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w.s.--- -..'I- J -'" f ". Y .. ; i K- utVU'Af -V- ; '''Ml. s " 'i f i ' - . . , . . ; r i I! i. Weekly VINITA, 7.NDIAN TKRRITORY, THURSDAY, DEC. 25. r ;; - VOL. 18 VOL. XXi. -: an ffl A Ann T t t . J" ( In i pnt Vlll I M ) his r , . be President unci the Indian I j,r.ESiriEN f ItOOSEVKLT'S woi about the iMiene iu hie U.f,BB- to Uung'088 lieu X3ed- Inrjl ir.toUiKci.t dud. Id (be rieoeeastily limited epae1 st ccio tnaaiHore tlisotifslou o( vWr ef hire be Llc'f nt an I'.mmvtl fi milUrity with Indiuu r.' )j a wise sympathy (or l.Vm thori' comings, lie bat e.) futiio nrst hand knot'lcdge of ihero a JiHiL-ig man bu rM made a enrcl&l co'iuulseioner to ri in aeJ u;ort apm nnruber of l&diati aubuol iu lb Midrlla West; us a tauter h JicvJ in neighbor! proximity to horn of '.b f; rvtituis; mi a si.Ukr no recru td a ooueli!erU pv.l )i hi KfgfmtH frm among invar, eii3 tt jorernf or Iiew Yo.'k he tools, up lb" frob!ui ;d flufar t it rtl.,til lo Uih IriSes tlj', ' I ,' t. i t ,. V, I ..I it ,. 1 Ti. I -jf til tie chj i lira l'b I'riigrrHK in ihrs ire i Uiity ol wen Wjib vnry. ln i -hf ft, o! j uiiiy il' Iiuiino th e J ho rc Voicti'l iBiiii lift- u!.i!ibl iii point of iocul, politi cal and iff .moniio bilily fro di tLftt J wliMe n!ficuu," Tbr th pro- th-fj is working ,'lirlf out in AO Inlet silog way; ai'.d tbere the jtov ermteiil bat lalfftl long to piske the tvaSUInc ir:: .;f UiKrll. tlo and prj'iJiCj) ' La'ioi.tl ci 1 1 lenehip eismoulU t4 possible. "At Kit', as lo,3, whei. h "Dewes OotnmlM'w'" was ertrmeU ; to tret wUb the K-ve Tribes, ihf proporlioo of ubiie oidens o ; dtiteus, evha ir,clQtMo th.s ly adoption tod cf ibe thioett Jilu !loo Indian b'ooJ, was greatnr than two to one. These elieu-, having no siendiiig under trlb j ' jurisdictioo, had begun to complain f of the crudity and iueiSmenoy el Indian courts. The besought the protection of the United Bteter cotxrt, and one was eeublttbed at Moicogoe. Under t&t new ar rtngemeiu all mauers in dispute between o'tlsnk and non citiien had to be taken to this newh , cteated Diftrlet Court. ' lien the qusKttna began t b ' gitated by the lawyen wb locked in to get their ebare i t, business attfce new courtand lb moveroeni had eubaiauUai bac't fVl DI 10 the tritjiu nt aharjduini I entirely the Indua courts, and ex , tending the jurl 'diotUu of ti.- United Slates trlbuorJ over el . (aliens and clliteua. Naturally, j there was much oppoeitiou fro u ' - r tbe fullbloods and the Indian la ', Wat won in 13 )8 by the lasvlii j winners, trm wm fsvor 1 1 1- I abolition of iod au oiurts. , Iu surprisingly snort urns me nw i avautm was wurkiii mriithl.. rV'fhe memorr el the triol cour aded, tbe lodlaa lawyer ml u,i the prsollce in tbt new cou't suj cesslull. Meanwhile tbsoouiuu'eeka from Washlnfton wit working la tl. territory, v 'ing (rum tribe to trlb-. bsarinq obje.Moas sod urging th 1 giving op of tribal organisation "Why not, the ske4, In sub ttancs, "give np lbs preteooe of government and allot yoc? lands, join Ci.laboiua anti bocoits a ter ritory ootii mob lime as you ate rsidy for siatshood?" Tb answers it first wen short bd decided: "The eouutr b. ongs tu us, snd we dm'i wart to jke so ci)og in eur method Of holding it." PetleoUy tbe com. tulhloo pointed nil that the tribei were wrong Iu thinking tiier CnuM key lo iceoji4e!v, boldlfii' iuntr riiircdiK.tiife that " : 1 filch Opportunity for the Rett Mn ht 1 M. 0SK180N wbue bameseekers would be elad te Ufe. It tm tnantfeotl unfai, ihe aid, to lie ut front ICO eoree ot lend for erei iaan, woai d child of Indian blood o;oiUsen. Mp, when whole white family wgbl live on a elngl there. At t AH, & If 1 i l lrvl lh in4 wre anvti, Mot. H j ft4 and m l ly Ai Sr IJi m ivk ti fuat ; Wli h trfi v4 r" edi aaaa, Hi: , Im always 1X114 MwMi4l alrMn. tradition, ai tuan soppose, ths ootnmUsiao f'ond territory not grettly smaller tisa the state of Huine, trh In rvlneral and sgri. octtoral resooroei and iovaloable tlr.iber; country which has been oonuptad and rulllvalsd fur over half a century, whose feriils U'yi yleldsd buotifttl harvests of eouthmro proditctd, and on whose e grsted a quartrr of a roil. 4lle yearlj whewcltlee had the dame time it wi.i pointed out that tha whitee wei pouring Into the oour.oy, wlllj , bill r, nd, ai leflp8 or cUlzeus.U'iini the greater part of th land. I Year after yaar the :oism!fiBli?n tent aViOtit from town to town amor g the tribes, a'gaif.g and ex. hortiog. But nuthi jg ePuj(J liko' to come of t ielr fcfforte, through tli e persiRot purpose of the ' gove-nmeut ne revealed. Then, lu reepooae to Urging from .i in bit r 7. ev I 1 : -Si' '"XV it Per SHa a Jolly Gco J FHIbv.,t- ta, Sall'ia WtffnM At lasat w Km llttl Iu tk. Al 1 Jf k rM I aktaf Th mrnr rtf aaiw M ar M WMl Im MS fcarHy S IH. MM MO ItMiOa' MdlN k St. spreni, up, roads bad tbrougSt hlch rail- been eoaacied; and whera five dlilinot itodero gov ercseste esUioJ, ioili pendent of he United the soverefgaiy of Etatet. "For diversity, Hit social sad pr-iiiioa' eanditioas I found here cm ttdejremplad. "iiousaods of white KhUJrrn wUboiJ, (be erl of CQU'oral ad rtg, yet uo one of tbs nsiloafj witbout aa WaBhiogton, the commiseion etaied plainly tbat the tribes mast come to eome agreement, ai the govxrnoieot bad dvtermined to end their extntenoa, at separate and utterly anomalous political or. ganiaationa, Following tills informal ukaBe, the more hot headed among the oative leadtrt talked eomewhat valngloriouily of armed oppoai. tion, hinting at poesible martry. dom to ancient rights. A certain 0 H N mM w h on ftM LrIS Baal a&exit Ummtk tKa in. Ami firm Maa a ctuw-a to twtwM tia A-aalimf miM t Ma Uaira ; lB Mr Star sali fta ka aa vaaty Aa4 feaap ai M tv r, Ha a Kawlr SM Haia all at imi Aawag aopa a ttuaMra w aay. lo'tliuttoa of learning tbat wonld have been a credit to a more ad vanced civilisation; men of Indian blo;id wbfwe gnftss would have adorn l oheUc nt end j '! in no Wht'l 1 , SCBf ret f w'" ' i : halts of eongreae or -iTilrntloo lo tbf buai- high toloded, alls rod wubln the tribes, Botuhir, thoee who, mal oondltions, had o.eoi iatliIgnoe to pris 1.0." the ordinary V 4 "-V.V Cherokeo secret eooiety was cre dited with the actual beginning of the arming and organizing of a re eietlng force. The magnitude of the work ahead of them ma well have caused im patience among the commission'! memben. In a review of the work recently published, this adjusting commission spc4e of the talk in this way: 'Instead of an arid Western plain, occupied by the savage of Kit. . HHal smM tH all ha altutir Of kaatc a akxkmta M ai,irt Aa tedint m Ml Lhtitmut orutlf (Man M la lalrlf tyN(M I eiink. ea Oh wlioia. N la kanar Thai Santa Clattt kaaf hmaatf iart. aWravaa. aa :u t Uw ckii4rt U6I a SUefe tia a (a Mm atark. rXaHC B. .C 80 It was throughout saint,' women and Gvi fearing, honest men knocking elbows with the worst criminal in tbe whole world Intense industrial activity was fouod bordering upon ultsr in doleace and prlrritlve makeshltls. For tbe laal half dosan years Aid more, a town In th Katlon, bat beta k greai'et primary eotto thi Unhd States. , that more cotton is hauled there in wagons than to any other town. During this same period some of the worst gangs of outlaws tbat ever ravaged a country have found refuge in tbat nation. Yioita, in the Cherokee Nation, has long been one of the country's leading cattle shipping towns, a Mil ita neighbor, Claremore, fojlv miles west, called a statehood con vention for Deo. 3 this year, ic tbat same Cherokee country, hid den in tbe rough, flinty bills th' border Arkansas, live full-bloo N who cannot talk English and w.Vi still gain a precarious livelihoo by bunting. From 1893 to 1902 tbe commij -' sioo has labored. lie members have seen the Indian population in tbe Territory rise to a total of more than 80,000, while more than 350,000 whites hsve settled within its boundaries. In 1893 the Choc taws and Chickasaws concluded a treaty with thecommissiou, a rear after the small Seminole K had treated. In August, IOC Cherokee and Creeks f. sgreed ( j give up tribal exis ts soon as the details of allot and rearrangement coul.l be pleted. The commission's work, he er le by no means completed, sling questions remain to be tied. A work of great magi.i that it not yet finished is the'U ing up of the tribal rolls. Here have been met fraud, Ignorance and hindrances. Citizenship bes come to have a tangible commer cial value, where a citizen is likely to come into posession of from 100 to 500 acree of land, and those whites who bave lougbfeo settled in the Territory ere rf ', - depart. of t ii ru I ' - en! claimed cilisenfhip attempted to prove it. I;.- . i slaves of Indians were givt. lenshlp in the tribes alter the civil war, and now some hundreds of negroes are trying hard to prove that their parents were freedmen under the citisenshtp provision. Besides this, there are grave mattera connected with the ealsb lishment of a territorial govern ment to b established. What hall ba dona with the valuable u. '. and asphalt deposits bow fceld and leased by the tribes actieg ai commercial organisations ? What embargo shall ba laid ou 11? ttle of the lands when they are tran ferred to ths individual owner- f How are the echool ani tM.st;-.'.i systems to be mrrasgd Vi Mj both Indiana and wlitet ti htH advaotagat Supposing the ,n a Territory and Oklahoma to i . In. eluded in ona Territory, hu r the peculiar needs of thre v . sUll live in the old full h. . i style to be met? And where I i'Ut, fat of territorial g3?ernmnt to b tablished? Will the lj wltl aa tt a territorial govern : t the present time result li, fjioint thesa tribes toward Uuita-i Cuts eitlsenshlp too fast, so : : .'' , t- IDS 'resident tin a w; in preventing their g m-aroeJ, ; at all? The leaven of r ' spreading among the tt -ua'.es of the greal f iv schools, and &,is 1 t; , have penetrated to the : i are taking their pkcm in the movement to-. 1 mation. Born to the I odiee against white i . id. rut ways, then tralntd to t tai 'it of view of the whir 5 t leges and univers-il' IV. are standing by e - -1 t ward any move: advance tbeir j ' nomio lndepe-ii "is preeideat 1 ' aid and prafl! ".I time is cnt v. graduate is psr-j'.tf to his people s- ; A salt, derby hat cm i for tbe blank r, ( c',ts. . To t fir i - i Ol'l ,'..:('