Newspaper Page Text
t3f"J ieu hatttrfend vUtttng you, or you
-rtr nAtnn ntntiti nit n ittff. nfVrtJte rlrrin 14 rl tlftM
MStfi. Miss Jennio Heflln is visiting relatives
XjVi --and friends at Qcrta, 0.
; ' E. H. Martin is in Chicago attending
' the Democratic Convention.
' Miss May Buferd of Covington is visit-
2) , Ing Miss Llllie Mny Themas.
:. Miss Lettie Perrine of Tucknhec ia the
h, guest of Mrs. E. P. Browning.
K&v Mr. and Mrs. Charles Ellis have re-
''.Murned irem a visit te Covington.
Wjfc i'' Demi,y Collector E. Rebert Blnine of
"i .'Lexington was in the city last nigut.
H ' . Miss Jullu Myall of Mayslick is the
: 'v, guuai 01 iiira. j. r. iuwiiuj; ui iuriiaiu.
IJs.Geergc W. Breadwcll of Irenton is in
,- the city en a visit te relatives ana menus.
'Miss MattleScudder is visiting rclntlvcs
& ; t;and attending the convention at Carlisle.
Sl" L irinn Unlit. Ul.nnUlln nf HTnnnn tn n.
Carlisle, visiting her sister, Mrs. W. L.
if Miss "Bobe" Nelln is in Carlisle,
responding a few days with Mrs. G. R.
Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Frecland left te-
day for a short Visit te Bethel, Bath
Hen. W. H. Wadsworth is in Frank-
p fort this week attending te C. and O.
Miss Gertrude Worthington of Masen
.'is the guest of her aunt, Mrs. G. R. Kel
ler of Carlisle.
Mrs. Jessie Merrow of Greenfield, O.,
Is the euest of Mr. and Mrs. Henrr Hub-
bard of West Third street.
Mrs. W. A. Slosser of Cincinnati has
returned home nftcr a visit te her
parents, 'Squire Miller and wife.
Elias B. Pearcc has returned from
Lewisburg, Va., where he attended the
Greenbrier Military Academy the past
C. N. Lewis, ex-State Senater, died in
Carter county Monday.
Sam Jokes will be the chief clown at
High Bridge Cainp-mceting this year.
Train Ne. 2 of the C. and O. is becoming
almost as unreliable as the old "jerk
The Canadian Pacific -Railroad is said
te be seeking terminal facilities in New
Rebert L. Hanker, aged 27, and Miss
Mary J. Posten, aged 18, were married
Mrs. Matilda Rowland, aged 84, was
thrown from her buggy at Lexington and
TJg'f-" seriously injured.
Hen. Geerge W. PniTcnARD, ex-Leg-
tnln.n n w .1 n nvntnlnnnl .tttnn a f
?-t , . .
i . nien hi uravsnn. nueii a.
, Sells Brethers' circus has arrived
?'-' from Australia and opened its summer
fifr '. campaign in San Francisce.
it j ...
0r Tm Ifi 9K flnn tn nmv lmll nr nther irmnna
en the rounds of the Carllsle Public:
,yn . i
:,. Graded Scheel during vacation.
. i m i
Mrs. Laura G. Cellins is putting a
r concrete sidewalk in front of her band
$ seme residence en Sutten street.
Bhelbv, Garrard, Madisen, Boylu and
("Spencer counties have Instructed for
l&jJaines B. McCreary for Congress,
' . A large farmheuse belonging te Jehn
Berry, about two miles from Sharpsburg,
'". was destroyed by Are. Less $8,000; no
rtK xtAVACHOL, me most notorious ei an
the Anarchists of France, is en trial in
ft Paris, charged, among many ether bloody
y ' deeds, with flve murders.
.p William Fsrrell was .crushed te
,. ' death in Louisville by the cars of the L.
." and N, Railroad en the 2d inst. and his ad
ministrater bes filed suit for 950,000
A reception will be given the school
children at the Art Lean Exhibition at
'tile Public Library this evenlng from
seven te nine e clock. Admission iu
-', Ur. J. B. Wrieht, a prominent dentist
:jef Princeton, died suddenly of heart
'.disease, He was preparing te operate
upon a patient, when he was stricken
V down and died without a struggle.
K,W. U. H, Scott has sued the city of
(Ludlow for 8200. He paid the meney for
;llcense, te run a lottery ofllce In the town.
-The Geebcl lottery law kuecked him out,
fnrjd new he wants his money back and
i lib ought te have it.
Rkmkmdkh, Tub Ledger prints "Uelp
OVantcd," "Lest." "Found," and similar
t T ... rri.. nn1 tt.lnn e unul.. I.
, th at the copy be sent in befere 0 o'clock
day of publication.
KENTUCKY WEATHER REPORT.
What We May Expect Uetween This Time
and Te-morrow Evening.
'TIU3 LEDGER'S WEATHER SIGNALS.
HTiite streamer rxiu; Blue rain or snew:
With Illaek AnevK 'twill wahmek grew.
It Dlaek'n dbneath colder 'twill be;
Unless Black' t shown no ohange we'll sec
VffThe above forecasts tire male for a
period of thirty-six hours, enilliur at 8 o'clock
HE AND SIIK.
He called her his dear little cloud,
And when she asked him why,
He said, because she carrled airs
And held herself se high.
"Yeu couldn't be a cloud," she said,
With angry little twist,
" Ilecause, no matter whero you were.
Yeu never would be mist.
New Yerk City has 157 millionaires.
Mrs. Sarah Haker died at Ripley,
The sale of new wheat has begun at
Thirty-five states new. have secret
-m ii i
William McMullen, a G. A. R. man,
is dead at bis home in Ashland.
William W. Osberne and Miss Sadie
Hatcher were married at Ashland.
The total school enrollment for the
United States last year was 14,200,000.
The pews for the new M. E. Church,
Seuth, arrived yesterday, and and
The new German church te be erected
at Lexington will be called Protestant
Werk has begun en the handsome new
cottage of Miss Anna Hunt en East Sec
Jehn Elisha Kincaid was fined $0 50
by Mayer Pearcc yesterday for commit
ting a breach of the peace.
Rev. Geerge P. Stureess of Chicago
and Miss Lizzie Rainey of Mt. Sterling
were married at the latter place yester
day. The Ashlanders will have a "Secial
Glass" at their new Opera-house Monday
night. Wonder why they don't stick te
ii i. m m
Captain Cen Phister's evening out
ings en the river arc a pronounced suc
cess. The ladies and the little ones enjoy
Quite a number from this city fire at
tending the meeting of the Kentucky
Christian Sunday-school Association, in
session at Carlisle.
Cincinnati nnd Douglas Divisions, U.
R. K. of P., participated in a Sunday
picnic, and as a result their charters will
probably be revoked.
Twelve members of the Christian
Church, Mt. Sterling, are ever 80 years
old. One of them Is Judge B. J. Peters,
well-known in this city.
Govhrner Brown appointed Dr. F. H.
Clark Superintendent of the Eastern Lu
natic Asylum, Lexington, te succeed him
self for a term of four years.
The engagement is announced of
Edwin Gould, ene of Jay Gould's sons, te
Miss Sarah Cantlne Shrady, daughter of
Dr. and Mrs. Geerge F. Shrady of New
On Tuesday the Fayette County Grand
Jury returned flfty-uine iudictments, the
majority of them being against promi
nent hersemen, who had net taken out a
i ., a
William Owen of 8helbyville re
ceived an order for the finest herse in
Kentucky frcau army officer in New
"Yerk. He get ene from B. D. Hinkle at
Lexington for 81,000.
In Mayer Chambers's court at Paris
one morning this week twenty-thrce
darkeys were flned $15 and costs each for
sheeting craps, ene 130 and another 950
for the same effensq, amounting in all te
CI 25 and costs.
In Danville. Bill Dryc, a negre, shot
Hiram Cowan, anether negre. Cowan
will die. The men wero fast friends "and
had been te Uustonvllle togethor. Jok
ing led te quarreling. Drye seems te have
pushed the trouble He escaped and la
still at large.
MAYSVILLE, KY., THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1892.
Rev. W. H. Childers of Augustawill
deliver the Fourth of July oration nt
1111 II. I I.I
In the Old Testament only one wo
man's age is recorded, that of Sara, Abra
"' mm !
The butchers of Augusta are cutting
prices, and the people who buy their
meat are enjoying it.
At Bowling Grcen, three young boys
probably four were drowned while bath
ing in Barren river.
It is stated that 40.000.000 of Queen
Victeria's subjects in Iiulia never knew
what it is te get enough te eat.
The tobacco bill of the Salem (N. J.,)
almshouse inmates last year was $G0,
while only $49 expended for beets and
m ..... m m i
One hundred and eighty-seven young
pbysicinns were graduated from the Ken
tucky Scheel of Medicine iu Louisville
Kansas has four cities in which the
vote of the women i larger than that of
the men. One entire set of ceuucilnien
Miss Nera, daughter of James L.
Manker formerly of this city, graduated
from the High Scheel at Peoria. Ill,,
with first honors.
.... i m m i M
The electric lights will have te be cut
off te-night when the street cars step, te
enable the men at the station te put in
some new machinery.
The Ripley Washboard Factory
shipped GOO dozen washboards te Balti
more Saturday last, besides a large ship
ment by river te Cincinnati.
Geerge L. Kirkpatrick, son of Mrs.
M. J. Earley of Red Oak, 0 was
drowned at Vandalia, 111. He was un
married and 38 years of age.
Colonel Sam White, the flghtiug
Colonel of the Sixteenth Kentucky, new
living in Missouri, is en a visit te his
brother Themas J. White at Ripley.
The Treasurer's report of the Cincin
nati Musical Festival Association for the
year showed the receipts were $57,171 64;
expenses $43,650 82; balance en hnnd $13,
515 32. The total attendance at the con
certs was 21,030.
.. i i
An Enterprising Newspaper Tears its Hair
Over a Mare's Nest.
Yesterday's se-called devoted nearly
half a column te e highly sensational ac
count of an Express and Railroad Agent's
"downfall" at Bradford, a few miles be
low Augusta en the C. and O.
This is news fresh from the musty
cellars of the past.
But yet It might be news if there was
anything whatever in it.
But that it isn't uews may be undec-
steed when it is known that the inferma
tien was printed in The Ledger en the
13th day of May just forty days age! Our
neighbor must have been following the
example of the Patriarchs who were in
the wilderness about that length of time.
The fact is that Themas P. Dudley,
who is charged with crookedness, didn't
get a cent, and further, that there hasn't
been the less of dollar either te the Ex
press or Railway Company.
Eliminated of these two factors, there
isn't much "news" left in the highly sen
An Unfortunate Hey.
Harris, son of Sheriff Alexander, met
with a scvere and painful accident yester
day afternoon. He was riding a herse
through Cherry alley te the river, at a
rapid gait. The animal was blind and
ran against a wall projecting in the alley,
crushing the little fellow's right feet.
Dr. Owens was called and found several
of the bones dislocated, and the feet
badly mashed and bruised. The damage
done is net considered serious, though it
causes Intense pain.
The young gentleman has been very
unfortunate lately, only last winter sus
taining an ugly fracture of the arm while
coasting en Fourth strect.
i i .i
A Wedillng utir Orangeburg.
Elder A. E. Zcigler of Maryland and
Miss Jennie Mayhugk were married yes
terday afternoon at half-past two o'clock
at the home of the bride near Orange
burg, Elder C. S. Lucas of this city effl
The groom has just completed his theo
logical education as a minister in the
Christian Church at the Seminary of that
denomination in Lexington. He has ro re ro
cently hnd charge a of church at Orange
burg. The bride Is a most excellent young
lady and is well-known In Maysvllle,
where she has spent much of her tlme,
having received her education at Hoys Heys Hoys
weed. A large clrcle of friends here
wish her a bright future,
A VERITABLE SOCIAL TRIUMPH.
Maysville Assembly at the Residence of
Colonel and Mrs. F. S. Owens.
The young men of the Maysville Assem
bly scored a veritable triumph last night
in the entertainment given by them In
honor of the young ladies who have re
cently returned home from school, and
the numerous fair guests who accompa
nied them. Fourteen visiting young
ladies from ether states were present and
their presence added greatly te the occa
sion. The function took place at the spacious
residence of Colonel Frank S. Owens, Ne.
120 West Frent streat, Mrs. Owens hav
ing kindly offered the young men of the
Assembly the use of the house. Frem
top te bottom the house shown with in
numerable gas lights that cast their soft
glow en the happy throng of belles and
beaux assembled. The entire first fleer,
halls nnd stairways were covered with
immaculate white canvas, the long
vista of rooms presenting a most enticing
sight te the eyes, and making a most de
sirable smoothness for the feet of the
Frem the time that the first sweet
strains of the harp.in the hands of the well
known artist, Rocce Ferre of Covington,
fell upon the cars until the tired and
happy dancers ceased in the late benis
of the night, waltz, scettisches, galep
and quickstep followed in rapid succes
sion. Mrs. Owens had bestowed much care
upon the decoration of the house which
in every nook aud corner showed some
artistic arrangement of flowers, plants
and ferns. Opening from the dancing
rooms en te the perches were arranged
rustic seats and chairs into many cozy
nooks, that were completely sheltered by
large foliage plants, giving the appear
ance of a true typical Southern conser
vatory, the soft lights from many Chinese
lanterns shining through the openings In
Midway the night delicious refresh
ments were served by Traxel and a score
of trained waiters. A large bowl of
lemonade steed in the front hall and was
served throughout the evening.
Mrs. Owens looked very handsome in
a dress of black henriettn cloth, trimmed
with white canton crepe, diamonds and
La Belle France roses. She was assisted
in receiving by Mrs. E. R. Blaine of Lex
ington, Miss Lyde Browning, Mrs. G. S.
Wall, Miss Lida Berry, Mrs. E. P. Brown
ing and Mrs. R. B. Owens.
A rather hastily prepared list of these
present and the costumes they wero fol fel fol
eows: Miss Hunter, Washington, black net,
Miss Leathers, Louisville, swiss with
Miss Leach, Chattanooga, black silk
gauze, geld garniture.
Miss Buferd, Covington, scarlet crepe.
Miss Renick, Chillicethc, white dotted
Miss Hawkins, Memphis, black silk
Miss Themas, blue silk with lace over
dress. Miss Hall, blue silk gauze.
Miss Sallic Burgess, white silk, ribbon
Miss Sadler, white mulle, ribbon garni
ture. Miss Darnall, dotted swiss, ribbon garn
iture. Miss Mattie Ferm an, blue cashmere,
Miss Owens, blue cropen, lace trim
mings. Miss Shackleford, white silk mulle.
Miss Jehnsen, white mulle, mar
guerites. Miss Higgcnbetham, white silk mulle.
Miss Robinson, cream China silk with
Miss Resa Pickett, whiteTmillc.
Miss Abbie Pickett, white mulle.
Miss Jennie Weed, white silk.
Miss Nannie Weed, white embroidered
Miss Barbour, cream brocade, silk
Miss Smoot, white crepe cloth.
Miss Pcrrine, cream brocade silk.
Miss Fannie Frazee, scarlet crepeu.
Miss Barkley. Foulard yellow silk.
Miss Lida Browning, black gronadine.
The gentlemen prcsent were;
C. O. McDougle, Harry McDeuglc, Dr.
P. G. Smoot, Leuis Smoot, F. Stauley
Watsen, Herace Cochran, Will Jenkins,
Perrine Jenkins, Harry B. Owens, J.
Clark Rogers, James Barbour, Jr., Ed
GeUel, Clarence Dobyns, Will Cole, W.
H. January, Enech Powell, Will Weed,
Harry Currau, Will Stockton, Roe Stock
ton, Harry Barkley, Andrew January,
Gus Wells, James Weed, Tem Darnall,
Asa Burgess, Mr. Winslow of West Su
perior, Wis.; Mr. and Mrs. U. Lloyd
Watsen, Mr. and Mrs. Rebert B. Owens,
Mr. and Mrs. James Fltzgerald, Mr. and
Mrs. E. P. Browning, Mr. and Mrs. Jehn
O. Everett, Mr. and Mrs. Frank A. Man
neb and Mrs. Judge G. S. Wall.
M. O. Dera has charge of Mr. Dickin Dickin
eon's gallery In his absence
Mrs. Eckman, formerly of Moercfleld,
has sccuied the principalship of the
In Leuisville William Kendall, aged
22, eloped with Daisy Blankenbaker,
aged 14, and they were married in Jcffcr-
. . i
A St. Leuis editor owns a copy of a
geography which was published in 1542.
One of the main plates is a mermaid with
a double tall.
The Transcript figures out Lexington's
bended debt at ?84,735 10 and floating
debt enough te bring up the total te
The city tax rate of Lexington has
been raised te ?1 50 en the $100. Seme
of the Maysville "kickers" ought, te go
up there for a few years.
Rev. J. M. Beland of Paris will take
charge of the Deerlng Camp-meeting this
year in place of Dr. Merris Evans, who
has moved out of the state.
Martin M. Layten and Eudera Lay Lay
ten of Menifee county were married in
Lexington at the residence of the Rev.
W. F. Bartlett. They first married some
three years age but had been separated.
The ladies of Scott Chapel will give a
Pink Tea at the Oddfellews Hall, colored,
en Friday and Saturday nights, June 24th
nnd 25th, for the benefit of the church.
Ledge Ne. 8 Knights of Friendship will
give a drill each evening.
The sod and grasses for the Kentucky
exhibit at the World's Fair are te be
taken from these localities in the state
famous in history as the home or birth
place of Lincoln, Clay, Governer Shelby,
Jeffersen Davis and ethers.
Jehn U. McDowell, President of the
Farmers' Alliance of Tcnnesse, has Joined
the Third party. Democrats want te
knew if he will resign his $ 0,000-a-year
efllce, of Nashville Ceal Oil Inspector,
which he holds under a Democratic ad
ministration. It is said te be unlikely that the Pekin
Government will take serious notice of
the Geary bill, although in the event of
further claims being made for damages
resulting from the injur' of American
Missionary property, China will net
hurry te make monetary reparation, as
. ! !
The Ledger will issue a special edi
tion early en the morning ej July 4th.
Advertisers will de well te take advan
tage of this issue, which will be large
and unique. Copy must be in hand net
later than neon of the 1st.
The probabilities arc that Rebert M.
Cartmcll of this city, new the genial as
sistant te Colonel W. C. Payne, will
seen be transferred te Ashland and given
the Adams Express Agency at that point.
If this pans out, the Ashlanders are te be
congratulated en securing an excellent
gentleman as a citizen.
A fellow named A. J. Martin has
been getting a geed deal of newspaper
notoriety in Newport nnd Covington by
representing that he was assaulted while
crossing the new bridge from Cincinnati
a few nights age. It new turns out that
he was full of Vine street whisky and
fell against the bridge irons, cutting his
The C. T. Masen fnrm in Christian
county is the largest in Western Ken
tucky. It consists of nearly 1,500 acres
of Seuth Christian land, worth $35 per
aero. The wheat crop new ready for the
blade consists of about 1,010 acres.
There are about 240 acres in corn and 140
in tobacco. Forty-three colored men
and boys are required te work the farm,
and there arc only two white men en the
The Fifth Division of Kentucky, S. of
V., met in Newport Tuesday in annual
encampment. The following elllcers
were elected for the year: William II.
Hetlin, Maysville, Colonel; J. Hazard
Davis, Newport, Lieutenant Colonel; W.
S. Drew, Covington, Majer; T. L. Reeves,
Covington, Delegate-at-Lurge; J. E.
Stcbblns, Newport, Division Council; W.
S. Drew, Altcrnate-at-Large; J. II. Davis,
Alternate. The next Division Encamp
ment will meet In Maysville the first
Wednesday in July, 1803.
Du. Heward Hendersen, new of
Cincinnati, en the forenoon of St. Jehn's
Day, June 24th, will address n Masonic
eclobratien assembly at Carlisle, partici
pated in by the Masens of Maysville,
Flemingsburg and Carlisle, and in the
afternoon, near Millersburg, an assembly
composed of the Masens of Paris, North
Mlddlotewn, Flat Jteck, Ruddles Mills
and Millersburg. Dr. Hendersen, who
has occupied high Masonic positions, and
has been Grand Master of Kentucky
Oddfellews, will be attended by several
prominent Cincinnati Knights Templars,
The Docter was born at Paris and brought
up at Mlllcrsburg.
Senater Hals had a talk with ex-'
Secretary Blane recently. The Senater
has. told some of his frfends that Mr.
Blaine said that he had no thought of '
going te the Senate He assured Mr.
Hale that he had no idea of taking any
place in public life.
The United States Court at Frankfort
will try the case of Fester vs. Wilsen
involving the title fe fifty thousand acres
of land near Pineville, worth a million ,
dollars. The state of Kentucky new
comes in and claims it en the ground
that these parties are net the owners and
that the heirs of the original patentee are
I I l ..- I..M
Jee Nichols, says The Ashland Signal,
"is billing Kcneva for the merchants'
picnic." If he is only billing the houses
he ought te get dene in half an hour, but
if be undertakes te bill the stakes that
mark " choice corner lets," he had better
hire a team and six assistants, or he
won't get through in time te go the
Grant Wright, who was drowned at
Cassville, W. Va., Friday night while
swimming, is the ene who hired a thirteen-year-old
brother te sheet another
brother while sleeping. The boy is in
Jail at Pikevilie, where the crime was
committed. An unknown man is arrested
and nccused of drowning Wright. A
girl is said te be the cause.
Geerge W. Geltmaker, a Leuisville
butcher, was stepped by three masked
men en the Green Valley read, net far
from New Albany, and robbed of $5,500.
He had gene ever there te buy a farm,
taking the money along te make the pay
ment. He can give no clew te the rob
bers. If there's anything in a name, the
less oughtn't worry him very much.
i ii 1 1
Eugene J. Barney of Dayton has
given en endowment of $40,000 te Deni-
son University, Granville, O. He is a
member of the Beard Trustees of the
Institution. Dr. W. H. Deano, of Cin
cinnati gave an endowment of $25,000.
The first named sum is te be devoted te
the establishment of a "Science Hall,"
and the latter te an academy building.
ii -i -I., i i
The corner upon which the recently
erected Chicago Inter Ocean building
stands, has been sold for $250 a square
feet. The let is only 20X40 feet, but
it has brought $200,000. At this rate an
acre of land In that neighborhood would
cost nearly 811,000,000. The handsome
building is net included in the sale. The
let Is leased by the Inter Ocean Company
for ninety-nine years.
A. W. Blair of Nicholas, notice of
whose death Tuesday night was printed
exclusively in Tub Ledger yesterday,
was 74 years of age. He was well as
usual at supper time, retired at 8, and at
11:30 was dead from heart disease. A
widow and four children survive, all the
latter grown and married but one. His
funeral will take place at 10 o'clock this
morning, interment in the Carlisle Ceme
tery. . .
Last year a Mr. Ludlow, General
Agent for the Providence Savings, Life
and Assurance Company, represented te
the citizens of Middlesboreugh that if
the company could get $1,000,000 worth
of insurance in that place, it would erect
a 850,000 building. The insurance was
pledged, and F. A. Westen, a Lexington
architect, was employed te draw the
plans for the proposed building. The
building has failed te materialize, and
the company has neglected te settle with
Mr. Westen, se he has brought suit for
Miss Belle Geldamar, daughter of
the late Rev. Dr. J. Geldamar, a distin
guished Jewish Rabbi of Cincinnati, was
married a few days age te Dr. Lewis L.
Yonker, n Gentile of Bowling Green, O.
It will be remembered that, some years
age, a daughter of Rabbi Wise of Cincin
nati married a Gentile who was net noted
for his piety. Sorae of the geed Rabbi's
friends expressed te him their regrets that
his daughter should have married eutsid
the faith, when Dr. Wise, who is a neble
specimen of manhood and geed sense,
philosophically replied: "It is net se much
a matter of regret with me that my
son-in-law is n. Christian as it is that he
It net & Christian."
OUR WEEKLY CROP BULLETIN.
Condition of the Small Creps Throughout
Kentucky Up te Yesterday.
The general state of crops was im
proved with the weather conditions of the
past week. The amount of sunshine and
tcmpcratuie was in excess of the normal
In all parts of the state, while the rainfall,
coming i.s it did in the form of local thun
der storms, was se unevenly distributed
that it is difficult te generalize as te its
effects. It would appear from reports,
however, that the Eastern nnd Central
counties were net as a rule se favored in
the amount of rainfall as ether parts of
The wheat harvest has commenced,
and barring seme slight injury from rust,
the crop premises te be the finest in
Cern is backward but is improving and
its main need in most parts of the state Is
Tobacco is nearly all set, but the pre
gress of the plants is retarded from lack
of sufficient rain.
Oats and barley premise te be fair
crops, and the yield of hay is very large.
Late fruits are falllne from the trM
badly, and this will probably have, the '',,
feet of shortening the crops