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OEB 8TORYOI THE TlTTS--L
33Y TEE PRESIDENT CF M. mrrnw fsmmmju itjmm (CONTINUED.) , As the morning's light broadened into day (January 3, 1777) he met the British detachment at Princeton in the way, and drove it back in a decisive rout, a keen ardor coming into his blood as he saw the sharp work done. "An old-fashioned Virginia fox-hunt, gentlemen," he exclaimed, shouting the view-halloo. Had his troops been fresh and properly shod to outstrip Cornwallis at their heels, he would have pressed on to New ' Brunswick and taken the stores there; but he had done all that could be done with dispatch, and withdrew straight to the heights of Morristown. The Patriots Winners. Cornwallis could only . Hasten back to New York. By the end of the month the Americans fwere everywhere afoot; the British held no -posts in New Jer sey"" but Paulus Hook, Amboy, and New Brunswick; and Washington had issued a proclamation commanding all who had accepted General Howe's of fer of pardon either to withdraw with in the British lines or to take the oath of allegiance to the United States Men loved to tell afterwards how Frederick the Great had said it was the most brilliant campaign of the century. Congress took rteps before the win ter was over to secure long enlist nents, and substitute a veritable army for the three months' levies with which Washington had hitherto been strug gling to make shift. Pledges His Private Fortune. After the affair at. Trenton, Wash ington had been obliged to pledge his own private fortune for their pay to induce the men whose terms of enlist ment were to expire on New Yecr's day more than half his force to etay with him but a few weeks more, till his plan should be executed. Now he was authori-d to raise regiments enlisted till the war should end, and to exer- r else almost dictatorial powers In everything that might affect the disci pline, provisioning, and success of his army. There was need, for the year wit nessed fighting of tremendous conee-J qnence. Brave British Plana, The British struck for nothing less than complete possession of the whole state of New York, throughout tlve val leys of the Hudson and the Mohawk. General Howe, who had about twenty thousand men In New York city, was to move up the Hudson; General Bur goyne, with eight thousand men, from Canada down Lake Champlain; Colo nel St. Leger, with a small but suffi- j cient force, down into the valley of the . Mohawk, striking from Oswego, on Ontario, and the colonies were to be cut In twain, New England hopelessly 'separated from her confederates, by. the converging sweep of three armies, aggregating more than thirty-three thousand .men. But only the coast country, it turned out, was tenable ground for British troops. Ticonderoga Falls. Sir Guy Carleton had ; attempted Champlain out of Canada the year be fore, and had gone back to Quebec withont touching Ticondergsi, so dis concerted had he been by the price he had had to pay for his passage up the lake to a small force and an ex temporized fleet under Benedict Arn old. This time Burgoyne, with his splen- AA armv mnrtA short WOrk Of Ticon- deroga (Jmly, 1777), and drove Gen eral Schuyler and his army back to their posts beybnd the Hudson; but the farther he got from his base upon the lake into the vast forests of Jhat wide frontier the more certainly did he approach disaster. No succor came. St. Leger was baf fled, and sent In panic back -the way he had come. Howe did not ascend the river. -The country swarmed with gathering mi litia. They v would not volunteer, for distant campaigns ;-ut this Invading nost, marching by their very homes into the-deep foreBt, roused them and tempted them as theyjiad been roused at Concord, and they gatheired at its rear and upon its flanks as they had run together to invest Boston. A thousand men ' Burgoyne felt obliged to leave in garrison at Ticon deroga; a thousand more, sent .to Ben nington, to selid th stores ttre, were vmr overwhelmed and taken (August io. Quite twenty thousand provincials presently beset him, and he had but six thousand left wherewith to save himself. He crossed the river, for he still expected Howe; and there was stub born fighting about Saratoga (Septem ber 19, October 7), Jn which Arnold once more made his name in battle. But the odds were too great; Bur goyne's supplies were" . cut off, his troops beaten; there was nothing for it but capitulation (October 17). He had been trapped and taken by a rising of the country. Washington Outgenerals Howe. Howe had not Buccpred him, part ly because he lacked judgment and capacity, partly because Washington had thwarted him at every .turn. From his position at Morristown, Washing ton could send reinforcements to the north or recall them at will, without serious delay; and 4Iowe, in his hesi tation, gavte him abundant time to do what he would. It was Sir William's purpose to oc cupy the early summer, ere Burgoyne should need him, in an attack on Phil adelphia. On the 12th of June, ac cordingly, he threw a force of eighteen thousand men into New Jersey. But Washington foiled him at each attempt tr advance by r-anins; always upon his flank in such a position that he could neither be safely ignored nor forced to fight; and the prudent Howe, abandoning the march, withdrew once more to New York. British Come to Philadelphia. But he did not abandon his project against Philadelphia. He deemed it the "capital" n the insurgent confederacy, and wished to discredit congress and -win men of doubtful allegiance to his standard by its capture; and he reckoned upon some advantage in drawing Washing ton after him to the southward, avay from Burgoyne's field of operations in the north. Though July had come, therefore, and Burgoyne must need him presently, he put his eighteen thousand men aboard the fleet and carried them by sea to the Chesa peake. Washington Puzzled. Washington was sorely puzzled. He had taken It for granted that Howe would go north, and 'he had gone south! "Howe's in a manner abandoning Burgoyne is so unaccountable,' he said, "that I cannot help casting my eyes continually behind me?' and he followed very cautiously, ready upon the moment to turn back, lest .the movement should prove a feint. But there was no . mistake. Howe entered , the Delaware, and, being frightened thence by reports of ob structions in the river, went all the long four hundred miles about the capes of Chesapeake, and put his army r.shore at Elkton for its advance upon Philadelphia. " . Defeat, But Not Rout. It was then the 25th of August. Washington met him (September 11) behind the fords of the Brandywine, and,' unable to check Cornwallis on his flank, was defeated. But for him defeat wa8 never rout; his army was Btill intact and steady; and he held his foe yet another fort night on the road ere "capital" could be entered (September 27). Burgoyne was by that time jeep within the net spread for him at Sara toga. On the morning of the 4th. of October, in a thick mist, Washingtpn threw himself upon Howe's main force encamped across the village 8treetof Germantown, and would have overwhelmed it in the surprising on set had not two of his own columns gone astray in the fog, attacked each other, and bo lost the moment's op portunity. But an Empty Success. General Howe knev very soon how barren a success he had had. The end of November came before he had made himself master. of the forts up on the Delaware below, the "capital" and removed the obstructions from the river to give access to Tfla fleet; the British power was broken and made an end. of in the north; and Washington was still at hand as Men acing and dangerous' as ever. Dr. Franklin was told in Paris that General Howe had taken Philadelphia. "Philadelphia has taken Howe," he laughed. . , , Winters at Valley Forge. Philadelphia kept Howe safely through the winter, and his officers made themselves easy amidst a round of gayrfties in the complacent .to wn, while Washingfbn went to Valley Forge to face the hardships and the intrigues of a bitter season. A deep demoraliiatlon fell that irin ter, like a irtight, upon all the busi ness of the' struggling confederacy. The congresn, In its exile at York, had lost its tone and its command in af fairs It would have lost it as com pletely in Philadelphia, no doubt, for ft was no logger the body it had b, Its best members were withdrawn to serve their respective states in the Critical business, now everywhere in hand of reorganizing their govern ment' and it itself was no government S a l', but simply a committee of ad vice, which the states heeded or ig nored aa they pleased. . -( .-' - 'I , Congress Without Power. Oftentimes but ten or twelve merq bers could be got together to transact its business.. It suffered itself to fall into the hands of intriguers and sec tional v politicians. It gave commis sions in the army not according to merit, but upon. a plan carefully de vised to advance no more officers from one section than from another even men like 'John Adam3 approving. Adams denounced claims of senior ity, and Bervice as involving "one of the most putrid corruptions of abso lute monarchy," and suggested that the officers who did not relish the idea of seeing the several states given "a share of the general officers," pro portioned to the number of troops they had sent, to the army,, had better take themselves off, and see how little they would be missed. Plot to Displace Chief. Worst of all, an ugly plot was hatched to displace Washington; and the various distempers of different men for a brief season gave it a chance to succeed. . Some were Impatient of Washing ton's "Fabian policy," as they called it, and would have had him annihilate, instead of merely checking, these in vading hosts. "My toast." cried John Adams, "Is a short and violent war." (TO BE CONTINUED. oo We make a specialty of selling nothing but the begt grades of Clover, Timothy, Clean Blue - Grass, Orchard Grass, Red Feed and Seed Oats. Give us a call Phone 72 and 144. Covington, Thorpe & Co. " . 11-tf -oo- CORRESPONDENCE News That You Can't Get Elsewhere SILVER CREEK Mr. Owsley Farris is out again, after a two weeks illness. Mrs. West of Speedwell visited her son W. C. West last week. Miss Laura Underwood of Williamsburg is the guest of T. J.- Underwood. Miss Carolyn Ashcraft of Louisville is visiting Mr. and Mrs. Jas. B. Nantz. Mr. Walter Nantz of Louisville was the guest af his brother Jas. B. Nantz Sunday. Mrs. Barbara Roap and little granddaugh ter Elsie visited relatives in Lancaster last week. - Mrs. Emma Montgomery of Parkersburg, W. Va. is visiting her parents Mr. and Mrs. Robert Martin near Caleast. Mrs. B. F. Tevis, formerly of this place, but now living in Muskogee, Olka.. is the guest of Mrs. M. F. Arbuckle and of reia. tives in Lancaster. , , . Mrs. C. E. Gaines and little son, Charles Edward leave this week for lawrenceburg where they will visit friends and relatives for, a couple of weeks. .'. . v, Miss Madrue Farris entertained Misses Ellen Miller, Nancy Shearer, John Cor nelison Azbill, Nannie Mae and Cynthia Davidson of Richmond, from Thursday un til Monday. Miss Madrue Farris attended Miss Ellen Gibson Miller's Boatparty last Tuesday. There were about 75 guests, and all report a delightful time..- They .bad dinner and supper on the Boat, and plenty of music for dancing. ? -oo- CoL W. P. Walton has Se vere Attack News was received here Mon day morning that Col. W. P. Wal ton, of Lexington; had suffered a severe heart attack Sunday , night and for several hours, it was fear ed that he would expire. He ral lied, however, and is now believed to be. out of danger. His brother, E. C. Walton, was here on a short visit, but left early Monday for Richmond and thence to -Lexington,; to be with him.-Interior Journal. -oo- Absolutely the best grate coal there is. sold only by Richmond Coal & Supply Co. 34-lt -oo- - Lucky Strike Thomas Park, Jr. , a brother-in- law of Miss Bessie Park, of this city, has struck it lucky. A vein of fine barytes has been found on his farm which will make him a rich man. ' I oo Sheep Killed Seven sheep were killed for Martin Gentry, of Moberly, by lightning Friday. -oo- Rough and Dressed Lumber. ; Blanton Lumber Co. .Phone 425. . : 16-tf -oo- When you want first-class groceries call up Covington, Thorpe & Co., 72 and 144.' 11-tf - oo . Red Cedar Shingles. Blanton Lumber Co. Phone 425. 16-tf -oo- tST Your name on our list will be duly appreciated, -oo- ' Flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Lath. Blan ton Lnmber Co. Phone 425. ' 16-tf Beautiful Cantata At Berea last Saturday night, the Christian Church of that place gave a cantata for the benefit of the . church. ' The subject x was "Jeptha's Daughter." The lead ing characters were: Mr. Clinton Early, representing Jeptha, Miss Stella Bicknell, representing Jep tha's Daughter, and Mr. Blaine Gabbard representing the Prophet The chorus consisted of thirty voices' with Miss Laura Christ man as accompanist. .The play was beautifully staged and the players handsomelv cos tumed. The audience showed its appreciation by repeated . encores and other manifestations of ap proval. The players showed marked histrionic talent An effort is being made to in duce them to go to Paint Lick and other places.. -oo- N arrow Escape Lewis Herrington, Jr. had a close call for his life Monday afternoon; He was on the rear of an ace wagon when "a motor cycle driven by Carrier Snowden came by. Young Herrington, not seeing the cycle,jumped off the ice wagon directly )n the path of the same. Not anticipating a move of that kind, Snowden yas unable to stop his machine which knocked the child down and ran over him. Fortunately no serious injuries were sustained. Colored Baptist Association The colored Baptists of this county have been holding an as sociation at Silver Creek Church for the last few days which has been well attended. Some able divines from this State and Ohio have been in attendance and have delivered some able , addresses. Much enthusiasm was manifested and great good has been accom plished. The City of . Richmond sent many of its good citizens to the meeting daily. -oo- Miss Noland To Succeed Miss West The trustees of the Graded School have elected Miss Marga ret Noland of Richmond to suc ceed Miss Knapp West, who re signed as a member of the Fac ulty. Miss Noland will teach the eighth grade. She comes highly recommended and is expected to add much to the efficiency, of the already splendid corps of teachers. Lancaster Record. Institute i - -The Madison County Institute which commenced - its Annual Session Monday is being taught by Prof. T. J. Coates of Frankfort former superintendent of schools for Richmond. An interesting and profitable session is anticipated. I oo- ,Nor Support Jim Hisle, of Clark County has been arrested and placed iii jail on a charge of failing to support his family consisting of a wife and an infant child. His trial is set for Friday before Judge W. R. Shackelford! v Christopher Appointed - John, D. Christopher, of this city, has been appointed game warden for the county of Madison. He has received his commission andhas gone to work examining the streams of this county. -on- Big Dinner There will be a Basket Dinner at the Methodist Church at-Red House tfie Fifth Sunday Aug. 31. Preaching , by O. J. Chanler. Everybody is invited to come and bring a basket arid their pocket book. : -oo- When you are going to have company and want Komething good, try our Fern dell Peach as, Pears, Apricots, Pine Apples, Corn, Beins, Tomatoes and everything else in this line, that yourjtaste calls for. CovingtonThorpe & Co. ' 11-tf -oo- Wewanl: your logs, or will saw them for you while ;ou wait. Blanton Lumber Co. Phone 425- . 16-tf General News " it1 . Stanley Beechmann, aged seven was. drowned wljile. bathing at Howard's Mill. McRoberts in Letcher county has been incorporated and A. B. Patten named as Police Judge. Two hundred and thirty seven pensions were lately granted un der the Confederate Pensions Act making the total todate 741. The jury from Madison county which tried Red Tom Davidson failed to agree and were dis charged. It stood 8 for acquittal. Carl Grober and Miss Bessie Adams, of Ruckerville, eloped to Louisville and were married there. The groom is 16 and the bride 14 years of age. " Elder J. W. Harding, of Win chester preached at the Christian Church on Fairfax St in that city last Sunday. He is about 92 years of age and is still active. J. Will Clay was nominated for Senator in the Clark, Bourbon and Montgomery District by sev en majority over J. W. Hadden. A contest will not be made. Clay carried Montgomery, the home of both candidates, but Hadden carried Clark and Bour bon by large majorities. The State has sued the Farmers Bank of Frankfort for $31,000.00 which it claims the bank paid Chas. E. Booe illigally. And yet the State Parole Board turned this gentleman loose on the public in a short time after his convic tion. A petition for him was lib erally, signed by people of this county. Floyd Day of the Day Lumber Company has sued Chas. Doherty of Louisville, for $42,880, for false representation as to Bank stock sold to Mr. Day of which Bank Mr. Doherty was a Director. The action seeks to charge him by rea son of a statement of the Bank sworn to by Mr. Doherty who was a director. Hon. E. E. Hogg, who was de feated in his race for the nomina tion on the Democratic ticket for Senator for the Owsley, Breathitt and Morgan county District, will not contest the right of his oppo nent, C. O. Arnett, to the certifi cate of nomination, saying that a nomination will not be of any benefit to either. The District is largely Republican and the Demo cratic party is badly split A monument has been erected at the grave of John Fox, father of John Fox, Jr., who isburied in the Paris cemetery. Prof. Fox was well known for his love of nature and birds and the monu ment erected over his grave is- a crystal flowing fountain j which will give water for the birds that he loved so well. He was a na tive of -Bourbon County, but lived and died at Big Stone Gap, Va. . m THE Investment Department af a Bal timore" stock ' exchange house had a caller who wished to buy fifty shares of a certain investment stock. While the customer waited; the manager called up the firm's Philadelphia agent on the Bell Long : Distance Telephone and secured the stock, with the promise of delivery next day. Quick trades are often made by, the Bell Telephone service. ; z TELEGRAPH" - G - XXCOSPijxiA.TED j Mrs. Thomas the wife of Con , gressman R. Y. Thomas, has filed . suit for divorce, alleging in her pe j tition cruel and inhuman conduct on the part of the husband. Thomas has made himself somewhat notorious for his ruf fianism while at Washington, and he assails'his wife, alleging that she had become a violent partisan and a Republican, and also al leging 'that she was always a Texas Democrat, until three years ago and is now an enthusiastic supporter of Roosevelt and vio lently opposed to Champ Clark. Mr. Thomas alleges that he will run again for Congress in order to vindicate himself. It would appear to us that the best vindication than he can have will be to behave himself. Geo. B. Hale Our genial friend Geo. B. Hale, has been chosen to take the 3rd degree in the Fraternal Order of Owls. This is a high compliment as there are only fifty third degree members in the United States and these are chosen for some service in behalf of the order. The degree will be conferred at head quarters in South Bend, In diana. -oo- Coal to suit your grate, heater, or funiice, call 110, Richmond Coal & Supply Co. 34-lt For Rent! An ideally located Kool, Komfortabie Kottage On West Main Street, oppo site Judge Burnam. GRANT E. LILLY T. 0. BROADDUS DEALER IN Fresh Meats, Cora and Dried Beef FRESH AND SMOKED All Refrigerator Meats PHONE 39 - RESIDENCE PHONE 239 134 2d St., Richmond, Ky. THE SPIRELLA! its the best fitting Corset on the mar ket MRS. S. A. DEATHERAGE PJione No. 560146 7th Ave. OMP ANY ' Sale iff A 1?