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Fort Worth daily gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.) 1882-1891, August 24, 1890, PART TWO, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86064205/1890-08-24/ed-1/seq-8/

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Pretty Girls of Other Worlds as
Been in the National Museum
A Hottentot Beauty wlio Weighs Four
Hundred Pounds Wonderful
African Bracelets
Pretty KaSer Girls Greaia a ClothlnSTat
toolnc la the Far East Tatooed Women
of AlastaFretty Ears
Special correspondence of the Gazette
WASumatOK Aug 19 The national museum
has Just rccelred a large collection of article
from the wilds of Africa Thli exhibit Bas not
yet been put in the cases and a great part of it
jsyet to bo classified I had a private look at
some or its curiosities today and my eyes grew
big as I handled the jewelry worn by the ladies
of the Congo About the only things that a
Congo girl cares for are her belt and bracelets
She wears in fact nothing else Her belt con
sists ota hand which runs around the waist and
which has a f rinse about four incbei Ion run
ning down in front of It The belt is ornamented
In various ways and I am told at tho museum
that the belt constitutes the adornment of many
lavage women in different parts of the world
Iu most of the tropical countries women wear
clothes purely for ornament and there is no
batter place in the world to study the woman
beautiful By this I dont mean the Venus de
Medici nor the ideal prettv woman of our
civilization 1 mean tho ideal beautiful woman
all over the world
Every tribe has its different idea of beauty I
took a Blotch today of the Hottentot Venus
who is considered the most beau iful woman of
the African tribe to which she belongs bhe is
the wlfo of a king and a painting is now being
made of her from a photograph by the artist or
the museum She must weigh at least 100
pounds and she seems to run all to hips arid
fat I dont belieTe she could sit down in the
ordinary washtub with her legs outside the rim
and she could certainly not be packed in a two
bushel basket She is so fat that when rhe lies
down on her back she has to have her maids to
help puU her up again and in this fatness and
grossness consists her beauty in the eyes of the
Hottentot man The Hottentot mothers stutf
their babies with food in order to make them
fat They force milk into them as though they
were so many geese and they were trying to
make pate de foi gras of them and many a
young girl is whipped by her mother because
she will not eat till she bursts This fatness as
a sign cf beauty is also a characteristic of
Korean women The fat Korean is supposed to
be wealthy and a girl who would weigh one
sixth of a ton ought to have a very rich father
The nottentot Venus wears noclothes whatever
and she shows herself on all occasions and
everywhere dresred only in fat The Korean
woman is more overdressed than her American
sister She weais pantaloons and skirls and
she never goes out without a green cape thrown
over her bead through the front of which she
makes a crack with her fingers just wide enough
for her to see through The Hottentot girl is not
arraid of a man The Korean Venus would have
her purity soiled it a man lobked at her and if
a stranger touched her it might mean death to
the stranger and herself
In this African collection are some of the heav
iest bracelets and anklets which are fonnd in
the world I handled one anklet made of brass
which was as big around as yourwrist and which
weighed about four pounds It would be impos
sible for a girl to run with such a thing on her
leg and there were bracelets by the dozen
which weighed about a pound or more Home
of these bracelets were of ivory Some were
spiral lite a watch spring and others were as
thin as bangles In India women often wear
bracelets from the wrist to tho armpit and I have
seen at Ben3res on women whose black skins
were covered with a cotton dress consisting
merely of a sheet wrapped around them and
which all told could not hare cost more than
twentyfivo cents uracelets of gold silver and
brass which would have purchased a Paris cos
tume Iu the hill t ibesof Burmah the women
V ear great bands of brass around their necks
and is said that one woman will sometimes car
ry much as thirty pounds iu this way In
the collection at the museum there are neck
laces of iron brass and gold and the objects are
of all shape and description The most curious
necklace to me was one of human fingers but
this was used by the medicine men of a certain
tribe rather than as an ornament for women
Two of the most beautifully formed women I
have ever seen were pointed out to me by the
curator of the African exhibit from a picture in
the possession of the museum They were
young Kaffirs were about fifteen years old and
fully developed Tbeywere dressed in the cos
tumes of the country In other words they
were perfecty nudewith the exception of a belt
of bark about six inches long aoout their waist
They have high shoulders beautiful busts
plum forms aim long lithe limbs Their hair is
curly and their noses are flat and I am told that
in this flatness they find a part of their beauty
Mothers think that the flat nose is
the only beautiful nose and they press
down upon the noses of their babies
to spread out their nostrils There is one
thing In dressing a young KatBr lady that Is de
rigeurv She must have a coat of grease every
day before she can go out of the tent She oils
herself until her black akin shines like patent
leather and then putting on her six Inch belt
and her ivory bracelets she Is ready for a siege
Until she reaches womanhood she does not even
wear the belt and as soon as she is engaged she
puts on a leather aprou that comes to her knees
fine has as idea that scars add to her beauty
and von will notice that in many cases a Kaffir
womans arm from the wrist half way up to tho
elbow has natural bracelets of raised flesh
This Is done bv cutting the arm when tho child
is young and filling the wounds witn ashes made
of burned snakes
These ashes produce to a certain extent the
effect of tattooing and you will find the tattooed
woman in nearly every countrt Professor
Hitchcock who Baa lust returned from Yezo
the island which lies between Japan proper and
EasternSIberia has brought some photographs
of the stvage aborigines of thit country He
says that the Aino women are beautifully
formed but that they disfigure themselves with
tattooing When the Aino wants to kiss he has
to kiss Inside the tatooed line which runa about
the girls mouth The probability is that he
does not know what kissing means for the
Japanese do not kiss and they never shake
bands This tattooed line is one of the Ainos
signs of beauty It runs along the upper lip
nnder the nose and between the under lip and
the chin and the two lines are united
at the corners Some of the women
unite the eyebrows by a streak of tattooing and
all the girls have tattooed bracelets around their
arms This tit oolng bezins at the ate of five
The skin is punctured with a knife and sootls
rubbed in A great deal of tattooing is dose in
Alaska and the museum has many examples ot
tattooed women ot that country Ther tattoo
differently however from the AJnos and
Lieut Niblacfc ot the navy who spent some
years in Alaska in the employ of the museum
has prepared a report upon this subject which is
now in press He says that the Halda tribe ot
Alaska have reduced tattooing to a fine art snd
that the women frequently tattoo finger rings
upon their hands and bracelets upon their
arms It often takes several yeats to tattoo a
woman properly and the legs and breasts re
tattooed as well as the fate and arms Tattooing
is done among the Thibetans and in the Him
alaya mountains you will see women with their
cheeks scarred and red paint rubbed into them
Among some of the fashionable ladies of Japan
I mean English ladles living in Japan tat
tooing has gotten to be quite a fad and a man
who returned last week from tho East in show
ing me a red white and blue design which
had been pricked by a tattooer upon his arm
told me that a half dozen fashionable ladies at
Kobe Japan ha had pictures made on certain
parts of their bodies by this man I could hardly
believe him but he assured me that it was a
fact It is only the men among the Japanese
who tattoo and tho Japanese girl keeps her
beautiful skin clean It in the same among the
Burmese and all of the beautiful women ot the
Orient the Venuses of Japan and Burmah are
the most besutiful They have skins as white
as ours Their forms are as plump and their
eyes as bright and their smiles as winning
The only difference Is in the confirmation of the
features and in the dress and in certain ideas ot
adornment which uiaLe up what they consider
There is no prettier ear in the world than that
otYuinYurq It is dainty as that ota babys
and its color is a delicate coral It is never de
faced with earrings and it sitson each side of
Yum Ynms Jersey cream face a fit ornament to
one of the sweetest picturesyon will find in the
world of womanhood Her hair is well pulled
up from it and if you could separate it from the
whole it alone would form enough attraction to
make the blood jump in your veins The Venus
ot Burmah has naturally jjst as pretty an ear
but site ruins it bv her ear plug As soon as she
Teaches that age at which our girls begin to
lenethen their dresses her ear isbored by a
professional ear borer and this boring makes
her a young woman It is done with great cere
mony Her mother gives a party and all the
friends look on while she is thrown down on the
ground a golden wire is thrust through the lobe
of her ear and twisted into a rinj
After the sore Is healed a bigger
wire is put in This is followed by a bigger one
until the hole becomes as large around as a
mans thumb Then a plug ot gold silver or
glass is put into the ear and is worn there from
this time on as an ornament These plugs are
sometimes studded with diamonds and in the
cases of wealthy girls they are very costly
Among the poorer Burmese women the holes are
enlarged until you could put a napkin ring in
sula of them The Burmese cigar is about three
times as big around as the ordinary Havana
and the Burmese women often carry their cigars
around in their ears In some cases the ears
are pulled out so that thjy will hang almost to
the shoulders and I have seen photographs of
such ears which contained holes large enough
for me to have put my fist through This ear
boring is done by some of the East Indian maid
ens and the daughters of the kings deface
themselves in this way As to nose rings the
Indian women have all sorts of them and you
will find that about halt the women in the
world ornament their noses There are all soits
of nose rings hero in the National museum The
women of Fooehow China wear a thin ring of
silver as big around as the bottom ot atiuenp
in their noses and in eating the put the food
through the ring into their mouths The little
screw earring9 which we are now using come
from the far East and you will find thousands
of them in India The Indian girls punch holes
all along the edg of the ear from the lobe up to
the top and they screw these earrings into
them They also screr rings into the roots ot
their noses and the blacker the skin the more
anxiops the women seem to be to ornament it
In traveling in China I saw at Amoy a woman
who was carrying the dirtiest kind of slops
through the slums ot the city She was bare
tooted barelegged and she wore a cotton gown
which cost about fifteen cents Still she had a
dozen great silver hair pins each a foot long
stuck into her waterfall and a bunch of roses
was pinned at the breast ot her blue cotton
Not a few of the women of tho world ornament
their feet and in India girls Often wear bells ou
their toes I have seen hundreds ot them
tramping along in their bare feet and making in
reality in the words of the old nursery rhyme
music as they went along These Dells are
ot silver gold or white metal according to the
wealth of the maiden They are a good deal
like sleighbells and are fastened to the top ot a
ring Ilka a fingerring that goes around the toe
In some cases a woman will have five of these
hells on each foot and in others only tho rings
are used andno hells About threefourth of
the women of the world go barefooted and some
ot the prettiest feet that you find anvwhero are
those ot India and the far East The Chinese
woman would naturally have a pretty foot were
ltnotforthe custom of compressing it to make
it smaller than it is The Chinese are beauti
fully formal they have small bones and are the
aristocrats of the world The Mancbn women of
North China do not compress the feet and their
limbs are as beautiful as those of the Venus of
the eapitol The empress of China wears a number
two shoe and no woman with a compressed foot
as allowed in the royal palace The bulk ot the
women ot China however nre not Manchus and
there are at least 150003000 of wires and
maidens in China who have compressed feet
There is a woman at Canton China who can
ataad and spin aronnd on a trade dollar without
letting her shoe come outside the rim Her foot
is one ot the kind that the Chinese go into rap
tures over under the name of the golden lilly
Itisahorribletthing however when it is out
side ot the shoe You find that the maiden has
merely been standing on her toe and that her
foot has been squeezed out of all sign of beauty
This squeezing commences at the time the
girl Is five years old and often when
she is younger The toes are tied under the
foot the heel is squeezed down towards ths
toes and the foot often breaks at the instep It
is terribly painful and it results in makin the
women cripples It takes away all the beauty
of the calf and thsre Is sot a pound of flesh on
any one of these IU000000 Chinese women be
low the knee I have a photograph in my pos
session of a Chinese womans foot Her leg 1
merely the shin bone covered with flesh as far
as the knee and yet her face is fat and her
arms are plump The Chinese women fatten
easily and fatness is the sign ot beautv The
Japanese womans foot is small and delicate
It has a good instep and the only
difference between it and the prettiest ot the
American article is m the apreadingapart of the
big toe from the other toes of the foot This
comes from the Japanese stocking and the Japa
nese shoe TheJapauese stocking reaches only
about three inches above the ankle It is a sort
ot a mitten with one finger tor the big toe and
the striae ot the sandle comes between the big
too and the rest ot the little toes forcing them
apart The Japanese girl U always well dressed
and she wears one of the mas pisturesque cos
tumes of the East She believes in paint and
powder andknows as ranch about hair oU as her
American sister
The Japanese woman has the most gorgeous
waterfall of the Orient and the women cf other
nations pay as much attention to putting up
their hair as we do Yum Yum is not at all
ashamed ot making her toilet either and she
sits on the floor before an open door or window
with her dress down to her waist primnlng be
fore a mirror She looks at yon and smilesas
you pass by and she generally has a maid to
help her primp and powder It costs about
twenty cents for the professional hair dresser to
put up a womans hair in Japan It is stiffened
with paste and the young lady is not expected
to have it put up more than once a week Ebo
lies at night with her hair on a wooden pillow
about as big as a loaf of bread to keep her per
fumed locks from the floor and she makes it a
point not to move her head in sleeping There
is no more luxuriant hair in the world than hat
of the Japanese and this probably comes from
the shaviug of the head when Bhe is a baby
The custom of shaving the head and black
ening the teeth upon marriage is dying
out and the empress is doing all she can
to discourage it Different styles of halrdress
ing prevail in different parts ot China and the
waterfall is known everywhere The Korean
girl wears her hair on the nape of her neck and
the lady servants of the palace wear about a
bushel of false hair on the tops cf their heads
The Aino women wear their hair down over their
ears like the men and perhaps the only short
hairedwomen in the world are those of Siam
The Siamese girls have beautiful forms and as
your boat floats iu and out among the water
home of Bangkok you see many ot them stand
ing on the steps ot their floating houses taking
their daily bath They throw a cloth around
them and step down to their waists in the water
and there aplash themselves to their hearts
content They have skns of a rich krome yel
low bright black eyes showing out ot button
hole lids and their hair stands up like porcu
pine quills all over their beads They hare a
roguish look and they are by no means unhand
some Miss OauxDY Jr
Divers Enigmas anUVOdil Conceits for
Brfeiit Wits to Work Out
Any Communications Intended for ThU De
railment Should bo Adrtressel to E 11
Cltadbonrn Lewiston Maine
173 Charade
Adolphus and Matilda fair
Were a romantic happy i air
They loved each other but the lad
Had never yet the courage had
To offer her his heart and hand
Though it was what ho oft had planned
Now they were standing on a muund
With charming scenery all around
A rippling streamlet near them ran
And in the distance they could scan
Mountaiu peaks uptowering high
And touching as it were the sky
WTiolt pcakd the lover said were they
He talked in a poetic way
Up to the firtt see how th y rise
And melt away in faroff skies
The maid was pleased with talk so wise
And showed her pleasure in her eyes
In the word whole in last I mean
A glimpse of lovers act was seen
Then he took courage to confess
His love in words of tenderness
And ask her hand and she said yes
Then there was last there always is
When lovers wooing comes to this
174 Transposition
He who boldly shapes bisjirsi
Cannot be by first accursed
For he bo is that destiny
Never is by firsts decree
Tis a tiro to be admired
Wheu by right ambition fired
Poverty or humble birth
Cannot chain aman to earth
Bitteb Sweet
175 fifnmes of Iapers
The nemes are hidden in the following
Our son John has just finished his new story
which promises to be such a success His Uncle
Conrad Van centers many hopes on him
on account ot bis journalistic propensities
and declares he will be another Aldrich John
doesnt seem to be bo enthusiastic about his
success but Conrad Is patching up his ambi
tion by encouraging wodstelling him he will in
time stand among the liaiing literary men of
the land He blways has to Inquire regarding
the progress of the book every time they meet
Of course we wish him success and every fa
vorable report erratic though it may be gives
us great pleasure Ethyl
176 Syncnpntlon
AirAoIenpon the water rides
And never sinks beneath the tides
Tis not a vessel nor a raft
Nor any other kind ot craft
When winus and waves are In commotion
It keeps its place upon the ocean
Lattt on land wo often see
And they may also swimmers be
Theyre lively frolicsome and gay
And oft annoy us in some way
177 Decapitation
O cruel whole offspring ot vengeful last
What mortal can elude your craspr
Pursued forever till our race is past
Wc can but live and feebly gasp
Sometimes upon the highest ron nd of fame
We can view the stars and know they are
The down deep down we fall with tarnished
And all our hopes ambitions we resign
Gold cold we take in floods ot gold
Or in the leade i depths of poverty sink low
Oh could we in our hands total hold
No grief or cares would mortals ever know
178 A Strange Satchel
One day a lady friond came to vieit me bring
ing vithher a traveling bag which I assisted
her to unpack I shall not be betraying confi
dence if 1 tell you what it contained Imagine
my dismay when I found in It articles llko these
A bond servant a space between two mountains
a dead calf and a piece of a boat The other
things wero what you might expect to find such
as a covering for the face abox of ointment a
receptacle for flowers a part of a finger ring a
small bottle etc
The strangest ot my story is that each article
was a part ot the bag What was the name tor
the bag and what were its contents
179 Numerical
The youngsters gather in the barn
And oil the corn ther heaped in piles
While telling each a merry yarn
With cheeks aUvreathed in pleasant smiles
4 1 2 8 of ancient times
Danced Jolllly on 6 7 5
Or sang some ditty of old Grimes
Who may chance have been alive
Bncollc songs are pleasing ones
And rnral ways more hearts to glee
Ahead of puzzlers ways and puns
Or modern sports and melody
180 Anagram
A great man rests when he is tired
For rest is then tho thing desired
Complttt is not a great man for
He ranks not very high in war
One noaccmmissioned may be brave
And yet in vain for glory crave
A whole performs hli duty in
Preserving proper discipline
And punishing offender who
Do not soldiers duties do
f ii
161 1 Because it is hard to heat 2 Because
he would like to sea it go off 3 Because it is
partly read red i Because he makes i
163 Flag
168 Blush lush
167 SI T F R S T
A lit II O L E
163 Bivalve
169 Whitemeat
170 W
171 Blower boner
172 Army arm
Tmiont HeJUtt
Hon W H Craln member of congress from
Texas writes It affords me pleasure to add
my testimony to that ot hundreds who have ex
perienced relief by the use ot your wonderful
HedAke Cures in fifteen minutes For
klis all druggists 60c
Ruins of the Grandest Fortress on the
Scottish Border Home of the
Pastoral Annandale How the Pilgrim to
Carlyles Rome and Tomb is Looked
Upon with Sniplclon
Copyrighted 1S00
Special Correspondence ot the Gazoie
EccLEFEcnAN Scotland July 22
Lying between Eskdnle on toe east and
Kithsdale on the west Is the sweet and
pastoral Annandale though not among
the most noted yet one ot the most lovely
valleys of the Scottish border To tho
leisurely and sentimental pilgrim tarry
ing among its pleasing scenes it appeals
with goodly fascination It Is but a ti ny
Tale thirty milesloug the river Annan
from which it takes its name having
its source m the Hurtfell mountains
and winding with gentle flow through
and between characteristic Scottish vil
lagesIts banks dotted with humhle crofts
larger farmsteads and all the lang srne
features ot countryside Scottish homes
Though the little valley is accorded no spe
cial fame among the Scottish people them
selves and is scarcely ever visited by
tourists to me it seems that in a few
particulars It possesses extraordinary in
terest Within the distance ot one days
tramp across live parishes through which
winds the gentle Annan can be seen one
Ok tho most ancient and certainly one of
the most hlstorio castle ruins of Scot
land tho first home in Scotlaud of Rob
ert the Bruce at Lochmalieu the birth
place at Annan ot the greatest and
most unfortunate of all Scottish preach
ers Edward Irving the wonderful phe
nomena the tides of Solway Firth which
are perhaps better observed from tho
great Annan viaduct oonueating England
with Scotland than at any other spot
along the Solway shores and the birth
place and burialplace of the one phil
osopher essayist and critic who has un
doubtedly left a deeper Impression upon
the intellectual minds in Great Brltian
and America than any other individual
who ever adorned and perplexed this
country crabbed crafty mighty and
glorious old
At about the center of Annandale In
the parish of Lochmaben are eight
curious little lakes shallow and with
sedgy shores In these are found the
vendace fishes from live to six inches in
length nowhere else discovered In
Great Britain of a brilliant silvery ap
pearance and in anatomy and flavor
much resembling those famous American
olscoes which in June attract such
bosts ot anglers to the shores of Lake
Geneva in Wlsoo nsin They aro the
most delicato fish known to the British
gourmand Their heads are ex
traordinarily marked in a puce
colored transparent substance with
the perfectly defined figure of
a heart through which when freshly
caught the brain may be seen
Along the haughs and mossbanks of the
lochs the deadly adder lurks and the
peasantry will tell you that these dread
ful reptiles are kept down by their im
placable foes the herons which are cer
tainly continually seen dodging in and
out among and hovering over the sur
rounding reeds and mosses About a
mile from the ancient burgh town of
Lochmaben on a tongueshaped penin
sula which extends into the lake called
the Castleloch are found the ruins of
the grandest fortress the border ever
knew Whether or not it was the original
residence of the Bruces granted by
David I in 1124 or an enlarged suc
cessor built In the Thirteenth century it
covered sixteen acres of ground and is
known to have been absolutely impregna
ble before the invention of gunpowder
It was a stupendous and magnitient pile
and the care and perfection with
which it was built am attested in
the Immense walls still traceable
and in the fact that though its
masonry has been exposed to the
elements of COO years one will today us
often break the stone itself as separate
by strokes of sledge hammer the stone
and mortar with which the walls wero
constructed It seems unfortunate that
so noble a ruin could not have been given
better care and preservation Oue half
of the structures of Lochmaben burg
have built from the material in the ma
jestic stone pile Cow houses and byre
walls for a half dozen miles in every di
rection disclose the source from which
their material was ravaged by protrud
ing molding splendid ashlar work or
grinning gargoyles it is said that a citi
zen of Loohmuben burgh warms his shins
at the identical pair ot jainbs which once
rested on the paternal hearth of Bruce
and the old key to the outer gale of the
majestic pile in which had been nur
tured the proudest line ot the Scottish
patriot kings on being discovered a halt
oentury since by the leadenheaded binds
of the district was regarded as such an
antiquarian prize as It weighed several
pounds that it was at once turned over
to the Lochmaben blacksmith for con
version Into a pair ot
UTILITAHlAN turf spades
The prim and ancient town of Annan
at the side of the Solway where the
Annan waters flows into that estuary is
a burgh of quaint old granite homes
inhabited by quaint old granite Scotch
folk rich contented indolent Great
square bouses great square doorsgreat
square windows with great square faces
in them tell the story of olden thrift
and the older border prowess with
now and then a quiet era of as Drofitable
smuggling whose headquarters werein
the sheltering port Somehow the
broad cool shaded silent streets and
deserted wharf sides recall Salem town
r on our New England coast and Its
flavor of romance when the old skippers
sailed home with their wondrous riches
and curiosities not always peacefully
got in the Indies East and West and
the Annanltes will match Salems Gallows
Hill with Its old castle site and Its dark
deeds of valor and blood in place ofSa
lems custom house and the desk where
the gentle Hawthorne tolled they will
bring you to the old academy now it
stately residence Where Carlyla once was
schooled and was afterwards its mas
ter in mathematics and for Salems
memories of Mather ther will recall for
you the wonderful career of that in
spired and holy man Edward Irving
whom for living too closely to his divine
Model the stern old Presbyterian de
graded from holy orders and then they
will take yon to the little house In Butt
street Fish Cross where lie was born
and over whose door the simple Inscrip
tion At this house Edward Irving was
born 4 August 1792 He left neither an
Enemy nor a Wrong Behind him will
remain through lime a brtghtenmg
epitome ot endless fame while those
who broke his saintly lite and heart will
molder in forgotten graves
Leading from Annan to the English
side of the Solway is a rait railway via j
duct one and onehalf miles in length
One cannot resist the temptation to cross
this into rockgtrt Cumberland for at its
southern approach Is one ot the oddest
little villages along the whole English
border This Is Bowness It consists ot
one long tompuotlybullt street perched
up there above the wild Solway tldos like
an eagles nest securely buug upon some
cragedge outjutting above a seaswept
precipice What brave old bouses hoTa
these Bowness folk every one as solid as
a castlo Like the Lochmaben people
who transformed the mighty castle ot
the Bruces into matteroffact Habita
tions and impregnable cowsheds the
inhabitants of Bowness scouted the
further utility of ancient Roman walls
and as the muststupeudous oue In Britain
ended hero it was in good time trans
formed into huge walled bouses with
here and there In their bard facades a
weird old Roman altar by way of
unconscious History and grim asser
tive witness of primitive Iconoclusm
These people of the Cumberland border
are fishermen and stntesmeu The
latter term applies in the two northwest
counties of England Westmorlaud and
Cumberland to those who farm their
own laudif it does not exceed a halfacre
In area and lands have descended for
centuries in the same families Some are
both statesmen and fishermen and
all are descended from
who could equally well turn their hands
to the plough to smuggling to the tem
porary bloody trade of moss troopers or
to the nets And it was not so very
long ago that salmon were so plentiful
In the Solway that servants engaging to
masters on the English or Scottish side of
the Firth stipulated that salmon or
other tish should not be given them
oftener than three days in the week
Strange qui t Godfearing souls these
Bowness folk with giant frames and
wondrous height with wide fair brows
great blue or hazel eyes and
leonine heads ot flaxen bair and
with dumb sodden speechless ways to
the end which brings them at last from
behind the Roman altars of their sturdy
homewalls to the drear old churchyard
dug out ot the fosse where once ihi
mighty Romnn defences stoud Tarrying
or going oue may well say of all
Bowness folks
Here are the quaint old homes with the quaint
old hearts
Where lite to all is measured in three parts
A simple way The birth the toil the rest
But a certain alertness of attention an
unconscious habit and attitude of listen
ing as it were true of every man wo
man and child on both sides of tho Firth
discloses that the tide Is coming up from
the irlshjsea These folk will tell you
they can bear it twenty miles away
Long before this if you are standing on
the cliffedge you will see the Ushers
waist deep in water hurrying on the
tightening of their upright nets which
for ten miles below seem like tiny fences
ot rush and away seaward with your
glass jou can see them scurrying up from
the ebbsllmo and sands towards safety
and the shore Then to your unprac
tioed ears come the falnl reverberations
of a hoarse roar and soon like a pillar
of flame In the play ot the sunlight the
great mtstbanner of the advancing wa
ters is Hung from Scotland to Euglani
almost from Crlffel to Siloth and moves
toward you like n lurid cloud above a
running battle In a few moments more
the brilliancy of the phenomenon is
greatest Preceding the advancing cloud
along the seething front of a wall ot wa
ter live miles wide glitter foams and
hisses a bank of spume and sprayzoned
rimmed and interlaced with tiny rain
bows The roaring of the bellowing wa
ter hosts becomes deafening For an in
stant you are enveloped by the cloud
That passed while you thrill with the
mystery and awful grandeur of the spec
tacle the great tidehead Is abreast of
you a true tidebore Buch as breaks
majestically into Micas and other estua
ries of the bay of Fundy cylindrical and
straight as an arrow across the Firth
and from six to eight teet iu heightwhich
sweeps past with a bellow aud shriek like
that of an hundred thousand coast fog
horns howling in unison while close in
its wake is the blllocky tempestuous
mass of waves brilliantly gorgeous in
fitfully swept prlsmatlo colors and the
Solway tide is in
were singiug for their breakfasts before
the doors of the grave Scottish villagers
at Ecoiefechan when I tramped Into the
hamlet behind them There were live of
them great hulking fellows and their
hoarse and aggressive bellowing wns the
only sound Indicative of human life In
the village even at that late hour ot tho
morning They stood beside a melodious
burn which dashed from under a covered
way and coursed on through the village
street Atone side of the stream was
an ancient wall On the other
were straggling houses and the
one before which the vagabonds
lifted up their harrowing voices
was one of the plainest and quaintest In
Ecoiefechan From Its appearance it
might have been an olden stable an
abandoned lodge at tne entrance to some
gentlemans establishment formerly lo
cated behind it or the ancient jail of the
village now smartly whitewashed and
transformed into a lowly habitation It
was a mlto of a thing with nn arobwny
through it occupying onethird of the
lower stoy At each side was a narrow
oaken door and nearer each end a
tiny window In the second story an
other little window above each lower
one looked into the street and over the
center of the archway were two still
more dtmlnutiva windows side by side
It was a double house of the dwarf va
riety and the one at the north end
where the strong lunged sorners sang
was the birthplace of Thomas Carlylo
The bellowing had brought much
capped guidwives to various windows
and alleyentrances at safe distances
I loitered near enough to hear them dis
cuss the matinsong of the tramps as
well as the house and its fo mer occu
pants They needna fash trouble thelrsels
tae sing there croaked one old dame
with a gentle swaying ot ber head be
tokening a reminlsoentlal vein of re
mark They meoht roar fieirsels
black i the face afore theyll draw
bluld trae that neep turnip
Oh eye crooned a still older
woman its weel kent naepulrbody
lver saw syne or soon the reohr side o
tho Carlyles sillerl
How Carlyles adorers wonld have
groaned to bear these old nelebbors go
on One hinted at their pride with
They tbouht thelrsels nae sheep
shanks Another nt their thrift with
They neor selld their hens on a rainy
day Another ot miserliness with
They gae their banes to nae dogs
Another of their asterity with They
warna eiiid to neebor wl And an
other bent oldjjody summed up what any
one will at once And is be the universal
feeling In the testy little Tillage with
the crisp epitome They were til to
thole That is it was hard to get
along with the Carlyles It Is hlstorio
that others besides these dim old souls
some who lived In the same houses with
found rr jcst that wat
The tramps got nothing for their offer
tory and after a few vicious kicks at the
door departed giving me opportunity to
reach the house Just as the huge form
and red veinous face of Mrs John
Gourley caretaker appeared at the
door Shaking a tinu blulgeon after the
vuaishing vaurants she relieved her In
dignation with Hoots Its a weary
day for auld Scotland whan theros na
body t rend a boose like this friie tha
low English beggars and then In
radiant expeotanoy of low English sox
penoes bade me enter
There is but one room below stairs
In the upper story there Is a room the
same size as that on the first floor This
Is retained as a sort of showroom
and is well enough filled to be interesting
with Carlyle relics including his famous
coffee pot In which he was wont to brew
his own coffee and his equally tobucco
cutter handmaids ot the Obeyne Row
Chelsea Inspiration and Inseparable
companions of his Irascibility aud dys
pepsia Off this little chamber and
sitting room In which is set a quaint old
fireplace Is a little long low bedroom
over the archway and In this Thomas
Carlyle was born Altogether the place
is uuinviting meager bard austere
The father who built it was godly stub
born irascible flinty as the Scotch
granite In which he wrought as a stone
mason truly ill to thole as the
bentback old guldwife who Knew him
so aptly desoribed the family Disasso
ciating the man Thomas Carlyle from
the heroism of bis lofty work you can
not come to one spot made warm ten
der and glowing for his having been a
part of It and the dreary old kirkyard
where he lies but a few steps from
where be was born Intensifies the feel
ing that something ot the human and
humane was lacking or was denied bis
whole line There does not seem to be
one soul in all the region where be was
bnrn and reared who recalls the family
name with loving kindness and respect
To be known as a pilgrim to the Carlyle
home and tomb Is to be re
garded with suspicion and sneers The
very grave stone is parsimonious and
shabby the enclosure uukempt weeds
and brambles orowd the spot closely
the lad that unlooks the guto snickers
behind you and as I stood for a little
time leaning upon the iron railing in
contemplation of the lonely neglected
grave of this rare old warrior Iu the field
of letters wondering after all if any
true greatness can ever exist so far
above the heads and hearts of the lowly
that they are not reached aided and en
compassed by it a bevy of rosycbeeked
roguisheyed Scotch lassies passed and
regarding me with hilarious scorn for
overlooking the merits of Ecoiefechan
itself for dismal loitering where the
hearts of none here turned one fair
maiden applied to a certain disciple of
Curiyie such sturdy words of badinage as
might well bewilder the bravest pilgrim
to shrines in foreign lauds
Musing lone one summer morning
In an ancient tcottish kirk yard
By the grave of rare old Carlrle
Reverent bowed and deep In dreaming
Suddenly there passed a maldea
Passed but paused Then smiling quoth she
Theres no yon but stanes an brombles
Muccle mairs in EcclefechanI
Then the roguish maiden vanished
From the place of stones and brambles
And I left the dank old kirk vard
With the lesson of her scorning
Keep thj soul from out tho shadows
Turn thy life from graves to gladness
This though but a hint in living
This I learned at Ecclefechan
Edgxh L Wakemax
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IS r o W xx w o o < a m T O 3C
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n it wnran sobt mcaet m a sted mu
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10 to 43 Norris building corner Fifth
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Seventeenyears experience including aerrlc
in Ex iaing Corps U a PatentOOcce Still
bketeh ofsXodtt for report at to faUatailiUt
Correspondence invited

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