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The Madisonian. (Richmond, Ky.) 1913-1914, September 16, 1913, Image 11

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TH E M AD I SON IAN
NATIONAL CONSERVATION EXPOSITION
Kill
RISONERS
ONE HUNDRED AMERICAN REFU
GEES CAPTURED QY REBELS -WHEN
FLEEING.
South African Animal That Digs
Holland Disappears.
t
S 1 . u .
Aard-Vark Has Only Rudimentary
Teeth With Legs Like Those of
the Kangaroo Specimens Very
Hard to Secure.
Wilson to End Vacation and Hurry to
Washington Senator Elihu Root's "
Nephew Reported Slain, r
I
I EATER
HADE
i t
4
' Young Growing Swine on Rye Pasture in Winter.
COVER CROPS PROTECT THE LAND
DURING THE LONG WINTER MONTHS
Crime Against Kentucky Soils To Leave Them'Exposed Rye
7 Much in Favors-Soil Has Hard Struggle To
Produce Even Reasonably Good Crops
T. R. Bryant, Superintendent Exten
sion Division, Kentucky Experiment
Station.)
Even the most casual observer who
has any regard for the agricultural
welfare of Kentucky, has noticed the
crime against Kentucky soils, of leav
ing them exposed through the winter
months. The majority of the land in
.this stats is of a rolling, hilly or
ven mountainous topography, the soil
In the majority of cases being clay
loam, which conditions conspire to
snake the soils wash readily. The
cropping systems used by our farmer3
are none too good, in fact in many
cases are very bad, and the soil has a
hard struggle to produce reasonably
good crops even if properly cared for
during the winter. -
Corn occupies a greater acreage in
Kentucky than any other crop and
since many other crops are also cul
tivated, the loosened soil is left in
the best possible condition for gully
ing. This method cf cultivation hav
ing been kept up year after year has
Jeft its marks which may be seen in
the majority of the counties of the
state in the f orm of deep gullies or
barren parched hillsides, reducing the
productiveness of the soils to such an
xtent as to make its tillage imprac
ticable. The most effective way of prevent
ing this great damage is by never
leaving our land without a cover crop
during the winter months.
It is a well known fact that in the
late summer and early fall, under rea
sonably seasonable conditions, tie bac
terial life in the warm soil 13 as active
as at any other time during the year,
binder the action of these micro-organisms
in the soil a large amount of
plant food is converted from insoluble
into readily soluble forms, in which
epndition it awaits only a rais, to be
. leached out and carried away. ' The
rational thing f or us to do under these
circumstances . is to have something
growing which will utilize this readily
available plant . food incorporate it with
in its growing body and thus hold it to
"be used for next year's crop. Such a
crop as rye, sown from the first of
September to the middle of October,
feeds greedily upon this plant food as
it is made available, gets a good
growth under reasonable conditions
and is ready for Its manifold duties
through the winter.
HOG RAISING PROFITABLE TO FARMERS
vCT. R. Bryant, Superintendent Exten
sion Division, Kentucky Experiment
:Station.)
Suggestions on Swine Raising.
Perhaps the two most noticeable
grants of Kentucky agriculture, is the
lack of sufficient live stock on the
average farm and the exposure qf
xtaked land to . winter rains. As re
Sards the live stock situation perhaps
no phase of it offers greater oppor
tunities to the average farmer than
liog raising. A few suggestions on this
.subject might not be amiss here. With
the exception of milking dairy cows,
liardly any investment of money in
feed- for live stock Is more promptly
returned than that invested in hog
raising. Many other . arguments in
lavor of an increase in the swiae in
dustry might be easily cited. How
ver, Jn raising swine as .Is the case
with all other stock we can afford . to
raise none but, the best. "By this is
not meant any particular breed . but
that the animals . should be of some
yure breed. JientucKy iarmers are no-
tlveably . contented - with thinga thr
'not prevail. A' good grade s is better
Wail a. yuur auiiuai ui iiuic uicduihj.
ut generally s peaking the pure bred
animal excels the scrub or cross, and
again it is a-well 'recognized fact that
the second croas.is of little value, and.
the, herd of the pure breeder must
then be sought' and his own price paid
for a fresh start. .
i Those of us who have had any ex
perience on the markets know what
It means to get the top price or ou the
other hand to have to take fifty cents
! n one dollar below the top pric e, be
cause our hogs do not top the market.
This "discrepancy must .be deducted
from the net grouts, which are none
too large at 'best. Inheritance largely
fixes the possibility" of an animal, fur-
. tlons beforeiajid, while the f tiding
later - builds-tbe structure and mala-
Rye is much in favor as a cover crop
because 6C the relative cheapness of
seed, the lateness at 'which rye can
be sown, the comparative certainty
of getting a stand. Its degree of im
munity to winter freezing, and . the
amount and quality of the parture fur
nished in the fall, winter and early
spring.
It has been found at the Kentucky
Experiment Station that young rye up
to six inches in height contains 5.75
per cent of protein, and being so rich
in protein it is a most excellent feed
for young animals. Young pigs thrive
on rye pasture and even in the winter
can be seen' rooting through the snow
in order to bite off the tender blades.
In case rye is sown especially for the
use of swine in the winter it would be
well to sow three or four bushes to the
acre, one-half this quantity being
drilled east and west and the other
half north and south, which method
secures almost a sod which is not
easily broken "through in wet weather.
It is also a good idea to sow rye broad
cast in the corn field from the first of
September to the m middle of October,
to serve as a cover crop or pasture
or both. .
While .rye -serves a valuable purpose
in utilizing and thus conserving avail
able plant food through the autumn
and winter months! it is not a legume
and consequently fixes no atmospheric
nitrogen. This shortcoming can be
largely overcome by supplementing
the rye crop with hairy or winter
vetch. vIn using rye and vetch to
gether it is a good idea to sow early
in September, using three pecks of
rye and twenty pounds of vetch seed,
mixed. The feeding value of vetch is
excellent and It deserves a prominent
place in our system of farming.
Such a cover crop as mixed rye and
vetch or rye alone is very valuable as
a green soiling crop to be turned un
der in the spring. " The turning under
should , not be postponed too long,- in
fact it should be done before the rye
joints.' If postponed - until after this
time the probability Is- that the soil
will be drying out considerably and the
enormous quantity of vegetable matter
composed largely of straw, If the rye
is allowed to head out, will not de
compose readily and will serve as a
barrier to the capillary rise of mois
ture from the subsoil, and the result
will be that whatever crop is being
grown will suffer Unless it has a very
damp season. , , . '
tains it. It costs no more, if as "much,
to put a pound of flesh on a pure bred
hog as it does on a cross, bred or scrub
animal, and the difference" In the sell
ing price warrants an absolute chang
ing from non-descript to pure bred ani
mals. Intelligent' feeding of swine can.be
made . to accomplish surprising gains.
Farmers generally agree that it is
very difficult to make satisfactory
gains in young swine during the win
ter, but in suggesting along this line,
a word of commendation should b
given to rye pasture for the late fall,
during open winter weather, and in
the early spring. Young rye Is rich
in protein , which, is so essential tc
growing the body of a young anima!'
and without an adequate supply ' pi
which he soon assumes a starved ap
pearance. Young rye is as good , as
clover for this purpose.
It is a well known fact that an ani
mal well fed while young is a more
satisfactory feeder later on, and that
m animal starved while young can
seldom if ever be made to put on the
test gains afterwards. '
Skimmed milk Is one of the best
kiown supplements for corn in feed
ing' 3 oung swine and we -will, do our
selves no harm by" making an "effort
t pioduce more milk for the dairy
industry even , on a very . moderate
scale is highly profitable. ' v
- Soy bear s and corn Is the proportion
of one to six make an excellent ration
for young pigs and the soy beans
should by all msans; be grown on the
home farm for we" thereby serve the
dcufcle ' purpose of improving the soil
by growing the bean3 and we provide
one of the best possible pig feeds
High grade digester tankage, one part,
and corn-nine parts, is a good ration
for young stock. For finishing the
mature hog probably corn alone is best
for all practical purposes. By proper
breeding and . feeding we can obtain
surprisingly rapid gains and early ma
turity, thereby lessening th cost ot
i gains. : r ' .;. , .-. .
T f
Western Newspaper Union News Service.'
Windsor, VL President" ' Wilson
reached a sudden decision to leave for
Washington. He was to have remain
ed here at least a week for this his
last visit of the season here, and dis
appointed members , of ; the Cornish
colony are speculating as to what un
foreseen contingency has made . the
president's presence in Washington
necessary. Many think the explana
tion lies In the dispatches from Mex
ico JS&e cold wave" kept the presidn
ICO. . ' .'. ; .
Washington. A report reached here
that Morris P. Root, nephew of Sena
tor Elihu Root, of New York, had
been killed by rebels at Tepic, Mex.
No official confirmation was received
at the state department, but dispatches
were sent - immediately to - United
States consular agents demanding a
full investigation; Senator Root is at
his country residence at Clinton, N. Y.
Mexico City. The fate of 100 Amer
ican refugees from Torreon is causing
grave concern here. The Yankees, in
cluding a number of Women andchil
dren are reported to have fallen into
the hands of rebels while proceeding
over land to.Saltillo. The authorities
at Saltillo decline to take the respon
sibility of sending a force to their res
cue, fearing, they say, that the rebels
might commit atrocities upon the refu
gees, which would possibly otherwise
be avoided. The report come3 from
an official source at Saltillo, but' has
not been confirmed.. The American
embassay has been advised and has
called upon the Mexican foreign office
to investigate the matter, and do what
ever is possible to relieve the Amer
icans, should the report prove true.
Gen. Trucy Aubert, a federal com
mander, with 1,000 men, who is pro
ceeding from the north to the relief
of Torreon, has passed Saltillo. He is
traveling over approximately the same
route as the Americans, and it is re
garded possible that the rebel3 will
disappear before his advance.
PRIEST CONTESSES MURDER.
New York.: Rev Hans Schmidt,
pastor of St. Joseph's Roman Catholic
church in West One Hundred and
Twenty-fifth street, confessed the mur
der of Anna Aumuller, parts of whose
dismembered body were found in the
Hudson river and are now in the Ho
boken morgue. The girl was facing
maternity "I killed her because I
loved her so much," he said. "She
was so beautiful, so good, I could not
let her live without me Her beauty
drove me mad. ' had made , up my
mind that she and I could not live
together. I was a priest and must
remain with my church. I could not
let her go away from me."
CINCINNATI MARKETS
Wheat No. 2 red 95&96c, No. S
red 9395c, No. 4 red 7392c
Corn No. 2 white 78 79c, No. S
white 7878c, No. 4 white 7678c,
No. 2 yellow 7878c, No. 3 yellow
7778c, No. 4 yellow 7577c, No.
2 mixed 7878c, No. 3 mixed 77
78c, No. 4 mixed 7577c, white ear
7780c, yellow ear7880c, mixed ear
7779C.
Hay No. 1 timothy $20, standard
ard 4748c, No 3 white 4647c,
No. 4 white 4444c, No. 2 mixed
4647c, No. 3 mixed 4445c, No. 4
mixed 4343c.
Hay No. 1 timothy $20, 'stndard
timothy $19, No. 2 timothy $18, No. 3
timothy $16. No. 1 clover mixed $17
17.50, No. 2 clover mixed $14.5015,
No. 1 clover $1515.50, No. 2 clover
$1213.50, -
Eggs Prime firsts 26c, - firsts
24c, ordinary firsts 21c, seconds 17c.
- Poultry Tpringers, 2 lbs and over.
18c; under 2 lbs, 18c; old -roosters.
10c; hens, over 4 lbs, 14 c, light, 4
lbs and under, 14c; ducks, under 3
lbs, 11c ; spring ducks, 3 lbs and over,
11c; white, 4 lbs and over, lie;, tur
keys, 8 lbs and ;over, 18c; ' . old toms.
18c; young, 18c.
- Cattle Shippers ' $78 ; buteher
steers, extra . $7.607.75, good to
choice $6.507.50, common - to fair
$4.756.25; heifers, extra - $6.85 7,
good to choice $6.25 6.75, common to
fair $4.506;, cows, extra $6.256.75,
good to choice $4.50 6," common to
fair $3 5.25 s canners $34.
Bulls Balogna $5.25 6, extra $S.10
6.15, fat bulls $6 6.25.
Calves Extra $10.75, fair ' to good
$S10.50, common and large $4.50
10.25. . - . ' -
" Hogs Selected hayy shjprs $8.25
8.50, good to choice .' packers ' and
butchers $8.75 8.80, mixed packers
$8.658.75, stags $4 6-25, common to
choice heavy fat sows $4 7.25, -extra
$7.35; light shippers $8.508.80, pigs
(110 lbs and Jess) ?4.
"BIG DIPPER" DOOMED.
San Jose, Cal.The "Big' DiDDer.
most familiar of all constellations, be
ing the one by which the North Star
is located, is slowly, falling to Dieees
In 200,000 years the great confieura:
ion, as we see it, will not exist, and,
in fact, it did not exist 200,000 years
ago. Such is the announcement '
Prof. Heber D. Curtis, astronomer
Lick observatory and member of tae
faculty of the University of California.
1 his fact was discovered by study
the motion of stars. " ' r
4 ' hti! -VV'iWiJLWX:I.jSXvy0OciiCl
ill
ili V it'
11
The city of Knoxville, Tenn., is crowded with visitors-to the National
Conservation Exposition, which opened on September 1 and will continue for
two mouths. Eleven large and handsome buildings have been erected, two
of which are shown in the illustration. The grounds embrace more than 300
acres, a beautiful park among the foothills of the Smoky mountains.
NEW THEATER PLAN
Boston Woman Arranqinq
to
Erect Model Playhouse.
She Aims at Moral Growth Reading-
Room and Lunch Stc.nd in Rear of
Stage Will Aid Comfort of the
Performers.
Boston, Mass. Mrs. Josephine Cle
ment, probably the best-known woman
theatrical manager in the country, has
scheme for a model theater which
she hopes to build within a few
months-
She has not yet decided where she
will erect the theater, but she has
abundant financial backing by per
sons who have been attracted by her
success with the theater of which for
several years she has been the man
ager.
1 Is to be a theater in which ev
ery seat will give an unobstructed
view of the stage. The cost of a seat
will be ten cents and the entertain
ments will be of a type that will have
the approval of leaders in the "uplift
movement" throughout the United
States. .
"It will be different from anything
there is in the United States." said
Mrs. Clement. "Only performances of
the highest class will be given, and
the theater-will be unique, as it will
hare light and air on all four sides.
"It will have dignified entrances,
and everything inside will bo arranged
for the comfort of the patrons and tie
actors.
"I believe that actors who have
brains enough to amuse audiences are
entitled to as much as the patrons.
and that Is why there will be as good
an entrance in the back for them tts
there is for the public in front.
"Actors who are satisfied with their
surroundings will co-operate with the
management, and that means success
for the theater."
The Bijou theater, under the direc
tion of Mrs. Clement, has made a fea
ture of moving pictures, and it .Is her
intention to give pictures in her new
theater, but they will- be of a type
different from any now in genenJ use.
There will be nothing la them to of
fend, and . they will be entirely free
from the weird features which have
brought forth cirticisms from clergy
men all over the world.
Mrs. Clement's idea is to aave pic
tures that will educate and aid in up
lift work.
"I am going to show picturea that
will tend towards moral and . Intel
lectual development," said Mrs. Cle
ment. "I intend to- give one , long
film, a short one of a humorous
nature, two musical numbers and two
solos.
"My scheme is to have a theater
that every one will enjoy attending.
and one in' which A person wLI see
and hear for ten cents what now costs
not less than "half a dollar. Moving
pictures so. far have- been used to
amuse, to Btartle the imagination and
to reproduce many things which the
public would be better without having
seen.' 7 These . pictures will haYe' no
place in my theater." v ; ' :
, Mrs. Clement- will have the co-op-eratloa
of the Harvard Dramatic so
ciety, as she had in her work a.t the
Bijou, and of many clergymen, and
city officials who have been; foremost
in . the a&itatlon against the moving
picture shows that are given in. many
theaters. ,?.'
Back of the stage will bo- a reading
room in which the actors can amuse
themselves between their acts. There
will be- a lunchoom, where taay will be
able to purchase meals at cost. -V
Young men and women will bn giv
en an opportunity to begin at th bot
tom and work to the top. -: . -p. .
"I have always taken an interest in
young persons," said Mrs; : Cle ment,
"and every day am oothe lockout for
promising young men and women. I
have a theory that most of us can do
something pretty well and have prov
en it since I went into the theatrical
business. '1
A young woman came to mu and
said that she was a good dancer. I
gave her a trial and she was an utter
failure. ,' She told me she could-' play
the piano. I tried her at this anl sb.e
was a success. -
"I had another girl tell mo she
could sing.
She couldn't, but I :found
that she was a splendid stenographer,
I can find good'actora and singers as
mvM i
I have found steogpraphers and piano
players, and when the model theater
has been in operation a while it will
hive proven that I am right.
. "We will win in a short time, I am
confident, the good will and support
of those who s;ee now in moving pic
tures only things to condemn."
ICE MENACE TO STEFANSS0N
Polar Expedition Meets With Accident
1 Member of Crew Say Ship
Has Hole in It
Nome, Alaska. The old whaler Kar
lult, which was taking the Vihjaimur
Stefansson Canadian polar exploration
expedition into the arctic, met with a
serious accident in the ice off Point
Barrow, the northernmost point of
Alaska, and may have to unload her
cargo, according to word received
here from the revenue cutter Bear.
The extent of the damage to the Kar
Iuk is not known, but it is reported
that a large hole was stove in her hull.
The Stefansson expedition found
unusual Ice conditions at Barrow. The
Karluk was caught between the Ice
floes and is drifting with the ice. Aird
Henton, a member of the crew, quit at
Barrow and told officers of the reve
nue cutter of the Karluk's plight.
The Stefansson expedition on the
Karluk as the main ship, and the aux-
Vihjaimur Stefansson.
iliary gasoline boats Mary Sachs and
Alaska, left Port Clarence, Alaska, 90
miles north of Nome, late in July.
Aboard the Karluk, of which Captain
Robert Bartlett, who commanded
Peary'a polar ship Roosevelt, is master-.,
are Stefansson.' commander-in-
chief of the expedition, and eight of
the fourteen . scientists who make up
his party. The other scientists were
divided between the Mary Sachs, of
which Kenneth Chipman, the Canadi
an geoJogist, was placed in command,
and the Alaska, in command of Dr. R.
M. Anderson, the American biologist.
BURY ALL BOTTLES IN WOODS
Growing Belief That Sun's Rays Pass
ing Through Glass Starts Some
- of the Fires. . .. . .
Centralia, . Wash. Beer and whisky
bottles, carelessly thrown to " the
ground in timbered areas, are apt td
cause forest fires, according 'to the
opinion of E. ; W. Ferris, state fire
warden. ,' ' .
Mr, 'Ferris said tht fire wardens
had been instructed to .bury all bottles
they saw .in order thkt they 'may aot
act as a. concentrating medium for
the sun's rays and start, fires ia dry
leaves and moss. - - '
:. "I. have had niany reports of fires
that undoubtedly started ia this man
ner," t said Mr. Ferris, "and, I do not
doubt: in the laist the oplnioa that
tnere is danger from this source. It
sounds odd, ' but ' undoubtedly it la
true."
Recovers for Loss of Disposition.
- New York. Max Fenders' four-
year-old daughter had a - sweet, obe
dient disposition until the janitress
of the apartment ia which Max lived
swatted tho littlo girl with an ash
can. After that' tae child became dis-
obedient and irritable and a jury has
just awarded Fender $100 for losa ct
the; child's nice disposition.
.we:: . .' I vSffV
vs
see as
the New
York World. Perhaps you
know It
better by its, Latin name, orycteropus?
No? They haven't got one in the zo
ological colection in Bronx park, nor,
so far - .s the. writer has been able
to learn, in any of the famous zoos or
menageries. of .the world, 'For the
aard-vark is a delicate animal, accord
ing to Curator Ditmars, and not easily
acclimated.
Thes aard-varth was thought to be a
myth until the Dutch and English, be
gan to settle Africa. It was first de
scribed by P. Kolbe in 1742 in an ac
count of his travels in Cape Colony,
but Buff on called in question his de
scription. However, this ia known to
be accurate.
The Paris museum has just received
ah orycteropus, which it has had'
staffed and placed on exhibition
There are three species, and that in.
Paris is the excessively rare Orycter
opus Ethiopicus from: the regions of
the Blue Nile and Abyssinia. The
commonest species Is that which is
found' in eastern and southern Africa,
as far north as Angolh. The third,
species is peculiar to Senegambia.
The aard-vark belongs to the order
of Edentata, so called because Its
members are either toothless or have
only rudimentary or defective teeth.
It is a cousin of the ant bears, the
armadilloes and the pangolins of
South America. It Is about six feet
long, including the tail, and about
twenty inches high. . Its back is
arched, its bead long and ending In
a snout like a pig's, only sharper and
longer. Its forelees are short, its hind
legs much larger, like those of. a kan
garoo, and its tail Is heavy and almost
as long as its body. Its ears are long
and erect, like an ass'. It has small,
piggy eyes, a very thick skin, like a
pig's, covered with sparsely scattered
hair, and yellow all over.,
Its tonge is very long, extensive and
always covered with a gummy saliva. -It
protrudes from a mouth that is lit
tle more than a round hole. The
young animal has eight molars in the
upper jaw and six in: the lower, but
the adult. has only five above and four
below, and all of these are rudiamen
tary. The Ethiopian species lives in the
dessert, always near ant hills, for the
ants are its food. . In the daytime it
stays curled up and asleep in a bur
row which it closes behind it It digs
a . hole even '. in the hardest ground
with Incredible rapidity and disap
pears in a few moments, for the four
toes on its front feet are armed with
strong claws which it plies rapidly,
scooping out the earth and throwing
it behind itself in a great cloud of
dust.
At night it emerges and goes out
hunting. for ant hills. As soon as it
has found one it makes sure that no
danger is menacing, then it lies down
with its snout against the ant hill,
puts out its tongue as far as it can
and waits. Soon its tongue is covered
with, ants, caught like files on sticky
flypaper. Then it draws In its tongue,,
chews up the ants and begins again.
It is very timid and so keen of ear
that it catches every faint sound; , At
the slightest alarm it digs a bole and
buries itself. It never attacks any
thing but insects, yet when attacked
It defends itself with its powerful
claws in a way that makes-it danger
ous. 'When surprised by the hunter it al
most always has Its head and shoul
ders in a bole, and' it takes so tight a
grip on the earth that If the hunter
tries to pull it forth he is almost cer
tain to fail: ,
Its flesh is highly prized in Africa
and it is said to taste like pork. It Is
easily tamed in its native land, and.
in the days ot Egypt's ancient great
ness must have' been a pet for ladies,
as on the tomb ot Abd-el-Gournaa- of
the nineteenth dynasty there Is
graven a- picture of a nobleworaa '
with an orycteropus following her Vk
a dog.
SLIT SKIRTS WRECK NERVES
Not of the Wearers, But of the Ankt
Gazing Youths, Says Do eta
Walters.
PititsburghPa. -Tn looking over my
statistics I fiusl there baa been a slight
i&crease of nervous diseases among
young men,' and I suspect that the
slashed skirt has something ta do with
it," said Dr E. R. Walters, director of
the health department v 1
However, 1 believe that by restrict
ing the length of the skirt all will be
weii. -y; . v . . . .
"Personally, ,i nave laxea mue no
tice of the new skirt, for I am a home
loving man and careful about matters
m ili. ri -n A -!' '-'
"And 1 do not know why young mea"
should be so closely observant of
ankles I havo always judged , women
by their eyes.,; i nave touna it a raucu
better way; aaklea are deceiving.
. The ladles - seem to like slit skirts
and I am for anything that pteasea the
ladies. Ia that way I. think that tho
ellt "skirt may do some good because
New Yorli Did you ever
aard-vark? asks a writer in
people never -uro sick wiiea taey are
weil pleased.; v
"And if the Jadiea want it, why, my
goodness', why not "let them have Uf

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