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EL. PASO DAILY HERALD. FRIDAY. MARCH 13. 1901.
PART TWO. THE DAILY HERALD Pmbllsbed Every Evening Except Sun day by the Herald News Company, EL PASO, TEXAS. fcJTTLE PLAzX TELEPHONE 115. An Independent Republican NEWSPAPER. WLlgld Enforcement cf Existing Lawa Is the First step Towara mu nicipal Reform H. D. SLATER. Editor and General Manager. I. L. WEBBER, Ass't. Gen. Manager. H. L. C A PELL, Business Manager. JOHN SNEED, City Editor. C. C. WATSON. Special Representative. ntered at the Postofflce In El Paso, Texas for transmission through the mails at second class rates. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION: Daily, o.ne year $7.00 Dally, six months 3.50 Daily, three months 1.75 Daily, one month .. r. t 60 Weekly, six months 1.00 Weekly, three months 50 TO ADVERTISERS: In order to insure prompt changes in advertising, copy for same should be at the business office not later than 10 a. m. ADVERTISING RATES: Rates of advertising In The Daily or Weekly HERALD will be made known upon application at the busi ness office. Those who prefer can have a reprcsntative of the busi ness department call upon them, who will quote prices and make contracts for space. Call telephone No. 115. Clasified advertisements for locals, ten cents per line for first insertion and Ave cents for each additional inser- tion. Special rates upon five hun dred or one thousand lines of local, to be used in one month, will be furnished upon application. The Daily HERALD is delivered by carrier in El Paso, Texas, Juarez, Mexico, and at the El Paso smelting works, at fifteen (15c) cents per week, or sixty (60c) cents per month. ftubscribers falling to get the HERALD regularly or promptly should call at the office or telephone no 115. All complains will receive prompt at tention. THE REPORTS OF PLAGUE IN SAN FRANCISCO. A day or two ago Assistant Secretary Spaulding of the United States treas ury department gave out a statement in which he said: "The published reports of the exis tence of bubonic plague in San Fran cisco should excite no alarm there or in the country at large. The plague is not epidemic there, and I do not believe it will be. I would feel as safe living in San Francisco as in Washington. "The traveling man and business man can communicate as safely with San Francisco today as a year ago. The treasury department is fully ad vised of the situation and speaks with confidence in denying occasion for alarm exists on account of the health conditions in San Francisco." What the truth is about the alleged bubonic plague in San Francisco no body seems to know positively, and the fellows that have the most rel able opinion, the treasury experts, will not tell. Why there should have been this peculiar air of mystery and conceal ment for many months f Ubt is hard to say. The United States is not so care ful to conceal the knowledge of the ex istence of yellow fever, and the- work of the government in putting down this dread disease has been magnificent. Yet here is a disease that is said to be one of the most loathsome of all the mala dies that afflict mankind. Its existence in the western seaport has been rumor ed for a year past. Transcontinental commerce is sadly hampered by the re strictions imposed by' the health de partment of this great state. The gov ernment has a perfect right to ascer tain the facts and publish them to the world; and more than that, it would seem to be the duty of the government to find out the truth so as to let the people of the country at large know whether they can rely on the state ments and reports of the state authori ties of California. Now that the commission has made its investigation and is ready to report, the results should be given to the pub lic. Too much hangs upon it to permit further delay. As to San Francisco and the state of California, it is their manifest duty to turn in and clean up -Chinatown and establish an effective patrol and system of quarantine and isolation, so that there will be no pos sibility ol the fearful disease, whether it be the true bubonic plague or not, spreading over the country. No words are too strong to denounce the foolish course that has been pursued by that city and state, and the criminal inac tion of their authorities at a time when millions of dollars and perhaps human lives were at stake. o Sioux City. Iowa, is stirred up over slot machines. The anti-saloon league has demanded that all saloons where these thieving devices are in operation shall close, and the proprietors are rap idly taking the machines out. The war is also directed against the slot ma chines in, cigar and drug stores, that is, the gambling devices, not the legiti mate penny-sale machines. It i3 a good thing for reformers to remember always that tbey are going up against a powerful, wealthy, strongly intrench ed, perfectly organized concern when they attack any of the gross evils of the day. In fighting a saloon you are fighting the whole whiskey and beer trade, with hundreds of millions of dol lars behind it. In fighting gambling you are going against the liquor trade and the playing card trust. And so on, right through the gamut. It is or ganization all along the line, organiza tion and unlimited money, on the side of evil, while on the other side there is as a rule neither money nor organi zation, neither enthusiasm nor selfish motives to boost the drooping spirit. Hence the story of successive failures. Sharpshooters never yet won a battle. It takes numbers, organization, and competent generalship. This is one thing in which a losing campaign is a distinct- loss to the cause. The loss in morale affects the whole body of re form forces, and the gain in boldness and strength is all to the forces that win the fight. Reforms that go off at half cock are more dangerous to their backers than they are to anybody else. o A preacher played a novel role as a match maker at Kansas City the other day. A young man was very anxious to wed a girl only seventeen years old. The Missouri officials refused to issue a license to tne coupie owing to me youth of the girl. The minister came to the rescue, and so anxious was he for his fee that he reasoned and argued the young man into an unusual pro ceeding. The preacher told the youth that in the event of trouble it would be a good thing to have some uncertainty about the exact place where the mar riage took place, and accordingly the party went to the center of the inter state bridge. Here, with the groom and the minister in Kansas and the girl standing exactly astride of the boundary line, the ceremony was per formed. Thus half the girl was mar ried in Kansas and the other half in Missouri. The groom was a little in doubt about the legality of this ar rangement until the minister assured him that he would be married to both halves of his wife. His reasoning was conclusive.. He said that if he were marled to only one half of the girl the twain would only be three-quarters in stead of one, which is manifestly illog ical and unbiblical. All over the country this year has witnessed a revival in building oper ations that affords most gratifying proof of the general prosperity of 'the people. The month of February pre sents some remarkable figures, which are worth printing here. The table shows the number of new buildings commenced In the month of February in 1900 and 1901, and the cost. Kansas City shows the most notable propor tionate increase, nearly 300 per cent, while New York City comes next with an increase of 231 per cent, Chicago, with 218, and Milwaukee, with 199. be ing close behind. The exact figures follow: Feb. 1900 Feb. 1901. City No. Cost- No. Cost New York 431j$12,363.675 332 $3,733,482 Brooklyn.. 3571 1.511,618 352 795.290 Chicago.. .247f 1.538.830 108" 484,300 St. Louis.. 202 686,644 153' 534,478 Milwaukee 57 529,260 43 177.125 Kansas Cityl93j 511.430 105 131,150 Buffalo.. .. 74 409.056 80 191.215 Pittsburg.. 189 399.856 981 224.400 Seattle.. ..4251 341,663 163 204.195 Detroit.. .. 89 154.800 73 93.900 N. Orleans 107) 129.881 57 45.244 1 1 1 237$18.576.7131564 $6,618,785 Totals o They have just had a terrific fight in Topeka over the question of law en forcement, especially with regard to the liquor laws. The fruits of Mrs. Nation's work are appearing in many places, and one grand outcome of her savaeery has been tne awakening oi the women to a sense of their respon sibilities. It is not everywhere that the woman can vote, but woman's in fluence is enormous even without the power of the ballot in her hands. In Topeka the women turned out in force to the polls, anil the entire law en forcement ticket was nominated in the republican primaries by a majority of more than a thousand. The politicians are scared up. and the leaders and the newspapers generally troncede that It was the women that saved the day. and that have got to be reckoned with hereafter until they relapse into their former apathy. The good ship Oregon is coining home. The new battleship Wisconsin will take her place in the Asiatic fleet. The Oregon will have to go into dock at the Puget Sound naval station for1 re pairs. She was only temporarily patch ed up at the Japanese docks at Kiire after running on the rocks and tearing If a woman is physically miserable and mentally unhappy, the child she bears will, in face and form, as well as in disposition, reflect her own condt tion. livery woman who anticipates motherhood ought to think ot tins ana be a fairy irodinot.her to her own child. en-lowing it with health, beauty, and a happv disposition The m-nal misery oi th" prospective mother is in general the result of her physical condition. She is nervous, her appetite fails, she cannot sleep. Re store her appetite, quiet her nerves and give h?r sl.-ep and she liecoities a new woman. " It has ni-ide a new woman of me, is the constant tes timony of women who have usl Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, ft tranquil ires the nerves, encourages the appetite and induces refreshing sleep. It e s t a b- li sheii regularity, dries weakening arainb, tieals in flammation and ulceration female weakness. .nd cure 'IHirinj th first month, when I fftoked for ward o maternity. I co-ild not Icrer, anvthinff on tuy -stomach." write Mrs. II. C. Audenon, of Votith Rr,tain. riew Haven Co.. Conn. aso wnk that I went to bed on the 28th of June and ever got up till the first of August. I tried different doctor, but with little ben-lit. I read bout many b-ina; helped by using: your medi cine, so I tnotijrht I would Rive it a trial. I be gan to take vour Favorite Prescription ' in No vetnber. and I had a nice little baby girl in February following. My baby weigfied over eight pounds. I was only ill for about one hour, and got along nicely during confinement. Was up and dressed on the eighth day. I never had the doctor with me at all: just the nurse and one or two friends. Mr friends thought I was sick a very short time. This makes mv second child. With the first one I did not take ' Favorite Pre script ion. The little one iived just about two months, and she was sick all the time. This last baby is as plump and healthy as any mother could wish." Dr. Pierre's Pellets cure constipation. her side. However she Is still one of the proudest of our boats and her of ficers think that she can be repaired and be as seaworthy and gallan. as ever. The American people look upon the Oregon as something almost hu manly heroic and successful, and as having a distince personality, and would be loath to think her vitally in jured. o Massachusetts has a very painful and curious case of a girl being scared al most to death. A seventeen year old girl of Wallingford was scared by a boy playmate and has since been in a trance-like condition from which .the physicians cannot arouse her. They stuck pins into her feet and hands and she was immovable. She has made no sign of consciousness since the scare. The young fellow who scared her is being sued for $10,000. Nowadays one may not have an accident or injury without straightway trying to get the money's worth of it out of somebody, o The Methodist bishop of New Jersey has denounced "Quo Vadis", David Ha rum. and the board walks at sea side resorts as the crying evils of our day. If all the denouncers of our day should arm themselves with hatchets and at tempt to carrienationize away the evil that they see or think they see, the world would be considerably more dis figured and battered than it is now with cyclones, railway accidents, fires, dynamite explosions, and floods under mining and mutilating it. -o- Russia. despite her immense terri tory of fertile acres and the big crops, suffers frequently by wide spread fam ine. Today her peasants are dying by the thousands of hunger and typhus. Famine and cold reign supreme, and the White Czar, despite his wealth and power, cannot cope with them. Russia does- not seem to be able to learn how to avoid or relieve a famine. Each one to avoid or relieve a famine. Each new one Is as distressing as the last. Only a vast network of railroads will solve the problem. Paris's latest and unusually sanguin ary duel is being fought between two royalists. Deroulede and M. Buffet, the , leans. Deroulede is at Barcelona, Buffet at Brussels, from which cities they exchange insulting and blood thirsty challenges. They threaten to' meet in parts with pistols and eoffee but no one expects more than the usual Paris duel an exchange of passes with rapiers with a "pinking" as a remote possibilty. o The negroes are about to make an other experiment in the way of an in dustrial school and manufacturing plant. Fourteen hundred acres of land at Cape May have been secured, and farms will 1m? allotted to colonists from New Jersey. North Carolina, and Virginia. None but negroes will be al lowed to work on the place in any ca pacity. o A German physician has assured the world; that matrimony prolongs life. which Is good news, since most people marry sooner or later. He uses fig ures to prove that the per cent of deaths among the priests who vow ce libacy is higher than among ordinary men and that suicides are oftener un married than married. o Italy is still under the snows, and all Europe is freezing with unusually cold weather, and from one end of the world to the other El Paso is the only place that has had a comfortable winter. r Count Von Waldersee has been called off from further operations of war in China. i6f Surveys and Reconnaissances in the Great Southwest by Officers of the United States Army Half a Century Ago. REPORT OF A RECONNAISSANCE OF A ROUTE FROM SAN ANTONIO VIA FREDERICKSBURG. TO EL PASO. TO OBTAIN INFORMATION IN REFERENCE TO A PERMA NENT MILITARY ROAD FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO TO EL PASO. BY LIEUTENANT F. T. BRYAN. (Continued from Yesterday.) July 3. twentieth day. Left our camp on Dove creek this morning at 6 o'clock and rode about three miles to a small branch, which crosses the trail. This was Good Spring creek: the water was pure and very cold. Our course now is due west, occacionally diverging from it to avoid a spur of the hills, or to head an arroyo. The line forming the Pass-in-mountains and Green mounds is due east and west. From the half way point between Dove creek and Li- pan Camp creek, the twin mountains bear north 45 degrees east. Pass-in- mountains bear west from Brady's creek (ahead.) These two are land marks, scarcely mistakeable. Arrived today at the main Concho about three 'clock. The country at Green mounds rocky and broken, but did not offer much difficulty to the passage of the wagons. After passing Green mounds. the country becomes a rolling prairie. The grass all along our route today and yesterday appeared dry and burnt up. offering but little sustenance to our animals. We fell in. on the banks of the Concho, with the emigrant road to California, which we expected to find at the Green mounds. It lies to the south of Green mounds. July 4. twenty-first day. Marched three miles today, merely to change camp, and And good grazing for the mules. July 25. twenty-second day. Started this morning at 7 o'clock, and got into camp on the banks of the Concho at 1 clock. Crossed the river at nine miles from camp this morning. It runs here in a northeast direction. One mile further, crossed the north fork of the Concho. At four. six. and fourteen miles from camp, we crossed deep ar royos. running north into the Concho; these, however, presented no difficulty. At the Green mounds this road was isible to us; but as it was to the south of us. we continued on the trail we were following until we arrived on the Concho, where the wagon road is deeply marked on the prairie. The river is reached at seven miles from Green mounds, but the road follows the southern and eastern bank for twelve miles before crossing. For the last two days wood has been very scarce: graz ing only tolerable, the grass being parched and dry. The water of the Concho is good, affording catfish, trout, etc. July 6. twenty-third day. Road to day continues hard and excellent, hav ing hills on both sides. Here rocks ap pear statifled. as also at Kickapoo creke. strata carrying from six to eigh teen inches in thickness: rocks are limestone. Today came to the head of the river: it rises in a valley between two ranges of hills, in low, swampy, ground, appearing in pools, covered with leaves like those of lotus plants. .Grazing here is pretty good: some tim- I hr to lw hart r HUtunoo from thn water. July 7. twenty-fourth day. Left head of Concho this morning at 7 o'clock, and traveled twenty miles over a hard, smooth, and level road to this place, where there are two water holes of large size. Country over which the road lies is situated between two rang es of hills of small elevation, and is ex tremely destitute of wood. For the first nine miles there was plenty of water standing in holes, but not per manent: after that there was none un til we came to camp. The country is extremely dry: grazing very indiffer ent. July 8. twenty-fifth day. Came today twenty-two miles to the Wild China ponds, which were entirely dry. Hills and mountains appear on our left and in front: country around us rolling prairie: no water today, and obliged to camp without it. Five miles from our camp, of yesterday morning. Connelly's trail leaves the road, bearing to the southwest. There is. probably, abun dance of water at these water holes during the rainy season: the ground above them is soft, moist, and springy, offering n chance for finding water at no great depth. Today and yesterday, saw large droves of mustangs. Soil to day is light and sandy: grazing good, but no wood. July 9. twenty-sixth day. Arrived in camp on the Pecos river at 1 o'clock to day, having left the Wild China ponds at four this morning. At Gap water. In the Caette mountain, thirteen miles from the camp, we found a little dirty and brackish water, which sufficed to water our mules, hut was unfit for anv other purpose. The road runs through a pass in the mountain; this pass is very winding, and goes down very deep into the mountain, the rocks rising to several hundred feet above It. The 4 road through this place was cleared for us by California parties which had pre ceded us, so that our wagons came through without difficulty. Between Wild China and Caette mountain, high mountains appear to the south and the southwest. Leaving Caette mountain, the road passes over an exceedingly barren country, sandy, and producing scarcely anything but prickly pear. This continues to the Pecos, which is not visible until you come directly upon it, itsbanks not being marked by trees or anything different from the surroun ding plains. To the southwest, high mounds and table lands appear. The road bears to the southwest, crossing many large Indian trails, all of which bear southwest. July 10. .wenty-seventh day. Spent today in crossing the Pecos, which was accomplished by making a raft of spare wagon tongues and hounds, floated by empty water casks. Everything was thus safely taken over. The Pecos here Is a muddy stream, of dark red color, and. running through the plains, has very much the appearance of a canal. The prairie does not change in appear ance in the least as you approach the river, and one is immediately on the river before he is aware of its proxim ity. The crossing which we used is known as the "Horse Head Crossing" no doubt from the number of horses' heads which lie scattered near. The soil here is very light, like ashes, and a camp soon becomes intolerable espe cially in windy weather. Grass here is coarse and hard, and appears to have but little nourishment. There is no wood at all to be had. The banks where we crossed were low. and tolerably firm: but this must be the case only in dry weather. In other places where we approached the water, horses sunk to the girth in the boggy soil, which was of most tenacious clay. July 11, twenty-eighth day. Spent today on the west bank of the Pecos, in order to give men and animals some time to recruit. Soil on this side same as on the other, being very light and dry. and moved into clouds of dust by every breath of wind. The grazing is somewhat better, than on the eastern bank .but still orily tolerable. July 12. twenty-ninth day. Left the camp this morning at 6 o'clock, and marched about five miles over the same flat and desolate prairie: afterwards the country became covered with thick ets and chaparral, and then continuing to alternate between chaparral and prairie, more or less open. The river continues on our right, our course hav ing been west and northwest. The cur rent Is quits swift, but not as much as that of the river at San Antonio. The banks continue to be so high that it is necessary to water the animals by the means of buckets. When cut away, they become boggy. Our present camp is a mezquite chaparral In a bend of the river. Grazing today tolerable. July 13. thirtieth day. Country to iay seems as yesterday the ground, here and there, being covered with sa line efforescence. This appears at ev ery few yards along the road, impreg nating the water and the grass. At six miles from camp we came to the falls of the Pecos, where the water tumbles over several steps of rocks. The total fal lis about ten feet. Near our camp tonight there is a pond containing very pure and clear water, but it is also very salt. Wild fowl abound in this vicin ity. The river is crossed here by sev eral Indian trails. At this point the depth Is about five feet; bottom of gravel, firm and hard. Our fuel today is mezquite brush. Grazing pretty good. July 14. thirty-first day. Road today went through a kind of ravine, the sides being of red sandstone and clay, in thin layers. The soil of the road next becomes sandy, and then full of lime, varying every few miles. At ten miles from camp the river bends into the road : and in the valley there is very good grazing, and easy access to the water. Two miles from this place, we crossed a very small stream, or lather succession of water holes, for the water was not running. This we supposed to be Toyat creek, from its situation. The water was very salt. Ground here was broken, and in wet weather must be boggy. On the left of the road, further on. there is a succes sion of pools of very salt water. Country here is more rolling, and more covered with brushwood than near the Horse Head crossing. July 15. thirty-second day. Started this morning at 6 o'clock, and came to this camp, twenty-two miles, through a country which, for the first four miles, is somewhat hilly and uneven, and then becomes a level plain, on which there is very good grazing. At twelve miles from camp, come to a pond of extreme ly salt water, which extended to our right for three miles. At fifteen miles from camp, struck a range of hills of small elevation, running along the road on the left. Country, except for these hills, rolling prairie. Encamped at 3 o'clock in a horse-shoe formed by the river, where there was very good graz ing, but no wood. July 16, thirty-third day. Left this morning at 6 o'clock, and marched over a hard, flat road to this camp, a SOME OLD RECORDS. distance of sixteen miles. A great part of this road was of sandy soil, and some of it of clay. On our left the ridge of hills still accompanied us. ? The Pecos is on the right all of the way, and always within about a mile of the road. Our course has been var iable. as the road follows the bend of the river, which is extremely crooked, and full of "horse-shoes." The gen eral direction is north 35 degrees west. JC July 17. thirty-fourth day. Came to- ' day fourteen miles to Saline creek: where, not finding good and sufficient grazing for the animals, we left the road, and again came to the Pecos, to a place where the grass was tolerable. Banks were high and steep, so that we were obliged to resort to buckets for watering animals, as everywhere else " on this .liver. Country now becomes hilly, and the road is more sandy. For the first two miles the road was soft and boggy; afterwards, as the country becomes, high, the road runs alternately over nara. stony ground and sandv soil. Saline creek was entirely dry where we crossed it. though the guide states there is plenty of water some -miles nearer its head. The ground in ' the vicinity is covered with efflores-' cence of salts. Hills appear now on both sides of the river the road some times running over them, and some times betwen them and the river. July 18. thirty-fifth day. Left camo this morning at 7 o'clock, and march- ed for ten miles over a prairie more or less undulating. Three miles from camp we came to the first of those I deep, precipitous ravines, which mark upper pans or mis sinuous course. After the first ten miles, the road en ters the hills, through which it winds in all directions, the general course be- , ing north 60 degrees west. The road today is even and hard, and mostly over limestone. In ' several places the earth had caved in, presenting the ap pearance of unfinished wells. The bills are bare and stony; no trees on the route. Encamped at 2 o'clock on Del aware creek, sixteen miles from ,the Pecos. Grazing here is excellent; the water of this creek is clear and beau tiful, but slightly impregnated with -sulphur. July 19. thirty-sixth day. Spent to day in famp, in order to recruit the animals, which are much fatigued. July 20. thirty-seventh day. En camped again today on the banks of the Deleware creek., after a march of 23 miles. The road leads through the , hills, and is very crooked indeed.- tak ing nearly all directions. Our general course is west to the southern point of Guadalupe. There are three high peaks of the Sierra Guadalupe which serve as landmarks for a great distance. The soil of the road is sometimes limestone and sometimes sand. Grazing today is very poor indeed, and very little wood to be had. Our camp is a small valley, where there are three fine springs; one is highly impregnated with sulphur, another with salts of soda, while the third is of the best and purest water. ' suited for the use of man and beast. Grazing in this camp is very good. July 21, thirty-eighth day. Our gen-V eral course continues west, .though we were obliged to take all directions . around the spurs of the mountains. Yesterday and today we saw the first dwarf cedars. Wood is very scarce in deed scarcely enough to cook with, and even that brought from a distance, and collected with much trouble. The road today lies very high, over ridges and spurs of the mountain, but is nev- ertheless very good. Ten miles from this morning's camp there is a deep ravine, where there is water in holes, but not permanent. Arrived at one o'clock at Independence spring, the water of which is very fine, being pure and cold. Here we found the first trees we have seen since we left the Concho. Grazing here is pretty good. , July 22, thirty-ninth day. Marched today six miles to a fine spring of pure cold water, at the foot of Guadalupe, and encamped. The spring is about one fourth of a mile to the right of the road in a corner of the mountains. r Here we found excellent grass for the -animals, good water, and fine large timber, of pine, cedar, serren etc. The camp was separated from the road by a rocky ravine, which cost us some trou ble to cross. The road today is firm and hard. and. as for several days past.x lies sometimes high on the ridges, and . then again follows the valleys. We are now at the foot of Guadalupe, and the mountains are covered with forests of large timber, and contain many springs of excellent water. July 23. fortieth day. Spent this day in camp, in order to recruit the ani- mats. (To Be Continued Tomorrow.) Pawn Brokers. Rail Road Ticket Brokers. Money Brokers, and Diamond Brokers. Silberberg Bros., the Brokers, 102 San Antonio street, next to First National Bank. Millions of people are familiar with DeWitt's Littl Eearly Risers and those who use them find them to be famous little pills. Never gripe. Fred Schae fer, druggfst.