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The DTew Connty and City, and the Future Carden Spot of Colorado. —Natural Advantages, Etc. The growth of towns on the western fron tier is *> marvel to some; they show the ag gressive commercial spirit of the people— quick to seize some point of vantage for pres ent gain and future profit. One might say that here, where the echo of the Indian’s moccasin had hardly died out of the Valleys, that we can well believe were “Fair as the garden of the Lord To the eyes of the famished Indian horde.” that inhabited them so short flrne ago, and from which they fiitted away all unwillingly —one might think, we say, that here there could be no vista of promise opening up to civilized eyes so soon. But the clear eyes and the clearer brain of one small in stature, but great in activity and intellect, saw and understood, and upon the sloping mesa at the junction of two lair streams there stands a young town giving piomise of great prosper ity in the near future. The town of Delta —which bears the same name as the county itself—is located between the Uncompaligre and tlje Gunnison, just above the point where the two rivers tlow to gether. The valleys of these streams, in this vicinity, are very beautiful, and are all that could possibly be desired in an agricultural point of view. Delta is located in the very center of the agricultural and grazing coun try, and has tributary to it about 100,000 acres of as fine farming and fruit-growing laud as can be found in the State of Colorado. This place is the nearest, and, in fact, the only trading point for all the country up the Gun nison as far as the famed Black canon, the settlements on the North Fork, of itself an an extensive country, rich in coal and cattle, on the Koubideau, Surface and Forked Tongue creeks; and down the valley of the Gunnison for several miles, and up the Uucompahgre river for tejj to twelve miles. All the streams of the county lead to Delta as the fingers to the hand; hence it is destined to be a railroad center; The Denver 6c Kio Grande railway, Utah division, was completed to Delta last fall. By April 1 through trains will be running from Denver and Pueblo to Salt Lake city. By its connections with the Chicago, Burlington 6c Quincy, and the Atch ison, Topeka & Santa Fe, on the east, with the Central Pacific on the west, it will be on a trunk line from Chicago und St. Louis to San Francisco. The Denver 6c Rio Grande has surveyed two other lines to Delta, one down the Grand canon of the Gunnison from the mouth of the Cimarron, with a view to nvoiding the present grade over the Cedar di vide; the other from Crested Butte, through the anthracite coal field and down the North Fork. The Denver 6c South Park railroad is graded from Gunnison to Ruby, and is sur veyed thence to Delta, through the same an thracite coal-field. It is only a matter of time that these three other roads will be built. The situation of Delpt is such that no railroad down the Gunnison, 1 North Fork or Uncompahgre can iguore her. A school has been kept up during the summer and winter. The Town company is making provision for a free reading room. Lots have beeu set apart for a church and parsonage for cuch of the leading denominations. Parks have be ! m reserved for the court and schools. Arrange ments are being made by the Town company to plant the parks and streets with trees. It is the intention to make the town a pleasant home for families. Good clay is at hand for making brick, and beautiful white magnesian and red sandstone can be had. The largest wagon bridge west of the “range”—about 400 feet long—spans the Gunnison at this point. * The elevation of Delta, as given by Prof. Marcy, is 4,800 feet. Delta has a municipal government; Mr. M. C. Vandc veil ter is Mayor. The Town company in September, 1881, se lected about 500 acres for a town/, which has been surveyed and platted. is composed of George A. Crawforu^yiresident and genera! manager; Harvey A. Bailey, as sistent manager; M. C. Vumleveiiter, secre tary; together with D. C. Dodge, general manager of the Denver 6c Kio Grande; W. A. Bell, vice president of the Denver 6c Rio Grande; W. F. Wei three, manager of con struction of the Denver 6t Kio Grande, as di rectors. There are also Hon. Allison White and H. Rood, of Philadelphia; F. M. Ander son, W. O. Stephens and M. F. Fredericks, of Delta, and the Denver 6c Kio Grande railway company, stockholders of the company. TIIK COUNTY. The boundary lines of Delta county jire as follows: Beginning at a point three miles south of the third correction line extended west to a point of intersection with the 107° 30' west longitude; thenoe due north along said degree of longitude to the divide, between the headwaters of the Grand and North Fork of the Gunnison rivers; thence along said divide in a southwesterly direction to a point on the extreme southwestern ex of the Grand Mesa; thence in a southwest erly direction to the mouth of the Kio Dominguez; thence due south to a point three miles south of an extension of the third correction line; thence due east par allel with said extension of the third cor rection line to the place of beginning. The county scut is Delta. " THE VALLEYS. A recent writer has said of the soil of the valleys that it “shows at least four distinct characteristics. The first; running in a nar row belt along the bank of the river, is a dark, rich, sandy loam, largely covered with cottonwoods, willows and underbrush. The sage-brush lands come next in order, in ap pearance resemblingthe fertile lands of Utah and California, carrying bat a small quantity of sand, are also very productive and desir able. The greascwood lauds, being the most extensive of the valley lands, do not appear to contain a particle of sand. They are light and dusty when dry, and sticky and slippery when wet.** 0 The valleys proper—of both the Gunnison and Uncompahgre—are from three to five miles wide, back of which rises the first mesa /to a hight of from thirty to fifty feet. This mesa is an extensive bench of good land which will in time be irrigated and covered with farm's. This mesa exists on both sides of the rivers and extends back to the foot of the plateaus, or as they are generally called, the grand mesas. The rivers run through the central part of the valleys, so that good farms are located on either side. An abundant growth of cottonwoods extends along the banks of the streams, and it is from these trees that the settlers have for the most part built their cottages,- and for a new country, it must be said, these places are very pretty. Yellow pine of the best quality covers the mountain ranges. There is a belt beginning near Ouray and running parallel "with and on the west side of the Uncompahgre and Gun nison to Utah, which is from fifty to sixty miles long, and from five to twenty miles wide. It is fifteen miles west of Delta, and can be reached by wagon road. It affords a good opening for saw mills. The lumber made from this timber is as good, if not bet ter than the best Chicago or Milwaukee lum ber. LAND. The lands since July 28, 1882, are open to pre-emption, to town-site entry, and to entry under the mineral statutes, but not to home stead or scrip entries, or timber culture. A government survey has been ordered, but the pre-emptor will have übout three years to pay for his land. WHAT WILL GROW HERE? To this question there is but one answer to make: Almost anything in the agricultural line and in the way of fruits, a possibility that all kinds can be successfully grown. The first assertion has been practically demonstrated. On one runch was raised corn, alfalfa, potatoes, turnips, beets, carrots, parsnips, cabbage, onions, tomatoes, beans, squash, peas, cucumbers,. lettuce, musk and watermelons, and radishes. The domestic grasses all grow by irrigation—timothy, blue top, Hungarian, millet, etc. Potatoes weighing six and a half pounds were raised on the North Fork, and green eoru and mel ons were furnished to the Gunnison market. Lust year Odessa wheat yielded over 50 bush els to the acre, oati from 50 to 70 bushels, und potatoes from 200 to 400 bushels. It can be safely asserted that all the cerpals and vege tables suited to a temperate zone may be raised. It may be that here, as in,the valleys on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, that the intense winter warmth followed by sudden extremes of cold, may be fatal to fruit culture; but soil and climate matching thut soil and climate where the peach and apricot fiourish to perfection are thought to be here. Young apple trees set out last spring grew from fifteen to thirty-six inches during the season. STOCK. The plateaus, or grand mesas, as they are commonly called, drained by the tributrics of the Gunnison and Uncompahgre rivers, is a fine cattle country. There are great mesas sloping down from the foot of the ranges, containing hundreds of thousands of acres of fine, rich, alluvial soil, which in summer, as far as the eye can reach, is one great waving sea of grass resembling blue-joint, but in reality grama grass. Here are vast ranges yet to l»c occupied, and to become the stock growing paradise. In winter stock can be run in the valley country below these high mesas, where bunch-grass abounds und but little snow is met with, save in exceptional winters Last year a profit of 50 to 100 per cent, was made on stock. Milch cdw*yftre from SSO to $75; stock cows, $35; woAroxen, SIOO to $125 per yoke; beef, 8 to 10 per pound; sheep, $2.50 to $3; horses, $75 to $100; mules, SIOO to $150; ponies, S3O to SSO. GAME. Game can be found here in great abund ance. It is estimated that last winter fully 3,000 deer were killed within a few miles of Dcltu. Rabbits, ducks, geese, plovers, cur lews, grouse and prairie chickens, beside the larger game, such as elk, deer, and several varieties of l>ear, are found in every direction. Mountain sheep can be fouud on the higher mountain ranges. The streams are full of B]>eckled trout und salmon, affording line sport for the manipulator of the line and fly. COAL. Delta is in the neighborhood of twenty miles from Smith's Fork, North Fork, and Surface creek, where coal deposits are exten sive, and the quulity equal to that of Penn sylvania. By analyses make by experienced metallurgists in the Ejurt, the bituminous coal contains 75 per cent, of carbon and but a small percentage of ash and moisture; the anthracite coal contains from 88 to 93 |H*r cent, carbon. For 1,500 miles east and 1,200 west this coal is not found. As has been well said, "All the country west of the Missouri must depend upon these deposits. A country larger than all the States east of the Missouri river, the future millions must look to-this area for their supply of anthracite." Some day the Pittsburg of the West will be fouud within easy distance of Delta, furnishing a market for the produce raised in the valleys and mesa lanns udjoining the town. Coal outcrops all tae way down the valleys. THE MARKETS. All the mining camps west of the Divide must be supplied with food that can be pro duced in the Uncompahgre ami Gunnison val leys. These great mining belts are easily reached by the railways and wagon roads. We can safely say that here in these incom parable valleys we can compete successfully with far-away producers, having in our favor a shorter distance for transjwrtation and the ability to place perishable articles in a fresher state upon the market. Red Mountain. From the Silverton Herald. William Sullivan has found good ore on a claim which adjoins the town-site on the south. Parsell and Jardine own the Humboldt, near the Yankee Girl, from which some fine ore is shown. A cave was struck in the Enterprise tunnel lately, showing some very l\ue dark colored cooper mineral. The Hough and Ready joins the Treasure Trove, and the assessment now being worked has developed some fine looking ore. John B. Rowland lius let a contract to build a cabin on the Cincinnati lode. He will sink a shaft 150 feet. This lode is near the Congress. Messrs. Murray, Twigg and others have struck some fine looking ore on the Bornite, just north of Red Mountain town, and within the limits of the town plat. Messrs. King, Casebolt and Wing own the Silver Case, just east of the Yankee Girl, up on which iney have run a 28-foot erosq-cut, and now inland to run a 50-foot drift. A great amount of staking has been done within the past two weeks, in the section ly ing between the Yankee Girl mine and Gray Copper Falls creek. Some ore from ojie of these locations assayed 30 per cent, copper. Work has beey resumed on the Acorn lode by Gill, Howard and others. This property is just west of* the Hudson, and the owners are running a cross-cut to intersect the vein. The Enterprise is showing some tine min eral, in appearance to the Hudson ore. The cross-cut is now in about 95 feet. They expected to have to run 110 feet, but present appearances would indicate that they lmve but a few feet farther to run. Casebolt and Vance are the owners of the Galena Bolt, located on the western slope of Red Mountain, about three-fourths of u mile from the Hudson mine. The vein is six feet wide at the surface. A shaft has been sunk 22 feet, from which a drift is being run, with favoraole indications for a large hotly of pay mineral within u very few feet. The same gentlemen also own the Ida May, west of and running at right angles with the Galena Bolt. It shows similar mineral in heavier quartz. They have a shaft now down 12 feet, and intend to sink it 25 feet and then run u drift. Colorado'* Expofultion. From the Rooky Mountain News. The work of preparation for the second an nual exhibit of the National Mining and In dustrial association is progressing rapidly. Favorable reports are coming in from the mining States and Territories to the west, and even distant Mexico, soon to be closely joined to the Union of the StAt<-s in com merce and travel, semis letters of good cheer. The empire of the Montezumas is likely to occupy a prominent share of the mail build ing with an exhibit that will open the eyes of the newer districts, where mining is only in it* infancy as compared with Old Mexico. To accommodate the increased demands for space in the main building proper, the man agement contemplate extending the left wing to a junction with the annex, thus making u continuous large room <S<X> feet in length. This improvement will concentrate the ma chinery in the territory now covered by the unucx* and the pro|M>sed new addition, whieii will relieve the main building from excessive noise, and giving the room now «*c cupicd in it by machinery, motive power and shafting to smaller exhibits. Montana, which is filling so large a space in the mining expectations of the present time, promises to more than double its last year’s exhibit. Iduho, Utah and Wyoming will do eqiiully as well, while New Mexico and Ari zona arc so completely satisfied witli their visit last full that tliey will exert themselves in a partieular degree to largely exceed the exhib its each made at that time, and from which they have derived perceptible benefit. it goes without saying that Colorado will not lie laggard in the work so well and so ably commenced. By the middle of July, when the Exj>osition throws open it* door* to the world, every county in the State, und each particular interest should be on hand with a typical gathering of the best it can show in tin; way of natural resources and in dustrial products. No matter who else gains benefit from ibis congress of the metuls, the mining district* of this State cannot well escape their share, while the farming and coal lands are enhanced in value by reason «»f the prominence it gives them in the way of advertising. The Denver New Pacific I.luc. The New York Economist of February 10 thus speaks of the*new Pacific line: “Ar rangements for the opening of a new route from Chicago to Siui Fraueisco, via Denver and Ogden, are rapidly being completed. The connecting link upon which the new ar rangement largely deiwmls is the Denver & Rio Grande road. The route will be from Chicago to Denver via the Burlington line; from Denver to Ogden via the Denver <Sc Rio Grande road, and from Ogden to Hun Fran cisco by the Genital Pacific road. The ex tension of the Rio Grande road is progressing rapidly, and will be completed to Halt Lake city by Murch 15, and to Ogden April l,when the new line will be formally opened. It is proposed to make this route the most popular from Chicago to the Pacific coast, ns it cer tainly will nc most picturesque, on account of the scenery that will be passed along the line of the Denver & Rio Gramh road. There will he but two changes of ears—one at Denver, und one at Ogden. The time from Chicago to Han Francisco will be the same ns by the other routes. Another attraction will be the fact that Halt Lake and Denver will be sta tions on this line, and among the objects of interests to he passed are two of the great muons of Colorado. It is proposed to run dining room ears on this line as soon as the arrangements can be perfected. The change at Denver ami Ogden will Ins made in the union depots there." Repeal of the Pre-Emption I.nwN. The pre-emotion laws ure no more. This will not interfere with the acquisition of land on the reservation, as the following, clipped from the proceedings of Congress, shows: The amendment was adopted, and is in it* full text a* follows: Provided , That the pre-emption laws, to gether with all laws authorizing the filing of declaratory statements for entries of public lands by an agent or attorney, be, and the same are hereby repealed. Provided further,. That this repeal shall not affect the disposal of lands under treaty stip ulations with Indian tribes, nor l»c deemed to impair any legal right* heretofore acquired under the laws hereby repealed, but all exist ing entries, settlements nr filings may be per fected under proper proof of the lawful and bona fide character of said claims und of clue compliance with tlu provisions und require ments of the laws under which the entries, settlements or filings were made. Now they have it, the people of Montrose county are kicking on uccoinit of their nj:w county. From whence is the revenue to come to carry on the government. —Buena VUtd Democrat. McGRANAHAN BROTHERS, —DEALERS IN— DRY GOODS KOTIOMM, lIATM AMD CAI»M, GENTS’ FURNISHING GOODS. Dent I.lue of lloolm nu«l Mhooti on the Rmmatlon. « FULL LINE OF STAPLE ANI) FANCY CROCKERIES, CALIFORNIA CANNED GOODS AND DRIED FRUITS, HARDWARE, CUTLERY, CARTRIDGES OF ALL KINDS, POWDER, LEAD, FUSE AND CAPS. FIRST CLASS GOODS AND LOWEST PRICES. DELTA COLORADO. POST OFFICE News & Book Store Gents’ Furnishing Goods, CIGARS AND TOBACCO, PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS, AUTOGRAPH ALBUMS, FANCY MOROCCO POCKKTROOKK, SILVER PURSES, FISHING RODS. LINKS, HOOKS AND FLIES. PENS, PENCILS AND WRITING MATERIALS, NOTIONS. AND A GEN* EIIA L A SS<) lIT \i 1: N T OF MI Si ELLA* NEOUS A IH’ICLES. n. V . FItKDEItICKM. - - • • - - Delta, Colorado. ~~ jTT barker, General BMsiilg and Wagon Ronairing —And dealer in— FARM IMPLEMENTS AND GENERAL SUPPLIES. Kansu* City price*, with freight addl'd from Pueblo. I»t'.I.TA. tOLOUtIN). t THE Delta Town Comp’y —iias— =2,soo= * LOTS FOR SALE IN DELTA. The GARDEN SPOT OF COLORADO, On the line of the Denver A Rio Grande rail road, Utah extension, at the junction of the Uncompahgrc and Gunnison rivers. / A PRE DESTINED RAILROAD CENTER! Three different railroads staked through a* ninny comer* of the town! Miduny I*• tween Denver uml Salt Lake. Irrigable Land as Extensive as Salt Lake! Unsurpassed a* a FARM AND FRUIT REGION. Climate unrivalled in Colorado. No Htiow or winter here. ALTITUDE, 1,800 FEET. Winter resort for the Mountain town*. Homo for the health-seeker. Mlhvrsl spring* nd Joining the town. Now in the time to invent. LOTS Allt: *2ft lIY 12ft ft:l:t. Business Lots, each $75 to $lOO Residence Lots, each $25 to $lOO ADDRESS, DELTA TOWN COMP’Y, DELTA, COL.