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jtk&mL V llLiiLtBl NASHVILLE OUTERS OWOSTUUITY TENNESSEE'S LEAL. ING NEGRO JOURNAL o Vol. VII. NASHVILLE, TENN., FRIDAY OCTOBER 4, 1912. No. 41 PROF. SMITH EXPLAINS SAYS HE DID NOT MAKE STATE ME NT. Thinks Globe Wants to "Start Some , thing" Board Did Not Send For Him Went on Another Mis sion Brought up High . Himself For Others. Prof. F. G. Smith, principal of Pearl High School takes exception to the article that appeared in the Globe re cently relative to a statement made by him in regard to the location of a new High School. Prof. Smith's Position is clearly stated in the fol lowing article: To tne Editor of the Nashville Globe: In the is?ue of your paper of Sep tember 20th there appeared an arti cle which I think was very unkind and very unjust. I have been trying to discover a motive for the article and to see what good the Globe hoped to accomplish by such a sensational write-up. The article was headed: "Recommends Black Bottom. Prof. . Smith thinks that the place for High School." Tho following is a quotation from the article: "Recently, however, it was said that-." a statement was made by Prof. F. G. Smith, Principal of the High School! that aroused the indignation of the Negroes of Nashville, and one that it is not believed will be accepted by the school officials. It is said that Prof. Smith a few days ago told the pupils of the High School that tho Board of Education had sent for hinv and asked him to point out a suitable lo cation for a new High School. It is further stated that he told the pupils in the school that he told the Board that the present location was the very best that could be found in Nash. ville, and that the new high school would be erected on the present site. The young people went to their sev eral homes, many of them with tears in their eyes, and all of them with heavy hearts." Now Mr. Editor, there is not one one word of truth in that quotation which can be proved to you by every child and teacher in the Pearl High School. I told you this In our conver sation over the phone, and I cannot see why you publish the rumor except that you wanted to start something, or desired to go out of your way to give the High School Principal an un deserved rap. I wish to say to you again that the Board did not send for me, they did not ask me to point out a suitable palce for the new High School, I did not state to the Board that the present location was the very best that could be found in Nashville, and I did not say that the new school would be erected on the present site. To begin with, Mr. Ed itor, I wish to state that it is my epin ion that a new High School for Ne groes is too far in the future for us to waste words about a site. Save your ammunition; you may need It in the next five or ten years. The matter has never yet been brought be fore the Board in its meetings and they have never even discussed it offi " cially, so you see an argument over 1 a site is premature. I am glad to see that the Globe is deeply interested in our High School. It wields a great influence and could be used to serve our people to great advantage, If it adopted a constructive policy and its efforts were properly directed. On the other hand, it could do untold in jury if it adopted a destructive policy, showed poor judgment and allowed its offorts to be misdirected. With your permission, that the public may know all the chcumBtances and be able to form an intelligent opinnn as to whether I recommended BlaCK Bot- , torn or not, I will rehearse the de- i tails of my visit to the Superlntend N cnt. Three new text-books were in- troduced into the white 'High School course of study that I felt should have gone into the Pearl High School course West's Ancient World, in tho History Department, Hawkes-Luby and Touton's Algebra in the Mathe matical Department and Milliken and Gale's PhyBics in the Science Depart ment. I called at the Superintend ent's office to confer with him and to advocate that these books be used by the Pearl children. I had already talked with the. clerk about it on a previous occasion, had interviewed the Superintendent over the rhone about it and was now making a per sonal visit to still further do all that I could in behalf of the children to get these books Introduced. I suc ceeded in having the order held up fo- the children to buy the old hooks from Thursday until Monday, when (Continued on Page 3.) ty, FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH "A Struggling Race Facing a Cri sis." will be the subject of Rev. W. S. Ellington's discourse , Sunday morning. An interesting program is being prepared for the B. T. P. U. t meeting Sunday night from 7 to 8. 3 GOV. PATTERSON OPENS CAMPAIGN SPEAKS TO LARGE CROWD AT AUDITORIUM. Goes Over Record As Governor Tells Why He Pardoned Better to Err . On the Side of Mercy Candi date for Senate Stands For Humanity's Cause. Ex-Governor M R. Patterson open ed his campaign Thursday night, septemDer 6, at the Ryman Audito rium as a candidate for the United States Senate. Over 3.000 Deonle were present and the address of Mr. Patterson was well received. He said in part: The truths that Jefferson taught have become the epigrams and ideate of liberty. They have never been finally realized, and may never be In all their strength and meaning: but as our religion becomes purer the nearer we approach its source, so our Democracy will become more se cure and more completely fulfill ' Its mission the nearer we bring it to the service of the people: for from the people all the power of Government comes, and in them all the power of Government should remain. That immortal maxim of Jefferson. "Equal and exact Justice to all, 6peo- cial privileges to none," is the sub stance of all civic virtue and the foundation stone upon which our Re public is built, and has been the bat tle-cry of the Democratic party since its birth. The Hamiltonian or Republican idea of paternal government is founded upon the inequalities of men, where the strong control the weak, the wise play upon the Ignor ance of the masses, and the few are blessed at the expense of the many. I believe in progress and in a pro gressive party with progressive Ideas and principles. Stagnation is decay, and we must go forward to meet new conditions as they arise. Change la the universal order of nature, anl without it all created things would perish. But change itself does not always mean progress. An oak may be caught and blasted in the arms of the storm; a river may overflow its banks and Bwerve from its true course, spreading terror and destruc tion in the wild rush of Its' waters, and a social and political revolution may overthrow established order and obliterate all the landmarks of rea son and experience. If the change Improves and uplifts, the progressive idea has been mat; bui if mere change alone is involved and resu'ts have been for the worse rather than the better, then it is not progression, but retrogression. Record as Governor. I have twice served the people as Governor, and while my critics have never been in a frame of mind to give proper credit to the accomplish ment of my administration, yet. in spite of the difficulties which beset me, I remained true to every promise made the people, and the advance' ment made in all departments of the State was marked and rapid. Nearly $700,000 of the State debt was retired, the public credit was ful ly sustained, and pensions to Confed. erate soldiers and their widows were increased. Our agricultural interests, upon wnich so much of our prosperity de pends, received my attention: and laws were passed to protect the farm ers from impure seed and their live stock from misbranded and adulter ated feeding stuffs. An Experimental Farm was estab lished in west Tennessee, at Jackson, now operated under the control of the State University, which has proved itself to be of the greatest value to a knowledge of scientific farming and soil conservation. A State Department of Mineralogy ana Geology was created. The inspection of the mines was in every way satisfactory there be ing little loss of life from explosions: and a law was passed giving a right of action to injured miners from ac cidents growing out of the negligence or roremen. In the interest of the health of the public, I advocated a Pure Food and Drug Law, fashioned after the Na tional Pure Food and Drug act, which was passed by the Legislature. As Governor, I called the first Good Roads Convention ever creat ed in the State, and started the move ment to build the great highway from Bristol to Memphis. Important penal reforms were also Inaugurated, among these being the law which required all executions to take place at the penitentiary at Nashville thus relieving communi ties of the horrors which always at tend the infliction of the death penal- In order to separate young offend ers from hardened criminals, and to Pave them from the dread evils of such association, I also advocated the establishment of the Juvenile Reform atory, and such a law has passed by the Legislature. The State acquired under mv ad ministration valuable additions of real estate, the Capitol Annex, the Governor's mansion, a farm connect ed with the Central Asylum and an- (Continued on Page 8.) TEMPLARS HOLD SESSION COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT TRANSACT BUSINESS. Grand Master Makes Good Report Recommends $20,000 Investment . -After Free Discussion It Is : Accepted Purchase State Bonds Growth of Order. Special to the Globe. Little Rock, Ark., Sept 24. After considering the reports of the na tional officers, the National Comn.lt tee of Management of the Mosaic Templars of America, in session yes terday at Bush hall, Ninth and Gaines streets, ordered the investment of $20,00fl of the surplus of the Order in Arkansas securities. A Health Bureau also will be established to teach the members how to properly observe the laws of hygiene and ward off disease. The Mosaic Templars of America was founded in Little Rock thirty years ago by C. W. Keatts and J. E. Bush, two Little Rock men. n. W Keatts died some years ago, But Hon. J. E. Bush, who at present is receiver or tne united States Land Office, is serving the association as the nation al secretary. Committee Hears Reports. The committee assembled yester day morning at 9 o'clock. The first report considered was that of tne president, William Alexander, of Lit tle Rock. He called attention to the growth of the order from a lodge of 15 members In Little Rock, 30 years ago, to more than 1,100 subordinate branches, located in 26 states, the West Indies and Central America. The feature of the report, which was adopted by the committee, was the recommendation that a Health Bureau be established under the supervision of the physicians of the order. The duty of those in charge will be to reduce the death rate of the endow ment department by teaching the members of the order to properly ob serve the laws of health, and thus ward off illness and premature death. President Alexander also recom mended that $20,000 of the surplus of $51,000 belonging to the order be invested in Arkansas securities. This recommendation brought about con siderable discussion from J. E. Bush, s. A. Jones, F. K. McPherson, G. W. Mills and D. G. Hill. The recommen. dation was finally approved by the committee and the Executive Commit tee, composed of William Alexander, J. Hi. tiush and S. A. Jones ,was or dered to invest the $20,000 in first mortgages on Arkansas real estate. Members In Attendance. The following members of the Na tional Committee and national officers are in attendance at the meeting: William Alexander, national presi dent; D. G. Smith, national vice pres ident; J. E. Bush, secretary; Leona Mchmond, assistant secretary; J. A. Davis, national treasurer; S. A. Jones, attorney general; J. E. Henderson, national organizer, all of Little Rock; J. II. McConico, national auditor, Memphis; J. W. Darden, Medical Di rector, Opelika, Ala.; C. E. Bush, na tional editor, Little Rock; A. W. Weatherford, temple treasurer, Tex arkana, Tex.; Jacob Humphrey, na tional warden, Little Rock; P. C. Roundtree, national outer guard, Lit tle Rock; C. C. Eakins, national ju venile directress, Little Rock; J. J. Scott, temple custodian, Memphis; Alice White, Chattanooga, Tenn.; M. J. Moore, Montgomery, Ala.; Betty Jackson, Poplar Bluff, Mo.; Janie Blakley, of Little Rock; Anna T. Jack son, Nashville, Tenn.; F. "K. McPher son, Gainesville, Tex.; L. L. Powell, grand master of Alabama; J. B. Brown, grand master of Georgia; J. W. Harris, grand master of Tennes see; P. H. Jordan, Jr., grand master of Arkansas; G. W. Mills, grand mas ter of Louisiana; C. H. Robuck, grand master of Oklahoma; F. M. McPher son. grand master of Texas; William Rodgers, grand master of Mississippi; M. H. Harrison, grand master of master of Kentucky; J. H. Ivey, grand master of West Indies and Central America; G. W. Fowlkes, past grand master of Tennessee . FORMAL OPENING OF TURNER NORMAL. Turner Normal at Shelbyviile opened probably uncer more favora ble conditions this week than at any other period ! : the hlctory cf the in stitution. As early as Thursday of last week the students began ro ar rive. By Sunday morning the d'.ning room was half full. Representatives came from all parts of the state. Two young ladies came from Chicago and one from Highland Park, 111. iwery train Monday brought new arrivals, and by Tuesday morning the buildings were fairly well filled. Tho formal oncnln" took nlaee Tuesday, exercises beginning nt ten o'clock. Many citizens frenj the city were present, some of whom took part in the exercises. The Drincinal sneak er was Mr. R. L. Mayfleld, of Nash ville. Ills address was in many re- (Coutinued on Page 4.) POULTRY AT STATE FAIR POULTRY EXHIBIT OUTSHINES ALL OTHERS. Many Breeds of Poultry Shown Vis itors Highly Pleased With the Shows One Pullet Valued $C0.0O More to Be Inter ' ested Next Year. The best displays of thoroinrhhrii poultry made by Negroes exclusively was seen last week at Greenwood Park, being the first annual exhibi tion of the Tennessee Colored State rouitry Association held in connec tion with the Colored Fair Associa tion. Thoroughbred poultry of many varieties was displayed. The thou sands who visited the Fair are loud in their praises of this one depart ment. The aisles were thronged from early morning to closing time each day. It was indeed a pleasant surprise to the many visitors. It served to show that the Negro is keeping up with the time. No one before this would have thought that such high-class Doultrv wna nwnnd by Negroes as was displayed, whleh represented many In the hundreds of uonars. it was further seen that there is a vast field yet to be covered, and the Negro is getting himself in une to receive his share of the bus! ness. ine market is now demanding poultry of a standard type, and the question or wno raised it Is never considered by the purchaser. Con ferring with the many exhibitors, it was learned that they find no trou ble whatever in disposing of their dock, vfuietner it is of the show nuu ciass or or tne utility stock, ineir complaint seemed to have been that they were unable to sup ply the demand, and only regretted iu.il more wegroes are not In the same Dusiness. Mr. L. Landers, who is one of the largest Negro poultry raisers in the suite, ana it not in the entire South, and who is also President of the lennessee colored Poultry Associa tion, stated that the noiiltrv mai-iro will never be flooded and no one neea ever iear of It, but push up their sleeves and wade into it with their minds made up to succeed. He lunner stated that his orders are not confined to the city and suburban towns, but that he ships both young uu uiu siock ana eggs all over the country, and that during the hatch ing season nis orders for eggs have been about all that he could hnnrtio Mr. Landers is now going into the business on a very large scale, hav ing purchased a tract of land about three and one-half miles out on the White's Creek Pike, wnich he is now getting in shape for the raising of oiduudru morougnnred poultry. It will be known as the Landers Poul try jiiirm. At his present location, it was learned that he turns out baby chicks by the thousands, and he stat- ea mat nis orders for broilers- last winter and snring Were far mnm than he could handle, and he had to transier some of them to other breed ers, borne of them Were received iur- as many as seventy-five, weigh ing irom one to one and a half pounds, which he Btated were easily produced In six or eight weeks, and mat me price received from such' was inaeea handsome. At V. 1 . . . . i""""1" ie is engagea in raising the standard or me singied-comb Rhode Island Reds and the Indian Run TWka htn will soon put in some of th standard varieties. Mr T.nn,wa display attracted must attentlnn nt me fair. Tne judge, who is a com petcnt one, placed a handsome va'ue oi on one of h a millet -whir was only six months old. hato tho 22nd day of March. His winnings m-ie us wuows: nrst and third pul lets, first and second cockrels. first Pen, second Cockblrd in the Rhode Island Red class. The competition In this breed was the stroneest in th room. In the ducks, first Drake, first Hen, first Pullet and first Pen. The yards of the Lander's Poultry Farm are open to visitors at all times. Mrs. J. P. Crawford, proprietress of the Crawford Poultry Pen hrf a fine display of sinele Island Reds. Their winnings were second, fourth and fifth Pullet, first second, third, fourth and fifth Hen and second Pen. In the Ducks, sec ond Pen. It was found In convers ing with them that they were doing a nice business, only regretting that they did not have core space In which to enlarge the field, yet they are making some improvements, have more space In which to enlarge the field, yet they are making some improvements. Mr. T. M. Lytle won first slngel comb Rhode Island Red Cockbird In the line of Black Minorcas he swept the deck. Mr. L. K. Thomas thontrh beginner in the poultry business, came out with two winnings, winning first trio in the Reds and second Cockbird in the Orpington class. Rev. N. H. Pius, proprietor of the i-ius pen, with his fine dismay of White Orpingtons, and who is re garded as one of the best informs Negroes In the country on the White Orpington breed, had a beautiful dis play which attracted much attention. (Continued on Paso 4.) DR. J. A. JONES BEGS TO DIFFER DOES NOT THINK $5,000.00 TOO MUCH. Educational Assessment of Africa Methodist. Defended by President of Turner College Takes issue With Mr. Bryant On The Subject. Dr. J. A. Jones, president of Tur ner iNormai College at Shelbyviile does not agree with Mr. Ira T. Bry ant in his position on the educational assessment placed on the member ship for the benefit of Turner College "i oiieiuyvnie. ur. Jones says: I regret very much that my good iiit-nu aua Drotner, Prof. Ira T Bryant, in his fleht Jones, has found it necessary to drag iuio print, me educational assess ment feature of our Church in Tennes see. We are the best of friends, and even this discussion will not in any dcubc, mar mat friendship. Mr nine uryant and I, are connectionally known as bosom friends. But we see things, sometimes. ttS friends in a little different light. I have no- tning whatever, to do with the foren bio comoat going on between Mr, Bryant and Bishops of the A. M E Church. I suppose they are all old enough to take care of their own cases. But it is the reference to the part that our people are expected to iane in tne educational interest of tne state, that I wish to discuss. I admit that there are quite a num ber of our people, especially the edu cated class, who think with mv frianH Bryant, that $5,000 a year is to much to pay into the coffers of the church, for educational purposes. And yet lor more than forty years, our dco- ple in Tennessee have been contrib uting to the support of other schools tounded by other denominations four years ago, the African Metho dists of Tennessee, through their representatives, decided to do some thing for themselves, as a denomina tion, in the way of the education of our people, ,by erecting suitable build ings and providing proper equipments for carrying on the work of a college. They levied an assessment upon the membership of just $5,000 from membership of about 25,000. They think that 20 cents a year is too much. Indeed my friend calls it "lynching the church." I grant that the collection of this 20 cents per member, for the cause of education, is a hard job. I know as well aa Mr. Bryant does, that many people re gard it a heavy burden, grievous to be borne. But is it a fact that it is burdensome? The majority of .men consider the paying of both property and poll tax a burden. And yet they know that somebody ought to pay it. there are not five men out of a hundred, who cheerfully nay any kind of tax. It is the most unwill ing, and disagreeable debt that the majority of men pay. They often make it the very last debt that they make up their minds to nay: and then they do it under penalty of the law. A man may have the right to ac cumulate and hold as his own. a mil lion dollars worth of taxable prop erty, and we often find him dodging tne tax collector." It is no new thing for people to cry out against taxation. And this in the face of the fact that they know full well that no government can be built up, no cities ould be maintained, no public school system could he operated without taxation. Now, I grant, also that there are hundreds of members of the church, sucn as old and Infirm members, and children, who might not be "able" to to pay even the 20 cents per year for education. That is always under stood; but there are scores and hun dreds of young men and young wois- en, who are the beneficiaries of other people's benevolence, who have had he advantage of the best of educa- lon, and are now occupying lucrative positions, as a result of this charity, who could, if they would, make up for nis deficit and not be hart in the eist. The truth is that the average edu cated, and wealthy Negro hardly ever sees his own race when it comes to ifting them up. They give largely to white institutions, or those operated by whites, but when they are asked to contribute to a real Negro enter prise or institution, they count it a 'burden." How many well-to-do Negroes have ou ever heard of giving anything at heir death to a Negro institution? A prominent Negro died a few months ago in your city, who left $7,000 to a white institution of learning. And he was a member of this tax-ridden church that my friend Is so ably de fending. Thousands of dollars are pouring nto the coffers of Tuskegee constant ly; but Tuskegee is not a Negro insti tution. It belongs to another race. Deny it, who will. The alumni of Fisk. Walden and every other white institution in the STATE NORMAL B00iMING ALL DEPARTMENT IN . SPLENDID SHAPE. i Enrollment Continues to Increase Athletic Teams Being Organized Faculty and Students Visit Fair To-day 'Clean Up Day' People Invited. Things at the A. & I. state Normal School are still booming. The work in the departments of Music, Busi ness, Industry, Physical Training and Academic is in full blast, with a large enrollment In each. The students in all departments have, entered into their work with great enthusiasm. The enrollment continues to increase While the school i san advocate of work, it is also a promoter of play and outdoor games aa a means of rec reation and physical development of the students. Already the young men have organized an athletic team A great deal of time and energy have been spent in getting the Athletic in readiness. The young women as well will be interested in outdoor sports. The young men have worked faithfully getting the young women's tennis court in readiness. The faculty and students are high ly appreciative of Rev. Preston Tay lor and the Fair Association for their kindness on Friday afternoon. Mr Taylor admitted the entire free to the State Fair, held at Green wood Park. In addition, Mr. Taylor furnished special cars for the free transportation of the entire party At the park the school made a rlomnn. stration of its appreciation by sendine ui j cud ior wr, rayior and Green wood Park. On Saturday evening at 7:20 nt tho main hall of the Administration Build ing, was held the first regular social of the term for students and teach ers. The special con.mittee on enter tainments planned ver y successfully for the occasion. All day Saturday was snent hv tho. industrial teachers and students in building a coal bin and roads on the campus. Friday, October 4th, at one p. m. .8 'Clean Up" Dav at th Mnrmoi All friends and patrons of th Rohi are invited to participate. Already a large number have expressed that they are coming. The president wants one hundred persons in addition to those on the campus. They are de sirous of clearing up the camnna from the main building to the pike. There are gravel walks to be made and re paired, holes to be filled up, weeds to be pulled up, and trees to be trimmed up. Those who can civ the of their teams, shovels, hoes, or picks will be highly appreciated. Dinner will be served on the campus for all those who gjve notice beforehand of their coming. The larger -the num ber, the less work for each one. Three hundred persons, each pulling up ten weedsmeans that three thou sand weeds will be pulled and no one overworked to do it. PRIZES AWARDED IN AGRICUL TURE AT STAT FAIR. J. C. Crawley, Bryant Town. Corn on Stalk, first prize, no competition; iw corn, second prize. W. Roberst, first prize on Irish and Sweet Potatoes and Cow Peas, No competition. J. M. Fletcher, first Drlze Cincin nati, Red Beets, California Yellow Carrots, no competition. Rev. C. II. Simmons, first nrize on Ear Corn. Masonic Home, first prize for Okra on stalf; third prize. Ear Corn. Judges, Mr. Joe Watkins, Sumner County and Mr. Wm. Harris, Robert son County, Dr. J. B. Singleton Secre tary . WILL MARRY IN FLORIDA. Miss Alma L. Stevens, sister of Mr. Leslie G. Stevens, a railway mall clerk, will be married Sunday, Octo ber 6, at the home of her sister In Jacksonville, Fla. Miss Stevens was at one time a student of Fisk Univer sity and was also an employee of the Baptist Publishing House. She gained many friends while In Nashville, who wish for her a long, happy and Pros perous life. The marriage is to be a quiet affair, only the contracting parties and members of the faniilv and a few intimate friends will be present. Miss Stevens will marry a Mr. Dawson, of Jacksonville. country, are contributing largely to their alma maters, helping them to grow. This is perfectly natural, and should be so. White people do not give largely to vegro schools, and if the Neero would have colleges of his own he must be willing to tax himself, and panciie nia own canoe. I fail tc see that $5,000 is too heaw for 25,000 members, with their friends to raise for education, an- ually. And if the menruershin in Tennessee has considered it 'lynch ing" no one yet has so expressed himself through the press, or in any other public way. J A. JONES.