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UUO3 COPLE HOW TO TELL THE WEATHER Peculiar Actions of Many Animals - Taken as Sure Indication of ' Rain,' Snow, Wind or Calm. It a cat sneeze it is a sign of rain. The goat utters a peculiar cry. before When the fox barks at night it will storm. ', If rats and mice make much noise it indicates rain. .'".." If the dog eats. grass in the morning it will surely rain before night. If the tracks of bear are seen after the first snow fall, look for a mild winter. The wind will blow from the noint the cat faces when she washes her face, and fair weather will follow. If the bull goes first to pasture, it will rain; if the cows precede him the weather will be uncertain. ' -It is a sign of rain if the cat washes her head behind the ear. Cats rub against an object before a storm. Sheep are said to ascend hills and scatter before clear weather, but if they bleat and seek shelter it will snow. If the hair of a horse grows long early the winter will be mild. The hair of a horse becomes rough before rain, and they are frisky before a cold wave, and restless and uneasy before a rain. Sailors do not like cats, and they have a saying when the cat is frisky she has a gale of wind in her tail, and a charm is often resorted to in a calm by throwlnng the cat overboard to raise a storm. If cows fail in their milk look for stromy and cold weather. If they bel low in the evening it will snow before morning, and when a cow stops and shakes her. foot there is bad weather behind her. If cattle lie down early in the day expect rain, also when they lick their fore feet, lie on the right side, scratch against posts, when they refuse to go to pasture in the morning, and when they low and look at the sky. ILLUSION WITH SMALL DOTS Hexagonal Figures, Black and White, Appear to Be of Different Sizes, but Are Not. If we look with one eye only, or with eyes half closed, at these groups of cir cular dots they assume the appearance familiar to us in honeycomb. This Hexagonal Illusions. is an effect of the contrast and opposi tion of the black and white in the sen ation of the retina. Although the black and the white circles are of the same diameter the Irradiation is in their case so intense that the white circles appear to be larger than the black. When Sea Feeds Land. Seaweed, at one time thought val ueless, is a wonderful fertilizer. Tons of it are collected in carts at low tide by the Cornish farmers, and around the coast of Jersey. After being dried in heaps, it is spread on the land.' There its nutri tive properties of nitrogen and pot ash, in which it is very rich, are ab sorbed into the soil, and produce wonderful crops. New potatoes from Jersey, and spring cabbages from Cornwall, are raised with seaweed fertilizer. The sea also furnishes food for the land in other ways. ' ' . ' Legal Angle. First Lawyer I was looking over my boy's geometry lesson last night 1 was quite interested In that proposi tion that the three angles of a tri angle are equal to two right angles. Second Lawyer-j-That Isn't very complicated. First Lawyer No, but I was try ing to think what a man could do if he had the other-side of the case. Fuck. - ' ' Unexpected. The office boy opened the door and looked in. ' "My grandmother " he began. "Bah!" snorted the boss. "Has just died." - v "Wow!" yelled the boss. ,"Has Just died and left me a lot of money and I've resigned seer And he softly closed the door. : Little Girt Lost. : Lillian' (aged 4) Mamma, youre not a girl, are you? ; ; Mamma No, dear. I used to be a little girl, but now I'm a woman. Lillian Then what bsca-me - of the little girl you used to be? - In the Midst' of Game. ' ' ; TWhaf s de matter wid Jimmy?" "Aw, he feels disgraced fer life." "How's dat?" .i "His - mudder come out yesterday and took him home right' off secona baa." .;. . ; VACUUM EXPERIMHlt v IS ODD Candle Burns Oxygen, in Glass and Blotting : Paper i Contracts, Mak ing an Air-Tight Joint. . .' A very interesting experiment may be . performed . with two drinking glasses, a small candle end and a piece of blotting paper, says the Pathfinder. The glasses must be the . same size and of the thin-glass kind. . The can dle end is lighted and set ill one glass the blotting paper is well dampened and placed on top' of the glass, and the other glass inverted: and Its rim placed exactly over the lower one and pressed down tightly. The candle will burn up all the oxygen in the glass and go out . . The air in the glass being heated will expand and some . of it will be forced out from under the moist paper, Vacuum Experiment. and then, as the portion remaining cools, it will contract and draw the up per glass on the paper and make an air-tight joint. The upper glass can then be taken up and the lower one will' cling to it. : HOW TO MAKE A BOOMERANG Amusing Little Toy. May Be Made by Cutting Piece of Cardboard as ' Shown in Illustration. Cut out in cardboard a boomerang as nearly as possible of the size and pattern given here. Place it fiat on the back of the first three fingers of the left hand, sloping A Toy Boomerang. them upward; then flick it smartly with the second finger of the right hand. It will fly off and return to your lap. Try it. Walnut Shell Boats. Materials required A walnut shell. a small piece of cardboard, a match, a piece of white paper, and some seal ing wax. Scoop out any remaining fragments of nut and skin from the interior of the shell and cover the opening with cardboard, which must be, first of all cut the exact size. Thrust a match through the middle of the cardboard and fasten it securely to the bottom of the boat with sealing wax.- The card board can also be fastened on to the 6hell in the same way. 'A sail . can then be cut from white paper and fastened to the 'match by means of two holes. Electricity in Rubber. An ordinary India rubber band stretched and allowed to spring back by virtue of its own elasticity devel ops a negative charge of electricity, which is retained for a considerable time. The result does not appear to be influenced by the quality of the India rubber, and the same effect is produced by a length of tube suffi ciently thin walled to be fairly elas tic. An essential condition, however, is that the material' be allowed to contract suddenly. . If pulled out slow ly and gradually 'allowed to resume its original dimensions, no electrifica tion will be produced.. RIDDLES. Why are doctors always bad charac ters? , : " Because the worse people are . the more they are with them. ' - Why is a camel a most irascible 'ani mal? ; i. .: Because he always has" his back up. - -, '' .-.'- - ' 1 - Why are weary people like carriage wheels? . ''- - .. " Because they are tired. 1 : ; '.- ..y . What Is that which every one can divide, but no one can see where It has been divided? : . . Water. . " , . . ' .. - ' -. ... ' What is majesty deprived of its ex ternals? ': : A jest m-ajest-y. ' - Is there a word in the English lan guage that con tains, all the vowels;? Yes, unquestionably. - V - '! .Why does' a miller wear a white nat? ,:. ... " v;: -..v;.-. To keep his head warm. ".V. V. . ... Why didn't the dog want to go into the ark? - . . . .... Because he had a bark of his own. What makes the cost of tea - so high? ; . , v : .;. Because we must pay a steep price. . .- , ." Why would a tanner make a good chemist? ', Because he understate ox(b)ides. f .. .. n CAULIFLOWER IS EASY OF CULTIVATION AND ONE OF HOST SAVORY OF VEGETABLES Should Be in Every Garden, Even if Not for Commercial Pur posesDemands Cool Weather and Soil That Is Fairly , Strong in Nitrogen and Supplied With Phosphorus. f Kmimm- jJ z . -i2:$3r -v:&&ri l& . S 1 Cauliflower Easy of Cultivation and a Delicious Vegetable. (By BESSIE L PUTNAM.) Cauliflower is' one of the crops that should be in every garden, even if not for commercial purposes. This vege table is peculiar in its demands of soil and climate. In the east, where . It is grown for market purposes, it Is thought to be doing well if one-half of the plants make heads that weigh from one to two pounds. Cauliflower demands cool weather and a soil that is fairly strong in nitrogen and also well . supplied with phosphorus and potassium. . The culture of this vegetable is the same as that for cabbage, with the additional work of going through the field every day or two after the heads begin to form and tying together the leaves to prevent the small white heads from coloring. If this Is neg lected, the vegetable is ruined for both market and family use. Do not allow the garden to grow up to weeds after the first early crops, but keep the surface clean and in cultivation during all the growing months. . -v . Home mixed fertilizers are the most desirable for the market gardener. Nearly every gardener grows a diver sified list of vegetables, which vary more or less in;, food requirement, and the feeding problem is : entirely under his control when the rations are mixed at home.. . ' A firm and compact seed bed,, bring ing the seed into intimate contact with moist soil, is the Becret of quick HEAVY SEED DOES NOT INCREASE YIELD Tests Made at Nebraska. Experi ment Station on Different Sized Kernels of Interest.1 (By JAMES D. MARSHALL, Colorado Agricultural College.) During the past ten years a great many experiments have been conduct ed by various experiment stations to determine the relative effect of different-sized kernels on the ' quantity and .quality of grain produced per acre. The. work at the Nebraska ex periment station, is worthy of note on this particular subject. Tests here were made with wheat, the fanning mill being used to make the seed sep arations. In the tests , Turkey red, a. .hard winter wheat, . and Big Frame, a . soft winter wheat, were. used. A lot ' of seed from each of the above varieties was separated into two parts, ' the heavier 4and the lighter halves. These were again separated Into the heaviest heavy" and the "lightest light" being sown. To check results ordinary seed as it came, from the separator was planted. ; The same method was followed each year for a period of eight years. The seed from each crop of the "heaviest 1 heavy and the "lightest light" was separated ; and only the heaviest quar ter of the "heaviest heavy" and the lightest quarter of the "lightest light" were used for seed. At the end of the experiment the average yields for the . three kinds of seeds were practically the same while the average weights per bushel' from the crops ; harvested showed hardly any difference in favor of any one se lection of the heaviest seed for par ticular kind of seed. From' the above results it is evident that the selec tion 'of ; the heaviest seed for" sowing purposes will not materially, increase the yield per" acre or,the weight per bushel of the crop harvested. Furnish Pure Seed. With a view of furnishing the-farm ers of the state with pure seed,,' the governor of Massachusetts has an nounced that the farms connected with the. various state institutions would raise seed and sell them at a fair market price. This will not onW be of great'benefit to the state,; but also a source of revenue to the insti tutions. Particular attention will be given to the raising of grass seed. !; Practical Ideas. ; Ideas -with practical results ; are what are most wanted in the poultry germination, providing the ground is warm and the depth of covering not too great. Packages should be heat and clean. As a. rule small packages are best early in the season when the prices are high, and large packages for the main crop. Use standard sized pack ages and give full' measure. Nothing is gained in the end by short measure. When possible it is best to grow vegetables on a large scale to sell to the wholesale trade instead of retail ing. The ' successful gardener finds' his time too valuable to peddle his vegetables. Crops must be gathered in proper condition and sent to the market fresh and clean. Careful grading is essential. A few inferior specimens in a package are the first to attract attention. Even a few specimens will knock off . more from the price of the package than they are worth. Remove quick maturing crops as soon as they are done bearing and plant to others. Cultivation should begin early. Cul tivators with not less than twelve small teeth or shovels are best for smail truck crops, because they leave the soil in ideal condition and are the best conservers of soil moisture. A loose and friable soil ' stimulates a steady and rapid growth. Keep out the weeds' and keep the surface soil stirred and the plants will grow through dry and wet weather. WILD FLOWERS MAY BE TRANSPLANTED Some Bulbous Plants Bear Re moval Without Complaint if Given Good Site. It is a common rule among flower growers that a plant should not be dis turbed when in bloom. Yet in the case of the bulbous wild flowers, which die to the ground soon after blooming and are with difficulty lo cated, there is a convenient excep tion; most of them bear removal with out complaint if accorded a site simi lar to the native home, and not a few readily adapt themselves to the cul ture of garden or lawn. A notable illustration is that of the spring beauty, the carmine-peaclled petals of which appear in. the first spring days. A little later the yellow adder's tongue is in its glory. Both may. be grown in grass or garden, and as they die to the ground early no ob struction is offered to the lawn womer. The bulbs grow about as much below the surface as the leaf extends above a fact to be remembered in trans planting. " Jack-in-the-pulpit, attractive In its glossy surplice of white and purple or pale green, is not averse to exchang ing its native bog for a garden home. The showy cloak is but an envelope for the true flowers, which are clus tered at the base of. the spadix within. Some plants " bear only staminate flowers, in which case the plants die to the ground after blooming, to be seen no more until the coming 6pring. If there are fertile flowers, a glebe of flaming scarlet fruit appears in mid summer to mark the spot where the vernal orator appeared. Value of Sunflower Seed. Sunflower seed acts both as a food 'and medicineT It is V grain rich in oil, which produces a redness to the comb and a luster to - the feathers. The seeds should never be dried-In the heads, but always shelled as soon as ripe and spread out on a dry floor where air and light will reach it, thus allowing it to dry before becoming musty. ; .... ' - f Sowing Spinach. -In Virginia the spinach is sown in rows, four to each narrow bed, rows about, nine inches apart, and in- the .edge of each bed Is generally , a row of cabbage set out in December, and after the spinach Is shipped,- say about March 1, the cabbages are cultivated, and are ready for marketing in Apiil and early June. Millions of cabbage plants have been so set out in the spinach bedsl - 0000 III SUFFERING GodV Purnose Always Best Though It is Hard Some- times to Understand It. Cyclone and blizzard, fire and flood have lately devastated cities and vll lages and left large portions of pros perous couatry life in ruins. Human life had been faooded away , and the fairest domestic scenes desolated The suffering and loss none can ad qualely measure. . . ' . Such multiple "disasters .raise ques tions in the mind about God's rela tion to thb universe and his interest in human life. The old, old difficulty presents Itself to our thought, can God be good and permit such crushing sorrows and Irreparable losses to be fall us.or if he is good is his power limited so he cannot prevent these catastrophies? It is easy to sing of God's goodness and praise him for the light and the embroidery of spring and summer and -the harvests' of the autumn time. But what about eartlv quakes and volcanoes,' cloudbursts. tornadoes and lightning bolts, and overwhelming floods? Where is God and . what is his relation to such oc currences? Permit me to offer a few lines of thought -which have brought me relief and lit up many a dark hou and helped me to reason why God does not interfere to prevent such. shocking events. 1 Vitalize Our Inventive Faculties. We are ever at school and God is our teacher. We are left to work out our own material salvation as the pu pil is to work out the problem n mathematics. -Disaster has often giv en birth to inventions for public safety. Our discoveries are leading us to dominion over nature and bringing its mighty forces within our control With the steam engine, - telegraph. telephone and wireless we are -annihil ating time and space, with the swift ocean liners the sea is no more ks the fathers knew it, and electric light is almost donig away with the night. Statistics have been gathered which point to much progress toward prxy- tectlon from lightning. It is shown that the bolt strikes more frequently In the country than in the city, that it strikes barns oftener than human dwellings, and that white colors seem to be more attractive to it that the darker hues, and that it will never enter a bad conductor If there is a good one to be found. Modern science has cut in two the death rate from such diseases as con sumption, smallpox and typhoid. See how anaesthetics have relieved pain and witness the triumphs of modem surgical skill. So we are working out our own sal vation. That God could interfere I do not doubt, but for reasons good and wise he does not. By many a fall a child learns to rise and realize itself on its feet and after that feat it soon learns to walk. God could interfere with the. material forces and prevent disaster, but if he did man would never come to mastery and dominion in nature, nor to the full exercise of his Inventive genius. They Educe Our Sympathies. The word sympathy is the Greek word for "suffering with." The, root idea in sympathy is to suffer with others, to share their losses and sor rows.'- If sufferihg and sorrow , were unknown there would, not be anything to call out our sympathies and so a large area of human nature would re main - uncultivated. The sun melts away the ice and tugs at the roots of trees and educes the spring buds, so sorrows thaw out human nature and tug at the roots of our life and -bring our sympathies to fruition. We learn to weep with those' that weep, and that is a trait of Chiistian character included in the apostolic counsels. Job said. "Did not I weep for him that was in trouble? Was not my soul grieved for the poor ?" . Sympathy is a wonderful soul-power and these sad calamities call it into noblest exer cise. , . ' The response-at such times has al ways been electrical.- Famines in Russia and India, fires and floods in any land stir human souls every where and fan into a flame the fires of sympathy ever burning on the al tars of-human 'hearts-In all lands. The brotherhood of the race and the kinship of humankind . is quickly evinced in the hour of horrible dis aster. It is a great gift to be able to weep not for but with the sorrow ing. There is Infinite healing in it. Jesus wept with the mourning sister?. Such tears have often relieved the heartache and . brought tranquillity to the troubled soul. A- callous-hearted husband who had never seen anyone near to him suffer, watched his' wife suffer like a martyr for weeks and his sympathies were stirred as never be fore, and the suffering wife said, "It was worth ; it all because it made a new man of my husband." In the midst of ; the stress of lifo there Is a tendency to selfishness, but multiple disasters move, us to cam passion and keep the heart sympathetic and kind and this - warming makes things go more pleasantly In many a home, of fice, and: workshop in the daily round of life. Every sufferer through flood or fire or whatever else win. be richer in sympathy in all the years to come. Perfection in sympathy comes through suffering. T Step fcy Step. From "a the moment . that the dav breaks and the Sun of Righteousness dawns upon the. soul, lleht Is strewn upon life's way; 'so that the righteous man advances step by step in the light. Progresslveness is the law of spiritual growth. -J. W; Bardsley. (Conducted by the . National Wo. nan' Christian Tt-mprsrante Union.) QUAKER MAKES APT ANSWER Liquor Dealer Who Declared He Kept Decent Place Is Told Just What He Does' to Mankind. During a lively discussion cn th subject of temperance In an Alle gheny mountain Btage, says tho Chris tian Endeavor World, one of the company who had hitherto remained silent, said: "Gentlemen, I want you to under stand that I am a liquor dealer. I keep a public house at -, ' but I would have you know that I have a license, and keep a decent house. I don't allow loafers and loungers about my place, and when a man has enough, he can't get any more at my. bar. I sell to decent people, and do a respectable business." "Friend," replied a Quaker, "that is the most terrible part of thy business; thee takes the young, the poor, the in nocent and the unsuspecting, making drunkards and loafers of them. When their character and money are all gone, thee kicks them out and turns them over to the other shops to fin ish off, and thee ensnares others and sends them, on ' the same road to ruin." MISTAKES" CAUSED BY BEER Interesting Experiments Conducted in Vienna to Determine Reaction Time in Brain. A series of interesting experiment! was conducted by Exner of Vienna to determine the reaction time of the brain with and without alcohol, and it was found that no one's Intellect was at its best even under moderate doses of this drug. The experiment was con ducted as follows: The subject was placed at a telegraphic table with fin ger on the key and at . the ' flash of light was required to press the key. It was proved that the reaction time of Imbibers was lengthened over that of the abstainers even ween small quantities of alcohol were taken. A number of complicated experiments were made on reaction time involving color signals. A telegraph key wae placed on the right and left of the subject and signalized by alternating flashes of red and -white light. It was proven that more mistakes were made arrar rnA intrncnnn nr nno criaaa rT nt-ttr than before it was taken. LINCOLN'S NEXT BIG FIGHT After Reconstruction, Martyred Pres ident Intended to Wage War on Liquor Traffic. At a recent temperance meeting in "Washington, D. C, one of the speak ers was J. B. Merwin, Introduced as "the personal friend of Abraham Lin coln." Major Merwin dined with Lin coln the day the latter was assassin ated, and he stated that during tin conversation, the president said to him: "Merwin, since as far back as 1842 I have waged two fights, one against slavery and the other against the liquor traffic. We have won the fight against slavery and after reconstruc tion the next great question will be the overthrow of the liquor traffic. And you know, Merwin, that my .purse and my heart and my Influence and all that I have and all that I am will go Into that work." ALCOHOL HURTS THE MEMORY KaVl Vogt, Distinguished German Naturalist, Gives Result of Inter- eating Experiments. To the "Medical Annual" for 1912 we are indebted for the following: "Karl Vogt, the distinguished German naturalist,, found that alcohol had a deleterious effect on; the memory. After taking about one ounce of al cohol after breakfast, he found that he required a longer , time to learn off by heart a portion of Greek verse. If the alcohol was taken on an empty stomach this action was much more marked, and was seen with a smajler dose. , On revising his work some months later, he found that the lines learned, under the influence of alcohol were more . Imperfectly remembered than those learned on "the days when no alcohol was used." "v . Governor ' Sulzer on Temperance. The days when "a quorum of tho house of representatives could alwavs be found at the Capitol bar"1 are gone, never to return, according to Gover. nor. Sulzer. "When I; first went to Washington," said the governor, "a man who did not drink was under sus picion: now it Is the man -who drinks who is under suspicion. The change came about through the good sense and better judgment of the members.' Bureau of Information. " The" 6aioon Is a bureau of informa tion for every crime In the community. It is the first place a policeman goes when he Is in search of crime and the last place he goes when he is la search of. virtue. William J. Bryan, in an Address ,; to the Presbyterian As sembly.- . , f .-- -.U Two( Freedom.. There are two freedoms the where one Is free to do what he likes. and the true, where he Is free to do what he ought. Charles 'Klngaley.