a ruiUES OF THEIR EXPLOITS
At ToU by C. W. GEERS. One of Morgan'! Men
ANOTHER cruel mode of dis
cipline was to call all the hoys
out of their barracks and com
mand them to stand in a row,
in the snow, despite the fact
that many of them were so
thinly clad that they shivered
as the winds swept the prison
grounds from Lake Michigan.
They were commanded to
"right dress and stand
straight and rigid." Then the
guards armed with guns and
pistols, would form a line in
front of them, and with cocked guns presented,
command them to bend their bodies over in a
stooping posture' until the tips of their fingers
would touch the ground under the snow, the
knees to remain perfectly stiff. They called this
"reachingfor corn," and we would be compelled
to stand in this position sometimes as long as
four hours. Many of the defenseless boys, hun
dreds of miles from home and friends, would
become so fatigued that they would give tip
and fall over in the' snow. For this they would
be conveyed to a warm room in headquarters,
and after being thawed out, would receive a bar
barrels flogging as incorrigibles and past cure
except by torture. The blood would run from
the nose and mouth of many, and the guards
would taunt them as "paying dear for their whis
tle," though "they were getting off light for
Another mode of torment was to march all
the prisoners out of the barracks and make them
sit down in the snow and so remain for two
hours. There are men in Denton county, pris
oners in Camp Douglas, who will verify the
ftatements which we are making.
If all the Federal guards as mean as Henry
W'irz were punished in the same manner as was
Henry, the pension rolls would be greatly re
duced in number. To cover up their own diabol
ism thev tried "stop thief" and hanged Henry
Another cruel method was employed to punish
a whole barrack at once. The guards would
march all the boys out and make them stand in
the snow erect in line, telling the sentinels to
shoot anv man who moved hand or foot. Then
they would go off to a stove and warm them
selves, and on their return, would examine the
snow at the feet of the boys, and if they found
the bov had moved would act as though the boy
had committed a murder. They would drag him
to the whipping room and flog him without mer
rv. Tliev enjoved the sport. Denuded f Ins
clothing, 'thev would tic his hands together, and
command him to "come across." If he moved
while being whipped he would get twenty-five
f-r thirty lashes extra. If he cried out under
the torture it was an excuse for doubling the
whipping, and a fresh guard would lay on extra
laches. Other guards would stand with pistols
cocked and pointed at his head. In case the vic
tim could not lie still they would tie his feet and
hands together. .If he begged for mercy, they
would threaten to shoot him.
Right here we desire to record the fact that
these guards were, in the later part of 1804. sent
to the front. and nunv of them could not be made
to fiKht at all. Thev ran for their lives and two
of them were ordered shot for cowardice, so we
heard, after the war closed. They were the vilest
and most arrant coward in the bedcral army.
Hv this time all of them, no doubt, have envied
the river Jtvx to give an account of their crimes
and rcceivc'"such puni-hmcnl as Satan desires
for the unregenerate.
The guards would hold conferences to learn
if anv new device of punMinient had been in
vented and thev would always find a new mode.
Tieing men up'bv the thumbs and the other pun
ishments decrib'ed ahove ..becoming too monoto
nous, thev hit upon a new .source of sport I no
would procure one-half "f a barrel and have a
hole made in it large enough for the prisoners
head to slip through and so as to let the barrel
mi on his shoulders. They would pick out
ome proud-looking Confederate prisoner. aa use
him of violating some rule which they would not
name, and then put this ornament over In head.
Then they would force him to walk from one end
of the prison to the other a whole week cverv
'lav, continually. Often this -hazing pmce-j
like that of Annapolis, while fun for the guard,
was death to the victim.
Again, thev would pick out m appearing
in.l comparative! v well drcocd boy accuse Mm
of breaking a-rule and make him climb up and
down a ladder for a whole week without rot
except at night and at meal time.
Often in the dead of night theMiarp report o
a musket would be heard, which wcant death
to some one. The next morning we wuM
learn that some guard whose identity a, un
known, had fired into a barrack and kjllid a
keeping Confederate soldier. W c VICtt
the corpse as it was conxejed in a ort to tne
burving ground on the outside.
We remember that often our boys were caugh
About the slop barrels in search of bones from
n!ch to make soup. o nearly staned were tliev
If anvone was caught at this, the guard w.t.i
cocked pistol at his head, would make lmii take
it in his mouth, get on his hands and feet
go from one end of the street to the other a d
bark like a dog. Thev would do thi m seeking
tn excuse for killing him for disobo ihg on crs.
This was called the "doc performance. Panic s
Inferno does not furnish a parallel to the suf
fering of the bovs in Camp Dougla.
If a prisoner stepped over the "dead fine' in
tentionally or by accident, he would be shot
down by the sentinels on the parapet. If as
many as three prisoners were seen standing to
gether on the streets of the prison, they would be
fired upon by a sentinel and one of them klilcd
or wounded. The most innocent mistake would
cost someone his life.
All the Free. -Masons and Odd Fellows were
domiciled in barracks to themselves. All the
"loyal men," or those who had petitioned for
the oath of allegiance, or to join the Federal
army, were stored away to themselves. We
mean those who had asked to be permitted to
fight against their homes.
The ' loyal men" were the Benedict Arnolds
of the Confederacy and were small in number.
The great body of prisoners' determined to rot
and perish upon the altar of their country rather
than betray or desert iheir comrades. Like the
Romans, who declared that "while the Colisse
urn stands, Rome, will stand; and when the Col
isscum falls Rome will fall,". so declared our boys
in prison: "While Richmond stands the Con
federacy wil stand: when Richmond falls, the
Confederacy will fall ;" and they resolved to rath
er die as martyrs to? the cause of the South and
to the Stars and liars.
An application to join the Yankee army had
to be made in writing to Lieutenant Fife. When
a prisoner was seen to enter that office, we
knew he 'would be tranferred to the "loyal row."
He would try to keep it a secret; but his sneak
ing, villainous presence, his hang-dog air and
mien, invariably betrayed his treachery, and his
comrades would look at him as though they were
viewing a corpse. The traitor, feeling his shame
and degradation, would stand isolated and alone,
with his cap drawn over his eyes, or lie in his
bunk until summoned to retaum to headquarters
and thence to the "loyal and deserters row."
The three barracks composing this "row" were
looked upon by the boys in gray with more scorn
and hatred than were the negro soldiers or the
Federals. Wc were told bv the Federals that
they had orders from Washington to pick out
the' "white sheep" and separate them from the
goats, to be looked after by the great Shepherd
lest they become contaminated by contact with
the rebels. The Yankee soldiers, however
looked upon this class of men with a suspicious
eye, and would not trust two or three of them
together with guns in their hands. N'o two of
them were allowed to serve together in the same
regiment ami wc heard that no Yankee would
sleep with them under the same blanket.
After having undergone all the preliminaries
and taken, the oath, the prisoner, escorted, by two
or three 'Federal soldiers, would return to the
barracks and get his things and then leave, never
to be seen bv us again.
We were allowed to write short letters home,
within the Federal lines, once a month, but were
not allowed to seal them, as they had to be in
soected bv the censor.
Lieutenant l ife passed through the prison o.ie
da v. followed bv his pet dog. The little dog.
was fat and playful and wagged its tail all the
ti:ve. The dog was enticed into fine of the bar
lacks. l ife missed his dog and put a notice on
the bulletin board, offering ten dollars reward
for its return. A prisoner wrote under l ife's
notice: "For lack of bread, the dog is dead:
for want of meat, the dog is eat." This enraged
I ieuteiiam Fife and he instituted a rigid investi
gation as to the fate of his dog. Ultimately the
barrack was discovered which had butchered and
eaten the dog. As a penalty for this offence ra
tions were withheld for three days from the b -
occup- ing this barrack. .... .
One morning (iencral Joseph Hooker entered
the -i-ison on horseback, followed by An escort
of officers. Thev w "rt mounted on fine horses
sow! their uniforms were tiinimed with Inc. an I
their shoulders were decorated with flashy epau
lettes It was an imposing scene. They dashed
-.round the prison square, and then out through
the gate, making their visit brief indeed
Covrrnor Morton and Governor Oglcshy al
iitcd the prison in a fine carriage. Morton
made a speech in which he said he was in favor
of an exchange of prisoners.
Wc were also visited bv twelve Indian chiefs
representing twelve tribes. They were on the.r
av to Washington City, to confer with the
Crvat Father." They remained in the prison
but a few minutes.
Hapii-t preacher would occasionally viu
" from Chicago. Ignorance seemed to be his
fort He loved our souls but denounced our
bodies as animal and carnal, that ought to be
destroved as thev consisted of meat only, being
spiritual and brutal. He despised our "ways
which be thought should be destroyed as
"stubble." meaning our principle., habits, con
duct etc A our wavs were directed by tnc
M,irit. the body being but an instrument to do
its will we c uild not see how he could l-ne tu
ail,or of our wavs and hate the meat. The
cards would stand around and cry "amen and
look at us to see the effect 01 the sermon. He
would blow his nose, snif.le tears, and smite his
brea-t. while speaking in a whang-doodle tone.
?king the Lord to ..pen our eves and be mcrc.hu
toward our sonK He was the blindest most
illiterate, heathenish jacobin we ever saw at larfce
in the country. Hut the guards many ..f them
as mean as the preacher, enjoyed his low nbald
TV and we were forced to be present at the ,-o.nt
of "a bayonet. Several of the l-oy were made to
ride the "mnle" for declining to ..hake har.ds with
him We heard at the time that wc were sub
jected to this infliction in retaliation for baptizing
Federal prisoners in Kentucky and Tennessee.
Hut our preachers had never forced the Yankees
to be baptised or to listen to preaching. Such
as were baptised had voluntarily confessed
I pray the Lord my fouI to take." Scores of our
men were shot andkilled without provocation,
but there is no record of a Federal guard being
called to account for murder.
Sometimes a prisoner would be compelled to
v..) 1 rv In ill nifrUt - Tf "l nfrli t Via ursMlt4 Vl -All
During the night, in the dead of winter, the veyed to "Morgan's mule" or shot down "for
prisoners were not allowed to approach the stove, attacking the guard." From day to day and
KOBAKEKSLet us handle your
kodak business. We develop your films
free. Also sell Eastman films. Out-of-town
mail orders solicited.
HINSDALE & BRYANT
5 Main St., Fort Worth, Texas
Ii' 1 -j ' ' wj-j - -;i
1 1 11 mi.werluf lierll.er. mention (hi, ).er.l
The bleak and storm-beaten barrack issued a
melancholy moan as the chilly currents of air
blew through its rifts and cracks diversified only
by an occasional report of a gun, and the cry of
a-wounded or dying soldier boy. All felt that
they were in danger of being killed before morn
ing, and hundreds of them employed the praver
which they had committed to memory at their
mother's knee: "If 1 should die before I wake,
night to night, the process of pain, starvation
and shivering was continued in this wretched
abode, which wc shall not attempt to describe
further, but will leae the boys here for the pre
sent and follow Morgan and his officers who
were marched from the cars at Columbus, Ohio,
to the penitentiary.
litorle of Morgan' Men will appear nnr month In
thin ecilon "f the pnper.
Southwest Texas Shipment.
Following is a classified ar
rangement of the shipments from
Southwest Texas, in carloads:
Onions. fS.V). value, ?'M.V"o I
O. H. Kilionlnr, President
Oorfta H. IHM, Kec'y. Bnd Trf..
PnMli oitllwrn nnil rrnnntnt.
W atrnlirhlnn nnil 1Jut mnipllrt
H brink and account for any limi
ne nl for town nnrl imintio ,
General Office. Jnanlta HnlllUnB,
Telephone .Main '.'SIS.
iln an.eerlnf 1eril.er. m.ntwti flit" p.lr '
cabbage. 203, value. po
tatoes, 804, value, SK.of.j; can
taloupes, , value, $7i : ciicum-
Sail pool fahlea are
e. Write n'.w If oa
waaf ma maaey.
TKH FITTI RK t o.
FfilM' WOH I II, TKX Aa.
A I'nited States naval officer
has invented a torpedo carrying a
gun which discharges an explos
ive shell into the vitals of a ves
sel after the torpedo has punc
tured the hull below the water
H CPFJXMAN.J S
.rT --ri. i nH-b-V-olfnT .
I7i7 CQMecr 3 r..
nrifninJ Hnr TriMe-Murk i etflnfrerl. j
.(.rmMltaOnn Mini I it forma linn fre 1
Writ" for Inventor' O'lldi. I ; k. Ofrl-'
at ll"upton itnil WnhlnnOn. Main'
office Houston. I.iiinliermana IlitriK
nulMitilf. Thone 4751
HARDWAY & CATHEY
li. n. Taraer. T. '. Ilrmllrj.
fin nwrlnr fTrrl'wri nifn'.n till ir I
bers, 07. value, $J'.-77 ; mixed
vegetables. 13. value. ?-.7'5 : I''"'
beans, 2. value. Si)?: tomatoes.
Turner & Bradley
tltorae, anil nnnnellor at !..
li.Kim 404 n. "5 l'lrt Nati"nl rUnk
HnlliUniT. I'ort Worth. Texan.
Xexas Carlsbad Water
'ore hivI rellee I : num 1 1 m. Malarl. ' otiilr- t mn. KHnev nd Rii4"1er
TroiiH- If n'ir ilealer hnt iroi it rile Ti:X KH r IM.SBAM WATKR
. OMPA.W f..r li. Minerl Writ. Tex..
.1, value. !?')in: vcllow anis. 10.
value. ?j,o3 ; green beans. 1, val
Loral and Wn Mtance Telepliono
( iinneci l"ii.
JAMES J. MOLLOY
P11I I (Una otilrarfor.
.Ti7 Jtinnit HutMinu. rnUun. T
Ktlm.iti)4 kI,,,,,v f tirninhfd on ui--f-inwn
.In nwrin n.lvrtl-fr. m"
lor the n-c of dentists an-1 bar
bers there lias In-rn inentr.l n
metal holtler fr tumbler, uiili
wh'wh water tnay be hrair! by
rleetririty t any Iesirel te!rpera-tare.
MMt-ji. Jf.hn M, Hfi-'UniHn n'l .1
Murray of InllHt nnnniifr" fh lanef
nf f(iliw ing nttnti fr'm W rh-
) n 'f fin i rt f ln if 1 n n, ffv t :
w-k rndtnR April 'jn. I! IJ
I ' k Mr, Kl r (I H , Pit rln. Tx . Iiv.
f)i .(! rburi f v.
Mnnkff. ThrAilnrp 11.. Snn Antonio.
T. 'hlrl. ilri
M!tlM. W lltljiin 1, aPdiKiinr of rur
linlf t'i .1, ' irA, Vinton, l,a . imtpp
llnt flrvlr for nrfriilsn w t-ilii
Kvrrl. WiMfam I'.. H.i n if i r, Tn.
r r 4 : tip M a rtfi
itrhr. Mi n'v .f . P' ant W , T tvi .
I rx 1 1 Hurl
f ;'.. tJffirm '., h!n. Txrt Hjm'atn
..t T. ton- irry t ' li-u i a r nr ftmpm:,
St. I.'.'ite 'n : t-l alfUlu t :iiC rl f-1 ire
l.rnbn',', ' ;i r I W, !' irrx'-r. Trvan,
Clif I 'Ml r'oppol .
Mr K fit1'. .I:n" ft . M.i rui .ill Txn:
hn1iitrht tr u t 'm'ti!
fi. .lanit U. t'rf'irrj
rntm uv tif
1 i.'a n ;i n. K'i t r 1 ' 1 . mi( n r t
Hnn ('iutt'h 'n,, S.mi Artuf.lo, Tkfi.i,
r'Mii ti nrtt f 1 ii ti-i i n n '1 n jr : jti t r.
h'i ht i :, i iy X , Itftt-r-n, TfiXAfi, p'itnp
-Mir;M Sfvrn f. San Antfttit.i T
mm: Kau r tii'iif.fnr f'-r 't'li.;-! ta-iku
Ttio.nnjion llpntv, Vilrr,i, T .
Hf1 - mt Tfrt f,Mr"l
trriie! Irr. Y'n il H., 'n tftct. 'Ia:
V 1 1 k in'fi, "harlp '. ,'olcmin
Trs. w irt-- iivlinii- )i-vl -.
Economy in Lighting Gaj.
( Vuuparati rly few people real-
i 7 c 'lit the pas bill may he very
j pei iep:ibly rc'luced by exerci-inc;
ohtaineil n1 Tr M.i rk 'j-if erei.
' 'rtntii 1 1 t i on mii-I 'if"rrnt'on free.
Write for tn'entor '.i' Ftook. Off(.
r at liou.iori an Whliiuton x(aln
r.ffi.e. I.iinlierm n Hnk T'llHlPf.
Hon. "in. Trxn. !'i o- i;jo,
Hardway & Cathey
rare io liht tli' i?is properly.
Hold the lighted nfdi to the
burner, tlien verv slowlv turn on
j. it - T.f.
ASK YOUR DEALER TO
SXOW YOU OoE
W Itlll lit til K.
I hr l-'ollnMlna I Ireiilar Letter peak
V o i I..I ve f! i ilt e. 1 1' I- i il n . r i e
Oie 4r hflt 0 H.KinHlliir
ri.i! len furnir.i in Im:i... i l'l
r-nr iTirhni an. I other . u i... mul,
ili.'ii Intrm on Oie ir,-et. T..i -'f.i-iaM'-n
aim to 'ir r.-wlio,
.I l.r l.effer lo' .. ti"r-h 'nv'na' : '
t -on w Merer-. Iai lhe e h s 1 1
l,riint, noriaht a n 1 u.ef.i! rl'lT. 01"
our . o mm u n ! l .
In li.niH' l! l.f Hi- , ..- ..f n i I
i a. l!-e nem..'-o- ha. he. n tr.e ni"-l r
!.-;. :. I of .f ,.i:r on .. -rv lt
lle :.. ever l.eeo . !. ' i . e.I ' :t".
It i Ir.e Itilenii'n of t' e in.',j:'iui
'or, t" fenr .t.:i'i.-' v. i- , ,t ,i
fMle.. lip for r.l'l w room .n .:i
t m i lum .il ' i, i'.ii'ii r"..in. i'. e
'. eM'eet To eni( I T ' 'T'. . e.
a i onipetent niin 'o look 0 r i'
weifaie n' th. .- I e e vP,. i 1-,
hve furl h..l' to ,..,.!
1,-e-lv ho. in K. l'f ; trt res ,
ho. ttuA he'. i ill. ni In .e Ive-l-tv
In or.lei I, a. . . . .1 1 1. 1 1 i t!,e.e etlO"
I'e troter. e .le.ofe ti'-O if e l
i,,-e .. 1 1 t- n expenditure of a'.on
IT. (...., pr rtimiini hereer th n--iert
. I'een hroche-t herf. .
po.i.e I.. I.een niel with n1 I in
ure thai to: .ouTe:f nil nt '
he .one pai r In h. iplra in t'
rreaf eorK Anv rnnt 'h u'on wile,
oil n. feel ,.poe.1 to cive !
noMe enteprj.e. mill he areteO ''i
-eve.1 riee Hake ..SI remtMan.'P
to i:n. ! A l ull" i'"l'fnn
Vo ir f.Hliful!'-.
LoVAI. A rv.PI:lS eiTiiii,
of rinanre I 'o- TT , t : ye
I IHMNKT. I'AV.
. rMii.urs m i.
J. J. I. MM ox..
Ot T" M TTf.
Maps and Blue Prints
WritcThe Electric Blue Print Co.
,ln .-,,. nr; rl-t" rrcri ' r i ii n i,-r t
il.e pa-. M"st people turn the
C.'i- en full f"ree, tlirn apply the
mau-h. A sli-ht ovploM.'ii enucs,
w tvT vi.-.
1 t I V. II X 1 II K II t R Th 1IK.
Tl." ini. hHVe I'd Ml. eir.-r ..f ! I
p i.nner h- o'i- melho.l ii .end
..f; f..i hfl-he'. We mij.t Hiil'Tly them
Lefn o""- iin-1 r. ept joh i:-.t pi. '
l.m iien. tr.iiie work T'-oi
t n I oki romplete Our
mhi i n nvnni- H t oi.i.i;r,-,
l"-, VA Klt.t I 'Tl Worth. Texa.
rtlnrli At'i'ei ts t'ie meter and eu'l
t f"fw;irr rapidlv.
(rna- Nw RoteL)
Puralihtd In Birch and HarMa,
CpciOJ lobbj. Arteln water, l i.
rtM.nt aervlre T heart af ntv; ron
venlent to etreat ear. Interurbar.
ra ( itoar. Ratea fist too h n
r inn i.inee mn or fe.jii.t.
t It n
fcrnotf this nrATSPAPER
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