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EL. PASO DAILY HERALD. MONDAY. MARCH 18. 1901.
PAGE SIX. An Old-Timer in Mountains- -....r. COU. intu.-M.N wituie. i" THE EL PASO HERALD FOUR- . . TEKX YEARS AGO FROM WES - TiriN.wmi-a m-a ' V Tells an Interesting Story of His , life Away off from uivinzaiion Where they l."se Bar Silver Instead of Money, and Where they Have Never een a Thing With Wheels. Spec ial to The Herald. CHIHUAHUA. Mex.. March 15. The Herald correspondent had an interview with a gentleman who was correspon dent for The Herald in the western part of this state fourteen years ago. He Is Theodore A. P. Bronn. one of the most highly educated as well as the most peculiar characters in Mexico. When he learned that The Herald had a correspondent here Mr. Bronn hunted him up at Hotel Robinson and made himself known. "I was correspondent for that paper In western Chihuahua fourteen years ago." said Mr. Bronn. "and am always anxious to meet any member of the force. The last Etory 1 sent The Her a!d was the murder of an old German baron in the Sierra Madres in 1888, Mr. Itronn was born of a German fathtfr and French mother in Chili raised in Oakland, California, and has lived in Mexico for twenty-three years He went to Mexico prospecting for mines twenty-three years ago ana found a rich silver mine about 150 miles west of the present site of Mi naca. the western terminus of the Chi huahua and Pacific railroad. He set tled down there and began working his nronertv and has been there ever since. Onlv once since then has he been in El Paso and has gone to Chihuahua but four times during that time. He is here now for the first time In eight vpars. Snnn after opening his mine. Mr. Bronn married one of the charming daughters of the Sierra Madres. He now has six children all of whom have spent all their time at the mines witn Mm. He came to Chihuahua this week to sell his silver and brought his oldest ton. who is fourteen years old. here to school. When- he reacnea ruinaca a few days ago the boy saw his first ve hicle with four wheels, tie naa nveu for fourteen years in the heart of the Sierra Madres and had never heard the whistle of a-locomotive, never, saw a rniir.vhociMl earriaee of any kind and had only seen two or three pieces of money, either coin of paper. "T have made some money now and I am going to send my children to school." said Mr. Broon. "They have been faithful and I am now going to -ivs them an education. They can an read and write Snanisb. but not one of them can speak English. I have been too busy to teach them, and my wife does not know the language. We have a little school out there and I have often been amused when talking to tne cnu dren about it. I have here' a story I have written out for The Herald and von marv send it in. With this Mr. Broon handed the cor respondent the following story of the little school, the rules of which might lie imitated with profit In many Amer ican schools: In the heart of the Sierra Mad re mountains, close to the Otates mining district, state of Chihuahua, there re sides a Mexican rancher by name of Victoriano Saenz. He and his broth ers own twenty-two sitios of graz ing! and. (88.000 acres), containing few spots here and there capable of raising corn and beans and which are always sown during the rainy season. On this ranch, wherever It is feasi ble. Don Victoriano Saenz places a family, assisting them with all their requirements, to that they can raise every year the necessaries of life and take good care of the few animals they may possess.. It makes no difference to him who the family is, whether Mex ican. Indian, or foreigner as he be lieves man the noblest gift of God, and he made us all. One of the most pleasant and at the same time unexpecteds ights that came under your correspondent's observation was the public school sustained on his ranch, at Arechuyvo. at his own ex pense, and without any tax to anyone. He obligated parents living on his ranch to send their children to school, nolens volens. the only requisite de manded wa3 that their hair should be rnmbed and face and" hands clean. The same was demanded of children of neighboring ranches. The class room is a large adobe buil ding, ventinlated and ample light, and has seating capacity for seventy-five boys. The class consists of fifty-five boys. Mexicans and Indians about equally divided: and although said ranch is far distant from points hav ing numerous population yet is is plain ly noticeable that the children are thirsty for knowledge, learn readily, their manners polite, good comport ment, and bickering among themselves unknown. A peculiar coincidence is. that although the boys are accustomed to hard toil. - the majority of them write a clear legible hand; their writ ing books are clean and neat much more so than one could expect under existing circumstances. Don Victoriano Saenz, seeing the suc cess and good work of the boys' school, established a girls' class, and the atten dance of the latter Is about twenty three all ages under lady teachers. To a stranger traveling In the remote wilderness of the Sierra Madre moun tains when he comes across such a school and notices the great desire and anxiety of so many litlte ones to raise themselves above the lowest level of mankind, nothing else can be said o! their patron, but God bless the noble soul. born, raised, and educated and self-mad man of the wilderness, an example worthy of imitation by many other men. Theo. A. P. "Why have I remained there?" con tinue? Mr. Bronn. "I had a rich piece of property there and wanted to get rich before I returned to the United States. Riches came slow and I', soon forgot all about returning. I was hap- py there with my little family and was iloine well in most ways. We have a little world all to ourselves out there. Th mines cannot be reached with a wagon at all. and we dig out the silver orwi raflnii it there ourselves. We shin I (he nure silver to Chihuahua and ship I back nrovisions which are Drougnt in on the backs of burros. I employ about i thirty Mexicans at the mines and pay them in provision and clothing which .f i9hii in mv store. When a Mex ican wants. to quit work and there is 1 anvthing due him I always weigh out ,, enough to pay him and he goes i his wav hcDDV. I have not used money at the mines since I went there and ' have not seen any only when I came to .Chihuahua. I have absolute control of . Mexicans and there is seldom any .trouble only when the boys get too mr.cn nquur aim k iiuu uuuu fcome girl. I am the only peace officer on the ground and when I arrest a man I send him to the nearest ranch by some man in my employ. I take pa pers from the states but seldom" read them and when I do I think of how I used to live in San Francisco. I do not txpect to return to the United States now but will send my children there and educate them. Mr. Bronn is now receiving about $25,000 yearly for the output of his mine. and has accumulated some funds. A few years ago he put in ma chinery at the mine and can now work it with more speed. The engines and boiler were taken up on the mountain on the backs of burros and put together at the mines. Opening Of the New Theater. THE FRENCH OPERA COMPANY FROM NEW ORLEANS HAS BEEN ENGAGED TO PLAY THE OPEN ING NIGHT. AND EL PASO GUESTS WILL BE ESPECIALLY HONORED. Special to The Herald. CHIHUAHUA, Mex.. March 16 It is now a certainty that the new theater will be opened on the 5th of May and the greatest society event in the his tory of the state will be had. Governor Ahumada has engaged the French opera company of New Orleans to play the opening engagement. The company carries 150 people and is said to be one of the best companies on the continent. The people of Chihuahua were pleas ed with the news that El Paso would be well represented and the American colony are making arrangements to entertain them royally. The governor announces that he will accord Miss Claire Kelly, queen of the El Paso carnival, and her court a box in the first balcony as special guests of honor, and a number of invitations wfll be issued to society people of El Paso to attend the grand ball. The occasion promises to be one of unusual interest and large crowds are expected from all parts of the republic The young lady who will preside over the dedication ceremonies has not yet been named. Chihuahua Cock Fights Finished. THE NEXT FIGHTS WILL BE FOR $500 EACH AND BONUS $10,000 FOR 41 CONTESTS, THEN THE MONEY WILL BE DOUBLED FOR A NEW SERIES. Special to The Herald. CHIHUAHUA. March 16 Guanacevi won 21 fights of the series and Chi huahua 20. the former winning the bonus of $3000. Chihuahua has challenged Guanacevi for 41 fights at $500 each to take place next month, with a bonus of $10,000. Next September it is proposed to fight 41 fights at $1000 each with a bonus of $20,000. In the present series Pedro R. Prieto of Chihuahua won $15,000 and Lasoya of Guanacevi lost $3000. It is stated on good authority that within three months 1000 men will be at work out of Chihuahua on the Orient road. TWO MEN QUARRREL OVER GIRL AND ONE OF THEM IS IN STANTLY KILLED. OURAY. Colo.. March 16 Early this morning a quarrel occurred between two men resulting in the instant death of one. Miss Jessie Chase has been dividing her affections between Chas. Engle and Wm. St. Gemmie. The two men n consequence got on their war paint. St. Gemmie watched Englo enter the Chase house. He tried to get in him self with a six shooter and a bundle of rocKs. They met in the haljway. Engle pulled bis gun and killed St. Gemmie. Engle was arrested and the coroner's inquest is in session now. BIG MONTREAL CLOTHING HOUSE DESTROYED BY FIRE WITH A VERY HEAVY LOSS. MONTREAL. March 16 The big clothing house of Leeming Mills and company opposite Notre Dame cathe dral was destroyed by fire this morn ing. The loss is very heavy. One man was killed. NEW MEXICO Legislature (Continued from Third Page.) raises the fire test to 130 degrees, and allows merchants until July 1st to dis pose of their present stock of coal oil. The other important lull passed iy the house today was the council sub stitute for council bill No. 53. the Luna countv bill, which creates Luna county out of the southrn half of Giant coun ty and annexes 27 townships of Dona Ana county to Grant county. The pass age of the bill was a foregone conclu sion find the manly and eloquent speeches of Walton. Slaughter and As- carate were only meant to emphasize their protect against the measure. The vote wns 15 to 7 in favor of the bill which now goes to Governor Otero for signature and will undoubtedly be signed. House Corrects a Number of Errors. The house corrected a number of clerical errors In council bill No. 108. the Cruickshank refunding bill, which was passed by the council this after noon and now goes to Governor Otero for signature. It replaces the refund ing bill signed by Governor Otero and cuts out some or the objectionable features of the original bill. The house defeated the marriage license bill but passed the council substitute for house bill No. fi with several essential amend ments giving the board of trustees of the deaf and dumb asylum more pow er and discretion in selecting a super intendent and teachers. The council substitute made compulsory the em ployment of 'a deaf and dumb super intendent and was intended to keep the present superintendent of the institu tion in power. Speaker Read however, showed that such a policy would be a detriment to the institution. The house also passed council bill No. 32. an act to provide for the purchase of filing cases for the clerk of the supreme court.' It appropriates $250 for the pur pose. The bill now goes to the gover nor. The house passed house bill No. 218. a very lengthy bill materially modifying the act' regarding the pub lic land commission. Motion to Suspend Rules Failed. A motion to suspend the rules and put house bill No. 219 on its passage, failed. The bill provides for "the ap portionment of 100.000 acres of public lands donated by an act of congress to the normal schools of New Mexico equally between the Normal Univer sity at Ias Vegas: and the normal school at Silver City. Salaries of Public School Teachers. The house passed Read's bill provid ing for the monthly payment of the salaries of public school teachers, in stead of quarterly, and also house bill No. 46 with an amendment, relating to the election of school districts. The bill provides that at the next general school election, three school directors be elected for each district, one to serve three years, another two years and a third one year and after that one school director each year to serve three years. The clause prohlbtlng the em ployment of consumptive teachers in the public schools was stricken out. The house - also passed with minor amendments, council bill No. 12. a bill for the protection of elk and deer, the vote being 21 to 2. Iands For Educational Purposes. The council passed the joint resolu tion advocated by the New Mexico edu cational association, asking congress to be more liberal in granting public lands for educational purposes to the territory. Also the following bills, an act to prevent the running at large of swine and hogs; house bill No. 83. re lating to the reissue of stock of cor porations where the original stock has been lost or destroyed. Council bill No. 47. requiring an annual license of $250 from peddlers of meat and pro viding for a stricter Inspection of skins and hides; council bill No. 58. provid ing for the surveys by counties for as sessment purposes the act being lim ited to the years 1901 and 1902; coun cil bill No. TlS. to correct a clerical error in chapter 32 of the session laws of 1899. The president appointed Easley an additional member of the Harrison me morial committee. Following Bills Introduced. The following bills were introduced in the council: Council bill No. 110, an act authorizing taxpayers to organize for mutual benefit and protection, by Cruickshank: council bill No. 111. by Harrison, an act to amend sections 65 of the session laws of 1899; council bill No. 112, by Fielder, an act to prevent employers from paying their laborers in anything but lawful money; coun cil bill. No. 116 l.y Navarro, an act re lating to the distribution of water for irrigation: council bill No. 117. an act by request by Martinez, an act validat ing certain county bonds. Educational Bill Signed. Governor Otero today signed the Springer educational bill which will greatly aid in the improvement of the territory's public schools; council bill No. 3. to protect song birds: and house bill No. 118, an act for the protection of game birds. House bill No. 203. which had passed both houses became a law today by limitation. The bill provides that all delinquent taxes to and including those of 1899 shall be given to the counties wherein collected one-half of them going to the general fund and the other half to go into the school fund. The governor did not sign the bill and it therefor became law by limitation. Council bill No. 58, an act to permit county commissioners to have lands urveyed for certain purposes was ta ker, up. The committee on public property reported the bill with an amendment that the provisions of the bill are to hold only for the years 1901 and 1902. The bill passed 19 to 2. House bill No. 159 was then taken up. It was reported favorably with several erbal amendments. It relates to practice In the probate courts. The bill passed. House bill No. 68. authorizing muni cipalities to construct sewers and for other purposes, passed 15 to 5. House bills No. 3 and 171 after a long wrangle were laid on the table in definitely and are practically killed. Investnie FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND SHARES OF TREASURY STOCK OF THE Guaynopa Smelting and Reduction Co. Twenty-Five Cents a Share Until Further Notice. IT WILL BE SOLD IN LOTS OF ONE HUNDRED SHARES and upwards in order to accommodate the small buyers as well as the large. THE RICH USUALLY HOLD ALL THE GILT-EDGED SECURITIES AND DRAW DOWN LARGE DIVIDENDS: FOR THIS REASON WE HAVE DECIDED TO GIVE THE SMALL BUYER A CHANCE TO SECURE PART OF THIS ISSUE OF STOCK IN SMALL LOTS. Every one knows that Smelting is the most profitable business in the world, and especially when the company owns one of the LARGEST AND RICHEST MINES IN THE COUNTRY TO BACK THEIR ENTERPRISE A few hundred dollars invested in this stock WILL PRODUCE AN INCOME SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT A SMALL FAMILY, AND THE INCREASED VALUATION OF THE INVESTMENT WILL BE TEN TIMES GREATER WHEN THE SMELTER BEGINS OPERATION THAN IT IS TODAY. JPi?evlons Shipments. The hand-picked ores of this Company, shipped to the smelters by the car load have brought $333 per ton in gold. This will give some idea of the value of this stocn and what it will be when this company has its own smelter in operation and running by water power THE CHEAPEST M OTIVE POWER IN THE WORLD. THE COMPANY FURNISH BY PERMi.-sSION Hw BEST BANK REFE RENCES IN THE COUNTRY, AND THE LARGEST COMMERCIAL INSTITUTION IN MEXICO, AND FUR NISH UPON APPLICATION AN IL LUSTATED CATALOGUE AND PROSPECTUS OF THEIR PROPERTIES AND PURPOSE FOR WHICH THIS STOCK IS BEING SOLD. If you have money to invest, don't wait until It is too late, but send to us for a prospectus and ful 1 particular before it is too late. Officers of the Company. JOHN M. DUTHIE. President, J. W. ECKulAN, Vice President. DEPOSITORY State National O. 14 Bronson Block, EI Thev are relative to the selection of j'iries and were supported by the Jndses of the territory and the leading atiornej-s of New Mexico. SANTA FE. N. M.. March 17. Con trary to expectations, the passage of the Luna county bill by the house has not left a sore spot. Those opposed to Luna county were permitted to make their protests and many protests they were. Especially Mr. Walton made a clear, cogent and eloquent statement that set forth his reasons for opposing the Grant county division. He made the best out of the arguments that could be advanced against creating a new county out of Grant county. He received respectful attention and there was no unholy joy over his final defeat. Mr. Walton is a man and the opposition respected him. Yesterday considerable business was transacted, mostly of a minor nature. Speaker Read appointed a strong com mittee to facilitate business and to which all bills should be referred but when he referred the appropriation bill to this new committee there was a storm of protest and the house went back on its own decision and the bill was referred to the finance committee. The steering committee consists of Ab bott, Dalies. Cristobol Sanchez. Martin Sanchez, and Walton. Speaker Read in saying that two hundred bills re main to be disposed of in the next four days, ruled that he would allow 'each member only five minutes to debate and one minute for explaining his vote. Council bill No. 72. providing for an increase of salaries of probate judges, was recalled from the council and amended so that it did not know itself any more. In its present shape the bill provides an increase of $950 a year for probate judges in counties of the first class. $400 per year for probate judges in counties of the second class not including Santa Fe county: $200 per 3'ear for probate judges of the coun ties of the fourth class. Third class county probate judges are excluded from the measure altogether. By unanimous consent resolutions were introduced and passed, one mak ing an appropriation of $600 for editing and revising the journal of the council and the house after the legislature ad journs, and the other providing that typewritten copies of bills should be reconsidered and passed the edict to do No. 204, by Dalies, providing for the sale of the public lands granted the territory by act of congress for a re form school, was first defeated and then reconsidered and passed, te edict to do so having gone forth from the leaders. This was for the benefit of the proposed reform school at Belen. Valencia coun ty. A bill by Trujillo. providing that tax collectors be required to visit every precinct of the county on January and July 1 for thde purpose of collecting taxes, was defeated after a considerable struggle in behalf of the measure. Upon motion of Bateman. and a strong speech by him. the law exempt ing the beet sugar factory at Carlsbad from taxation. was repealed. only Chapman voting against the bill. House bill No. 165. extending the $200 tax exemption laws to widows, tne head of a family, failed to pass 12 to 6. House bill No. 186. providing for the payment of the outstanding indebted ness of counties, pasFed. House bill No. 189. by Sena, amend ing section 1793 of the compiled laws of 1897, increasing the percent to be paid nt Extraordinary FOR SALE AT as sl Business. Bank, El Paso, Texas. Send IB - JAMES Paso, Texas. tax collectors for the collection of tax es and licenses from four to five per cent, failed to pass. The act was to ap ply only to counties of the second class. House bill No. 179. an act to amend the incorporation laws, was adversely reported from the committee on rail roads and was defeated. House bill No. 239. extending the boundaries of McKinley county and other purposes, passed the house after it adopted a rule to consider all bills reported from the council as read and printed and giving the speaker the au thority to refer it without further ac tion. In the council two new bills were introduced. One by Cruickshank. re quiring life and accident insurance companies to make a deposit the same as fire companies. Another by Har rison, an act to regulate the compen sation of official stenographers in dis trict courts. It allows $7 per day to be paid out of the court fund and $150 per annum for work done for district judges in chambers. The council passed the $25,000 bond appropriation bill for the agricultural college, the principal and the interest to be paid from the proceeds of the sale and leasing of the lands of the in stitution. The act exempting the stock of build ing and loan associations from taxation was. also passed. Also the act dispos ing of the 100.000 acres granted for the purpose of normal schools. Las Vegas and Silver City, such normal schools to divide the land between them. Govenor Otero signed eleven minor bills. Appointments by Governor Otero. Governor Otero sent the following nominations to the council, which were confirmed in executive session: District attorneys for the district consisting of the counties of Dona Ana, Si'erra. Grant and Otero. W. H. H. Llewellyn. Las Cruces; district consist ing of the counties of Colfax and Un ion. Jere Leahy. Raton; district con sisting of Socorro. Lincoln, Chaves and Eddy, George W. Pritchard, White Oaks. Territorial board of equalization First district: Venceslao Jaramillo. Rio Arriba county; second district. Jesus Maria Sandoval. Bernalillo county; third district, J. A. Mahoney. Grant countv: fourth district. .Tamos S nun- can. San Miguel county; fifth district. James tr. Hlnkle. Chaves county. Bureau of Immigration First dis trict, Granville Pendleton, San Juan county: second district. Alfred Gruns feld. Bernalillo county; third district, A. G. Hood. Grant county; fourth dis trict. William B. Bunker. San Miguel county; fifth district. Jose E. Torres. Socorro county. Sheep Sanitary Board at Albuquer que So'.omon lama. Valencia county: William S. Prager. Chaves county: and Henry W. Kelly. San Miguel county. Commissioners of Irrigation for the Territory of New Mexico G. A. Rich ardson, Chaves county. Frank Spring er. San Miguel county: W. A. Hawkins. Otero county; C. W. Knaebel. Santa Fe county: E. A. Miera. Bernalillo county. Board of Pharmacy A. J. Fischer. Santa Fe: P. Moreno. Las Cruces: W. C. Potterfield. Silver City. The above, with the exception of W. C. Potterfield. are vacation appointments. Board of Directors of the New Mex ico Insane Asylum at Las Vegas Nic olas T. Cordova. O. L. Gregory and JAMES HY. M KINNELL, Secretary and Treasurer. ZENO B. CLARDY, Resident Attorney. for Prospectus and full particulars to & CO. Fiscal -A.gerLt, Marcus Brunswick. These are vaca tion appointments. Regents of the New Mexico School of Mines at Socorro Joseph E. Smith. F. G. Bartlett and W. S. Hopewell. These are vacation appointments. Board of Regents of the New Mexico Military Institute at Roswell Wendell M. Reed. Joseph C. Lea, and Nathan Jaffa. These are vacation appoint ments. Board of Regents of the New Mexico Normal School at " Silver City C. F. Grayson, E. M. Young, A. R. Graham. W. G. Ritch and John Corbett. These are vacation appointments,- excepting that of John Corbett. . - Board of Regents of the University of New Mexico at Albuquerque J. H. Wroth and E. S. Stover. These are va cation appointments. Board cf Regents of the Normal Uni versity of New Mexico at Las Vegas Charles Ilfield and M. W. Browne. The appointment of Mr. Ilfield was a vaca tion appointment. If you want a Nobby and Neat Suit of the Best Material, Call on NAP J. ROY, The Merchant Tailor. El Paso. OSTEOPATHY. t Consultation and Examination Free. A. A. POLLET, Graduate of the American School of Osteopathy. Rooms 3 and 5, 604 Mesa avenue. Ml Paso. Texas. Floral Decorations Cut Flowers. Plants, Palms, etc.. and shippers of Cacti. - H. A. KEZER. - 406 San Antonio - JAMBS H. MARiAEAO. Civil, Hydraulic and Mining Engioem Have had Forty Tears' Experience Colonla Jnares Mexico. EL PASO PRIVATE SCHOOL ) S01 NORTH SANTA FB STRUT. Publ'o school studies Business coaxes Spanish Language Type writing Kindergarten. Address Kt Paeso Pri vate school. Box 497. R.G. DUN& m Mercantile Reports. Mercantile Collections. EL PASO OFFICE: 112 SOUTH NaT