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Arizona's New Bonanza Attracts Wide Attention in iu EL PASO DAILY HERALD, SATURDAY. MARCH 30. 1901. TjHlIBj i WH 0 W ill A GREAT DYKE OF RICH ORE All the Ground Taken Up--Early Aliners Secured Some of the Gold But Were Balked by Copper in Working It. Ixks Angeles Herald. Oro Grande Mine, via Wickenburg, Arizona. Here is a bonanza whose fame threatens to outstrip that of the Vulture in this region and .other great sold properties. The possibilities of the Oro Grande are unlimited. It may be railed a prospect," because newly lo cated, and because that, of the wonder ful surface showings, only a small por tion of Its wealth has been revealed by the pick. The development is limited, yet already there is enough rich rock In sight, bristling with glittering string ers or gold and a myriad of colors to tempt flattering offers from agents of big companies who have been attracted by the first meager reports of the greatest gold strike of the west. The mammoth ledge located by Geo. B. Upton and G. E. Lamb, of Clinton. Ia.. and B. O. Hatfield of Montana, is without doubt the mothe lode that has fed for years the rich placers on both ides of a mineral divide In the Black- Rock district. The vertical shaft Is down 100 feet on the side of an Im mense dyke. The walls fairly glisten with the yellow metal, increasing in quantity at depth, and although two drifs have been started west, one at the 55-foot point and the other at the bot tom of the shaft, penetrating bonanza ore for forty feet, a wall has been en countered. Drifting has not yet been commenced to the east, but by the sur face showing in the vein it is fair to ' presume that the. ledge at this point is one hundred feet in width. Where it broadens at the dyke the croppings are prominent in a width of 300 feet. The immense-outcropping can be traced for 4.000 feet and the whole vein will aver age 100 feet in width. The whole lode fscertainly mineralized, and by all the laws of mining it is rich throughout. A few tons of rock removed from the Oro Grande will give returns equal to the annual profits of some of the well known gold mines of Arizona. The thousands of tons of rich rock underly ing the great capping undoubtedly con tain treasuries which will convert the three owners into nabobs. No Rush to the Fields. No great rush of prospectors of min ing men is anticipated. When the news of the find first leaked out, prospectors swarmed in the adjacent hills and a hundred mining men representing eas tern and western capitalists, flocked to the scene of the discovery to get in on the eround floor. They had been in-. hnr mtia fnw enlri has r reared since formed by telegraphic report that a 22- tne nuggets were picked out of rocks by lnik voln n hnnflnui OFA had been dis-! . i I. t tA nvn HranHa shafts and drifts, and the lowest yet made was $23 in gold to the ton. The last assay gave, returns of $162.88 to the ton. Three hundred and fifty tons of rock on the dump is valued at more that $20,000. so that it is apparent that there are great deposits of free milling ore carrying from three to five ounces of gold. Although not many tons of rock have been actually blocked out. there is a showing of rock surrounding the shafts which, unless all signs of mining fall, will net the owners in the neighborhood of $1,500,000. and this body as outlined is a bagatelle in com parison with the almoBt fabulous treas ures apparently in store. Copper at Depth. " The theory Is that when the work ings reach a depth of between 250 and 350 feet a base of sulphurets will be en countered and the property eventually will be converted into a copper-gold proposition. Diorite vertical walls afe expected and beyond the walls no sur prise will be afforded if copper is dis covered, beginning almost with tne grass roots. In the matrix matter the red oxides and crystallized quartz car- ; ry the greatest values. Several holes f sunk along the outcroppings, and in cluding what is now the main shaft. ' penetrated a 10 or 12-foot layer of car- 4 obnates of copper and more or less pea cock ore appeared. The capping is of . hematite of iron. . i J The history of the prospect is similar j to that of the early record of all great mines, and follows oui the traditional, theory that greA mines, even in well , prospected districts, are overlooked for years, though they may have been tramped over by thousands of experl- i enced prospectors. There Is no doubt that in early days a certain amount of free gold was removed from the surface Where . the small hole wan first put down the prospectors took ou a cer tain amount of gold and operated a primitive arastra before they ran Into the strata of copper strains which was safe against their antlauated imple ments. Gravel, laden with free gold, was scraped off the surface of the dyke and many nuggets were discovered in early days, much in the same manner that nuggets were removed in profusion from Rich Hill, only a few miles away. Rich Hill since has been acquired by a wealthy syndicate which Is developing a great gold mine. On that property the Octave there is a surface showing inch vein of bonanza ore had been dis covered and they were anxious to look over the field. All were disappointed. So successful were the new owners in suppressing the news that after months when it did leak out. only a small part of the true Value of the claims were known, and when the prospectors and Tnininz men arrvied all of the appar ently rich mineralized ground had been j located. The , three men In eight claims have covered the entire crop ping of gold and locate extensions of one thousand' feet on each end of the ledge. Two claims, paralleling - the vein, are located by them, and miners engaged by the operators took up land on all sides with the hope of striking a new and similar ledge. It Is likely that none exists In that immediate vicinity of the country. f Source of Placer Gold. and in At the Oro Grande there Is a vast amount of free gold that seems to Increase In profusion, down to water level and after that there is more reason to presume that there is a gold mine left than there was at Ruch Hill when the Octave was a inspect. Goodness of Nature. Nature, which supplied this Ore Grande hill with an Interminable amount of the yellow metal, has pro-' videde easy methods for its removal. A , mile and a quarter away Is the Hassa yampa river, with a perrenial flow.. The mine owners are planning a pipe lint for feeding a stamp mill when the property is better developed. It is lo cated only four miles from the Santa Fe, Prescott and Phoenix railroad, and all conditions combine to make the cost of mining and ore treatment small. The Oro Grande today, aside from the . The hills about Wickenuurg. ana m amount of digging practically fact all over northern Maricopa ana tne purface consists merely YaMimi counties, are known to be rich ly laden with gold, silver, and copper, lint thnro in no more uninviting spot, at first glance, for a prospector than the of two tents and two small bunk hous- es. Work commenced last December, and a small force of men has been en- n i cK. onri riiv pvpr slnn. bat location of the Oro Granae. " ,s lnere has been little necessity of erect strange that cf the thousands or doi- Jng buildings. Three carloads of Ium lara of placer gold removed fronl tne i ber has Just been received and other streams flowing in all directions from preparations are being made- to estab this bonanza, a persistent attempt ljgn a more permanent camp. The hitherto has not been made to locate hlm which has been employed for the mother lode. A weu-oeaieu uui has for years crossed within a few feet or the very mouth of the shart from which now issues lumps of gold. V 15-foot hole was noticed by the prospectors over this trail for many years, but the presence of gold was un suspected. A small dump of copper stained rock was the showing of ore re moved from the hole, but prospectors kaew of many other prospects of free gold and were not looking particularly ..jininr mniwr oroDOsltions. It Is Sm UlUtM J - r m r- - sinking, will soon be replaced by a gasoline hoist, but few other improve ments will be made until water level is reached, and mored rifting Is perform ed, when large hoisting" works, operated by steam wni be put in. A few tents and shacks will give rise to a lively camp, destined to grow in sire and pop ulation from year to year. Wicken burg han fond dreams of rehabilita tion through the influence of this new bonanza and the opening of the Vul fx tnav also welcome the likely that few experienced prospectors. new dovery unless Immense crop- fit DM BARGAIN SALE FOR MONDAY! A Tremendous Curtain Sale! 75 pairs of Ruffled Muslin Curtains, 3 1-2. yards long, in dotted striped, open work and lace effect 6 different designs, fully worth $1.75, will go Monday at 98c a pair This sale is really something out of the ordinary and it is useless ts say that this offer should not be overlooked by any lady. This price being way behw cost we will only dispose of this article between 9 and 1 1 o'clock a. m. Our Assortment of Curtains is Unlimited. 4 Wf : MM W W The Ruffled Point d'Esprit at $5. 00 a pair. The Nottingham Lace Curtain $2.25 to $5.75 in white ,, and. Ecru. The Bruxelles Nst from $4 98 to 13,79 a pair. Our line of Ruffled Muslin Curtains in white and colored is complete prices ranging from 88c to $2 75. Poles and Curtain Trimmings constantly on hand. We put up all curtains without extra charge. The Iris Point from $5.98 to $15.50 a pair. The real English Bobbinet Ruffled Curtains $3,23 to $12-50 a pair, in ecru and white. The Antique Curtains from $2.98 to $3.39 .n. mm S m Striking Attractions in Our Ready-Made Goods Dept. $4.98 Habutai Silk Dressing Sacques in all colors and sizes, trimmed in Oriental and Guipure Laces, latest cuts and styles, only 60 pieces. Regular price ' from $7 J 5 to 12.50, will be sold Monday only at - Unequalled Shirt Waist Values About 150 Shirt Waists, white and all colors, some tacked, some embroidery and some lace trimmed in the very latest cuts, fully worth from 90c to $1.25, will go Monday at 73 Cents. These goods have just arrived and we are sure that all the ladies will be repaid by careful inspection of this line. Among other goods that arrived this week, we would call attention to Tht Very Newest in Dre&s Goods, such as Plain and Fancy Buntings. Plain and Satin Striped all-wool Challies in the Latest Persian Effects. The Latest in Covert Cloth, suitable for Ladies. Tailor-Made Suits in all the leading shades. A Full Line of .Henriettas in all Colors Also lots of Novelties in Ready-Made Goods, such as Fancy Silk Petticoats, White Silk Stitched Flannel Top Skirts and The very newest in Crepe de Chine Waists. Etc. THE WHITE HOUSE, The Leading Dry Goods House of El Paso. FELIX BRUNSCHWIG. pings of ore He as they have never been known to lie before. It will not be many months until this ramp begins to draw heavily on Phoenix for sup plies. Views of Prospectors. The prospectors and miners who have visited this camp, many of whom are luuuied over the immense capping with their eyes open. It stands out in bold relief, and chunks of pay rock, three and four feet in diameter, dot the surface, all of them showing the plfect of oxidisation, and chunks from most of the mshowing free gold. A thin stratum of copper-stained rock . i nhnla tannine, but at hall a dozen places along the croppings lingering in the vicinity, declare that K taa been put down a few feet. in all their years o, experience they j VA..,..tiArA annpars tne same cnar- . necr w acter of rock now pouring out or the main thaft. Great Ledge Rich Throughout. The marvelous features of the mine is that rich values seem to be present throughout the great ledge. Assays taken from various points on the lead do not fluctuate as much as In usual gold prospects. Average assays have leen made by collecting the various kinds of reck from the dump and .he that would apr proach it. Many or them are former employes of the Vulture mine. They assert, with confidence, that it will eclipse in production the famous Vul ture. The character of ruck and the formation, according to them, is very similar to that of the Vulture and the surface showings and formation, though identical in appearance, are more extensive. They are already cal culating he amount of water that can be impounded in Box canyon and con- . veyed to the mine, how large a stamp mill it will feed, and how many men will be employed. The owners are not yet planning that far ahead. They ex pect to operate the property on a large seal, but Just what the scale will be. will be determined by development. I They already feel that they would be justified in erecting a 100-stamp mill and putting in aple line, but further development, likely, will Justify them in putting in a much larger plant. Placer mining and dry washing along hte streams leading out from the Oro Grande, on both sides of a mountain range, has been conducted intermit tently siuce 1S6. the streams having tteen afforded fresh supplies of gold with evkery rain. Twelv9 years ago. without a knowledge of what he was doing, a prospector put down the hole which has since been deepended into the main shaft on the mother lode of the placer gold. How It Was Discovered. A year ago A. I. Weialing carried free gold quartz to Upton, who was then operating in the Rich hill country, stat ing that he had a prospect from whicli came that rock, for sale. He had located it. said he. with Dan Genung. The rock was so rich that Upton went to the coun tyty records of Yavapai. He had agreed to take the prospect and develop it for a two thiids interest, if it was anything like Welsling represented. A search failed to show that Weisling or Genung bad located the claim.. Another pros pector called Upton's attention to the property and he visited it with Hatfield. They posted location notices and sus pending operations on their claims in the Rich Hill district began and con o ui-ted work for two months on what appeared to them to be the biggest gold proposition in Arizona. A. R. V. Baxter and A. 1). Shultz had also seeu specimens und grub stnked prospectors to work the claims before Upton and Hatfield commenced. The prospectors acquired quite a sup ply of provisions, but evidently did nothing with the claim they ostensibly started to work. Baxter and Shultz made out notices which they placed in a safe at Wickenburg. planning to have them posted when the prospectors re turned. They had made several steps toward locating the prospect, but did not have a clear title. When they dis covered in January that Upton and Hatfield had done two months work they learned of the duplicity of the prospectors they had staked, but were reluctant to part with the property and commenced to establish their claims in the hope of acquiring possession. Finally they received $750 for a mine that will likely develop into one. of the greatest gold bonanzas in the coun try and Upton. Hatfield and lamb ac quired clear title. The New Owners. Upton has been operating in Arizona for six years. He was interested in min ing in Colorado in the early days but returned to Clinton, la., before coming to Arizona. He is a practical mining man with other mining interests in Arizona, other than the Oro Grande. He has been backed In his operations by G. E. Lamb, a wealthy banker of Clinfon. who has visited Arizona sev eral times to look overthe prospects la the Rich Hill country owned by him stlf and Upton. Hatfield fcas worked in mines for twenty-five years. His experience before coming to Arizona a year ago. was confined to Montana mining. He entered the employ of Up ton near Stanton. Ariz., and was soon made foreman of a mine. The three men share the Oro Grande equally. . For true economy in the use of ice try a Frost King Refrigerator or Ice Box. PORCELAIN Lined, for the least money $4.75 up. Second hand ones bought and sold also exchanged. AT WELCH'S, TEXAS STREET. Read Col. Baylor's account of a scouting trip in the Sacramentos twen ty years ago.