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THE NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1009.
GOVERNOR RELEASES TWELVF PRISONERS VISITS TO INSTITUTION MOVE HIM TO ACTION SWEEPING CHANGES MUST BE MADE IN COUNTY INSTITUTIONS. Sweeping changes in the present sys tem that exists in so many places in Tennessee of herding miserable wretch es together in filthy, dark, squalid, disease-breeding cells, making them sleep on narrow boards, shackling their feet even when slumber brings temporary forgetfulness, feeding them poorly, allowing them in some cases to live in filth and suffering unreal ized by the contented, fat and sleek world outside, are coming soon, or Gov. Patterson is simply going to turn the wretches out in the free air. "I have just turned out twelve prisoners I found in the workhouse at Memphis," said the Governor yes terday afternoon, "and I am going next to the workhouses in Davidson County. Conditions in some of these detention stations are more than peo ple who never visit them can real ize. It is not humane to keep some of these prisoners in confinement any longer in their misery." REV. VM. HAYNEiS, Financial Agent of Roger Williams University, one of the tourists. Recent Inspections. Rev. E. P. Anderson, Secretary of the State Board of Charities, told a reporter for The American last night of Inspections he and Rabbi Lewin thai have lately made In Nashville, Memphis and other places. The city workhouse, he said, in Nashville was found to contain many, conditions which should be removed at once, The other Institutions he visited In Davidson County were In fairly good condition, he reports. The Shelby County workhouse is found to be about all, apparently, that Gov. Pat terson found there darkness and dlS' ease and misery. "The day we were there," said Rev Anderson, "it was raining, and the rain was overflowing some parts of the floors. The cells were so dark that one could not stand on the out side and see the inmates. It was about the same at Jackson. Lavato ries were found overflowing and the odors were simply stifling." The intention of bettering the con dition of unfortunates was shown emphatically yesterday when the Governor put his name to a paper liberating twelve sick, paralyzed, con sumptive wretches from the Shelby County workhouse, which he has Just visited in person. Seven of these unfortunates he found in the place which the imperial county of Shelby calls! her "work house," are Negroes one only 10 years old. One has consumption in Its last stages. Three of the twelve are paralyzed. All are diseased and disabled, one whose right arm is com pletely paralyzed, was there for the terrible crime of sleeping in a box car. The personal visit of the Gov ernor, who went into the place and eaw for himself the condition's, re sulted In the following order from the Executive yesterday: "To all who shall see these pres ents, and more especially to the Sher iff of Shelby County: Greeting: "Whereas, I have personally in spected the Shelby County work house, and find the following pris oners, all confined for small offenses, should be at once released, as It would he inhuman to keep them longer confined: "Ed Walker, colored, age 10 years and small for his age, confined for petit larceny. "Jim Barnes, colored, very sick with an unknown disease, confined for Involuntary manslaughter. "Char'es Stern, colored, crippled ! and has daily spasms, confined for petit larceny. "Mike Sullivan, white, right arm completely paralyzed and withered, confined for sleeping In a lox car. "James Clark, white, who has only one leg and is otherwise weak and disabled," confined for sleeping in a box car. "V. A. Stephens, white, suffering with probably an incurable stomach trouble, confined for carrying a pis tol. "Sam Sims, colored, badly ruptured, otherwise disabled, confined for car rying a pistol. "Henry Thompson, alias Thomas, white, badly ruptured and unable to work, confined for vagrancy. "Tobe Marvin, colored, age about IS years, suffering with a malignant blood disorder, confined for receiving stolen property. "Harry Buckler, colored, suffering with consumption in its last stages, confined for assault. "C. H. Allen, paralyzed in one leg, confined for petit larcony. "Ruth Mitchell, colored, paralyzed, confined for vagrancy. "Some of these prisoners have al ready served several months of their time. They all have costs to pay, of which I am unable to relieve them, and I now relieve each and all of them from the remainder of their sentences and for all fines that may be assessed against them by the judgment of the courts. "Now, therefore, I Malcolm R. Pat terson, Governor as aforesaid, by vir tue of the power and authority in me vested, do hereby pardon the above named prisoners of their said offenses, so far as relates to the terms of imprisonment and fines as sessed against them, but in no other way interfering with the judgment and sentence of said court; and I do further authorize and direct the said above named prisoners be forthwith put at large and liberated. "In testimony whereof I have here unto set my hand and caused the Great Seal of the State to be affixed at Nashville on this ,the 22nd day of November, 1909. "MALCOLM R. PATTERSON. "By the Governor: "HALLUM R. GOODLOE, "Secretary of State." PROF. WASHINGTON IN CO LUMBIA. If any doubts had before existed as to whether or not a sufficient crowd would be present at the Columbia Ope ra House last Saturday night to satis fy the expectations of the committee on arrangements, all were entirely dis pelled when long before 8 o'clock p. m., the hour programmed for the speaking of Dr. B. T. Washington, the announcement came to headquarters that the auditorium, gallery and lower floor were packed, standing room even could not be had. From the fact that the audience had assembled one hour and a half in advance of the speaker, plainly shows the feeling of enthusi asm that prevailed and the eagerness which the people here, irrespective of race, displayed in their desire to wel come this deservedly great man. Over one thousand seats were occupied and fully as many persons could not even gain admission to the passages leading to the entrance. It was indeed a large and enthusiastic assembly, all bent on hearing or seeing the distin guished Negro. Dr. Washington and staff of twenty to twenty-five of the leading business and professional Negroes of Nashville and other points, arrived at the sta tion at 7:40 p. m., and were duly re ceived by the local committee, escorted to the waiting carriages and conducted to headquarters. The scene at the depot and along the line of march was an imposing, not to say spectacu lar one. Never before had such a scene been witnessed. The demonstra tion was spontaneous, full of inspira tion. Oved one hundred school chil dren in vehicles, waving gay banners, was a striking feature of the parade. Following in buggies and surreys and on foot was the mass of citizens of Columbia and from all over the county. The children of the city school ten Tiered Dr. Washington a reception at the Johnson building which was re sponded to in a most felicitous man ner, and much helpful advice was giv en. After supper had been served the Washington party was drawn to the Opera House. The exercises were opened by a chorus rendered by the choral class of the Columbia High School. Dr. T. W. Stephens, chairman of the local committee, introduced Mr. W.D. Kelley, who in a most graceful speech presented Dr. Washington to the audience. Dr. Washington seemed at his best; he spoke over one hour and a half and had full command of his audience, speaking with his charac teristic vigor and alternately, black and white along practical, business and racial lines. He urged the Negro to be frugal, to be reliable, to create a demand for the best kind of labor performed in its most skillful manner; urged him to hav a bank account, dignify labor, educate his children wisely and in every way possible to render himself a most desirable asset ia the community in which he lived. He advised the white people to be kind and patient to the Negro, help him in his aspirations; to so encour age him in his labors on the farm, in domestic service, in his schools and hurdles as to cause him to have no desire to go to the cities to be the 'rey of vice and immorality. He raid further, the Negro naturally loves his southern home and the southern people; that he had no desire for so cial equality, nor did he entertain a single thought or desire inimical to 1 ' -"5 L'. -j "1 1 .. i l - . T. G. EW1NG, Cashier People's Savings Bank, Member Reception Committee. the southern white man. He said the Necro was the best laborer the South ever had: that in these respects ht was far more desirable than the Chi namen, Italian or any other foreigner. It was a great speech, pregnant with sound advice and breathing for the peace and good will toward al men. The Hon. Mayor, Dr. W. M Diddle, and J. B. Ashton, President of the Board of Education, with their respective staffs, were seated on the platform, and it is the uniform, unqualified expression of all who ha the good fortune of hearing Dr. Wash ington, that his visit was a most time ly one, and it is believed that the words of wisdom given to this peop e will be lasting and beneficial. AN ENJOYABLE OCCASION. Never was there a jollier, merrier, prettier bunch of maidens, nor a more handsome and gallant set of young men gathered together to show their esteem and regard for a couple of young married people than met at the home of Dr. C. V. Roman, 130 Har dee street, Saturday, November 20, '09, to surprise by a linen shower Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Napier, who were quietly married on the 9th inst. By C:30 p. m., they began to arrive in couples, trios, quartettes, etc., and at 7:30 p. m., led by Misses Mabel Scott and Carrie L. Napier, under a parasol tas tily decorated with white and pink crepe paper which concealed the gifts, the party wended their way quietly to the residence of Prof. F. G.. Smith vhere the happy couple were staying for a few days. At a pre-arranged signal with Mrs. Smith the entire party W. H. McGAVOCK, Of McGavock &' Co., Member of Reception Committee. were permitted to noiselessly enter the parlors, which were dimly lighted and arrange the gift-laden parasol. The bride and groom were found and led Into the room amid laughter and cheers and instructed to pull a cord under the parasol waich released the gifts. Then about them fell a shower of snowy linens in every conceivable form; dainty embroidered and lace trimmed handkerchiefs, battenburg and Mexican-worked covers, scarfs and doillies, hemstitched towels, tablecloths, sheets, etc., etc., galore. The lights were now turned on in full and the expressions of sin prise and (blighted appreciation from the recipients of this novel entertainment brought a :;low of satisfaction to all. In a few well-chosen sentences the groom grace fully thanked the company for himself :ind wife- for the beautiful assortment of linens tendered as an expression j of retrard and appreciation, the mu sic started and soon the merry party were srracefully tripping the light lan- trstic toe in the dances' gayest meas ures. Those present were Misses ue- itrice and Roberta Walker, Clara and liattie Hodgkins, Mabel and Anita Scott. Lillian A. and Fannie M. Banks. Azalia M. Ellis, Lucy White. Reba Latham, J. Dewitt Shorter, Otilia Mc C'all. Carrie L. Napier and Messrs. S. B. Ei-win, L. O. Sullivan. J. O. Burnev. L. J. Searcey, Arthur P. Evans, F. I). Bradford, Malcolm O. Kinc A. L. Frazier. Robert hliaw, r. G. Smith, Jr.. G. II. Upshaw, J. B. Dai den. R. L. Smith. J. B. Ilankcl, Cliff -H. Terry, E. C. Nelson. LABORING UNTER THE WRONG IMPRESSION. I have had several complaints from friends of Roger Williams University who are under the impression that the president of the institution was noe in vited to the platform at the speaking in the Auditorium Sunday night. Prof, lohson was invited to the platform frrpil to remain in the audience. T did not call his name Sunday night lecause I thought he was on the piat f.vm innwinsr as I did that he had been invited, and did not know other wise, until the information came to me from varties living in the city Yours truly. H. A. BOYD, Chairman Arrangement Committee TIME REGISTERS FOR NASH VILLE. Two Hawlev Patents Being Installed in Postoffice. Splendid Device Keeps Accurate Record of Employees. The work of installing two Hawley time register clocks, the only ones in v,a smith, is beine conducted at the postoffice. Mr. W. D. Hawley, a rep resentative of the Crouse-Hinds Com pany of Syracuse, N. me mam. fonrprs. ia superintending the in spallation of the clocks, and will re i in Mashville for several days until the office is running smoothly nnrlPr the new system. Tne nawiey device promises not only to save a vast amount of clerical wont, uui a glance will show the regularity with which clerk or carrier is performing his duties. ' The government decided to try the experiment of a time regulator two rvr thrpo vea.rs aero, and about 100 in ventions were submitted. All have been eliminated with the exception n( the Hawlev and the International In practically every office where time registers have been put in operation the Hawley has been preferred, and the reports on the instruments which have been required hy the department show that in every case thus far the experiment has been a success. There are only fifty of the Hawley clocks In use in post-offices, Includ ing the two at Nashville, but in the event of their universal adoption by the government, more than 2,000 will be required. Postmaster Wills succeeded in ob taining two of the clocks for this of: flop while, In Washington last sum mer, the only Southern postoffice so favored, and he will make a report in regard to their success here. He Is enthusiastic over the samples of the work done by the Hawley. The Hawley patent, while of value to any business house employing large numbers o fmen ,i9 particularly adapted to the needs of a large post office, where, oftentlme, a carrier is forced to register as many as thirty two times in twenty-four hours. The machine not only keeps a record of the number of hours and minutes dur ing the day for which the employe should be. paid, but the record 'on the sheet is so clear that any tamper ing with the device could be instanly detected. v The Hawley clock consists of a clock pf very simple construction, which is connected with two cylin ders, each of which revolves once every twenty-four hours. Each cyl inder is covered with a sheet of blue paper divided into fifty sections by parallel lines. The space contained between these lines is sufficient for a line for each day in the week. There are fifty numbered keys for each cylinder, one for each clerk or carrier. WTien the employe begins work he punches his key and the steel point on the end of the key "be gins at once to make a white line In the corresponding numbered column; when he quits work for any cause, he pulls the key out, and while he is off duty a blank space Is left on his record. The Hue paper Is sufficient for one entire week, and when taken off the lines show'how many days a man has worked, how many hours and minutes each day, and als:o shows whether the entire force is working steadily or spasmodically. The cylinders shift mechanically one space to the left i-ach day, and at the end of the week shift seven spaces to the right, and the lines start under the Monday column again. When the sheet is taken off at the end of the week it is sent to the Cash ier, and the record of each employe is compiled in a moment, practically all clerical work being eliminated. - NO DESERTED FARMS IN GERMANY. (Rudolf Cronau in the December McCniiK's.) The policy of conservation that made German foiestry such a success is applied also to agi culture. Ger many is not at all a land (lowing with milk and honey. In enormous parts of northern Germany the coil is decidedly ;;oor. With that of the United States it cannot compare at all. But proper are did wonders. While the methods )f farming used by many Americans have resulted in the utter decline of rvood land in a comparatively short time, the farm-lands of Germany, even though they have been under cultiva tion for centuries, bring forth rich crops year in and year out. Mr. .lames Hill, one of the most noted experts on land affairs, at the famous Governors' Conference, made B. J. CARR, President Farmers' Alliance Mem ber Reception Committee. the remarkable statement that the soil of America, once the envy of every other country, gave during the ten years beginning with 1896 an average yield of 13.5 bushels o wheat per acre, while Germany produced 27.C. For the same decade the yield of oats was in America less than 30 bushels, in Germany 4C. For barley the figures were 25 against 33, and for rye 15.4 against 24. Deserted farms, which, as a result of soil exhaustion, can be found all over the eastern half of the United States, are absolutely unknown in Ger many. - LAVERGNE NOTES. The marriage of Miss Lucy Winn and Mr. Thomas Kelly took place at the home of the bride at three o'clock. The bride wore a beautiful blue suit. The groom wore a gray suit. The bride carried a "beautiful bouquet of chrysanthemums. After the cere mony the bridal party repaired to the residence of Mr. and Mrs. George Kelly where a delightful supper was served. Quite a number of friends attended the wedding. Misses Sallie Eflle and Emma en joyed quite a pleasant trip to Smyrna at the entertainment: Mr. Robert Dunnway is improving in health. (Mrs. Sallie' Goack and grandchild, who spent a week in the city have re turned home. Rev. Mr. T. A. Todd visited the United Sons of Relief and made quite a welcome address. At a late hour Misses Ruth P. Leonnie and Millie Baker served sherbet and cake. Mrs. Mat. Bake visited the asylum to see her sick grandchild last week. Mr. P. M. Davis visited the city. Mrs. Alice State and E. M. Baker visited Smyrna and enjoyed the en tertainment. Mrs. Henry Covington visited the city. Mr. and Mrs. Ned Davis have moved back to his home place. AFTERNOON LUNCHEON. Mrs. A. L. Voorhies, 2010 Herman street, entertained at an informal but charming luncheon Wednesday afternoon from 3 to 5 o'clock to com pliment Mrs. C. Banks Robertson, of New York, who leaves shortly to re side in Chicago, 111. There were present only a few of Mrs. Voorhies friends making a congenial party. A delightful luncheon menu was served at a table decked with red and white J chrysanthemums. ' J , . -If ' . V, i, ' . - V w - hi