T H E ' M AD I S O N I AN
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Tom Mann (left) and "Big Bill" Haywood (right), two of the most powerful labor leaders in tho world, met
when Mann came over from England to study the conditions in American factories and mines. The.English
' man was once called by the queen "our respected and well-beloved Tom Mann." . x
E TELLS - STORY
Fennsylvania Towns and
Streams Indicate Origin
Welsh Colony Left Its Impress Upon
Territory Near Philadelphia
Along the Delaware River
Upper and Lower Dublin.
.Philadelphia. Few states have such
peculiar names as Pennsylvania, and
the vicinity of this city contributes a
complement of them, besides telling as
correctly as history itself of the na
tionality of early settlers and the
places whence they came.
These, in many instances, show the
, philology of the language to which
-they belong; others have been trans
planted from beyond the seas, and
.some, such as those of Indian origin,
designate the topography of the lo
. calities they name.
Early Welsh settlers left their Im
press on territory contiguous to Phila
delphia by naming their settlements
after towns, hills and valleys in their
native Gwalia. Bryn Mawr, is one of
the places they named. Bryn means
hill and Mawr is great or big. and
J?encoyd is the "Welsh for head of the
woods. Pen means head and coyd ie
Bala, across the Schuylkill from
Manayunk, In the Welsh is town. It
was named after the birthplace of the
late George B. Roberts, one time presi
dent of. the Pennsylvania Railroad
company. Bala is also the Gaelic of
town, and is one of the evidences of
the similarity between the tongues.
'Gladwyne, which was included in the
old Welsh tract on the west side of
the Schuylkill, means white or clean
section, while Bethryn means broad or
open place, and Uchlyn is the upper
'.lake. Uch is upper and lynn is lake.
Some say that Upper Dublin and
Lower Dublin, both suburban places,
were not named by Irish settlers but
:by Welsh colonists, and tho reason
claimed for this is that the name Dub
lin is Welsh as well as . Irish. The
Welsh for Dublin is dark pool or pwll
:Du, while the Irish for Dublin is
.Dubh Lin, or black pool. Dubh Lin
was originally that part of the River
Liffey on which the city of Dublin now
stands. Our Dublin may be Irish, but,
like the Welsh names, it was trans
planted and has no bearing whatever
upon the topography of the northern
tier of this city.
There are North Wales and Gwy
nedd, on the North Penti branch of the
Philadelphia & Reading railway. They
are on a tract of land "bought by
James Penn' and ' transferred to the
Welsh colony, which named it Gwy
nedd. The land was divided later and
ach of the two sets of colonists want
ed the name Gwynedd retained, but
both wanted It for their respective
. section. There was a compromise on
the northern part being named North
Wales and the lower part was permit-
ted to be Gwynedd, which means white
land, or northland, in old Welsh. To j
live In Wales was an aspiration of j
these sturdy colonists.
In Che same territory as Upper Duby
3in is the hamlet of Kincora. Kin is
the Gaelic or old ' Celtic for head and
cora is sweet scented. There Is n6th
Jng in the locality, which calls for such
a cognomen; no knolls, hills of flowers
or ferns scent it at any period of the
Corn well Is from the old Celtic name
corn wail, which means horned cliffs,
?such as are on tie coast of Cornwall,
. and from where it got its name in the
early ages of the British Isles.
Tullytown is half Celtic also, but
when you reach Tacony and hear the
. .conductor shout; "Tack-oo-nee," then
; you should know he is giving you; a
nouch of the Indian dialect of the
Delawares tribe. TheJ Dela wares are
credited with doing the christening in
vtheir tongue after a swamp near., the
river. There are many Indian names
along the Delaware all the way up to
Pocono, big hills, and Manunka Chunk,
Aighest mountain spot.
GREAT LABOR LEADERS
Crossing over to . Carbon county
through the Pennsylvania highlands,
you meet scores of Indian names that
bespeak the topography of the coun
try. Some of them are Mauch Chunk,
Bear mountain anu Towamencin,' the
wilderness, a name though Indian, was
given the forest north of the Blue
mountains by the Jesuit fathers, the
first Shenewackes, or pale faces, to in
vade it Nesquehoning, black lick wa
ters. Lick was the Indian name for
coal and Nesquehoning is stream from
the glen. Nescopeco, now Nescopeck.
coal washed by waters, indicates that
the Indians were the original discov
erers of coal and knew what it was.
for, according to Roschil, historian of
the United Brethren,-they worked It
into pipeheads and built pit fires with
it on which they cooked food in pots
made from the trunks of the gumberry
CZAR FERDINAND TO ABDICATE
Bulgarian Ruler May Retire and
Prince Boris, It Is Said, Will
Vienna. It Is reported from Sofia
that King Ferdinand of Bulgaria prob
ably will adbicate in favor of Crown
Prince Boris: The king himself re
peatedly expressed this intention, ap-
Czar Ferdinand. '
parently convinced it is' the .only
means to avoid a revolution. The In
ternal situation of Bulgaria is very
Prince Boris is nineteen years old,
and several times it has been reported
that the Grand Duchess Olga ' was
betrothed to him.
AGED BABES IN THE WOODS
Indian and His Wife, Centenarians,
Lost for Three Days In Oregon
. Forest., ' ; .
Newport Ore.r-Th'B-; two oldest In
dians on Siletz reservation. Dr. John
son, aged 104, and his common; law
"wife, " Susannah Jack, aged 100, who
were lost t&Fee days and nights in
Jiiletz , forest, hav . Just found their
way back tor the tribe. They were
picking berries and lost their way on
account of poor .sight .
The Indians were In a critical condi
tion on reaching their wigwam, as
they had eaten nothing but berries
and roots for three days.
v Pet Cat Kills Master.
Paris. While shaving in his bed
room here the other morning Edmond
Hury's pe C8 jumped on his shoulder
Kfl was its habit. The animal knocked
Hiiry's arm, ' with the result that a
gash was cut in. his throat and he bled
to death before assistance could, be
summoned. ' . s
STATE HIT By PEST
Kansas Tells of Scourge That
Hurt Region in Seventies.
Story of a Big Grasshopper Tim(
Graphic Description of Swarm
That Came Like a Cloud and
Devasted the Fields.
Kansas City. Grasshoppers in Kan
sas, eh? It's been a long time since
we heard that cry, and a sorrowful
enough one it is, too grasshoppers in
Kansas. They came the first time.
Tom, in '74 when your father was
just a wee bit of a youngster. He
says he can still remember how he
used to hate to step out the back
door, because the hoppers flew up all
around him and above his head and
whirred In his face.
You hear a. lot of foolish talk, runs
an old timer's story in the Kansas
City Times, every year about the
seventeen year locust, but the Rocky
mountain grasshoppers of the '70s
came a heap hearer being the bible
kind of locusts the kind Moses
broughtdown upon the land of Egypt
to "eat up every green thing." That's
what these miserable pests did ail
It was late summer most of the
small grain had been harvested when
they appeared first I'd gone to town,
and your Uncle Tom, that you're
named after a little bit of a shaver
he was then, about ten was riding
herd on a little bunch of cattls. Every
body had some work to do in those
early days in Kansas, even the young
sters. He had a little old pony, gentle
it was, and it was his job to see that
our cattle didn't stray oft there
weren't any fences to speak of in a
good part of Kansas in '74.
Well, sir, it's the same story that
every one'll tell you that saw th
hoppers they came like a cloud be
fore the sun. Way, way up in the ah
they flew, two, three hundred feet
above the earth ,and when you looked
up you could see their wings glittering
in the sunlight like little flakes or
silver or like snow, some folks said.
We'd heard about 'em before, but it
seems like you can never quite realize
a thing of that sort till you see it
And then they began to drop down
all around, and it seemed like they
hardly got to earth before they com
menced to eat
They weren't particular what they
ate, either, just so 'twas green. You
could watch them start on a field of
corn first the tassels and the silk and
the new tender shoots and then the
edges of the big, broad leaves, and
finally the stalks themselves. I drove
home pretty quick, but when 1 got
there there wasn't a sign of your.
Uncle Tom or of the cattle. They'd
just taken out for Nebraska, it looked
like. I got on a horse and rode along
their trail it was broad enough so a
green New Englander couldn't havo
lost it and In about three hours or
so I found 'em. The cattle had
stampeded when the hoppers came
they settled on 'em thick, on their
eyes, their noses, all over env anl
they put down r their heads ' and
plunged off for ' the north, - sullen' and
stubborn Tom aid for a good while
he" didn't know whether they meant to
stop any short of Nebraska. But the
little fellow kept along after them and
finally, they : were plumb played out;'
I wonder If you can imagine what
it looks like to see trees stripped naked
In the middle of summer Just stand
ing there with the bare branches and
no hint of . green. That 'Awas what
happened when the grasshoppers
came, and - the fields, too, bare and
brown, as if you'd peeled the crops
right oft them. .
They ate the very grass and dis
carded whrvxt straw was hoarded that
year we used It to feed the cattle
during the winter. As 'the grasshop
pers ate the country bare and went
on, or died, they left, their egs
hind.:..- ' : ! v-
VOGUE OF THE BLOUSE
SEPARATE GARMENT IS ' NOW
MORE THAN EVER POPULAR,
Increased Use of Belt Largely Instru
mental in Bringing This Abe tit
Charming Models in Crepe and
Chiffon and Taffeta.
The separate blouse has been grad
ually gaining favor for the. pant few
seasons, but this season, with the re
newed vogue of the belt, the outlook
is even better than usual. .
Our illustration shows an admirable
evening blouse of chiffon. The blouse
is made of white chiffon veiling a
broad sash of delicate pink silk. Bands
of black chiffon edged with black
beads, are draped over the white chif
fon bodice and sleeves. There is a
corset belt of pale blue silk.
.. Some good blouse models, of dressy
character made in a combination of
crepe and chiffon have the shoulder
and upper part of the bodice of the
chiffon, while the lower part of the
bodice and sleeves are of the crepe.
There are some charming blouse
models in taffeta of the soft supple
sort which, have an original note in
the way of embroidery in color on
blouse front or yoke! One is an ex
tremely attractive blouse - of appte
green taffeta. The ypke has roses em
broidered in color sprinkled over its
surface. There is an upstanding frill
of white at the V-shaped neck, sur
rounded by a black silk ribbon,' rhich
is tied in a smart bow at the lower
part of the V at the front The long
sleeves are finished by black silk cuffs
edged with a white frill. .
Another blouse is of old-gold taf
feta, embroidered in blue. There is a
white collar, and the blouse is trimmed
with shirred bands. .
One of the distinctive. details of the
smartest French blouses in silk i3 the
long sleeve. But most of the domestic
designers continue to divide fafeeir
models into short-sleeved, sheer mod
els of more or less dressy degrees and
Evening Blouse of Chiffon.
rigidly severe shirtwaists, or long
sleeved, highscolhyed tailored waists
of conspicuous ugliness.
The. little frill over the hand which
usually finish the long blouse sleeves,
is open "to objection, in that it soils
readily, but it is easily replaced, and if
one does not want to cleanse it there
are cotintle&s varieties of ready made
net and lace plaitings which cost lit
tle and can be bought by the yard. The
double frill is much in evidence on the
sleeves of the. naw bIodses, and the
double frill of lace or net often finishes
DICTATES OF FASHION.
Hatpins with extremely small heads
The wired lace ruff suggesting the
Medici collar is new. .'
A novelty introduced this season! Is
cotton goods with a beaded border.
Some of the colored chiffon scarf3
are finished with a deep fringe of
soft, ribbon. ' "
Many walking costumfe3 have wide
girdles, which extend even below the
natural waist line. - ,
The wide middy blouse ties in plain
colors often are finished with an ich
hem of striped - silk.
Short frills of the same material as
the broad fiat collar are fastened ' at
the -neck with bows of - black velvet
ribbon. - ; C :
' A tiny frilling, of footing is the
finish to theedge of the brim of. a
white tailored -hat worn with a white
serge suit.':;'' j-vV'-''"-; ' ,v
The fashion of wearing a wide sash
draped from the hips low toward the
back' and fastening in bow well to
the hem of the skirt Is greatly In
favor.' ; : ; ,-" .- . v . - - ; -
White Kid 3ags.
White kid handbags, embroidered in
colored cotton threads, are dainty, ac
cessories to the all-white , summer
street frock.- The embroidery is done
by machine, In a simple sort of chain
stitch', but the designs developeji are
artistic and dainty. The colors used
are usually dull blue, brown, tan,
green and rose in soft, faded shades,
are most used. The bags have strap
handles of the "white kid. Some of
them are mounted la gilt, some . In
the neck.. Almost nine dt of ten of
the more or less blouse models have
the upstanding frill at the neck. ;
SIMPLE, BUT MOST EFFECTIVE
Rich and Heavy Hand : Embroidery
Are the Distinguishing Marks
of Really Beautiful Gown.
The beauty of this frock lies large
ly In the simplicity, of its lines ana
the heavy hamd:
is accorded such
a prominent place
In the design. The
frock is made of
crepe and ratine,
the lower portion
of the blouse and
skirt .being of the
latter and the
Joining line In
each case covered
by the heavy em
broidery of white
ton. A shallow
yoke of Irish
crochet is . out
lined on its lower
edge by a narrow
pleated frill of
white net. This
also finished the sleeve with its em
broidered cuff. Black velvet was used
for the girdle and sash ends and black
satin buttons trimmed the front of
blouse and skirt. -
SHOES FOR THE NEW DANCES
introduction of the Tango and Others
Has Made Some Changes In Foot
Most fanciful dancing boots are
worn with the aew ' draped and
flounced frocks appearing at fashion
able dances this season. The Tango
and the one-step, though one is a
romp and the other a veritable min
uet revived, cannot be danced suc
cessfully in trailing skirts, .so the
modern dancing frock is short enough
to reveal the feet or at " least tho
toe s.nd Instep. The very latest fancy
in dancing footwear has a line of
slashes at each side of the center, in
front, through which the silken stock
ing gleams. The coquettish fashion
prevails just now of wearing flesh
colored silk hose with these boots
and the effect at first glance is that
of a dainty fitting boot buttoned on
over the bare feet and ankle.
These boots are exquisitely cut and
fashioned and the lines are very
graceful, making the foot . appear
slender, tapering and arched; In a
word, patrician. One model is, of
white kid with a moderate Louis heel,
kid-covered and flat buttons of rhine
stones set close together.- But one
may have pink or blue kid if one re
fers, and the boots with their slashed
and rhinestone button tops, come also
Little Girl's Kimono.
A lovely kimono for a little girl can
be made of rosebud challis In pink and
white. The simple kimono style of
the garment which is used is mode in
finitely more attractive by placing" a
few rows of smocking at the shoulders
and across the back,, to give a yoke
effect. Use pink embroidery silk for
the smocking. Hand embroider the
neck, front from neck to hem, and
sleeves in pink silk scalloping. The
scallops can be easily drawn with the
assistance of a small spool. Place
two small pink silk frogs on the front
of the kimono to serve as fasteners.
Linsn is one of the favorite ma
terials? for tailored suits at the south
ern resorts. A suit is not considered
complete unless the wearer carries a
bag of, the same material, gilt
mounted. Another bag conceit is to
carry one of white moire matching
the belt and neckpiece.
OF NAVY BLUE MOHAIR.
At the French races list raonth was
seen this little tailored trotter frock of
heavy mohair and worsted mixture,
draped closely about the feet, hut r.
vealing trim, buttoned boots of patent
leather with' gray suede tons, which
proclaimed themselves the product of
a clever American, maker. The sah
of red and purple impressionist" silk
is the feature of this otherwise quiet
navy blue co3tume. .
Carry Children In Baskets. ?:
In China women carry their chil
dren from baskets that hang from
a bar that crosses the mother's, shoal
MIX-UP IN DISPATCHER'S' OROERS
SAID TO HAVE CAUSED CRASH
IN WHICH ,13 ARE HURT.".
Trolley Passenger and Ash Can on
Pennsylvania Line Meet; at
Western Newspaper Union $fewa Service.
Allenf own, . Pa. In a head-on col-
lision between a trolley passenger car
and an ash' car on the Slatington
branch of the Lehigh Valley Transit
Co.'s ISne, 13 persons were Injured, $
of then seriously.
The collision was, it is alleged, duo
to wrong orders issued from the dis
patcher's office in the city, cUrecting
the ash. ear to leave a siding" when the
passengar car was due. The latter
was on its way from Slatington to
Allentown and carried about 15 pas
sengers. It met the ash car at a sharp
curve just north of Siegerville, and so
great was the impact that the ash car
telescoped the ' smoking compartment
of the passenger car. The two cars
were badly wrecked. Evert, one of the
Injured passengers, was on h's way
to this city to take back-to his home
by auto a local band for a "surprise for
his parents in celebration of their
wedding anniversary and the birthday
anniversary of his father.. The in
jured were brought to an Allentown.
hospital in automobiles.
OUTBURST IN JAPAN'S CAPITAL,
Tokyo. A ' mob of 13,000 persons
seized Habiya park, cheered while its
leaders denounced the United States,
and then, marched upon the foreign
office, where it demanded that aggres
sive action be taken at once against
America because of its attitude- toward
Japanese citizens. - The meeting had
been called as a public protest against
the slaughter of Japanese by Chinesr,
at Nanking, but the .anger shown
against the Chinese was no greater
than that displayed against Americans.
The leaders made the United States
th(ir chief target, and all their utter
inces were cheered.
SLAIN WHILE THEY SLEPT.
Eagle Pass, Texas. A battalion of
500 constitutionalists made their way
to the federal camp a few miles out
from the battlefield at San Euena Ven
tura and surprised a column of 300
federals asleep in their blankets. Two
machine guns were placed behind
3tone embankment and a deadly fire
was directed toward the sleeping fed
erals, killing 120. The federals rallied
and' at least eight constitutionalists
perished in the encounter and. 20 more
were" wounded. The federals then
threw away their arms and. made tor
the camp at Puerta Carmen.
SEEN THE "COLONEL."
Springfield, O. "Colonel" Joe Leffel,
Springfield's famous midget,' disappear
ed from his home and it is feared he
has been: kidnaped. , He was attired in
a night robe. He was 78 years old,. 4&
inches tall; and weighed 60 pound3.
Corn No. 2 white 73480c, No. 3.
white. 78i,479c, Nc- 4 white 76
77c, No. 2 yellow 7879c, No.,S
yellow 78784c, No. 4 yellow 76 .
77c, No. 2 mixed 77Y2 78c, No. 3 mix
ed 77c, No. 4 mixed 7576c, mixed
ear 7779c, yellow ear 78 80c, white
Hay No. 1 timothy $19.25 19.50,.
standard timothy $1818.50 No. 2 tim
othy $16.5016.75 No. 3 timothy.
$14.501415, No. 1 clover mixed $16
16.25.. No. 2 clover mixed $14(5)14.25..
No. 1 clover $14l450, No. 2 clover
Oats No. 2 white 45c standard 44
44c, No. 3 white 4344c, No. 4
white 4243c, No. mixed 4243c
No. 3 mixed 42421&c, No. 4 mixed 40'
Poultry Springers, 2 lbs and over.
17c;- under 2 lbs, 17c; old roosters, 9c;
hens, over 4 lbs, 14c; light, 4 lb3 and
under, 13c; ducks, under 3 lbs, 10c;
spring ducks, 3 lbs and .over, 12c;
white, 4 lbs and over, 11c; turkeys, 8.
lbs and over, 18e; old toms, 18c;
Cattle Shippers- $7.258.15; .butch
er steers, extra $1.75 7.85, good to
choice $6.507.6S, common to fair
$4.75 6.25; heifers, extra $7, good to
choice $6.25 6.90, common to fair
$4.506.15; cows extra $6J56.50,.
good to choice-$5.50 6.15, common to
fair $35.25; caaners $2.754. ' '.
' Bulla Bologna $5.506.15, extra.
$6.25 6.35, fat bulla $6 6.25.
Calves Extra $11, fair to good $8.50
10J75, commoa and large $510.50.
Hogs Selected -neavy $8.909.10fc
&tse& tr ihn!(a liacVaro anil hutnhpra.
$3J&9.15, mixed.' packers $9910
stags $4.256.75 common to choice
heavy fat sows $4.5&8.60, extra $S.65,
lrht shinnpra SSffi9 25. J llizs UlU lb3
and less) $3.S0S.25. - : ' "
Sheep Extra light $4 4.10, good to
choice $3.353.9(1. common to fair
$1.75(g)3.25,J heavy sheep $3.25 3-75.
Lambs Extra $8, good , to choice
$7.507.90, common to air $4.507.25.
culls $3.5&!4. s yearlings $3.5Q5-5Q.
stock ewes $3.25 4.50. -
SHERIFF THWARTS MOB,
Guthrie, Okla.-With an excited mob
bent on lynching their prisoner, Sher
iff 'Mahoney, of Guthrie, and two offi
cers,! rushing Lewis Green, a negro, to
Perry, abandoned their motor car at
Mulhall and took to the brush, accord
ing to. a -report Teaching here. Chief
of Police Lon Mnxlo and Policeman
Isaac HV Caldwell ''were shot and killed
by - Green, at Green's business place,
where s the . officers went to make a
liquor-raid. .Thn negro surrender
when SheriiT Ma tone arrived. -
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