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GETS HARDEST JOB
J. P. TUMULTY, At PRESIDENTS PRIVATE SECRETARY, MUST BE "MAN UNAFRAID." MEETS PRESS OF WASHINGTON Wood row Wilton and All Others Pre dict Hs Will Mske Good In Filling Poaitlon Which Requires Infinite Tact BY GEORGE CLINTON. Washington. Woodrow Wilson's present executive secretary, who baa been appointed aa bla future private secretary, , Joseph I'atrlck Tumulty, ha been In Washington as the guest of the Natlnnul Press club. There n large gathering of correspond ents and of othera to meet the man who, In a way, will be second In com mand ut the. White House after ..March 4. If Mr. Tumulty can remember the names and the faces of one-fltth of ilio public men and Washington corre spondents who greeted him here he probably will prove qualified to a con siderable degree for the duties of the office which he will nssntme on the first Tuesday of the first spring month. It may be that at one time men were given to the underestimating of the necessities in the case of a president's private aecretary. He is more to president than any cabinet officer and he can make or unmake friendships for hla chief faster than any man who tt at the president's round table. The personal equation figures more largely in the auccesa of an administration ihan anything else to which mathe matics lends Itself for a figure o( speech. Mr. Tumulty la a keen-lookiug Amer. lean of Irish lineage. It ought uoi to take him long to learn the names and the faces of the men who will call ukmi hla chief. If he Is not as quick In learning their foibles, their temper aments, their crotchets, their strengths and their weaknesses, he may lie in trouble, before the administration is three months old. Heing all things to all men Is seemingly an essential in a private secretary to the president of tbe United Statea. How Ha Can Make Good. Everybody says that Mr. Tumulty Is going to make good, and everybody hopes so. He has had numerous pre decessors la office within the last ten years. Ho will And that, like thvm, he must accustom himself to what may b called a "dignified humility" In the presence of men who modestly think themselves the great of the land. The member of congress who haa a bill for county seat la just aa big a man in th White House aa tbe senator whom seniority, If not qualification, haa mado tbe head of the. finance commit tee. "No member of either house haa more than one vote and the enmity of congressman who has made no big mark on legislation may cost a presidential aspirant the electoral vote of a atate. The secretary of the president of the United States must be the "man unafraid." There are scores of things upon which be must speak for the president, and he must always speak with the certainty that his speech is to go unchallenged by his chief. There have been one or two secretaries who declined on any occasion to speak for the president, preferring to go to bim on every trivial matter. The president has a lot to do and he cannot act at all times aa chief executive and as pri vate secretary to himself. Mr. Wilson, it ia said, has a mountain-moving faith in Mr. Tumulty. If he did not have it he probably would not have made his present secretary his future secretary. Mr. Tumulty, If he follows the example, or is allowed to follow the example, of some of his predeceasora In office, will be oa many subjects great and small the mouth piece of the administration. He must keep his tongue from tripping. See reiariea have aucceeded in doing tbla through long years and the strsln of precaution seemingly has not worn away their health. Feathers and the Tariff. It la possible, even probable, that the congress of the I'nited Statea may Interpose its authority tti change utterly the fashion la woman's hats. Doea It seem that this is a trivial mater to take up the atten tion of the careful law makers of the lann? Tbe legislators apparently do not hlnk ao, and good many of them say that the agricultural interests and all persons who love nature will rise to call them blessed if they enter wlln legislative intent Into the realm of Dame Fashion. It Is possible that the ways and means committee under tba leadership of Oscar W. ("ndarwood will make up Ita mind before Marcii IS to ask congress to prohibit the Importation Into this country of all feathers for millinery purposes, except those of the ostrich, of domestic fowls sod of .game birds. If the committee which frames tariff legislation shall take thla action It will mark the final step of .success In a rruaade which had Its be ginning In tbs parlora of a (ew Ameri can hoinaa about fifteen years ago. It is probable that for the present congress will content Itse'.t with provision In the tariff laws which will prohibit the Importation "of the plum age of American blrda. or of plumage Indistinguishable from that of Ameri can blrda. including aigrettes, crude nd manufactured." What the Provision Would Do. The lusertion of this provision into in nut tariff law Its beeaj urged sad It Is said that the majority f the members of tbe ways and means com mittee Is favorable to ita adVipMou. If it shall become the law It means that the plumage o no bird, which occurs In America and. which occurs also In other countries, can be Im ported Into the I'nited States. It also will mean the shutting o'tt of the scintillating feathers of scores of birds not natives of America, but whose plumage .n part l. Indlstln nilshable' from that of the blrda of this tountry. This provision of the law probably will save from extermi nation millions of humming birds now killed nd sent Into this country to giafli? the tastes of women to whom "money (a no object." Congress ia taking an 'merest In the preservation of bird life. The McLean bill giving the agricultural drpartment the authority to regulate the shooting seasons In the t'nlted States and to forbid under the fed eral law the killing of useful species already has passed the senate and may paa the house at this session. If. In the hurry of things, the bill does not pass It will be Introduced again Immediately after the convening of the extra session. It Is left to con gress, however, to strike the dewl llest blow at the plumage traffic through the tariff laws, if is apparent that one blow, not vital, will be struck and that the deadlier stroke will be reserved until humanity nnd educa tional effort have been given a little longer lease of time for continued earnestness of endeavor. .v. T. Hornaday of New York Zoolog ical society and T. Gilbert Pearson, secretary of the National Association of Audubon Societies, have hern tell ing Mr. t'ndcrwood and his nays and means colleagues some facts about the feather trade. ' John Burroughs, the naturalist, la here doing what he can In his forceful missionary way to turn the heart of congress to the humani ties of the case and the head of con gress to its necessities. Wilson Favors Publicity. lieniocratin leaders in Wuahiffg--n hear that It is Woodrow Wil son's intention to make publicity one of the efforts of his udministra ;io'i. The president-elect's reticence 'o:n crning present matters of burn in k public curiosity and his disinclination 10 take the country into his confidence on cabinet matters, makes the promise of future publicity seem a little strange, but publicity in legislattvt matters has been marked !n New Jer sey since Mr. Wilson became Its gov ernor and It is said that he has found it to be a public benetlt. Mr. Wilson's first pronouncement in favor of publicity after he should be come president was withdrawal some what hastily. The open door plan which he advocated was really a pub licity plan, but he found out, perhaps from Mr. Taft in part and certainly from senators and representatives. tmjt if be tried keeping the door open, thf. flood would set In and swamp hinV and all persons connected with the White House. If Mr. Wilson intends to live up tu his publicity promise.it meana that he will talk freely to visitors and except in certain cases will waive the rule that "all is In confidence." It means also that bo will tell the newspapers freely what he thinks on public af fairs and perhaps that he will allow the use of the direct quotation. If this latter course ' shall appeal to him he will depart at pretty nearly a right angle from the path followed by most of his predecessors. There is a law in Washington, un written but stronger than any statute that the president is not to be quoted This does not mean thai what the pres ident thinks or what the president In tends to do does not get Into the news papers. Presidents talk freely tt some of the newspaper correspondents and do so with the understanding, un less direct request to the contrary i given, that what they say may bi used, but net in quotation marks. How Roosevelt Gave Hia Views. President Taft has departed from the rule of no "quotes" a number ol tiroes. Mr. Roosevelt lived up to it pretty rigidly and yet his views wen given more freely than those of nn man who ever sat in the White House Mr. Koosevelt believed In publicity Newspaper accounts of happenings ti come "given on high authority," or b "one qualified to cpeuk for the admin istration," were printed frequently and freely and t.-ned the ends of bringing expressions of support or oppouitior from the public, and It was P.oosevelt' desire always to kr.ow how the publit felt. It is believed In Washington that if Mr. Wilson Intends to use publicit as an agent he will follow the persona' rule of Koosevelt pretty closely In tin matter. It ia not expected that h will lies the "quotes." but that lie til! reach t '.n same end by the Indirect method Wbou I resident Taft entered thi White tot.se there was for uptime ul most complete reversal of condi lions. Mr Taft said little to member, of congret which ho showed auy de sire to hrve printed, and for a lonr time hx virtually declined to see an press representatives stafionvd In Waaningt'tn. It did not take tbe pres ident lonn to come to tue conclusloi that he hid made a mistake, or if h did not reach this eouclusio.i himself some of Ms friends reached it for hiu and following its reaching, the public was allowed to know something direct ly sbbut what tbe presldeut thought ought to t-e done. Mr. Taft has been a great believer In the plsn of going ti the people and telling it f ret . hand Ills publicity trouble wss t :t. I ave as much as be did, there ter long periods rf lime when he wss com pelted to remain In Washington aui. the people bad to wait for their tnfor mat ion. Pwbilcitv. however, finally vaaie tulo Ita owa la the Taft admit-istration. STEAMER DRIVEN ASHORE IN BLINDING STORM j&rV r - 1 v V Ill a recent, blinding snowstorm in the "ships' graveyard." lust west the revenue cutter Mohawk, which wont to the aid of tbe life savers of I-ong TELLS OF ATROCITIES Writer Reveals Fiendish Acts Committed by Turks. Bulgar Soldiers, Maddened by Treat ment of Their Countrymen, Show Moslem Troopa Women Are Horribly Mutilated. Kabaktclia Village, near Tchalalja. -Owing partly to the fear of bloody vejiieance to come for the horrors of this war, partly to more mitural i-auses, great migratory changes are taking place In that rich eastern sec tion of Turkey In Kuropo through w hich tbe Uulgars swept on their hur ricane storm to Tchatalja. . Though from all appearances the old regime of murder, mutilation and injustice will soon be forever ended, thn fear struck Turkish population is moving southward again toward Asia Minor, whence It came, while the llulgar peasants of the Tchatalja district are lleeing as nervously north. Amid these scenes of exodus, ono is led to think it may yet not be too late to bring some order tn the Balkan racial chaos. Meanwhile, the Turks have waged the present conflict in their old style burning, violating, massacring. Al most at tbe Uulgariuu frontier Uie atrocious tale begins. Weil, tho moment yie Mjtnj de clared tho Turks began to loot icnii burn the llulgar villages But as the stern soldiers from the nortt pressed down, winning victory aflet victory, tho Turkish population, per haps rightly fearing vengeance in kind from the men who found their blood kin wronged and slain right and loft, set off on a frantic migration to Con stantinople, where they arrived In the pitiable state already known to the world. Of such Turks as stayed be hind tbe Uulgars felt forced to kill some. Others they put to work with the army transports, still others they lefi m peace, their villages .ntact, JuBt ps oue finds also Bulgar villages intact where the Turks did not have time to do a thorough job. "We expected." said a ltulgar officer with whom I talked at Tchatalja. "to find a rich and plenteous country as we neared Constantinople. We found instead- what you see, nothing! Hard ly a living being! ' Utter devasta tion!" I met an eld Bulgarian woman near Tchorlu who was the first Red Cros nurse upon tho ground after tbe ter tlble destruction at l,ule liuigas. She said that on her way to the field hos pital she was sent to the succor of a Greek village where tbe Turks bad scattered ruin. Unlock your western ears now, and hear the truth. She found young girls lying naked by the roadside nearly dead. She found chil dren stricken down by carelesa sa bers. A lousewife had been mur dered as she kneaded her bread, the dough slill on her hands.' And In a bloody sack the Turks had gathered women's breasts! it is not difficult to verify such stories. They sre common knowl edge here. The Bulbar peusaut has no imagination. He tells what be sees. I will give one more exampla. According to the Mohammedan re ligion, pork is unclean and Is forbid-h-u. For a Turk to kill a pig is thus considered a special insult to a Chris tian. The advancing Hulgars found many pigs shot down or stabbed lu fx nn tarda ' The HuJgars began the war ia a humane spirit, as such terras go lu ' war time. Hut not a soldier In that army of 400, WO is Ignorant now of certain fiendish evidence his comrades have witnessed. In tbe Ughliug at Tchatalja. thi Itulgara. having ad vanced during the day, were fre quently obliged to retire at n'uht. leaf ing their wouuded on tbe field When the next day's fortunes brought them again over the same ground they found only stripped bod lea gmesomely hacked, while the of ficers' corpsea had be. in mutilated la a way so much wore disgusting than anything I have hitherto meu Honed that I cannot even wrlie of it. I think rvcii kindly people In their tranquil uouius scross tne world la America will understand tbe reason now, when I add -tist should the war continue, no more Turkish wounded will fce sent north to be aur4 is 'lulgar hosplt a;tr,'. - ,i'V' ',' 7te- lAd- . i i i in miii ii m m y,n,: M7Wfll It ii I -"-, I .: the banana steamer Nicholas Cuneo, with a crew of thirty, was driven ashore of Point Ixiokout, jos. Island. The photograph shows the wrecked vessel and als. While the Rulgara pass hereaft er there will be no Turkish wounded. Doubtless there are many good Turks. No one who has seen the pale and delicate faces of the Moslem wom an refugees can look tin them without pity. Out the basic fact remains: Tho ways of the Turk are not tbe ways of Europe. FINDS MYSTERY OF THE DEEP Steamer Discovers Bark but Fata of Captain and Craw Is Like That of Celeste's. Newport News, Va. Another mys tery of the deep, virtually paralleling the disappearance of tbe crew of the schooner Marie Celeste years ago, came to port with tbe itrtttsh tank steamer Roumanian. The Marie Celeste was found at sea with a pot boiling in the galley. Its captain's papers on the cabin table and every indication that men were aboard within a few hours of Its dis covery. Nothing, however, ever was heard of the skipper or crew. Tba story of tbe Norwegian bark Remittent, with a crew of six. Is equally strange. Tho Roumanian sighted the Remittent drifting near the Azores and took it In tow. Tbe boat's deck planks, once holy stoned to a glistening white, bore the marks of many feet, but there was Ario one aboard and nothing to explain vtid difcappelranco of the master 'and crew. In the cabin the lockfast places were undisturbed; charts and papers were secure. In the breaker there was fresh water; salt junk and bis cuits were In the stores. A mainsail and two jibs were snugly furled and lifeboats swung in the davits. In a gale 100 miles off Cape Henry, Captain Clarldge lost tbe Remittent. No other ship has reported it since. The Remittent was commanded by Captain Torgersen and sailed from Rio Urande do Sal Oct 25 for Liver pool. THIEF BETRAYED BY A PATCH Seattle Woman Recognizes Handi work She Put on Trc users and Bandit la Taken. Seattle, Waah. Recognition last week by Mra. William J. Mayorick of a patch she had placed on the leg of her husband's trouber: resulted In the arrest of two men and the recovery from the home of one of them a wagonload of articles stolen from Seattle homes. Charles Castro, from whose home tbe articles were recov ered, was wearing the clothes, and sat opposite sirs. Mayorick in a .street car. When she questioned bis right to the clothes he abused hor and men passengers took blm Into custody snd delivered him at police headquarters. Mayorick's name was written on a pockot lining. Tho other man arrested Is Toney Donio, who was found In Castro's home. Tbe police say be Is a mem ber of a "black hand" organization that has been terrorizing Seattlo Ital ians and that he Is wanted In Idaho to answer criminal charges. ODD FACTS ABOUT HEREDITY Color-Bllndness Descenda from Male to Female, or Vice Versa, De clares London Profeaaor. I-ondoo Lecturing at the Royal Institute ou "Heredity of Sex." Prof. Kateson relatea aorue curioua facts which have been discovered as a re sult of examining several generations of a family lu which colorblindness appeared. A color-bliqd woman, he said, la very rarely found and she always is a daughter of a colorblind man. He sons and daughters would be normal, her son's families would be normal, but if her daughter had sons, they would be fouud to be normal and color-bUne la equal numbers. A curious Anomaly with reference to eolor-biindness appeared la twins. They were girls, exactly alike la ap pearance, but one waa color blind and tbe other waa not. No explanation of this exception bad been found. Prof. Hateson said there Is a popular be lief that sons la certain respects took after nwtbwrs aodj slaughters after fathers. Wlthia a reasonable range, of speculation this la true, be said. ..- attsas Wmt.- Ri-'-eSa Reach. WOMAN WRITES VOTE POEM Varas May Aid Gladys Hinckley to Win Ines Mllhollsnd's Laurels; Male Imbecile Hunted. Washington. Miss Ines Milholland, you had better watch ouL Miss Gladys Hinckley. Miss Mllhor land's closest rival for the title of the most "beautiful American suffragist,' has enlisted poetry to her aid in the contest She writes it herself. It Is l Miss Gladys Hinckley. all about votes for women, and doc trines of that cause. Speaking to her sister suffragists. Miss Hinckley says: "Iream no more of a Guinevere, Or Lady Alice Vere de Vera. Times have changed, and now the women Militant rise, demanding rights. Man Is not on the defensive. For he force has, and might makes arguing for the cause, she says of the suffrage tenets: "Help the shop girls keep to honor. Change the code so badly balanced. If you think our role domestic. Let our office be domestic; Civic cleansing, gutter cleaning. Let us hust and sweep the cities. Woman's sphere can be domestlo. In politics for all the nation. Let us try. and if we blunder Help us. for you long have hurt us Chivalry of noblest order. Now can grow If men and women Stand together, understanding. PRISON FOR LAZY MOTHER London Husband Says There Is Noth ing the Mattel' With Hla Stay Abed Wife. London How to deal with a wom an who persistently stayed in bed was a problem presented to the Exeter magistrates when Margaret Wbattoy appeared on an adjourned charge of neglecting her two children. Tbe husband said that hla wife went to bed on December ZS, and ho had not seen ber up until she came to tbe court It had been suggested that be should leave her stsrve. As far aa ha knew, there waa nothing tbe matter with ber. The magistrates sent the woman to prison for tour months at bard labor, specially requesting the med'eal officer aud chaplain to look after her In tba hope that regular discipline would re store her. Dream Rsvsals Dual Marriage. New York. Cbailes Urellet, a restaurant-keeper, who asked for annul ment of his marriage on the ground that bis wife had another husband from whom she bad not been divorced, said that be knew uothlna- of t .l le'ged duplicity until he dreamed he found Wf walking In tba streets of Paris with another man wboui aha called busbaud. I' Don awakanin k quwntltued her ana ha claims she ad rnnua tne truth of the dream. rmJucUl by th VfttloMl WmniiCWM Ximn Tmpranc Uts4m. RIGHT PLACE FOR A SALOON If Wealthy and Powerful Canont En dure Presence of Dirty Grogshop) Why Should the Poorf Where Is the right place for a sa loon? Where la tbe saloon wanted? If not the fashionable, mercantile es tablishments, what other kind of business are likely to be herped by the proximity of gin mills? 1-et sosae one name them. Ia It the baker, tbe tailor, the shoemaker, the butcher, tho milliner, the bookseller? Do any. of these find it of particular advantage to their trade to have a grog-seller come and open up a shop beshle them? What surroundings are nocessary b order to justify tho opening of resort for loafers, or drunkard mills, of dens for the propagation of vice and crime? What neighborhood shall he selected for the debauching of men, for the de struction of families, for thn making nf paupers and felons? Which ts tbe worst, to open a saloon near a school or a church, or to open It next door to a home, In front of a home, over a home or under a home? What Is there that shpuld make a grogshop a stench in the nostrils of the publki on on street and a sweet-smelling savor on another? Is a saloon on Fifth ave nue calculated to do greater barm than a beer dive on Mulberry street? If the wealthy and powerful cannot endure the presence, of tho grogshop, why should It be thrust upon the poor and weak? Are the tenement dis tricts tbe homes of thoee already deep down in poverty, equator and misery the proper places to set tbe saloons? Are they needed to help men live purer lives, to make happier homes, to strengthen Uie weak, to cheer the downcast, to guide thn er ring? Who shall take upon himself the responsibility of declaring where the people shall be cursed with the presence of grogshopB and where the people shall not be cursed? These. It seems to us, are the praetlcu ques tions, and we should like to have them, answered. Aroostook Republican. WORLD RAPIDLY GOING MAD English Authority on Lunacy and Nervous Diseases Makes Start ( ling Statement on Drink. "Tbe world is rapidly going mad." says Dr. Forbes Wlnalow, an English authority on lunacy and nervous dnv. eases. "Today there Is one certl&ed lunatic in every 269 of onr population. and if the Increase In lunacy contin ues at the same rate as It has doae for the past fifty years, there will he one lunatic in every four of the popu lation by A. D. 2169. Ono quarter of the world will be mad.' , I have no pa tience with those who ascilbe this terrible condition of affairs to in creased competition, and the wear and tear of modern life. It la mere shelv ing of responsibility, aud tbe tree causes of Insanity are tbe vires, not the worries of civilization." He then gives the causes of Insanity In tbe or der In which he believes they should be placed: "First, drink; second, olg aret smoking; third, heredity," and adds, "Until the drink question has been properly dealt with . . . the no tion will continue to go from bad to worse. , ASHAMED OF THEIR BUSINESS Saloonkeeper Hss No Use of Camera to Illustrate Quality of Liquor That Hs Sells. The camera Is used for many pur poses. Pictures are taken of school children to Illustrate tbe products of the schools. Granges get their mem bers out tn a group and have them snapped so that they ran proudly dis play their membership before their friends. Farmers have pictures taken, of their cattle and horsoa. big pump kins and fine fruits. Grandfathers rejoice to be photographed with then grandchildren, business places and factories display their employees and products with pride. But did you ever see a saloonkeeper who wanted to photograph and pub lish the product of his saloon? Yoa never ssw a photo of the brokeu tuea and women displayed in a sqloon win dow, did you? Or a picture of a bright boy and a wrecked man labeled, "Be fore and After Taking Our Brand of Boose?" Msbon (Ohio) Patriot. . Water Is Powerful. Water la the strongost drink. It drives mills. It is the drink of boiwea and of lions. Samson himself never drauk anything else Charles M 8purgeon. A Distorted View. "I trust that as brewers you aM feel within you the same grateful eoa vlction 1 feel, that we are the mans stay of rational and practical temper ance." Thus said the president of the I'nited Statea Brewers' associa tion to representatives of that body la convention asaembled. And so speaking he furnishes proof of the scientific statement that one of tow effects of alcohol upon h bums a brain is to derange the whoW Intel ligence system, thus causlag a utaa to sea things as they ars vol. '