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THCY WILL BE AT SAN PEDRO ON PACIFIC AND CAPE HENRY ON ATLANTIC. RESULT OF STRATEGY GAME .Army and Navy Officer Several Year Age Proved W Could Not Prevent Japaneae Invaelon -Con-greaa Now Waking Up. By GEORGE CLINTON. Washington. Congress baa awak ened to what It thlnka la the neces ally of additional fortification on the AUantio and Paclflo coaata. The ap propriation committee of the houae ha recommended that there be In cluded In the fortification bill the aum of $200,000 to atart the work of providing groat batterlea of 14 Inch tuna at San Pedro, which 1 the har bor of Loa Angelea, and It haa recom mended also that $150,000 be appro priated to aecure land at Cap Henry at the entrance to Chesapeake bay, where another great fortification will be erected In the near future. There la history connected with the effort to aecure the emplacement of heavy guna at theae two harbor entrance and In Ha way It haa la terest Touching the weatern coaat In the vicinity of Loa Angelea, it may be remembered that Just prior to the close of the Roosevelt admin iatratlon it waa feared that tbl coun try waa on the verge of trouble with Japan. At that time army and navy officer were not altogether satisfied that the country waa in a condition to sustain a conflict with the eastern power. The army officers connected with the war college In Washington and naval officer connected with the one at Newport worked out jointly a prob lem In warfare. It was a "game" In a way which waa played. On one aide of the table was Japan and on the other as its opponent was the United States, and the moves were made by experts at the game of war. ) Japan won. What the War Game Disclosed. Laymen thought that the findings of the men of the militant services could not be considered seriously, but later It became known that the problem as It was worked to Its conclusion was accepted by military authorities ev erywhere, as having been sanely solved with the conditions of the game aa they were. Aa tho result of that strategy study congress has Just ap propriated $250,000 to begin the work of fortifying the approach to the coast cf southern California at San Pedro. It was fcund by the strategists that with our fleet aa It waa at that time, Japan could land a sufficient force of men on the coast near Los An geles, hold the country upon which an Immense army could subsist, com mand the three mountain pass ap proaches from the east and keep at bay for a long time as great an Amer ican force as could be assembled to attempt to force the mountain passes to dislodge the enemy. Puget Sound la fortified, and ao is San Francisco. Congress now intend to complete the chain of fortifications by adding the defensive link at San Pedro. Fortress Monroe, Virginia, has had in its sole keeping for years, the safe ty of several American cities. It Is the outpost defense of Washington and Baltimore, and with Fort Wool, which Is a low lying mid-channel bat tery, it stands a an aggressive sen tinel, keeping watch over Washington and Richmond. Southeast across the mingling wa ters of the bay and the ocean lies Cape Henry, the rough coast of which is visible on clear days to the gunners on Monroe's parapet, but no projec tile which their great steel monsters can burl is ever likely to prove effec tive agtlnst battleships stealing in around Cape Henry under the cover of fog or durknes to make the run up Cape Charles into the waters of the Chesapeake. Congress has committed Itself to the entering wedge appropriation for a government fortification mounting H Inch guns to be constructed on Cape Henry. When this Is completed it is probable that Richmond and Nor folk, Washington and Baltimore, can sleep in confidence that no foe can some by water to their troubling. Plana for Suffragist Parade. Washington haa two big pa rade committeea bard at work, one striving for the auccess of the pageant In honor of the inauguration of Woodrow Wilson and the other working hard and willingly to make superior to the parade of "mere man', the auffragtst pageant which will be held on March . on the stretch of the great avenue between tho capltol and the treasury building. A request from suffrage leaders ask ing congress to pasa a constitutional amendment letting down the bars gainst woman's voting Is to be pre pared In connection with the giant al legorical procession and pageant to be held the day before the Inaugura tion of President-elect Wilson. At least 6.000 men and women from all parts of the country, and particularly from the ten auffrage states, are to take part In the procession and In the mas meeting to follow. The suffragists understand thor oughly the worth of publicity and ap parently they also undttrstaud the uses of the press agent. They seem to fel that something with "circus features" I a more potent attraction than a pugeant of "suffrage solemnities,' a fact which in a k is the advance notice 4)1 the Marts event read somewhat like the unexpurgated forecasting pro nouncements of the press agent of the biggest show on earth. Sounds Like Clreu Pester. The women want a crowd, and If publicity will draw It for them they are not to be disappointed. The proof of the press agent Is his (or In this case. Is it herT) ability to get things printed. The suffragists' press agent I setting stuff In type. It may not be that American who dwell In the distant placea would come to the cap ital to see simply a plodding proces sion of women with banners, but what American anywhere can resist this: "A troop of attractive Dianas, horse women known for their proficiency In horsemanship, will have a prominent place In the big suffrage parade on March 3. Miss Julia Uoldsborough and Ml Mary Morgan, both of whom have won blue ribbon In society horse shows, will display their horse manship on famous mounts, and among the other women who have al ready promised to ride are Glenna Smith Tlnnln and Mrs. Churchill Can dee. It Is hoped that this pictur esque feature will be augmented by such dashing rider a Miss Janet Al len. Mis Kathertne Elklns, Miss Lu cille Cherbonnler and many other who have won wide reputation as rider." The suffragist are showing hum bleness of spirit The Washington press agent tells the country: "There Is no suggestion that women' are her appear a (be equal or the superior of men, but they will appear as wom en determined to win for themselves what they deem a God-given right" It seem possible that the words "are the equals" escaped notice of the ex purging staff of the publicity commit tee. Mr. and Mrs. MacVeagh to March T Washington at Its society end was somewhat stirred by the report that Secretary of the Treasury Franklin MacVeagh and Mrs. MacVeagh were to march in the parade carrying ban ners with the proud device "Votes for Women." It may be that Mr. and Mrs. MacVeagh will lend their pres ence to the parade, but the chances are that their "trudging" will be in an automobile. While the "marchers march" the crowds along the curbs will be asked by "society news girls" to buy their program ware. So It Is not the Inten tion of the suffragists to depend upon the parade's potency alone to draw support for their cause. An entire week will be given over to the advo cacy of the movement. It Is allowed to be known in advance that "MIbb Margaret Foley of Boston, the apostle of the working girl, whose eloquence Is of a marvelous quality, will be one of the group of notable suffragist speakers who will spread the gos pel abroad In Washington during in augural week at open air meetings. Gardner's Sea Hospital Bill. . Representative A. Pr Gardner,. Re? publican, of Massachusetts, expects Democratic support for his bill pro viding for a federal hospital ship to sail with the Gloucester and sur gical aid to sick or injured sailors. Progressive-Republicans in the hous believe that If this bill passes It can be used as a precedent to provide federal aid for workmen In other industries, like the mills and the mines, and they say It will be an entering wedge for humanitarian endeavor on the part of Uncle Sam. It Is said In Washington by mem bers of all parties that if congress shall put through the Gardner bill, thus In effect recognizing the prin ciple of federal aid to workers In- all industries. It will be done In part to show that the Democratic party wants to do some of those things the spirit of which dwelt In the proposals of the platform adopted by the Progres sive party at Chicago. It Is known that members of the new party favor the Gardner measure and the leaders here say that tho party when It gets Its representation in the new con gress will support any congressional measure, no matter by what party It is introduced, which looks to the prop er relief of the workers of the coun try no matter in what industry they labor. Marine Hospitals a Precedent. Uncle Sam himself has a precedent for giving federal aid to Injured work ers. In 1798 by an act of congress the marine hospital fund waa creat ed to maintain hospitals for the care of disabled seamen employed on ship flying the American flag. For neurly half a century the federal government gave free medical attendance to sai lors, but In 1846 by another act of congress a system of industrial insur ance, in principle exactly like the Lloyd George Insurance act of Eug land, wa adopted. The master of each ahip waa required to keep back from the wages of each sailor forty cents a month. This sum was to pay. In part, for the maintenance of a marine hospital. In 1884 these deductions were dis continued, and a tonnage tax Instead was Imposed upon the owner of the vessels. In 1901 this tax In turn was discontinued, the defclency being made up from a straight appropria tion. Today the marine hospitals of the United Statea publlo health serv ice still give free medical and surgi cal aid to sailor, but the sailor must come ashore before he can be treated. The Gardner proposition would wide ly extend the scope and usefulness of the hospital service, bringing It hun dred of mile out Into the ocean to the very bunk- of the tick teaman. It I known that the hous commit tee Is seriously considering the es tablishment of a contributory Insur ance system for the flshermei a sys tem much like that established by congress in 1846. What make thut committee hesitate Is the fear of opening up the entire question of In suruuee for worker. PROFIT DEPENDS UPON CARE Incumbent en Caretaker to Manage Fowl In HI Charge to Rssp th Greatest Reward. The profit that Is possible per fowl I mainly dependent upon the care taker, write A. Q. Symond In the Fruit Grower. It I up to blm to so care for the fowls In hi charge a td reap the greatest reward. He must apply hi Intelligence to atudy the de tail that are so essential In egg pro duction. The hen Is a machine, nicely built and properly adjusted, and the caretaker must, be familiar with this egg-machine In order to secure the greatest profit per fowl. The variety kept has very little to do with the possible profit per fowl. A flock of Plymouth Racks may be made to yield greater return than a flock of Leghorn per capita. True It I that some varieties are better egg pro ducer than others, but It I also true that some varieties are better meat producers than others. No one va riety ha a monopoly on advantage or profit-paying qualities. There I no variety without some redeeming fea- A Prize Winner. tures that can be so managed by the skillful poultry keeper as to bring good returns. The basis of profit doe not rely up on what branch of poultry keeping one follows. There are chances in every line, egg, meat and fancy. The ordi nary profit secured in any one of these branches can be doubled, or trebled, by the skill and intelligence of the caretaker. The regular profit of one dollar per fowl seem to satisfy the average poultryman. This is wrong, for no one should be satisfied In any line of work, but constantly striving for bet ter result and larger profits. Two and three dollars per fowl is a possi ble profit and Is being attained by some, mejjn. ttajwu Jmrfnsai ;tLai4l(0tUAliaqiL Ll J J . - j. The secret does not -lie In the fowl or the - variety, but in the human brain. Let us all study more care fully the rules and principles that govern poultry culture. Let us strive to Increase the profit in our flocks, and thus each year set up a new standard for the succeeding year. By thought, perseverance and perslstance great things can be accomplished with poultry. MARGIN OF PROFIT AND LOSS If Hens Do Not Fall Below Average of 50 or 60 Per Cent. In Laying They Are Money Makers. A flock of hens should be made to pay a good dividend on the Invest ment If they do not do this, there Is something radically wrong somewhere along the line. If you have kept a record of the cost of production and the sales you will be able to tell whether or not your hens are paying. Hens that are laying an average or 50 or 60 per cent are doing well, and will make a good showing In tbe right side of the cash book. Any averagea above that will be so much more gain, and will more than Justify keeping the birds. If they fall way below this mark you hud better investigate and find out the cause of the trouble. It may be that you have a poor strain of birds; that you are not feeding the right kinds cf food or In sufficient quantities, or that you are not giving them the proper attention that they must have in order to be great pro ducers. Sheep Value to Farm. The care of a flock of sheep Is a Job a good deal less sweaty and laborious than the swing of the scythe and the hoe in an unending effort to kill off tbe weeds. - In the presence of such a flock, the weeds rapidly disappear, and tho grasses take the possession of tbe ground. Some farmers are said to besi'ate about starting a flock of sheep because of tbe possible reduc tion of tbe duty on wool and tbe de cline In price that perhaps would fol low. But this would cut no figure In the case. Mutton always commands a profit able price; and th combined returns from mutton and wool, added to tbe services of the sheep in keeping down the weeds and enriching the land, will perhaps make Hm flock a itosV to tte raawa highly valuable contribute prosperity of the farm. Care With Turkey. Always be sure that every part f anv lnclosur where th turkey ben and poult ar kept I well drained. Sometimes the hen will sit down it nlrtht in a low place and a heavy ruin I will fill the depression with water aiid I chili or drown th poults. CAUTION WITH GASOLINE riy Hsndled the Liquid I On th Moat Valuable of Indus trial Agenclss. Gasoline seem to be so much of a necessity these day, especially on the farm, that we are apt to overlook It dangerous qualities. It Is said of a fire that It Is a good servant but bad master, and this is niost assured ly the case with gasoline. Properly bandied, It la one of the most val uable of Industrial agencies, but used carelessly It becomes destructive In the extreme. The otber day r. woman poured some gasoline on the fuel In the stove, winning to make a quick fire. After putting tho can down In a remote corner of the room she started the fire lr the stove. Like a flash the gasoline In the can exploded and she was fatally injured. She did not know that an unseen train of gasoline vapor might lead from the match she struck or the flames In the stove to the distant can. In another case a woman poured a quart of gasoline into a marble basin In the bath room and placed a silk waist In It She closed the door and went away for ten minutes. Then she rubbed the silk between her hands. This generated sufficient electricity to make a spark. The gasoline ex ploded, the house burned . and the woman lost her life. There are many people who handle thla fluid as carelessly aa kerosene, and the number of accidents report ed would seem to be Increasing. Printed Information regarding the safe handling of gasoline should be obtained and studied by every house use it In any way. Dealers also should keeper and all who are required to be more particular in giving out needed information on the subject. CHECK ON THE QUACK GRASS Serious Menace la Eradicated by Ceaseless Cultivation How Farmer Got Rid of Pest. (By R. Q. WEATHERSTONE.) One man in our neighborhood bought a farm several years ago that waa badly infested with quark grass. The uplands were free from the post but about twenty acres of creek bot tom land grew scarcely anything else. The former owner had let these bot toms in hay for many years, although of late he had been mowing scarcely anything but quack. The other man, however, put the entire twenty under the plow, wear ing out a good many share points in tearing up the rough sod and more than once "saying things." Then he planted corn, after having first har rowed and dlBked, and disked and har rowed, until a) great many of the 1 1 Ceaseless cultivation was kept up util the corn was too tall to admit a cultivator, and the field was gone over once with the hoe. In the fall the corn was rather weedy when cut, still It was not half bad. As the bot tom was extremely fertile, it was plowed, harrowed and disked again, and the corn was put In once more. Tbe same old story of cultivation and hoeing waa repeated and even a larger crop of corn was the result, with less quack than, the fall before. The bottom looked good for yet an other crop of corn, so far the third time the scratching of the earth con tinued. By that time the quark was pretty well under control, and it was no longer a serious menace to the crop. DISCHARGER FOR HAY FORKS Looped-Rod Attachment Separate Load Without Pitch and Jerk In Ordinary Implement. Tbe looped-rod attachment for fork tinea shown In the illustration is de signed as a load discharger, and sep arates tbe fork from it load without the pitch and Jerk required with tbe Load Discharged. ordinary fork. The rods loop over the point of the tine and are carried back to a rocker bar operated by a teel sleeve that slides on the handle. The apparatus is especially useful in the handling of corn stalks. Methods of Picking. Either scalding or the dry-picking method can be used for fowls Intend ed for market, but for broilers only the dry-picking method is allowable. A chick only a few weeks old is a very tender bird, but if scalded it will be found Impossible to pick it with out occasionally rubbing a little of the skin off. These spots will dark en and give the broiler a stale look. The scalding will also Increase the tendency to decay. With dry picking not only will the bird keep much longer, but the natural firmness ol the flesh prevents all fear of skin ning. To Clean Plumsge. Tbe plumage of a white fowl can be cleaned of stain by washing with a clean white or transparent soap that is free from much alkali. Make a strong lather and use your hand and a sort hair brush. Stroke tbe foath- er downward, from the head to tha talL ilOIIOR DAY OF MARTYRED SAINT The martyred saint whose nsme re fines and beautifies the merry customs of the ancient Roman festival of tho Lupercalla knew naught of those suf ferings of bis death seem to assort 111 with the season of the mating blrda and the Jolly forms of love-making with which that season bss been cele brated from time Immemorial. It Is not known whether his place In the calendar was assigned to the mid dle of February with the purpose of lending a more serious tone to tbe gid diness of Roman youths and maidens In drawing their sweethearts by lot but certain it Is that though tbe lot tery of drawing one's valentine con tinued until a late period of English history, It changed to a form more worthy of approval by the serious and saintly man whose name commends it Though In this country and this gen eration the proper observance of St Valentine's day Is limited to tbe anon ymous sending of tender or senti mental missives, leaving the re cipient to solve the mystery of the sender In his or her own Imagination, there have been In the past many pretty or fanciful notions sssoclated with the day. One was that the first person of the opposite sex one met on St. Valen tine's morning was to be bis or her companion for life, and we may im agine the care with which the votaries of this little supersltlon avoided meet ing the wrong person. Sometimes young women sought to deride the per sonality of their valentines by dream ing, and even resorted to indigestible food at going to bed on St Valentine's ve in order to induce the dreams. A sport of the young folks In Eng land was to celebrate a little festival on St Valentine's eve. In which the company was divided Into couples by lot and the young man waa expected to be attentive for some days to the lady who was drawn aa his valentine taking her to parties, and so forth. In these days the fortunate or unfor tunate young man who had drawn a valentine In this way would be expect ed to pay something for carriage hire and theater tickets. It cost the cour tiers of Charles II. something to be chosen as a valentine, for Pepys, in his diary, informs us of a certain belle of the court who received a Jewel of 800 value from her valentine of one year and a ring worth 300 from her valentine of another year. No true disciple of St Valentine will indulge in the license of the carica tures and libels that are nowadays sent through the malls under cover of the secrecy that Is Bacred to his day. They are altogether alien to the spirit of the season. Old-Time Valentin. Tbe earnest and most popular St Valentine's day Jingle that baa been handed down to the present time: Th roc Is red. The violet blue, Bugar Is sweet And so are you." In many of the European countries the St. Valentine day kiss was ex changed between young people as a token of good will. The exact nature of such an osculatory performance la somewhat vague. Though tbe same conscientious chronicler does not men tion the relationship, it suggested that the St Valentine day kiss is a third cousin at least, deceased, of the fa mous "soul" kiss. There is some doubt on this point, however, for in no way ran an exegesis of tbe word "affinity" lead the Investigator back to that time. On the otber band, tbe fact that this custom is now In vogue uni versally not on St Valentine's day, but on other days, and far into the nlgbt as well is significant. The only difference la tbat the so-called St Valentine day kiss of the present is a token of good will and other things. Sought Their Sweethearts. In England the schoolgirl of a half a century ago plucked at the buttons on their gowns snd uttered In a sing-song monotone on 8t Valentine's day the verse: Tinker, tailor, Soldier, sailor. Apothecary, tMuughboy, thief." If, after sing-songing these word for a stated number of time they should first meet other than the one on whom of sll mentioned in their roundelay their heart were set they scattered In great fright. Scott' Tribute to th Day. Love rule tbe court, th camp, th grove. And men below, and saints above; For love I heaven, and heaven 1 love, -Hsir Walter Scott. tBSB 1 f Ions had loved a winsome maid. But when my timid tongue essayed. Without avail, to tell the tale. ' I then resolved, though lips might fall. That pen should speak and so I wrote -My lady an Impassioned not. In every phrase to lover sweet, 1 laid my homage at her feet; - 1 Extolled her far and form In fine, j I humbly begged that she'd be mine. Then wreathed It round with bloom and! vine, , And signed It thus: "Thy Valentine." : That eve we met I'll ne'er forget lta pain pervade my being yet Her rheeke were flushed, her eyes were) bright With young affection's tender light "Dear Jack," said abe, "you ought to) see The valentine that cane to me. " "Twaa twined in rosea all ablow. And arrows aped from Cupld'a bow; And In the midst a rhythmlo tine That breathed such burning love divine It made my heart with rapture thrill- I knew at once that 'twas from Will." "To you, dear Jack, I may confess," Bhe said, unheeding ray distress, "That love Is blind, or Will would see I'm quite as much In love as be; But he Is such a bashful beau I wish you'd kindly tell him so." Moral , When next I pen a lovelorn line, I'l algn It "Ja-k." not "Valentine." Harriet Bunker Austin, In National Magailne. Valentin Day In Ireland. In Ireland the great feature of St. Valentine' day Is the breakdown dance. All the boys and all the girls engaged in It, the couple dancing tho longest winning the coveted applause. The victorious couple is looked upon as well mated, and not Infrequently a wedding follows during Eastertide. Tbe dance Itself is indeed a spec tacle. With much ceremony the door of the barn is lifted from its hinges and the dance commerced as soon . the fiddler or the player of the bagplpe orders the couples out The floor of the barn is of mud; hence the door is laid on the ground to form a suit able surface for the dancers. Cold smith describes the dancers la his "Deserted Village:" "The dancing pair that simply sought re nown. By holding out to tiro each other down." The absolute whole-heartedness of the dance and the fierceness of these) tests of endurance must be seen to be appreciated. Though the occa sion la one of the utmost Jollity and good will, the contestants are in dead earnest in thel rendeavors to win. Dean Swift's Gentle Protest. The gentle Dean Swift, In writing to a friend, describes his first reception of a comic valentine: "I was seated in my library when the postmaster arrived and I opened the bag. What was my surprise to find my first greeting on St Valen tine's morning to be a representation of a fat person, with a body like a pig and a head like a dolt Of course, it grieved me, for I always considered the day one devoted to everything beautiful in life. But I felt far mora compassion for the unfortunate mental condition of the aender than I did for the feelings of the recipient which were, I assure you, quite hauled be fore I finished breakfast" 1 Tbe simplicity of this gentle pro test, scarcely a rebuke, is pathetic Much more kindly and conalderate la the tender missive, even though it b sentimental, like the following: "If you'll be mine I will be thy no. And so Good Morrow, Valentino1 For St Valentine's day U ft daj Cf joy, of lova, of happiness.