mooting n careful
ly arranged program that shall strike
at 8onio definite thing. A general
porKiuiu means nuie; serving re
freshments often helps.
(! Each Local League should Btrlvo
to gather Into Its membership every
mail nnd woman who Is Interested in
any kind of honornblo business, no
matter how humble that business
may appear to bo.
7. Each J.eaguo should have for oiio
of Its objects tho bringing of the
white man, by whoso sfdo we live, in
to friendly and sympathetic contnet
with tho progres of the race. Ono
way to do this is to invito successful
white men to visit and speak to tho
Local Leagues. Tho white man will
help nnd wo will bo helped.
8. Try to stimulate competition nnd
up-to-dato huslnes methods.
Having said this much covering
some of tlio details of this organiza
tion, let mo give attention ns best I
may to tlio main thought In my mind.
I bellovo that the time has. come
when wo ns a race should begin pre
paring to enter upon a now policy and
u now program. In plain hut In om
phatlc words I want to suggest whoth
er tho tlmo has not como when wo
should get off tho defensive In things
that concern our present nnd future,
und begin to inaugurate everywhere
an nggresslvo and constructive pro
greslvo policy in business, Industry,
education, moral and religious llfo
nnd In our conduct generally. Wo
must follow tho teachings of tho Mns
ter when ho said "Overcome ovll with
A general, howovor able, who con
touts himself with merely holding tho
terrllory that ho occupies, or merely
dovotos himself to defending himself
against tho assaults of tho enemy, is
not the goncraUwho gains renown for
gcnulno leadership or gains tho con
Ildenco of tho world. A genornl who
occupies much of his tlmo In explain
Ing the weakness of the enemy or
tho unjust assaults or turtles of the
enemy Is not the general who wins
many battles, so It Is In business of
every kind.
For example, the nierchunts who
merely contents himself with hold
ing his present trade Without cover
Ing now ground lu tho way of Increas
ed patronage and trading in new tn
rltory. Is not the merchant who get,
much of a rating for success In th"
business world. Tlio merchant again,
who spends his time pointing out the
weakness of another's business is not
getting very far on the road to bus
iness success All the energy you
hno to "knock" with, all the enemy
you liavo to voice complaints, c lu
that eneigy Into Improved method.i
or handling your merchandise. nd
so with general race matters, damn
ing the other fellow does not push ns
forward. Ills damning us cannot per
manently hold us back.
Now, having said this much to In
dicate In a rather general way my
thought, let mo he a tittlo uioro defl
ulte lu npplylng theso Ideas to condi
tions In Oklahoma and nearby States.
What Is said of these States enn bo
applied, 1 think, with prollt to other
1 States.
I find that of the 1,700 colored farm
ers in Knnsns, 100 of them aro wit '
out llvo stock and 350 aro without
poultry on their farms.
Of the 3.C0O colored farmers in Mis
souri, 230 of them aro without llvi
stock nnd 3C0 aro without peultry on
their farms.
Of the C3.000 colored farmers In
Arknnsas, 8,500 of them are without
live stock, and 13,800 aro without l oul
try on their farjns.
Of the n4,S00 colored farmers In
Louisiana, 5,300 of them are without
llvo stock nnd 12,000 y.o without
poultry on their farms.
I Of the 70,000 colored farmors In
Texas, 5,000 of them are without llvo
I stock .anil fifteen thousand ate with
out poultry on their farms.
I Of the 20,000 colored farmors in
Oklahoma, 13,000 of thorn aro without
j llvo stock and 3,300 nro without poul-
I try on their farms. Get off tlio dofen-
Islvo nnd put tho world to wondering
how we have been nhlo to socuio so
much live stock and poultry Instead
ol w little.
I Many farmers In this section, nn I
likowiso In ovory section of tho South
nro not making the most of thoir op-
I rl'i.eK In the form of .iilckcnR, hogs,
and tntlo, which they can posce Jiy
simply letting dqwn their buckets
whero they nre. While the Negro
'farmer Is neglecting hi opportunity
of rinsing llvo stock, the prliM.i ,uo
continually getting higher. Beef Is be
ing Imported from Australia and
jfiom South America. Fggs by the
'shipload nro being sent to us from
Chlnn. There Is no spcclnl color line
lu stock and poultry ralFlng. If tho
Negro has cattle for sale, they will
bring tho snmo prices on tlio market
that tho whlto man's cnttlo will bring.
Tho black man's leghorn chickens, If
properly cared tor, will lay ns many
eggs ns tho white man's, nnd he will
get the same prlco In tho nhtrket."
In few other parts of tho world Is
there a greater chanco for tho Norgq."
Thursday morning, ns Wednosdny
morning was devoted to the general
discussion of vnrlous enterprises lu
n way calculated to bo of tho most
benefit to thoso present. Theso dis
cussions wero led by men from all
parts of tho United Stntos who had
mndo 1i success In their recpectlvo
line, but nny ono of the niidlcncu
was permitted to nsk questions. No
ono could possibly attend one of those
sessions nnd como nwuy without vlnn
nblo Information and now Inspiration,
no matter what his lino of business,
j Early Thursday, it was roported from
J tho committee room that tho Leaguo
was more than $800 in the hole. This
Officer Owen
Making Good
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Possessions of the Nations Now
At War nre Immense in
Extent and Value.
I'ngland, France, Germany nnd Uel-
glum Have Immense Pnsesslonu
Lying Around Loot?; the
White Population.
II Owen the subject of this sli t h
was In in i Tvlii, Texas. Scpleinb' r 17.
lt'C and Ikfif tlioto wltli lil piiri-niH till
lie wan 17 m'.itm uM lie aticnded pulili
Mi-hoiil then- iiiul afterward imivnl l"
Nuwiio County, Tex-is. where hu ciillswd
In the 10th talvury of thej'nlted Stilton
Army, After aervlnir tlirvu enr li uu
liniinnilily (llui'lmrRuil ninl enU'rwl tin
Hnp'lKt College nt I.ltlo Itork. ll;it lie
rmilil not overcome the rulnt,tluii .if tin
poMler life unci uftui one yeur In the
lUiptllt eullese. where lie lin.il Kiie Hltli
the nlil of IiIh offli'iTH, 'lie returned H.
the army enllptlnir 111 tilt fmiioiii 9th
enlvurv where lie served In troop "St" Mx
yours without a oIiikIo nmik iixnlnat him
Mr. Owen now huhl threu excellent illn
clmrRus one from tlio 10th I'lillwil HlntuK
Calvary und one from th Stli eulvir.
Ills reo.inl im a mliller far nhove the
average In the wnr ileiMiitlneiit.
lie cunie to Tillo.i lu 1911 Hnd him borne
n Hploixllil reputation lnee. He h-h up
polnttMl pHtrolmiin on the pollee force of
thin elty UimI .lime ami liln luconl tin an
offleer- hit heen lioyolul repioaeh. Con
illtlonH In the Knm Kml have livni lielhr
clni'o bin appointment than evr hefor
ami nro nt 111 Kroulnjf better. Mr. Otven
Im Kn lileiil officer nnd Ik mire to mulvt
WslllN(JTON'. , Auit. 27. Tlie Alrlrin
In 8m Ioi and pro"ctoriitei of the
Kunpeai powerM now at wn nre more
t an til r-1- tmer an lurne n itintlnentnl
I n ted Slnti'M. They nre more than
lire tliin-H iih large nn all of Kuronc now
I pliuirud In war. nnd aro eleven tlmeM
'(ir,ir than KiiKlaml, Kronen, flerinntiy
and llrlcliiin, wb'eb control them, irnyn
the nnll'jnal rteoloKraplilc ""clcty ut
Wiifli iiKion, I), C, In n KtntL.ueut tu
rned lodny They occupy 9,(1C7,C31 of
Xfrlcn's ll.5t3.nno sipmro inlle.
"The Inrgext Individual holder or
African territory 'h lrnce, with 3,812,000
rqunre inlles .nunc than a million nnd
a hnlf of which In tho Saluwn Deiiert,"
fny tl.e noc"ety' ntntement. "EnKlnnd
cniilrolit "MS, 2t.'. nqunre jnllea; rielKlum
with IIcIkIiui Kongo nit Uu solo possession
802,000 rqunrn mien, nnd Germany, 1.
O35,0S0 xmarc mlled. Theso figures
innue su. prising enntrnsts witn tuoso oi
I the Kuropeun holdings of theso countries.
I niti'opmn Franco cons'ats of 207,054
sciunrt ni'les: Knglnud, 121,391 squnro
miles, ili'lirlum, 11.373 sriunrc miles, nnd
Geriiiiiny, 20S, 780 s'ltinre miles.
' nnglnnd lends In tho populnt'on of her
Afrlcnn depe dencles, with n total of 49,
458,500 tihnbltnnts, more thnii two mil
lion of whom nro Kuropeuus. Tho bulk
of her wh te population Is In tho Union
of .South Africa, wh'ch consist of Good
Hope, Natal, tho Trimsvnal nnd Ornngo
Frep stnte. nml In which dwell .icnily
1,600,000 f'relKners.' There nro approxi
mately ",000,000 pcoplo living 'ii French
African pssesslons, inuro than n inlll'on
of whnin arc white. Tho center of
France's wh'lo population Is Algeria,
whero pearly K0O.O0D nurofenns nnd
5.000.000 mtlvts live. Thero nro 15.-000,-00
people lu Delgbtn Kongo, C.466 of
whi.m are wJilto, nnd 12,205 M0 Germnii
subjects in her dependencies, of whom
nearly 30.000 nro European. Thirteen
thousand of theso llvo in Oerirnn South
west Aftlcn.
"The nnturnl refources of many of
these Afrlcnn possessions nro among tho
r' chest in the world. Tho Union of South
Afrlcu, under Ilrlt'sh control, exported
In 1910 151,503,000 'n gold nnd 140,199,000
in illntnoids. The Imports nnd exports
of Algerl i n French poseslon, exceeded
$233,000,000 In 1912. llelglnn Kongo's
exports i ow pass tho $15 000,000 mnrk
annually, while Germany's colon'es nro
sending u other countries nbout I2C,
000,000 wcrth of producu annually.
"The prlnc pal Ilrltlsh poisesslons lu
Afilcn ft. the Hist Afilcu l'rrtectornte,
llechiin.itlnnd, Hhodesln, tho Union of
South Afr'en. Northern nnd Southern
Nigeria, Gold Cont Ugnndn Protector
ate. Somnl land, nnd Nyasaland. Franco
number among her possessions Atgcrin,
Tunis, Ivi ry Coast, Dnliumey Congo,
Madngnscir, Senegal und the Somali
Coast. Gil ninny controls Togo, Knine
run. G. iniuii Southwest Africa and
German l-1-.ejt A.'rlca.'
report wns verllled hy Doctor Wash
ington lilmslf In open session, and
i nu nppcnel for popular subscription
wns inudc, with tho result that more
than half tho amount was raised In u
very few minutes, nearly nil of which,
however, camo from people who llvo
outsldo of Oklahoma. T. J. Klllott,
tho fnmous .Muskogee merchant, pres
ident of the Stato League, wns called
upon hy Doctor Washington, hut this
gentleman very doxterous shifted tho
losponsihlllty hy dodging tho Issue
nnd calling on Dr. Wntorford to como
to the roscuo. This action on tlio
part of Klllott wns tho occasion fof
many uncompllmontnry comments
from homo folks ns well ns from vis
itors. Several Oklnliomnns gave $25
eacli hut not many of thoso caino from
Muskogee. However, all of tho de
ficiency was rnlsed.
Thursday afternoon, tlio host and
longest Industrial parade over seen In
th0 southwest marched through the
streets of Muskogee. This parado
was worked up hy Hov, S. S. Jones
who headed tho parado on a ,hlg
spirited steed, followed by various
kinds and styles of floats, represent
ing ovory conceivable kind of trade
or Industry. A very spectacular feu
1 turn of tho painde was tho float of
Jnko Simmons or Haskell, Okla., rot
lowed by an Imposing cavalry of 500
Negro cowboys on horseback, led by
n bannor which rend: "Jnko Sim
mons and Ills Cowboys." In this
group of real western cow punchors
1 1 ode a number of pretty girls dressed
In cowboy style, nnd thoy wore loud
ly npplauded all along tho lino. The
parade was Indeed nn exceptionally
good ono, and Uov. Jones Is entitled
to tho pralso for It. , Tho fact that
Klllott Is ono of Hov. Jones' bitterest
opponents caused somo pcoplo to bo
Continued on pago four
Tm WTifff)"

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