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PIN MONEY FOR BOYS Seeds for Planting Should Be Carefully Assorted. Time for Performing Task Varies Ac cording to Latitudes and Seasons Onions Mav Be Put in Earl ier Than Other Plants. B KATHERINK ATHERTON GRIM.) If there is one time of the year that is better than all the rest, it is the - time "when the seeds are put into the ground. The ' sweet, warm air, the sunny sky, blue as a million tur quoises, and, more than all, the smell of the fresh, moist earth, all seem full of joyful promise. No wonder. all, the nnsg hlnsenm nut in tViA Enrinp" PVPT1 a horse-block could write poetry if it couldl Now for the planting. Your ground is fit as fit can be see how mellow and warm it is! your seeds are care fully tested and sorted, and each kind is tied up by. itself in a little cloth . sack that will not break if you carry it in your pocket. I said your seeds were sorted. Are you sure you rtmembered to do that? , on a white oilcloth laid on the table one kind at a time, of . course and have picked out all that were broken, or not well filled, or that did not look , right for any reason. Of course, all foul seeds should be taken out, too. It looks like quite a task to do all that, but it is really not half as hard to remove the foul seed as it is to dig up the weeds they will raise; and it is far more profitable, of course, to plant good seed than p$or.' Otherwise, you would not have ta ken all the pains you have been at to eecure the very best seed you could. How deep are you going to plant? Does each kind of seed require to be put at the same depth? You can find these things out for yourself by try ing a little experiment. . Make a box frame of two-inch strips large enough to hold a pane of 7x5 window glass. It should be about four inches in depth, and have wooden Device Showing Proper Depth to Plant Seed. ends and bottom. Set in a couple of panes for sides, and fasten them in place with little wooden buttons. Fill nearly full of rich, damp earth. On the ends mark a scale of inches, beginning at the top of the dirt. Put down into the soil, next to the glass, the seeds you wish to study the first one Inch deep, the second two inches deep, and so on. One-half of one side can be used for corn, and the other, halt for "beans, while the other side can be used for onion sets, tomato seeds, or anything else you wish. As the seeds sprout, you can easily tell which depth i best, and plant your field seeds accordingly. A big glass bottle may be used in the same way, but is not quite so handy as the jbox. The nicest kind of a bag to drop seeds from is an apron, such as car penters use. This should be made of some stout cloth, such as denim or duck." A yard Is enough for one, and you can, surely coax, mother or big sister to make it for you. Be sure to plant your seeds in rows far enough apart to cultivate with . a horse. Even the smallest of garden stuff, such as onions, lettuce and -radishes, may be cared for much easier this way.- . ' ' The old-fashioned, plan of putting such "small fry", into a raised bed is not a good one. Not only are they hard to keep free from weeds but such beds dry out badly. It is far bet ter to put everything in rows. The time for planting " varies so "much jwith different latitudes and seasons that there Is hot much use trying to- make a rule, for it.. You know that, seeds must have warmth to grow, so know that it will not pay to be in too big a hurry to get them in while there is danger of frost. Onions, 'though, may be put in ear lier 'than most other things, as they delight In the damp, cool weather of early spring, and will, take no hurt from slight frosts. ' Bat the tenderer plants, such as corn, potatoes, tomatoes and the like, will not stand much cold, and it pays best to wait till settled weather before putting them in. V ' Planting over, the year's work ; is fairly begun. Now for the pleasure of watching the lovely green things come to life, and push up through the mellow earth. What a f wonderful thing it. Is the life that teems Hf ny . II 1 B U 1 throughout the world of spring. Tern remember the line:; In the beginning:. God. the Great Work Fashlor.eU a seed, j v v So lfi planting and caring for . the latent lives shut In the dry kernels, you are only finishing the work he be gan. A great thought for the planting time, isn't it? And now, good luck to every Farm World ibcy and his gar den. - (Copyright, 1913. by c; M. Shultx.) TIPS FOR THE COUNTRY BOY Youth Should Make Deal With Mother for Share in Poultry Some Other Excellent Advice.' : If you are in the woods and your saw has the set taken out of it : by a log that pinches or otherwise, saw a cut into a big' log a few inches; lay your saw into the cast, teeth up and put more set in. Cheaper a great deal than pulling a pinching saw. This is the time to make a bargain with father for a share of the crops next year. " How about the sap tools? Sugar making will be here before we know First Swimming Lesson. it. Look the buckets, pans and spouts over and if any need overhauling, do it now while there is time. Keep the axes sharp. Whaling away with poor tools wears a boy out before his time, and all to no pur pose. Edge them up every day. Frosty grindstones do not wear away your tools worth a cent. Thaw them before you begin. N Just when does cider change into vinegar? Be careful about that. Stop using it before it has that in it that will make the head swim. More than one boy has begun a life of shame at the farm cider barrel. Make a deal with mother for a share in the poultry. Get a pure-bred roost er. Ten dollars is not too much to pay for him. Start with pure-bred eggs, not too many, and you will be mak ing money in two years. REAR SEAT ON MOTORCYCLE Device Allocs Motorcyclist to Take Wife, Sweetheart or Baby With Him on His Jaunts. It is a selfish motorcyclist these days who does not take somebody with him on his pleasure jaunts. ItJ may be his wife, it may be the baby, or it may be the girl he is hoping to make his wife." If it is the baby, the infant is carried in a basket-like con trivance that hangB over the handle bar. If It is some person old enough to take care of herself she occupies a seat over the rear wheel. A Colorado man has invented what he claims is an improvement over the rear seats used heretofore. The cut shows the general construction of this seat, with its padded bottom and back, but the Motorcycle Rear Seat. chief virtue lies in the spring mechan ism The rods under the center of thereat lead into tubes that have a short coiled spring at the bottom and act as shock absorbers. - riddles:, Why is a washerwoman the most wonderful woman in the world? Because she goes to bed worn out, and next morning gets up fine linen. When is the wind of use to a, country-engaged in war? ' When it blows great guns. What is that which a cat has, but no other animal? Kittens. - ' . What is that which js full of oles and yet holds water? ( ; , : A sponge. . v 't ' ' ' What Is that which every man can divide, but which no man can see where It has been divided?, Water. . . ; What is the keynote to good man ners? .i. , U -. B natural. : . - GETTING AHEAD IN THE GARDEN STUFF v;viv.:.:,;v.;.:.:,,' . .V i kvyiw,.:. .. l ; : The Best Paying Vegetable on a Small Farm. Those without a hotbed will fill the kitchen windows with seedboxes; for many garden plants should be started early, and the expense of buy ing plants is much greater than that of buying seeds. Besides, there is a pleasure in working even in a small bit of soil after being shut from it during the long winter months. Tomatoes and. peppers are among the earliest-seeds started. The soil should be rich and fine. Back of the barn there is often a plot of rich soil, evidence of a former farm leakage, though modern management has hap pily .ll but rendered obsolete such waste, or leaf mould, enriched with perfectly decayed stable manure will serve the purpose well. Pack the soil firmly in the boxes and then sprinkle the seeds thinly upon the surface. Cover with a sprink ling of soil and moisten with tepid water until it is quite damp. Firm the earth ' down upon the seeds. The next day it may be still further presseddown and more earth covered over rso that the seeds will be covered to about four times their own diameter and pressed in place. This will still keep the seeds covered when the-watering is done later. If all the earth is placed at first there is a tendency, when they arc watered,, to wash the seeds bare. Heat on the bottom of the box Is a great advantage for the first few days, yet it should be uniform, and not so great as to scald the germs. The small pan or box may be given a suit able place around tho kitchen range. In our own experience, the top of the Incubator starts seeds more quickly than any other place. The tiny plantlets always turn to ward the light. Shift the boxes daily to counteract this and , keep . . them growing straight. When they have formed two or three leaves shift each to a small pot. The halves of egg shells make good substitutes for the smallest sized pots if placed side by INSECTS IN THE WINDOW GARDEN Warfare Against Plant Enemies Must Be Made for Ex termination Look out forthe insects in the win ,dow garden. If any are found as quite likely there " will be wage prompt and aggressive warfare against them. Probably the aphis will show up most 'prominently. I used to dread this pest more than all others, because of the rapidity with which he breeds. Now I find it an easy matter ' to keep him under control. I do this by the use of the extract of tobacco. This extract is very strong and a little of it goes a good ways. A pint of it costs about $1.G0, but it will last the owner of a good-sized window garden for years, because , a spoonful of it will be sufficient for a ten-quart can of water, and. this will be enough to spray forty or fifty plants thoroughly. It is sure death to every aphide it comes in contact with. It is , much cheaper, in the long run, than tobacco for fumigation, and is much pleasanter to use, as it gives off but little, odor, and this is soon dissipated while" to bacco smoke leaves itB stale, stench behind it for days, and clings to every thing In the house. ' Every owner of a window garden should provide herself with a good sprayer. The small bulb atomizers, operated by squeezing, are of little practical use. Better invest your money in such a sprayer as the small gardener uses, in which the atomizer and reservoir are connected in such a manner" as to make a compact little implement, very easy to toperate, arid capable of throw ing a small stream or spray of any de gree of fineness as you may elect. With a sprayer of this kind it is an easy matter to give your plants a treatment once a week, and that ought to be enough to keep them free from aphides. . In our overheated, : dry-atmosphered living rooms the red spider is sure to do more or less damage unless some thing is done to keep it in check. None of the emulsions, tobacco extracts or other applications advised for use in fighting plant enemies are of any use here. ' : : '. .' A correspondent asks if good plants can be grown in tin cans. Certainly. I have seen very fine plants in them, 1 . "Star side and sunk in a box of earth or sand. .When more root room is needed the shell may be peeled off and re moved without disturbing the roots of the plant. They should be repotted at least once more, and then when finally shifted to the garden, the roots will have become so matted arid in terwoven, that they will be little dis turbed by the transfer. Use. always good seed. While .that of inferior quality may much of it germinate, you are losing very much more than you save through its em ployment. In this day of cheap seeds, just think what the land is worth, and then resolve that the best Is r.oue too good for it. Strive to hate the best tools with which to work. In this age of cheap and efficient tools one cannot afford to waste their time in any makeshift way. Even in the garden for family use, one ma' raise so much more that the wheel hoe will soon pay for itself. It is pitiful to see the gardener work ing slowly among the weeds, the lat ter stunting the plants in the last rows weeded, when in an' hour's time with the wheel tools the entire plot could be thoroughly cleaned oat. Time must be counted by the modern gar dener, and all labor and time-saving devices given a trial. Resolve this year to add some new variety to your list not one of the high-priced novelties, but something which you have never before grown. If frosts threaten after the plants are transplanted to the garden, make covers out of old newspapers, either by folding a sheet like a fool's cap and holding the corners in place with small stones, or, in the case of very small plants, the paper may be spread out loosely over the surface. Old boxes may also be used .for covering, but tin, in any form, draws the frost and renders the attempt to protect a real injury. . (Copyright. IMS. by C- M. i'chultx. The fact is it isn't so much the vessel that the plant grows in r.s it is the care it gets that counts. If cans are used, punch holes in the' bottom 'for water to run off through. I would pre. fer pots, because they look better and are better for general use, but those who cannot afford them will find that they can grow plants, and grow them well, in boxes, cans or an old earthen teapot or pitcher, provided drainage is arranged for. That's the important thing. Don't discard the good old stand bys for "novelties" in making a selec tion of new plants for your window garden. They tell lis geraniums are "common." Granted; but a window bright with the blossoms of these "common" flowers is a thing to delight in in the midwinter, while the window in which "novelties" abound nine times out of ten is conspicuous for its absence of bloom more, than anything else. A brave show of "common" flowers is a great deal more satisfac tory than no flowers at all. Who cares how "common" a flower" is if it is beautiful? CUTTING OF PLANTS INCREASES BLOOM Columbines, Hollyhocks and Oth er Hardy Perennials Re " spond Very Quickly. The cutting of flowers of any, sort results in increased bloom. Some years ago, needing a quantity of cut flowers when blossoms were very scarce, I cut every stalk of my colum. bine. To my surprise it sent up new flower stalks and bloomed a 'second time that spring, which it never does if the seed is allowed to ripen. Since making this discovery I have learned that hollyhocks respond to the same treatment in the same .way, and it may be that the Eame thing is true of other hardy perennials. Sweet peas, pansies, verbenas, etc., must have the flowers cut off, allowing no seed pods to form, if one would have continuous bloom. Never a rose should be allowed to re main on the bush until it drops its petals, or a geranium until it fades, if one would have roses and geraniums in abundance. . Prime Bacon. ;i : Prime bacon is really more credit to the producer than is lard alone. . It is also true that the best bacon; brings good prices, costs less to bring to fitness, : and can be made a great j staple if we work for it. " HA Wl NEW ERA APPEARS Bible and Christian Civilization May Be Made Dominant in the East. The sense of living on the verge of a new era is widespread among thoughtful men. Everywhere those who are in touch with social and spir itual movements, whether at home or abroad, feel that the situation is criti cal to a supreme degree. They trem ble in their joy, for as they are amazed at the unique opportunities of the new era, so they, are bewildered by its responsibilities and dangers. We are living in an age when it seems that nations are born in a day, or at least when they are awakened from their sleep of a thousand years. The danger is that in the hour of their awakening they may be turned into a wrong course and given wrong ideals. In this new era some fear a pagan renaissance because the great pagan nations of the east are so rapidly com ing into power and influence. This is a time then when Christianity should recognize its opportunity, for we have come to one of the great watersheds of history when it seems that the course of humanity may be turned in either direction. The opportunity lies before Chris tian nations to make Christian civili zation dominant in the east as well as in the west. The whole Orient is astir as it never has been before. The long sleeping east ' has awakened Hermit nations which a few years ago seemed to take no part In the world's progress have become world powers There is deep unrest in India; Japan and Korea are rushing towards the new era; the vast Chinese empire is throbbing with new ideas and aspira tions. . It is the primary duty of the Chris tian church to enter in and occupy for her Lord whenever and wherever 6he can. Never have there been so many open doors as there are now, each with its-eloquent appeal for the Gospel of a better age. The great barrier to much development in the east- has been Mohammedanism, but even there of late years have been signs of a shaking among the dry bones. Unknown to the Christian- world, conferences have been held to discuss the decay of Islam, and to pre vent its disintegration. A conference was held on 1907 at Cairo, the subject of the conference being, "The Causes of the Decay of Islam." It is evident that not even Mohammedanism, which has long been regarded as practically hopeless by many" Christians, can stand against the pervasive influence of the Bible arid of Bitle-inspired civ ilization. And what is the significance of the present war, and of the defeat of the stronghold of Islam before the arms of the Christians whom Turkey haj so. long oppressed? It means not only another open door, but in God's providence it means the removal of the last great barrier to Christian civ ilization in the east. Our gracious God is never ahead of time nor behind time in his disposi tions of the affairs of men. When the fullness of time had come he sent his Son, and ail things in his Providence come in the fullness of time. There fore, If we are to know God's will we must observe the course of events and be awake to the signs of his Prov idence. Goethe regarded the universe as "the living garment of God," and Carlyle called history a larger Bible, which contains, for all who have an eye and a soul to read aright, a clear record of God's dealings with men and a clear indication of his purposes. Now, it is recognized, that not only to the lands of the east and to the islands of the sea, but also to our own land comes the crisis of the new era. Let us turn our eyes to the homeland and we find among ourselves gropings, strivings, longings, for things not fully defined. There is an undest among our people, . a . dissatisfaction .with things as they are. There are great move ments on foot which we regard as po litical or social, but which at bottom are religious, that is, they are the outcome of the Christian conscious ness of righteousness and equity. ,The cause of the church is coming home to the masses of the people, and our thinking men are beginning to see that the cause of Christianity is, the cause of the nation. 'Perhaps we cannot furthe'r the sal vation . of the world . better than by .evangelizing this land in which, we live. Think what a power among the world's peoples would be a united. Christian America. America is known as a Christian land, but there are thousands of heathen in it. America bears the Christian name, but un righteousness, vice and crime are ram pant among us, and often go unre buked. Alexander Duff knew the abysses of vice in the east and espe cially in India, but after a visit to the slums of Philadelphia he left tho tes timony that such vileness, debase ment, drunkenness and shamelessness he never saw surpassed in any heath en land. We comfort, ourselves with the thought that this was 60 years ago, but there are still slums in our large cities which are a standing shame to a Christian land, and. there is much work for this nation in "the cities, in the towns and in' the .country homes. These things are not remedied by laws nor by socialistic schemes. . The only solution lies in the, principles of tho Gospel of Jesus Christ, lived and ap plied by true and earnest men. Get away from the crowd awhile and think. Stand on one side and let he .world run by while you get ac quainted with yourself. R. J 13ur dette! . . ,-4 ' : . . -., (Conducted by the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union.) INTERESTING TO A FARMER Closing of Distillery and Br-wcry Would Set at Liberty Large Amount of Capital and Labor. (By FIIOF. JOHN A. NICHOLS.) They cry out that If the liquor i.raf flc i3 abolished one of the markets for grain will be destroyed and a terrible calamity will fall upon the farraere. But the closing of the distillery and brewery would set at liberty a large amount of capital and labor which would be diverted to other channels of business, including among other things the development of produce and its adaptation to the wants of th people.' Many millions of dollars now expended in liquor would be expended In farm produce of various kinds. There is a large proportion of our people who do not consume as much of our farm produce as they need and desire, because of the waste of wealth In the consumption of intoxicants, and if this waste ceased the demand for farm produce would at once increase. Experience has shown that the clovins: up of the saloons and the outlawing of the liquor trafSc has always proved a great benefit to every legitimaft- in dustry. A chapter in the history of Ireland furnishes a graphic Illustra tion. During the years 1809-10 and 1813-11 the distilleries of Ireland wer stopped on account of the famine, on the ground that these distilleries wasted the grain that might other wise be used by the people a3 food. The results were surprising. Tho con sumption of spirits fell off nearly one half. Oa the other hand there was a tremendous increase in the demand for dry goods, blankets, cotton good!, sugar, hardware, crockery, groceries anil other necessities, thus .showing that a year of scarcity with prohibition is better than a year of plenty -without it. . TO DO AWAY WITH ALCOHOL New Regulation in Federal Military Expected to Bring Relief to Evils Complained Of. It Is 'notorious that drinking and drunkenness are great evils concocted with army life. It was to protect the soldiers from this debauchery that the canteen was abolished. To further stimulate them to lead temperate lives an order has been issued by the federal government which reads as follows: "Provided, that no officer or en listed man in active service, who hall be absent from duty on account or' dis ease resulting from his own Intem perate use of alcohol or drugs or other misconduct shall receive pay for the period of such absence from any part of the appropriation." This new regulation in our federal military service is expected to cring relief at least in some measure, to the evils complained of; also it is re garded as another step toward abolish ing the use of alcoholic beverass ia the army entirely. BLOW TO PERSONAL LIBERTY No Person Has Inherent Right ta Sell .Liquor or Buy It in Saloon. - Says Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of the United States says that no person has an in herent right to sell liquor, and now the supreme court cf, the .state of Washington declares that no person has an inherent right to buy liquor in a saloon. In its decision the court said: . "Just as the right to engage in, the liquor traffic is not an inherent right In any citizen, neither is it an inher ent right In any citizen to treat an other in:a Icensed saloon which ia under the control of the police power being jexercised by a municipality. Whatever the right of the citizen may be, elsewhere, he has no Inherent right even to buy liquor at such a place." Another blow to "personal liberty." as interpreted by the liquor trada and Its friends! Insuranw Rates. Insurance companies In Great Brit ain, America, Sweden, Norway and Germany are discriminating against those who drink, even in moderation. The insurance 'companies in Germany Tiave Issued leaflets and posters show ing the detrimental effects of alcohol on the human body. Many' insurance companies place total abstainers in a separate, division, Insuring their lives on cheaper rates. It is manifestly un just to require that total abstainers shall pay higher insurance rates on ac count of the losses caused by the drinkers insured by the same- com pany, f; ; ' ; " ''.-. , . Not What He Meant "Now, Pat," said a magistrate to an old offender, "what has brought you here again V ,'; . ' "Two policemen, eor," was the re- "Drunk.ill. suppose?'' . queried thet magistrate 'sternly. " "Yea, sor," said "both or thin?.'. . h , : . . ' Close Many Bar. V More ban 12,000 bars hava been, cloreof in palicla, Austria-Hungiry. In a year. . ' .