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SOME OLD RECORDS. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 m 1 1 1 1 n 1 1 1 ii n FIRE SAL jL, PASO DAILY HERALD. SATURDAY, MARCH 16, 1901- 4 X mm Surveys and Reconnaissances in the Great Southwest by Officers of the United UKPORT OF A RECONNAISSANCE OK A ROUTE FROM SAN ANTONIO VIA FREDERICKSBURG. TO EL PASO. TO OBTAIN INFORMATION IN REFERENCE TO A PERMA NENT MILITARY ROAD FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO TO EL PASO. BY LIEUTENANT F. T. BRYAN". I Continued From Yesterday.) July 24. forty-first day. Left camp this morning at 5 o'clock, and cleared the rarine without trouble. About three miles from camp, came to a fine spring.to the right of the road, at the commencement of the descent of the first hill. The descent was very rough, and continued for about two miles down the mountain side. The road continued rocky and rough for seven miles, when it became smoother, and finally deep and sandy. At twenty miles we came upon a range of hills of pure white sand, extending some dis tance on the left of the road. At twenty-four miles, the dry bed of what seems to have been a salt lake appears. It is a perfectly smooth bed of white sand. The ground was covered with efflorescence of salt.- At 1 o'clock, ar- riveti at ujo del cuerpo. which is a spring of brackish water in the open prairie. The grazing Is very poor, and I here is no wood. We found a hole, dug under the bushes by some Califor nia party, which furnished us tolerable -water. The spring 01 Ojo del Cuerpo is quite strongly impregnated with euI phi'r. The road today has hern rough er than any we have had since leaving Fredericksburg. Course today north 70 degrees west: distance twenty-eight and a naif miles. July 25. forty-second day. Left camp today at 2 o'clock p. m.. and marched ! sixteen miles to a place on the prairie where we camped, without water. The grazing at this camp was excellent as well as for several miles back The road is excellent, being smooth and hard, and very level. We passed sev eral salt plains, and some lakes of very salt water, about three miles to our left. Some of these plains were dry beds of lakes, and composed of glittering white f-and. Reached this place at 6 o'clock in the evening, and encamped. There is no wood to be had here. The distance from Ojo del Cuerpo to Connedos del Alamo is thirty miles too long a march for one day: so we were forced to make two marches of it. July 26. forty-third day. Left camp this niornin gat 5 o'clock and march ed fourteen miles to the banks of Con nedos del Alamo, which were reached at Sifc o'clock. The road was veiy firm and hard, composed of gravel packed very closely, as wa.s the road yester day. Rattlesnakes and dog town again appear in great numbers. Road today is rather more hilly than yesterday; L mountains appear on all sides; course to this camp from Ojo del Cuerpo is west. The mountain here is nothing more than a mass of gigantic granite rocks, piled upon each other in every imaginable way. Water issues from the rock in several places. Outside of the mountain, several wells have been dug by California parties. These wells were full when we passed. Inside the mountain, in a cavern, there Is a fine large well of pure water: this is full to overflowing: the water is very cold and of good tlavor. Besides these places, there Is a large tank of water cn the western &ide of the mountain. Graz ing here is very good, and plenty of wood to be had. July 27. forty-fourth day. Marched today nine miles to Ojo del Alamo. The road is firm and good, leading through the hills. Wood is very scarce and grazing along the road only toler able. The water here is high up the mountain side, and is found in several tanks or wells, and is quite difficult to get at. on account of the steepness of the mountain. The wagons could not get nearer than four or five hundred yards. Wood is not to be had here at all. and scarcely even brush. Saw to day the Organ mountains, and Robbro and Sierra Colorado: they bear from this camp north 80 degrees west, and west. July 28. forty-fifth day. Marched today nineteen miles to the Waco mountain. The road was over rolling prairie, having high mountains on the right and left some distance from us. The water here is pure and good, and in great abundance: but it is very diffi cult of access, as it is in tanks high up on th? rocky side of the mountain, so lhat animals cannot get at it. nor can it be brought down to them in buckets. The road to this point is very good: the grazing along the "road was also good: but there is no wood at all to be had. : This mountain is romnosel of immense masses of granite, with very little earth to cover the rocks. In its immediate vicinity a few stunted trees may be found. Leaving this plac;. we passed throneh the sierra by a road leading mostly over the dry bed of a mountain torrent, now and then crossing ridges. The rocks rose perpendicularly on both sides, and were bare and stratified, so States Army Century Ago. as to have 'the appearance of regular courses and layers. Some of this rock was of blue limestone: others resem bled granite. This very rough road lasted for six miles, at the end of which we reached the Waco tanks, and en camped. The tanks are situated in caves of large masses of granite rock. There are several of these tanks con taining immense quantities of pure cold water. Grazing at this camp is good, and plenty of fuel is to be had. The tank at which we stopped is on the right of the road. There are others on the western side of the moutnains. July 2i. forty-sixth day. Today we arrived at the Rio Grande, opposite Is leta. after a march of twenty-two miles. The road for the first two or three miles is rolling and accompanied by spurs of the mountain. We left the direct road to El Paso about three miles from the Waco'tanks. as the guide re ported it impossible to obtain suste nance for animals opposite EI Paso. The road till within five miles of the river was of the deepest and most fa tiguing band. The country through which we passed was extremely barren: scarcely any vegetation, except a little brushwood. Near the river, limestone appears: but still ther is no more veg etation. On arriving at the river, the scene changes entirely. There is fine grazing in the bottom, and plenty of large cotton wood timber,, besides large cornfields, orchards, and vineyards. En camped cn the island, about one mile from the village of Isleta. In conclusion. I have to remark that the country from Fredericksburg to El Paso del Norte, by the route which I have traveled, .presents no obstructions to the easy passage of wagons. Grass and water may be had every day. with in marches of twenty-five miles, ex cept from the head of the Concho to the Pecos- a distance of sixty-eight miles. wnich is entirely without permanent water at present. The character of the do,,ut r tne success of attempts to : flnd water b means of wells, sunk at Pl,er intervals, me sun iu many P'aces is son ana moist, giving promise i of water at siigm iiepms. me re- mainder of the road is sufficiently well watered. In passing through the Gua dalupe mountains, we encountered two places which might be much improved by a working party, and one place in the Waco mountains though, as they stand .they may be passed without much difficulty. After ieaving Kiekapoo creek, and until arriving at the Concho, it would he well for parties taking this route to keep' farther to the north than we did. and thus avoid some of the spurs of the mountains lying on the south of Con- C'hO river. The route from Fredericksburg to El Paso might be shortened in several places, so as to lessen the distance at least fifty miles on one place, from Fredericksburg to the San Saba: one between San Saba and Brady's creek: and another between the Pecos and the Guadalupe mountains. To effect this diminution of distance would require a well to be sunk at each of three places between the spots mentioned. j , I have the honor to be verv resnect- fully, your obedient servant. Frank T. P.ryan. Brevet 1st Lieut. Top. Engineers. Lieut. Col. J. E. Johnston. TonograDhical Engineers. Account of distances from San An- tonio de Bexar to El Paso del Norte: I From San Antonio to various camps: Miles. 1st camp 14.34 1st camp. Salado water 3.14 1st camp. Misenbergs 4.11 2d camp. Post Oak springs 7.50 2d camp. Spring creek 4.40 2d camp. Sabinal creek 2.85 2d camp. Wasp creek 3.12 2d camp. Guadalupe river 4.60 3d camp. Sisters creek 0.34 4th camp. Grape creek. 13.22 4th camp. Piedernales 7.00 5th camp. Fredericksburg (camp) 5.05 6th camp. Banon creek 8.22 7th camp. Theudgills creek 15.14 8th camp. On Llano river 15.28 6th camp. Comanche creek . . . . 8.65 9th camp. Head of Honey creek.. 9.54 10th camp. N. bank of San Saba.. 11.11 11th camp. Head of Camp creek.. 4.85 12th camp. S. brnch of B'dy's c'k. 14.27 13th camp. On Bradv's creek 15.18 13th camp. H'd. of B'dy's creek.. 7.50 14th camp. Kiekapoo creek 13.73 15th camp. Li pan creek 11.60 16th camp. Antelope creek 11.20 16th camp. South Concho 4.12 lth camp. Dove creek 9.02 17th camp. Good Spring creek .... 3.43 17th camp. Lipan t'mip creek .. 5.35 17th camp. Green mounds 5.70 18th camp. Concho, or Blue river. 7.02 19th camp. On Concho.. . .' 2.85 19th camp. Crossing of Concho. . . 8.S1 19th camp. Dry Ravine 5.70 ?tth camp. On Concho 1.51 20th camp. Kioway creek 2.60 21st camp. H'd sp'gs of Concho.. 8.22 21st camp. Wate hol?s 8.80 22nd camp. Flat Rock ponds 11. 69 23rd camp. Wild China ponds 21.85 23rd camp. Castle mountain 12.54 24th camp. F. bank of Pecos .... 13.00 25th camp. W. bank of Pecos- 0.00 26th camp. On Pecos 19.31 26th camp. Falls of Pecos l2.9S Half a 27th camp. On Pecos 9.9C 28th camp. On Pecos 16.2 29th camp. On Pecos 22.08 30th camp. On Pecos 16.02 31st camp. On Pecos 14.42 32d camp. On Delaware creek . . 16.05 33d camp. On Delaware creek 23.50 34th camp. Independence spring. . 16.53 35th camp. Guadalupe spring.... 5.54 36th camp. Ojo del Cuerpo 28.21 37th camp. On prairie 14.85 38th camp. Connedos del Alomn . 13.30 39th camp. Ojo del Alamo 9.14 39th camp, Waco mountains 19.05 40th camp. Waco tanks 6.42 41st camp, Rio Grande de Isleta.. 21.54 Total distance from San Antonio de Bexar to 41st camp 638.02 (Continued Monday.) A MODEL KANSAS CITY. As Near Perfection as a Frontier Town Can Well Be. From the New York Sun. It has been for years a source of ex treme gratification a matter of con tinuous self-congratulation that we were permitted to spend agreat part of our life in a town that is neer coarse. vulgar or slomicky. In early days it was not unfashionable to snuff the can dle with a revolver at bed time, but the revolver was always silver-mounted, and it was not considered impolite for one to ride into a saloon and take one's drinks' on horseback, for when people were m a hurry, they didn t have time to dismount and hitch between drinks When saloon were going, while other towns had half a dozen. El Dorado had but one or two. It has from the first absorbed its stimulants, but it always did it quietly and in moderation, and it always gets the very best to be had. If it is wine it is the native product of the j purest Burgundy. I he town has always plaed poker. but It does it on carpeted flooors, with genuine ivory chips, while the high art m-mrt-s on ine wans are suniclently urnped so as not to offend the eye of me stranger, i ne town was never a four-flusher. Another commendable characteristic if the place is tha it is clean. It never neglects to regularly wash and scrub itself and change its lingerie and its linen.1 While it seeks first the king dom of heaven, it gets ready to be a successful seeker by a vigorous appli cation of soap and water. Drummers say the town buys more high-priced soap than any other place in the state. The town not only dresses well, but it feeds artistically as well as scientifical ly. In fact. it. is a nlace where trnfflles ri!nr tnlmfrk T?ntiiefrti-t firwl .haf. in ,iishes are the reeular thine. I No gulf products are ever sold here: black bass. shad, bluefish. and the blue points from the north go readily. Yel lowish, reddish, stringy beef is never hung in the butchers' stalls: spring pullets sans pedigree remain uncalled for and the El Dorado skillet is never greased when the charcoal broiler can suusiiiutea ana wnen it is greased il is w,th the home Product, tested, in i . -. ... ... spected and O. K'd by the oldest and j most experienced judges of the art of j sensible and polite feeding. In church, j club and society life the piety, brll I liancy and refinement on parade is phenomenal Eliminate a few people a very few people and a pocketbook full of bills dropped anywhere on the street would be returned to its owner in an hour. Eliminate a very few people and the "Danks would need no time locks, public and private buildings no locks or keys. Kliniinate a few people a precious few and the 4000 remaining would not only daily and hourly live up to a strict construction of the golden rule, but would at the same time acknowl edge the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man. And. perndven ture. there bo a few remaining who cannot or will not live up to the high ideals daily set by their fellow-citizens and will not be good, should we be called hence no sooned do we cross the river Styx than we shall make it our pleasurable duty to call the atten tion of the saint at the gate with the keys to the unblessed town from which we so reluctantly too kpassage. dwel ling enthusiastically and at length up on the. fact that it was born, nurtured, and matured in a circumscribed millen nium, where the devil was never un chained or ever permitted io roam around seeking whom lie might devour, where, in fact, he c:in never put up a claim that lie w;ts ever accorded even standing-rcom. Of co'irse it is to us a never-ending joy to be permitted to live in such a lovely town. We have no ambition to fc-o elsewhere, no desire for life iu a biz city. We do. however, have an ev er present wish that the town shall go to COOrt or 80(l) that is. provided they are of the same character ami standing of those who an- already here. nverybody read The Herald. Everybody- will read YOUR advertisement if j-ou put it in the "POPULAR WANTS." Pianos, $195 Pianos, 225 Pianos, 375 Pianos, 400 Pianos, 450 Pianos in any style ofx finish. J Pianosatthe Piano House? I W.G.WALZ J f Company. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4- If You want io and a mas ace don't see him on th treats, eo to the Gem- Billiard Rooms The . . Gentlemen's Resort. . . NOUN v Route. For tha North'-'East, Via MEMPHIS OR ST.L0UIS la Pullman Buffet Steeping Cars riiis is the Short and Quick Line, And Hours are Saved Br Purchasing lour Tickets via this Rooi For further information, apply to Tick 4jteata ol Connecting Lines, or to J. C. Lewfs. Traveling Pass'r Atfit. Austin, Tea r. TOWSSESD. . P. and T. 1.. ST. LOFte Through Train Service BUT WEEN EL PASO and CAPITAN Kl Paso & Northeastern Railway Co. AND Uamogordo & Sacramento M'nt'n By. ft WHITE OAKS ROUTE. TIME TABLE NO. 6. (Mountain Tlmal Train Leaves El Paso 10:30 a. n Arrives Alamojrordo. .... . 2:35 p. m Arrives Oapltan 3:0C p. as Train Leaves Capitaa 8:00 a. m Arrives Alamoirordo 12:20 p. n Arrives El Paso 5:00 p. n (Dally Except Sunday) Stage Connections. At Talaroaa For Mescalero Indian Aga. if and a an Andrea mining region. A l Uarrlaoaa For Wblve Oaka. Jlcartlla 4a!ilna and aurroundto? country At Walnut ITor NoRal. At Oa ill tan For Kt Stanton banltarlun. Lincoln. Rlchardaon. Kuldoao mmt beni to country. For In format!" n of anv kind regarding lh railroada. or tl country adjacent thereto 2a 1 1 on or write -o A. 8 UREItt ? o'l SiiD't A Traffc Mgr., AlamuKordo. n. tr H. ALKXANDER a't Ueo'l F. ft P. A St.. AlamoROrdo. a The Pecos System Pecw Valley Jt Northeastern Ry Co., Pecos & Northern Texas Ry.Co., Pecos River R. R. Co. Entirely North of the Quarantine Line. A NEW ROAD OPFMN A NKVT COUNTRY. Now Towns! New Opportunities! Stations from Roswell east are within thirty to thirty-five hours of Kansas feed lots and no need o unloading stock in transit. Shipping stations on the line in per fect order. Portales, Bovina, Here ford and Canyon City can accommo date with feed and water b,000 to 10,000 head of catle each. Bona-flde setters wanted. Every ef fort will be made by the railway to assist them. An abundance of water! Rich soJ Cheap lands! Quick transportation and fair, honest rates. For particulars as to the various open ings in the Pecos Valley and its neighborhood, address D. H. NICHOLS, Gen. Manager, or E. W. MARTINDELL, Q. F. & P. A., RoswelL N. M. Amarillo. Tex. 39noil HOTEL Solid Oak Sets, Waedrobes . . 6.00 " Box Seat Chairs . 1.50 And other articles at less than one-half their worth. SOUTHERN SUNSET 3 a tt3 The Best l. -v. c ia Nothing Superior to the "Sunset-Central Special' or Pull- 1 1 1 . uictu oLiuuiru ana excursion sleeping Car Ser vice, operated via Sunset Route and its Con nections between all Points North, East, outheast and West ASK TICKET AGENTS FOR PARTICULARS S. F. B. MORSE, Pass. Traf. Mgr., Houston. Texas. TAKE 44 THE Cannon Ball Leave El Paso Daily 6:50 A. M., City Time. Solid Vestlbuled Train Thronghont. Latest Pattern Pullman Buffet Sleepers. Handsome New Chair. Cars Seats Fret Direct Connections Made for Ail Points in he Northeast and Southeast. For descriptive pamphlet, or any further information call on, or address- it r. DaKBVDHIKB, R. W. OOKTIS. a. w p. a., ki rato, , t. p. a., an Fast M. P. TOKKBK, U. P. A... OaUma No Trouble To Answer Question-" -A Q LANCE AT- THE MAP Mexican Centra Ry oilers most desirable resorts for the summer (as well as t winter) notabl) Guadalajara, Lake Chapala, Agruasoalientes, which are hgb and dry where every day in the year is pleasant aod evarr nipbt eo Sunshine and Strawberries Every Day In the Year". "or nMi and other tnfarmattoo. uy.3f . B. J. KUHN, Commercial Arn Fi P.. 7. tlanta & New .Orleam Short Line. Atlanta & West Poim RAILROAD COMPANY. -AS1- 2g Western Ry . of Ala THE cilORTEST LINE BETWEEN ATLANTA AND NFW ORLEANS. Operate Magnificent Vestibuled Trains Between Atlanta and Montgomery, Mobile and N w Orleans, at which latter point close and direct connec tions are made for ALL TEXAS, MEXICO AND CALIFORNIA POINTS. In Addition to This Excellent Through Train and Car Service These railroads offer most favorable accommodations and inducements to their patrons and residents along their line. Any one contemplating a change of home can find no location more at tractive nor more conducive to pros perity than is to be found on the line cf these roads. "THE HEART OF THE SOUTH," A beautifully illustrated book giving detailed information - s to the induce ments and attractions along these lines, can be had upon application to the undersigned, who will take pleas ure in giving all desired information. B. P. WYLY, Jr., R. E. LUTZ. G. P. & T. A.. Traffic Mgr., Atlanta. Ga. Montgomery, Ala. CHAS. A. WICKERSHAM, Pres. and Gen'l. Mgr Atlanta, Ga. Have you anyhting U exchange? Say so in The HeraM's POPULAR WANTS. PIERSON FURNITURE. 3 pieces - $16.00 Sale at 317 St. Louis Street, in D. R. Francis Building - - . - mrv - SERVICE IN THE SOUTH L. J. PARKS. O. P. ft T. A.. Houston, Texas. 9 TRAIN and save TIME OP- MKXIOO will show yon thai the MIX ICAN CENTRAL RY. reaches all of sh Important points of Mexico. The tabl land of Mexico traversed 'n Its entirety b There is Something to See Along the The Only Scenic fioutc North and TfteQoicktnd Most Comfortable way to the Mississippi or Missouri Rivers anji beyond. RAILROAD RESTAURANT AND CAFE CAR SERVICE UNEQUALED IN AMERICA. THE LINE TO THE LAND OF Lead and Zinc. Write to Room No. 726 Century Building, St. Louis, for one of our illustrated pamphlets, entitled ",Th Top of the Oxarks." Frathers and Fins on tht Frtsro." Fruit Farmitttr Along ine Frisco." "ne Ozark Uplift." 'There is Something to See Along tk Frisco Line." The most comprehensive railroad literature for the home-seeker, In vestor or traveler ever distributed gratuitously. OFFICES: 259 Main Street, ... Dallas. 1 02 W. Commerce St., San Antonio.