Newspaper Page Text
The Art of Architecture and Sculpture.
The several arts, in aa ascending scale, are architecture, sculpture, painting, music and poety. Dancing, landscape gardening, engraving, elo cution, dramatic art and rhetoric, are accessory to one or more of the five great departments of art, rather than separate departments. Art appeals to the feelings It arouses emotions and aspirations, but not appetites. Its effects are, therefore, to purify the feelings. It directs them to ward ideals. It is Dot so much an edu cation of conscious thought as of in stinctive judgmeots in matter of ta'te. But as it deals with tide a is, it inspires religious and ethical emotions, and, through these, indirectly develops thought. The silent teaching of architecture, the iropressiveness of its masses, its harmonious proportions, its suggestion of great natural powers overcome by SDlritual might these effects are ob vious. Art has an eni of its own, and, to be art of a very high charaster, it must show that the beautiful object exists for itself, and does not exist for the sake of other objects not even for morals or religion, liut, 01 course, toe highest art will be found in harmony with both morals and religion. There are three stages to each of these a-ts. namely the symbolic stage, wherein a ' spiritual might struggle) without a pronounced success against the natural powers wnicn ninaer it. Higher than this is classic art, where in the spiritual might have completely subdued matter and force into means of expression for its ideas. Third there is romantic art. Christian art, which expresses the ideal with more or less antagonism toward what is material and natural. Thus the architecture of India and Ktrvot belongs to symbolic art, Greek architecture is much superior in its ex pression of freedom. Its Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns, fully achieve gracefulness. In a solid wall for the support of roof, the manifestation of the forces which are struggling against nature and the power of gravity are not so adequate as when a support is a pillar or column. The column being isolated, the effects of gravity are exhibited in the yielding of its capital, its ex pansion as in the Doric capital, or the graceful yielding curves s appearing in tse looic volute, or the graceful bending of tne acanthus leaves in the Corinthian capital. Gravity is mani fested on the one hand, but the Greek capital ehows how easily and graceful it resists the downward force. The Roman arch is converted into a dome by carrying out iis principle on all sides instead of laterally alone. The arch is a ready suggestion, symbolical ly, of the Roman national principle. Each stone in the arch is relatively a keystone to all of the rest. All depends on each, and each on all. Each Roman citizen felt and autdd as if be were the keystone to his nation. The dome sug gests the sky over ail, and hence tole ration. Under the dome of the Roman Pantheon the gods of all nations weie set up and worshiped The dome is an appropriate sjmbjl for the state or na tion. Each patriotic citizen conse crates his life for the life of the social whole, and each is in turn supported and protected by the rest like a key stone. Romantic architecture comes to its highest completeness in such Gothio structures as the carhedrais of France and the abbeys of England, bft espec- MAKING GOLD (Special to the Sunday World.) Ravenswood, 111., Dec. 4. Edward C. Brica, iovtnior of the mn ainhamv. whicb i. he says, to solve the problem of the mechanical rroductiou of goM, lighted the furnace J h ma of his 'volcano' on the zbth ol I KAvam her. The first week's output is giveu by Mr. Brioe as 18,0o, secured from 20,000 pounds of antimony brought from tbe company's miaes ia Utah. The cost of material and transportation was $15 per ton. The furnace treats 20,000 ' pounds at oie time, producing daily 300 ounces of silver and 1,000 ounces of gold. The inventor exueot9 to make 10,000 weekly, and cl ims to have secured gigantic success already. This "volcano" f-f Mr. Brice has been the subject of a good deal of speculation. It is really a big blast furnace, looking on the outeide muco like a factory. It is devis.d for tbe artificial produoticn of gold It repre sents cipiiaUstic faito in the inventor, who has been endeavorir.g to put his discovery on a bu-inesi basis. Tbis modern alchemist voluntarily admits that the gold is -produced fiim antimony, galena, sulphur and a few other in a-redients Dot on the public list. Minaraloeis's the world over made baste to explain that antimony invariably carries a small percentage pf goldf od that Mr, Brice's process I ially in the Cologne cathedral and that I of Amiens acd the Sainte Chapelle of Paris. It celebrates the divine, not as artm pt.Mntr oritrinatine- in matter ana lift.prl un hwhv from matter dv iuj sen- O , ( - 1 M fcetivitv. but it exDresses rather the complete nugatorine-s of matter except as suDDorted bv spirit. For. instead of expressing the effects of weight or gra vity it Its 6lenaer columns, it expree rather the support of what is below by what is above. The columns seem vis- ihltr tn null instead of to DUSh or thrust It is the heavens that support the earth. It se-ms as if the cathedral flnnr i fasten d to the columns, and the-e pull up and sustain the floor by fastening it to the roof. All the linrs point rpward, a-d seem to worship what is absve. Tne Christian religion la exDressed in the Gothic ca hd'al It. ia a netrified praver. The Roman dome expresses the universal sway of civil law. a fkv of justice which ex tends over all. The Greek temple shows freedom in matter. It crowns a hill like a blostom which has ascended from the surface of the earth to man; fest a deep inner self-activity of matter ite f . The statuary of Egypt and the Orient does not express freedom, it .abounds In stiff and uoerraceful lines, but the Btatuarv of the Greeks is the supreme ach'evement of that beauty-loving nannle. In the hisrhest period of its perfection it represents so much dig nity of character, so much rationality an J clear consciousness of purpose in its figures of the gods, that the divine itself seems to be present in material form. Christian sculpture has not been able to express its distinctive ideals. It finds painting a far more adequate means. Painting can express peotiment by means of color: it ran show subiective feelirgs and subtle reactions occasioned by the situation in which the theme of the work of art is placed. Modern sculpture is de fective throuarh I he fact that an at tempt is made to express sentiment r'ather than action. The highest sculpture exhibits the serinity of the soul, eveu in the presence of danger. Wit Marns, L.. J-., u. THE SWORD OF SALADIN. Blacksmith Daffy Says He Knows the Secret of Damascus Steel. The Damascus blade cf Saladin may yet be duplicated. It will be if the claims of Jarce H. Duffy, a Macbiasport (Me.) blacksmith, are justified by the practical results which be promises Mr. Duffy asserts that be has dis covered tne long lost art of producing Damascus steel and also the ascient method of hardening copper and brass. Ten years has the "Machiaport Wizard," as his neighbors call him, spent patirntly experimenting with tLe metals, during which time he has often severely taxed his financial re sources. Me declares, however, tbat lor nis sacrinces ne nas Deen more than repaid by his success. Mr. Duffy was first led Into making experiments when he opened his smi'h shop in Machiasport. He was born in Bangor fifiy-four years ago, and after a few days' schooling learned the trade of horseshoeing and blacksmithing. When he moved to Machiasport the canning industry had begun to grow, a d the soldering copoers utei in the factories were sent to Dim for repairs. He noticed tbat the cippers wore away rapidly end that when two-thirds of the business end of one was worn away it had to be cast aside. ' IN CHICAGO BY "PRIVATE simply extracts the metal instead of producing. But Mr. Brice is not satisfied with this statement of the case although if he really bad invented a new process as successful, say, as toe cyanide process lor reducing rati actory ores It would be a gigantic achievement but c aim to actually make gold by fierce volcanic ht at, even as it was maue in the smelt ing of the etrta iteelf. The inventor has for long periods camped on the slopes and ci aters of volcanoes t measure the tremendous heat to wbich nature subjects her ma terials, hoping to learn the s.cret tbat would give him the eame condition for his experiments. Again and again, he buys, he has dropped pyrometers into one of God '8 big smelters and found it regisieiiog vast heats up to 400 de grees. Th s summer Mr. Brice went to work j to make a volcano of his own, located la a b g woodtn ouiloiog. In d-.visiog a furnt.ee which would reproduce the coidi.i iiis peculiar to volcanic heat be maue a sjtc.al study cf the structure of hutLan lung. He claims to have succaeced in building a furnace capab.e c f repr ducing the penetrating rather than the melting tent of volcanoes and retaining it for a ptotr acted per iod. The big furnace has a capacity of treating 20,000 pounds of antcnomy. Mr. Duffy thought that if copper crmld b ) welded two old soldering tools that were worthless miht be welded into one that would be worth some thing. The difficulty was to find the way to weld toem. it couldn't De aone by the ordinary way of healing because copper became sof when heated, and therefore as soldering tools trey wouia be no good after having been weld el. A few yea-8 ago he astonished the ctory men by takin? a lrt of cast-off soldering copters and bringing them back nicely welded a- a as periecc a-1 new one?. In f ct, they were more per fect than the n-w ones, for rot only did they hold the heat as well as the new tools, but they did not wear away so quickly and for this reason they were more valuable. Then -the wizard surprised his intimate acquiotances by producing from bis labora- torv a cooper sword. wnicn ne proceeded to berjd into a circle and let it sorin? back into shape again, which savs the Boston Globe, it did as the most perfect Damascus steel wouiu Next he astonished them by producing a copper razor, with wbich he gave himself a perfect shave sni the razor still retained its keen edge. The w.zard will. taiK about the aualitv of . the metal 'he produce, but is reticent in reard to the process through which he puts it. He will only say that in his experiments in attempting to weld epper without rendering it permanent ly soft ne strucK upon tne secret 01 ioo ancient' me hoi of making Damascus steel. . He is positive tbat he has it. He savs that, although be has made some wonderful discover! es he has learned that these are but the beginning of a great series cf discoveries that must follow as ra't of .these. The trans- mu'a'ioa of metals, he thinks, is o- e of these that will follow upon his discove ries. N. x. Herald. PICTURES BY TELEGRAPH. Remarkable Device Alleged to Have Been Successfully Tested. v St- Paul, Minn., December 6. A new device for the transportation ol pictures by telegraph has been success fullv tested in tbis city. The inven tor is Ernest A. Hummel, a local jeweler. The device is intricate, com bining three or four different motive novers. Both transmitter and receiver, but f . r the projecting table on which the drawing of the picture in the one or the blank paper for the impression in the other is placed, would not occupy mora space than an ordinary type writ ne machine. Each has atone corn e.r a diminutive electric motor, smaller in size than the case of a small pair of opera glasses, the purpose of which Is to operate the carriage which hauls the copving pencils . back and forth over the area to tn copied. Jn the t aosmitter this carriage is eauioped with a projecting arm. in the vulcanized rubber ext-e nity of which is inserted a sharp plat in J m point. This po.nt is drawn by an automatic clockwork contrivance over the surface of the plate, each time at a minute distance from the line on whioh it moved before, this aljustment, being accomplished by a screw acd a trippie eer.es of ratchet, which by turning the screw regulate the widtn betwtej the lines. After the machine is con nected with the electric circuit and the p'atinum point is s.tin motion each time it encounters a strip of shel iac the circuit is broken. This throws down against the receiving paper in the complimentary part of the machine a sharp needle point, wbich etches into the surface a line cor responding to the course taken by the platinum point while on the shellac insulation. When the platinum point passed over the shellac and the circuit is again closed the net die point is lifted. The carriage is propelled by the elec tric motor, the clockwork being nec essary to control its velocity, and is ac complished with the assistance, in ad dition to the ordinary looking system of cogs, of a number of whining fans, not unlike the govercor of a steam en gine, save that th-?y have disks. VOLCANO." There are four furnaces, all a li He ex- oept tbat the removable bottom of the ' third is provided with a ledpe, on which are placed the crucibles of paw- dir gold obtained by the parting of the gold and s lver found in a mixed buttou in the bottom of each of the cupels. The furnaces are In two stacks. The flue for each stack is in the middle, and descends beneath tbe ground from be tween the two furnce. Each floor has a removable oval bottom, lifted into place bv powerful screws, so that while ona bottom is being used the one which pre-.eded it can be repaired. Tbe first ttage of the process is the conversion of autonomy into tbe oxide of antonomy. In the compounding room the oxide ' of antonomy Is m-xed into a paste, to- getber with ingredients not" known to any one but the inventor. The paste is molded into bricks which are p'acd io the artificial volcanoes ana tbee subj'cted to volcanic heat for forty eigt.t hours. Th's awful heat is be tween 6,000 and 7,000 dezreps. Whe- the bricks come oui they con-' tain' geld and s-ilver. The re-t is easy. Tt is Dot alchemy; it is ordinary min im? "e pat a' ion. ., . 1 Tl is is Brice's own story of his in vention. He says he eball mike about $1,300 worth of gold in a, day I Horace B. Stevens, Real Estate and Insur ance Agent. I Solicit Collection of Rents and make no charge for Advertising. fofTsale NOKTH STANTON STREET, near Hildebrand residence, 2 lots; 8900, One-third rash. NORTH KANSAS STREET, 31 lots for $700 cash. UPSOM AVENUE, between N. El Paso and Santa Fe Sts., 45 feet for $600: one-third cash. NORTH OREGON STREET, corner of Kio (Grande, 175x175. Room for 5 houses. CHEAP. MESA AVENUE, 2 lots, corner, for 70. IDAHO STREET, 3 los at a sacrifice. BUSINESS CORNER, Vfesa avenue and Texas Str et, 115x60 feet. A bar gain and terms tr suit. 12 LOTS on San Antonio Street, facing Magoffin homestead. TWO LOTS on East Overland. Cheap. ONE LOT, near Mesa School. 60x120 feet on West Overland Street. BUSINESS PROPERTY, paying $70 per month, or $6,000. $4,600 will buy a row of houses pay ing $64 a month. MONTHLY INSTALLMENTS and a small cash payme' t will buy 7-room brick h use. 116 TTn-om Avenue. 614 N. OREGON STREET.brick house o rooms. U isy terrr s. 407 N. EL PASO STREET, 5 rooms, cheap. 40 N. EJj 1 ASU aXKr.K ' , 7 rooms, brick. BRICK ncU Eof5 rooms on North Stan .on oireet: southeast corner; a t leasant borne. NEAR S. P. DEPOT, on N. Kansas Street, 5-rnom brick GOOD PAYING LODGING HOUSE, 15 rooms. LAKCiE BKICK RESIDENCE, ceo trally locatrd. Suitable for fashion able boa-ding. I also write ,.Fire Insurance. in BEST Companies at LOWEST rates. Loan Money on City Property Insure you against ACCIDENT in the Travelers. 59 Horace B. Stevens Real Estate and Insnr ance Agent. LOOK AT THE MAP We can Ticket You to ANY PART OF THE UNITED STATES. Low Rates, ELCQi.HT Equipment, Fast Time. iP. TURNER, Gen'l Put'r ind Tkt Agent, DALLAS, TEX B. F. DABBYH'RF, S. W. F. I P. A. I The Nations' Building! A VA. TAKES TUB HORN VA. One of the latest structures of E. Krause Architect, The best build ings In the city, both public and pri vate, are of my designs. Get com petition and save money. Come and sea ma if you tninlc of building, E. KRAUSE. Boom 65 Sheldon Block. TEXAS. (M K ATTORNEY-AT-L AW. Special attention given to Real Es tate and Probate Law. Will practice in all tne courts. ROOM 8, MUNDY BLOCK. EL PASO. TEXAS Chrivtmas Excursions. Excursion tijktts from all points in Texas to po'nts in Louisiana, Miesfs.- sippi, Alanama, Georgia, Florida, Ten n esse, Kentucky. North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia will be sold via Southern Pacific December 21st and 22 J, 1897, g. od for return with in 30 dayd f rom date of stole, at rate of one fare for the round trip. Local tickets from and to any point on line will be sold Dec mber 23d, 24tr, 25th,.30-h, 3lst, 1897, and' January, l-t. 1898, godd to return up to Jahtiary 3d, 1898, at rats of one and a third 'fare. . Mining Location planka for Sal at ThltOffiet 00000000000000000000000000000000000000 ...ONE MORE... . i Week till Christmas, the time when we Remember our Friends. We have more nsefnl pr8?nti to select from than any other p'ace in El Pao. Are you going to ca 1 and them? You tnnnt spend a half bour more profitably than looking ovor onr goods, evn if you don't buy. We bave the goods; also have the prices in our big store, and don't forget it. A rice line of Cabler Seat Rickers in Oak a d Mthogany which are atrlc'ly up-to-date. Our stock of TOKS ore bright and Satta Claus. who always knows what the little ones want and the big on os, toi is f tst making up h's assortments from our stock N3XT WEEK will be a busy one. DJn't wait too 1 ng. Make your selections and we will take care of them for you. g A CARLOAD OF FURNITURE 2 : ' Jf Was received this week and we have some nice selections of 2CHIPFONIRS, ODD DRESSERS, DRESSING TABLES, anything for your house. Any of the above would make T. H. SPRINGER, oo 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 1 ectro-Hydropathic Institute, Electric Medicated Vapor Baths for the cure of all chronic diseases. Positive enre for Rheunaatitm. Baths endorsed by the best medical autho; ity and the profession. Graduate of Cincinnati, and post graduate of National College of Therapeutics of Indianapolis, Ind., havine diplomas from both of the above well known institutions; also, diploma of Master of Dagrees of Electro-Therapeutics. Separate Bath Rooms for Gentlemen's and Ladies' Massage. Mrs. Dr. F. M. Dr. KING & CO., Expert Specialists. Special roc tors for Special Diseases FREUDENTHAL BLOCK (Dp Stairs) Cor. El Paso and San Franci'o Sts. Consultation Free. El Paso, Tex. PATADDU Wo have placed in our of Uft Innnn fire the LATEST and most MODERN APPLIANCES for the TREAT MENT of CATARRH, LUNG and BRONCHIAL Diseases By our lobulation procesa the med icine comes In actcal contact with the di seased parts and when our treatment Is car ried out we ouarate a CURE In each case accepted for treatment. FEMALE DISEASES bVSS? TRICITY, making the old way of instrumen tal examinations absomtteit unnwiessary. NERVOUS PROSTRATION, LEUCORRHOITA, IRREGULARITIES and Excess of MenSAS or such ailments readllv disappear onder our treatment Try our Home Treatment If not convenient, to come to our office. AI C PURL" SPECIAL BIS ASB of MEN, YV L UUnL Nervous Debility, Despond ency In Youni Men sufT' ring from youthful follies, KIDNEY and URINARY, Diseases, PILES, STRICTURES, by Electricity, 8K4N DI.E8H. E ZEMA. BLOOD FOISUN daVyand'TertSJ? ' UKED wl'bout tne useoT heronry. UiniTT for SvmDtom Blanks If living VV n I I r away from city. Cases success fully treated through our perfect system of Alall Treatment. El Paso Marble Agency. J. E. NAG LEY, Mgr. Scotch Barre and. f eyas Granites. Polished Columns, Monuments, Eto Samples on exhibition at Caldwell Un dertaking Parlors, 305 El Paso St. D i". Oscar Wilkinson, T.ate ronldent snraeon Evn. Ear. Nose ana Throat Hospital. New Orleans, La. SPECIALIST. Practice confined to Eye, Kar, Nose & Throat Office hours, 9:30 a m. to n m.; i v p. m, ROOMS 4 and 6 SHELDON BLOCK. Ol Rosea accurately fitted You Will Save Money! By getting plans for your new build ings drawn by.,,.,,.,.......... "R,. Thornton RELIABLE A-ttOHITECT - Room 12 Morehouse Block. 1 Paso. Tex O. T- D1X, Employment Bureau AND COLLECTIONS. Spanish and French Translated. Room 5, Hills Building, San Antonio St Kl. rASO, TEXAS. VAPOR BATHS. With Massage "and Medical "VRubbmgs. " . . N. OREGON ST. NO. 410 Gandolfo, MANAGER. Washington Dining Hall. 203 CL PASO STREET, EL F1S0, THIS, BEST RESTAURANT IN CITY. ALL THE DELICACIES OF THE SEASON. RBaULAR DIN-tSTHlR. 13 TO S P &. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT V XXOTGt 4- OO.PROP3 "WOO MOOI3INO. MQR HOUCK IM PORTERS PINE WINES AGENTS forj 220 El Paso St. Fine Merchant Tailoring, And Gents' Furnishing Goods. 04 RL. PASO STRR1BT. SE IX Gives the FOR HOUSEHOLD GOODS AND SELLS AT THE LOWEST. Try Him - - - 116 Oregon Street. J. R. McGIBBON, 800 El Paso 8trwt, Optra Houit Block. New and. Seeond-hand JF'iornitui'e STOVES, ST. CLAIR STEEL RANGES, CROCKERY, LAMPS. GLASSWARE, ETC. Refrigerators Cheap in Order to Close Out. EMERSON & BERRIEN, Undertakers, 324 and 326 El Paso St. Phone 71. Link Restaurant, El Paso Street. A First-Olass Short Order House. Open Dny jum ill U o all should see - WARDROBES, SIDEBOARDS, CENTER TABLES, and most desirable Xmas presents. Furniture, Crockery, Carpets. 216 San Antonio St. Cor. Myrtle and Stanton Sts. El Paso, Texas, 0 0 Ladies and Gentlemen in Attendance for both Sexes. & DEITER, and JOBBERS IBERS WHISKIES AND WILLIAM J. LBMP BREWING CO., St. Loals. Mo PA.BST BRXWINQ CO Milwaukee, Wis. El Paso, Texas. KL PA80 TXZA& Highest Price and. ilSTight. TON THE REMINGTON Standard Typewriter MERCHANT & MANNING, State Agents Pallas, Texag. M.I MoKELxFGON, LOCAL AGENT. Room 12, Sheldon Block, El Paso, Texas. 4 A