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NASHVILLE GLOBE, FRIDAY AUGUST 80, 1918.
U. S. FOOD ADMINISTRATION IS WHEAT INDISPENSABLE OUD DIET? IN The question naturally arises, how. ever: To what extent can the wheat to which we are now accustomed in our diet be reduced without Injury to the health or the Individual of the Nation? This question was put by the Food Administration to a com mittee of experts recently assembled in Washington to consider the SDeclal physiological problems involved in the general problem of wheat conserva tion. Dr. R. H. Chittenden, Professor of Physiological Chemistry and Dean of Sheffield Scientific School, Yale. . Dr. Graham Lusk, Professor of Physlology.Cornel University. Dr. E. V. McCullum, Professor of Bio-Chemistry, John Hopkins Uni versity. Dr. L. B. Mendel, Professor of Phy siological Chemistry, Tale University C. L. Alsberg, Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry, U. S. Department of Agriculture. Dr. P. C. Longworthy, Chief, Home Economics Division, State Extension Service, U. S. Department of Agricul ture. , Dr. Alonzo E. Taylor, Professor of Physiological Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania. Prof. Vernon Kellogg, Stanford University. Dr. Raymond Pearl, School of Hygiene, John Hopkins University. Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, formerly Dean of the Stanford University Medi cal School; now President of Stanford University. The commute ,as may be seen, was composed of the highest physiological authorities In the country. Their answer to jthe question was v direct and unequivocal. It is the scientific opinion of the committee that in a mixed diet wheat may be entirely replaced, without harm, by other available cereals, name ly, rice, barley, oats, and corn. How ever, we should not recommend this except as an emergency measure. The committee's particular reason for not recommending this, apart from the fact that wheat Is perhaps the most convenient cereal for use because of its special qualities con nected with the making of bread in loaves that will stand up and remain sweet and palatable for several days, 4s that going without wheat would be a psychological though not a phy siological deprivation. We are accus tomed as a Nation, just as most of he nations of Europe are, to the use of wheat bread ,and a sudden break in our custom would have for some people a psychological signlflance more or less disturbing. However, if these people could well understand the emergency leading to the change, and then could recognize that they are aiding their COlintrv in the great emergency by making the cringe, this psychological disturb ance would be much reduced. ExaCt.1v thin mnHIH t . . national emergency, to meet which ..the loyal and patriotic efforts of all t-Jtne people are needed, is the condition J to-day. It is only because of this great national emergency that the oFod Ad ministration makes use of thiH doit. berate Judgment of the physiological Even under these circumstances, it is recognized that because of econo mic and commercial reasons, not all oi me people or America can go with out bread based on wheat, but it Is ceretaln that a great many people In this country can easily do bo. It is the belief of the Food Administration that,( for the sake of maintaining the wheat-bread supply for the armies and civilians of our fighting associates in the war, as well as our own soldiers in France, every patriotic American who can possibly do so will be glad to dispense entirely with wheat from now until the next harvest. U. S. FOOD ADMINISTRATION. The sugar shortage in our country is bo grave that the household allow ance was reduced on August 1 to two pounds per person per month.' Our soldier and sailors must, have all the sugar they need and they can have this amount of sugar If we at home follow the regulations of the Food Administration. It is your patriotic duty to see that your readers understand the sit uation and to do their part to meet it. We suggest that you make editorial comment upon the necessity for the saving of sugar. We know that vou can be depended upon to present the case as It is. Urge our people to eat less" sugar an dto use instead sorghum, molasses, syrup, honey, fruits (fre,sti and dried) Your readers gave the nation special service by saving wheat, ask them to do equally as well In saving sugar. Kespectfully, ,A. U. CRAIO. v Washington, D. C. IMPORTANT. TO ALL FOOD ADMINISTRATION WORKERS: "We can not administer the food problem on the basis one year's war. We must prepare for its long contin uance if we are to insure absolute vic tory," declared the Food Controllers of the United States, France, Italy and Great Britan in a. joint resolution adopted at a conference in London. Thn roanluHnn nrklnu i i i i nmi-u was uaiueu to day to the United States Food Ad ministration, emphasizes the neces sity of building up reserves in North America as an Insurance against pos hible crop failures here and else where and the diminution of agri cultural labor. The cable follows: "Resolved, that- while the increas . ed production of the United States COAL CONSUMERS "MUST MY WINTER SUMY KOW - Caiuiuneri must lnty their Tinier supply of Coal duritg the Sprirtf) aiid Summer for : sW.ijle iftroductkur if to be maintained, at a maximnmandihe. cotmby eiubled. to avoid a aer'uxa ' Coal sWrtacJe this Vmkr mmAm it possible to relax some of the restrictions which have borne with peculiar hardship upon all our peoples; yet it Is absolutely neces sary that rigid economy and elimina tion of waste in the consumption and handling of all foodstuffs, as well as Increased production, should be main tained throughout the European Al lied countries and in North America.1 It is only by such economy and ell-! -Lmination of, waste that the transpor- taiion oi me necessary men and sup plies from North America to the European front can be accomplished and the stocks of foodstuffs can be built up in North America as an 'in-1 suranre against the ever-present dan-j ger of harvest failure and the pos sible necessity for large and emer- j gency drafts to Europe. We cannot: administer tho food problem on tho Dasis or one year s war. We must prepare for its long continuance if we are to Insure absolute victory." Before the war, only about 10 per cent of the food deficit in the Allied I countries was provided by America. Approximately 50 per cent of the Allied deficit was filled last year by the United States and Canada. And from th 1918 crops we will very prob ably be called upon to supply a much larger proportion of this ever-Increasing European deficit. About 1,600,000 tons of shipping could be saved if we made it possible to withdraw ships now taking to Europe food from Australia, India and South America. Were this done, it would be possible to transport and maintain in France a much larger t American soldiers. Many of the difficulties ot convoy could be overcome it the bulk of shipping plied the Blngle lane between Europe and North America. Interpreted in terms of men on the fighting front, every ship diverted from Australia coxld perform an equivalent service from American ports and in the time it had taken for one round trip from Europe to Australia could make two additional trips from Europe to the United States. In other words, it could furnish Europe with the sami amount of food and In the same length of time could make one trip as a troop ship and another to trans port additional food. With men leaving our farms in ever increasing number to engage in direct war work, we probably see this year the height of our agricul tural production. To protect our selves and the Allies against the in evitable shortage of the future we must take advantage of this year's production to lay by reserves. Although public eating places ml households which voluntarily went to a no-wheat basis earlier in the year have been released from their promise to forego entirely the use of what, they must still practice economy. Release from their pledge only places them on the same basis as the rest, of the American people. Probably cs long as the war lasts they mu9t use Victory bread. They must face a3 rigid economy in other directions. Especially is this true at present in the case of sugar. The American peo ple as a whole are expected to adopt on August 1, an honor ration of two pounds of sugar per person per month. SUGAR SUPPLY. , 1. Where does America get her sugar? Cuba More than one-half. Sugar beet production in the United States one-seventh. Hawaii one-eighth. Louisiana one-twentieth. Porto Rico, the Philippines, Miscel laneous sources the remainder. 2. Where did the Allies formerly get sugar? France, Italy, and the Low Coun tries raised their own. England re ceived more than one-half from the Teutonic Empires, Imported largely from Java, and got a little from the British West Indies. 3. Where do the Allies now get their sugar? rne central rowers as a source are cut off. Production in Italy and France is only about one-third what It was before the war. They'must tie pend very largely now upon America sources of supply. 4. Are there no supplies of sugar In the East Indies? . There are quantities of sugar in Java and some in other Islands; but ship can not be spared for trips to Java while sugar can be obtained else' were by one-third the haul. o. wny is tnere need to conserve sugar now In this country? To meet the Allied shortage. To release ships formerly used In the sugar trade to carry soldiers and supplies to Europe. To make up the loss of beet sugar ianas . ana lactones captured or destroyed by the Germans in northern France and Italy. Ships which would have kept up tne now or sugar have been sunk. rweniy-six mousana tons or sugar were lost recently in submarine raids upon our Atlantic coast. Fifty thou sand tons of sugar-carrying shipping, were transferred to meet the require ments ot Belgian relief. 6. Is there danger of a sugar famine? No; but there Is a shortage as com pared with the prewar days when Americans used more than 80 pounds per capita per year. If our people will follow the directions of the Food Ad ministration liberal compared with the rules of England, France and Italy there will be sufficient sugar for our needs. 7. How much sugar can each person have? fwc "i(isJfi ft And "You are only asked to save and not waste "Food ' Not more than 2 pounds per month per person for household use and a limited supply for the necessary pre servation of fruit and other foods. The Army and Navy must receive their ration. 8. How Is the Food Administration handling distribution of sugar? Use of sugar in manufacturing any thing but foodstuffs an dexplosives has been forbidden; manufacturers of soft drinks, candy, and other less es sentials have been rigidly restrioted; the supply of sugar to ice cream makers and bakers has been cur tailed. For ordinary household use not more than 2 pounds can be bought at one time for town and city resi dents, and not more than 6 pounds at one time for country people except at the discretion of the Federal Food Administrator for the State or his deputies. v 9. What restrictions have been placed on public eating houses in regard to sugar? For every 90 meals served not more than 2 pounds of sugar may be purchased. 10. Are there other rules? Federal Food Administrators in the various States may make rulings to suit local conditions in regard to sugar for home canning. 11. Are civilians to consider them selves on a definite sugar ration? Yes. They are in honor bound to use not more than 2 pounds per per son per month. They are directed to use sugar "substitutes as much bb they can. Substitutes include corn sirup, honey, maple sugar, maple sjrup, sorgnum, rrult, ftuitjulces, etc. 12. What is the sugar ration at pres ent in England, France and Italy? England--2 pounds per person per month. France 1 1-2 pounds per person per month, Including all foods and drinks containing sugar. Italy 1 pound per person per month. ' These rations are not guaranteed. They represent the maximum under present rationing systems, if the sugar can be obtained. 13. Does the 2 pound ration for house holders include sugar for canning? No; not as a general policy. A limit ed amount of sugar is allowed tor preserving fruits at home. However, it is urged that everyone eat less than 2 pounds if possible, so that throughout the country more may be available for canning. 14. How can sugar for home canning be secured? By applying to the Federal Food Administrator of your State, or his deputy In your vicinity. Usually cer tificates must bo signed by persons who wish to secure sugar for canning. These certificates are to be returned to the Federal Food Administrator of the States by the dealers who sell the sugar. Thus a check is kept on canning requisitions. CANNING. 15. Why does the Food Administra tion at present encourage canning without sugar? Because perishable frulta would be lost if not canned. If fruit is steri lized and air excluded, sugar will not be needed as a preservative and enough sugar can be added when the fruit is eaten to make it palatable. 16. Can Jams and jellies be made later when sugar is more plentiful? Yes; from the fruit pulp and Juices that have been sterilized and canned or bottled without sugar. "17. How small an amount of sugar can bo used in making jams, jellies, ana preserves which depend upon sugar as wel as sterilization for their keeping qualities? Allow no more than three-fourths of a pound of sweetening to each RAISE A PIG ! THIS MOTHER IS RAISING FOUR. rfJ'"A -",- , , r riv i , ... : oer ' pound ot fruit. One-half pound for sweet fruits is enough. 18. Can sugar substitutes be used In canning? Yes. Corn sirups and other table sirups not made from granulated sugar can be used with sugar In some parts of the countrv suitable varieties of canned sirups and sorghums are available for pre serving without adding any sugar. 19. How else may fruits be saved without the use of sugar? Some fruits may be dried; others may be stored in a cool cellar. Fruit pulp may be evaporated to a paste, thus concentrating the natural fruit sugar. SUGAR PRICES. 20. How do sugar prices here compare with those in other countries? Net wholesale prices of refined sugar per pound in chief cities of Allied countries since sugar control was established in the United States by the Food Administration: Oct. 1, 1917. New York, $0.0818, Mon treal, $0.0867, London, $0.0998, Paris. $0.1228, Rome, $0,263. May 1, 1918. New York .073, Montreal, .0807, London .1259, Paris. .1228, Rome .263. " 21. What is the average retail price of sugar in the United States. From 8 1-2 to 10 cents a pound, varying slightly in different localities. During the Civil War Bugar sold at retail for 35 cents a pound, when there was no real shortage. Specula tion then was rampant; now it has been checked by Food Administra tion regulation. 22. How have prices been regulated? By voluntary agreement with pro ducers and refiners with regard to the price of the raw sugar and re finers' margins, and by establishing maximum margins for wholesalers and retailers. 23. Would our prices oe higher If there were no control of sugar? The price would, In the face of the world shortage, have mounted ranid- ly, as it has in countries where no' control exists. As the American peo ple consume upward of 8,000,000,000 pounds annually, each cen per pound increase would cost the people more than $80,000,000 a year. j 24. How can I know whether my' grocer Is charging excessive prices for sugar? Consult the list of "fair prices" put lished in the newspapers or write directly to the State Food Adminis trator or his representative in your vicinity. 25. What penalty is there for tho small retail grocer who Is found guilty of charging excessive prices? Wholesalers, all of whom operate under Federal licenses issued by the Food Administration, may cut oft his supplies. HOARDING. 26. What Is sugar hoarding? Having on hand more than is need ed for a reasonable length of time. You should not fall to return any unused balance of sugar purchased for canning purposes. 27. May a household have a month's supply of sugar gn hand? This is not justifiable except in ex treme cases where there are no stores available for purchase, and it should be done only upon advice of the Fed eral Food Administrator or his deputy. 28. What are some of the evil effects of hoarding? It throws the. distribution system out of Joint; it raises prices; it im poses a heavier burden upon those al ready doing their utmost; it results in waste where there are no proper facilities for storage; it discourages the honest. 29. What , is the moral wrong of hoadtng 7 , . It is selfish, cowardly, unpatriotic, , It Is, in effects, taking unto one's self special privileges at a time when all Americans should be on the same footing, share and share alike. 30. Is there any punishment for hoarders? Yes. The Food Control Act provides fines of not more than $5,000 and im prisonment for hoarding by dealers, manufacturers or householders. GENERAL SUGAR CONSERVATION 81. Is sugar necessary in the diet? Neither cane nor beet sugar Is necessary. In the average American diet all the bodily needs may ordin arily be supplied by using honey, sirup, fresh ' preserved and dried fruits. ; 32. .What are the general sugar sav ing rules? Use al sugar sparingly and where - vnt possible om ratwatatM. B spar- in or eonrtcuoaa and swet !. The American people last year spent enough money for candy to feed all Belgium for two jeers. Bnnolement sugar with honey, maple sirup, and corn sirup, cultivate a taste for fruit In Its natural sweetness. Sugar Is a fuel-food. Get fuel from potatoes and other starchy foods rather than from sugar. Sugar excels them as an energy-food only because It produces energy more qulekly. They excel sugar, since they supply more than merely the fuel need. 33. If a recipe calls for 1 cup of sugar, what amount of substitute may be used? If a recipe calls for 1 cup of sugar, use in its p)ace 1 cup of strained honey or 1 2-3 to 2 enps of corn sirup. If honey or sirup is used, .the amount of liquid called for in the recipe must bo reduced one-fourth cup for every tuij in uuuey or sirup. 34. How may the sugar ration be ex pressed in quantities known to every one? Two pounds per month means about 8 ounces per week, or a little more than 1 ounce a day. This daily ra tion is a trifle more than 2 tablespoons level full. It should be remembered that this is to include all sugar used tor any purpose whatsoever for table use, cooking, in ice cream and desserts, on cereals or fruit, in sugar sirups used on griddle cakes, etc. PROGRESS OF WAR DEPT. COMMANDER OF STUDENT AEMY TRAINING CAMP Washington, D. C, Aug. 7 Lieut. Russell Smith has been detailed as commanding officer of the Washing ton Student Army Training Camp Just opened on the Howard Univer sity grounds. Lieut. Smith Is a native of Cov ington Va., where he was reared and received a rudimentary education in the public schools. He enlisted in the 10th United States Calvary, and served with Troop B of that organi zation thirteen years. He saw for eign service with the gallant 10th Cavalry in the Philippines and in Mexico. He attended the Reserve Of ficers' Training Camp at Fort Des Moinos last year and was graduated, receiving a commission as first lieut enant. His most recent military service was at Camp Dlx where he served on a detail with the 153d Depot Brigade and with a field artil lery regiment at that station. His commission and assignment have been earned by diligent and meritor ious service. The Student Army Training Camn at Howard is for the instruction of representatives of colored colleges throughout the land, to the number of 300, who will be given Intensive training in military science and tac tics for a period of forty-seven days, after which they will return to their respective institutions to train others in the work which they have learned. Provision has been made for the formation of a student army corps which will be advantageous to the national army when the young men are eventually called to the colors. Many colored schools are taking ad vantage of this training offered at Howard University. WAS DEPARTMENT BUREAU STEADILY GROWING Washington, D. C, Aug. 7 When Mr. Emmett J. Scott, Secretary of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial In stitute, wrfs called to Washington last October to serve, as Special Assistant to the Secretary of War, he immedi ately requested the Department of Commerce to release Mr. William H. Davis, who for many years had been performing stenographic and other technical work in that Department of the Government, and who for many years has been official stenographer ot the National Negro Business League. Mr. Davis was accordingly released and has been serving as sec retary and first assistant to Mr. Scott since the beginning of his work in Washington. The ollico force was later enlarged bv the addition of Mr. Charles A. Wilson of Boston, Mass., a stenogra phic helper, and within the last few weeks by tho further addition of Mr. Charles L. Webb, of Chicago, 111., a stenographic helper, formerly status clerk in the United States General Lind Oiflce, Interior Department, and Mr. R. W. Thompson, tho well-known correspondent, who has been trans ferred from the Treasury Department to serve as an assistant in handling the many Intricate problems which come to the office of the Special As sistant, whose bureau looks after matters affecting the interests of col ored soldiers and colored citizens gen erally during the period of the pres ent war, and Is aottng in conjunction with the Committee on Public Infor mation and other agencies of the Government in the important work ot stimulating the continued loyalty of the colored Americans. The duties involving upon Mr. Scott have grown steadily in volume end gravity and it has been necessary to steadily Increase his office force to keep pace with the overwhelming mass ot correspondence that flows daily Into the office and to properly care for the welfare of the hundreds ot cases that constantly press for at- U. H. Food Admlnlatratlon. Jist ez de buckwheat cake got flop over 'on his face, Br'er Bacon rin' dance 'roun en say, sezee: "One good tu'n deaarves en nuth er," sezee. Meanin' dat ef de soier boys go en do de flBhtin fer us, de leas' we alls kin do ia ter' sen' 'em all de wheat en eat buckwheat instid. Co'n meal, rye en barley flour fer us will be'p a 1 lot teo. !iV k sfj T T f Kp i mi ?a V .' , . v HUNGER. For tliree years America Has fought Starvation Belgium Will you Eat less wheat meat fats and ugar v. that we may still tend food in ihip loads ? o tentlon and touch every possible phase ot the activities of the colored people of the nation. WAR FINANCE CORPORATION AIDS FARMERS. In compliance with telegraphed In structions from Secretary McAdoo, the War Finance Corporation has wired Federal reserve banks at Dallas, Kan sas City and Minneapolis to notify banks and trust companies in their respective districts, nonmembers as well as members of the Federal Re serve System, of the willingness of the corporation to make advances to those financial Institutions which had made loans to farmers and cattle men. Droughts in these districts are creating a Berlous condition for the 1 farmers and this action is taken to relieve the situation. Secretary McAdoo stated that no industry was more vital to the war than raisinjg wheat, corn, live stock, and other food products, and that the banks should make loans on the notes of farmers, since they are engaged in an industry not only necessary and contributory to the winning of the war but vital to It. EXCHANGE OF LIBERTY BONDS. The Issue of registered bonds ot the Third Liberty Loan has progressed so far that transfers and exchanges of registered for coupon bonds will be made on and after August 1 until August IS. Tne registry books will be closed on Us later date in order to prepare checks for Interest payments on September 15. Bonds may be pre sented during such period for transfer or exchange, but such transaction will be effected after September 15 and the September interest paid to whomever was holder of the bonds on August 15. Coupon bonds presented after Au gust 15 for exchange for registered bonds should have the September in terest coapon detached; the regis tered bonds issued upon such ex change will bear interest from Sep tember 15. HIGH PRODUCTION OF ARMS AND MUNITIONS. The attention of owners of Liberty Bonds and War Savings Stamps is called to the following. They are financing the work: On one day In June last approxi mately 27,000,000 cartridges of vari ous descriptions were produced in the United States manufacturing plants for the United States govern ment. The daily average production of United States Army rifles was broken In the week ending June 29, an aver age of 10,142 rifles a day of a modi fied Enfield and Springfield type be ing maintained. In addition spare parts equivalent to several thousand rlile and several thousand Russian rifles were mnufactured. The Ordinance Department. ha3 pro duced 2,014,815,584 cartridges, 1,880, 769 rifles, and 82,540 machine guns since the United States entered the war. The daily output of cartridges is now 15.000.u00. DID NOT BORROW TO BUY BONDS. The Federal Reserve Bulletin says lhat one of the most encuuiauing and gratifying features of the Third Lib erty Loan is that apparently there has been little use of bank accommo dations for the purehaso of the bonds. It estimates that probably more than 80 per cent of the bonds are already tully paid for. , The financial statements of the va rious Federal reserve banks Indicate, according to the Bulletin, that not much borrowing from the banks was done by the subscribers to the third loan. n"hey either paid cash or bought on the installment plan. This eases a great deal the burden ot the banks, upon whose shoulders rests the financing of the business and industry of the country. SAVING AND. SERVING. By economizing in consumption and with the resultant saving purchasing the Government's war securities the American citizen performs a double duty. The citizen and the Govern ment cannot use the same labor and mpt.orinl; it the citizen Mees it, the material and the labor cannot be U3ed by the Government. If the citizen economizes in consumption, so much material and labor and transforation space is left free for Government uses. And when the saving effected Is lent to the Government more money is thus placed al the disposal of the Government. The more tne people save the more money, labor and materials are left for the winning of tho war, the great er and more complete the support glveh to our fighting men. LIBERTY LOAN AND SAVINGS BANKS. The effect of the Liberty Loans and the War Savings Stamps on savings hanks' deposits has been watched with keen interest by economists and financiers- The experience of Eng land was very encouraging; in the year 1916 the English small deposi tors purchased billions of dollars ot war bonds and at the same time in creased their deposits in savings banks over $00,000,000. iThe belief is entertained that the result in America has been very similar to that in England, and that despite the purchase by the Ameri can people of some $10,000,000,600 ot Llbery Bonds and $500,000,00 ot War Savings Stamps, ,a very fair proportion of which weie purchased by savings bank depositors, savings banks deposits have Increased. ' las II a TBiF"73 Na'MfaltAft.Ms'arf SsaeTeMtoai'MNtUM rrtT. Ira to Ml tela Til mUEALTU tlYUTKIT G9. (Incorporate) Otflee 410 CEDAR STREET People's Savings Bank 4 Tresl Co. m$. ""asT SEE HERK. f you wish a LOAN to meet the expenses o these war times to pay taxes, to meet the in creased cost of Jiving etc Call at the One Cent Savings Bank And be accommodated IHIABU IlkM. U. i H ma: Mot!vmJ H kut n H kM nn i tt l&dbaa kM, nl U m to Hlmtflwi an jp wmj w f I aul to. I MMadlajr yo mf D to ho m bom ST' Dontbtaomafcke Kink femmrfool yon. Yoa naltr can't stniKlitsa roar bair until it la nua and ions. TbaX'i what EXELENTOSS does. wmovaaDandniff. feeda the Roota of da hair, and nokea it axow long, aoft and ailky. After naina a fewtimeayoacan tell fhadiffarenee, and after a little while it wOlbeeo prattf and taut that yon eau fix ttaptoBuityoa. If Exelento don't do a we elaun. wa mil give your nuwaj backet Price 2Se fc anil en receipt of stamps AOCNTS WANTED EVERYWHERE. WrH tor rartf ralars. DCIUSMTO MEOlcuta eK, Atlanta, Be. SiWIl SUGAR ion HIE MAN Full reports have been received from the savings banks in New York State. They show a decrease in de posits for the last year of only $8,000,- 000, but an Increase of 21,202 deposi tors. The loss in deposits is insigni ficant; the Increase In the number of depositors very signillcant. With in creased cost of living and other war conditions, the decrease in deposits might well be espected; the increase of deposits shows that the soring habit is greatly growing in our coun try. e U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. Tho Women's Division of the U. 8. Employment Service, under the sup ervision of Miss Helena McNeills, finds, after compiling its report for the . week ending August 10, tho follow ing excellent llgures: Numbor of calls for help, Ki; number ot workers wanted, 208; number of -applications for work, 97; number sent to accept positions, S9; number actually placed, 8S. This report covers book keepers, bill clerks, .neneral oihee workers, stenographers, saleswomen, -milliners, salesladies for department stores, knitters and linisliers for hosiery mills, bag makers, compan ions, cooks, kitchen help, maids, wait resses, artists, fiction writers and heinists. The work of the Service is growing bv leaps and bounds, as employers and workers become better acquaint ed with Its nature. Miss McNeills is very anxious to see that every employer in tho city, who needs the help of women, gets it, and wheu called on she makes every effort to send some one suita ble. For this reason every woman in or near Nashville, white or col ored, who wants something to do, should replster with the Service at 175 8th avenue, N., and sooner or later a good position will be the re sult. It Is Impossible for any one to real- lize how many different occupations women can handle, and a review ot the flies of the Woman's Division ia quite surprising, as it shows regis trations for vocations, which women have not heretofore been considered capable of following, and proves, with out a doubt, that they ore prepared to do their bit by taking the places ot men who have been sent to the front. '" Loral employers, as well as those outside of Nashville, are taking ad vantage of the opportunities the Ser vice offers, and find it saves much time, trouble and expense, to call the Woman's Division by 'phone and have some one sent who will fill the bill. LOANS TO OUR ALLIES. The Unitod States Treasury has ex tended additional credits of $100, 000,000 to France, -9,000,000 to Bel grim and $3,000,000 to Serbia. Tie total of credit advanced to our asso ciates in the war against Germany is now $0,492,040,000. SEAMEN INSURANCE. Practically 80,000 officers and sallon on American owned ajid registered vessels trading In the waters where the German submarines operate have teen insured by the Treasury Depart ment. The aggregate of tie policies total well over $100,000,000. This insurance is made compulsory This law and since the submarines gan to infest American waters it ap plies to all vessels trading to or from our Atlantic and Gulf ports. Small fishing vessels are excluled. If?