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Local and National By J. H. Lowry SPEAKING OF rKOI'TTKKKIMJ Jacob was perhaps the world's first profi teer, lie is the first profiteer we read of in Holy Writ, and if there had been profiteers be fore him 1 am sure the Good I'.ook would have handed their names down so that posterity might have anathema tized the old scoundrel.-.. .Jacob did just what the profiteer of today is do ing. He caught some body that had to have something and socked the price to him pood And strong. Opportunities for skinning stran gers and the public weic not as good then as now, and so Jacob, bring a profiteer by nature, skinned his brothrr. Ksau was hungry, and it was with him iust as it is with the thirsty individuals of today - not a question of price, but of getting the goods. Ksau was hungry and Jacob had home pottage. Ksau offered a fair price, plus twenty per cent., but Jacob said there was nothing don.g. Finally Jacob was asked to name his price, and Ksau was told he could have all the pottage he could devour if he would sign a quit claim deed to his birth right and his position as the head of Lsrca . Ksau declared the price unreasonable, but Jacob told him he could pay the price or leave the pottage alone. There was no other pottage stand within a day's journey, so Ksau signed on the dotted line and ate the pottage. There were no food commissions, no legisla tures or Federal courts in those days, so Jacob escaped legal punishment for his awful crime, but let no man think the old patriarch escaped retributive justice, for this came to him in lull measure. To escape vengeance at the hands of his brother he had to flee to a foreign land, and had to travel at high foot speed all the way. Could lie have remained at home, he might have had the fairest maiden in the land for a wife, for the asking, with a full comple ment of wedding presents on the side, but in the far-away heme of his uncle he had to agree to toil seven long years for the gazelle-eyed Kachel, to whom he began to whisper airy noth ings and at whom he cast nioon.-hine glances soon after his arrival. Mut as Jacob had meted to Ksau so it was meted to him again. He said in his own heart that he ought not to give more than a month's work for Kachel. but Kalian owned the girl and Kalian stood pat on his proposition. "Work seven years for her, Jake, or leave her alone," said Kaban. and so Jacob signed on the dotted line. He .-heal ed sheep in the hot and drove cows in the cold; he salted the calves in the blizzard and fed the donkeys in the snow, and from these and other drudg eries he felt that old tiredness creep into his bones, a tiredness that abided far into the night until the Arabian winds wailed a requiem and the Arabian wolves howled a dirge that hilled the old tiredness into sleep. The seven years up, with the lulls filled with Kaban's cattle as a result of Jacob's care and toil, the tired Hebrew took a bath, got a shave and went to claim his bride. We don't know how the trick was worked, for the Hook doesn't tell us, but we do know that there was a wed ding, but when Jacob woke up next morning he , found himself the husband of that red-haired, crossed-eyed Keah instead of the beautiful Kachel, whose face was so fair that it put to shame the blush of the peach and the russet of the plum. What Jacob said we don't know, though we have a fair idea of what he thought. He complained to Kaban, of course, and when the latter told him it would take seven more years' work for him to land Kachel at Hymen's ultar, he kicked worse than the proverbial bay steer, but again Kaban stood pat, and next morning Jacob shucked his wedding robes and entered upon another seven years' term of sen ice for the heart and hand of Kachel. liven this was not all of the package that retributive jus tice handed to Jacob, lie mourned for a long time over his favorite son. he came near starv ing to death and finally died in Kgypt. leaving his descendants nothing except the abuse of their cruel task-masters. Such was the fate of the first profiteer, as recorded in Holy Writ. I used to shed tears over the fate of Israel's patriarch, but since coming in contact with the profiteers of to day, who work upon the very same line that Jacob worked when ho fleeced Ksau. I only say that Jacob didn't get all the punishment he earned. The profiteers along nearly all other lines have received some attention already. The Government has scared, if it hasn't pun ished, a lot of fellows who have been cleaning up a profit of four hundred per cent, on food stuffs. A Federal commission is even now out after the meat packers, and if it doesn't do anything else, it has already forced the packers to issue several pamphlets and carry some ex pensive advertisements in the newspapers, set ting forth how small their profits really are. There has hern so much talk of high-priced shoes that the shoe manufacturers have taken fright and announced a reduction, in the price of shoes fyr next May at the beginning of the warm season, when most of us could go bare-footed. Hut there is one class of profiteers that have gone singing along their way, tack ing additions to the juice at their own sweet will, unharmed by Federal commissions and un frightened by ( lovernmeiital proclamations. The class of profiteers to which 1 refer is made up of the city hotel keepers. Some of these autocrats think no more of charging a person three dollars for a bed to sleep on seven or eight hours than they would think of charging two cents for a postage stamp. It is with them just as it was with Jacob and Kaban. Jacob had the pottage and Ksau had to have it or starve; and so Jacob made the price. Kaban had the girl and Jacob knew he couldn't live without her, and Kaban said work fourteen years for her. The hotel keepers have the rooms and the beds, and after walking the streets for hours the weary traveler is too weak to stand up all night, and so he pays the price. The autocrats of the inns may not be pursued by retributive justice in as many shapes and forms as Jacob was, but they are as certain to reap in the way of legislation as the night is to fol low the day. Prediction: There'll be some hotel legislation at the next session of the Legislature that w ill cause many to sit up and take notice. I write this before the election of November 1, and cannot, therefore, give figures, but 1 am willing to stake all the reputation I have ever enjoyed as a prophet, and all chances of ever becoming known as a prophet, that not I" per cent, of the Votes of Texas will bo polled. And yrt seven very large questions are to be voted on. We are to say whether we want a new constitution for the State, we are to say whether we wish a change in the manner of providing for the State's educational institu tions, and we are to pass upon the question of issuing many millions in bonds for road pur poses, and yet 1 make bold to say that not one half the qualified voters of the State will go to the polls. "Measures, not men," has long been the cry, of politicians, publicists and peo ple, but everybody now knows this was false. We simply won't vote unless we want to elect some friend sheriff or keep some enemy from being constable. As a rule we care nothing about measures, and until we give heed to the large affairs of state we cannot establish clim to being intelligent, patriotic voters. S1IAKK WK As much as we despise Ger PHKPAKK many and German methods it is not going to be an easy task to keep us from Germanizing America. We have cried out against militarism, and at the same time we have looked upon militarism with eager eyes and longing hearts. Some one men tioned a great military genius in connection with the presidency, and the movement to force the great general into the presidential chair spread like wild-fire, even though the worthy general had never given a month's study to the affairs of state and peace. His own good sense hushed the clamor of those who would have puik-d him into the White House. And there are men today advocating an army larger than was ever marshaled on the plains of Kurope. "We must prepare," they say or we will have war. Germany prepared, and when her preparations were completed she stalled the greatest war the world has ever known. My observation leads me to say that prepared ness always means action, with nations and with individuals. A woman with an elaborate wardrobe is sure to do some visiting. A surgeon with a new kit of tools will find appendicitis. And a nation with the greatest army in the world will find cause for war. It was so with Germany, and who can say it would not be the same with usV Airplanes are numerous now. They are visit ing the smaller towns of the country and giving ten-minute rides for ten dollars. As yet the people have not called for legislation regulating airplanes, but the day is near when they will. Pretty soon some aviator will drop a monkey wrench from the clouds, and that wrench will brain a child or cripple a dog. And it will not be long until an aviator loses control and his machine comes crashing to earth. Some man's house will be wrecked, some man's team will take fright and run away, some man's cot ton crop will lie seriously damaged, and then trouble will start. Heretofore ownership of the air has not been a question of considera tion, but it will be .soon. The man who owns a piece of land, owns it as far downward as you can dig, and no man can dig under him with out his consent. Hoes the title run upward also? If it docs, no pri.son can fly over the property of another without the owner's con sent, ami the owner will bo slow to give consent after his child has been killed, his teams have been scared, or his crops damaged. A Her all, wo may have to lay out highways i,i the air just as we do on the ground. Perhaps we are making a great mistake in not standing with the miners who want a six hour day, a five-day week and a sixty per cent, increase of wages. This is getting- work down to about the notch I always wanted it. When we get the work hours and the wages fixed at the right notch, what do you say to a law re quiring the merchant to sell us a good suit of clothes for .f 1.20 ? At last we have had in Texa.-. a bleach of promise suit in which a man was the plaintiff and a woman was the defendant. The scene of this very interesting trial was Dallas, but in justice to all concerned we should say the man came from "up North." No Texas man would ever match a suit with a woman and let a jury composed entirely of men firing in a verdict. The woman got the automobile and money, of course. El Hp. Hp OR THE ADVENTURES of JACK any limesin 1 exas dqbell-by j. c. duval m 1 ea-ro a oii(.iry nirt nuff.iln r.ull" CHAPTKK NX I. During the night, great numbers of wolves congregated around our camp, attracted. I .' tip pose, by the smell of jerked venison. Their incessant howling at length roused up every one, for sleep was out of the question in such an uproar. It was so terrific that even Cudjo was awakened from his slumbers. "Dress de Kawd!" he muttered. "I nebber hear sich a racket afore in all my lorn days. 1 wish Mass Seth only let me gib 'em one bliz zard, 1 bet I make 'em yelp toder side dere mout." "Spose you do gin 'em a pop." said Uncle Seth. " 'tw'on't do any harm, and I'm afeard ef something ain't done to stop their howlin' they'll stampede our horses." Thus encouraged, Cudjo jumped up, seized his blunderbuss, in which he had rammed a double charge of powder and buckshot. "Mind, don't shoot towards the horses." said T'ncle Seth. "and take good aim at the thick of the how lin'." "Dat's jess w hat I'm gw ine to do," said Cudjo and leveled his piece at the thick of the howl ing, he pulled the trigger. A report followed like that of a small cannon, and the next mo ment Cudjo was sprawling among the ashes of our camp fire, from which, however, he quickly scrambled forth, bringing with him a strong smell of singed wool. "I tink dey quit dere yowlin' now," said Cudjo, "but bress de Kawd! dat gun kick worse'n a pack mule. I (loan care fur dat dough, case I spec I kill 'em all." We did not suppose that Cudjo had killed all, nevertheless, the report of the blunderbuss had evidently frightened them a good deal, for their howling ceased entirely, and our slum bers were not disturbed by it during the rest of the night. Early noxt morning wc were all roused up by the triumphant exclamations of Cudjo over the carcass of a very large lobo wolf, that had been killed by the discharge of his blunder buss. "Look dat feller, will you," said Cudjo, as he dragged the dead wolf into camp. "I knowed night. Golly! what tush! I tell you I had ruther meet Marthy Jane on de road of a dark night dan dat feller. Hut 1 spec he won't come yowlin' 'round here any more." He was, in fact, one of the largest lobos we had ever seen. Dig Drove of Wild Turkeys Immigrating. As soon as breakfast was over we mounted our horses, and turned our faces again towards the unexplored regions of the West. I'p to this time we had followed a pretty well de fined trail, leading from San Antonio to some place on the Kio Grande, but after crossing the Hondo creek, we left the trail and steered our course in a direct line towards the lower pass of the canon de Uvalde, on the Sabinal creek. Occasionally we would fall into a buffalo or mustang trail, which we would follow as long as it diil not deviate materially from our direc tion, but usually we were guided by a pocket compass, which Mr. Pitt had with him. No fresh Indian sign was seen today, except a few "signal smokes" a long way off to the northwest. About noon we halted on the bank of an arroyo for the purpose of grazing our horses an hour or so. Here we saw a most unusual sight an immense drove of wild tur keys emigrating from one part of the coun try to another. Our attention was first drawn to them by an incessant noise of clucking and gobbling, and in a few moments afterwards the head of the column made its appearance on the top of a slight elevation to our left. They were coming directly towards us, and very soon we found ourselves surrounded by hundreds. They paid no attention whatever to us or our horses, merely dividing their column to avoid us. as they did when a clump of bushes or any other obstacle stood in their way. They were moving in a southwest direction, and fully ten minutes elapsed before the last stragglers of the drove had passed us. A number of coyotes hovered about the flanks and rear of the diove, follow ing it, as we supposed, for the purpose of pick ing up any that might be accidentally disabled, or give out on the way. We could easily have killed as many of these turkeys as we wished, but it would have been wanton waste to have done so, as we could not take them with us . consequently we let them pass unmolested. I had heard old frontiersmen say that wild tur keys sometimes emigrated from one section of the country to another in immense droves, but. this was the first time anything of the kind had ever come under my own observation. A Minige. After resting an hour or so we proceeded on our way, and did not halt again until we struck the Seco creek, about twenty miles from our last camp. Shortly after we left the arroyo, we witnessed one of those singular phenomena, called a "mirage," which are frequently seen the south of us a single plain extended, with out a single tree or bush upon it, as far as the eye could reach. Suddenly a large lake, with a forest on the fait her side, made their appearance in this prairie apparently at a dis tance of three or four miles. Hut we knew there was neither a lake nor forest in that di rection, for only a few moments previous to their appearance we had noticed that nothing but the open prairie was to be seen in that quarter: nevertheless, so perfect was the repre sentation we were half inclined to believe our eyes had been deceived, and that the lake and forest were realities. The forest seem ingly came up to the edge of the lake on the farther side, and the inverted shadows of the trees were plainly depicted in the waters below them the shadows of a shade. "Dress de Kawd," said Cudjo, "I tink we better all turn 'roun and go back homo dore's somet'ing wrong 'bout dis outlandish country any how jess now dere wan't nuthin' out yander but do perara. and now dere's big woods and a pond long side of 'em. It's a mity curus t'ing. and I'm afeard we gwying to hab trou ble." Uncle Seth said he had seen a great many of these mirages, and old hunters had told him of travelers on the great western plains who had been deceived by them when suffering with thirst, and enticed so far away from their route by these images of false lakes, which re ceded as fast as they advanced, that they per ished miserably before they could gain the road they had left. ' "Kf dat's de way dey sarves a pusson." said Cudjo. "I ain't gwying arter none of 'em ef I'se dyin' fur a drink, tell I see de duck and goose swimmin' 'pon 'em, and de fish jumpin' spang out'n de water. Kf dey fools me arter dat (ley's welcome." Mr. Pitt said he had a theory of his own to account for the mirage. He said that in some peculiar conditions of the atmosphere, and at certain "angles of incidence," with the objects represented, their images will be thrown upon open plains, perhaps many miles distant from the localities where the objects really exist. "Hut. however, that may be," said Mr. Pitt, "there is not the least doubt, in my hind, as to one fact, which is, that the images depicted are always exact representations of real objects that exist somewhere." "If this were not so," added Mr. Pitt, "how does it happen that the images invariably assume the appearance of natural objects, such as lakes and forests? I5e yond all question, the mirage is simply the development of some grand photographic pro cess in the laboratory of nature." "I spec you's right Mass Titt," said Cudjo. as confidently as if he had comprehended all Mr. Pitt had said. "I spec you's right 'bout dat, and jess as you say, de debil's at the bottom of it I tink we better turn roun' and go back Game of all kinds was very abundant in the country we passed over today. We were scarcely ever out of sight of herds of deer, and occasion ally a herd of antelopes was seen. We passed a solitary old buffalo bull that was standing on the apex of an abrupt elevation gazing upon the little band of explorers so presumptuously trespassing upon his domains, lie looked like a very tough old customer, and we left him in undisturbed possession of his native wilds. In the chapparal we flushed several flocks of a species of quail that differed in some respects from the common "Hob White," of the "States." They were a third larger, and of a bluish or lead-colored hue. A Tarty of Hunters. Just after we had emerged from an extensive chapparal into an open prairie, we saw a num ber of large animals of some kind, ahead of us, but they were so far off we could not tell what they were. Mr. Pitt, however, took a peep at them through his spy glass, and said they were men on horseback, or rather that there were four men on horses, and six loose animals. "See which way they are travclin'," said Un cle Seth. After another look at them through his glass Mr. Pitt said "ho thought they were coming towards us. but they were so far off he couldn't say whether they were Indians or white men." "Well, ef there's only four on em," said Un cle Seth. "it don't matter much what they are, fur we kin sartainly hold our ow n agin any sich squad as that." In a little while Mr. Pitt took another look at the party, and said "ho believed they were white men, though he was not certain." "Let me have the 'bring-'em near,'" .said Uncle Seth. whereupon Mr. Pitt handed him the spy glass, and after a long look at the party, he said, "they are white men. fur," said he, "they've got hats on, and I never knowed an Injun to wear anything on his head ex cepting a feather or so, or maybe a pair of bufferler horns." When wo had approached to within a mile of the party wc noticed them come to a halt, ap parently for the purpose of reconnoitering us as we had done them, in order to ascertain what we were, and whether our intentions were hostile or friendly. It was in this cautious and suspicious way that parties at that day, when meeting on the plains, made their ad vances tow ards each other. In this instance the strangers, it seem, soon came to the conclusion that we were white men, or else, if Indians, that our party was such a small one they could easily cope with us at any rate they moved towards us again. As they came up within speaking distance one of them said to us, I got some on 'em when d.nt gu ngo off.ln jpruib "J?.1 Th-. r ! vn ; - u. '