EL. PASO DAILY HERALD, MONDAY. APRIL. 1. 1901.
if AGE SIX.
REPORT OF RECONNAISSANCE
FROM FORT SMITH, ARKANSAS,
TO THE RIO GRANDE, TO FIND A
ROUTE. TO ESCORT EMIGRANTS,
AND TO CONCILIATE THE IN
DIANS. (Continued from Saturday.)
May 13. We remained in camp to
day, waiting Captain Dillard's arrival.
Imt shall move forward tomorrow
about five miles, for the purpose of
bridging two small streams which in
tersect our route and run Into Cho
May 14. Starting this morning, we
marched to the first creek, bridged it,
and encamped upon the second; they
are spring brooks rising in the "Tim
bers." and have good water in them at
all seasons . of the year. Upon the
banks of Choteau's creek there is Cot
tonwood, elm. hack berry, and a species
or oak bearing an acorn about the size
if a black walnut.-with a very thick
lur. and a fringe at the top of It en
circling the nut: this is called by the
Indians "overcup." This evening there
suddenly arose one of the most terrific
storms I ever witnessed it was a per
fect tornado; the first blast laid nearly
every tent in the camp flat upon the
ground, and sent beds, trunks, and
tables whirling and tumbling in every
direction. Our camp presented for a
few minutes a most perfect scene of
confusion. As I looked out from under
rav tent, (which had fallen upon me
and held me fast). I saw. by the in
cessant flashes of lightning, officers
and men running in all directions
through the rain some trying to find
-shelter and others following up a hat,
blanket, or tent, which the gale had
seized upon and was carrying off upon
the prairie. Nothing could resist the
violence of the storm: it continued for
about an hour, when the wind abated,
and we went to work to put up our
tents again. Everything Is soaked and
we shall remain tomorrow to dry. when
we hope to be joined by the Fort Smith
May 15. This has been a day of gen
eral drying throughout the camp, and
we are now ready to move forward
-again, as soon as we learn that Captain
Dillard is near us. Dr. Rogers was so
unfortunate as to have all bis botanical
specimens ruined by the storm last
night; this is to be much regretted, as
'he had a great variety of plants and
flowers which he will not meet with
again, bearing near the Grande Prairie
where" the character of vegetation is
entirely different from what we have
May 13. Learnmg that the Fort
Smith company are near us, upon the
morning and moved a few miles up
The grass in the creek bottom is fine
anl the roil good.
News and Views
'From The Herald's Special Correspondent at the State Capital.
Special to The Herald.
AUSTIN. March 31 The last week of
the regular session of the 27th legis
lature, will, from all Indications, be a
quiet one and unattended with any
eventful features, as all the measures
of any Importance which one or two
possible exceptions, have been disposed
of. The two notable exceptions are
Xhe general appropriation bills and the
McFall bill which seeks to revoke the
permit heretofore issued to the new
Waters-Pearce Oil company. Accord
ing to the present progress, the two
years' general appropriation bill will
pot be taken up at the present session
but the six months' bill to cover ap
propriations from March 1 to August
made necessary by the change in the
tircal year will be taken up in the
senate next week and disposed of. as
it has already passed the house. The
two years bill will not be taken up
until the first extra session of the leg
islature which will be called by the
governor next August. The McFall
hill, it is safe to assert, will not be
reached during the present session, as
the house during the past week declin
ed to make a special order for the con
Fideration of the measure.
Red ist rioting the State.
It will le observed that the extra
session will be a busy one with the
law makers as the primary object of
the session will be to reapportion and
rcdistrlct the state. This in Itself is a
herculean task to say nothing of the
passage of the general appropriation
bill. The apportionment committees,
cm however, accomplish much during
the time of the adjournment of the
present session and the calling of the
crtru session. They can map out the
new districts and will have time to
ronsider the Interests of the various
listricts and confer with the promi
nent men as to the changes contem
plated. It Is believed however, that
the time allotted thirty days for the
extra session will be sufficient fo ac
complish the work as much of the pre
liminary work will have been done le-
'fore the session is called. As to the
i-ii iiii .nMnnnA
fV lUl.ll ..... WJ.. .......... , r,-
-can 1m very much slmplifl''d by
multiplying the appropriations in the
1x months' bill by four and thus get
the appropriations for the twenty-four
months. This idea has been suggested
" bv the house chairman of the finance
The Galveston City Bill.
After a most bitter fight, in the
May 17. This morning we continued
up the creek for about a mile, then
turned to the left, and struck the Di
vide in the Cross Timbers; after
marching six miles, we reached the
large prairie between the two Cross
Timbers and encamped upon the head
of Choteau's creek, where we found
grass in - abundance, and a fine clear
spring of water, and oak wood.
Through the Cross Timbers the wood
is black-jack, post-oak. overcup, and
hackberry. The soil is gravelly sand,
and the rocks a dark, hard sandstone.
I found iron ore upon Choteau's creek,
and the soil continues to be ferruginous
We have seen some deer today; but
game is not abundant.
. May 18. Continuing upon the high
and dry dividing ridge, we made eleven
miles; the soil is of good quality, but
there is no timber anil but litlte water:
we. however, found wood, water, and
grass, sufficient for encamping purposes
We have seen occasionally detached
pieces of gypsum today, and some lime
stone, but the rocks have generally
been a soft, coarse sandstone. Our
road approached within two miles of
the Canadian at one point of our march
today, and directly at this place we
were opposite the mouth of Spring
creek, a very beautiful stream of pure
spring w&ter; has good grass upon it,
trwi wnml Kiifrinlent for ram Dine DUT-
poses. The Fort Smith company joined
us yesterday, and we snail now move
on more rapidly.
May 20. I nis Deing sunaay. ana
very rainy day. we remained In camp;
the rain commenced with one of those
thunder showers which are so fre
quent upon the prairies, and. as usual,
it was accompanied by a perfect temp
est of wind. We are now upon the Up
per Cross Timzers. and I find upon ex-
amtnatlnn ttint we' rannot follow the
divide through, as It becomes very
rough and broken immediately upon
entering the timber. I shall, therefore,
lanuo tha HivH prnni Snrtne creek.
and take the high prairie between that
stream and me (janaaian. in mis wj
I chtill a onaMvi1 tn nana nn the nrairie
entirely around the Upper Cross Tim-
I met with the wild squash today: it
ttaa mlltfth tha onnAArftflPA flf the culti
vated varieties, except that the leaves
are of a light blue color; they are now
Iqv 91 Tlnr mail todav continued
on the divide for three miles, when,
coming near the Timbers, we turned to
the right and took the prairie valley
up Spring creek, skirting the lower
edge or the cross nmDers; nere we
found a fine road, and moved along
art H muii mba tn nnr animals. We
encamped upon one of the numerous
spring branches which now into spring
creek, and found an abundance of good
wood, water, and grass.
May 22. This morning we contin
ued up the south side of the creek for
thru miiaa further where we turned
to the right and crossed to the dividing
ridge lying between ine creea ana iue
teeth of much opposition, the Galves
ton people have won out and secured
the passage of the Galveston city char
ter and commission bill. To secure the
passage of the measure, the Galveston
representatives had to make some im
rortant concessions from the text of
the original bill. The bill as intro
duced provided for the appointment of
three commissioners by the governor
to take charge of the affairs of the
city and manage the municipality as
any other corporation or business en
terprise would be handled, but the bill
p3 finally passed in the senate yester
day provides for five commissioners,
three to be appointed by the governor
and tvro to be elected by the people of
Galveston. Then again the bill as pass
ed does not carry the emergency
clause and will not become operative
nntll ninety days after it has been
approved by the governor. This was
brought about by one of the opponents
ft the bill who threatened to have the
entire bill read should a roll be de
rsanded to place the bill Into imme
diate effect. This would mean delay
und possibly defeat, and It was decided
to let the bill pass by a viva voce vote
vhich was done.
It is expected that there will be an
other fight on the Galveston relief bill.
This bill provides for the exemption
of Galveston from taxation for the
pxt fifteen years. This bill has passed
the senate after a hard fight by Senator
Davidson of Galveston. The measure
is now pending In the house with a
favorable committee report and an ef
fort will be made by Mr. Nolan of Gal
Vfston to secure consideration during
the first part of the week. This meas
ure can be classed a companion bill to
the commission measure and the latter
act will be of no avail unless the relief
bill Is passed. It seems as If the con-
8fitutionality of the act has been set
tled, that If there are enough members
'n the house who believe the measure
constitutional to secure its passage.
With these two measures enacted into
laws. It is predicted that the city of
Galveston will once more be on Its feet
and soon be able to resume its place
r.s one of the leading seaports in the
No Constitutional Convention.
It is safe to say that no action will
be taken at this session of the legisla
ture looking to the holding of a con
stitutional convention for the purpose
Canadian; at the point where the road
strikes the crest ot the ridge we round
ourselves only one mile from the head
of the river, and continued that dis
tance until we reached the head of
Spring creek, where we encamped,
making our day's march sixteen miles.
The vallev of Spring creek is beauti
fully situated for farms; slopes gently
to the south, and is a mile in wiatn
abundantly watered, arable soil, and
timbered with black walnut, elm, naca
berry, and cotton wood. It is in the
immediate vicinity of the Upper Cross
Timbers, where post-oak timber is in
abundance, affording a good material
for building and fencing purposes. It
is also directly opposite the head of the
Little Washita river, where there is
said to be hickory and sugar maple
timber, within a distance of ten miles
from this place.
May 23. We turned slightly to the
left this morning, and, after traveling
two miles, struck the main divide of
Washita and Canadian. Continuing
on this divide for thirteen miles, we
passed several high round mounds of a
very soft red sandstone, rising up al
most perpendicularly out of the open
table land, and can be seen for a long
distance before reaching them. At the
base of the southern mound, following
an old Indian trail, it led us down into
a deep ravine, where there is a fine
spring of cool water, with wood and
Our road from here took a different
course for a point of timber which can
be seen from the top of the largest
mound, but deviates- somewhat from
the general bearing. As we found lit
tle water today, we made the digression
for the purpose of seeking a camping
place, and were much delighted, on ar
riving at the timber, to find a splendid
spring of water, rising in a basin of
white limestone, as perfectly hollowed
out as If it had been done by art. and
filled with fine cool water. About 500
yards below this the stream formed by
the water of the spring becomes en
larged, and contains an abundance of
The soil upon our route today has
been gravelly sand, and no timber ex
cept upon the borders of ravines.
There is wood sufficient for encamp
ing upon this tream. and fine grass.
May 21. Our road continued on the
divide during the whole day, and was
very fine and good. We are now pass
ing through a country where gypsum
is found in great quantities; in many
places tho surface of the earth is cov
ered with a white incruscatlon of de
composed gypsum, and frequently large
blocks were seen, in which there were
all varieties, from blue transparent se
lenite to common plaster of Paris,
gradually merging from opaque to pure
transparent. The soil upon our road
has been very poor, and but little wat
er; at our encampment tonight we have
water that Is bitter and unpalatable,
but will answer for cooking when none
other can be obtained.
(To Be Continued Tomorrow.)
of framing a new constitution for the
state of Texas. There has been a great
aeal of discussion for and against n
convention many believing that the
present organic, law is good enough and
the people of the state are nrnsnprnna
under the present constitution and nn
change is needed, while many are of
tne opinion mat the constitution is
disfigured with all kinds of amend
ments and a new ah ehmil1 1a tramnA
It seems however that the people are
ratisned with the present constitution.
Senator Goss. the author of the resolu
tion calling for a constitutional con
vention has made no effort to call it
up. There is also a bill pending by
Senator StaDle8 Which nrnvlriea that
the question as to whether a constitu
tional convention shall be held, be de
cided b ythe people at a special elec
tion. This seems the most feasible
plan, but it will be impossible to take
up the bill at this session on account
pf the limited time of the session.
A Good Working Body.
The present session of the legisla
ture has sustained its reputation for a
better working body than its predeces
ror. The house journal shows that it
is three hundred pages larger than it
vas the same period during the last
ression. The governor's recommenda
tion in his message to the legislature
to the effect that there was uo neces
sity for a multiplicity of laws on every
conceivable subject, has been adhered
to, as the records show that during
the last session there were 890 bills
introduced while thus far there have
been only 560 bills presented. In the
senate there were 290 bills introduced
and nearly 500 during the last session.
While the proposition of bills passed is
altout the same during the two ses
sions with the number introduced.
Special to The Herald.
AUSTIN. March 31. The passage
to engrossment of the land bills has
concluded a hard fight and when the
bill comes up for final passage it will
probably be quickly passed across to
the senate. Under this bill there is no
"lean line." that imaginary division
between the .marketable school and
asylum lands and those which are re
served by the state and leased. As the
house bill is now formed certain coun
ties are put on the .market. The bill
reserves the lands 'in the following
counties from sale: Gaines. Dawson.
Anilrews. Martin. El Paso, Reeves,
living. Winkler, Kctor. Upton. Crane,
Ward. Pecos, Jeff Davis: Presidio,
Brewster. Crockett. Val Verde. Sch
leicher. Sutton. Edwards. Kinney. Mav
erick. Zavalla. Dimmitt. Webb. Zapata
Starr, Hidalgo. Cameron. Uvalde. Mc-
Mullen. Ia Salle. Nueces, and Duval.
The bill does not interfere with ex
isting leases In those counties, but in
Midland and other counties which are
opened to settlement by the bill, the
leases are protected for this year if the
lease money has been paid to the stae
Mr. Hawkins contested putting Mid-
to put on the market, the house was or.
the opinion that it was ready for ac
This bill will probably be passed in
tho senate The vital nart of the bill
has already passed the senate.
Mr. Hawkins of Winkler county is
out in an interview. He says in part:
"So far as the counties opened up to
settlement by the respective bills as
passed are concerned, it snouid oe re
membered that this Is but indicative
svf Ihn continents of the two houses.
and the particular counties opened up
must be arrangea later on oy a iree
conference committee and concessions
miict hn mArle and on each side the
putting of Midland county on the mar
ket was accomplished by tne union or
those who favor the total abolition of
ha imoii linn inH those who were OD-
posed to any land legislation. The lat
ter voted for the proposition as a. re
buke to me, for my persistent efforts
in hehalf of what I conceive to be de
manded by truth and justice.
"Mr. Decker who onerea tne auiemi
ment was. and is an enemy to the bill
and voted against it. His ideas and
mine are radically different."
There am two bills Dending in the
senate which should become Jaws. They
are by Senator Wayland of Robertson
county. One provides a law against
kidnaping and makes it a crime pun
ishohia hv Haath or life imnrisonment
and the other seeks to separate a white
juror from a colored juror when on the
same jury and have to be kept con
fined any length or time, as tne law
now stands the white and colored ju-
v-.3 -a t-o rnnftnprl' in th same room.
Senator Wayland will not have a
chance to secure consideration or his
bills at the present session.
The Double-Header Bill.
The double-header bill is also doom
ed. It is now pending in the house but
it will never eee the light of day. at
least at the present session of the leg
islature. This bill inspired one of the
strongest lobbies that has ever been
in a legislature, but it passed the sen
ate notwithstandlnf, but it will never
be resurrected from the place where it
is now quietly sleeping. This was al
so one of the platform demands which
had been adopted at the Waco conven
tion: but this legislature has shown
much contempt for the demands of that
convention and its planks have been
disregarded with impunity. The rail
road employes made a strong fight for
the bill but it availed little against the
powerful lobby of the opposition.
This legislation has not been favor
able to land legislation and unless
something is done with the bill now
pending in the house on the land ques
tion, and that quickly, there will be no
legislation on that subject this session.
A land bill has passed the senate ex
tending the absolute lease line and
placing several million acres on the
market to actual settlers, but it has to
go through the house yet, while a land
bill has passed to engrossment in the
house, but may not pass in time to se
cure favorable consideration in the
senate at this session.
WOMAN AFIRE STIFLES CRIES.
Mrs. Julia Bender Unwilling to Disturb
a Dying Neighbor. Tho' Flames Curl
New York Mrs. Julia Bender was a
heroine last night without an audience.
She was alone in her fiat working
hard to finish a birthday cake, as a sur-,
prise for her little girl, who is 12 years '
old. . t
As a finishing touch she stuck 12 j
candles in the cake frosting. She light-'
ed ope of the candles to see how it
would look. The candle fell against
her dress and in an instant she was
ablaze from head to foot.
. But she did not scream. She tore
off her clothing and threw it in the
sink. Then she fainted.
A tenant heard Mrs. Bender's groans
and went to her assistance. When ask
ed why she had not shouted for help.
Mrs. Bender said:
"I wanted to. but I thought of the
sick woman across the hall. She is
dying and we have all been told that
we must be very still. I remembered
all that when 1 was on fire. I was
suffelng so that I knew that if I opened
my mouth at all I would shriek, so I
gritted my teeth and tried to put the
fire out myself."
Mrs. Bender's injuries are probably-
mortal. She would not go to a hos
pital because she wanted to be at home
on her child's birthday. Ex.
Mrs. Howell. Ladles Hair Dresser
and Manicurist. Hair shaapooed with
soft water and dried in half an hour
by the use of the warm air dryer, price
60 cents. Face massage.
Just received full line of switches
and pompadour rolls.
114 MESA AVE. TEL 224. 4 RINGS.
For the weakness and prostration
following grippe there is nothing so
prompt and effective as "One Minute
Cough Cure. This preparation is high
ly endorsed as an unfailing remedy for
all throat and lung troubles and its
early use prevents consumption. It !
was, made to cure quickly. Fred
FOR OVER FIFTY Y2ARS.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
been used for children teething. It
soothes the child, softens the gums.
allays all pain, cures wild colic and is
the best remedy for diarrhoea. Twenty-five
cents a bottle.
Th only absolutely safe Gasoline
Stove is the INSURANCE. The gaso
line cannot flow unless the stove Is lit.
A child cannot open it. Strong burn
ers. Second Hand Stoves Cheap
Stoves. Furniture, etc.. exchanged.
WELCH'S FURNITURE STORE.
Diamonds and all other precious
stones bought, sold and exchanged. If
you want the value on any precious
stone we will give it gratis.
Silberberg Bros., the Brokers.
102 Ran Antonio street, next to First
Ask for "EL PASO TRANSFER." the
best 5 cent CIGAR on the m ket. I
Approaching the Closing of the Sale of
The 15 - Cent Stock
Caballero jOnyx Mining Co.
OF NEW MEXICO.
For a short time only, as the greater part of the above stock is taken,
the books are open at our office for subscriptions to the above stock. The
stock is a clean, safe, and legitimate investment in mining and manufacturing
of onyx, that is pronounced unequalled. The stock is offered for the purpose
of development and the erection of a manufacturing plant in this city. No
debts, no allotted or promoter's shares compete with cash subscriptions; ti
tles incontestable; no salaried officers; no expensive shafts, tunnels or cuts.
Every piece has a commercial value, and the company will be able to pay
handsome dividends within one year after the starting of the plant. No
subscriptions taken for lees than one hundred shares. Investigation courted.
Send for prospectus, subscription blanks, and general Information. Speci
mens and photos on exhibition. Address,
Rttnkle & Peacock,
Sheldon Block, Opp. P. O. EL PASO, TEXAS
The company reserves the right to advance the price of stock without fur
The El Paso Live
Cattle Bought and Sold
Special Attention Given to the
... Baying of Mexican Cattle.
Office Nations Building.
San Antonio Street.
1 A TVJGfVN
X Large stock of Imported and Domestic Suitings.
Latest novelties, up-to-date styles and best workman-
ship. Satisfaction guaranteed. We give you the best '
value for your money.
312 San Antonio St' eet. X
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
T "Cleanliness Is Next to Godli
I El Paso Dairy Company
4. Producers and Dealers in
The Largest and Most Complete
Dairy in the Southwest.
J. A. SMITH, Manager.
'Phone 156. Office at Buttermilk
iiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiin in r
-A Repository of High Grade Goods."
"Tne Buggy Men."
R. M. Patterson, President. W. T. Batts. Sec. and Treaa.
Carriages, Traps, Stanhopes,
Phaetons, Road. Spring, and
Mountain Wagons. Mil burn
Corner Stanton and Overland Streets. Opposite
Architects' and Engineers' Supplies
Drafting Pens and Pencils.
A Complete Line
71 X tut
Stock Commission Co.
EL PASO, TEXAS.
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
DO YOU EAT?
If Ton Do and Like Something Good
fttll nt tha
Where you will find home cooking and
the finest cup ot coffee in the city. -313
North. Oregon Street.
MILK DEPOT. DAIRY LUNCH.
Milk and Cream Fresh From Oar Own
Open Until Midnight.
KL PASO DAIRY CO.. Props.
M. F. MAYHJSW, Mgr.
The Beat Line ot Buggy Harness
In the city. Dont fail to Ex
amine our Line While Visiting
the ' City. It Will Pay , Too.
Write For Prices.
It Will Alake You
When you get into one ol the collars
laundered at this establishment if yon
have been having your linen done up
by an inferior method to ours. The
shirts, collars, and cuffs laundered here
is the acme of fine laundry work, and
we send them home with a color and
finish that Is beyond competition. . t
Troy Steam Laundry Company
111 to 117 West Overland Street.
Blue Print Paper.
Field, Level, and Transit Books,
Kneaded Rubber, etc., etc.
of Office Supplies.
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