DIVORCE III DECK
Los Angeles Plan Lowers Rec
ords in Court 50 Per Cent
Homes Are Not Broken Up and City
Enforces Payments of Alimony,
and Soon Husbands and -
Wives Make Up.
Los Angeles, Cal. That 50 per cent
of the cases of trouble between man
snd wife, which formerly would have
ended in divorce and the breaking up
sf a home, now end In reconciliation
under the system of "divorceless" ali
mony, is the--statement of Hugh C.
Gibson, chief probation officer; and
that a much larger percentage could
be saved from divorce if a larger staff
wd more means were obtainable is
the opinion he advances as a result
of trying this system for two years.
The "divorceless" alimony consists
In the payment of alimony without di
vorce proceedings, and has been in
effect since January 1, 1911, when it
became a law that failure to provide
is a felony. Before that time the only
redress a woman had on this ground
was divorce. Now she may apply to
the courts or the . probation depart
ment, if there are children, on the
ground of felony and "hubby" must
pay up, the alternative being the rock
And if he goes on the rock pile at
$1.50 a day more than the average
man makes, according to Gibson the
court collects the entire amount and
pays it to his wife and children.
"I believe fully half our cases are
aved from divorce now," said Mr.
Gibson. "In a year we must average
600 cases where there is failure to
provide; we easily save 250 out of
that number from divorce. Unless
the trouble is very real and hard
e man's heart is apt to soften toward
his wife and babies within a few
months, and in five per cent, of the
cases, within sixty or ninety days he
makes overtures "of peace and effects
a reconciliation; Of course we con
tinue to keep supervision over the
families particularly if there are
children. And tometimes the peace
business doesn't go, and they are back
on our hands; but usually it sticks,
and instead of a divorce a ruined home
and children without a father, there is
a happy home with everything as it
should be. '
"In the last year we have handled
approximately $15,000' In this divorce
less alimony money. We cannot take
more than sixty per cent, of a man's
arnings, and we have no set ratio.
The amount Is fixed in accordance not
only with what he makes but with his
wife's condition, the number of chil
dren, and other matters affecting their
"Could we handle other specific di
vorce charges, such as drunkenness,
or 'affinities, and save fifty per cent.?
I don't know about the fifty per cent.,
because we haven't experimented, but
we certainly could prevent many cases
cf divorce many cases."
COST IS $300,000,000
Subway Planned for Gotham Will
Rival Canal in Price.
Bore by Which New York City Will
Be Undermined Will Be Three
Hundred and Thirty-four
MilM In Length.
New York. This is the story of the
biggest chore ever undertaken by a
In writing of New York's new sub
way system one may as well dip into
the pot ,of snperlatives at .once. It
will cost approximately $300,000,000
which is almost dollar for dollar what
the actual digging of the Panama
canal will cost the nation. It will be
234 miles long, cobwebbed through
816 square miles of the city's five bor
oughs. The largest bond Issue ever made
npon a single corporate undertaking
has been financed by J. P. Morgan
J. Plerporrt Morgan.
this country's greatest - banker and
2S0 Invited associates, to provide for
lta building and -equipment This is
' the greatest group of bankers, both' In
n A V J f 1 Jt Villi
ever assembled tinder a single leader
ship for a private purpose. The $170,
000.000 bond Issue which . they will
handle only covers a little more than
sne-half speaking In milllons--of the
'total cost of the undertaking. At the
, end of fifty years the new subway sys
tem may pay an enormous profit to
fie .city of New York or ; may hare
REAL "MADONNA IN
2 - i
- y- V
V.-.'.v:-'. : j v.--;v.-.vw.-.' - --, v.-.x-.-.v
This newly discovered masterpiece from the brush of Raphael, called
"The Madonna in the Oak Tree," was smuggled Into London from Italy,
Hitherto the painting of the same subject in the Prado at Madrid has been
regarded as Raphael's, but now it has been found to be the work of one of
his favorite pupils.
HOBOES THREW J. E. HOW OUT
They Didn't Like the Millionaire Lead
er's Ideas of Philanthropy A
New Orleans. James Eads How of
St, Louis, the self-styled "millionaire
hobo leader." who first organized "the
Casual, Unskilled and Migratory
Workers of the World." and called the
first national hobo convention, was re
pudiated as a leader by the hoboes in
convention here recently. How tried
to inject socialism into the proceed
ings and was told to get out.
Tired of How and the fight between
him and President Jeff Davis over the
question of socialism, the hoboes broke
up the convention of the "Internation
al Brotherhood Welfare Association,"
threw How and his principles out and
organized a "hobo mass meeting."
How said he was not a Socialist, but
merely a "philosophical anarchist,"
and tried to tell the delegates that
Jeff Davis was himself a dyed-in-the-
thrust that unfortunate municipalitv
Into a deficit of $170,000,000. Both
views and every sort of Intermediate
view are held violently and convul
sively by men of equal sincerity, intel
ligence and conservatism.
The only other undertaking financed
by a city which comes within shouting
distance of the subway plan for sheer,
brazen immensity is the Catsklll wa
terworks system, which New York
city Is building in a modest, depre
cating sort of way. so that one hard
ly hears of it When this is complet
ed, which will be in three years or so.
its chain of reservoirs will be fed by
646 miles of water shed. The 15 by
17 foot tunnel; which will deliver 500,
000,000 gallons of water a day to New
York city, will be 92 miles long. Un
der Storm King and the Hudson river
it will be 1,100 feet deep. For miles
it will range between 700 and 800 feet
below the city's doorsteps. It will
cost $200,000,000 or thereabouts, and
will supply the needs of the city for the
next generation, just as it is hoped
that the new subway can be stretched
to fit the straphangers' demands for
half a century. The two enterprises,
forced by conditions . upon the city,
will cost $500,000,000.
It should be noted that New York's
net funded debt is $794,949.404 as
sessed against 5,000,000 people on
which the annual interest is $35,473,
685. The total debt of the nation is
$1,027,575,000, on which : Interest
amounting only to $22,787,000 is paid,
and which is shared by 96.000.000 peo
ple. v . . . ; - :, .
Superlatives seem to be Justified. :
The present , subway was built to
carry 400.000 people daily. It is carry
ing two and one-half times that num
ber, thanks to the straphanging genius
of the New Yorker. -
-MORMON SHAFT FOR SEAGULL
. - ' - rr
Brlgham Young's Scion Plans Me
morial to Sacred Bird of Sect ;
Exterminated Grasshoppers. ;
New York. It Is learned that Ma
horri Young, a grandson of Brlgham
Young, leader of the Mormon church,
is at work In this city modeling a
unique monument to the seaguIL This
bird Is sacred to the' Mormons because
It saved the first immigrants to Utah
from a trtasne-of sxasshODnere. It la
said that the monument which will be i
carved, will cost $40,000. It will be
placed in the grounds of the Mormon
temple at Salt Lake City. With eucb
THE OAK TREE"
' -XT? V':V--:
wool Socialist. The hoboes, however
howled How down and stood by Davis
"Down with How and his postag
stamp philanthropy, he has never glv
en us any of his mythical millions,
shouted Davis, and the hoboes yelled
"This ain't no political hot air gang.
shouted one of the delegates, "and wi
ain't going to let you fellows spoil oui
President Davis said the convention
had been called to consider the wel
fare of the "boys who are up agalnsi
it," and he did not believe they shoulc
be "forced to listen to a lot of ro
about socialism from those who hav
axes to grind."
After appropriating one dollar foi
the purchase of tobacco for hoboes in
jail here the convention adjourned ta
meet in the open air on the rivei
front the following afternoon.
Raise Price on Saturdays.
Pittsburg. Pittsburg- barbers will
hereafter charge the man ten centi
extra who waits until Saturday to gel
a hair cut
a. costly monument the seagull , ap
parently has a greater tribute of thit
kind paid it than any other bird.
At the base of the monument one
side is :o be devoted to an inscrip
tion and the remaining three will hav
iow relief sculptures depicting the ar
rival of the Mormons in TJtah, the sav
ing of their first crop by the seagulli
and the first harvest
SAYS CONGRESS IS HON ESI
Victor Berger, Socialist Represents
' tlve, However, Asserts Only Cap
italists Are Represented. .
New York. "I have lived among th
congressmen long enough to know
them. There may be crooks In th
house of representatives, but there
are very few of them. The great ma
jority are honest men, representing
their class the capitalist class. The
only trouble is they won't admit there
- Victor, Berger. ... ,
is any other da as." Congressman Vic
tor Berger, the Socialist representa
tive from Wisconsin, who is about to
retire from the house, made this state
ment in addressing an audience at the
People's ' Forum In Brooklyn. ," Berger
praised Taft as a well-meaning man.
"born with. a gold spoon " in his
mouth." ' . - - . "-'
High Living Cost ' Hits .Theaters.
Ijondon. Theatrical managers here
propose soon to advance the price of
the best theater tickets from $2.50 to
$3 each because of the hfgh . cost o.
living. ' : .
Costumes of That Color Just Now
, Most Popular in Paris.
Soft Materials Have the Widest
Vogue in the Gay Capital Pro
nounced Effects Put Foryvard
by Leading Modistes.
P aji is. veiour ae laine, mai soix,
silky woolen tissue that arrived
in the autumn and was so popu
lar till satins and silks usurped
its place . later, lias now reappeared
and will-close the present season for
The veiour de laine and drap de
laine are both immensely popular, the
former thicker and softer than the
latter, which is very like satin-faced
cloth. . Both are amenable to draping
and both are becoming because of the
soft surfaced All colors look well in
these materials, . and those in Bor
deaux and yellows- are adorable. The
popularity of yellows is really astonish
ing. Every piece of stuff seems a
shade different. All are seductive
save the sulphur; and in satin, and
worn by a black-haired woman, even,
this is not without virtue.
Citron is a shade that will go into
early spring, also suede. Such tones
as chalk, putty and oyster have been
modish a long time, but they may be
continued through another season,
since tbo fashion dealers appear to
have exhausted the whole range of
colors. Black was their refuge three
years ago, but now with the. black are
colors, and, without doubt the dyers
are in despair. But they have never
been found wanting and probably
shades to be shown next month will
differ only slightly from those we
have been seeing.
Pronounced Styles Favored.
The latest styles show dresses with
a plain tunic in front and a draped
back, or vice versa. The draping is
flat and does not look at all out of
place in front: Just so it cuts the
figure bias, or straight up and down,
that is all that is necessary. I was
told today that all the dressy after
noon costumes of satin or silk for
spring would have the little train like
that of the evening dress this winter.
The idea Is pretty and extremely
graceful, but it is impractical in a
frock if one thinks of wearing it on
Apropos of spring fabrics, crepe de
chine, after a long absence, will re
turn. The material is soft and cling
ing, qualities so suited to the modes
of the moment that it is a wonder
the couturiers have not called it into
service before this. Taffetas will not
be fashionable, although it does show
wonderful effects in colors. But it
does not in the least drape prettily,
and .even the most supple quality has
a way of standing out from the figure.
A brown yellow, that is beautiful In
any material, is that of Oriental to
bacco, a rich, brilliant dye that ar
rived during the winter. It is of
course much lighter ttian Havana
brown, yet has the same general tone.
This is nothing more than a soft, deep
gold, something like old-fashioned tan,
yet with more yellow.' The Oriental
tobacco is auperb In velvet also in
satin and in crepe -de chine. It does
not take well with other combinations
of colors. I saw a dress yesterday of
satin that shade, trimmed in little
buttons of the same. At the neck,
to cover a pointed fichu effect that
was too decollette, a plain piece of
white mousellae was put across. At
the belt ;wa3 a big rose - with dark
green .foliage. 'Any other combina
tion would have spoilt the yellow, I
Black Coats Over Light Satin.
Since Christmas nothing has seemed
handsomer than costumes of light sat
ins, with a half-long coat of black
plush or fur.... The jackets In brocade,
made. Russian blouse, are handsome,
and any afternoon between six and
seven o'clock one sees an army of
such, costumes on the Rue de la Paix.
Women have finished tea and before
taking their autos they promenade up
and down the famous street either to
look in the windows or to view the
elegant crowd that is also promenad
ing. Fashionably, gowned women make
fa practice of circulating here at this
hour. They simply walk up and down
the length of the few blocks which
constitute the most famous shopping
quarter in the world. When one has
made the "tour" three or four times,
the hour has passed. Anyway, one
has seen every one else in the parade
and there is no use staying longer.
I am told that the very simple ef
fect of blouses and corsages will be
modified and that embroidery will be
used. Not much, but enough to make
a change and have things loo new.
The Grecian effects will - be repeated
both in afternoon and evening gowns,
which means - that drapery will be
used as much as ever. Where draping
Is not employed, tiny knife plaits will
run straight up and down in the cen
ter of the back and front Sometimes
even with these plaits drapery will
fall to at least one side. Corseted as
the. fashionable woman is, the design-1
er may now loop goods on her form
to his heart's content and this he
surely will continue to da -Small
- Toques and Hats.
The little toque and round hat suits
well, the; Botticelli . mode 'of dressing
the . hair. Never- were ; effects so flat
and never was less false hair used.
The smaller tho head the better. The
only thing some women use Js a roll
to pose at the back of the head and
on this to plaoa their hair, the ends
of which are turned In. At this place
some kind of a barette is fastened to
cover the spot where a few stray
hairs always show. The mass of hair
is marcelled once a fortnight or so.
and if there be not too many ' EhorJ
nairs me enect wm De neat;
While extreme simplicity is followed
in regard to the hair, this very essen
tial is difficult to attain. It is like
the' very plain dresses that take a
master hand to cut and finish. Care
and patience are essential to the
novice who tries to coif herself, but
the hair can be trained like anything
else, and after a few times it will be
gin to yield returns. All about the
temples and forehead must be cov
ered, and yet quite enough space left
about the eyebrows to show their
shape and the color of the skin round
them. The fashionable woman cov
ers her ears under the tress . that is
brought squarely across them.
Setting Off the Low Forehead. '
Everything seems to incline , to the
low forehead, and for a woman .who
has not such, this is easily secured by
bringing the hair over the forehead
and fastening It there with an invisible
pin. When the hair is caught back in
the chignon, the front looks quite nat
ural. Everything Is possible in fash
Ions of hair dressing, and perhaps in
a few years the high forehead ed beau
ty may arrive. Such a fancy was
followed a century ago, originated by
a leader at court who was afflicted
with a forehead that extended several
inches above her nose. In order to
flatter and please the dame, all the
court beauties had their hair slaved
over the forehead, and history says
that people began to like the result
so "well that for a decade or so the
high forehead was the thing.
No one can oppose the artist who
declares that a low forehead is a
mark of beauty, but such a thing has
Its limitations, and a forehead must
be broad and the hair grow a certain
way in order to be dainty. Coiffeurs
In Paris know that their clients wish
to appear young and coquettish, hence,
mm - ''i s:
the return to the very low forehead.
The hair worn near the eyebrows has
a way of mercifully concealing the
ravages of time, also that brought
over the temples and around the ears.
So women of middle age and those
passing beyond have fashion's dictates
to thank for helping to keep them
comparatively young and fresh.
The Afternoon Dress.
The effective dress pictured is in
Gobelin blue fine cloth. The skirt is
plain at back, and has curved
wrapped seams at front that He over
a plain piece of material at lower
part; buttons form trimming.
The bodice has a vest of piece lace,
over which from just above bust to
waiBt pieces of material braided at
edge, form an over-vest
The long sleeves are wide above el
bow, then are drawn in to fit tightly
below elbow, where they are trimmed
with black buttons; the collar of black
satin forms a square at back, then is
carried down in narrow ends to waist
each side front Waist-band of black
satin, with one fringed end falling at
: New Ideas In Sleeves.
It is in the sleeves that radical
changes may be expected this spring.
Ever since the kimono sleeve began
to lose caste the designers have tit
tempted to introduce1 all sorts of new
ideaii into sleeves. -But' there Is the
satisfaction that it has brought into
prominence sleeves .of so many types
that it is possible for every woman
to select becoming ones. The low
shoulder seam, so well received the
earlier part of . this winter, retains the
popular feature of the kimono sleeve.
The enlarged armhole.is likewise an
easy transition for the devotees of the
kimono,. On the newest gowns the
armhola has , shrunk to . its normal
proportions, and the novelty lies in
the arrangement of the fulneBs of the
sleeve. Fight as .women may against
fulness in the sleeves fashion seems
to. favor it, and it Is sure to come if
the signs In the fashion world are
read correctly. . '
V 9 I l i
tmm 1 1 1 Willi imiljHWKa o ajeaaB
I am not one of those who pray
For every blessinp earth can yield;
My wishes are but few. and they
Are far too fair to be concealed;
I do not wish for boundless wealth;
A competence would give me joy;
I have a modest wish for health.
And for the glad heart of a boy.
I wish to live In pc.-rfe somewhere.
Secure from turmoil and from strife,
A lady who Is young and fair
And sweet and patient for my wife;
I wish to have It fashioned so
That I may work or b- at ease,
With liberty to come or go
When and however I may pleasa.
I do not wish to rule or sway
Where men contend for leadership;
I would not be a Morgan, say.
With all things resting in my grip;
I do not wish to drag men down
That I may loom above the crowd;
I merely wish for such renown
As might make any good man proud,
My wishes are but few, you see.
And very modest ones, withal;
I am not longing selfishly
To run things on this mundane ball:
Good health, a beauty for my wife.
Ten thousand yearly guaranteed
Peace, honor, freedom and long life.
And I shall be content, indeed.
"I just met a peculiar old chap, i
should judge that he mart be at least
eighty years of age, ano he told
that he had lived in Illinois for over
"There's nothing so peculiar about
"But he doesn't claim to have heard
the Lincoln-Douglas debates."
True to History.
"It has been established that Cleo
patra was of true Greek lineage, hence
there is no reason to suppose that
she was either black-eyed or dark
skinned." "Then that may account for it."
"For the fact that I once saw a
very bleached blonde play the part
of Cleopatra on the stage."
What It Was.
"How," asked Mrs. Oldcastle. "did
you like the etude which Miss Gazza
fcam played at the musicale yesterday
"Was that what it was?" replied her
hostess, as she playfully juggled a paper-knife
set with rubies, ' I thought
it was some kind of an extra-sized
"Why is young Scribblerson carry
ing his arm in a sling?"
"Sh-sh. Don't let him hear you.
He's trying to make people believe
that he has writer's cramp from ac
commodating applicants for his auto
"How versatile ' your son Is," said
"Oh, no, he alnt at all," replied her
hostess in sudden alarm, "he never
wrote a verse in his life. Both me
and h)s pa expected him to be a busi
Information at Hand.
"Pa, what was the age of bronze?"
r "I don't remember just which one
It was, but if you wish to know any
thing about the age of steal there are
several magazines oh the shelf that
will tell you all about it."
"They say the duke has a fortune in
his own right" " ...
"PerhapB, then, he wants an Amer
ican father-in-law who will be able to
manage it for' him."
When a man asks to listen to rea
son he at once begins to be unreas
onable. Equality. r
. All men are equal until they get
their first clothes on.,
Requires No Press Agent
Virtue should be Its own adtertlM"
ment. 1 '
xml | txt