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THE WISDOM OF
DADDY CROW By CALEB B. WHITFORD. A very wise old crow that lived ia tbe north with hla big tribe found the winters were too severe for him so he concluded to take the crowa, over which he ruled, and migrate to a more aouthera country where It was not ao cold. But when he called tho crowa together to advise them of his decision to take them to a warmer climate they made some objections to going to a new country. "We are doing very well here," said young Jimmy Crow. "You must not forget," anawercd the old crow, "that I am a very wise bird. I have lived here a great many years and have taught most of you all you know about getting your liv ing and keeping out of trouble. I want to continue to help you. Per haps you had better put Jimmy Crow at the head of tHe community and de pose me. I've noticed lately that he profesaea to have a wonderful lot of wisdom for a young crow." "I'm going to follow Daddy," aaid little Billy Crow. "Of course I'm a liltle crippled crow and don't pretend to be very smart, but I know enough to follow a wine old leader like Daddy. If we don't like the country he wants to take ui to, I'm sure he will bring uh back." After . some wrangling to which Jimmy Crow made himself very con spicuous, it was finally decided to fol low Daddy Crow south. It was a long hard Journey, and when their destina tion was reached the crows were poor in flesh, hungry and very much out of humor with Old Daddy Crow. Jimmy Crow did all he could to stir up trouble and Anally succeeded In persuading all the crows but little Daddy Crow Provides a Clam Supper. Billy that he waa a much wiser crow 'than Daddy Crow and should, be given the leadership. "Here we are," he said, "a long wax from home, unable to find anything to eat but rank seaweed. We ought to punish Daddy Crow tor taking us away from home, then we should re turn." All the hungry crowa favored Jim my Crow's plan except little lame Billy. This was what Jimmy Crow desired. He knew he could not very well carry out bis ambitious scheme to rule ao long as wise old Daddy Crow lived. He was therefore- very happy when it wss decided to find Daddy Crow the next day and put him to death. Little lame Billy alipped quietly away from the noisy couucil to find Daddy Crow and tell him the awful news. He aeut straight to the thick edar swamp where the wiae old crow bad chosen bis hiding place. Not finding him he concluded to wait until he returned. Poor old Daddy Crow was very downhearted, not so much-because of his. own Buffering but rather fur the suffering of his tripe- aad the Ingratitude they show-, ed him. He found a quiet place on the seashore, where be tried to think of some way out of his difficulty. As he paced back and forth along . the muddy shore an old soft-shot! 'dam, a little below the surface, was annoyed at the tramping over' bis bead, and finally concluded to go to the surface and see who It waa waft ing on the top of his bed. Just as be stuck 'bis bead up Daddy Crow set his foot fairly In his open mouth! Quick aa a flash the clam closed Ms shell I As he did so Daddy Cre w squawked and leaped Into the air. dragging the clam out of the mid with blui! Instantly he seised the clam with the free foot and tried to puli hint loose from the other foot? Although the clam had a tight gitp en Daddy Crow's foot,- he was not causing bliu any pain; but Daddy Crow was awfully frightened., lie flew away aa fast aa bia wings would carry him, tugging with all bis wight with one foot to 'release the otnvr from the grip of the clam. As ae Touted a big road the clam loossrt his bold. Daddy Crow was glad to bo rid of blm, ao be let go with the otPx. foot and dowa went the clam to smash oa tha hard road! As sooa Daddy Crow got . over his fright he flew back to the road and dropped down to look at the creature that had scared him nearly out of his semes. He walked around the broken elatfi several times, then going quite close to him he stuck hla bill out and pecked at the meat. He found It so delicious he walked boldly up and devoured the last morsel of It and then stepped bsck with a satisfied look, congratulating himself on bis extreme good fortune. "That la the sweetest meal I ever had In all my life," he aald. "I feel like a new creature. But poor little lame Billy! I was so hungry I for got all about him. But never mind, little Billy shall have Just. a rood a meal aa I have had," and away he flew to the shore to catch another clam. Very soon he returned and hovered over the road with a clam In his claws. In a little while the clam was dropped and lay broken In tho mad. Then Daddy Crow went to his roost In the cedar awamp, where he found little lame Billy waiting for him. "My! My!" was little Billy's greet ing. "You look so bright and cheer ful and your craw sticks out ao I suspect you have found something good to eat! But I've got bad news for you." "Never mind the bad news! I've got good newa! What would you say if you were given the most delicious meal you ever ate In your life?" "Tell me about it!" said llttlo lame Billy. "I'm nearly starved!" "Come with me," was all Daddy Crow said, and away they flew to the amashed clam, In the road. And what a meal little lame Billy had, to be sure! He declared he had never tasted food so delicious. Then he told Daddy about the dissatisfied crows and their decision to put him out of the way and return to thir old home. "We'll see about that." said Daddy Crow. "You go back and tell them I'm coming over to see them. Take a little piece of that clam with you, and strut, about right In front of Jimmy Crow. Stick out your craw ao he can see how full it la, and then let him taste the little bit you have In your bill." Little lame Billy went back to the crows and told them about the good meal Daddy Crow had furniabed htm. Then he let Jimmy Crow have the lit tle taste of clam he brought with him. Before 'he had got through talking about the dellghta of a clam dinner Daddy Crow put In an appearance, his big full craw pushed out to ex cite the euvy of the dissatisfied crows. All the crowa except Jimmy Crow were loud In their protestatioua of loyalty, and begged him to tell thorn how to get a good clam supper. "Why don't you ask Jimmy Crow to get some supper for you. I've been finding aomething to eat for you for many yeara. Let him take care of you and I'll look out for little la mo Billy and myself." : But they begged him so hard to do something for them he finally prom ised to give them all a clam break fast. "Oh, Daddy!" they exclaimed, "let's have some clams for supper! We are ao hungry we can hardly wait until morning." . "No." aaid Daddy Crow. "The wise young Jimmy Crow will find you a supper. At sunrise all of you come over to the big road and ait on the fence. I'll be there and see to It that you get a splendid breakfast and aome good advice. Come, llttlo Billy, let'a go to our roost." Long before sunrise Daddy 'Crow and little lame Billy Crow were at the ahore gathering clams for the big feast. Little Billy soon learned the trick of catching the clama and taking them away to be dropped In the big bard road. Old Daddy Crow wundered away from the soft-shell clam bed and found plenty of hard shell clama on the Band where the tide bad receded. These he picked up aud dropped In the big road. Tbe aun was not all above the hor Ixon when the big flock of crows perched on the fence, waiting for Daddy Crow to Invite them to the feast of clams. Daddy paced up and down the road In front of the crows, lecturing them on their want of loy alty and for allowing a young, ambi tious crow to turn their heads. Then, after promises for tbelr future be havior, he said: "AH of you may now come down except Jimmy Crow, and eat the moat lellclous breakfast' you ever bad. Jimmy Crow can eat at the second Table after the rest of you get through. It will do that Impudent young rascal good to be disciplined. It may have tbe effect of teaching him be la not auch a wonderful crow aa he thinks he la." In due time, when tbe rest of tbe crows had finished their meal. Daddy Crow luvlted Jimmy Crow to couie down and eat The ambitious young crow felt very aulky and disliked tbe humiliation to which he bad been subjected, but be waa too hungry to show any temper. He walked up to the feaat aud enjoyed It greatly. When be waa through Daddy Crow Bald: 'Now, Jimmy, turn your head to the north and By back to the land we came from aa fast aa you can. When ' we are rid of you I'm sure the rest of ua will live In peace, because you are the only disturber we have ever known. . I will teach all the rest of my tribe bow to catrh clama and smash them. We will feast on this delicious food all winter and la the spring we will fly borne, fat aud aleek. I If you behave yourself after we get ' back. Jimmy, you may come with us next year. Now go." .prrtiUi. till, t-r 1)bIvimI firs Bra- ' MYSTERIOUS CONTENTS EGG-REMOVE ALL Shell, Which Looks Like Perfectly Smooth, Continuous Sub stance, Is Very Curious Structure, Made Up of Two . Layers of Limy or "Calcareous" Matter. (Br KATHEKINK ATHEIITON UK1MK8.) T doeB not look very mysterious, doea It? You turn It over In your band to admire the amooth, velvety white or brown shell, then drop It Into the egg-baaket without another thoeght. Even if you should happen to smash It, you would think: "It waa only an egg," and forget all about It the next minute, - But "only an egg" la quite a wonder ful thing, after all, when you come to study It In the first place, the shell, which looks like a perfectly smooth, continuous substance. Is a very curious structure, made up of two layers of limy, or "calcareous" matter, and full of little pores, or canals, very much after the same gen eral plan of your own akin, about which your physiology has taught you. These little pores open both on the inside and on the outside of the shell, and allow gases and odors to pass back and forth through the shell. If you are In any doubt about this, lay an egg and an onion side by side for a day or two, then break tbe egg, and Bee what a strong oniony flavor It has acquired. -For thla rea son, to keep the flavor of an egg sweet and fresh. It must never be left where there are foul or disagreeable odors. Can you Imagine the difference be tween an egg laid In a clean, sweet nest-box, and gathered while it la fresh, and another laid In a filthy, bad-smelltng place, and left there long enough to become tainted by Its surroundings? Which one would you prefer for your breakfast? More than this, the pores allow air to pass to the Inside of the gg, and even minute germs. These cause de cay. That Is why an egg "rots." If the shell la covered all over with some perfectly air-proof substance, such aa vaseline, or the material known aa "water-glass," tbe contents may be kept perfectly fresh and sweet for a long time. This la often done when one wishes to pack eggs for winter use. Inside the brittle outer shell is a lining. You all know what that looks like, a thin, tough membrane, hold ing the contents of the egg as If they were in a little sack. If you examine this very closely, you will see that this, also. Is In two layers. They He very close together except at the large end of the egg, where they sep arate, one layer adhering to tbe shell, the other clinging to the white of an egg. The space between them la the "air chamber," with which you are all familiar. Did yon ever notice. In an egg that had been boiled bard, that tbe white cornea off In layers? If you start at the big end of the egg, yon may even peel these layers off In a somewhat regular spiral, running up to the small end. The albumen which la A Home-Mads Brooder. tbe substance forming most of the solid part of the white la arranged in layers of different density around the yoU. You can see the difference In the thickness of thla matter by breaking an egg la a saucer. Part of It will seem thin, almost like water, while the rest Is thick and "livery" H la thla difference that causes the layers to separate In the boiled egg. Tbe densest layer la next to tbe yolk, to kelp In keeping It In it a place In the middle of the egg. Lying cloae about the yolk Itself la still another layer, like a thin, tough akin. It la colorless, and not porous. Thla helps still further to protect tbe golden heart of the egg, the most vitally Important part of the whole structure. But, for fear that these coats should not be enough, through tbe yolk, lengthwise of the egg. runs a thick, twisted cord of albumen, like a little rope, to steady It against Jars or other violent movements. Tbls Is called tbe "chalase." and la fastened at both ends to tbe tough membrane about the yoke before mentioned Tbe yolk turns freely about this al buminous cord. If you break aa egg carefully, yea will see, on the upper side of the yolk, a small, round, wbltiah-looklng spot. This la tbe "germ spot." and la to the egg auat the seed la to the sr. ! n f v v , VJ Wv :. '.-: v "' :' ( WW"" OF AN ORDINARY DISAGREEABLE ODORS flower. If la the part from which growth take place. If the egg la "fertile" that ia, capable of develop ing into a chick thla germ epot will how a distinct white rim, surround ing a clearer-looking space. In the very center of which Is a tiny, very solid white spot If the egg Is Infertile, there will be no outer rim, but the entire germ spot will look mottled and Irregular. You can easily see the difference with a small microscope, and nearly al ways with the naked eye. Aa the germ spot must alwaya be left free. It ia always found on the upper aide of the yolk. That la the reason tbe yolk la arranged to turn on tbe rbal ie. Aa long aa the egg la kept cool, no change takea place In the germ spot. But If It Is placed under tbe influence of a certain amount of heat, tbe germ begins to develop. It doea not take A Tin Receptacle for Feed Safeguard Against Rats. mauy hours to change it considerably. Little by little this strange transfor mation goea on, until. In about 21 days, the inside of tbe egg la occu pied by a very different-looking struc ture than the laytra of white and yolk we first found there. The delicate structures of t,oe egg have been altered Into the fair more delicate organism of the pretty. downy chick, who seems to lake the world aa a matter of course! and be gins at once to make bla Zwn way In It. (Copyright, 1913, C. M. Slbultx.) SOME INTERESTING FARM STATISTICS Director Durand of Census Bu reau Gives Data Regarding Mortgage Indebtedness. Statistics with reference to mort gage indebtedness of the farms of the United States are given In a report by Director Durand of the bureau of the census department of commerce and labor. Tbe report waa prepared under the aupervlslon of John Lee Coulter, expert special agent for agri culture. The total number of farms In the United States operated by their own era which were mortgaged In 1910 la 1,827.439; while 2.621.283 were re ported aa free from mortgage. Theae figures abow an lncreaae alnce 1900 of 17.7 per cent in the number of farma mortgaged: and of 4.4 per cent In the number, of farma freed from mort gage. Tbe report will abow that 68. 104 farms were operated by managers a decrease of 1.7 per cent since 1900, and 2.354.676 farma were operated by tenanta, an Increase of 16.3 percent flnce 1900. No statistics pertaining to mortgage Indebtedness were secured for farms operated by tenanta or hired managers. It would be practically 1m poalble in many cases to reach tbe owners of such farms to ascertain the facts. . The total value of the land and buildings of tbe 1.006.61 farms for which both tbe fact of mortgage In debtedness and Its amounta were re ported was 10,300,000, and the amount of debt was 11.724,000,000 or 17.3 per cent of the value. Tbe corresponding proportion In 1890 aa shown In the re ports waa 36.6 per cent There waa thus, during the twenty years a marked diminution la the real Import ance of mortgage debt oa the farma mortgaged, due primarily to tha very rapid Increase In the value of the land In farma. The average ainouat of mortgage Indebtedness per farm In creased from $1,224 la 1690 to $1,716. la 1910, but the average value per farm Increased from $3,444 to $6,289 and therefore the owaer'a equity per farm Increased from $2,220 to $4,674, or more tbaa double. Government Buy Dairy. The V. 8. government la preparing to go Into tha dairy business uear Annapolis, to furnish tbe 200 gallons of milk consumed dally by a few leaa than 800 midshipmen. Thla la te guard agalnat a recurrence of typhoid fever cases. Tbe farm la to be oper ated on a aystem of absolute sanlta Uua and byglene. tall fer Cow. At least a month before Jus t ealve, each cow should bo given a roomy box stall. CARE OF NUTS AND FRUITS Semetlmea Toe Little Attention la Paid to Subject That la Really Important Nuta when bought in oiled thould be acalded, dried In tbe oven and put away In glass Jars ready for use, be cause as a rule tbey are not shelled In aanltary aurroundings. If exposed to dampness, nuta mold and decay, and even under favorable condltiona the nut oils and fats become rancid on long-continued storing. In tbe main, however, the keeping qualities of moat .nuta are excellent, but tbey should ber stored In auch a way that they may be aafe from tbe atacks of Insect enemies. ' Dried fruits, like date, raisins and figs, are also faverable reeling places for dirt and dust;s almost anything which tbe air-currents place In the sticky surface will remain there. For tunately it la becoming a common practice to buy such frulta in closed packagea which protecct them to a great extent from dust and lnaecta, ao that the dried fruits. If clean In tbe first place, will remain clean. When bought In bulk they should be scalded to kill any germs, washed thoroughly, dried and put away clean. HOUSEHOLD HINTS. More cakes fail from "guessing" at proportions thsn Is generally sup posed. Use a divided and marked cup, and weigh accurately. To remove scorch marks from fire proof dishes, cook them In strong borax water until the ugly brown marks upon them can be rubbed off with a cloth. If whltea of egga are not perfectly cold, or If they are too fresh tbey will not beat very stiff. Cream will not whip well unless at least thirty-six hours old and very cold. Mayonnaise dressing will separate when too much aalt baa been added to tbe egg yolks, or when the oil has been dropped to fast, or If the In gredients are not thoroughly cleaned when used. Celery and lettuce may be kept fresh by standing the roots In cold wa ter and throwing over them a damp cloth or dry manlla paper. Tbey ahould, before using, be washed thor oughly, aoaked In Ice water and dried on a towel. Oniona that are overatrong in flavor may be rendered lesa ao by alicing, th' i putting In a collander and pour ing boiling water over them. After this plunge into ice water and let re main for half an hour. Thla will leave them sweet and crisp. Making Eggs Creole. Six egga, one teaspoonful of salt, one cupful of rice, four peeled fresh tomatoes, one large onion, and two ta blespoonf uls of butter. Wash and boll tbe rice. Put tbe butter Into a pan, add the onion and pepper chopped; ahake until tbey are soft not browned. Cut the tomatoes into halves and press out the seeds; then cut them In pieces; add them to the pepper and onion, cook for 15 minutes and add the aalt. Put tbe egga Into warm wa ter, bring to boiling point, and keep them at boiling point for a quarter of an hour. Remove the shells. Cut the eggs Into slices and put them into a serving dish, pour over the sauce; heap tbe rice at the ends or at tbe sides and aend to the table. Flowsr Brooch. A novel thing la a delightful bead flower brooch. They are made in vari ous colore and designs, and consist of a delicate spray or bouquet of small flowers and leaves. The whole thing la In bead, and sometimes there are as many as twenty different colors, or, rather, shades of color. In tho one spray. Used to pin up a lace scarf or to give a touch of color to a white blouse, they look altogether charming. Besf Tongue Teaat Grate the remains of a cold cooked beef tongue finely, add a little finely chopped parsley, season with salt and pepper and form tbe mixture Into a thin paste with the yolks of eggs. Make tbe mixture as hot aa possible without boiling, turn It out on siloes of thin toast, duat over with bread cm nibs, brown In front of the fire or In the oven and serve hot Gelatine Frapp. To one box of any flavored gelatine add one pint of boiling water. Sweeten to taste. Put In a oold place to set Whip one-balf pint "of sweetened cream stiff, and when the gelatine la thoroughly set, beat cream and gela tine together thoroughly, put la a mold and aet in a cold place. Serve with either preserved pineapples or raspberries. Prune Salad. Wash, aoak and steam one pound of prunea until tender. Do not sweeten them. When cold remove the atones and fill th vacancies with chopped walnuts. Arrange aome lettuce leavea on Individual dishes, place flv prunea In tbe center, sprinkle ovr with lemoa Juice, and place two tablespoonfula ot mayonnaise on top. Serve very cold. New Csndle Shade. Among tbe new cadi shades are thus of flue white llnea, worked la yalet embroidery. Buttonholed scal lops may also be worked top and bot tom, while tbe owner's monogram, la raised satin stitch. Is placed on one aide. These are, Of course, to be used over separate colored linings. If Weelena Shrink. Hang woolens out oa tbe line drip plug wt, without wringing them at all. If dried Id thla way. tbey wUI aot ahrluk. 0 (Condui'l'd hf the Natkinal Woman's t'hiiatiHn Tniprnc: Union.) DECLINE IN USE OF LIQUOR Amazing Decrsaae In London of Us of Win snd Spirits Much Credit Given Mrs. Henderson. "A Woman's Diary" In The Queen newspaper the oilier Saturday declar ed that: "Temperance Is a sign of tbe twentieth century. No one who know their London that la, of the West End and the smart restaurant can fall to be impressed by the amaxlng decrease In the use of wine and spir its. Champagne, port, and other ei penslve wines have almost disappear ed; even at suppers the ever-present mineral water Is by no means Incon spicuous. The woman of today has become a water drinker, or. In strict truth, a drinker of barley water or lemonade. Diet curea, the care of her complexion, and a desire to lead the simple life have brought about this transformation. It does one good to see that children and young girls are now total abstainers. Even the smart girls who go about In London seldom or never drink wine, but content themselves with lemonade, and this even at ball suppers In tbe early hours of the morning." In reply to assertions occasionally seen in the press tbat Washington so ciety women are drinking more every year, Mrs. John D. Henderson, wife of a former senator from Missouri, Is quoted as saying that both men and women drink leaa than when abe first went to Washington. "Some of the smartest women in town do not serve liquor at all, and even In the diplo matic corps the us of liquor la not so general as It was a few years a;o." she declared. "I have not served wines at my dinners for many years. The substitution of fruit Juices and mineral water no longer causes re mark. I attribute the decline in the use of liquor to the general Interest In hygiene. Strict observance of th laws of health ia distinctly fashion able. ' Women are cultivating health, strength and beauty, and they forego any Indulgence that would overthrow the rules of health." Some years ago Mrs. Henderson, whose palatial home was one of Washington's social centers, caused all the wines In her cellars to be emptied luto the gutter, and ber in fluence has been no small factor In bringing about the change In senti ment. DO NOT ADVERTISE SALOONS Booster Nvr Makes Prominent Men tion of Number of Drinking Place Town Could Boaat Of. Did you ever know of a town or county or atate which deliberately ad vertised itself aa being possesned of numerous saloons and place where liquor could be purchased? Did you ever read a "booster" that enumerated at tbe bead of Its columu, or at tbe foot, the number of saloons of wbii-h tbe town advertised could boast? An employer never puts in his advertise ment for help. "Drinking man pre ferred." On the contrary, advertise ments appear even in the liquor Jour nal for sober and abstinent em ployes, and to quote tbe flattie Creek Enquirer, "The argument that a wi'd county is better than a dry county never goes past campaign ue it never getn i-ito community adverti log." FRAUGHT WITH UNTOLD RISKS Chance of the Nsxt Gsneration Look ing at th Alcohol Question In It Tru Light If we can safeguard the youug to the utmost, aud not only keep alco hol away from then, hut make them realise from early yeara tbe terrible Ilia tbat It brlnga to body and soul then there may be some chance of the next generation locking at the whole subject In ita true light and our chll dreu'a children may realise that ab stinence la not fanaticism or asceti cism, but rational self-control lu re spect to something which is fraught with untold risks. Sir Thomas liar low. Physician to the Late King K.I ward. Grand Jury an Liquor Bualn. The grand Jury of Christian county. Illinois, on December 30 last, em bodied In lta report the following para graph: Be It K solved, Tbat w deem It high time this nation diaaolved part nership with this family-wrecking and aoul-destroyltig business, as seven tenths of our findings are caused di rectly or Indirectly by th vse of li quor. eye Neglected. "You legislators pass law for tbe protactloa of the bird and th skunk why aot protect tbe boys also?" Mrs. Florence D. Richard, president of the Ohio W. C. T. U.. at g legUlatlv hearing oa the license guest ton. Brewer's Hep. The church people can drive as when they try, and w know it Our hop Is la working after they grow tired, and continuing to work 3ts Aaya la the year. New York Uriwsc.