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EL -PASO DAILY HERALD, TLKSDAT. APRIL 2. .1901.
4A0E SIX. 51 .:T A rii KEPORT OF RECONNAISSANCE FROM FORT SMITH. ARKANSAS, TO THE RIO GRANDE, TO FIND A ROUTE. TO ESCORT EMIGRANTS, AND TO CONCILIATE THE IN DIANS. fContinuetl From Yesterday.) May 25. Our road has kept the di vide all day. as usual, was firm and smooth: pasties over a gypsum forma tion, and many or the hills have been entirely composed of it. At our camp we had good wood and grass, but the water i as usual where gypsum abounds far from being sweeet. We have seen many antelopes and turkeys during the last few days, but dr are becoming scarceas we advance. Buffalo tracks have been seen frequent ly, but as yet none of the animals themselves. May 2H. We continued to follow the dividing ridge today for thirteen miles, wlitn we came to a large lateral ridge, running off from the main Divide, which we followed, and did not dis cover our mistake until we had gone about three miles, when we encamped on a branch of the Canadian. May 27. Today, (Sunday). In accordance with a rule I have adopted, we "lay by", to give the men time to wash, and the animals to graze and re cruit. May 28. We retraced our steps back to the dividing ridge this morning, and placed a ttake. with directions to those following, "to keep on the left hand trace.." Our road passed from here to eur camp upon high rolling prairie; with no water or wood, and we were obliged to turn from the dividing ridge down to the bank of the Canadian. We pa&sed down over a gap in the bluffs; found good water, wood, and grass. May 29. The country we have pass ed over today, near the divide, has been principally a formation of gyp sum and blue limestone ledges, in which we discovered petrifications of orvters. and mussels. These are the first fossils we have seen upon our road. We encamped on a branch of the Little Washita; found wood and grass abundant. The country between our road and the two rivers ts much bro ken by hills and ravines, which appear to have been thrown up without the slightest reference to finish or utility; and I am convinced that the only place along near our route where a natural wagon road can be found is directly upon the crest of the divide. From a high ridge near our camp we can see Antelope, or Boundary mounds, far to the west. May 30. Our road wan upon the di- riding ridge all day. and very firm and smooth, but somewhat circuitous, fol lowing the windings of the "divide;" this has generally been very direct, aud. for the two hundred miles we have traveled upon it, I have never seen a better natural rotd. The country on each 'side falling off towards the Ca nadian and Washita, leaves the crest perfectly dry at all seasons. There are numerous small branches rising near the road which the skirted with tim ber and grass, thereby giving the trav eler an opportunity to encamp at al most any time he feels disposed. The soil is unfit for cultivation, being a hard, gravelly sand, and very poor. We left the divide near our camp, and are upon a branch of t.ie Canadian; the water, wood, and grass are good. May 31. This morning we followed down the creek, and traveled for sever al miles upon the Canadian: finding this part of the road sandy, however, we soon turned back, and came upon the high prairie between two of the Antelope buttes. These hills are about la feet high, of porous sandstone, and appear to be the result of volcanic ac tion. They rise almost perpendicular ly from the smooth prairie, are fiat up on the top. and present every indication of having been raised out of the earth y volcanic agency. They are near the 100th degree of longitude, and are sometimes called the Boundary mounds as being near the line formerly claim ed by Texas as her eastern boundary. We encamped this evening without wood at some holes of water in the prairie: we could have found wood by going six miles further, but our mules were wearied, anc! I concluded to use the "buffalo chips' rather than drive that distance. ' June 1. Taking the divide again this morning, we marched fourteen miles over a very direct and firm road, with out a hill or ravine, until we reached our camp, upon a small lake on the nigh prairie. There is an abundan.ee of never-failing water In the lake, and the kaffalo grass grows luxuriantly upon its banks. This grass Is very short aad thick: but animals are extrava gantly fond of it. and it is very nutri tious There are hills about a mile to the east of the lake similar to the Ante lope huttes: these can be seen for a long distance upon our road, and are good landmarks. As it is half a mile from the lake to the nearest wood, I would recommend to travelers to throw a few sticks for cooking into their wagons before reaching here. We re reived a visit this evening from four Kiowav Indians, dressed in their war rostume. and armed with rifles, bows, lances, and shields. They were on their way as they told us) to Chihuahua. Mexico, where they were going to steal miiU and horses, and expected to be absent from here a year or more. I brought them into camp, presented them with some tobacco and pipes, gave their, supper, and told them that we were disposed to be friendly and at prare with the Kioways: that it was the desire of their "great father", the president of the United States, to be on terms of peace with all his "red chil dren." This appeared to please them, and thev replied that they would com municate my "talk" to their people. who live forty nines norm oi uere uiu the north fork of the Canadian. I was much surprised at the ease and facility with which "Beaver" communicated urirt, hm hv nantnmime This ap pears to be a universal language among Indians, and tne same signs anu fea tures are made use of and understood -it trihiui Th ffrnrfi and raoiditv with which this mute conversation was carried on upon a variety or topics re lative to their road and our own af fairs astonished me beyond measure. I had no idea before the Indians were such adepts at pantomime: and I have nn vKatlnn In savins' that t hpv would compare with the most accomplished performers or our operas. July 2. We traveled sixteen miles today over a very good road, with but little water near.it. however, until we reached our present camp; here we havo vnnii u-nmi and water in a ravine. The country as we advance becomes gradually higher, and tne son conim ..x nnnr with hut HttlA timber. We "HIvIHe" nf the Washi ta and Canadian about five miles from the latter, and three miles from a large knnh nf th farmer. The wife of one of the emigrants encamped near us has been sick for several days, and report er tonight as very low. The fatigue inmnvnianM in which she is nec essarily exposed in a Journey over the prairies, has, no aouui. naa a. leuweucjr n n rryo va to her disease. Being a lady of delicate constitution, and having never before been subjected to the pri vations and hardships of a camp life, she is but poorly fitted to endure in frickne&s a march of this kind. June 3. This being Sunday, we stopped to recruit our men and ani mals. , June 4. We made a march of ten n ot.I mnehed Drv river. 111I1C9 iwiaj , " " crossed and encamped on the west bank. We found bluffs about 200 feet high on the east side, very abrupt, and crowned with ledges of sandstone; but after a short examination, discovered a pass which led us by a very gradual descent to the river bottom. This dis tance between the top or tne Diuns. nna cMa nt the stream to those 4VU V. BSH - - of the other, is five miles, and the val ley where we crossed about iwo miira n .Mth Th la wood, water, and grass In abundance here, and it is a fine camping place. rn onnmnehine Drv river from the east, our road passed up the ridge di viding the head branches of the Washi ta from Dry river; here the Divide, which our raod has followed about 250 niiu lurna awnv to the south, and from this place we see it no more. I am Informed by Beaver, who is wen 0naintMi with this nart of the coun try, that this stream has its source In an extensive salt plain souiuwesi u here, and that Red river, which has never been explored to Its head, rises in the same plain, and near the same place. It has generally oeen suppowru that Red river extended far west of the Pecos. and passed through a portion of the "Llano Esta- cado." but Beaver says it rises n t,n niain The Canadian, for the last two days "travel, has been shut in by high bluffs on eacn siae. ana me coun try between the bluffs and our road much broken by sharp round hills and deepgulleys. . The soil In tnls vicinny is "- 'J worthless and unproductive: no tlm- v . rny huMriinir and but little water. uri ui v - , We have seen many fresh Indian "signs" today, but no Indians, t nave cautioned the emigrants to be vigilant in guarding their animals, as many of them continue to De very ireia. (To Be Continued Tomorrow.) WALKING ON THE BOTTOM OF THE SEA. T he "diver's room" and the "inter mediate chamber'" are the most inter esting places in the submarine boat. Arganaut The diver's room can be shut off from the remainder of the boat by a door, and then can be made sir tight. In turn, the "intermediate" compartment can be shut off both from the diver's room and the main part of the boat. When the diver's room is in use it has in it a pressure of air almost double that of the atmosphere in the main part of the boat, (which is equal to the pressure of the atmos- nrriinarv street.) It is to prevent this great pressure of air trom pasting into tne main pun ui m boat as it certainly would do with a tremenduous rush If the air tight door were opened and yet to make it pos sible for a preson to pass irom the nu nor f th lmAt into the dl- ujnui - " - ..... ver's room, that the Intermediate cham ber was Invented. lie transferred ..ot tk. onhin to the divers room while the latter is in use(when it is not in use thi3 room is Tree of access in tne ur dinarv way I. he la placed in the "in termediate." and a current of com pressed air Is here turned on until the air is equal the air pressure in the di ver s room. But meanwhile that person's life Is far from being a happy one, unless he has been through the intermediate be fore, or has learned two hints, name ly, to say not a single word, but to drink cold water continuously all the time while the compressed air is be ing turned into the room. If he does ihii ha will not suffer the least in con venience: on the contrary, he will be given quite a tickling sensation, and in a few minutes he can step into the tho diver's room and enjoy what is going on without noticing any pecu liarity about the air there. Otherwise uhilo ho la in thn ir.termeclint. he Will probably lie doubled up with pain, the drums of his ears will feel as though the y were being driven into his head lih mnllota hia head will feel as though it is going to blow off from the eyes upward, ana his eyes win nn wit tears. The writer hps experienced the full list of afflictions. Hut once in the diver's room, al though the air is at the same pressure as in the intermediate, you have be come so accustomed to It that you feel exactly a-i if you were breathing ordinary air. When the pressure of air in the diver's room haj been raised to as SOME OLD RECORDS. many pounds pressure as there was pounds presure in the water, a door. n-hloh fnrma half of the floor in the diver's room, was dropped downwards. and strange to say. no us wno uiu nui understand science very well) the wa ter did not rush in and drown us. To law of science. M. Lake let some of the air pressure in the room escape. The moment he opened the valve the sea commenced to rise in the bottom of the boat at the same even rate at which the air was released, but the moment the valve was closed the water stopped where it was. A new current of compressed air was turned on, and at once the water went down again. Those of the guests who cared to leave the boat and walk along the rt tha cm were riven diving suits, one of which had a telephone in . . . tne neiir.et. oy means oi wurcu m wearer could talk with those remaining n thn lwnat u'hm tha suits had been donned and tho helmets screwed up. each man had only to mane a step ui irt ami ha was atandinsr on the ac tual sea bottom with some 3ft. of his body sticking up through the bottom of the boat and into the diver's room. By simply ducking their heads, how ever, the explorers were out of the boat entirely, ana witn one step more lhv u'prA nhla tn walk nnrieht as far away as they felt inclined. The March Pearson s. MOTOR BOATS ON THE DEAD SEA. The Dead Sea. which for thousands of years has been a forsaken solitude in the midst of a desert, on whose waves no rudder has been seen for centuries. Is to have a line of motor boats in the future. Owing to the continued in crease in traffic and the Influx of tour ists, a shorter route is to be found be tween Jerusalem and Kerak. the an cient capital of the land of Moab. The first little steamer, built at one of the Hamburg docks, is about 100 feet long, and began the voyage to Pal estine on June 16. An order has al ready been given for the building of a second steamer. The one already built and on the way Is named Pro dromos (that Is. "forerunner"). It will carry thiryt-four persons, together with freight of all kinds. The promot ers of this new enterprise are the in mates of a Greek cloister in Jerusalem. The management of the line Is entirely in German hands. The trade of Kerak with the desert is today of considerable importance. It is the main town of any commercial standing east of the Jordan and the Dead Sea. Its population consists of about 1800 Christians and 6000 Mos lems. The merchants of Hebron are among the chief frequenters of the markets of Kerak. Ex. TO PLEASE THE SCOTCH. "I see that King Edws.-d is highly de sirous of making a good impression on his Scotch subjects." ' "Then he ought to tuck up his coro nation robes and give 'em the Highland lling." Cleveland Plain Dealer. A LOW-PRICED WORKER. A Jersey farmer visiting New York stood looking at a sign In a book store window: "Dickens' Works All This Week for Two Dollars." "Wal." he remarked. "My "pinion is that Dickens feller is either a mighty poor workman or else he's confounded hard up for a job." Boston Courier. CONSISTENT. "Madam, are you a woman suffra gist?" "No. sir. I haven't time to be." "Haven't time? Well, if you bad the privilege of voting, whom would you support?" "The same man I have supported for the last ten years my husband." Ex. HER RARE ACCOMPLISHMENT. Denver has a pretty young woman so charmingly cross-eyed that she can entertain three young men at once and send them away each thinking that he monopolized most of her attention dur ing the evening. Denver Post. THWARTED AMBITION. "Ilello. Boomerlelgh! I thought you were holding down a seat In the senate at Washington!" "No; had a streak of hard luck." "How'i that?" "Just as I got my legislators rounded up for the flanl vote my bank failed." Bryan's Commoner. A TRIFLE. "Professor." said the girl graduate, trying to be pathetic at parting. "I am indebted to you for all I know." "Pray." said the professor, "do not mention true ha trifle." Public IMlger. KNOWLEDGE IS POWER. Ladies and gentlemen are cordially invited to call on Madam Lee, the sev enth sister of the seventh generation, who tells the past, present, and future, can be consulted on all matters includ ing business, courtship, mariages. etc. Madam Lee is an Egyptian seer and palmist from Alexandria on the river Nile, and has taken rooms at the Riche lieu, where she cai be consulted at any hour. Room No. 6. upstairs. ! LA UNION CIGAR FACTORY. The best grade or Mexican Cigars. The Victoria Colon a specialty. We do a strictly wholesale business. Mail orders promptly filled. A. ALVAREZ. Prop.. 204 Mesa Avenue, El Paso, Tex. When you are oilious. use those fa mous little pills, known as Ue Witt's Little Early Risers to cleanse the liver and bowels.. They never grips. H. Feisst, Campbell & Grayson. Letter From a Musician In Vienna. Vienna. Austria. March 10. Dear Mother Your most welcome letter came just an hour ago and gave me so much pleasure that I must thank you at once. If. there is any thing beside music lessons that at times a would-be or want-to-be-artist needs it is encouragement and I should not be surprised if the lack of it was not what killed Schubert and Beeth oven. Here within one block of Schu bert'8 house every one knows every thing he ever did and some of the things he suffered were enough to Kill him but for the faith he had in him self. My troubles, although not one hundredth part of Schubert's, at times do need encouragement and I am very thankful that It always comes when needed. Michel Zadora took my picture, with my kodak in front of Schubert's house, so I will send you one although it is only an amateur picture as "any one could see with hair an eye I believe that is the way the grammars have that sentence written. I am standing at the door, above the doorway is a bust of Schubert and a sign so: Franz Schubert s Gebursthaus. We will take some better pictures when the . sun once more consents to shine and we are better practiced in the art. I am dressed to go to see Frau Hed- licka-Loscher and hope to find her at home this time. She is mostly away and no one ever knows when to come. But she told me to come this after noon so I suppose I will find her there. Tomorrow eve is another recital at Leschetizky's and I am glad he never gets angry there because I saw him so angry last week that he was cussing. kicking and running at the same time. I was in the torture chamber or trans lated, "waiting room." when I heard hiui yelling and fussing and in a mo ment I saw him coming out or tne studio with his hands flying and run ning after a pupil he had just kicked out. He was angry because he only got one kick at him. Such a temper, no man living has beside him. but such a teacher no one ever will be.. Mr. Fischoff. the first professor at the conservatory said Leschetizky was the only teacher and said he al- wavs kicks every one out but tnat you must only wait a month and go back again because there will be no such teacher when he is gone so by all means do not lose this opportunity. Mr. Fischoff. as I wrote you, is a very pleasant little fellow and one of the best pianists. I believe I sent you a program oi Rosenthal's next concert and will write vou about it when I hear it as I know the program all except one or two small pieces. The last piece I began is ueautirui although it is quite loud. SFFFF and to take it SFFF is wrong so you can imagine I have gained quite a great deal of strength since I've been in Europe. I have some three or four pieces ana two or three etudes for next lesson but I hope to learn them satisfactorily. I think the severe nervous attacK I had will leave me soon. If not I will miss one or two lessons as it leaves me unable to play. Do not think this is from overwork for it isn't. For since I got my kodak and a good while before I took some holidays. Fraulein Dagmar Walle-Hansen gave a concert In Munchen which was a grand suc cess. Some of the numbers were "Con certo. Grieg. Arabesque. Schuman. Po lonaise. Bdur-Chopin. and Tarantella Leschetizky. The critics spoke very highly of her and she was then invit ed to play before a party of the royal family on the Sunday following ana made friends at once with the royalty. Fraulein Walle-Hansen is an artist. finished under Leschetizky and now has the position of assistant to Herr. Prof. She thinks of making a tour of America in a year or so and I am sure she would be very successful. Five years ago she was asked to play the Grieg Concerto under the direction of the composer and although the con cert was only one week off and the composer is very particular, she learn- ea the concerto and played it with Grieg conducting the orchestra and from memory in one week's time. The critics then said she was grand and even the composer who is very hard to please was very enthusiastic over her. I am very glad to be able to stay two years and know it will be so much better. I think that the two years will help me so that then I can work on in America quite well and probably quite successful at least I hope so. Will write again soon as my time is up now and I must hurry to see Frau Loscher. With lots of love for your dear self and grandmother and all friends. Very lovingly Your Devoted Son, Abby De Aviiett. Mrs. Howell. Ladles Hair Dresser and Manicurist. Hair ::han.pooed with oft water and dried in half an hour by the use of the warm air dryer, price 50 cents. Face massage. Just received full line of switches and pompadour rolls. 114 MESA AVE. TEL 224. 4 RINGS. FOR OVER FIFTY YEARS. Mrs. Winslows Soothing Syrup has been used for children teething. It soothes the child, softens the gums, allays all pain, cures wild colic and is the best remedy for diarrhoea. Twenty-five cents a bottle. Th only absolutely safe Gasoline Stove is the INSURANCE. The gaso line cannot flow unless the stove is lit. A child cannot open it. Strong burn ers. Second Hand Stoves Cheap Stoves, Furniture, etc.. exchanged. WELCH'S FURNITURE STORE. TEXAS STREET. Approaching the Closing of the Sale of The 15 - Gent Stock OF THE Caballero Onyx Mining Co! OF NEW MEXICO. For a short time only, as the greater part of the above stock is taken, the books are open at our office for subscriptions to the above stock. The stock is a clean, safe, and legitimate investment in mining and manufacturing . of onyx, that is pronounced unequalledThe stock is offered for the purpose of development and the erection of a manufacturing plant in this city. No debts, no allotted or promoter's shares compete with cash subscriptions; ti tles incontestable; no salaried officers; no expensive shafts, tunnels or cuts. Every piece has a commercial value, and the company will be able to pay handsome dividends within one year after the starting of the plant. No subscriptions taken for less than one hundred shares. Investigation courted. Send for prospectus, subscription blanks, and general information. Speci mens and photos on exhibition. Address, Runkle & Peacock, Fiscal Agents. Sheldon Block. Opp. P. O. . EL PASO, TEXAS The company reserves the right to advance the price of stock without fur ther notice. The El Paso Live Cattle Bought and Sold on Commission. . . Special Attention Given to tee ... Buying of fflex'can Cattle. Correspondence Sollcited.ss-' Office Nations Building. San Antonio Street. t SWA1NSUJN Large stock of Imported and Domestic Suitings. Latest novelties, up-to-aate styles ana best wortcman- X ship. Satisfaction guaranteed. We give vou the -best v value for your money. 312 tllllHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlllllllll "Cleanliness Is Next ness." to Godll- I fil Paso Dairy Company Producers and Dealers in fPMIMRGAM The Largest and Most Complete Dairy In the Southwest. J. A. SMITH, Manager. Phone 156. Office at Buttermilk Cafe. i iiiiii ii ii in mi ii iii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiumi iimiin "A Repository of High Grade Goods.- McIVER-PATTERS0N VEHICLE COMPANY. Tne Buggy Men." R. M. Patterson, President. Carriages, Traps, Stanhopes. Phaetons, Road, Spring, and Mountain Wagons. Milbnrn Farm Wagons. Salesrooms: ' Corner Stanton and Overland Streets, Opposite Fire Department. i i CO.TKIKr Architects' and Engineers' Supplies Boxwood Scales. Triangles. T. Squares. Drafting-Pens and Pencils. French Curves. Protractors. X Complete Line AT- M. H. Stock Commission Co. EL PASO,. TEXAS. & DREH1NER, San Antonio Street. DO YOU EAT? If Yon Do and Like Something Good Call at the BUTTERMILK CAFE. Where yon will find home cooking and the finest cup of coffee In the city. 313 North Oregon Street. MILK DEPOT. . DAIRY LUNCH. Milk and Cream Fresh From Our Own Dairy. Open Until Midnight. 1L PASO DAIRY CCA, Props. M. F. MAYHKW, Mgr. W. T. Batts, Sec and Trans. The Best Line of Buggy Harness In the city. Dont fall to Ex amine our Line While Visiting the City. It Will Pay You. Write For Prices. Lily White and just as spotless and immaculate as the Easter flower you will find linen laundered at the Troy Steam Laundry. Its cleanliness and the satisfaction that one knows he presents an Irreproach able appearance gives its wearer that comfort no; derivable from washing " and ironing shiftlessly done. We await your Easter orders. Troy Steam Laundry Company ' 111 to 117 West Overland Street. Phone 278. Blue Print Paper. Tracing Linen. Drafting Papers. Field, Level, and Transit Books, India Inks. Kneaded Rubber, etc., etc. of Office Supplies. WEBB'S. 5"