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NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY, JUNE 6, 1913.
7 Nyy origin of the fire is unknown, and Chief Rosetta said the only thing that he saw that could have caused the fire was slack lime, but he does not believe the fire originated from this. It is the general opinion that the fire was of Incendiary origin. This Jbuilding was burned about twelve months ago under the same circumstances. Political Economy the Key to the. So lution ol the Afro-American Race Problem. Sill Doy BOYS, GET BUSY! Make Money While You Have the Time ou remember how cold it was last winter? You will need a new suit next fall. Don't wait for papa to buy them. Make the money and do it yourself. The RALLY Ay SALEM. On the third Sunday the pastor and members of Salem A. M. E. Church will hold a big club rally. A great rivalry has been worked up between the clubs. Cards are out all over the city that are to be turned In be fore the rally that all may be given credit. The baptizing of quite a number of converts occurred Sunday morning at 6:30 o'clock at the Broad street wharf. An old folk's concert given at Harding's Church, Hawkins street, last Monday night by Mrs. Henrietta Kelly's club was quite a success. A contest of the two churches will occur Monday night, June 9, at Salem Church. Bp Hon. Geo. W. Murray. There Is a great deal said about the solution of the Afro-American race problem, with little knewledge of what it comprehends, and of what is involved m us buiuuuu. For want of knowledge, or pnysi- cal and intellectual eyes, to see what actually transpiring around, ana against themselves, there are reput ed intelligent members ol mis race, who declare, with an air of finality, that there is no race problem. Of course, they are without eyes of anv klntt to see inai mt-mueia ui labor, sell his products, or purchase his consumptions that such profit would be left within his own segregat ed community, where it would 6oon make ull the business enterprises in dustries, employment, wealth and places of public accommodation for him, which he is now giving to others. Or if he has developed sufficient business consciousness to conceive, he at the same time developed so much self-depreciation, self-hate, or self-opposition that he cannot make the same use of his knowledge, for his own benefit as members of other their own race are universally ex-iracc3i Therefore, as the means of Offers OPPORTUNITY for every boy to have MONEY, and then Remember the $1.00 Prize You Have a Chance to Win That, Too. Call at the GLOBE OFFICE 44 7 FOURTH AVENUE, NORTH COMMENCEMENT EXERCiSES OF THE CITY COLORED SCHOOL. (Clarksville Daily.) The exhibition of the department of domestic science was held in the science hall, formerly colored Pres byterian Church, at 3 to 6:30 p. m. Thursday, and at night Tha yxhib 4ts of cooking and serving wor very creditable and show the tupiia have made rapid progress since the depart ment was opened last January. Speci mens of the work of the Hicb School, grammar and primary grades were tastefully arranged. It is estimated that about 600 colored people came at various times to view the exhibits and also many .white people, who were especially interested in (this new feature of the colored school. The domestic science department is under the supervision of Miss Mabel McKay, and much credit is due her for tho ex cellent display of cooking, serving, tc The graduating exercises were held ' at 1.0 a. nu yesterday and Elder's opera house was well filled. All the speeches were well rendered, show ing careful preparation. The ad dress to the graduates was made by Prof. W. II. Singleton, of the Agricul tural and Industrial Normal School, Nashville. His address exhorting the graduates to try to be more iu'ly pre pared for the emergencies of life, was well received by the audience. Prof. S. I Smith, Superintendent, made a few remarks, commenting on the future of the domestic science de partment, and showing the needs cf euch a department for the whole neoole. Prof. II. R. Merry, principal of the High School Department, pre sented the diplomas to thf, graduates with a few words of encouragement to the class. The annual concert was held at 8 p m. last evening, and an even great er crowd than at the morning exer cises was present The exercises consisted mainly of drills, the fol lowing being presented in the order named: Fan drill, fairy dance, star drill, sunflower drill, Venetian flower danc The exercises were under the supervisio nof Miss I Itamey, and together with the corps of assist ants, she deserves much credit for the excellent manner and precision In which the drills were carried out The horuses were well rendered. . FOR RENT. Nice cottage on the northeast corner of Hamilton street and Sixteenth avenue. Newly painted and in good repair. $12.50 per month. Geo. I. Waddcy & Co., 231 Third ave nue, North, Phone, Main 700. Napper-Pettiford. It is announced by Dr. and Mrs. Vm. G. Pettiford that their daughter, Minnie O., was united in holy wed lock to Mr. C-aa. W. Napper on Tues day, May 27, iiu3, at Greenfield, Ohio. Mr. Napper, the groom, is a popular salesman and a member of the firm o.. C. R. Patterson & Sons, and is well and favorably known in Nash ville, having made quite a number of trips to th.s city. The announce ment states that the couple will be at home after September 21st at 127 South street, Greenfield, unio. bpecial to the Globe. Clarksville, Tenn., May 27, 1913 Miss Blondella Dunlap entertained in her beautiful home on Fort street, Monday, May 25, in honor of her friend, Miss Mabel B. McKay. A few friends were present. Whist was the leading feature of the even ing At a late hour the delighted prty was invited into the spacious dining-room where an ice-course was served. CLOSING OF THE CERTREVILLE NORMAL AND PREPARA i TORY SCHOOL. Special to the Globe. Centreville. Tenn., June 2 The Centrevillo Normal and Preparatory School wound up a very successful cooainn Mav 20. 1913. The examina tions were very successful and the following pupils' names were placed on the honor roil: 2B to 2 A Jim D. Turntinc, 01: Jim Phillips, 92. From 2 to 3D Geneva urown, a, SB to 8A Grover C. Hornbeak, 94; Eula B. Gray, 91; Ellen Gordon, 91. The eighth annual commencement was one or me ueu m uiai, the school. Great credit is due Miss R. B. Merriwether and Prof. B. L. Klnzer for the successful manner in which it was carried out. The commencement opened on Fri day night, May 10. with a piano re cital and also a characteristic Indian song and drill by the smaller boys. Eula Belle Gray and Ellen O. Gordon having finished the third grade music course were awarded certificates by the principal. Saturday night, May 17, tho smaller girls presented an operetta called "The Dream of Fairy Land," which was very pretty and the stage was very artistically decorated. Sunday, May 18, was baccalaureate day, and the sermon was preached by Rev. A. L. Mayfleld. His text was light of the world, a city set on a hill cannot be hid." He preached an ex cellent sermon and made a lasting impression. Monday night, May 19, a very hu morous play and presented by ten young ladies and gentelmen, title, "The Miller's Daughter." It was very humorous and was played to the Ac light of all. Tuesday was graduation night. There were four young ladies to fin ish, namely: Mary L. Ralston, Nettie Hurt, Northerline Walker and Annie L. Frlerson. The program follows: Opening chorus, March of Nations (Geibel); invocation, Rev. A. L. May- field; chorus, The Life of Youth, (Geibel); oration, Education and Liv bor, Mary L. Ralston; oration, What Everyone Owes Everybody, Norther line Walker; instrumental solo, Miss Merriwether; oration, Where There's a Will There's a Way, Nettie Hurt oration, Neglected Opportunities, An nie L. Frierson; instrumental duet, Misses Easley and Merriwether; pre sentation of certificates, Principal E. L. Klnzer; closing chorus, Over the Meadows Fair. The house was packed at each date by both the colored and white friends of the school. Ice cream was served at each night's program from the Falms, at Nashville. MRS. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON ! AT FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. Mrs. Booker T. Washington -will deliver an address to the ladies at First Baptist Church. Mrs. Booker T. Washington will ad dress the ladies Thursday, June 12, at 3 p. m. o'clock at the First Bap tist Church, Eighth avenue, North. An Invitation is extended to all the ladles of the city. i WILLIAMSPORT NOTES. Mr. Charles Webster made a bus! ness trip to Hillsboro Thursday and returned Saturday. He reports successful trip. Mij. II. P. Smith at tended the school commencement at Turner Normal, Shelbyvllle. He was delighted to be there and to mee; many of his schoolmates and reports a grand closing. Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Hudson, Sirs, Willie Cope- land and Porter Hudson were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Ewlng Hud son, of Williamsport pike, Sunday in the afternoon. Mr. Alexander Head cf Grades Branch, made a flying trip to our town Sunday, and while here he wes the pleasant visitor of Mr, H. L. Hudson. Miss Maud Church spent the week-end with her sister, Mrs. Henry Bryant, of Shady Grove. Miss M. E. Greenfield was entertained by Mr. II. P. Smith Sunday. After an eight-day visit to her daughter, Mrs. W. M. Johnson, Mrs. Collins re turned to her home In Columbia. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Lipscomb enter trlned at a four o'clock dinner Sun day Those ceated at the table were Rev. and Mrs. R. B. Fowers, Mr. and iMra. Baker Bryant, of Shady Grove, Mr. and Mrs. George Anderson, Mrs CorlU Church, Mr. and Mrs John Col lins. Master Marvin and Willie Church. Those who are ill are Mrs. Caroline Hale, Mrs. W. Tucker. Mrs. Amonan Parker. Rev. R. B. Flowers 'filled the pulpit for Rev. N. Smith Sunday at eleven a. m., also at night Both sermons were well re ceived. Rev. Smith spent Friday in Columbia. Mr. and Mrs. James Church spent Monday in Columbia. M es Cassle Loveless was entertained by Mr. John W. Kennedy, of Hamp shire, Sunday Mr. and Mrs. James Henry Weatherspoon and Master J. P. Foster spent Sunday in Santa Fe. While there they attended service at ti.e Baptist church. God in his di vine wisdom and love has seen fit to take from us our friend, Mrs. Bettle Gmtt She was a member of the Christian church forty years. She was devoted to the C. M. E. Church We feel our loss and bow in humble submission to our Father's will. Sis ter Gantt was connected in an tnmga iiere for the betterment of human ity. She never had a joy that she did not share with others. She will be greatly missed in the work of her choice with both white and colored. She leaves to mourn their loss one son, J. A. Gantt, several grandchil dren, relatives and friends. The fu neral services were attended at the - M. E. church by Rev. N. Smith, Rev. G. W. Gummer, of this place, and Rev. Charles Webster. Mrs. Gantt was an apostle of Sunshine and cheer. In her home she was a loving wife and a devoted mother. Master Willie and Joe Frank Porter (white) presented a beautiful floral design. Her remains were laid to rest in Rus sell's Cemetery May 29th. FOURTH AVENUE FIRE EARLY TUESDAY MORNING. Early Tuesday morning the fire ladder was called out to the residence of Mrs. Effie Tyler, but before the company could arrive the house had been considerably damaged, and when the water was turned on the damage to the house furniture rendered it' almost entirely useless. The cause of the fire is unknown. The occupants were aroused from their slumber by people on the out side. They made a narrow escape with their lives, and would have been burned to death had not the neigh bors arcused them from their slumbers. ARCHITECT TO LOOK NASHVILLE OVER. Through reliable source it has been learned that Mr. I. L. Bailey, a prom inent architect of South Carolina, will be In Nashville soon to look over the field here. Mr. Bailey is not only an architect, but a mechanic of rare ability, one who has architectural and mechanical drawing and has spent a number of years in the skilled labor I rofessions. The information was given out by one of the active busi ness men of the city, who has been in correspondence with the gentle m.in. Mr. Bailey is said to have been attracted to Nashville because of the amount of home building and the progressive citizenship to be found here. MRS. FIRE AT FISK UNIVERSITY. Early Monday a fire was discovered In the barn at Flsk University. The fire alarm was turned on and Engine Co. No. 10 responded, but before the flames could be gotten under control the old barn was caught and all the feed and other Implements were damaged to the extend of three or four hundred dollars. They were- able to save all except one horse, and he was so badlv In- taken from Matt. 5:14: "Ye are thejurcd that he had to be shot. The HAMPTON HAS MADE GOOD. Paris, Tenn., June 2. Mr. Editor of Globe: Please give me a little space In your paper to speak of one who the people of rnris think is a great woman. Mrs. Hampton came to us three years ngo, after marrying Rev. Hamp ton with a great recommendation from the people of her home in Co- lumlia as a teacher, sho has made good The white people say she is the best teacher we have ever had. I attended her closing three nights and her closing was the best that ever was in Paris. The Board elect ed her for tho fourth year and say they are going to keep her as long as she will stay. I am a reader of the Globe and hope to see this. We did not think that a woman could be principal of a big school like this, but Bhe is the best we have had. A GLOBE READER. Mr. N. N. Reynolds, of Pulaski, was here on fraternal business Saturday. eluded as a race, except as menials, scavengers and common laborers, at the lowest rate of wages, from the Industrial life of the community, re gardless to qualification; that they are disbarred from the enjoyment of political and civil liberty, and are excluded from social intermingling with the rest of mankind the same as if they were lepers. If discovering ways and means, to give themselves a share in the higher balaried and more honoraoie employ ment: to secure equal political and civil liberty with the members of other races; and to acquire equal recognition and consideration, when they are otherwise equal, with others in the social body, do not constitute a problem peculiar to Afro-Americans, then there is no problem of any kind for any other people in the world. Those who declare that there is not a race problem for members of the Afro-American race, either expose their ignorance or duplicity. ffl Thtn rnrf has two of the most serious problems that ever confronted any portion of the human race. Its problems are both Internal ana ex ternal, and it is impossible for it to solve its external problem before its internal problem shall have been solved. The internal problem of the Afro Amencan race comprehends a busi ness ignorance and spiritual degrada tion peculiar to its members, wfco are without business thought and Ideas, conversations, customs, man ners and activities, and whe are in want of self-appreciation, self-preservation and self-defense, or telf-love, and its solution involves the finding of ways and means to give them the same degree of business thoughts and ideas, customs, manners ana activi ties; and the same degree of self appreciation, or self-love, self-preservation and self-defense that members of other races possess. The external problem of the Afro American race comprehends the eco nomic, political, civic and social se gregation or exclusion of its mem bers. Its internal problem was made when in the establishment of African slavery in this country its members were consigned to a condition of ig norance, poverty and degradation, and were limited and accustomed in employment to the lowest rounds of industry; whose only compensation was the cheapest and scantiest food and clothing essential to keep them in physical condition for the highest possible productive efficiency. In such a condition, and founded upon their right of ownership, those who possessed their ownership demanded and were accorded the proportionate share of the ancestry of the members of this race, in the political and civil affairs, and they were excluded from any participation In all such matters by which they were not only given a different economic status from other members, hot founded upon It a dif ferent political and civil status also. Siich an economic, political and civil condition and status, combining ignor ance, poverty and degradation, could not escape developing an abnormally low and cowardly spirit in them, which unfited them, both economical ly and spiritually, for association with the rest of mankind not In their con dition, and such is the condition and status of their descendants, the Afro- Americans, today. By which it is ecn that the political, civil and social status of the ancestry of the Afro American race was founded upon their economic condition and spirit ual state which remains the political, civil and social status of their de scendants today, who are in the same economic condition and spiritual state, and there is no possibility of changlnng their peculiar political, civil and social status before chang ing the economic and spiritual condi tion and state upon which it is founded. Therefore the Arro-Amerl-can's first great problem is the solu tion of the problem of changing his peculiar economic and spiritual con dition and state, which he has both the legal and physical freedom and ability to do, but which his want of business knowledge and self-love pre vents him from doing. It is apparent that the Afro-American is in such business ignorance that he knows little or nothing of the value of his labor, of what he produces, or what he- consumes beyord quality and quantity. Owing to his want of busi ness knowledge with him it Is only how much or how good in all his business transactions, whether he Is sell his labor or products, or pur- chasing his consumptions, he seldom if ever considers what the profits or losses on his business transactions mean to him in his low condition and segregated state. Even his literarily trained member appears not to have developed suffi cient business consciousness to con ceive that it Is the profit which ethers make on his labor, on what he sells, or what he buys that Is building up the industry or business enterprise In which he Is employed only as a menial, and which is producing the wealth that builds the places of pub lic accommodation from which he Is excluded and to sec that he can so solving his economic or basic problem, the Afro-American must first apply himself to the solution of the problem of his spiritual degradation and busi ness ignorance, or hia self-depreciation and want of business knowledge. Just as the white man played a great part in making, he can play a great part in solving the two great problems of this race as soon aa he can overcome his false teaching that the traditions which his ancestry gave its ancestry to make slaves, tools and inferiors were ordained by the God of nature. But as soon as the Afro-American begins to originate Instead of always absorbing the thoughts of others he will see that the traditions which pro duce his peculiar order of many were made by the master's art and not the God of nature, and that as soon as he rids himself of them he will at once begin to produce a very different order of man. Great harm has come and is coming to him because both his friends and foes appear to regard and have treated and are treating his spiritual degradation and business ignorance which have been developed and are. being developed in the artificial tra ditions and environment devised for slaves and designed to produce them as natal and inerradical racial instead of traditional traits. That is, they erroneously See his spiritual degrada tion and business Ignorance as In separably associated with the person of a member of this race instead of his traditions and environment, and for such reason they do not see how to rid him of them. Owing to such erroneous assump tions his enemies damn him to all eternity as having been created an inferior by the God of nature, and is for such reason a hopeless failure, and he and his friends are without the means of defense. P. H. SCHOOL PROMOTED TO 9-B. January Division. William Coleman, Hoyte Cooper, Clifford Kelly, ihos. Martin, Fred Merritt, William Reece, Conness Shook, Fred Smith, Thos. Smith, Chas. White, Myrtle C. Allen (Sum mer School), Katie Boyd, Eva Bran don, Nannie Brooksi, Mamie Cole, Ernestine CrooS, Addie Darden, Lil lian Dixon, Lyala Ewlng, Pearl Flem ing, Maria Head, Naomi Holman,. Laura Johnson, Amelia Keeble, Laura Kslly, Sadie Kelly, Mary Lenox, Bird ie McAdoo, Alice McGavock, Aleij McGavock, Hattie Miller, Alice Per kins, Alma Petway, Ida Pellon, Clar ice Pope, Llllie Poynter, Hannah Reed, Fannie Reid, Mamie Reynolds, Westella Scott, Louise Scruggs, Janie . Secrest, Mary Slaughter, Alice Smith, Pincola Smith, Lucy Sneed, Mary Steele, Lillie Stewart, Llllie Strat ton, Maud Sublette, Alberta Watkins, Elizabeth Woodard. 8-A GRADUATES PEARL HIGH. . June Class. Bruce L. Davis, W. S. Ellington, Solomon P. Harris, William Hayne3, Thomas Hill, Merrill McClain, Van L. ' Neeley, Isaac Perkins, Frank. T. Phil lips, Zody II. Rucker, Charles Steele, F. A. Stewart, Wni. P. Stringer, Macio White, Milton Young, Florence Barnes, Louise Barnes, Alice Billups, Sadie Bradford, Louise- Brown, Mamie Brown, Annie Chrismon, Lillian A. Christopher, Tiny B. Clendenning, Francesco Coombs, Ruth Crosthwait. Roberta Dickerson, Maggie L. Eakins, Magnolia P. Fowler, Fadle Frierson, Mattie Gregory, Be-ulah Ilailey, Grace Harrison, Hazel Harwell, Estella Hog gatt, Mary B. Jackson, George D. Jett, Anna B. Johnson, Eva M. Lawson, Mamie Leonard, Emma Lewis, Rebec ca Lyda, Bessie M. McGavock, Lucile McKay, Lizzie McKeever, Hazel Mar tin. Mattie L. Mays, Nannie Moore, Mary Owen, Beatrice Payne, Mattie O. Reeves, Flora Rucker, Elizabeth San dors, Mary Salterfield, Emma Shane, Claudia Mai Smith, Mabel Smith, Lillie M. Shute, Martha Southall. Prineelln Swift, Josephine Thomas, Lucelia Tolds, Annie Webb, Lillie Wilkerson, Ardena Williams. DR. WM. P. SAUNDERS, OF BIR MINGHAM, ILL WITH FEVER. News was received Tuesdav morn ing that Dr. Wm. P. Saunders has been ouite ill with fever for a week, with three doctors and a nurse in at tendance, he is some better now. Dr. Saunders graduated from Mehar ry with the Medical Class soma welts ago. He haa many friends here who are Interested in his success and wish for him a speedy recovery. CARD OF THANKS. City, June 3. 1913. We wish to thank our many .friends for the kindness shown us diiilncr the illness and death of our dear son and brother. Resnectfully, S If. Johnson, Father, Estella Johnson Martin, Amanda V. Johnson, Anna B. and Jennie Johnson, Bisters. 4 Mr. Beecher Irvin and Miss Hattie Snurlock spent last Sunday 1n Leb anon. They were tho guests of Mr. and Mrs. Simon Irvin. A tempting dinner was served.