HEAT OVERCOMES GETTYSBURG VETERAN
- ' v-- vVs f 1
vK ? X r vf
L ' fitful v-fe ( N
A pitiful sight indeed is this, of a member of the G. A. R. who came tin
scathed through the three days' fighting of tho greatest" battle of the Civil
war, overcome by the heat at the reunion of Gettysburg survivors, and being
led off the field to medical aid by a couple of young guardsmen.
TOjWAl GRAY AT GETTYSBURG
Many were the stories told and in
numerable were the incidents, both
pathetic and humorous, which marked
the great reunion of the Union and
Confederate' veterans on the Gettys
burg battlefield. Commemorating the
fiftieth anniversary of the most stub
bornly contested battle of the Civil
Tvar, fragments of the hosts which
faced each other in that conflict gath
ered to renew old acquaintances and
to recount the deeds of other days.
Kere is a story which was told by
A. T. Dice, vice-president of the Read
Once upon a time there were a vet
eran in gray and a veteran in blue.
They came to Gettysburg and in the
course of.event3 and visits to hotels
they happened to meet. They looked
over the sights of Gettysburg and the
monuments of the field. But they
found they must part. -
The one In blue lived in Oregon;
the one in gray in New Orleans. They
went weeping together to" their sta
tion and passed by train after train,
deferring the parting that must come.
Just what they said, just how they
reached the final grand idea of the
meeting, Mr. Dice did not know.
But, however, yesterday they finally
decided that the time for parting had
come. The one from Oregon could
not figure how to reach home via New
Orleans and his gray comrade, while
willing to see- the west, didn't have
the money for a ticket.
They lined upon on the platform as
their trains stood waiting- and then
before the crowd, they slowly stripped
off their uniforms and exchanged
them there while the curious flocked
to see them.
The Oregonian who came proudly to
town with a coat of blue, went as
proudly away with one of gray and
the veteran from Louisiana who boast
ed the gray of the south sat with
swelling chest in his new uniform of
James H. Lansberry of St. Louis,
Mo., who enlisted in the Third Indiana
cavalry from. Madison, Ind., recited to
his comrades the details of his cap
ture in the town of Gettysburg by
Confederates 50 years ago. Following
the skirmish jast outside of town
which ; marked the opening of what
was to be a world-famed engagement,
he had been detailed to assist in car
rying a wounded officer to the old
seminary in Gettysburg. . While ' In
town frantic women flocked about him
and begged that he tell of the battle.
He remained to tell the story, with the
Tesult that he had ;to -spend several
days in following the "Confederate
army as a prisoner. After "tramping
50 miles over rough .country without
shoes he succeeded !1h fescaping and
finally made his way tack" to Gettys
burg, where he remained till August
in assisting in the care of the wound
ed, which were housed In the semin
nary. churches, barns and public build
ings. ' -
, Harry K. Thaw has come to the
'financial rescue r of Gen, Daniel,.. E.
Sickles from his cell In Matteawan.
He sent a letter to Chairman Schoon
lake, having charge of the celebra
tion of the fiftieth anniversary o fthe
battle' of Gettysburg. In which $1,000
ln cash was inclosed. In the letter
Thaw wrote that he felt the -deepest
'sympathy for General Sickles because
o the misfortunes that bad come to
him In his old age. This sympathy
the writer declared, was heightened
by the fact tha Thaw had two uncles
In the Union army -
The camp is full of unexpected
meetings. Every day brings forth nu
merous meetings between men who
have not seen one another, for many
years. Many are commonplace, but
some are extraordinary. For in
stance, here is one:
. I. D. Munsee of Erie county. Penn
sylvania, a soldier in the 111th Penn
sylvania, was captured by the con
federates" at Peachtree Creek, Ga.,
when he was one of Sherman's army
on the celebrated march to the sea.
He was being conveyed to the rear
by a confederate soldier - when the
union batteries opened fire upon the
party among whom he was a pris
oner. The man who was guarding
Munsee was hit and fell, knocking
Munsee down and lying on top of
Seeing his chance of escape, Mun
see lay very still under the uncon
scitous confederate while the battle
raged around them. That night he
elipped from uder the body and es
caped to the union lines.
"I thought that fellow was dead'
Bald Munsee. "but I saw him today.
Poor fellow, his mind's bad, and he
didn't recognize me, but I was sure of
him. I couldn't even get his name, but
I'm goln over later to the Georgia
camp and try. to find out who he is."
One of the most interesting places
in camp was the lost j- and found bu
reau, located under the benches in the
big tent Everything found on the
grounds was brought there and thou-,
sands applied every day for missing
articles.' . .
There were at least 100 crutches
pied up in the bureau, dozen or so ap
plicants haying called for them. Those
who come . to redeem their lost
crutches seldom can recognize : them
and most of them go away with some
There was one wooden leg also ly
ing unclaimed. It was brought-in -by
a Boy Scout, who had found It urider
Several sets of false teeth were
A grandson di Francis Scott Key,
composer of "The Star-Spangled Ban
ner," is here. He is John Francis Key,
aged eighty-two, of Pikeville, Md and
he is a veteran of the Second Mary
land Infantry of the confederate army.
Wearing a suit of gray, Key came
into town, weak and almost dropping.
He has been in failing health, but de
clared he was ".gQing td see Gettys
burg on this occasion or die" . . v
" One of the oldest veterans in the
big camp is Captain W; H. Fleig of
Houston, Texas, who was ninety years
of age on his -last birthday, February:
23.. During the war he served with
distinction in the marine department
of the confederate navy,- Captain
Fleig is one of. the best preserved
men in camp and is more active than
many of the other veterans a score of
years leas advanced.1 -
Wearing a tattered uniform of
gray, Alexander Hunt of Virginia was
the central pointof- Interest on tho
streets of the town. Mr. Hunter was
wearing the identical suit ami . hat
wmcn he wore at Gettysburg fifty
The suit was In rags and has a bullet
hole through one of ,the sleeves-. He
carried all his' accoutrements used at
Gettysburg and wore . a Union - belt
taken from a foe here,' Mr. Hunter
was a, member of the Black Home cav
airy. , . . ;;r '-- :-,..:-
One f tha unadvertised reunions of
the celebrasion occured in the con
federate Bection of the camp. A fire
and drum corps of men. In blue tramp
ed up and down the streets of the con
federate part of the city of tents.
They stopped before the tent, play
ed such a fanfare as only druras and
fifes can make, summoned forth the
occupants .and shook hands, threw
their arms about the gray shoulders
and in- a dozen other: ways showed
their feelings of friendship. : ;
- They kept it up for hours and vis
ited practically every "reb tent.
Their reception was as warm is their
A remarkable coincidence of) '.Jtha
camp was the meeting of two men of
exactly the same name, coming, from
towns of the same name, but In diffef
ent states. One fought on the union
side in the battle of Gettysburg, and
the other with the confederates. ;'
- These two men are John Carson oi
Burlington, N. J., and John Carson of
Burlington, N. C. , '
They met by the merest chance.
The Jersey Carson .was walking albnp,
one' of the streets, 'and saw a; man "in
gray. - Just to be friendly, the Jersey
man stopped, him and gave , him a
greeting. It was not. until they had
talked for several minutes that they
discovered their names were identical
as well ad the name3 of their towns.
One bearded veteran of an Illinois
regiment told of an incident that hap
pened 50 years ago.
"As we "rode through -Gettysburg
that last time," he said. "I remember
a little 'girl stopped my horse and said
she wanted to give me a bouquet. I
got down and she pinned a ribbon a
little purple ribbon to my coat. 'Wear
that in the next battle you go into.
ishe said. .
" 'We're not going to have any" more
battles around here, I told her.
."'Yes, you are, she Insisted.. 'Those
hills back there are full of rebels
I " 'I wore that purple ribbon through
the battle. I never saw the girl after
ward, but I've kept that ribbon, and
it's back at home in Illinois today."
A striking contrast is seen in the
menu provided for the soldiers fift
years ago and what they enjoyed this
1863 Breakfast Hardtack, bacon
beans and coffee.
Dinner Bacon, beans, hardtack and
Supper Beans, hardtack. bacoa
1913 Breakfast Puffed rice, rrieii
eggs, fried bacon, cream potatoes,
fresh bread, hard bread, butter and
Dinner -Fricassee chicken, peas,
corn, ice cream, cake, cigars, fresh
bread, hard bread, butter, coffee, Iced
tea, . .
Supper Salmon salad, macaron!
and' cheese, fresh bread, butter and
coffee. ' ,
When the house of representatives ,
recently undertook to name a commit
tee of its members to represent it at
the reunion of the blue and gray at
Gettysburg it was found that' not a
veteran of the Civil war sat on the Re
publican side of that body. The. onlj
Union veterans in the house, three is
number, are all Democrats, and si-t
veterans of the Confederate army alsc
sit on that side. In the senate, how
ever, there are six Confederate veter
ans on the Democratic side and sis
Union veterans on the Republican side
As indicating the passage of time, ii
is a; remarkable' fact that there art
today in congress more veterans ol
the Spanish-American war than of thf
Civil war. Nineteen members of the
senate are veterans of the war with
Spain. One member of the bouse, whe
has not seen war .service at all, servec
five-years in the signal corps of the
army as a private, and Delegate
Quezon of the Philippines was a stafl !
officer under Aguinaldo during the
Philippine rebellion. . .
My heart beats faster tonight, said
Gen. Daniel E. Sickles. The throng
ing hordes who have motored and
walked and trolleyed to my camp to
day have sweft the'r hats off and hail
ed it as "Sickles Day."
It was on this day a half centurs
ago that God gave me strength tc
serve my country and my maker bet.:
ter than ilever had been able to serve
them before. - '
It was upon this day In '63 that I
lost my leg and did my little part bj
the. mercy of God to preserve. ; the
Union. .'." , :
July 2, 1863, broke hot and clear
Just as in the early hours today a mol
ten sun poured out of a sky but a
trifle overclouded. -I bad retire
shortly after midnight the previous
evening and slept the quiet, dreamless
sleep that . is generally attribute : tc
babes., ; .. . . s - -
. Last night, I enjoyed just the same
kind of sleep. But that is to be ex
pected of a young fellow who at nine
ty-three is still able, to read without
his glasses, eh? . i .
Many men ' who came today to
shake my hand told me they were ton
busy to do so 50 years ago that theii
whole hearts - and minds wero
wrapped up in the conflict to come. -
,"I hid in a barn ;when I discovere4
that Confederates hd arrived in town.
but I left it'"hrhen It was peppered -by
infantry Art and concealed myself a I
the mouth of an alley," said Lansber
ry. " "While I remained ln th? ; allej
two of my comrades attempted .o darj
across the street - to anothei alley
with a hope of escaping from towo.
They got to the middle of the Btree!
when guns of Confederates stationed
at street, intersections cracked and
they fell In a haap. .1 was soo.n founi
and disarmed." .
MO Nil If! ENT
CORNER STONE PLACED FOR ME
MORIAL SHAFT AT PUT-IN-BA
HIGHEST COLUMN IN
CO L WATTE RSON ORATOR
5erry' Victory of 1813 Strikingly Re
called by .Celebrations to be Held
In Lake Erie Cities and , r
, - . Louisville. ' " "
- ' . ' : . " y . . . . ';
Western Newspaper Union Sews Service.
. Put-in-Bay, O. The Perry Centen
nial celebration commemorating Com
modore Oliver Hazard Perry's victory
over the British on, Lake" Erie, the
campaign of Gen. William Henry Har
rison . and the one hundred years of
peace that will have ensued between
the English-speaking nations since the
signing of the Treaty of Ghent on De
cember 24, 1814, was formally opened
here. It will continue until October 5,
with celebrations at Toledo, Detroit,
Chicago, Milwaukee, Buffalo, Erie, Pa.,
and other lake ports and Louisville,
: The Centennial era began at day
break with a salute of one hundred
guns.' Assembled in the bay were the
naval militia ships, the Essex of. Ohio,
the Don Juan de Austria of Michigan,
the Dubuque of Illinois, the Wolverine
of Pennsylvania and the United States
revenue cutter Morrill. Following the
ceremonies, these i boats left for Erie,
Pa., where they will form the escort
of Perry'3 old flagship, the Niagara,
which was recently raised and refitted
and -which 'will visit the cities on the
Great Lakes holding Perry celebra
tions this summer.
Hero of Lake Erie. ;
From aLossicg's Field Boole of h War of 1112"
Copyrigbt 1893, by Helen S. Losalng.
The program called for decoration
by the school children of Put-in-Bay of
the graves of the American and British
ofi!cer3 killed in the battle of Lake
Erie. This column will stand in the
renter of a plaza. 758 feet long and 461
feet; wide, which will rise in a gradual
ascent from the water's edge, w(th
Put-in-Bay oh one side and Lake Erie
ca the other, to a height of 12 feet.
At one end of the plaza will be a
historical museum containing relics of
American historical events, principal
ly of the Waf of 1812, and at the other
end a building emblematic of a cen
tury cf peace between Great" Britain
and the United. States. This will be
the highest monument' in .the world ex
cepting the Washington monument at
the National capitaL-and the highest
column without exception. It will cost
approximately one million dollars,
which is being contributed by the Na
tional Government and the ten states
affiliated in this centennial.
- At 1 o'clock p. m. came the laying
of the corner stone of the magnificent
Perry memorial under the auspices
cf tho Ohio Grand Lodge of Masons,
the: Oho commissioners and the In
terstate Board of the Terry's Victory
Centennial commissioners. Following
(bis ceremony the program called for
oratory, 5n the large coliseum at Put-!n-Eay.
John H Clarke, of Cleveland,
president of the Ohio commission, is
to present the. memorial " reservation,
to Commodore George H. Worthington,
president general of the .Interstate
Boord. The Interstate Board will coni
nlete the memorial,. .when it will be
transferred by them to. the National
Government. Uol. Henry Watterson,
??f Lrnisville', Ky. delivered an address
n:id the oration jof the day was deliv
ered by former Senator John M.
Whitehead, of the Wisconsin commis
sion ;T . ,' - ' ': . ;
; A display of fireworks with fire" por
traits and numerous .elaborate set
o-Ieces was on the program for the ever
ning-. Following this, a banquet given
by the Ohio Centennial" Commission
ers in honor of the Ohio State officials,
members of the Legislature, Supreme
Court, the Masonic fraternity and oth
fr; guests was held. , President John H
Clarke was. toastmaster and responses
wore made by Hugh L. Nichols, 1iet
tenant governor and personal repn?
sen.ative of Go. Cox, of Ohio; Repre
sentative John Cowan, for the House
of Representatives; State Senator D.
IT Mocney, for the-Ohio Senate; Most
Worshipful Grand- Master E. S. Grlf
3th3, for. the Ohio Grand Lodge of Ma
sons; Gen. J. Warren Keifer, of the
United States Centennial oommlssion
sr; Ttmathy S; Hogm, attorney gen
eral of Ohio; J. Hs Freedlander, archi
tect of the, memorial; A. H. Sison
.reasurer general o;f the Interstate
Centennial Board,' and Webster s P.
Huntington, secretary general - of the
Interstate Centennial Board.
It was during the symposium of ad
dresses following this ceremony that
Henry Watterson,! Kentucky's grand
old man, delivered his valedictory asa
public speech; Senator John M. White
head, of Wisconsin, also spoke'.' ' ) '
Vigorous of tongue and even fiery in
rhetoric, the . famous editor and doc--trlnalre,
: engaged the rapt interest , of
his audience . by boldly attacking con
ditions which, he asserted, menaced
the future of the republic.' (
Government Is Discussed. - i
Mr.' Watterson said. In . part : X ;
"We are told,, and most of us be
lieve', that those are best governed who
are least governed.7 Yet we have one
big Congress in the naUon's capital, '
and 48 liUle congresses : In the several :
state capitals, constantly in session, to ,u mu an noar.
make and unmake laws to vex the peo- j ii irT U -
pie and confuse the courts. Inevitably, nning about 30 miles an hour. Mat
rpsnt. fnr iaw tB lowrpd. and hre. ' zer s crossmg, where the accident
as elsewhere; familiarity breed
tempt. ' r . -
"The danger Is admitted. . Clearly
seeing the evils 'of too much legisla
tion, we call for more. Through chance
majorities, stable in nothing, we would
regulate the tastes, morals and habits
of the people by act of Assembly. .
"Perennially reproaching Congress,
we would nevertheless augment, the!
powers of Congress. We are creating ,
a - system of centralized . bureaucracy .
and supplementing the Civil Service
with multifarious commissions. We
have a standing army of o,1flcials. Col
lectivism, robbing, man of his individ
uality, trusts nothing to the force of
nature, the genius of our institutions
and the providence of God.
. Experience Is Disdained.
"Yet We disdain alike experience
and forecast. We are threatened with
government by hysteria, displaying its
excess on the one hand by the vain
glorious assertion of our grandeur and
puissance, on the other hand, express
ing its humanity through the exploita
tion of visionary schemes of impossi
"Do I overpaint the picture? It is
but mocking effigy of an old man's pes
simism? Let us not be too sure of our
selves. If we preserve that , which
Washington and Franklin and Jeffer
son contemplated; that which Jones
and Perry, Harrison and Shelby fought
for; that wnicheach side in the War
of Sections claims it aimed at intelli
gent freedom we shall have done
Paul Jones Sets Example. .
"Turn we seaward, John Paul Jones
set an example of sea fighting to Oli
ver Hazard Perry, and, taking up the
wondrous tale where Jones left off,
Oliver Hazard Perry- wrote with his
sword the end of the chapter. Dying,
he left no copy. The twain stand upon
a single pedestal, matchless, in naval
annals. The battel off Scarborough
Head, in the Northern Ocean, was. a
prelude to the battle pf Lake Erie, oft
Put-in-Bay. The Bon Hpmnw Richard
and the Niagara, sister ships, sailed
into Valhalla harbors side of side. '1
have not yet begun to. fight makes im-1 0f othe-f war material, and. by the oc
mortal couplet with 'We have met the
an Am XT onil Vi A rt s... wr. '
"And thus wo come, and here we
are this blessed Fourth pf July, 1913.
With such a past and so great a patri
mony, it is not discreditable that the '
heirs of the noble men who fought
with Jones and Perry, with" Harrison
and Shelby, could ever ' have falls a
apart and come' to" blows? I think so
trulj, and it seems to me the more dis
creditable when we reflect that broth
ers then, we are brothers s,till, ina
most homogenous people upon the face
of the globe, the sections merged in
their cradles, tho states but geographic
expressions. , """' '
"At length wo are reunited. Let us
thank God for that. But from our mis
adventures and mistakes shall we take
no lesson to ourselves?" .
The daring words of CoL Watterson
wfcre liberally" applauded, the fullest
appreciation being had -of the meaning
The memorial, when completed, will
consists of a Doric column of granite
330 feet high and, 45 feet in diameter,
surmounted by a spectators' gallery
reached by elevators, above which will
tower ah immense tripod holding a
beacon light, - flashing its rays heav
enward and visible for miles. '
FACE ON WHITE HOUSE COLUMN.
Waailington. Many persons ad
mired a perfect face of. a woman on
one of the columns of the white Bousa
portifto.' The picture is high beyond
tho reach of any freak artists,, and if
the satural alignment of various cov
erinjj3 of kalsomifce and stucco. The
mouth, nose, lips,: neck, crown of hair
anft Psyche knot are as artistic as if
m?de by a modeler. Years ago there
wks discovered on one of the north
er.st columns a Jcaphazard ' arrange
ment which persons called the face of
Queen Vivtoria, but it had none of the
.rue lines of the latest picture.' '
v UNIQUE DOCUMENT? PRINTED.
Washington. The most unique doc-
iraent eiver issued by congress has
just come from the government print
ing presl - It is a volume of 137 pages,
consisting of the prayers of Rev. Hen
ry M.' Couden, blind chaplain of the
house, during the ! 62d congress. Dr.
Couden, ! although a Republican, was
re-elected by two ' Democratic houses,
These prayers were ordered published
by the house on the closing dayof the
last sessjion.i In 4 foreword . Speaker
Champ Clark introduces the Yoluma
to. tie pple. ' . , ; :-r';,
AUTOMOBILE AND ELECTRIC CAR
CRASH AT A CROSSING
Matzingers Crossing, 6r MDad
Man's Crossing" Two Dead,
Three" Injured.- y
Western Newspaper Union News Service
" Toledo, O. Two sisters were killed,
another fatally Injured and two youn;
men, one a brother of the women and
the other a,-cousin, were fatally hurt
when a Detroit, Monroe & Toledo in'
terurban car struck their automobile
at Matzinger's crossing", several miles
' ACCdif k-u
to the accident, tho automobile
X 1. M8
railroad tracks are obscured from the
stone road by. a larg barn on ona
sideband a house on another." Leahy,
with his cousins, wag running east.
He ran up straight to the track when
the fast-approaching interurban crash
ed into the auto. The. two girls who
were killed and their sister were oc
cupying tbe rear seat of the five-passenger
machine. -The big electric car
struck this part of the machine, hurl
ing the back of the machine far into
the field where the bodies of the two
girls .were found. The 'two men occu
pied the front seat. , Leahy is an en
gineer on the Pere Marquette rail
road, while James Delaney is a brake
man on the terminal road.
TERRIBLE LOSSES SUFFERED
By Bulgaria and Servians; Fights ta
Hardest of War.
St Petersburg The Rech asserts
that pourparlers are passing between
Greece, Servia, Montenegro and Ru
mania with the object of forming a
new quadruple alliance. Rumors are
persistent that Turkey threatens war
unless Bulgaria evacuates Rodcsto and
the coast of Marmora. After ten days
of fighting, more severe and deadly in
character than anything in the last
Balkan War, a little light beings to
break upon the hitherto obscure oper
ations. In the first place, the Servian.-?
have lost more men than, in the whole,
previous campaign, sjxi. semi-official
statements issued at Belgrade have
the appearance of an intention to pre
pare the public for newot a disaster.
Desperate fighting, with fluctuating
fortunes, is proceeding along; the Var
dar and Eregalinitza rivers. Impor
tant news has been received cf the.
Bulgarian invasion of Service through
Eelogradechyk, about 45 miles north
east of -Nish, Servia's most impprtant
fortified town. No indication is given
of the strength of the Bulgarian col-.
umn at this point, but the Bulgarians
claim to have defeated the Servians
and captured five guns and a quantity
the road to Nish. There is heavy fisht-
ing also between the Servians and Bul
garians to the south of Istip. About
200,000 men are engaged and the losses
on both - sides appear to-be terrible.
Bulgaria's strategy appears to-be to
hold the Greeks la check, probably
with comparatively small forces, while
she deals with Servia. This assump
tion, if correct, would explain the vic
torious advance of the Greek army.
OFFICER DISCARDS HIS UNIFORM.
Philadelphia, Pal Henry Daniels;
who resigned from the police force,
learned that his wife, whom he mar-.
ried June 21, 1904, is an heiress and
able, to write her name toa check for
$200,000. Mrs. Daniels decided . that
she had kept up her experiment long
enough, and told her husband of her
estates near Milwaukee and informed
him that she thought h 5. might as well
resign from the police force so ,he
would have time to manage his family
RECALL OF RULER DEMANDED.
Pretoria, Transvaal. The recall of
the governor general of the Union of
South Africa, Viscount Gladstone, is
demanded by the federated trades
unions. At a "meeting of the federa
tion, at which" 12,000 delegates were
present, it was unanimously resolved
to petition' the imperial government to
take this action because the governor
general employed troops to suppress
SHE MADE GOOD HER THREAT.
Richmond, Cal. Mrs. F. I. Ponsing.
a bride of less than four months, made
good a threat to -kill her husband be
cause she found him skating at a pub
lic rink with another woman, and in
flicted a wound upon herself which
may prove fatal. '
MOTHER FIGHTS MONSTER BIRD.
- Binghamton, N. Ye Only , the ' brave
fight put up by Mrs.1 Martin Gunniker,
of Chenango county, prevented her-four-year-old
son William beinz car
ried away or injured by a large bird,
supposed to be -an eagle. The child
was playing near the house when the
bird swooped down, catching its talons
in his hair. The boy cried :tn mgnt
and pain and his mother, catohing ui
a stick of wood, beat- off the bird,
which at first gave tattle, suctieuty re
leased its hold and soared a'jray. - ' .
xml | txt