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EL PASO DAIlY HERALD. FRIDAY. DECEMBtR 21. 1900.
THE DAILY HERALD abltsned Every Evening Except Sunday B Y THI Herald News Company, et paso. Tfcxas. .ITTLB P1AZA. T LEFBOMC 1l An Independent Republican NEWSPAPER. Rigid Enforcement of Existing Lawe is the trmi step i owa.ru mu nicipal Reform. r mr n OT . A TWTO 'Rditor and General Manager. HENRY U CAPKLL, Business Manager. t that nmtnffice at EI Paso. Texas for transmission through the malls at second class raxes. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally, one year IJ M Dally, six months 3.50 Dally, three months 1-75 Bally, one month 60 Weekly, one year 2.00 Weekly, six months 1-00 Weekly, three months 50 The Daily HERALD Is delivered by carrier In El Paso. Texas. Juarez. Mexico, and at the El Paso smelt ing works, at fifteen cents (15c) per week, or sixty cents (60c) per month. Subscribers falling to get the HERALD regularly or promptly should call at the office or telephone No. 15. ' All complaints will receive prompt attention. TO ADVERTISERS. In crder to Insure proper changes In advertising, copy for same should be at the business office not later than 10 a. m. ADVERTISING RATES. states of advertising in the Dally or Weekly HERALD will be made known upon application at the bus iness office. Those who prefer can have a representative of the bus iness department call upon them, who will quote prices and make contracts for space. Call telephone No. 115. Classified advertisements for locals, ten (10c) cents per line for nrst In sertion and five (5c) cents for each additional Insertion. Special rates upon five hundred (500) or one thousand (1000) lines of local, to be used In one month, will be fur nished npen application. RATIFICATION OP THE HAY-PAUNCEFOTE TREATY. The ratification of the Hay-Paunce-iote treaty by the senate, as announced In The Herald's dispatches yesterday, marks another step in one of the most Interesting political and diplomatic contests in our history- The average reader has made no attempt to keep op with the question, and even the at tempt of the Bryanites in the late cam paign to excite the people against the McKinley administration and against England on account of the treaty nego tiations failed to arouse any enthus iasm. The administration has steadfastly held that the United States is bound by the provisions of the Clayton-Bul-wer treaty, and that while it Is de sirable to secure relief from some of the. provisions of that treaty, such re lief must come, not from breaking faith by abrogating the treaty, but through regular diplomatic negotia tion. The Clayton-Bulwer treaty was con sidered,' at the time it was made, as a, distinct gain for the United States. There is no record that the senators ratified it under protest. The treaty was openly negotiated and honestly considered and ratified, and has never since that time been looked upon by any American statesmen as being any thing but an honorable compact, of binding force. It is true that some of our public men have considered that the treaty was voidable, on ac count of the alleged violation of one of its provisions by England, but no re sponsible officials have ever advocated ignoring the existence of the treaty. Indeed the treaty has at all times been looked upon as a direct application of the so-called Monroe doctrine to Cen tral America, and its confirmation by solemn treaty. When Secretary Hay began his ne gotiations with the British ambassador it was for the purpose of modifying the Clayton-Bulwer treaty and the se curing of additional advantages to this country, and he succeeded so well in this that his achievement should be considered, and is considered by most thoughtful students of the subject, as a diplomatic triumph. He succeeded in retaining all the good features, and eliminating all the features which had been found in practice to be more or less annoying to the United States; The treaty-releases us from restric- ' tions as to exclusive control of an in teroceanic canal, while it still binds Great Britain. As to the principle of neutralization, that has been the his toric policy of this government, and no statesman has ever suggested that such a canal, if built, should be in any way for the exclusive or special bene fit of this country, but on the contrary that it should belong to the world's commerce. The opponents to the treaty objected to it on two counts, one. that it sug gested a further international agree ment that should take i nthe nations of Europe and possible involve us in a situation that might sometime prove awkward, and the other, that it pro hibited permanent fortifications. Both of these objections have now been dis posed of by amendment, to the posi tive ad van cage of the treaty. The best authorities agree that we do not now want to fortify the canal, if we build it. Admiral Dewey, Captain Mahan, Senator Morgan, the late Senator Da vis, and hundreds of other competent authorities have expressed the opin ion that to fortify the canal would sim ply result in making it a battle ground and a main point of attack, while in case of war with England or any other nation our fleets would be amply suf ficient to protect the entrances to the canal, they would naturally be concen trated there, and no enemy would dare to risk entrance upon the artificial wa terway if it were under our police con trol, as provided In the treaty. The canal would always be neutral In time of war, and of course If we were at war with England the treaty could not bind us and we could do as we pleased with the canal, so far as England might be concerned. It must be remembered also that the Clayton-Bulwer treaty was not the only barrier to the construction and ownership of the canal by this coun try. Nicaragua is an independent and sovereign state. She has by treaty given England the same guarantees as to equal rights that she has given to the United States. The United States by treaty with Nicaragua has agreed not to exercise any exclusive rights over the canal and guarantees neu trality. Nothing will be gained by going in to the late presidential campaign, but it may be mentioned casually that it was the' republican Arthur administra tion that first proposed the construc tion and ownership of an interoceanic canal by this government, and it was the democrat Cleveland who stopped all negotiations with regard to the pro ject. The republicans have been con sistent in their endeavor to construct a canal over the best available route under the conditions most favorable to this country, and the party now in power may be trusted to do what is best. There are those who insist that Eng land will not accept the Hay-Paunce-fote treaty as amended. However! the administration, white it disapproved of tne changes, is confident that Eng land will be willing to ratify the treaty as it now stands. If she does not. we will be no worse off than we were before; but the Clayton-Bulwer treaty, which is expressly superseded by this much more liberal one, will be again in force, and will act as a barrier to the Nicaragua canal project. o A Kansas City judge believes that the solution of the problem of pun ishment for boy offenders against the municipal laws, is a sound thrashing. For a petty theft on the part of a boy, he decrees ten or twenty lashes to be applied in his presence by the parent or guardian of the child. The juvenile offender has always been a problem to the makers and executors of the law. for the reason that if he be given the ordinary jail sentence, he is put right into the company of hardened crimi nals who contaminate and harden him to the thought of crime. Thus his punishment instead of retarding crime is apt to assure his addition to the gangs of law breakers where he be comes a, menace and burden to the state. There are many theories against corporal punishment, but Solomon's wisdom is not entirely outgrown even in this age, and it seemsa wise addi tion to the punishments of our courts. It is a punishment for all boys, for the judge watches to see that the parent or guardian conscientiously carries out the sentence. For a sensitive boy it is a shame and disgrace and will probabiy serve to make him loath to risk it a second time. Parents and guardians usually welcome it as an al ternative to the jail sentence. There are objections to a sound thrashing, but the punishment is old fashioned. warranted by the wisdom of many generations, it is' better than the jail with its foul associations, it is distinct and prompt, but does not brand the youngster as does a Jail term. So, in the solution of the punishment of the juvenile offender, it has its place, o In his speech during the celebration of the. hundredth birthday of the city of Washington, Senator Hoar compared the antiquity of European capitals with the youth of Washington. London he said, has been a center of civiliza tion for more than 1200 years; Paris the seat of government for thirteen centuries, Berlin, for nearly four. and Vienna for seven centur ies. "And yet," he added, "there one century more than three products of architecture that equal the Capitol the Washington monument and the Congressional library." Travelers who have seen all of the world's capital cities almost always remark that Washington has an incomparable fair ness. Not so old. not so crowded with historical monuments, not so richly stored with art and museus treasures as her older sister cities, but having a beauty distinctly her own and a beauty promising much in the genera tions to come. o Representative Brosius of Pennsyl vania lias .ntroduced a bill Into con gress providing that the number of reprectitatives should be kept at 357, the present number. He suggests that when a new state comes into the union it should be allowed one representative who should be added to the fixed num ber until the next reapportionment, when the number should be dropped to 357 again. The present house of rep resentatives is bulky enough according to Brosius's notions and in the future the total should not be increased, but only such changes In the apportion ment made as should be Indicated by the changes in population. It is a prob lem immediately before us with our immense strides in increase of popula tion. o Atlanta's sinning mayor has resign ed. According to a promise made to the city council. Woodward wrote out his resignation the first of last Septem ber, to have it all ready to hand In in case he took another drink before the expiration of his term of office, Jan uary the first. 1901. Woodward began drinking hard again and his resigna tion had to go in, but the council has not yet accepted it. Woodward's sins have created more of a sensation in Atlanta during his incumbency than any other sinner's sins in the city and have made his name notorious through out the land where usually a mayor's name and habits are not known out side of his own city. o The city hospital for contagious dis eases can perhaps be carried on more economically than it is at present. as also can the entire health depart ment of the city, but no citizen wants to see the health department seriously crippled in any of its parts, especially just at this time when a large influx of outsiders is expected. Vigilance in regard to maintaining the city's health is worth all it legitimately costs, and no attempt at saving money would be justifiable if made at the risk of per mitting the spread of contagious dis ease in El Paso. o The democrats begin to return to the fold. Ex-governor and ex-secretary of the interior Francis of Missouri may run for the United States senatorial toga, if the free silverite democrats of his state can forgive his lack of sympathy with them for the last eight years. With Bryan's defeat, dem ocrats all over the land are lifting up their heads in aspiration for public honors again. o The best New Year resolution El Paso could make, if it kept it. would be to pave all of the miserable, rough broken sidewalks that at present dis grace the city. However, such resolu tion were better left unmade than made and broken, for it will not profit the city to add to the pavements of the place that is already over paved with good intentions. The woman who attempted to kill Emperor William last month, is now safely lodged In an insane asylum. Her notoriety lasted but for the flash of one telegram around the world and then she is obscured for a lifetime among the Insane. o The pope has decreed solemn ob servances in the celebration of the end of the old century and the beginning of the new and permits special indul gences to repentant sinners who at tend mass the last night of the cen tury. There is an epidemic of hold-ups, bank robberies, and highway attacks all over the country, but It will be as a grain of sand In the Sahara compared to the plague of bills that will settle on the land the first of Jenuary. o A Pennsylvania woman claims a record of 833 pies baked during the year. Just after she said "yes," she promised to have a pie every meal af ter they were married and she has generously kept her word. o Grover Cleveland talks politics now that the election is over. He says that the democratic party has been wan dering off after strange gods and that the thing for it to do now is to return to straight democracy. o Lieutenant Hobson is on the mend and although he has been a foolish, headstrong youth in his hours of glory yet his country is glad that he may live to prove that his valor is his greatest part. o . England has her troubles. London this week is publishing what is called a "Sheldonized newspaper," to wit, one run in the same way that Sheldon j tried to run the Topeka Journal. A rubber trust Is to be formed to control the raw product and the cur ious would better beware how they stretch their necks or the trust will catch them. j o I The post offices, express' companies, railroads and steamships say that this is the biggest Christmas yet as far as exchange of greetings and presents go. Today is the shortest day of the year. The sun turns his face north again and makes a New Year's resolu tion to get up earlier in the morning, o The new century begins next Wed nesday, January the first, 1901, Editor Kohlsaat and Emperor Billy to the contrary notwithstanding. St. Louis is to try to make a spurt and complete her popular subscription of $5,000,000 for the Louisiana Pur chase Exposition. o Poor old Kruger, one cannot help but feel some lurking sympathy for him in these days of his lack of suc cess. Christmas Is in the air, in the shop windows, in the postoffice, and in the schools. o It is proposed to name the yacht j which shall race to keep the cup. the Eagle. o Kruger has not decided either to come to the United States or not to come. The average dentist spares no pains to make his diabolical work effective. o COMPULSORY ARBITRATION. At the recent meeting of the South ern Industrial convention H. F. Thompson, of Montgomery, secretary of the Southern Industrial convention, said he was glad of the opportunity to address the convention and to cor rect the impression caused by the dis torted reports of his testimony before the industrial commission last June. and which had a tendency to brand him as an enemy of labor. Mr. Thompson spoke in partas follows: "Labor and capital are inherent and co-equal factors In organized society as we find it today. It is possible to conceive of some remote perior in tne past when utilities were free and avail able to all alike, but as no such con ditions no wexist. nor can they be rele gated into any such primitive possi bilities, we must take these as essen tial and fixed ingredients of civilized life, and it seems to be that when that is done this problem of labor and cap- ..ai will be solved, for then neither will be permitted to claim exemption from those rules of government which apply to all other subjects. The troub.e is that both, through some tacit cus tom, which has so long been acquies- ceo in that it takes on the form and force of an unwritten law, which ap pears to have given to each a privi leged exemption from the realm of government. But remove that unwar ranted custom, and declare that these shall stand alike with all other citi zens, and the work of securing a prop er solution of this question will be fin ished. "As no one can now deliberately set about the evil of injuring another, why should labor or capital be exempt from this same requirement? Properly ap plied, existing principles and usages of government would no more permit in juries to be inflicted by either labor or capital, the one on the other, than it woulu permit it between any other j citizens. And when you do this you j have compulsory arbitration, just as ; ail others now have it. "Now let me prove this to you. If t any right is infringed, or any wrong ; is committed, affecting citizens under any form of government on earth, they can first settle it among themselves, j This is arbitration, pure and simple. But if they cannot thus settle it, they may not call in their neighbors, and hold a 'council of war' and then de cide to settle it vi et armis. No, they must resort, to the courts for a settle ment, and this is compulsory arbitra tion. Why should these differences between labor and capital be exempt from a similar rule? Compulsory arbi tration is therefore the eunciation of no new principle in jurisprudence, but only applying to labor and capital the same governmental power that is placed over all other citizens. " 'strike is a crime against society, just as much as a mob that takes a victim out of the custody of law and inflicts summary vengeance upon aim. So likewise is a 'lockout' to enforce a demand of capital against labor, .sup pose a person having the custody of another attempts to starve that per son into obedience of some demand, how long do you think it would be tol erated if found out? Not for a single moment. And so a 'lockout' to bring workmen to accept less than a living wage is starvation on a larger scale. and organized society should not per mit it. Again, society hangs a man that stops another on a public highway and takes his money, but it permits organized labor to commit a greater crime in the 'boycott.' Under this ban not only is the individual 'held up' and ms property sought to be taken from him, but even the innocent one who would furnish him with the necessar ies of life, is similarly injured, and yet we claim to live in a civilized and Christian land. Gentlemen of this con vention, should such things be pos sible under any form of government, much less under one claiming as we do to set a standard that the whole world should take for their guidance. "Is it not about time for us to vindi cate that claim, and before attempting to Christianize heathen lands do more missionary work here at home? The south is starting on an industrial ca reer which can make her snpreme in the industrial world, but before she may hope to reach that supremacy, she must take such action as will se cure her industrial peace." SS39DM very thing in Music A PI UNO FOR CHRISTMAS What more appropriate gift than a piano? It is something that adds much to the attrac tiveness of home, and aside from the entertaining part of it, is the refining influence that at taches to its presence. A Singer Piano, th only really high grade piano, sold at a medium price, is just the thing. Sold On easy payments when desired, of If there s no one that can perform on the piano, what's the matter with a Music Box or MandoUn or Guitar? I There are many surtable things in this store for those who wish to remember with . a gift. We have engaged the services of a first-class piano tuner from an eastern music house. All! or ders for tuning will receive prompt and careful attention. PIANOS T0NKD KKPOKKD KRNTKD W. G. Walz Co.; El Paso, Texas Elegant HOLIDAY Beautiful Booklet?, Holiday Papeteries, Statuettes and Bric-a-brac Manicure Sets. Purses and Pocketbooks, Fancy Picture Frames, , Etc., IOCS I am going out of the toy business entirely, so I closing out my dolls and toys at any price below cost. . It is a Pleasurs to show Goods M. H. WEBB, the Druggist 220 San oooooooooooootooooooooooooo OOOOCH3 001000000030000000000 ! CHRISTMAS Comes but Once a Year. But this is the year that you can save money on your presents by comin&r to us. Our entire stock of gents' furnishings will be closed out at cost. t A GLANCE AT- THE MAP offers nwi desirable resort for the summer (as well m i winter ootabiy 1 Guadalajara, Lake Ohapala, AffuasoaUentee, . which are his-h and dry where every day In the year la pleasant and every night co . . 1 Sunshine and Strawberries Every Day in the Year J . .... rs I mi nwi uu obw unrmtaw, apply SO w B. J, KTJHN, Commercial A rent, El Paso, Texas. MYAR OPERA HOUSE! X-mas Matinee and Night, Dec. 25, The Great New York City Farce Comedy Production, I Have You Seen Smith? One Solid Year's Run in New York City. 17 Farce Comedy Stars "Count Em" Replete with High Class Specialties, A Few of the Specialty Acts: The Gilbert Sisters, Clarke ft Ritchie, Virginia Earl, Tickets 50c, ISc and -THE- New City Directory I Now In Preparation. Ttll c-oniirv mtnv fenturee not blthi-!j included In directories of El Pao, and will be ooniileie in fv-ry reap". The new Directory . will be published b a hone cnjpMj sod the printing and binding cone by local printing houeca. El Paso Directory Co., J Pub'tsbera. rhe "STAR" Livery. Feed andSaie StaeslEr' 8 EST AND CHEAPEST RIGS IN CITY. NATORFFR.Prop. PHONEef Line of GOODS. Handsome Illlustrated Books, Cut Glass and Fine China, Teplitz Ware, Toilet Cases, Fine Pictures, Holiday Perfumes, Etc am Antonio Street ARTISTICALLY ATTRACTIVE. Permit us to suggest a Christ mas present which has en during value. Something which will not have lost its beauty or utility, five, or ev en ten years hence. OUR BUGGIES are made to wear. Every iece of material in their make up is excellent quality. Prices are quite low when the fine workmanship and finish is considered. H. P.NOAKE. ntFe& W. Overt tnd 9u 8 & I t 104 El Paso St. OF MEXICO wll. aou jou iai the MIA .' ICAN CENTRAL RY. all of h J Iinpo'tMt points of Mexico. The table k ' land of Mexico travei-bctf o lu entirety bV 17 Famous Buskey Family ef Ac bats, Pagen ft Cunningham, Watson ft Wilson. $1.00. On sale at Susen's. t t w i