ROSS & ROSSER, Publishers.
MAYSVILLE, KY., THURSDAY, AUGUST 14, 1862.
VOLUME 1 NUMBER 9
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ROSS Sc I O S S E IS ,
Editors and Proprietors.
Grammer in Rhyme.
It n seldom that one sees ho much valuable
matter as the following lines contain, comprised
in so brief a ipaee:
1. Three little words yon often sec,
Are Articles a, an, and th'.
A Noun's the name of anything.
As ich',l or garden, hiop or tning.
Adjectives tell tho kind of Xoan.
As great, f mall, pretty, white, or br-ncn.
In-tn.l of Noun? the Pronouns stand
Ifer lieinl. his fnQa.y-ur arm, my liiind.
Verbs tell ot something t o done
To rtad, count, ting, lavgh.jumn, or run.
6. How thins pre lon tim A-lverbs tell,
As t'o'ilt. quicVly, til, or well.
7. Conjunction join the word together
As m-n and women, wind or weuthcr.
8. The proposition -titti'l heforu
A Noun, a it or through a door.
9. The I merieetion shows surprise.
As th! ho-v pretty ah how wise.
The whole are called" Nine Parts of Speech,
Which reading, writing, speaking teach.
KTA return volunteer thinks, with respect
to actual service, that '
"Thiskind o' soperin' ain't a mite like our Octo- j
ber train in',
Where a chap could clear right out ef it only !
Where Cnnnles used to kivcr up their shappocs j
And send the 1 nsi nes skootin' off to the bar-room j
with their banners. j
(Fear o gitt:n on 'em spotted,) and a feller could
Ef he fired away his ram-rod, arter too much
Jenny is poor and I am poor.
Yet we will wed and say no more;
And should the bairns vu mention come,
As few that marry but have some.
No do-ibt but heaven will stand our friend,
And bread as well as children send.
Ho fares the hen in a farmer's yard;
To live alone phe finds it hunt;
I've known her weary every claw
f In enrcb of cotton 'monestthc straw.
I l$nt wlien in search of nicer fooH,
She clucks nmid her chirping brood.
With joy I've seen this self-same hen
That scratched for one could scratch for t?n
Those are the thoughts that make me willin3
To Bke my girl without a shilling:
And for the self-same cause, d'ye tee,
Jenny's resolved to marry me.
disjoined cpicrams, battered witticisms, and such
intellectual (!) squibs that float hither nrt'l
thither on all the currents of literature, levelled (
at matrimony, or rather the feminine side of the ;
conjngal relationship? Are they bachelors, eat j
ing the sourest of sour grapes? Who, for in- ;
.t.nM m-tl.! tm vn flMihemtcl v invented, con-I
ptrncte'd, penned and made public the following
rather amusing, but insidious verses?
PRESENT VS. rCICIiE.
Three "tMaXV after Marriage. (Scoar.)
My dearest, are yon goiug out?
Indeed, 'tis very coM,
Let me. sweet love, around your neck
This handkerchief enfold;
Yon know how anxions for vour health,
My own d-jar George, am I,
One loving kiss before we part
Good bye, sweet chuck good byo.
2hrellijeari' after Marriage. ( Aloes.)
You're going cut why don't yon go?
I cannot help the rain.
Yon wouldn't grieve me miuhtily,
To ne'er come back again!
Umbrella! don't know where it is;
What you'll want next, 1 wonder?
Don't pester me about your cold;
Goodness, gracious! go to thunder!
Or-We are indebted to a contemporary
for the subjoined extracts from llalleck's
work on International Laws:
TABTISAS OB OUEBKILLA WARFARE
Tbe taking of property, by guerillas or
partisan forces, in offensive hostilities, is not
a legitimate act, authorized by the law of
Dations. but a robbery. So, also, the killing
of an enemy bv such forces, except in self
defrnce, is not ao act of war. but a murder.
The perpetrators of such acts, under Fuct
circumstances, are notenemies, legitimately,
in anns, who can plead the laws of war in
their justification, but they are robbers and
murderers, and as such can be punished.
The:r acts are unlawful; and, when cap
tured, they are not treated as prisoners of
war, but as criminals, subject to the pun
ishment due to their crimes. Hence, in
modern warfare, partisans and guerrilla
bands are regarded as outlaws, and, when
captured, may ba punished the same as free
booters and banoitti.
An old, ragged, red -faced, forlorn-looking
woman accosted us with, 'Plaise, Sur, for
the luv of Heaven, give me a fip to buy
bread with; I nm a poor, loue woman, and
have twins to support.'
Why, my good woman,' we replied, you
seem to be too old to have twiDS of jour
They're not mine, Sur,' she replied, 'I'm
only raisin' 'em.'
'How old are your twins?'
'One of 'em is seven weeks ould and
t'other is eight months.'
Goon, with the Hot Work befobe cs.
A General Draft all round.
'Jury,' said a Western judge, you kiu go
out and find a verdict. If you can't find
one of your own, get the one the last jury
used.' They returned a verdict of suicide
t d the ciDth degree.
From Governor Medarj ' Crisis, Columbus, Ohio.
Old Federstlisui in 31asachusptts -The
Trial o! the Gordons for Treason
Speech of Mr. Sen noil!
As matter of history of the times through
which wo have passed and ore passing, we
lay before our'readera the speech of Mr
&ENNOTT, the attorney for the Qokdons. who
J " " m w w v r Ul J
were seized and tried by a self-constituted
committee of Jlublicans, with a Deacon at
.u :v..i . . .. .
eniiiai never lorgoi mat meso
Yankees commenced their career by burn-
ing witches and hanging Qialers. We mint
never forget that the celebrated Blue Laws
originated in that land of pie'v and Sharp's
rifles, as well as Pine Lights and Hartford
Conventions. With these remembrances in
view we can the better appreciate the ttiil
anl conviction ol the Uonnoxs, for treason, by
a self-coustituled court with a Deao-jn for
T o , ,
Air. oexnott is the lawyer who volun-
teered bis services to defend old John Brown
after the Harper's Ferry rai l, and who so
ably acquitted himself on that occasion,
though not of that crazy old man's politics.
Mr. Sennott has got tho hang of New
England puritanic hypocrisy and deceit very
well; and moro he has tho nerve to beard
the haggard lion in his den, a thing greatly
lacking by many who know and bjlievo as
he does. The picture drawn of Yank.: so
ciety is worthy of a Hogarth, and should
open the eyes of hose at home- as well as
those abroad. These devils inc irn i'e h ive
spread all over the lind, as well as in "New
Orleans and Sin Francisco," cirring with
them all the fteted breath of their e lu ;U'nn
and evil natures, without tlu orgi'sized so
ciety of equally guilty Deicons to watch,
control and counteract their devilish nit urea .
Wherever these hyenas fasten tham'elves,
even in the remote villages of tho frontier,
they begin hatching their brood of malig
nants, iu church and out of it in schools
and seminaries, in every place of conGding
resort, in families an 1 neighborhoods, until
they distort virtue, bewilder piety, and turn
the course of events into tho channel that
leads to thfir cesspool of disorder, violence,
thefts, robberies, divorces and chain gangs.
When all the crises are collected together,
of tho doings of these wild, hair-brained
fanatics of 18G0 and '01, it will make as ex
traordinary a book, and of much larger size,
than that of Cotton Mather, which leaves
the frightful record of tho witch burners.
It i3 a fact worthy of note, that this species
of praying fanatics, in all ages of tho world,
and under all circumstances, have acted so
nearly alike, wheu in authority, tho history
of one generation of them is very nearlv th
alike, when in authority, that tho history of
ono generation of them is very nearly the
history of all.
The speech of Mr. Sexnott answers for
itself; but wo believe it will ba generally
reckoned his most miiterly effort, and we
predict for it acirculation through tho coun
try which few speeches obtain.
Mr. SENXOTThas notonly vindicated "free
speech" by practicing it himself, bntsocured
tho acquittal of his clients ami 1st the ap
plauses of a Boston audience. After this it
is scarcely worth while to attempt to enforce
upon Western people, through the labors of
these "abolition sn&ilii" a despotism moro
galling and degrading than ever even a half
civilized people were compelled to bow to.
This cry of "raise the fl ig or hang,?'
was the invention of a set of tnse cowards,
and traitors to every constitutional right
to every honorable or manly instinct:
Examination of llic tendons lor Trea
son, before ICIiiis .11 rrw i n, .! r.. Com
niisioner Sppech of Jlr. Sen not for
for thff Ief'iico.
Tl. II. Dana, Jr., tho District Attorney, ap
peared and said in substance that there was
no statute of tho Uni'ed States under which
the Gordons could be held merely for ex-
-j-in j r. f V. wf 1 1 J f fn tlio (r it'pro rv ri f r r
L. !.!!; fmm ti,. stontb !
that such things were not actually treason,
there being no oyert acts proved; that the
line must be drawn somewhere, and that al-
thou-h tho conduct of the Gordons was '
pretty close up to it, he must enter a nolle
vros'aui in the ca-e j
., , ' ,. , . ,. , I
II. M. Parker, Esq., replied that after what
had been said by the Attorney, it was h is !
duty to protest against any uisposi uou oi me
casp, except by a hearing and determination
bv the Magistrate. He said that no one of
the five Gordors had been guilty eveu of
improper talk, except Henry, the youngest.
He warned those self-constituted Committees
that the community would not tolerate such
interference as they had been guilty of. He
thought the counsel for thsdefen Jants ought
to have an opportunity to vindicate the '
character of these men. He had not him - j flicte witl a ferocity, an 1 endured with a
felf preferred to arguo this case, having from j mee.ne.3 uneximu"ed iu the annals of
the beginning left that' to tho juuior counsel, j cujgeiiin He UljW changes his opinion,
Mr. Sennott. i or at least his language. With that felicity
Mr. Dana said an argument in the case of allusion, w hich belongs atuong the pub
after the Government hal abandoned it j lie writers of America, to bim aud to
would be useless, but if anything could be Governor Andrew alone, he advises his
said in vindication of the Gordons, it would . friends to put their "heels"' upon those who
be quite fair to allow it. differ from there, and who dare to speak out.
Mr. Sennott was oblised to the District i The advice is given in a letter to the late
tnrnAv for that. II sib! that after what!
tb8 GordoBS had suffered, it would ba noad-
vantao-e for them to argue their case. What
they wanted their counsel to do was to vin-
dicate their character, aLd expose the mean-
r,f their nrosecutors. This he proposed
A Ha l.pn addressed the Commis-
sioner as follows:
Charles P. Gordon is sixty years of age.
He has four sons. They are all natives of
NewEngland, and are sil versmUhs by trade.
They reside in the suburbs, and do business
here, in the building of Deacou Palmer in
Washington street. They are men of re
spectable standing, and as to their political
sentiments they voted the Douglas ticket.
Those are the parties prosecuted.
Mr. Peter llobart, dr., is a house-builder
' -" "
and a deacon of Park street church. Mr.
II'IU O iw I
M ayes in Su
' 11M,,1,'1 an,d '
Superintendent of the Tremont
was a mamber of the church of
nr. ti, i, . : , .,.
.ti. i.Avctiiuv.ii. mi. i iiiouri n mi ni iniiiiit-
jancoand associate of theirs. Mr. Palmer is
i another deacon, in whose building a com.
i nmteo met to try the loyalty of the suspect- i
' eJ lc!f,i"n Mr William Washburn is an I
o ri' 1. 1 r nof tr.rm or 1 w a rv n in nr ri Mia 1 Ii r
Council. These persons are of Republican j
politics, and are the rtal prosecutors.
Mr- Thrasher complained to Mr. llobart j
that the Uor ions were uisatiected people
who sympathized with tho South. Mr. IIo-
hart acting on that information, wrote them
a letter, which, with its answer from tho !
'"T'lo'is, ;s in the case. 1 lie next day, bv j
the invitation of Deacon Palmer, the above !
, . , L , ,
I nam eJ persons met bv concert in hisbasn-
rnent with a number of others, elected Dea- :
con Palmer chairman of tho meeting, and i
called Hie Gordons before, thr-m. The eldest !
son, being asked by Mr. llobart, the letter '
writer, if ho would satisfy them of his loyal- '
,vi l-'.v putting out a flig. replied in an out-
b i r-t of p ission that ho would not ba coerced, '
especially by men who wera his enemies.
Mr. Washburn having attempted to inter-j
fore was interrupted by Gordon to whom for
some reason or other, Mr. Washburn is pe
culiarly olFonsivu and was informed thrt
from huii nothing could be heard. From
th's violent s"cne the son was drawn away
by his father, and the strange committee dis- i
soivel and disappeared through Deacon!
Palmer's back door. The Assistant Dis
trict Attorney was then informs! that the
Gordons iiad given aid and co.nfort to the '
enemy. This information he s lys upon his i
oath that lie believes. In consequence thev !
were arrested. Their whole 1 ilo and con-!
veisat:on lor ayear, has been sifted and pried '
into. Their friends and neighbors h ive been !
summoned to testify about them, and on the
testimony so obtained wo arc to hold them,
if it oilers proh ibit: cause. Xuw, does ii? !
And here, how simple and how easy is ;
tho task of the mr lawyer of tho tasre ,
commissioner! Put if I regarded tucli a caso '
as this is, or if you did, with tho eyes of a '
mere lawyer, I should despise myself, and, j
sir, I would bs astonished at you. What
would be tho use, sir, of a liberal education '
outsiio of our profession, as well as of a;
severe training within it what tho benefit
of active exertion in the political affairs of
our country, beginning for each of us long'
before ha could vote what the value of the
continued exercise of every manly and more
tli in kingly prerogative which dignifi-'s our
existence as citizens of this Imperial Il-.?pub- !
lie if wo should merely peep through the'
pin holes of evidence at a case which in
volves in its principles the Lxisektv of usal!!
I shall t ike leave, sir, not to do so. And
while I shall take cara not to present an ua -
lawyer like view, or to sav anything at all !
inconsistent wi.b -yis ortno;
charge; while I shall even use the testimony '
faithfully, as tho stimulus of rejection and
the occasion of argument, I shall leave the!
law part whsre it should ha left, in this stage
of tho case to wit, in a subordinate relation
and spoak of it briefly aud iu tho conclu
sion of the matter. j
Viewing the testimony, then, does it show '
any offence committed except by the con
spirators the spies tho informers tho cel
lar inquisition, who have borne false witness ;
against their neighbor to destroy him? Sup- j
pose them to have acted against their nature :
and to have told the truth undcroa'h. Then
the Gordons, in various ways, have found
fault with the Government. That is the es
sence, tho spirit, and even tiia soopo of the ,
testimony. Is that treason? Is it treason
here? This was the homo of frea speech '.
and all the colors of Republicanism , from :
black to biliious, declared thatspoech should ;
be free. Tho chief reason why I want to .
carrv fire and sword into the South is be- i
cause they refused me my right of free
speech, given to me by that Almighty God j
who was please! to create me a freo man.
A right tho creator and preserver of all ny !
other rights. A right so much mora im-
portant than the Constitution, that ths Con- j
stitution was invented merely to assert and i
sectiro it, and is not worth the paper it
blackens, unless it does assert it and secure '
it. I despiso tlio southern temper of mind !
which allows them to part with that right for j
themselves, and I mean to do my utmost to j
destroy forever the power ot any
breeder to hinder its exercise 6y me
dec are before God that as I understand
rht 1 ,'U? imyro lhllJ1 1 J".ray 1,fe.l
And I call this whole country to witness, if
J"1"8 ot before now proved tho sincerity
of this declaration by my actions! And tne
right I vindicated, at the hazard of mv life,
, "t. cm,ti,,n .rtt T will ,-,! a-
for ,he Blkfl of m i'sines,, to a Yankee
sneak. Xeither shall the Gordons. Their
case is ours. Wo are tried with them. And
in defending them, we defend ourselves and
our country from a gang compared with
whom, Col. Ledbetter is humane, and Gen.
Floyd re.-pecta'ole. Mr. Samner was onco
the advocate of free speech. He claimed to
be almost ono of its martyrs. And in de
fence of it, or in consequence of it, ho cer-
l:.:i.. ciefim f n ,1U-inlli' :inh in
war meeting at Jer lors. Is this prosecu-
tion an experiment mado upon poor roe-
chanics, by a few small conspirators, in pur-
suance of an agreement between the princ!-
pal Thugs at Washington, in oruer, l. it
works woll, to sacrifice more important vic-
i tims to the Abolition Kalee? I do not know
I know that the gentlemen of the Repub
lican party do not countenance it, aud that
it will fail here, because , to reach their polit
ical opponents, they must cut down their
political and personal friends. If free speech
is treason here, our excellent Governor
would speedily be known as the unlamented
John A. Andrew, for bis speech is exceed
ingly free and easy quite loose.as you may
say. Then, what would become of Mr.
Phillips? Does he speak in favor of the
Government? Has he eversaid anything in
favor of any Government, except that of
Hayti? Did ho not lately advise a large
anil patriotic assembly notto give a man or
a dollar to tho Government of the United
States? And did not that patriotic society
applaud that liberal suggestion? Shall we
prosecute Mr. Phillips therefore? Not with
my good will. Not without mv active re
sistance. I should violate the Tery first
principle of Democracy, which is greater to
mo than anything but the word of God him
self, if I did not tight for Mr. Phillips' right
to t ill: treason to any fool who wants to bear
him. In a letter, the Governor refuses to
supply troops to tho President. Do wo
prosecute him? Xo, but a tempest of deri
sion breaks over what he calls his head,
frm every part of the United States, and
even from England. To that, we can safely
When the regiment of tho late Colonel
Cass went off, wkhout an escort even ol the
Second Battalion, it was not actually hi-sod
in State street, os was the Massachusetts
regiment on its return from Mexico, but the
agreeable remark was mado and heard, that
the depirturo of the Irish would ba a great
r.-lidf ,to ,our poor" houses and jails! The
Governor or his friends may say so about
Col. Cass's countrymen the Irish without
committing treason , or even giving offence.
We are not accused of talking so badly, even
about Mr. Andrew's cour.tr-men the ne
groes yet aro we prosecuted! In South
Carolina, where speech was never free, they
settled its limits before Judga Lynch. Let
us t.ot dest-cralo this Court with what be
longs to him, or we will sink below the level
even of South Carolina.
Much has been said as to finding fault
with the Government, as if there was some
peculiar sanctity in it.
Have wo arrive 1 at such a state that no
one must find fault with any action or omis
sion of tho Government or any member of
it, without having treason imputed to him?
Can not you, sir? Can not I? I, for exam
ple, have the misfortune to think, that Mr.
Seward, our present Secretary of State, is
not fit, as a Statesman, to index the paper
of the late Silas Wright. However little he
may bo affected by my thoughts, I do think,
his want of sense sober sense has made
him the laughing stock of Europe! I think
that he is a small ward and country politi-
oinn. who writes like a snnhnmorn and acts!
liko a stockjobber. Eyery time he speaks
about what will happen iu sixty days, in
r.inefy d't't! he puts me in mind of a curb
stone broker, chattering over tho approach
ing maturity of a dubious note! I think
such men have been advanced to important
places iu this country about as often as they
will !?, and can not help rejoicing to think
that Mr. Seward will probably be the last of
the Ii'iht.tit'uiK m -'j' .' - 11 --
Mr. Phillips taken out a patent for the ap
plication of first-rate abuse to second-rate
men? And must I ba tried for treason if I
ever so unsuccessfully attempt to infringe
it? Again, I do not worship Mr. Sumner.
I cannot admire a person who is so simple
as to think it a finer thing to pretend to bo
a fanatic, than to bo a dull but honest man.
There is a tine old German story called
"Tho Adventures of Reynard, the Fox," in
tho illustrations of which, animals of differ
ent countries aie represented in tho attitudes
and with the expressions of men. The illus
trations are very good, and from the well
known fact that men often resemble certain
animals in a most curious and unaccountable
manner, their effect is highly amusing. It
is particularly so, if you happen by any
chance to be reminded by them of any par
ticular person. Now, must I suffer death if
I say that I never look at those pictures
without thinking Mr. Seward and of Mr.
Siimr.er? And that Ineverhear tho names
of Mr. Seward or of Mr. Sumner without
thiuking of tho picture of the Fox and of
the picture of the Gander?
And what if I am frank enough to say
that I am sick of the swaggering imbecility
with which the Government have managed
this war of life and death? Is that treason
able? SnaU my Government that is to say,
my servant, my creature waste my money,
an i even let it ba stolen, and stop my paper,
and interrupt my business, and violate my
Constitution, and starve and kill my soldiers
out of pure neglect, and gain only disaster
aud defeat for me by all this folly? And
shall I say nothing? If I am to put up with
this, and more, and say nothing, or else be
shut up by order of W. II. Seward, I want
to know, seriously and calmly, what shall I
fight Jeff. Davis for? What worse can he
do to me than Seward or Stanton have done
already? What, indeed when their want
of sense and want of energy have made him
everything that he is! Lost money may be
regained, lost armies may be replaced out of
our swarms of men; but who s'lal! give us
hick the time we have "fooled away" before
the dirt heaps of Manassas? Expose a cup
of clear water to the frost. Observe it, and
eveu when the cold begins to fill its trans
plant substonce with beautiful specula of
ice, if you agitata the m iss it will not im
mediately freeze. But give it in that con
dition a very short perio 1 of rest and it be
comes a rock, hard iy yielding to the energies
of gunpowder ar.d fire! So have we found
tnrt South. They were onco undecided.
Tiujrt and the stupidity of the Government
hiva consolidated a hesitating into a hostile
people. Yet Mr. Gordon is a traitor if he
calls a fool a fool.
No, sir freedom of speech is not quite
gone. It "still lives" in Bostou. This mean
prosecution is not to affect it. The respect
able members of the Republican party think,
and say plainly what they think about it.
Those that I happen to know of them are
gentlemen. They did not agree with me in
politics, when politics existed, but they agree
with me now in despising that pretty perse
cution of laborers and mechanics for their
opinions, which was tho reproach of the old
Whig party, and which was one of the
causes of its fall as great and respectable as
that party was. They say with perfect truth
that the whole moral effect of our unanimity
depends upon its notorious freedom from
constraint, and that it would notonly be lost
to us, but would bo used against us with
tremendous power, if it could ba shown for
one moment to bo produced by fear or by
force. And I agree with them most fully.
If wo cannot hold our own against one or two
secessionists in a whole State here without
force, what are we to do with the armies of
If the leading Republicans, however,
abandon their own principles to take ven
sreanco for opinion's sake, I can tell you that
they will not leave so great a matter in tho
hands of any such persons as the prosecutors
in this case. They will not condescend to
shrink from the Court of Judge Lynch, to
whom the jurisdiction of such cases proper
ly belong, to whine over us in the cellar of
Deacon Palmer. They will cot attempt to
watch us in entry way3, liko Mr. Phineas
Stone or advertise 113 in Sunday papers, as
were the Gordons. Now, if wo happen to
be so situated, will they sneak around to
master builders or other employers, and
threaten them with loss of business if we
aro not dismissed, as is tho highlenod and
magnanimous practice of Mr. William Wash
bum. This party business never sprung
from them. They aro a great party, and I
believe au honest ono. They are not to bo
measured with tho measuio of Mr. Sumner,
or of Peter llobart. If they utter sneers in
their temper, they empty their pocket in
their generosity to heal tho sick and feed
the widow and the orphan. And whey they
do that, sir, they never ask what party the
husband or the father belonged to. No, sir!
Tho bulk of the Republicans lovo their
country and help their countrymen. They
leave the mean business of 6py and inform
er, of alarmist and corruptiouist to renegade
Democrats of tho Washburn kind, who
abandon their party without serving their
country. They leave that to them and the
remnants of the meddling disposition, which
has been the torment and reproach of Mas
sachusetts, and tho sorrow of its most Christ
ian characters, whether they rejoiced in or
mourned over its churches.
The man who attends to every other
man's affairs, whether his oTVn are attended
to or not, is almost exclusively aMasssachu
setts nuisance. To Massachusetts society
meddling is, indeed, a scourge so great, that
it may be doubted whether it does not fully
counterbalance every comfort and blessing
concentrated in this favored country.
Puritanism, which exalted the manly Eng
gliih spirit to fanaticism on the one hand,
degraded it on tho other hand to espionage.
Its churches were mutual assurance socie
ties for the morality of their members. Its
doctriues are forgotten. But the evil which
the Puritans unconsciously did, lives after
them, and churches which detest their me
mory and deny their teachings, are managed
on their principles. New England to-day
is covered with societies, in which the best
of men and women conscientiously, but re
luctantly, and tho worst of men and women,
eagerly with a devilish delight, perform the
part of spies and informers upon each other,
xo say tnac sucn a giauu'u ayatam of mu
tual espionage does not tend todegrade char
acter, is simply to say that eaves-dropping
and tale-bearing are not low and mean oc
cupations. Under its influence, nothing is
known of a man's real character or disposi
tion. Habitual watchfulness upon the one
side awakens habitual hypocrisy on the
other. And it is only when the little saint
of Boston expands into the gigantic villian
of New Orleans or San Francisco, that you
can toll how vast a benefit you derived from
his emigration. The wickedness looked
little here, because wo saw but little of it.
The enormous pressure of universal listen
ing and peeping had driven it deep into the
innermost fibres of our society. So pressed,
it produces Smelling Committees it elects
Hiss Legislatures; it brings such men as Doa-
con raimer to associate, out or tear, witn
men liko Mr. Washburn, whom they receive
into their cellars, and dismiss through back
doors. Nobody will deny tho fast of its ap
plication here, who is not prepared to deny
the existence of the Rev. Mr. Kallocb, or
his church member, Mr. Hayes, who peeped
after him, and black -mailed him and then
exposed him. It is Mr. Hayes turn to-day.
It may be Mr. Kalloch's turn to-morrow.
It is Mr. Washburn's now. It may be tho
Gordons' turn by and by. But bo the turn
whose it may, the system of a barbarous age
and peopleappliod to tho control of civilized
mankind awakens the fiercest resentment.
Men have put up with the savagest task
masters. They have endured the bloodiest
tyrants without resistance for many years.
They have submitted to the Kings of Prus
sia to the Czars to the House of Austria
and even to the Turks. But a government
of Meddling philanthropists they cannot bear.
It resembles the governmentof vermin more
than any human despotism. Individually
vile aud odious, butquite insignificant, when
collected, they aro all-pervading, all-devouring,
appalling, loathsome, to every
sense, and intolerable to tho strongest body
and the firmest mind! Thus the govern
ment of the Robespierres, the Marats, the
Washburns, the IlDbarts and the Hye3, is
the oppression which maketh the wise man
mad! It mado the Gordons mad when it
was first applied to them, and what they ut
tered under its influence was temper uot
- r .i . .
treason, let was tnere sense as well as
temper if they preferred Jeff . Davis to an
abolition government. As I understand an
abolition government, a man might endure it.
A man might endure the governmentof Mr.
Phillips, for be is a gentleman or of Mr.
Garrison, for whatever may have been
thought of his sauity, his integrity was never
questioued; but the abolition government
which they understood was the Inquisitorial
the cetlar the sink and cess-pool com
mittee which stood before them ordering
them to put out a flag and I think there is
no man of spirit with that in his mind who
would uot prefer the wolfishcess of a Davis
to the pedicnlousness of a Washburn!
The Gordons have done no wrong. They
do not hate their native country, though they
cannot like its imbecile Government. A
Government which has everything given to
it bv a generous people, and which does
Tjothicg but waste time, make pro.damatiaTJS'
and feed contractors, cannot be liked or
trusted until it alters its course. It must
continue suspected and unpopular, if it is,
with every advantage and opportunity, un
able to secure peace or to make war! These
sentiments I understand them to express.
They havo a right, moral as well as legal, to
express such sentiments. ThoyjouglU to ex
press them; and woo to the fanatic who
shall meddle with them, or with any one
else in this way hereafterl
OPINION OF C0JIMI89I0NEB.
The complainant in this cose charges the
defendants with "giving aid and comfort to
the enemies of the United States," an in
rirmoi mnda of dflscribinff the offense of "oi-
herino to Vie enemies of the United States,
giving them aid ana comiori." in oiner
words, tho accusation against the defendants
is troason for under the Constitution and
laws of the United States treason consists in
"levying war against the United States, or
in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid
and comfort." And the punishment of this
offense is death.
To constitute this offense, some overt act,
cither in levying war or giving aid and com
fort to the enemy, must be proved. It is
woll settled that no words, or Intentions
even, however hostile or disloyal they may
be, are sufficient, if they have not ripened
The laws of the United States have thus
far failed to make opinions, sympathies or
intentions, or the expression of these, how
over disloyal, base or hostile to the existing
Government, and offense cognizable by the
Courts. Such conduct is lefc for its punish
ment to tho just and indignant judgment of
mankind. .... .v i
Our sole duty here is to admimstor the law
as we find it.
In reference to tb9 two younger Gordons,
it is but just to state that so far as I can per
ceive, no testimony whatever has been in
troduced affecting them; and the testimony,
so far as it relates to Mr. Gordon, sen, is
mainly to the effect that he received lotters
from a customer in Baltimore giving him
rebel accounts of the movements of the ar
mies sooner than they were published in tha
papers here. . . ,
In reference to the remaining defendants,
George and Henry Gordon, 'although tha
testimony is much more full as to their ex
pressions of sympathy with the rebellion,
yet I fully conmr with the views stated so
fairly by tho learned District Attorney, and
it is entirely insufiicient to prove an overt
act of treison.
My only duty, therefore, is to order that
this complaint be dismissed, and tho de
fendants be discharged.
The crowd in the court room burst lnto
applause which nobody checked, and many
people went up and shook hands with tha
Washington Correspondence of tho N. Y. Herald
Arrest of Bell Boyd, the Female
The notorious female spy, 'Bella Boyd,
familiarly known as the betrayer of our
. . . T 1 ilia frallanfc
forces at rroni o.vi. wuuiu r"' "
command of Colonel Kinley wasjslaughtered
. - i .im:..v..i..An
ana capturea, was;arresiea a luiiucsmi uu
Wednesday last, and is now confined in the
Old Capitol prison. Romancers have given
thi3 femalo undue repute, by describing her
as beautiful and educated. She is merely a
brusque, talkative woman, perhaps twenty
five years of ago, rod-haired, with keen, cour
ageous gray eyes. Her teeth are prominent,
and sheis meager in person. There is a
sertain dash and naivete in her manner and
speech that might be called fascinating; but
she is by no means possessed of brilliant
qualities, either of mind or body. Being ln
sanly devoted to the rebel cause, she resolved
to act as a spy within the Union lines, and
msnoirat in ilivAm wars recommend her
self to our officers. One of the Generals
formerly stationed in tho Shenandoah Val
ley is mentioned rather oddly a3 associated
with ber, and Belle boasts that she once
wrapped a rebel flag around bis head. Our
young officers, dazzled, perhaps, took her
outriding ofton, and Bhe was frequently a
habitant of our camps in tho Shenandoah.
From the facts gleaned in this way of our
movements and projects, she kept up a pret
ty regular budget of intelligence, and tha en
emy was advised of our favorite designs.
She admitted in prison to day that she had
informed Jackson of our situation at Front
Royal; but this she said was done to prevent
the effusionjof blood. Passing through her
native place, ahe was groaned at by the citi
zens on Thursday. The proper people of
Martinsburg havestoadlydislikedher. Bhe
passed, indeed, if not for a village courtesan,
at least for something not far removed from,
that relation. A leading Secessionist of
Washington visited her in jail to-day,
where her quarters are comfortable, and gave
her luxuries. Some gentlemen likewise
waited upon her. She talked with thorn at
random, and with much abandon, and said
that sue intended to be paroled. A soldier
guards her room, and paces up and down
continually before the door. Her own ad
missions will convict her of being a spy.
She was dressed to day in a'plain.frocly low
in the neck, and her arms were bare, oacs
son, it appears, is ber idol; and she gave
vent to romantic desires to occupy his tent
and share his dangers. She takes her arrest
as a matter of course, and is smart, plucky
and absurd as ever A lunatic asylum
might be recommended for aer.
jvj-Some weeks ago after a lato mar
riage the doting husband had some peculiar
thoughts when putting on his last clean
shirt, a3 he saw no appearance of "a wash
iu." He thereupon rose earlier than urbjual
one morning and kindled a fire. When
hanging on the kettle, he made a noise on
purpose to arouse his easy wife. She peep
ed over the blankets aud exclaimed: my
dear what are you doing?' He deliberately
responded, "I've put on my last clean satrt,
and am going to wash one now for myselt.
Very well," faid Mrs. Easy, you had bet
ter wash one for me, too."
A 1 - ... ,Vta man hail-19 tbfl OolV
A Vl.O w it Mja e - -
animal that laughs, does so because be has
tii tail to 6flake when he is pleased.
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