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DIVORCE III DECK
Los Angeles Plan Lowers Rec ords in Court 50 Per Cent Homes Are Not Broken Up and City Enforces Payments of Alimony, and Soon Husbands and - Wives Make Up. Los Angeles, Cal. That 50 per cent of the cases of trouble between man snd wife, which formerly would have ended in divorce and the breaking up sf a home, now end In reconciliation under the system of "divorceless" ali mony, is the--statement of Hugh C. Gibson, chief probation officer; and that a much larger percentage could be saved from divorce if a larger staff wd more means were obtainable is the opinion he advances as a result of trying this system for two years. The "divorceless" alimony consists In the payment of alimony without di vorce proceedings, and has been in effect since January 1, 1911, when it became a law that failure to provide is a felony. Before that time the only redress a woman had on this ground was divorce. Now she may apply to the courts or the . probation depart ment, if there are children, on the ground of felony and "hubby" must pay up, the alternative being the rock Pile. . And if he goes on the rock pile at $1.50 a day more than the average man makes, according to Gibson the court collects the entire amount and pays it to his wife and children. "I believe fully half our cases are aved from divorce now," said Mr. Gibson. "In a year we must average 600 cases where there is failure to provide; we easily save 250 out of that number from divorce. Unless the trouble is very real and hard e man's heart is apt to soften toward his wife and babies within a few months, and in five per cent, of the cases, within sixty or ninety days he makes overtures "of peace and effects a reconciliation; Of course we con tinue to keep supervision over the families particularly if there are children. And tometimes the peace business doesn't go, and they are back on our hands; but usually it sticks, and instead of a divorce a ruined home and children without a father, there is a happy home with everything as it should be. ' "In the last year we have handled approximately $15,000' In this divorce less alimony money. We cannot take more than sixty per cent, of a man's arnings, and we have no set ratio. The amount Is fixed in accordance not only with what he makes but with his wife's condition, the number of chil dren, and other matters affecting their needs. "Could we handle other specific di vorce charges, such as drunkenness, or 'affinities, and save fifty per cent.? I don't know about the fifty per cent., because we haven't experimented, but we certainly could prevent many cases cf divorce many cases." COST IS $300,000,000 Subway Planned for Gotham Will Rival Canal in Price. Bore by Which New York City Will Be Undermined Will Be Three Hundred and Thirty-four MilM In Length. New York. This is the story of the biggest chore ever undertaken by a city. . In writing of New York's new sub way system one may as well dip into the pot ,of snperlatives at .once. It will cost approximately $300,000,000 which is almost dollar for dollar what the actual digging of the Panama canal will cost the nation. It will be 234 miles long, cobwebbed through 816 square miles of the city's five bor oughs. The largest bond Issue ever made npon a single corporate undertaking has been financed by J. P. Morgan J. Plerporrt Morgan. this country's greatest - banker and 2S0 Invited associates, to provide for lta building and -equipment This is ' the greatest group of bankers, both' In n A V J f 1 Jt Villi ever assembled tinder a single leader ship for a private purpose. The $170, 000.000 bond Issue which . they will handle only covers a little more than sne-half speaking In milllons--of the 'total cost of the undertaking. At the , end of fifty years the new subway sys tem may pay an enormous profit to fie .city of New York or ; may hare REAL "MADONNA IN 2 - i m - y- V If mms-msss i V.-.'.v:-'. : j v.--;v.-.vw.-.' - --, v.-.x-.-.v X This newly discovered masterpiece from the brush of Raphael, called "The Madonna in the Oak Tree," was smuggled Into London from Italy, Hitherto the painting of the same subject in the Prado at Madrid has been regarded as Raphael's, but now it has been found to be the work of one of his favorite pupils. HOBOES THREW J. E. HOW OUT They Didn't Like the Millionaire Lead er's Ideas of Philanthropy A "Philosophical Anarchist." How Says. New Orleans. James Eads How of St, Louis, the self-styled "millionaire hobo leader." who first organized "the Casual, Unskilled and Migratory Workers of the World." and called the first national hobo convention, was re pudiated as a leader by the hoboes in convention here recently. How tried to inject socialism into the proceed ings and was told to get out. Tired of How and the fight between him and President Jeff Davis over the question of socialism, the hoboes broke up the convention of the "Internation al Brotherhood Welfare Association," threw How and his principles out and organized a "hobo mass meeting." How said he was not a Socialist, but merely a "philosophical anarchist," and tried to tell the delegates that Jeff Davis was himself a dyed-in-the- thrust that unfortunate municipalitv Into a deficit of $170,000,000. Both views and every sort of Intermediate view are held violently and convul sively by men of equal sincerity, intel ligence and conservatism. The only other undertaking financed by a city which comes within shouting distance of the subway plan for sheer, brazen immensity is the Catsklll wa terworks system, which New York city Is building in a modest, depre cating sort of way. so that one hard ly hears of it When this is complet ed, which will be in three years or so. its chain of reservoirs will be fed by 646 miles of water shed. The 15 by 17 foot tunnel; which will deliver 500, 000,000 gallons of water a day to New York city, will be 92 miles long. Un der Storm King and the Hudson river it will be 1,100 feet deep. For miles it will range between 700 and 800 feet below the city's doorsteps. It will cost $200,000,000 or thereabouts, and will supply the needs of the city for the next generation, just as it is hoped that the new subway can be stretched to fit the straphangers' demands for half a century. The two enterprises, forced by conditions . upon the city, will cost $500,000,000. It should be noted that New York's net funded debt is $794,949.404 as sessed against 5,000,000 people on which the annual interest is $35,473, 685. The total debt of the nation is $1,027,575,000, on which : Interest amounting only to $22,787,000 is paid, and which is shared by 96.000.000 peo ple. v . . . ; - :, . Superlatives seem to be Justified. : The present , subway was built to carry 400.000 people daily. It is carry ing two and one-half times that num ber, thanks to the straphanging genius of the New Yorker. - -MORMON SHAFT FOR SEAGULL . - ' - rr Brlgham Young's Scion Plans Me morial to Sacred Bird of Sect ; Exterminated Grasshoppers. ; New York. It Is learned that Ma horri Young, a grandson of Brlgham Young, leader of the Mormon church, is at work In this city modeling a unique monument to the seaguIL This bird Is sacred to the' Mormons because It saved the first immigrants to Utah from a trtasne-of sxasshODnere. It la said that the monument which will be i carved, will cost $40,000. It will be placed in the grounds of the Mormon temple at Salt Lake City. With eucb THE OAK TREE" 1 i ' -XT? V':V--: wool Socialist. The hoboes, however howled How down and stood by Davis "Down with How and his postag stamp philanthropy, he has never glv en us any of his mythical millions, shouted Davis, and the hoboes yelled "This ain't no political hot air gang. shouted one of the delegates, "and wi ain't going to let you fellows spoil oui convention." President Davis said the convention had been called to consider the wel fare of the "boys who are up agalnsi it," and he did not believe they shoulc be "forced to listen to a lot of ro about socialism from those who hav axes to grind." After appropriating one dollar foi the purchase of tobacco for hoboes in jail here the convention adjourned ta meet in the open air on the rivei front the following afternoon. Raise Price on Saturdays. Pittsburg. Pittsburg- barbers will hereafter charge the man ten centi extra who waits until Saturday to gel a hair cut a. costly monument the seagull , ap parently has a greater tribute of thit kind paid it than any other bird. At the base of the monument one side is :o be devoted to an inscrip tion and the remaining three will hav iow relief sculptures depicting the ar rival of the Mormons in TJtah, the sav ing of their first crop by the seagulli and the first harvest SAYS CONGRESS IS HON ESI Victor Berger, Socialist Represents ' tlve, However, Asserts Only Cap italists Are Represented. . New York. "I have lived among th congressmen long enough to know them. There may be crooks In th house of representatives, but there are very few of them. The great ma jority are honest men, representing their class the capitalist class. The only trouble is they won't admit there - Victor, Berger. ... , is any other da as." Congressman Vic tor Berger, the Socialist representa tive from Wisconsin, who is about to retire from the house, made this state ment in addressing an audience at the People's ' Forum In Brooklyn. ," Berger praised Taft as a well-meaning man. "born with. a gold spoon " in his mouth." ' . - - . "-' High Living Cost ' Hits .Theaters. Ijondon. Theatrical managers here propose soon to advance the price of the best theater tickets from $2.50 to $3 each because of the hfgh . cost o. living. ' : . YELLOW SHADES Costumes of That Color Just Now , Most Popular in Paris. Soft Materials Have the Widest Vogue in the Gay Capital Pro nounced Effects Put Foryvard by Leading Modistes. P aji is. veiour ae laine, mai soix, silky woolen tissue that arrived in the autumn and was so popu lar till satins and silks usurped its place . later, lias now reappeared and will-close the present season for winter costumes. The veiour de laine and drap de laine are both immensely popular, the former thicker and softer than the latter, which is very like satin-faced cloth. . Both are amenable to draping and both are becoming because of the soft surfaced All colors look well in these materials, . and those in Bor deaux and yellows- are adorable. The popularity of yellows is really astonish ing. Every piece of stuff seems a shade different. All are seductive save the sulphur; and in satin, and worn by a black-haired woman, even, this is not without virtue. Citron is a shade that will go into early spring, also suede. Such tones as chalk, putty and oyster have been modish a long time, but they may be continued through another season, since tbo fashion dealers appear to have exhausted the whole range of colors. Black was their refuge three years ago, but now with the. black are colors, and, without doubt the dyers are in despair. But they have never been found wanting and probably shades to be shown next month will differ only slightly from those we have been seeing. Pronounced Styles Favored. The latest styles show dresses with a plain tunic in front and a draped back, or vice versa. The draping is flat and does not look at all out of place in front: Just so it cuts the figure bias, or straight up and down, that is all that is necessary. I was told today that all the dressy after noon costumes of satin or silk for spring would have the little train like that of the evening dress this winter. The idea Is pretty and extremely graceful, but it is impractical in a frock if one thinks of wearing it on the street. Apropos of spring fabrics, crepe de chine, after a long absence, will re turn. The material is soft and cling ing, qualities so suited to the modes of the moment that it is a wonder the couturiers have not called it into service before this. Taffetas will not be fashionable, although it does show wonderful effects in colors. But it does not in the least drape prettily, and .even the most supple quality has a way of standing out from the figure. A brown yellow, that is beautiful In any material, is that of Oriental to bacco, a rich, brilliant dye that ar rived during the winter. It is of course much lighter ttian Havana brown, yet has the same general tone. This is nothing more than a soft, deep gold, something like old-fashioned tan, yet with more yellow.' The Oriental tobacco is auperb In velvet also in satin and in crepe -de chine. It does not take well with other combinations of colors. I saw a dress yesterday of satin that shade, trimmed in little buttons of the same. At the neck, to cover a pointed fichu effect that was too decollette, a plain piece of white mousellae was put across. At the belt ;wa3 a big rose - with dark green .foliage. 'Any other combina tion would have spoilt the yellow, I am sure. Black Coats Over Light Satin. Since Christmas nothing has seemed handsomer than costumes of light sat ins, with a half-long coat of black plush or fur.... The jackets In brocade, made. Russian blouse, are handsome, and any afternoon between six and seven o'clock one sees an army of such, costumes on the Rue de la Paix. Women have finished tea and before taking their autos they promenade up and down the famous street either to look in the windows or to view the elegant crowd that is also promenad ing. Fashionably, gowned women make fa practice of circulating here at this hour. They simply walk up and down the length of the few blocks which constitute the most famous shopping quarter in the world. When one has made the "tour" three or four times, the hour has passed. Anyway, one has seen every one else in the parade and there is no use staying longer. I am told that the very simple ef fect of blouses and corsages will be modified and that embroidery will be used. Not much, but enough to make a change and have things loo new. The Grecian effects will - be repeated both in afternoon and evening gowns, which means - that drapery will be used as much as ever. Where draping Is not employed, tiny knife plaits will run straight up and down in the cen ter of the back and front Sometimes even with these plaits drapery will fall to at least one side. Corseted as the. fashionable woman is, the design-1 er may now loop goods on her form to his heart's content and this he surely will continue to da -Small - Toques and Hats. The little toque and round hat suits well, the; Botticelli . mode 'of dressing the . hair. Never- were ; effects so flat and never was less false hair used. The smaller tho head the better. The only thing some women use Js a roll to pose at the back of the head and on this to plaoa their hair, the ends of which are turned In. At this place some kind of a barette is fastened to cover the spot where a few stray hairs always show. The mass of hair is marcelled once a fortnight or so. and if there be not too many ' EhorJ nairs me enect wm De neat; While extreme simplicity is followed in regard to the hair, this very essen tial is difficult to attain. It is like the' very plain dresses that take a master hand to cut and finish. Care and patience are essential to the novice who tries to coif herself, but the hair can be trained like anything else, and after a few times it will be gin to yield returns. All about the temples and forehead must be cov ered, and yet quite enough space left about the eyebrows to show their shape and the color of the skin round them. The fashionable woman cov ers her ears under the tress . that is brought squarely across them. Setting Off the Low Forehead. ' Everything seems to incline , to the low forehead, and for a woman .who has not such, this is easily secured by bringing the hair over the forehead and fastening It there with an invisible pin. When the hair is caught back in the chignon, the front looks quite nat ural. Everything Is possible in fash Ions of hair dressing, and perhaps in a few years the high forehead ed beau ty may arrive. Such a fancy was followed a century ago, originated by a leader at court who was afflicted with a forehead that extended several inches above her nose. In order to flatter and please the dame, all the court beauties had their hair slaved over the forehead, and history says that people began to like the result so "well that for a decade or so the high forehead was the thing. No one can oppose the artist who declares that a low forehead is a mark of beauty, but such a thing has Its limitations, and a forehead must be broad and the hair grow a certain way in order to be dainty. Coiffeurs In Paris know that their clients wish to appear young and coquettish, hence, mm - ''i s: the return to the very low forehead. The hair worn near the eyebrows has a way of mercifully concealing the ravages of time, also that brought over the temples and around the ears. So women of middle age and those passing beyond have fashion's dictates to thank for helping to keep them comparatively young and fresh. The Afternoon Dress. The effective dress pictured is in Gobelin blue fine cloth. The skirt is plain at back, and has curved wrapped seams at front that He over a plain piece of material at lower part; buttons form trimming. The bodice has a vest of piece lace, over which from just above bust to waiBt pieces of material braided at edge, form an over-vest The long sleeves are wide above el bow, then are drawn in to fit tightly below elbow, where they are trimmed with black buttons; the collar of black satin forms a square at back, then is carried down in narrow ends to waist each side front Waist-band of black satin, with one fringed end falling at left side. : New Ideas In Sleeves. It is in the sleeves that radical changes may be expected this spring. Ever since the kimono sleeve began to lose caste the designers have tit tempted to introduce1 all sorts of new ideaii into sleeves. -But' there Is the satisfaction that it has brought into prominence sleeves .of so many types that it is possible for every woman to select becoming ones. The low shoulder seam, so well received the earlier part of . this winter, retains the popular feature of the kimono sleeve. The enlarged armhole.is likewise an easy transition for the devotees of the kimono,. On the newest gowns the armhola has , shrunk to . its normal proportions, and the novelty lies in the arrangement of the fulneBs of the sleeve. Fight as .women may against fulness in the sleeves fashion seems to. favor it, and it Is sure to come if the signs In the fashion world are read correctly. . ' V 9 I l i liit mm mmtmmi4 i m i Modes w Sit tmm 1 1 1 Willi imiljHWKa o ajeaaB I am not one of those who pray For every blessinp earth can yield; My wishes are but few. and they Are far too fair to be concealed; I do not wish for boundless wealth; A competence would give me joy; I have a modest wish for health. And for the glad heart of a boy. I wish to live In pc.-rfe somewhere. Secure from turmoil and from strife, A lady who Is young and fair And sweet and patient for my wife; I wish to have It fashioned so That I may work or b- at ease, With liberty to come or go When and however I may pleasa. I do not wish to rule or sway Where men contend for leadership; I would not be a Morgan, say. With all things resting in my grip; I do not wish to drag men down That I may loom above the crowd; I merely wish for such renown As might make any good man proud, My wishes are but few, you see. And very modest ones, withal; I am not longing selfishly To run things on this mundane ball: Good health, a beauty for my wife. Ten thousand yearly guaranteed Peace, honor, freedom and long life. And I shall be content, indeed. Popular Indeed. "I just met a peculiar old chap, i should judge that he mart be at least eighty years of age, ano he told that he had lived in Illinois for over 60 years." "There's nothing so peculiar about that" "But he doesn't claim to have heard the Lincoln-Douglas debates." True to History. "It has been established that Cleo patra was of true Greek lineage, hence there is no reason to suppose that she was either black-eyed or dark skinned." "Then that may account for it." "For what?" "For the fact that I once saw a very bleached blonde play the part of Cleopatra on the stage." What It Was. "How," asked Mrs. Oldcastle. "did you like the etude which Miss Gazza fcam played at the musicale yesterday afternoon ?" "Was that what it was?" replied her hostess, as she playfully juggled a paper-knife set with rubies, ' I thought it was some kind of an extra-sized fiddle." His Trouble. "Why is young Scribblerson carry ing his arm in a sling?" "Sh-sh. Don't let him hear you. He's trying to make people believe that he has writer's cramp from ac commodating applicants for his auto graph." Wronged. "How versatile ' your son Is," said Mrs. Oldcastle. "Oh, no, he alnt at all," replied her hostess in sudden alarm, "he never wrote a verse in his life. Both me and h)s pa expected him to be a busi ness tnan." Information at Hand. "Pa, what was the age of bronze?" r "I don't remember just which one It was, but if you wish to know any thing about the age of steal there are several magazines oh the shelf that will tell you all about it." Another Possibility. "They say the duke has a fortune in his own right" " ... "PerhapB, then, he wants an Amer ican father-in-law who will be able to manage it for' him." Always. When a man asks to listen to rea son he at once begins to be unreas onable. Equality. r . All men are equal until they get their first clothes on., Requires No Press Agent Virtue should be Its own adtertlM" ment. 1 '