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THE NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1910.'
The Nashville Globe. Published Kvwy Friday In the Year, Room 1, Odd Fellows Hall, No. 447 Fourth Ave nue, North, Nashville, Tenn., BY THE GLOBE IMJBUSIIING CO. D. A. HART President C. H. BURRTLL. Secretary H. A. BOYD Business Manager Telephone Main 47X2. D. A. HART Editor Kniered ns second-class matter January 19, I90ti, ui the post-office at Nashville, Tennes ee, under the act of Congress of March 3, 187i). No Notice taken of anonymous contribu tions. SUBSCRIPTION IN ADVANCE. One Year $l 5? Six Months 8o Three Months 40 Single Copy 05 Notify the office hen you fall to get your paper. ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED UPON APPLICATION. READING MATTER KATFS. 6 cents per line for each Insertion. 8 cents per line for each insertion (black face). Advertising copy should be In the office not later than 9 a.m. Tuesday of each week. TO THE PUBLIC. Any erroneous reflection upon the charac ter, standing or reputation of any person, firm or corporation, which may appear in the column orTHE NASHVILLE GLOBE will be gladl.r corrected upon being brought to the attention of the management. Send correspondence for publication so as to reach the ofilce Monday. No matter in tended for current issue which arrives as late as Vhursday can appear in that number, as Thursday is press day. V' news matter sent us for publication m, be written only on one side of the pa per jid should be accompanied by the name of thS contributor, not necessarily fr publi cation, but as an evidence of good faith. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1910. tho tirclfira rt iYia rn)r-aA T,iViHr hnarflci An tllA VAfv best thev Can In tuv ntuaii' but; vuiwi v-VA w v - j schools than through your columns. ' selecting teachers for colored schools, - . . r . . , ? . 1 f hut ton often thev do not know. We NEGRO EDUCATION IN TENNESSEE. It is generally conceded that the nations or races that have made the greatest strides in intelligence are those nations or races that have put special stress upon the importance of the education of the youth. Millions of dollars are spent every year to fos ter educational institutions. Many of the ablest men and women of to-day are devoting their entire time endeav oring to keep alive an interest among the people that will elicit from them every aid at their command to increase the facilities for training the youth in the best possible way. We have in this country some of the largest insti tutions of learning in the world. They are great in influence, as well as mag nitude; some of them are larger than many of the county seats in the State of Tennessee; and the question has been praised on more than one occa sion as to whether it is best to have so many people congregated in one school, and that question is a live is sue to-day. We do not believe too much can be invested in education, for every dollar spent in that direc tion is a dollar well spent, but we do believe that it is essential that the school in the rural districts be kept up to a standard that will attract the attention of the people in the com munity. We believe that the very best teachers that can be had ought to be secured to teach in the primary schools in the rural districts and in the cities as well. We hear the cry coming up from every section of our country that the young people are leaving the farms and flocking to the cities. In this state we have our share of that same complaint to make. Now, there must be a cause for this continual Influx, and the question that should be the first to engage the attention of the peo ple is, can a remedy be found to check this influx? We believe a remedy can be found, and better school facilities in the country would be a great step in the right direction. That the peo ple are awakening to the importance of the rural school question is clearly evidenced by a communication to the Nashville American of February 10th by "Colored Teacher" of Franklin, Tenn. The communication reads as follows: To the American; Since your widely-read paper is so popular with the masses, I know no better way of expressing myself about There are some reforms needed at once. The State should furnish a School Inspector who should be chosen by the State Board of Education, and under the supervision of the State Superintendent, whose duty should be to visit cities, towns, villages and ham lets and take up education among the colored people. Fifteen hundred dol lars per year and expenses would se cure the services of a good man. Secondly, the choice of teachers after examination in country towns and districts should be left with the colored people. No one should be se lected over the protest of the patrons of the school. Under the rewritten rule they are sovereign and their man date should always be heard? Unpopu lar teachers have had more to do with colored people going to cities en masse than good wages. All intelligent peo ple want their children trained by the best teachers. Thirdly, our teachers are now more or less women whose parents have been domestic servants. Some of these girls never passed examinations, put procured them by some trick dur ing the summer school and have no desire to ever teach, but simply to be come a county pensioner and boast to their pupils that she was chosen by the board. Patrons cannot help them selves. This is an evil that must be eradicated. Fourthly, we must need more men to teach the boys the dignity of labor and to get wages is to give good serv ice. Teach the boys and gins 10 opey the law and not to break it. If this was done the county jail and work house would soon be deserted and their employers seeking better avocation. T fepl confident that the present ad ministration, which has done so much for education, will give the suggestions a thought and give us the necessary reform. Gov. Patterson will go down in history as the great educational Executive. Franklin, Tenn., Feb .7. COLORED TEACHER. There is food for thought in the above. While it is true that the Ne groes are not the only young people that are flocking to the cities, it is also true that they are more seriously handicapped when they reach a large city than any other class or nation ality of people. Recently a young white man applied to a manufactur ing concern in this city for employ ment He had come from North Caro lina, where he had a job on a railroad, but preferred to live in Nashville for good reasons. He had, before go ing to the concern conducted by Ne groes, applied at the office of the street railway company, where he found thirty-two men ahead of him who wanted work, and not a single one of them was a Negro. The scene at the street car office was only one of many. So the Negro, as we have said, is not the only class of people who are a prey to the city fever, but he is the most pitiable creature that goes there. We believe the prime reason for a young man leaving the country to take up his abide in the city is the hope of finding an easy job in the factory or the store, and if we are right in our conclusion, there must be a vital fault in the methods of teach- ins in the schools. A lazy teacher cannot inculcate into a child habits of thrift and industry. Recently a Ne gro boy applied for a position as col- ector for a newspaper. He had been a pupil of a high school. He had not completed the course, but stopped to go to work. He was given a position and worked one week collecting subscriptions. His commission at the end of the first week was $3.13. When he reported he complained of the streneousness of the work. The man ager tried to encourage him by telling him that after he had gotten acquainted with the work he would make several times that amount each week. But the young fellow was not impressed with his remarks and went home and wrote back to the office the following: Dear Sir: "Owine to the position of representa tive of your paper not agreeing with mv health on account of my continuous walking, I offer my resignation." "Truly yours, u believe, however, that the daughter of a domestic servant is as worthy of a position of teaching as the daughter of a senator if she is as well quali fied. It is fitness we want, not social standing. If the girl who goes through school attired in gingham finishes with an average per cent of ninety and her classmate, whose cir cumstances enabled her to attend school every day dressed in the height of fashion, only makes an average of eighty, then the poor girl, who had to work hard and economize to get through, should be given the position as teacher. She is better fitted in every way to teach others how to push on to suc cess despite conditions or oppositions. On the other hand, if the girl whoso parents have been so' fortunate as to enable them to provide her the com forts of life, if this girl makes the best mark in her studies she should to be the one to be appointed to shape the lives of the children in the school room. Fitness should decide who shall teach schooL And too, there is more that goes to make up this fitness than merely the ability to understand the rules laid down in text-books. We want teachers who can stand a moral examination in their own com munity. And again, we want them to be cognizant of the needs of the peo ple, and of a disposition to create a feel ing of good will among all the peo ple. We believe we see signs of better conditions in the Negro schools in Tennessee. Those in authority now are proving that they are interested in the education of all the children In the state, and we are of the opinion that the assistance of the Negroes who have a knowledge of the needs of the Negro youth along educational lines is desired by them. When this Is done, and the people awaken to their duty jto the cause, we will see in this state a revolution of our school system un parrallelled in the South. SPECIAL NOTICE 1 lie ORPHAN HOME BAND of West Virginia will render a CLASSICAL CO'! CERT, FEBRUARY f 5th. I0!h, 17th, AT MT. ZIOII DAP 1 1ST CHURCH on Jefferson Street, corner 11th avenue, for the benefit of those Orphan Children. A part of the proceeds will go to the above named church. The public is cordially invited. Don't miss this grand entertainment.- Don't forget the date, begins Tuesday night, February 15, and will continue through the 17 thunder the direction of Mr. C. H. McGee. ADMISSION, 10c to all. REV. B. F. FERREL,rastor. It seems that Uncle Joe Cannon I will not be so very lonesoimo in banish- ff ment after all, as Secretary Wilson isj also a man of mature years and would, no doubt, make him a boone companion. We advise the local business leagues to hold their annual meetings a little early this year. The distance to the; National meeting will be decidedly greater than it was in 1909. Tennessee can boast of being in the non-lynching column with Virginia and North Carolina, as race rioting does not count in this state the same as destruction at the rope's end. If Roosevelt gets back home in June he will arrive in ample time to referee the Johnson-Jeffries fight. He ought to make a dandy. ALL WOMEN EQUAL. Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, of New York, a woman of considerable wealth and one prominent in the agitation of woman's right, in an address to an as semblage of women gave utterance jto a sentiment that will, no doubt, 1 elicit general comment. She said: "I feel that unless this cause means freedom and equal rights to all women, of every race, of every creed; rich or poor, its doctrines are worth less and must fail." This is a significant statement, and if the white women of the entire United States coincide with Mrs. Bel- THE RENAISSANCE OF JUNIOR COLLEGE CLASS SPIRIT AT FISK UNIVERSITY. The Junior College class of Fisk University is now diligently and al most daily rehearsing the comedy, "She Stooped to Conquer," by Oliver Goldsmith, which comedy will be staged and rendered by that class on the evening of March 11, in the Fisk Memorial Chapel. This feature is not only absorbing the interest - of Fisk students and alumni, but is also attracting much attention on the part of colored citizena of Nashville who are and have always been sincere and wholehearted patrons of every enter prise which has for its worthy pur pose, the hetterment or the elevation of the Negro. As had been said, the play is a com edy, the purpose of which, it is need less to say, is to create run and merri ment, tn elicit laughter. When the play was first rendere- in England, the author was approached by a critic, whom he asked, "Did it make you laugh?" "Exceedingly," answered the critic. "Then." said the author, "that Is all I required." Dr. Gold smith, the author, was an English dramatist of a world-wide fame, to which we could add nothing. This comedy was written during the latter half of the eighteenth century and is a characteristic representation of its times. The scene is laid in England, the characters are eighteen, among whom are representatives of three highly respected households and a number or servants, uimei mouj THE ONLY ORIGINAL Folk Songs TAKE FIRST HANK. Commenting upon the singing of the songs in our Folk Songs No. 1. by a male quartette DR. HENRY E. KREBBIEL, "Dean of American Critics" says:- "A concert-goer might live a lifetime and never hear such beautiful homogeneity of tone as that which they produce, nor such euphony, perfection of unance and precision. Save for its vital human quality, which lifts it above all musical products, this harmony sounds like that of a well' tuned organ." This recognition puts our Folk Songs side by side with the world's greatest musical achievements. This music is suitable for the parlor, the school, the church. SEND 25c. FOR SAMPLE COPY. WWITK fon INFORMATION TO Work Bros. & Hart Go., nox 01. NASHVILLE. - TENN. JJ SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER A Comedy in Five Acts BY DR. G. GOLDSMITH PRESENTED 13 "V JUNIOR COLLEGE CLASS Fisk University FRIDAY. MARCH 11,1910 AT 8:00 O'CLOCK P. M. Fl! ADMISSION - 25 Gts. RESERVED SEATS - 35 CENTS. mont they will be in a position to a uuiuuvi vi. - demand the sympathy and co-operation difficulties, such as an embarrassing of every courageous this country. Negro man in JAPAN SAYS NO! This government was made to sit up and take notice by the little hermit kingdom, when they politely but posi tively refused Secretary Knox's pro posal in regard to Manchurian rail road. The papers in some foreign coun tries purport to look upon the action as an affront, but it is likely more of a desire to court the favor of Japan. We are truly developing statesmen who favor expansion in its broadest sense, which means that we will have to, from time to time, increase our fighting strength both on land and sea, for the nation which essays to control the world may expect to meet opposi tion from many sources. This boy is to be pitied rather than scolded, for his idea of labor, we ven ture to say, is based on what he was taught while in school. We concur in the idea advanced by "Colored Teacher" that the will of the neonle should be supreme. We believe that in most instances the school We have received a copy of the brief in the lawsuit instituted by Lawyer J. Alexander Chiles, of Lexington, Ky., against Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, In which he attacks the separate coach law. Mr. Chiles is going at the evil in earnest and we hope him unpre cedented success. The black Cubans are having trou bles enough with their white brethren to make them know that they are Negroes in Cuba as well as in the United States. And why should they draw the line on American Negroes? mistake which is the huge joke of a mischievous but unwilling rival, to gether with an element of parental disproval, two couples are seeking to appease in the proper, the one, and only way that well-known and reputed irresistablo passion called love. The awkwardness of the servants provok ing to wrath their landlord who is overzealous of having everything ideal during the visit of the two suitors, adds much interest to the play and the climax comes when in a unique and mysterious way the lovers suc ceed in accomplishing their desire in spite of fate, circumstances, and an tv unwilling guardian aunt. Trio Tvinv is iriven under the direc tion of Mrs. Mary Lockhart Home, the new teacher of elocution at Fisk, whose training at the Emerson School of Oratory in Boston, whose wide ana varied experience in elocutionary work combined with a deal of natural ability and enthusiasm fit her pre eminently for such a work as this. Thft class which is to renoer xne comedy is unusually large and, ac cording to some reports whlcn liumor has spread within and beyond tne campus walls, of unusual ability, it is abroad that they are de voting their best dramatic ability and nil tho time that can be sparea to ward making the enterprise a success. The main purpose of giving me play is broader in its scope than the accomplishment of a personal end. The class wishes to contribute some thing tangible and permanent to its Aima Matex. nnd if the undertaking is successful it may incidentally estab lish a custom viz. that of tne annual it Inn of a play at Fisk which means a greater opportunity for our people to develop dramatic taste ana ability. TICKETS ON SPILE fT People's Drug Store, 1715 Jefferson Street, Phone Main 2942; University Office Fisk; Wilson's Pharmacy Lafay ette Street, Phone Main 4971. R. N. ARTHURTON, Business Manager. THE AMERICAN TRUST AND SAV INGS BANK. The" American Trust and Savings Bank, a Negro institution of Jackson, Miss., held its annual meeting of stockholders last week and made an excellent showing, notwithstanding the ordeal through which it has passed for the last twelve months. There was a shortage some time ago of about $5,0:00 and the expense of running it down, and a very small per cent, of this has been recovered, But by careful management and the ap- rU cation of close business metnoas the bank has overcome this and last week it declared a dividend of 7 per cent. 5 per cent, of which was paid to the stockholders and the remaining 2 per cent, was placed to surplus. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: El E. Perkins, president; J. A. . Martin, first vice president; E. H. McKissack, second vice president; M. S. Stuart, cashier; Perry W. Howard, Attorney. Board of Directors: E. E. Perkins, A. J. How ard, H. T. Risher, J. W. Washington, E. E. Howard, S. A. Beadle, J. A. Mar tin, A. J. Johnson, A. W. Williams, W. F. Howard, A. M. Redmond, R. R. Greene, W. A. Scott, E. H. McKissack, H. H. Houston, EL W. Jones, P. W. Howard, B. I. Robinson, E. L. Patton, D. H. Butler and Chas. H. Allen. The stockholders were wel pleased with the present management, feeling that the bank is now on a safe and sound basis, and much la expected for the ensuing year.